keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912071/classical-and-alternative-macrophages-have-impaired-function-during-acute-and-chronic-hiv-1-infection
#1
Leonardo J Galvão-Lima, Milena S Espíndola, Luana S Soares, Fabiana A Zambuzi, Maira Cacemiro, Caroline Fontanari, Valdes R Bollela, Fabiani G Frantz
OBJECTIVES: Three decades after HIV recognition and its association with AIDS development, many advances have emerged - especially related to prevention and treatment. Undoubtedly, the development of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) dramatically changed the future of the syndrome that we know today. In the present study, we evaluate the impact of HAART on macrophage function and its relevance to HIV pathogenesis. METHODS: PBMCs were isolated from blood samples and monocytes (CD14+ cells) were purified...
November 29, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907136/immune-activation-and-bacterial-translocation-a-link-between-impaired-immune-recovery-and-frequent-visceral-leishmaniasis-relapses-in-hiv-infected-patients
#2
Maria Luciana Silva-Freitas, Glaucia Fernandes Cota, Talia S Machado-de-Assis, Carmem Giacoia-Gripp, Ana Rabello, Alda M Da-Cruz, Joanna R Santos-Oliveira
The maintenance of chronic immune activation due to leishmaniasis or even due to microbial translocation is associated with immunosenescence and may contribute to frequent relapses. Our aim was to investigate whether patients with HIV-associated visceral leishmaniasis (VL/HIV) who experience a single episode of VL have different immunological behaviors in comparison to those who experience frequent relapses. VL/HIV patients were allocated to non-relapsing (NR, n = 6) and relapsing (R, n = 11) groups and were followed from the active phase of VL up to 12 months post-treatment (mpt)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890944/role-of-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-measurements-in-hiv-patients
#3
REVIEW
Arun Vishwanath, Saif Quaiser, Ruhi Khan
As we herald into the 21(st) century, the quality of life and the repertoire of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) have considerably improved. However, considerable work is still needed to educate the population about primary and secondary prevention modalities. Moreover, regular monitoring of immune response with patients on HAART with conventional biomarkers is still a problem in low resource settings which needs to be addressed. We aim to review high-sensitivity C-reactive protein as a potential biomarker in this regard...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881659/glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol-gpi-anchored-anti-hiv-scfv-efficiently-protect-cd4-t-cells-from-hiv-1-infection-and-deletion-in-hu-pbl-mice
#4
Chaobaihui Ye, Weiming Wang, Liang Cheng, Guangming Li, Michael Wen, Qi Wang, Qing Zhang, Dan Li, Paul Zhou, Lishan Su
: Despite the success in viral inhibition and CD4 T cell recovery by highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART), HIV-1 is still not curable due to the persistence of HIV-1 reservoir during treatment. One patient with acute myeloid leukemia who received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from homozygous CCR5 Δ32 donor has had no detectable viremia for 9 years after HAART cessation. This case has inspired a field of HIV-1 cure research focusing on engineering HIV-1 resistance of permissive cells...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878102/antiretroviral-naive-and-treated-patients-discrepancies-of-b-cell-subsets-during-the-natural-course-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-type-1-infection
#5
Olga Tsachouridou, Lemonia Skoura, Pantelis Zebekakis, Apostolia Margariti, Adamantini Georgiou, Dimitrios Bougiouklis, Dimitrios Pilalas, Antonios Galanos, Michael Daniilidis, Symeon Metallidis
AIM: To evaluate alterations of memory B cell subpopulations during a 48-wk period in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) patients. METHODS: Forty-one antiretroviral naïve and 41 treated HIV-1 patients matched for age and duration of HIV infection were recruited. All clinical, epidemiological and laboratory data were recorded or measured. The different B cell subsets were characterized according to their surface markers: Total B cells (CD19(+)), memory B cells (CD19(+)CD27(+), BMCs), resting BMCs (CD19(+)CD27(+)CD21(high), RM), exhausted BMCs (CD19(+)CD21(low)CD27(-), EM), IgM memory B (CD19(+)CD27(+)IgM(high)), isotype-switched BMCs (CD19(+)CD27(+)IgM(-), ITS) and activated BMCs (CD19(+)CD21(low+)CD27(+), AM) at baseline on week 4 and week 48...
November 12, 2016: World Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873361/effect-of-hiv-infection-in-the-microuclei-frequency-on-the-oral-mucosa
#6
Celina Faig Lima, Monica Ghislaine Oliveira Alves, Juvencio Jose Duailibe Furtado, Marcelo Marcucci, Ivan Balducci, Janete Dias Almeida
BACKGROUND: the genotoxic impact of HIV infection on the oral cavity malignancies is unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of HIV infection in micronuclei (MN) frequency on the oral mucosa of HIV+ patients and establish a relationship with early cytogenetic changes in oral carcinogenesis. METHODS: 30 HIV + individuals who are under highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and 30 non HIV patients were evaluated. Two smears were taken from the lateral border of the tongue and mouth floor and stained by Feulgen...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872774/pulmonary-kaposi-sarcoma-an-uncommon-cause-of-respiratory-failure-in-the-era-of-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Stanley M Nwabudike, Stefan Hemmings, Yonette Paul, Yordanis Habtegebriel, Octavius Polk, Alem Mehari
Kaposi Sarcoma (KS) is the most common malignancy associated with Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and is caused by Human Herpesvirus 8 (HHV 8) or Kaposi Sarcoma Herpesvirus (KSHV). In about 90% of cases Kaposi Sarcoma is associated with cutaneous lesions; however visceral disease can occur in the absence of cutaneous involvement. In the era of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART), the incidence of KS has declined. Clinical features of pulmonary KS might be difficult to distinguish from pneumonia in the immunocompromised patients and could lead to diagnostic challenges...
2016: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862491/alarmins-and-central-nervous-system-inflammation-in-hiv-associated-neurological-disorders
#8
M-L Gougeon
In the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), HIV-1-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) persist in infected individuals with adequate immunological and virological status. Risk factors for cognitive impairment include hepatitis C virus co-infection, host genetic factors predisposing to HAND, the early establishment of the virus in the CNS and its persistence under HAART; thus, the CNS is an important reservoir for HIV. Microglial cells are permissive to HIV-1, and NLRP3 inflammasome-associated genes were found expressed in brains of HIV-1-infected persons, contributing to brain disease...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849272/community-viral-load-of-hiv-in-brazil-2007-2011-potential-impact-of-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy-haart-in-reducing-new-infections
#9
Artur Iuri Alves de Sousa, Vitor Laerte Pinto
Objectives: To estimate the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) viral load in the Brazilian population and to assess the potential impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in reducing new infections to build evidences and to gather information to support health policies. Methods: Spatial analysis and modeling tools were used to describe the existing patterns of the viral load density, using the Kernel method. Data on viral load and treatment were retrieved from the databases Laboratory Tests Control System (SISCEL), which contains information on the individual's history of viral load, and Medication Logistics Control System (SICLOM), which controls the dispensing of drugs used for antiretroviral therapy...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843370/rheumatoid-arthritis-in-patients-with-hiv-management-challenges
#10
REVIEW
Matthew B Carroll, Joshua H Fields, Philip G Clerc
Over the past few decades, HIV has been transformed from a once-uniformly fatal disease to now a manageable but complex multisystem illness. Before highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), reports suggested that HIV-infected patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) would experience remission of their disease. It has now become clear that RA can develop in HIV-infected patients at any time, independent of HAART. Choosing the right medication to treat symptoms related to RA while avoiding excess weakening of the immune system remains a clinical challenge...
2016: Open Access Rheumatology: Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824723/a-thirty-year-perspective-of-the-long-term-survival-cd4-percentage-and-social-achievements-of-perinatally-hiv-infected-children-as-a-function-of-their-birth-era
#11
Sharon Vuppula, Donna Tyungu, Aditya Kaul, Sulachni Chandwani, Mona Rigaud, William Borkowsky
BACKGROUND: Pediatric HIV has evolved from a pre-antiretroviral era (pre-1989 or Pre-ART) to an antiretroviral (ART) era (1989-1996) & to a highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) era (post-1996). As we have passed the 3rd decade following these individuals, we thought it useful to review clinical, laboratory, & social outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective, cross-sectional study of 399 children infected perinatally. They were divided into Pre-ART, ART & HAART groups...
November 7, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822743/immune-recovery-uveitis-in-hiv-patients-with-cytomegalovirus-retinitis-in-the-era-of-haart-therapy-a-5-year-study-from-singapore
#12
Tun Hang Yeo, Tun Kuan Yeo, Elizabeth P Wong, Rupesh Agrawal, Stephen C Teoh
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to analyse the clinical features of HIV patients with cytomegalovirus retinitis (CMVR) developing immune recovery uveitis (IRU) while on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and to identify the risk factors, visual outcomes and complications of IRU. RESULTS: Majority (n = 26, 86.7 %) of patients were male, with 76.7 % (n = 23) of patients having bilateral disease. Twenty-seven eyes (50.9 %) had both anterior uveitis and vitritis...
December 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819156/development-of-a-qualitative-qpcr-test-to-identify-patients-failing-first-time-therapy-to-nnrti
#13
Sergio Lisboa Machado, Gabriel S Gonçalves, Dawn Dudley, David O'Connor, Helena Keiko Toma, José C Couto-Fernandez, Amilcar Tanuri
Antiretroviral therapy (ART) can be compromised by selection of drug-resistance strains; this can be promoted by lack of adherence during therapy and drug tolerability. Some of these drug resistant strains can persist for years as minority populations. The K103N drug resistance mutation (DRM) is selected by the use of NNRTIs including Nevirapine or Efavirenz that are used in low-income countries. Here we describe the use of a less expensive qualitative Point Mutation PCR (PMqPCRK103N) targeting K103N mutation...
November 7, 2016: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818734/coconut-oil-extract-mitigates-testicular-injury-following-adjuvant-treatment-with-antiretroviral-drugs
#14
Oluwatosin O Ogedengbe, Ayoola I Jegede, Ismail O Onanuga, Ugochukwu Offor, Edwin Cs Naidu, Aniekan I Peter, Onyemaechi O Azu
Increased access to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has made the management of drug toxicities an increasingly crucial component of HIV. This study investigated the effects of adjuvant use of coconut oil and HAART on testicular morphology and seminal parameters in Sprague- Dawley rats. Twelve adult male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 153~169 g were distributed into four groups (A-D) and treated as follows: A served as control (distilled water); B (HAART cocktail- Zidovudine, Lamivudine and Nevirapine); C (HAART + Virgin coconut oil 10 mL/kg) and D (Virgin coconut oil 10 mL/kg)...
October 2016: Toxicological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806085/genotoxic-and-cytotoxic-effects-of-antiretroviral-combinations-in-mice-bone-marrow
#15
Aroldo Vieira de Moraes Filho, Cláudia de Jesus Silva Carvalho, Cristiene Costa Carneiro, Camila Regina do Vale, Débora Cristina da Silva Lima, Wanessa Fernandes Carvalho, Thiago Bernardi Vieira, Daniela de Melo E Silva, Kênya Silva Cunha, Lee Chen-Chen
Commonly used guidelines for the management of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection (highly active antiretroviral therapy, HAART) include drug combinations such as tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) + lamivudine (3TC) and combivir [zidovudine (AZT) + 3TC] + efavirenz (EFV). These combinations may enhance the genotoxic effects induced by such drugs individually, since the therapy requires lifelong adherence and the drugs have unknown effects during treatment. Thus, the evaluation of the benefits and risks of HAART is of great importance...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796131/maternal-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy-reduces-vertical-cmv-transmission-but-does-not-reduce-breast-milk-cmv-levels
#16
Jennifer Ann Slyker, Barbra A Richardson, Michael Chung, Claire Atkinson, Kristjana Hrönn Ásbjörnsdóttir, Dara Lehman, Michael Boeckh, Vincent Emery, James Kiarie, Grace John-Stewart
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of highly-active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on CMV transmission and breast milk level in the context of maternal HIV. DESIGN: Specimens from a randomized trial conducted in Nairobi, Kenya between 2003-2005 were used to compare CMV transmission and breast milk levels between mother-infant pairs randomized to HAART versus short-course antenatal zidovudine plus single-dose nevirapine (ZDV/sdNVP) for prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT)...
October 31, 2016: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789849/cervical-cancer-screening-practices-knowledge-of-screening-and-risk-and-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-among-women-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-in-lima-peru
#17
Jeanne R Delgado, Luis Menacho, Eddy R Segura, Fernando Roman, Robinson Cabello
Cervical cancer (CC) is the leading cause of cancer death among Peruvian women. Awareness shown by women living with HIV (WLHIV) of their increased risk and Papanicoloau (Pap) smear frequency is understudied, particularly in Peru. We assessed the uptake of guidelines-based CC screening practices and its associations with two predictors, knowledge of CC screening and risk and highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) adherence, among WLHIV. Collected by self-administered questionnaires from 2014 to 2016, we analyzed the data of 71 WLHIV...
October 27, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789848/dolutegravir-50%C3%A2-mg-thrice-weekly-plus-atazanavir-400%C3%A2-mg-daily-in-a-long-term-virologically-suppressed-hiv-infected-patient
#18
Massimiliano Lanzafame, Emanuela Lattuada, Stefano Nicolè, Fabio Rigo, Giulia Cucchetto, Ercole Concia, Sandro Vento
Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has changed the natural course of HIV infection. However, the toxicities associated with long-term use of nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) have led to the assessment of dual-therapy approaches with less toxicity. Atazanavir and dolutegravir have antiviral potency, tolerability and favourable metabolic profile. In suppressed HIV-infected patients, with NRTIs-related toxicity effects, the association of atazanavir and dolutegravir, favoured by their positive pharmacokinetics interaction, could be used as 'maintenance' antiretroviral therapy...
October 27, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783207/cns-impact-of-perinatal-hiv-infection-and-early-treatment-the-need-for-behavioral-rehabilitative-interventions-along-with-medical-treatment-and-care
#19
REVIEW
Michael J Boivin, Horacio Ruiseñor-Escudero, Itziar Familiar-Lopez
There is growing concern that although the more severe forms of HIV-associated neurologic deficits are reduced following highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART), mild to moderate cognitive disorders may persist for years after HAART initiation and this may occur despite complete plasma viral suppression. According to the UNAIDS 2014 report, there were 3.2 million children living with HIV around the world at the end of 2013 and 91 % of these resided in sub-Saharan Africa. In the same year, only 24 % of children who needed antiretroviral treatment (ART) received it and 190,000 children died of AIDS-related illnesses...
December 2016: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771974/new-treatment-strategies-for-hiv-positive-cancer-patients-undergoing-antiblastic-chemotherapy
#20
Massimiliano Berretta, Raffaele Di Francia, Brigida Stanzione, Gaetano Facchini, Arben LLeshi, Paolo De Paoli, Michele Spina, Umberto Tirelli
The introduction of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) into clinical practice has dramatically changed the outcome of HIV-infected patients by prolonging their survival. The increase in life expectancy has led to an increased risk of non-AIDS-related mortality and morbidity, including cardiovascular diseases, neurocognitive diseases, neuroendocrine dysfunctions and cancer. Areas covered: The GICAT (Italian Cooperation Group on AIDS and Tumors) has demonstrated that patients who receive a multidisciplinary approach with the combination of anticancer agents (AC) and HAART can achieve better responses and survival rates than patients who receive AC alone...
November 16, 2016: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
keyword
keyword
78623
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"