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Sujata Mohanty, Sanchaita Kohli, Jitender Dabas, Chandravir Singh
PURPOSE: Originally introduced for mandibular reconstruction more than 40 years ago, the sternoclavicular graft (SCG) has gained widespread popularity for the reconstruction of the ramus-condyle unit (RCU) owing to its anatomic and histological likeness to the normal mandibular condyle. Conventional longitudinal osteotomy design for its harvest has been fraught with considerable complications at the donor site including fracture clavicle and major neurovascular injury. In an attempt to alleviate these ill effects, a new technique for procuring the sternoclavicular graft is presented...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Q Fu, K Xie, S Tan, J M Ren, Q Zhao, P A Webley, G G Qiao
A reduced copper metal-organic framework (rCu-MOF) containing Cu(I) ions was prepared by reducing raw MOFs (Cu-BTC). A series of polymer functionalizations and coupling reactions could subsequently be achieved via CuAAC click chemistry, thus demonstrating the high activity, facile recyclability and good structural stability of rCu-MOFs for catalytic applications.
October 6, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Brig N K Sahoo, I D Roy, Rohit Sharma, Maj Preeti Kaur
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) Ankylosis is an extremely disabling condition characterized by difficulty or inability to open the mouth resulting in facial asymmetry, malocclusion and dental problems. Surgical excision of the ankylosed mass is the only treatment option available to gain mouth opening. The loss in vertical height of ramus following release of ankylosis is difficult to manage in both unilateral and bilateral TMJ ankylosis. Out of all the methods to restore this height Distraction Osteogenesis (DO) is gaining popularity because of predictable gain in the length without any associated morbidity...
January 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Y El Harrech, O Ghoundale, E H Kasmaoui, D Touiti
Introduction. Retrocaval ureter is a rare congenital anomaly. Open surgery was the classic treatment for this condition. Laparoscopy is currently an admitted procedure to treat many urological diseases. The objective of our study is to present our experience and discuss the safety and the feasibility of transperitoneal laparoscopic pyelopyelostomy for treatment of retrocaval ureter (RCU). Materials and Methods. Three symptomatic patients underwent laparoscopic repair for RCU in our department. The diagnosis was suspected on the computed tomography scan (CT) and confirmed on ascending pyelography...
2016: Advances in Urology
Annamaria Di Fabio, Alessio Gori
This article first introduces a new psychological construct and then presents the psychometric properties of a new multidimensional measure for assessing workplace relational civility (WRC). This new self-report mirror measure has two specular sections (Part A-Me with others; Part B-Others with me) that can assess individuals' relational patterns regarding civility and that can help reduce the bias in the assessment process. The results of exploratory factor analysis revealed a factor structure with three robust dimensions [relational decency (RD), relational culture (RCu), and relational readiness (RR)] exhibiting good values of internal consistency...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Petra Bizikova, Thierry Olivry
BACKGROUND: Hydrolysed protein diets are used to diagnose and treat dogs with cutaneous adverse food reactions (CAFR). Little is known about what proportion of dogs hypersensitive to the native protein would react to its hydrolysed form. OBJECTIVES: To determine the clinical allergenicity of hydrolysed poultry feather (RCU) and chicken liver diets (HZD) in dogs with chicken induced CAFR. METHODS: In this randomized, double-blinded, crossover trial, ten dogs with chicken induced CAFR were selected after a positive oral challenge to chicken meat and a negative one to corn...
August 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
Rifka C Schulman, Erin L Moshier, Lisa Rho, Martin F Casey, James H Godbold, Mone Zaidi, Jeffrey I Mechanick
OBJECTIVE: Chronic critical illness (CCI), characterized by prolonged mechanical ventilation and tracheostomy, commonly manifests with elevated bone resorption, which has previously been shown to abate after treatment with intravenous (IV) bisphosphonates. Our study assessed the impact of pamidronate administration on clinical outcomes in a CCI cohort. METHODS: A retrospective case series was performed on 148 patients admitted to The Mount Sinai Hospital Respiratory Care Unit (RCU) from 2009-2010...
July 2016: Endocrine Practice
Shari Bernard, Vicki Loeslie, Jeffrey Rabatin
Limited information is available regarding use of the Frazier free water protocol (FWP) with hospitalized patients who have dysphagia and have survived a critical illness with compromised pulmonary status. This pilot study used a two-group nonequivalent comparison group design to evaluate the FWP in 15 adults admitted to a respiratory care unit (RCU) with dysphagia concerns. Inclusion criteria included recommendation for a modified diet with thickened liquids by a dysphagia therapist and ability to follow the specific free water guidelines...
January 2016: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
Abhay Vakil, Devang Sanghavi, Bashar Alkinj, Jasleen Pannu, Vicki Loeslie, Bernardo Selim, Jeffrey Rabatin, Rahul Kashyap
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Critical Care Medicine
Somboon Tanasupawat, Wongsakorn Phongsopitanun, Khanit Suwanborirux, Moriya Ohkuma, Takuji Kudo
A novel actinomycete, strain RCU-197T, was isolated from soil of a peat swamp forest in Rayong Province, Thailand. Using a polyphasic approach, the strain was classified in the genus Streptomyces. It contained ll-diaminopimelic acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan. No diagnostic sugars were detected in whole-cell hydrolysates and there was a lack of mycolic acids. The major menaquinones were MK-9(H6) and MK-9(H8). The predominant cellular fatty acids were iso-C14 : 0, iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0...
January 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Babu S Parmar, Balram Garg, Reedham D Mehta, Ankita Midha, Dixit K Thakkar
INTRODUCTION: Treatment of bony Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Ankylosis includes release of the ankylosis and creation of a gap with or without insertion of interposing material and complete reconstruction of the joint using e.g. costochondral, autogenous coronoid/ankylosed mass, sternoclavicular, clavicular bone grafts etc. As these are non-pedicled grafts, there is eventual resorption with subsequent decrease in height of the ramus, facial asymmetry, deviated mouth opening and reankylosis...
September 2015: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Y-H Tseng, Y-C Tseng, H-S Hsu, S-C Chang
INTRODUCTION: Weaning from mechanical ventilation is one of the most important and challenging problems for most intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Spontaneous breathing trial (SBT) is the most common method used to evaluate patients' ability to breathe by themselves and plays an important role in decision making for weaning. The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of different methods of SBT in respiratory care unit (RCU) patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) on weaning outcome...
September 2015: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
Kamalak H, Mumcu A, Altin S
We used the Cu ions for the leakage analysis between pulp capping and restorative materials. Theoretically, Cu has more advantages than Ag ions due to their smaller radii (rCu (2+)=73 pm and rAg (2+)=94 pm), lower mass density (dCu=8.96 g/cm(3) and dAg=10.49 g/cm(3)) and higher radio opacity which can be more useful by X-ray or EDX detectors, cheaper price and more abundance in planet when compared with Ag element which is generally used in the leakage studies. The micro leakage between dental restorations and pulp capping materials has been determined by using Micro Computed Tomography, Scanning Electron Microscopy and EDX analysis...
2015: Open Dentistry Journal
Jumin Hao, Mei-Juan Han, Xiaoguang Meng, Wayne Weimer, Qingwu K Wang
Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) has emerged as one of the most sensitive spectroscopic analysis methods for the detection of environmental contaminants in water, including perchlorate (ClO4(-)). However, as with other commonly used analytical techniques, analysis of realistic environmental samples by SERS presents a challenge due to complex chemical components coexisting in the samples. In this work, we investigated the influence of inorganic anions (particularly oxyanions) on SERS spectra of ClO4(-) using a cationic thiol modified silver nanofilm substrate (Cys-Ag/rCu)...
February 5, 2015: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Meghan D Morris, Jennifer Evans, Martha Montgomery, Michelle Yu, Alya Briceno, Kimberly Page, Judith A Hahn
BACKGROUND: It is increasingly recognized that the risk for HIV and hepatitis C (HCV) transmission among people who inject drugs (PWID), such as syringe sharing, occurs in the context of relationships between (at least) two people. Evidence suggests that the risk associated with injection behavior varies with injection partner types. METHODS: We utilized longitudinal dyad-level data from a study of young PWID from San Francisco (2006 to 2013) to investigate the relationship-level factors influencing high-risk injecting within HCV-serodiscordant injection partners (i...
2014: PloS One
Abbas Fadaii, Saber Sadat Amini, Bahador Bagheri, Bahar Taherkhanchi
BACKGROUND: At present, air way support plays pivotal role in management of patients in the ICU (Intensive Care Unit) and also RCU (Respiratory Care Unit). Ventilator weaning is an important step in the care of ICU and RCU patients. It is the gradual removal of mechanical ventilatory support. Different predictors are used for initiation of weaning. This study was designed to investigate the rapid shallow breathing index (RSBI) as a predictor for successful weaning. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 70 patients who had mechanical ventilation for more than 48 hours in a respiratory care unit in Tehran Labbafi Nejad Hospital...
2012: Tanaffos
Shelly Abramowicz, Lisa E Simon, Harlyn K Susarla, Edward Y Lee, Jung-Eun Cheon, Susan Kim, Leonard B Kaban
PURPOSE: To identify specific panoramic radiographic findings associated with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) synovitis in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of children with JIA evaluated at Boston Children's Hospital. Patients were included if they had a confirmed diagnosis of JIA, a panoramic radiograph, and a contemporaneous TMJ magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study with contrast. Medical records and imaging studies were reviewed to document demographic, panoramic (accentuated antegonial notch, short ramus and condyle unit [RCU] length, and abnormal condyle morphology: decreased condyle anteroposterior or superoinferior dimension) and MRI findings...
June 2014: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Paul W Dyce, Dan Li, Kevin J Barr, Gerald M Kidder
Expression of the gap junction protein, connexin43 (Cx43), begins early during embryogenesis and is maintained in many different cell types. Several stem cell populations have been shown to express Cx43 and to form functional gap junctions. While it is clear that Cx43 is critical to the function of many organs, whether the same is true for stem cells has not been clearly demonstrated. Recently, stem cells isolated from newborn mouse skin were shown to form oocyte-like cells (OLCs) in vitro, hence the present study focussed on the role Cx43 plays in the proliferation and differentiation of these cells...
July 15, 2014: Stem Cells and Development
José Pulido, Gemma Molist, Antonia Domingo-Salvany, M Teresa Brugal, Albert Sanchez-Niubò, Gregorio Barrio, Luis de la Fuente
AIM: To determine predictors of changes in amount of cocaine use among regular users outside treatment services. DESIGN: Longitudinal study-we estimated the proportion of subjects who increased or decreased cocaine use and assessed possible predictors related to these changes among a street-recruited cohort of young regular cocaine users (RCU). SETTING: Three Spanish cities: Barcelona, Madrid and Seville PARTICIPANTS: A total of 720 RCU aged 18-30 years not regularly using heroin were recruited in the community during 2004-06 (Itinere Project)...
June 2014: Addiction
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