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Megumi Hirabayashi, Yoshihide Asano, Takashi Yamashita, Shunsuke Miura, Kouki Nakamura, Takashi Taniguchi, Ryosuke Saigusa, Takehiro Takahashi, Yohei Ichimura, Takuya Miyagawa, Ayumi Yoshizaki, Tomomitsu Miyagaki, Makoto Sugaya, Shinichi Sato
Heparin-binding epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like growth factor (HB-EGF) is a member of the EGF family growth factors, which affects multiple aspects of the wound healing process such as epithelialization, wound contraction and angiogenesis. In our study, we measured the serum HB-EGF levels of 51 systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients, which showed a significant increase compared with those of 20 normal subjects. Further analysis revealed a positive correlation between the HB-EGF level and pulmonary ground-glass score but no correlation between the former and pulmonary fibrosis score...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
Steven J Kunnen, Tareq B Malas, Cornelis M Semeins, Astrid D Bakker, Dorien J M Peters
Renal epithelial cells are exposed to mechanical forces due to flow-induced shear stress within the nephrons. Shear stress is altered in renal diseases caused by tubular dilation, obstruction and hyperfiltration, which occur to compensate for lost nephrons. Fundamental in regulation of shear stress are primary cilia and other mechano-sensors, and defects in cilia formation and function have profound effects on development and physiology of kidneys and other organs. We applied RNA sequencing to get a comprehensive overview of fluid-shear regulated genes and pathways in renal epithelial cells...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Rui Li, Kai Cui, Kang Liu, Hao Li, Yan Zhang, Xiaming Liu, Ruibao Chen, Mingchao Li, Tao Wang, Shaogang Wang, Jihong Liu, Ke Rao
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a risk factor for erectile dysfunction (ED), but the underlying mechanisms are unclear. The aims of this study were to determine the underlying mechanisms of metabolic syndrome-related ED (MED). Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were fed a high-fat diet for 6 months, and metabolic parameters were then assessed. An apomorphine test was conducted to confirm MED. Only rats with MED were administered an intracavernosal injection of either epidermal growth factor (EGF) or vehicle for 4 weeks...
October 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
Jing-Jing Li, Xin-Ying Wu, Jing-Lou Chen, Guan-Rong Chen, Jun Xu, Ye Gu, Hong-Ping Song
Adenosine diphosphate P2Y12 receptor antagonist clopidogrel is not sufficiently safe for the gastric mucosa in patients with high risk of peptic ulcer, since it may impair healing of gastric erosions. However, the safety of the novel P2Y12 receptor antagonist ticagrelor in the gastric mucosa has not been elucidated to date. The present study aimed to examine whether ticagrelor delays gastric ulcer healing and to elucidate the involved mechanisms. Gastric kissing ulcers were produced in rats by luminal application of acetic acid solution, and ticagrelor was administered at dose of 10 or 20 mg/kg/day orally for 7 days...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Ronald Perraut, Marie-Louise Varela, Charlotte Joos, Babacar Diouf, Cheikh Sokhna, Babacar Mbengue, Adama Tall, Cheikh Loucoubar, Aissatou Touré, Odile Mercereau-Puijalon
Identification of parasite antigens targeted by immune effector mechanisms that confer protection against malaria is important for the design of a multi-component malaria vaccine. Here, the association of antibodies reacting with the Plasmodium falciparum merozoite surface protein-4 (MSP4) with protection against clinical malaria was investigated in a Senegalese community living in an area of moderate, seasonal malaria transmission. Blood samples were collected at the end of an 8-month long dry season without any recorded parasite transmission from 206 residents enrolled in a prospective follow-up study...
October 14, 2017: Vaccine
Valentin Trujillo, Paulina Marín-Luevano, Irma González-Curiel, Adrián Rodríguez-Carlos, Maira Ramírez-Reyes, Esther Layseca-Espinosa, José A Enciso-Moreno, Lorenza Díaz, Bruno Rivas-Santiago
Foot ulceration is one of the most common and complex sequelae of diabetes mellitus, generally posing a therapeutic challenge due to poor healing responses and high rates of complications, including peripheral vascular disease, ischemia and infections. Calcitriol, the most active vitamin D metabolite, induces antimicrobial peptides production in keratinocytes from diabetic foot ulcers (DFU); however, little is known about its effects on angiogenic factors in this pathology. Herein we aimed at studying whether calcitriol induces angiogenic molecules in keratinocytes under normoxic and hypoxic conditions, and if these molecules are able to improve cell migration in vitro...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
L Dumont, F Chalmel, A Oblette, B Berby, A Rives, V Duchesne, C Rondanino, N Rives
STUDY QUESTION: Do freezing and in vitro culture procedures enhance the expression of proteins involved in apoptotic or autophagic pathways in murine pre-pubertal testicular tissue? SUMMARY ANSWER: In vitro maturation strongly modified apoptosis- and autophagy-related relative protein levels in mice testicular tissue whereas the impact of cryopreservation procedures was minimal at the end of the culture. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: In vitro spermatogenesis remains a challenging technical issue as it imposes to find a very close balance between survival and death of germ cell natural precursors (i...
October 11, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
Qiujin Shen, Johan Björkesten, Joakim Galli, Daniel Ekman, John Broberg, Niklas Nordberg, Annika Tillander, Masood Kamali-Moghaddam, Gunnel Tybring, Ulf Landegren
Background A number of factors regarding blood collection, handling and storage may affect sample quality. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact on plasma protein profiles by delayed centrifugation and plasma separation and multiple freeze-thaw cycles. Methods Blood samples drawn from 16 healthy individuals were collected into ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid tubes and kept either at 4 °C or 22 °C for 1-36 h prior to centrifugation. Plasma samples prepared 1 h after venipuncture were also subjected to two to eight cycles of freezing at -80 °C and thawing at 22 °C...
October 17, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
Dan Li, Fenglin Chen, Jian Ding, Na Lin, Zonghai Li, Xiaozhong Wang
Huntington-interacting protein 1 (HIP1) is associated with various tumor types; however, its precise functions in tumor cells are unclear. In this study, the effects of HIP1 on the degradation of EGFR, which have important roles in carcinogenesis after EGF stimulation, were examined. After screening 17 cell lines, the coexpression of HIP1 and EGFR was detected in HeLa cells. Accordingly, the expression of HIP1 was knocked down in HeLa cells using various HIP1 siRNA sequences. The endocytosis of EGFR and localization of clathrin in HeLa cells were examined after stimulation by EGF at various concentrations (i...
October 12, 2017: Oncology Reports
Tao Chen, Jingjie Li, Meidong Xu, Qin Zhao, Yingyong Hou, Liqing Yao, Yunshi Zhong, Ping-Chieh Chou, Wei Zhang, Pinghong Zhou, Yuhui Jiang
EGFR signaling is implicated in NF-κB activation. However, the concrete mechanisms by which the core transducer of NF-κB signaling pathway, RelA/p65 is regulated under EGFR activation remains to be further clarified. Here, we show that EGF stimulation induces PKCε-dependent phosphorylation of migration and invasion inhibitory protein (MIIP) at Ser303; this phosphorylation promotes the interaction between MIIP and RelA in the nucleus, by which MIIP prevents histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6)-mediated RelA deacetylation, and thus enhances transcriptional activity of RelA and facilitates tumor metastasis...
October 16, 2017: Nature Communications
Kyoungjune Pak, Seunghyeon Shin, So Jung Kim, Keunyoung Kim, Bum Soo Kim, Seong Jang Kim, In Joo Kim
We aimed to evaluate the association between plasma epidermal growth factor (EGF) and the availability of dopamine transporter (DAT) measured from (123)I-FP-CIT single-photon emission computed tomography in healthy controls in this study. Volume of interest template was applied to measure specific binding ratios (SBRs) of caudate nucleus, putamen, and striatum representing DAT availability as follows; SBR = (target- cerebellum)/cerebellum. Plasma EGF was negatively correlated with the availabilities of both caudate nucleus (r = -0...
October 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
Rachel B Hazan, Kimita Suyama, Jiahong Yao, Huizhi Liang, Outhiriaradjou Benard, Olivier D Loudig, Dulguun Amgalan, Wendy M McKimpson, Greg R Phillips, Jeffrey E Segall, Yihong Wang, Susan Fineberg, Larry Norton, Richard N Kitsis
The Akt pathway is a well-known promoter of tumor malignancy. Akt3 is expressed as two alternatively spliced variants, one of which lacks the key regulatory serine 472 phosphorylation site. Whereas the function of full-length Akt3 isoform (Akt3/+S472) is well-characterized, that of Akt3/-S472 isoform remains unknown. Despite being expressed at a substantially lower level than Akt3/+S472 in triple negative breast cancer cells, specific ablation of Akt3/-S472, enhanced, whereas overexpression, suppressed mammary tumor growth-consistent with a significant association with patient survival duration relative to Akt3/+S472...
October 16, 2017: Cancer Research
Li Jia, Chen Liu, Ying Xin, Aimin Zhang, Yunli Zhou, Dong Dong, Li Ren
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum levels of EGF containing fibulin-like extracellular matrix protein 1 (EFEMP1) in the patients with meningiomas and explore its potential as a biomarker. METHODS: Forty-five patients with meningioma, 11 of whom underwent meningioma resection, as well as 30 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. CSF and blood samples were collected preoperatively and postoperatively. Expression levels of EFEMP1 were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
Maria S Ioannou, Gopinath Kulasekaran, Maryam Fotouhi, Justin J Morein, Chanshuai Han, Sarah Tse, Nadya Nossova, Tony Han, Erin Mannard, Peter S McPherson
Epidermal growth factor (EGF) activates the EGF receptor (EGFR) and stimulates its internalization and trafficking to lysosomes for degradation. However, a percentage of EGFR undergoes ligand-independent endocytosis and is rapidly recycled back to the plasma membrane. Importantly, alterations in EGFR recycling are a common hallmark of cancer, and yet, our understanding of the machineries controlling the fate of endocytosed EGFR is incomplete. Intersectin-s is a multi-domain adaptor protein that is required for internalization of EGFR Here, we discover that intersectin-s binds DENND2B, a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for the exocytic GTPase Rab13, and this interaction promotes recycling of ligand-free EGFR to the cell surface...
October 13, 2017: EMBO Reports
(no author information available yet)
EREG and EPGN induce weak EGFR dimerization but sustained signaling compared with EGF.
October 13, 2017: Cancer Discovery
Xing-Chen Chen, Xiang-Tai Wei, Jun-Hong Guan, Hong Shu, Duo Chen
Epidermal growth factor (EGF) and EGF receptor (EGFR) play prominent roles in the metastasis of glioblastoma (GBM). However, the molecular mechanisms for the function of EGF and EGFR in GBM metastasis have not been elucidated. Herein, we demonstrate that coactivation of EGF and EGFR drives tumor metastasis in a matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9)-dependent manner. Expression levels of EGF, EGFR, and MMP-9 were substantially upregulated in the GBM and edema zones of patients, compared with those of paired unaffected participants...
September 12, 2017: Oncotarget
Dulama Richani, Robert B Gilchrist
BACKGROUND: The LH surge induces great physiological changes within the preovulatory follicle, which culminate in the ovulation of a mature oocyte that is capable of supporting embryo and foetal development. However, unlike mural granulosa cells, the oocyte and its surrounding cumulus cells are not directly responsive to LH, indicating that the LH signal is mediated by secondary factors produced by the granulosa cells. The mechanisms by which the oocyte senses the ovulatory LH signal and hence prepares for ovulation has been a subject of considerable controversy for the past four decades...
September 20, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
Anastasios D Papanastasiou, Chaido Sirinian, Eva Plakoula, Vassiliki Zolota, Ioannis K Zarkadis, Haralabos P Kalofonos
Breast cancer is the most common malignancy, affecting one in eight women in North America and Europe. The human epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) protein comprises a major determinant of normal development but also cancer. RANK receptor (Receptor Activator of Nuclear factor-κB) is a tumor necrosis superfamily member and a binding partner for RANKL, which was recently implicated in breast cancer initiation, progression and metastasis. Here we provide preliminary evidence of a possible interplay between RANK and EGFR signaling in breast cancer...
October 2017: Cancer Genetics
Benjamin B Minkoff, Joshua M Blatz, Faraz A Choudhury, Daniel Benjamin, J Leon Shohet, Michael R Sussman
Protein three-dimensional structure dynamically changes in solution depending on the presence of ligands and interacting proteins. Methods for detecting these changes in protein conformation include 'protein footprinting,' using mass spectrometry. We describe herein a new technique, PLIMB (Plasma Induced Modification of Biomolecules), that generates µs bursts of hydroxyl radicals from water, to measure changes in protein structure via altered solvent accessibility of amino acid side chains. PLIMB was first benchmarked with model compounds, and then applied to a biological problem, i...
October 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
Soheila Rahmani, Mohammad Abdollahi
Sulfur mustard (SM), also known as mustard gas, is a chemical weapon which by now has been used in many wars. The most concerning SM toxic effect is probable carcinogenicity. In this study, the genetic and epigenetic mechanisms of SM carcinogenicity, by focusing on treatment of SM-associated malignancies, particularly gene therapeutics, cancer vaccines, and epigenetic medications, have been criticized. The required data were collected through an organized search on valid scientific databases. For SM carcinogenicity due to acute or chronic exposure, the entire original and review articles were evaluated...
October 10, 2017: Archives of Toxicology
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