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Gastrin AND EGF

Sina Bartfeld, Hans Clevers
Recently infection biologists have employed stem cell derived cultures to answer the need for new and better models to study host-pathogen interactions. Three cellular sources have been used: Embryonic stem cells (ESC), induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) or adult stem cells. Here, culture of mouse and human gastric organoids derived from adult stem cells is described and used for infection with the gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori. Human gastric glands are isolated from resection material, seeded in a basement matrix and embedded in medium containing growth factors epidermal growth factor (EGF), R-spondin, Noggin, Wnt, fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 10, gastrin and transforming growth factor (TGF) beta inhibitor...
2015: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Huayi Suo, Xia Feng, Kai Zhu, Cun Wang, Xin Zhao, Jianquan Kan
Shuidouchi (Natto) is a fermented soy product showing in vivo gastric injury preventive effects. The treatment effects of Shuidouchi fermented in different vessels on HCl/ethanol-induced gastric mucosal injury mice through their antioxidant effect was determined. Shuidouchi contained isoflavones (daidzein and genistein), and GVFS (glass vessel fermented Shuidouchi) had the highest isoflavone levels among Shuidouchi samples fermented in different vessels. After treatment with GVFS, the gastric mucosal injury was reduced as compared to the control mice...
2015: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Louis Buscail, Barbara Bournet, Marlène Dufresne, Jérôme Torrisani, Pierre Cordelier
The understanding of the biology of pancreatic carcinoma has greatly benefited from studies of genetic/epigenetic alterations and molecular expression in experimental models as well as precancerous and cancerous tissues by mean of molecular amplification and large-scale transcriptoma analysis. P16, TP53, DPC4/Smad4 tumor suppressor pathways are genetically inactivated in the majority of pancreatic carcinomas, whereas oncogenic k-ras is activated. The activating point mutation of the KRAS oncogene on codon 12 is the major event and occurs early in pancreatic carcinogenesis...
June 2015: Bulletin du Cancer
Zhou Fang, Linuo Zhou, Songmin Jiang, Lihuan Cao, Long Yu
BACKGROUND: UNC50 has long been recognized as a Golgi apparatus protein in yeast, and is involved in nicotinic receptor trafficking in Caenorhabditis elegans, but little is known about UNC50 gene function in human biology despite it being conserved from yeast to high eukaryotes. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the relation between UNC50 and human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and the potential mechanisms underlying HCC development. METHODS: UNC50 mRNA expression patterns in 12 HCC and adjacent non-cancerous tissues determined using northern blotting were confirmed by real-time PCR in another 44 paired tissues...
2015: PloS One
Grażyna Jurkowska, Grażyna Piotrowska-Staworko, Katarzyna Guzińska-Ustymowicz, Andrzej Kemona, Agnieszka Świdnicka-Siergiejko, Wiktor Łaszewicz, Andrzej Dąbrowski
PURPOSE: Increased expression of epidermal growth factor (EGF), its receptor (EGFR), and c-erb-B2 protein, which is homological with the EGF receptor, in gastric mucosa, may play a role in gastric carcinogenesis. We assessed if the infection and eradication of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) affects the gastric expression of growth factors and serum gastrin concentrations. PATIENTS/METHODS: We examined immunohistochemically gastric EGF and both receptors' expression in: gastric cancer (GC; n=29), chronic gastritis with H...
September 2014: Advances in Medical Sciences
Yi-Chun Chen, E Scott Colvin, Katherine E Griffin, Bernhard F Maier, Patrick T Fueger
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: EGF and gastrin co-administration reverses type 1 diabetes in rodent models. However, the failure of this to translate into a clinical treatment suggests that EGF-mediated tissue repair is a complicated process and warrants further investigation. Thus, we aimed to determine whether EGF receptor (EGFR) feedback inhibition by mitogen-inducible gene 6 protein (MIG6) limits the effectiveness of EGF therapy and promotes type 1 diabetes development. METHODS: We treated Mig6 (also known as Errfi1) haploinsufficient mice (Mig6 (+/-)) and their wild-type littermates (Mig6 (+/+)) with multiple low doses of streptozotocin (STZ), and monitored diabetes development via glucose homeostasis tests and histological analyses...
October 2014: Diabetologia
Gerardo M Castillo, Akiko Nishimoto-Ashfield, Aryamitra A Banerjee, Jennifer A Landolfi, Alexander V Lyubimov, Elijah M Bolotin
PURPOSE: Our objective was to develop novel nanocarriers (protected graft copolymer, PGC) that improve the stability of heparin binding EGF (HBEGF) and gastrin and then to use PGC-formulated HBEGF (PGC-HBEGF) and Omeprazole (+/- PGC-gastrin) for normalizing fasting blood glucose (FBG) and improving islet function in diabetic mice. METHODS: HBEGF, PGC-HBEGF, Omeprazole, Omeprazole + PGC-HBEGF, Omeprazole + PGC-gastrin + PGC-HBEGF and epidermal growth factor (EGF) + gastrin were tested in multiple low dose streptozotocin diabetic mice...
November 2013: Pharmaceutical Research
M Bai, D J Bornhop
Receptor-targeted optical imaging of cancer is emerging as an attractive strategy for early cancer diagnosis and surgical guidance. The success of such strategy depends largely upon the development of receptor-targeted fluorescent probes with high specificity and binding affinity to the target receptors. Recently, a host of such probes have been reported to target cancer-specific receptors, such as somatostatin receptors (SSTRs), integrin receptors, cholecystokinin-2 (CCK(2)) receptor, gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP) receptor, endothelin A (ET(A)) receptor, translocator protein (TSPO) receptor, epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor, folate receptor (FR), transferrin receptor (TFR), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptors, type I insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF1R), vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) receptors, urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) and estrogen receptor (ER)...
2012: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Miao Wang, Jeremy J Racine, Xiaoping Song, Xiaofan Li, Indu Nair, Hongjun Liu, Alina Avakian-Mansoorian, Heather F Johnston, Can Liu, Christine Shen, Mark Atkinson, Ivan Todorov, Fouad Kandeel, Stephen Forman, Brian Wilson, Defu Zeng
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) results from an autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing β cells. Currently, islet transplantation is the only curative therapy for late-stage T1D, but the beneficial effect is limited in its duration, even under chronic immunosuppression, because of the chronic graft rejection mediated by both auto- and alloimmunity. Clinical islet transplantation is also restricted by a severe shortage of donor islets. Induction of mixed chimerism reverses autoimmunity, eliminates insulitis, and reverses new-onset but not late-stage disease in the nonobese diabetic (NOD) mouse model of T1D...
May 9, 2012: Science Translational Medicine
T Brzozowski, A Ptak-Belowska, S Kwiecien, G Krzysiek-Maczka, M Strzalka, D Drozdowicz, R Pajdo, R Olszanecki, R Korbut, S J Konturek, W W Pawlik
The term cytoprotection pioneered by Robert and colleagues has been introduced to describe the remarkable ability of endogenous and exogenous prostaglandins (PGs) to prevent acute gastric hemorrhagic lesions induced by noxious stimuli such as ethanol, bile acids, hiperosmolar solutions and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents such as aspirin. Since that time many factors were implicated to possess gastroprotective properties such as growth factors including epidermal growth factor (EGF) and transforming factor alpha (TGFα), vasodilatory mediators such as nitric oxide (NO) and calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP) as well as appetite gut hormones including gastrin and cholecystokinin (CCK), leptin and recently ghrelin...
2012: Current Medicinal Chemistry
A S Tarnawski, A Ahluwalia
In this paper we reviewed and updated current views on the cellular and molecular mechanisms of gastric and esophageal ulcer healing. Gastric ulcer healing encompasses inflammation, cell proliferation, epithelial regeneration, gland reconstruction, formation of granulation tissue, neovascularization (new blood vessel formation), interactions between various cells and the matrix and tissue remodeling, resulting in scar formation. All these events are controlled by the cytokines and growth factors, GI hormones including gastrin, CCK, and orexigenic peptides such as ghrelin, orexin-A and obestatin as well as Cox2 generated prostaglandins...
2012: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Haiying Yu, Zhonghua Sun, Junsheng Cui, Guohua Song, Fuqing Wang, Fenglan Gao, Xiaobin Liu, Xinrui Wang, Jinsong Ni
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate whether combined epidermal growth factor (EGF) and gastrin can correct the hyperglycemia induced by streptozotocin (STZ) in rats and to determine the involvement of the transcription factor pancreatic and duodenal homeobox 1 (PDX1) in this process. METHODS: Rat diabetes was induced by intraperitoneal injection of STZ. The mRNA and protein levels of insulin and PDX1 were determined by real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry...
February 2012: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
Haiying Yu, Zhonghua Sun, Junsheng Cui, Guohua Song, Fuqing Wang, Fenglan Gao, Xiaobin Liu, Xinrui Wang, Jinsong Ni
INTRODUCTION:: The aim of this study was to investigate whether combined epidermal growth factor (EGF) and gastrin can correct the hyperglycemia induced by streptozotocin (STZ) in rats and to determine the involvement of the transcription factor pancreatic and duodenal homeobox 1 (PDX1) in this process. METHODS:: Rat diabetes was induced by intraperitoneal injection of STZ. The mRNA and protein levels of insulin and PDX1 were determined by real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry...
July 28, 2011: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
Terry W Moody, Veronica Sancho, Alessia di Florio, Bernardo Nuche-Berenguer, Samuel Mantey, Robert T Jensen
The effects of bombesin receptor subtype-3 (BRS-3) agonists were investigated on lung cancer cells. The BRS-3 agonist (DTyr(6), (Ala(11), Phe(13), Nle(14)) bombesin(6-14) (BA1), but not gastrin releasing peptide (GRP) or neuromedin B (NMB) increased significantly the clonal growth of NCI-H1299 cells stably transfected with BRS-3 (NCI-H1299-BRS-3). Also, BA1 addition to NCI-H727 or NCI-H1299-BRS-3 cells caused Tyr(1068) phosphorylation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). Similarly, (DTyr(6), R-Apa(11), Phe(13), Nle(14)) bombesin(6-14) (BA2) and (DTyr(6), R-Apa(11), 4-Cl,Phe(13), Nle(14)) bombesin(6-14) (BA3) but not gastrin releasing peptide (GRP) or neuromedin B (NMB) caused EGFR transactivation in NCI-H1299-BRS-3 cells...
August 2011: Peptides
Y Shirahige, C Cook, J Pinski, G Halmos, R Nair, A Schally
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of administration of LH-RH antagonist SB-75 and agonist [D-Trp(6)]LH-RH on receptors for epidermal growth factor (EGF) in OV-1063 human epithelial ovarian cancer. Female athymic nude mice bearing xenografts of OV-1063 human epithelial ovarian cancer were treated for 3 weeks with the modern LH-releasing hormone (LH-RH) antagonist [Ac-DNal(2)(1), D-Phe(4Cl)(2), D-Pal(3)(3), D-Cit(6), D-Ala(10)] LH-RH (SB-75, Cetrorelix), the agonist [D-Trp(6)]LH-RH, or bombesin/gastrin-releasing peptide antagonist RC-3095...
November 1994: International Journal of Oncology
A Kruczynski, P Yeaton, F Darro, I Camby, C Deprez, J Martinez, J Pasteels, R Kiss
A new tool is described which makes it possible to evaluate directly the influence of various growth factors on in vitro neoplastic cell growth on the one hand and to look at a concept of differentiation in terms of population dynamics, on the other. This tool relies upon the digital cell image analyses of Feulgen-stained nuclei and the mathematical method of Voronoi paving. This technique enabled us to characterize the influence on the proliferation and the differentiation of the HCT-15 and LoVo colorectal cell lines of anti-gastrin (G), anti-estradiol (E(2)), anti-epidermal growth factor (EGF), anti-luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH), and anti-transforming growth factor alpha (TGF alpha) and beta (TGF beta) antibodies...
March 1996: International Journal of Oncology
Hsing-Jien Kung
Tyrosine kinases play significant roles in tumor progression and therapy resistance. Inhibitors of tyrosine kinases are on the forefront of targeted therapy. For prostate cancer, tyrosine kinases play an additional role in the development of castration-resistant disease state, the most troubling aspect of prostate cancinogenesis which presently defies any effective treatment. Among the 30 or so tyrosine kinases expressed in a typical prostate cancer cell, nearly one third of them have been implicated in prostate carcinogenesis...
February 2011: Hormones & Cancer
Yinfei Yin, Anna M Grabowska, Philip A Clarke, Elisabeth Whelband, Karen Robinson, Richard H Argent, Amanda Tobias, Rajendra Kumari, John C Atherton, Susan A Watson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) infection is a major risk factor in the development of distal gastric adenocarcinoma. Development of the invasive phenotype is associated with the phenomenon of epithelial:mesenchymal transition (EMT). Soluble heparin-binding epidermal growth factor (HB-EGF) has been implicated in this process. A study was undertaken to investigate the possibility that matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-7 is upregulated in H pylori infection as a result of hypergastrinaemia, which may enhance shedding of HB-EGF and contribute towards EMT in gastric adenocarcinoma cell lines...
August 2010: Gut
Myriam Solar, Carina Cardalda, Isabelle Houbracken, Mercè Martín, Miguel Angel Maestro, Nele De Medts, Xiaobo Xu, Vanessa Grau, Harry Heimberg, Luc Bouwens, Jorge Ferrer
A longstanding unsettled question is whether pancreatic beta cells originate from exocrine duct cells. We have now used genetic labeling to fate map embryonic and adult pancreatic duct cells. We show that Hnf1beta+ cells of the trunk compartment of the early branching pancreas are precursors of acinar, duct, and endocrine lineages. Hnf1beta+ cells subsequent form the embryonic duct epithelium, which gives rise to both ductal and endocrine lineages, but not to acinar cells. By the end of gestation, the fate of Hnf1beta+ duct cells is further restrained...
December 2009: Developmental Cell
Celia Chao, Kirk Ives, Helen L Hellmich, Courtney M Townsend, Mark R Hellmich
BACKGROUND: Breast cancers aberrantly express gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP) hormone and its cognate receptor, gastrin-releasing peptide receptor (GRP-R). Experimental evidence suggests that bombesin (BBS), the pharmacological homologue of GRP, promotes breast cancer growth and progression. The contribution of GRP-R to other poor prognostic indicators in breast cancer, such as the expression of the EGF-R family of growth factors and hormone insensitivity, is unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two estrogen receptor (ER)-negative breast cancer cell lines were used...
September 2009: Journal of Surgical Research
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