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Beta cells AND Gastrin AND EGF

Sina Bartfeld, Hans Clevers
Recently infection biologists have employed stem cell derived cultures to answer the need for new and better models to study host-pathogen interactions. Three cellular sources have been used: Embryonic stem cells (ESC), induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) or adult stem cells. Here, culture of mouse and human gastric organoids derived from adult stem cells is described and used for infection with the gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori. Human gastric glands are isolated from resection material, seeded in a basement matrix and embedded in medium containing growth factors epidermal growth factor (EGF), R-spondin, Noggin, Wnt, fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 10, gastrin and transforming growth factor (TGF) beta inhibitor...
November 12, 2015: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Yi-Chun Chen, E Scott Colvin, Katherine E Griffin, Bernhard F Maier, Patrick T Fueger
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: EGF and gastrin co-administration reverses type 1 diabetes in rodent models. However, the failure of this to translate into a clinical treatment suggests that EGF-mediated tissue repair is a complicated process and warrants further investigation. Thus, we aimed to determine whether EGF receptor (EGFR) feedback inhibition by mitogen-inducible gene 6 protein (MIG6) limits the effectiveness of EGF therapy and promotes type 1 diabetes development. METHODS: We treated Mig6 (also known as Errfi1) haploinsufficient mice (Mig6 (+/-)) and their wild-type littermates (Mig6 (+/+)) with multiple low doses of streptozotocin (STZ), and monitored diabetes development via glucose homeostasis tests and histological analyses...
October 2014: Diabetologia
A Kruczynski, P Yeaton, F Darro, I Camby, C Deprez, J Martinez, J Pasteels, R Kiss
A new tool is described which makes it possible to evaluate directly the influence of various growth factors on in vitro neoplastic cell growth on the one hand and to look at a concept of differentiation in terms of population dynamics, on the other. This tool relies upon the digital cell image analyses of Feulgen-stained nuclei and the mathematical method of Voronoi paving. This technique enabled us to characterize the influence on the proliferation and the differentiation of the HCT-15 and LoVo colorectal cell lines of anti-gastrin (G), anti-estradiol (E(2)), anti-epidermal growth factor (EGF), anti-luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH), and anti-transforming growth factor alpha (TGF alpha) and beta (TGF beta) antibodies...
March 1996: International Journal of Oncology
Myriam Solar, Carina Cardalda, Isabelle Houbracken, Mercè Martín, Miguel Angel Maestro, Nele De Medts, Xiaobo Xu, Vanessa Grau, Harry Heimberg, Luc Bouwens, Jorge Ferrer
A longstanding unsettled question is whether pancreatic beta cells originate from exocrine duct cells. We have now used genetic labeling to fate map embryonic and adult pancreatic duct cells. We show that Hnf1beta+ cells of the trunk compartment of the early branching pancreas are precursors of acinar, duct, and endocrine lineages. Hnf1beta+ cells subsequent form the embryonic duct epithelium, which gives rise to both ductal and endocrine lineages, but not to acinar cells. By the end of gestation, the fate of Hnf1beta+ duct cells is further restrained...
December 2009: Developmental Cell
Zakiya-Luna Siddique, Ignat Drozdov, Jared Floch, Bjorn I Gustafsson, Kamilla Stunes, Roswitha Pfragner, Mark Kidd, Irvin M Modlin
BACKGROUND: Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) of the gastrointestinal (GI) system are increasing in incidence with minimal improvement in prognosis. Although the cell of origin has been identified as the enterochromaffin (EC) cell, its secretory and proliferative regulation has not been defined at a mechanistic level. To date, the BON cell line has been the most widely used in vitro EC cell model despite its pancreatic origin. Using whole-genome mathematical analysis as well as secretory and proliferative studies, we compared the BON cell line to the small intestine (SI) EC cell-derived NET cell line, KRJ-I, to assess individual cell line validity and applicability for the investigation of GI-NET disease...
2009: Neuroendocrinology
Shiva Reddy, Carlos Chun Ho Cheung, Ryan Chau Chia Chai, Jessica Astrid Rodrigues
The precise fate of beta cells and the presence of islet infiltrates after onset of type 1 diabetes have not yet been fully characterized. Recently we showed that in newly diabetic NOD mice an appreciable number of beta cells remain. This was also observed during the first 2 weeks of diabetes in NOD mice without treatment with insulin. However, the mean number of beta cells per unit islet cross-sectional area decreased with increasing duration of disease. In contrast, glucagon and somatostatin cell numbers showed an increase...
December 2008: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
W L Suarez-Pinzon, A Rabinovitch
In a previous study, we observed that combination therapy of nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice with epidermal growth factor (EGF) and gastrin partially restored pancreatic islet beta-cell mass and reversed hyperglycemia without the use of immunotherapy. Herein we have studied the effects of EGF plus gastrin on recurrent autoimmune responses in diabetic NOD mice transplanted with syngeneic islets. EGF (10 microg/kg) plus gastrin (30 microg/kg) given intraperitoneally (i.p.) once daily to diabetic NOD mice (blood glucose, 23 +/- 2 mmol/L) significantly prolonged the median survival time of NOD islet grafts to 60 days (n = 10 mice) measured as the days until hyperglycemia recurrence (blood glucose > or =12 mmol/L; versus EGF alone to 36 days (n = 10), or gastrin alone, 19 days (n = 10), or vehicle, 11 days (n = 9)...
March 2008: Transplantation Proceedings
Luc Bouwens
Beta cell replacement and regeneration therapies seem promising approaches to the treatment of insulin-dependent diabetes. The short supply in beta cells from cadaveric organ donors and the very low replication capacity of human beta cells have spurred efforts to find robust ways of (re-)generating beta cells in vitro and in vivo. In the pancreas, both the capacity of regeneration and the mechanism involved can differ significantly depending on the experimental model, as it has also been found in other organs like the liver...
February 2006: Current Diabetes Reviews
Wilma L Suarez-Pinzon, Yanhua Yan, Robert Power, Stephen J Brand, Alex Rabinovitch
Combination therapy with epidermal growth factor (EGF) and gastrin induces beta-cell regeneration in rodents with chemically induced diabetes. We investigated whether EGF plus gastrin could correct hyperglycemia in NOD mice with autoimmune diabetes. Combined treatment with EGF (1 mug/kg) and gastrin (3 mug/kg) for 2 weeks restored normoglycemia after diabetes onset in NOD mice, whereas EGF or gastrin alone did not. Fasting blood glucose remained normal (3.5-6.5 mmol/l) or mildly elevated (<11 mmol/l) in five of six mice (83%) for 10 weeks after EGF plus gastrin treatment was stopped, whereas all mice treated with vehicle or EGF or gastrin alone became severely hyperglycemic (12-35 mmol/l)...
September 2005: Diabetes
Wilma L Suarez-Pinzon, Jonathan R T Lakey, Stephen J Brand, Alex Rabinovitch
Pancreatic islet transplantation is a viable treatment for type 1 diabetes, but is limited by human donor tissue availability. The combination of epidermal growth factor (EGF) and gastrin induces islet beta-cell neogenesis from pancreatic exocrine duct cells in rodents. In this study we investigated whether EGF and gastrin could expand the beta-cell mass in adult human isolated islets that contain duct as well as endocrine cells. Human islet cells were cultured for 4 wk in serum-free medium (control) or in medium with EGF (0...
June 2005: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Stephen J Brand, Sven Tagerud, Philip Lambert, Sheila G Magil, Krystyna Tatarkiewicz, Kathryn Doiron, Yanhua Yan
Transgenic expression of gastrin and EGF receptor ligands stimulates islet neogenesis in adult mice, significantly increasing islet mass. The present study aimed to determine whether pharmacological treatment with gastrin and EGF can significantly stimulate beta-cell regeneration in chronic, severe insulin-dependent diabetes. Diabetes was induced by intravenous streptozotocin, resulting in >95% beta cell destruction. Four weeks later, blood glucose levels were restored to normal range by exogenous insulin therapy and rats were treated with EGF/gastrin in combination, gastrin alone, or EGF alone given subcutaneously...
December 2002: Pharmacology & Toxicology
Newton Alexander Chiang Shuek Wong, Massimo Pignatelli
An important role for beta-catenin pathways in colorectal carcinogenesis was first suggested by the protein's association with adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) protein, and by evidence of dysregulation of beta-catenin protein expression at all stages of the adenoma-carcinoma sequence. Recent studies have, however, shown that yet more components of colorectal carcinogenesis are linked to beta-catenin pathways. Pro-oncogenic factors that also release beta-catenin from the adherens complex and/or encourage translocation to the nucleus include ras, epidermal growth factor (EGF), c-erbB-2, PKC-betaII, MUC1, and PPAR-gamma, whereas anti-oncogenic factors that also inhibit nuclear beta-catenin signaling include transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta, retinoic acid, and vitamin D...
February 2002: American Journal of Pathology
J L Merchant, G R Iyer, B R Taylor, J R Kitchen, E R Mortensen, Z Wang, R J Flintoft, J B Michel, R Bassel-Duby
We have shown previously that a GC-rich element (GGGGCGGGGTGGGGGG) conferring epidermal growth factor (EGF) responsiveness to the human gastrin promoter binds Sp1 and additional undefined complexes. A rat GH4 cell line expression library was screened by using a multimer of the gastrin EGF response element, and three overlapping cDNA clones were identified. The full-length rat cDNA encoded an 89-kDa zinc finger protein (ZBP-89) that was 89% identical to a 49-kDa human factor, ht(beta), that binds a GTGGG/CACCC element in T-cell receptor promoters...
December 1996: Molecular and Cellular Biology
A Kruczynski, J Astruc, E Chazottes, R Kiss
The in vivo hormone sensitivity of three human NSCLCs grafted onto female nude mice (labelled KLX7, KLX9 and KLX14) was characterized on a dynamic level, i.e. on the level of both the macroscopic growth and the proliferative fraction (PF = percentage of cells in the S+G2+M Fractions). Two sets of experiments were performed. The first set showed the influence on the macroscopic growth of the NSCLC xenograft of castration performed either before or after tumor grafting. The second set showed the influence of a pulse of 6 different hormones or growth factors on the PF index magnitude recorded 36 h after their administration to the xenograft-bearing mice...
July 1993: Oncology
G S Baldwin, R H Whitehead
There is now clear-cut evidence that polypeptide growth factors control the proliferation of the normal gastrointestinal mucosa. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) stimulates normal growth throughout the gastrointestinal tract, and accelerates the healing of ulcerated epithelium. While the effects of gastrin were at first thought to be similarly widespread, the gastrin target now appears to be restricted to the enterochromaffin-like cells in the stomach. Isolated reports suggest that several other hormones, including fibroblast growth factor and the insulin-like growth factors, have similar proliferative effects...
January 1994: Baillière's Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
I Camby, I Salmon, S Rorive, T Gras, F Darro, A Kruczynski, A Danguy, J L Pasteels, R Kiss
The influence of five anti-hormone and/or anti-growth factor neutralizing antibodies on the in vitro proliferation of four human astrocytic tumor cell lines (U87, U138, U373, H4) is quantitatively described by means of a new tool which makes it possible to evaluate cell growth and cell clone architecture concomitantly. This tool relies upon the combined use of the digital cell image analyses of Feulgen-stained nuclei and the Delaunay and Voronoi mathematical triangulation and paving techniques. Of the five anti-hormone and/or anti-growth factors tested here, the anti-luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) antibody induced the most marked perturbation in the U138 and U373 cell lines, whereas this role was played by the anti-epidermal growth factor (EGF) antibody in the U87 and H4 cell lines...
1994: Journal of Neuro-oncology
R A Goodlad, A P Savage, W Lenton, M A Ghatei, H Gregory, S R Bloom, N A Wright
1. The objective of this study was to see whether another proliferative stimulus could modify the marked proliferative effect of human epidermal growth factor (urogastrone-epidermal growth factor, URO-EGF) on the gastrointestinal epithelium. 2. The response of the gastrointestinal tract to URO-EGF was investigated in rats maintained on total parenteral nutrition (TPN) with or without 75% small bowel resection. 3. Continuous infusion of 60 micrograms of recombinant beta-urogastrone/day per rat increased proliferation in the stomach by over four times (P less than 0...
August 1988: Clinical Science (1979-)
E Tahara
Multi-autocrine loops of the epidermal growth factor (EGF), transforming growth factor alpha (TGF alpha), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and TGF beta system are expressed in human gastrointestinal carcinomas. In esophageal and gastric carcinomas, they evidently play an important role in tumor progression. Gastrin, one of the major gut hormones, may also act as an autocrine growth factor for gastric and colonic carcinomas. The HST1 and INT-2 genes, belonging to the fibroblast growth factor gene family, are coamplified in approximately 50% of primary tumors and in all the metastatic tumors of esophageal carcinoma...
1990: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
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