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Junjun Wang, Ruidong Wu, Daming He, Feiling Yang, Peijun Hu, Shiwei Lin, Wei Wu, Yixin Diao, Yang Guo
Capturing the full range of climatic diversity in a reserve network is expected to improve the resilience of biodiversity to climate change. Therefore, a study on systematic conservation planning for climatic diversity that explicitly or implicitly hypothesizes that regions with higher climatic diversity will support greater biodiversity is needed. However, little is known about the extent and generality of this hypothesis. This study utilized the case of Yunnan, southwest China, to quantitatively classify climatic units and modeled 4 climatic diversity indicators, including the variety of climatic units (VCU), rarity of climatic units (RCU), endemism of climatic units (ECU) and a composite index of climatic units (CICD)...
June 4, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
Masahiro Katsui, Hiroshi Asanuma, Keishiro Fukumoto, Ryuichi Mizuno, Mototsugu Oya
We report a female patient diagnosed with retrocaval ureter (RCU) after ureteral reimplantation for vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). She was diagnosed as right grade IV VUR with breakthrough urinary tract infections, and underwent ureteral reimplantation with Cohen cross-trigonal technique. Thereafter, she developed severe right hydronephrosis associated with RCU, which was presumably due to caudal traction of right ureter at ureteral reimplantation. Sheunderwent uretero-ureterostomy anterior to the inferior vena cava, and recovered well...
April 22, 2018: Urology Journal
Ashwin S Tamhankar, Abhishek J Savalia, Ajit S Sawant, Prakash W Pawar, Gaurav V Kasat, Sunil R Patil
Context and Aim: Retrocaval ureter (RCU), also known as circumcaval ureter, occurs due to anomalous development of inferior vena cava (IVC) and not ureter. The surgical approach for this entity has shifted from open to laparoscopic and robotic surgery. This is a relatively new line of management with very few case reports. Herein, we describe the etiopathology, our experience with six cases of transperitoneal laparoscopic repair of RCU operated at tertiary care center in India and have reviewed different management options...
October 2017: Urology Annals
Pierre Mateo, Joséphine E Cinqualbre, Melinda Meyer Mojzes, Kurt Schenk, Philippe Renaud
A simple procedure for the conversion of tertiary lactams to 2-monoalkylated cyclic amines is described. The reaction sequence involves conversion of a lactam to a thioiminium ion followed by reaction with an organocopper (RCu) reagent and final reduction with triacetoxyborohydride. The reaction is high yielding and shows an excellent functional group tolerance. Its utility is demonstrated by a rapid synthesis of indolizidine 167B. The excellent chemoselectivity of the process, where only monoalkylation products are formed, is rationalized by a mechanism involving the formation of a transient enamine...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Julie K Kim, Daniel Har, L Steven Brown, David A Khan
BACKGROUND: Chronic urticaria (CU) is urticaria that has been present continuously or intermittently for at least 6 weeks. Although the prevalence and characteristics of CU are well established, little is known about recurrent CU (RCU). OBJECTIVES: We sought to establish a definition, determine the frequency, and evaluate risk factors for RCU. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of adult patients with CU evaluated at the University of Texas Southwestern allergy and immunology clinic was performed...
March 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
Pradeep Agrawal, Ravi Prakash Kanojia, Akshay Saxena
Retrocaval ureter (RCU) is a rare congenital anomaly with the ureter looping around inferior vena cava (IVC). We present the case of 10-year-old boy. Diagnosis was confirmed with ultrasound and CT. He underwent retroperitoneoscopic uretero-ureterostomy.
July 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
Hamady Dieng, Salbiah Binti Ellias, Tomomitsu Satho, Abu Hassan Ahmad, Fatimah Abang, Idris Abd Ghani, Sabina Noor, Hamdan Ahmad, Wan Fatma Zuharah, Ronald E Morales Vargas, Noppawan P Morales, Cirilo N Hipolito, Siriluck Attrapadung, Gabriel Tonga Noweg
In dengue mosquitoes, successful embryonic development and long lifespan are key determinants for the persistence of both virus and vector. Therefore, targeting the egg stage and vector lifespan would be expected to have greater impacts than larvicides or adulticides, both strategies that have lost effectiveness due to the development of resistance. Therefore, there is now a pressing need to find novel chemical means of vector control. Coffee contains many chemicals, and its waste, which has become a growing environmental concern, is as rich in toxicants as the green coffee beans; these chemicals do not have a history of resistance in insects, but some are lost in the roasting process...
June 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Sujata Mohanty, Sanchaita Kohli, Jitender Dabas, Chandravir Singh
PURPOSE: Originally introduced for mandibular reconstruction more than 40 years ago, the sternoclavicular graft (SCG) has gained widespread popularity for the reconstruction of the ramus-condyle unit (RCU) owing to its anatomic and histological likeness to the normal mandibular condyle. Conventional longitudinal osteotomy design for its harvest has been fraught with considerable complications at the donor site including fracture clavicle and major neurovascular injury. In an attempt to alleviate these ill effects, a new technique for procuring the sternoclavicular graft is presented...
February 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Q Fu, K Xie, S Tan, J M Ren, Q Zhao, P A Webley, G G Qiao
A reduced copper metal-organic framework (rCu-MOF) containing CuI ions was prepared by reducing raw MOFs (Cu-BTC). A series of polymer functionalizations and coupling reactions could subsequently be achieved via CuAAC click chemistry, thus demonstrating the high activity, facile recyclability and good structural stability of rCu-MOFs for catalytic applications.
October 6, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Brig N K Sahoo, I D Roy, Rohit Sharma, Maj Preeti Kaur
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) Ankylosis is an extremely disabling condition characterized by difficulty or inability to open the mouth resulting in facial asymmetry, malocclusion and dental problems. Surgical excision of the ankylosed mass is the only treatment option available to gain mouth opening. The loss in vertical height of ramus following release of ankylosis is difficult to manage in both unilateral and bilateral TMJ ankylosis. Out of all the methods to restore this height Distraction Osteogenesis (DO) is gaining popularity because of predictable gain in the length without any associated morbidity...
January 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Y El Harrech, O Ghoundale, E H Kasmaoui, D Touiti
Introduction. Retrocaval ureter is a rare congenital anomaly. Open surgery was the classic treatment for this condition. Laparoscopy is currently an admitted procedure to treat many urological diseases. The objective of our study is to present our experience and discuss the safety and the feasibility of transperitoneal laparoscopic pyelopyelostomy for treatment of retrocaval ureter (RCU). Materials and Methods. Three symptomatic patients underwent laparoscopic repair for RCU in our department. The diagnosis was suspected on the computed tomography scan (CT) and confirmed on ascending pyelography...
2016: Advances in Urology
Annamaria Di Fabio, Alessio Gori
This article first introduces a new psychological construct and then presents the psychometric properties of a new multidimensional measure for assessing workplace relational civility (WRC). This new self-report mirror measure has two specular sections (Part A-Me with others; Part B-Others with me) that can assess individuals' relational patterns regarding civility and that can help reduce the bias in the assessment process. The results of exploratory factor analysis revealed a factor structure with three robust dimensions [relational decency (RD), relational culture (RCu), and relational readiness (RR)] exhibiting good values of internal consistency...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Petra Bizikova, Thierry Olivry
BACKGROUND: Hydrolysed protein diets are used to diagnose and treat dogs with cutaneous adverse food reactions (CAFR). Little is known about what proportion of dogs hypersensitive to the native protein would react to its hydrolysed form. OBJECTIVES: To determine the clinical allergenicity of hydrolysed poultry feather (RCU) and chicken liver diets (HZD) in dogs with chicken induced CAFR. METHODS: In this randomized, double-blinded, crossover trial, ten dogs with chicken induced CAFR were selected after a positive oral challenge to chicken meat and a negative one to corn...
August 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
Rifka C Schulman, Erin L Moshier, Lisa Rho, Martin F Casey, James H Godbold, Mone Zaidi, Jeffrey I Mechanick
OBJECTIVE: Chronic critical illness (CCI), characterized by prolonged mechanical ventilation and tracheostomy, commonly manifests with elevated bone resorption, which has previously been shown to abate after treatment with intravenous (IV) bisphosphonates. Our study assessed the impact of pamidronate administration on clinical outcomes in a CCI cohort. METHODS: A retrospective case series was performed on 148 patients admitted to The Mount Sinai Hospital Respiratory Care Unit (RCU) from 2009-2010...
July 2016: Endocrine Practice
Shari Bernard, Vicki Loeslie, Jeffrey Rabatin
Limited information is available regarding use of the Frazier free water protocol (FWP) with hospitalized patients who have dysphagia and have survived a critical illness with compromised pulmonary status. This pilot study used a two-group nonequivalent comparison group design to evaluate the FWP in 15 adults admitted to a respiratory care unit (RCU) with dysphagia concerns. Inclusion criteria included recommendation for a modified diet with thickened liquids by a dysphagia therapist and ability to follow the specific free water guidelines...
January 2016: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
Abhay Vakil, Devang Sanghavi, Bashar Alkinj, Jasleen Pannu, Vicki Loeslie, Bernardo Selim, Jeffrey Rabatin, Rahul Kashyap
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Critical Care Medicine
Somboon Tanasupawat, Wongsakorn Phongsopitanun, Khanit Suwanborirux, Moriya Ohkuma, Takuji Kudo
A novel actinomycete, strain RCU-197T, was isolated from soil of a peat swamp forest in Rayong Province, Thailand. Using a polyphasic approach, the strain was classified in the genus Streptomyces. It contained ll-diaminopimelic acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan. No diagnostic sugars were detected in whole-cell hydrolysates and there was a lack of mycolic acids. The major menaquinones were MK-9(H6) and MK-9(H8). The predominant cellular fatty acids were iso-C14 : 0, iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0...
January 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Babu S Parmar, Balram Garg, Reedham D Mehta, Ankita Midha, Dixit K Thakkar
INTRODUCTION: Treatment of bony Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Ankylosis includes release of the ankylosis and creation of a gap with or without insertion of interposing material and complete reconstruction of the joint using e.g. costochondral, autogenous coronoid/ankylosed mass, sternoclavicular, clavicular bone grafts etc. As these are non-pedicled grafts, there is eventual resorption with subsequent decrease in height of the ramus, facial asymmetry, deviated mouth opening and reankylosis...
September 2015: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Y-H Tseng, Y-C Tseng, H-S Hsu, S-C Chang
INTRODUCTION: Weaning from mechanical ventilation is one of the most important and challenging problems for most intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Spontaneous breathing trial (SBT) is the most common method used to evaluate patients' ability to breathe by themselves and plays an important role in decision making for weaning. The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of different methods of SBT in respiratory care unit (RCU) patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) on weaning outcome...
September 2015: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
Kamalak H, Mumcu A, Altin S
We used the Cu ions for the leakage analysis between pulp capping and restorative materials. Theoretically, Cu has more advantages than Ag ions due to their smaller radii (rCu (2+)=73 pm and rAg (2+)=94 pm), lower mass density (dCu=8.96 g/cm(3) and dAg=10.49 g/cm(3)) and higher radio opacity which can be more useful by X-ray or EDX detectors, cheaper price and more abundance in planet when compared with Ag element which is generally used in the leakage studies. The micro leakage between dental restorations and pulp capping materials has been determined by using Micro Computed Tomography, Scanning Electron Microscopy and EDX analysis...
2015: Open Dentistry Journal
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