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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538925/diet-and-body-fat-in-adolescence-and-early-adulthood-a-systematic-review-of-longitudinal-studies
#1
Bruna Celestino Schneider, Samuel Carvalho Dumith, Silvana Paiva Orlandi, Maria Cecília Formoso Assunção
Adipose tissue is a vital component of the human body, but in excess, it represents a risk to health. According to the World Health Organization, one of the main factors determining excessive body adiposity is the dietary habit. This systematic review investigated longitudinal studies that assessed the association between diet and body fat in adolescents and young adults. Twenty-one relevant papers published between 2001 and 2015 were selected. The most used method for estimating body fat was the body mass index (15 studies)...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532659/two-year-healthy-eating-outcomes-an-rct-in-afterschool-programs
#2
Michael W Beets, R Glenn Weaver, Gabrielle Turner-McGrievy, Jennifer Huberty, Justin B Moore, Dianne S Ward, Darcy A Freedman, Aaron Beighle
INTRODUCTION: Across the U.S., afterschool programs (ASPs, 3:00pm-6:00pm) are trying to achieve nationally endorsed nutrition standards (Healthy Eating Standards) calling for fruits/vegetables and water to be served every day, while eliminating sugar-sweetened beverages and foods. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the 2-year changes in the types of foods and beverages served during a community-based intervention designed to achieve the Healthy Eating Standards. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized delayed treatment trial with an immediate (1-year baseline and 2-year intervention) or delayed (2-year baseline and 1-year intervention) group...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532472/an-audit-of-food-and-beverage-advertising-on-the-sydney-metropolitan-train-network-regulation-and-policy-implications
#3
Emma Sainsbury, Stephen Colagiuri, Roger Magnusson
BACKGROUND: Increased marketing of energy-dense, nutrient-poor foods has been identified as a driver of the global obesity epidemic and a priority area for preventative efforts. Local and international research has focused on the unhealthiness of television advertising, with limited research into the growing outdoor advertising industry. This study aimed to examine the extent of food and beverage advertising on the Sydney metropolitan train network, and to assess the nutritional quality of advertised products against the Australian Guide to Healthy Eating...
May 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531776/the-nutritional-value-of-food-service-meals-ordered-by-hospitalized-children
#4
Jeannie S Huang, Stanford Chun, Christopher Cheung, Linda Poon, Laura Terrones
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: US hospitals routinely provide food to hospitalized children. The nutritional content of provided foods has not been evaluated. We performed our study to examine meal orders of hospitalized youth and determine whether the nutritional contents of ordered meals meet dietary guidelines. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional evaluation among hospitalized youth ≥1 y receiving all nutritional intake by mouth and not on a clear liquid diet. Meal orders from hospitalized youth were analyzed for nutritional content...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525992/water-and-beverage-consumption-patterns-among-4-to-13-year-old-children-in-the-united-kingdom
#5
Florent Vieux, Matthieu Maillot, Florence Constant, Adam Drewnowski
BACKGROUND: The UK government has announced a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages. The aim of this study was to assess consumption patterns for plain drinking water relative to sugary beverages among UK children. METHODS: Dietary intake data for 845 children aged 4-13 years came from the nationally representative cross-sectional National Diet and Nutrition Survey, 2008-2011. Beverage categories were drinking water (tap or bottled), milk, 100% fruit juices, soda, fruit drinks, tea, coffee, sports drinks, flavored waters, and liquid supplements...
May 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521334/lifestyle-recommendations-for-the-prevention-and-management-of-metabolic-syndrome-an-international-panel-recommendation
#6
Pablo Pérez-Martínez, Dimitri P Mikhailidis, Vasilios G Athyros, Mónica Bullo, Patrick Couture, María I Covas, Lawrence de Koning, Javier Delgado-Lista, Andrés Díaz-López, Christian A Drevon, Ramón Estruch, Katherine Esposito, Montserrat Fitó, Marta Garaulet, Dario Giugliano, Antonio García-Ríos, Niki Katsiki, Genovefa Kolovou, Benoît Lamarche, Maria Ida Maiorino, Guillermo Mena-Sánchez, Araceli Muñoz-Garach, Dragana Nikolic, José M Ordovás, Francisco Pérez-Jiménez, Manfredi Rizzo, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Helmut Schröder, Francisco J Tinahones, Rafael de la Torre, Ben van Ommen, Suzan Wopereis, Emilio Ros, José López-Miranda
The importance of metabolic syndrome (MetS) lies in its associated risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes, as well as other harmful conditions such as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. In this report, the available scientific evidence on the associations between lifestyle changes and MetS and its components is reviewed to derive recommendations for MetS prevention and management. Weight loss through an energy-restricted diet together with increased energy expenditure through physical activity contribute to the prevention and treatment of MetS...
May 1, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520716/expected-population-weight-and-diabetes-impact-of-the-1-peso-per-litre-tax-to-sugar-sweetened-beverages-in-mexico
#7
Tonatiuh Barrientos-Gutierrez, Rodrigo Zepeda-Tello, Eliane R Rodrigues, Arantxa Colchero-Aragonés, Rosalba Rojas-Martínez, Eduardo Lazcano-Ponce, Mauricio Hernández-Ávila, Juan Rivera-Dommarco, Rafael Meza
STUDY QUESTION: What effect on body mass index, obesity and diabetes can we expect from the 1-peso-per-litre tax to sugar sweetened beverages in Mexico? METHODS: Using recently published estimates of the reductions in beverage purchases due to the tax, we modelled its expected long-term impacts on body mass index (BMI), obesity and diabetes. Microsimulations based on a nationally representative dataset were used to estimate the impact of the tax on BMI and obesity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517028/aic-identifies-optimal-representation-of-longitudinal-dietary-variables
#8
John VanBuren, Joseph Cavanaugh, Teresa Marshall, John Warren, Steven M Levy
OBJECTIVES: The Akaike Information Criterion (AIC) is a well-known tool for variable selection in multivariable modeling as well as a tool to help identify the optimal representation of explanatory variables. However, it has been discussed infrequently in the dental literature. The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the use of AIC in determining the optimal representation of dietary variables in a longitudinal dental study. METHODS: The Iowa Fluoride Study enrolled children at birth and dental examinations were conducted at ages 5, 9, 13, and 17...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508580/37%C3%A2-year-snacking-trends-for-us-children-1977-2014
#9
E K Dunford, B M Popkin
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have indicated that snacking is contributing to increased calorie intake of American children and that the energy density of snacks in US diets has increased in recent decades. OBJECTIVE: Examine short-term and long-term trends in the energy density and food sources of snacks for US children from 1977 to 2014, and examine whether trends differ between socio-demographic groups. METHODS: We used data collected from eight nationally representative surveys of food intake in 49,952 US children age 2-18 years, between 1977 and 2014...
May 15, 2017: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507017/erratum-for-rippe-the-metabolic-and-endocrine-response-and-health-implications-of-consuming-sugar-sweetened-beverages-findings-from-recent-randomized-controlled-trials-adv-nutr-2013-4-677-86
#10
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501066/taxing-sugary-beverages-reduces-their-purchase-especially-among-poor-households
#11
Astha Singhal, Shilpi Joshi
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Beverage purchases from stores in Mexico under the excise tax on sugar sweetened beverages: observational study. Colchera MA, Popkin BM, Rivera JA, Ng SW. Br Med J 2016;352:h6704. SOURCE OF FUNDING: Bloomberg Philanthropies, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública and Carolina Population Center. TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Observational study.
June 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498741/growing-momentum-for-sugar-sweetened-beverage-campaigns-and-policies-costs-and-considerations
#12
Jennifer Falbe, Kristine Madsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495478/determinants-of-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-low-income-children-are%C3%A2-there-differences-by-race-ethnicity-age-and-sex
#13
Natasha Tasevska, Derek DeLia, Cori Lorts, Michael Yedidia, Punam Ohri-Vachaspati
BACKGROUND: Understanding determinants of high consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), a highly prevalent obesogenic behavior, will help build effective customized public health interventions. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to identify child and parent lifestyle and household demographic factors predictive of high SSB consumption frequency in children from low-income, ethnically diverse communities that may help inform public health interventions. DESIGN: We used a cross-sectional telephone household survey...
May 8, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489290/obesity-a-chronic-relapsing-progressive-disease-process-a-position-statement-of-the-world-obesity-federation
#14
EDITORIAL
G A Bray, K K Kim, J P H Wilding
This paper considers the argument for obesity as a chronic relapsing disease process. Obesity is viewed from an epidemiological model, with an agent affecting the host and producing disease. Food is the primary agent, particularly foods that are high in energy density such as fat, or in sugar-sweetened beverages. An abundance of food, low physical activity and several other environmental factors interact with the genetic susceptibility of the host to produce positive energy balance. The majority of this excess energy is stored as fat in enlarged, and often more numerous fat cells, but some lipid may infiltrate other organs such as the liver (ectopic fat)...
May 10, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487248/associations-between-selected-dietary-behaviours-and-academic-achievement-a-study-of-australian-school-aged-children
#15
Tracy Burrows, Sharni Goldman, Richard K Olson, Brian Byrne, William L Coventry
BACKGROUND: Research investigating the effects of dietary behaviours on children's academic achievement has predominately focused on breakfast consumption. The aim of this study was to conduct secondary analysis to examine associations between a range of dietary behaviours and children's academic achievement. METHODOLOGY: Data on five dietary variables (fruit intake; vegetable intake; consumption of takeaway; sugar sweetened beverages; and breakfast) and scores in the five domains of a standardised academic achievement test known as NAPLAN (reading, writing, grammar/punctuation, spelling and numeracy) were obtained for Australian children aged 8-15 years in school grades three (n = 1185), five (n = 1147), seven (n = 1053) and nine (n = 860)...
May 6, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487104/sugar-sweetened-beverages-consumption-is-associated-with-abdominal-obesity-risk-in-diabetic-patients
#16
Razieh Anari, Reza Amani, Masoud Veissi
AIM: Sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs) are any beverages containing added-sugar and supposed to increase body lipogenesis and fat accumulation in healthy subjects. This study was performed to assess the possible association between SSBs consumption and obesity in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) patients. METHODS: T2DM adults with no insulin treatment entered the study. Abdominal obesity and general adiposity were determined using waist circumference (WC) and body mass index (BMI), respectively...
April 28, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485266/energy-contribution-of-sugar-sweetened-beverage-refills-at-fast-food-restaurants
#17
Andrew Breck, Jonathan H Cantor, Brian Elbel
OBJECTIVE: To identify demographic and consumer characteristics associated with refilling a soft drink at fast-food restaurants and the estimated energy content and volume of those refills. DESIGN: Logistic and linear regression with cross-sectional survey data. SETTING: Data include fast-food restaurant receipts and consumer surveys collected from restaurants in New York City (all boroughs except Staten Island), and Newark and Jersey City, New Jersey, during 2013 and 2014...
May 9, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483584/changes-in-diet-from-age-10-to-14-years-and-prospective-associations-with-school-lunch-choice
#18
Eleanor M Winpenny, Kirsten L Corder, Andy Jones, Gina L Ambrosini, Martin White, Esther M F van Sluijs
BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence on how diet changes over the transition from primary to secondary school. In this study we investigated changes in diet from age 10 (2007) to age 14 years (2011) and the contribution of school-time consumption and school lunch choice to such changes. METHODS: The 351 participants with dietary data (4 day food record) available at baseline (age 10 years) and follow-up (age 14 years) were included. Multi-level regression models were fitted for absolute or change in food and nutrient intake, cross-classified by primary and secondary school attended as appropriate, with adjustment for covariates and mis-reporting...
May 5, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483048/the-association-between-diabetes-mellitus-sugar-sweetened-beverages-and-tooth-loss-in-adults-evidence-from-18-states
#19
R Constance Wiener, Chan Shen, Patricia A Findley, Usha Sambamoorthi, Xi Tan
BACKGROUND: Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are dietary sources of sugar that are factors in caries development and tooth loss. Dietary sugar also is linked to diabetes mellitus (DM). There is limited research related to SSBs and tooth loss in people with DM. The authors investigated the association between SSBs and tooth loss as it related to the presence or absence of DM. METHODS: The authors used a cross-sectional design with data reported by adults (18 years and older) who responded to the 2012 Behavior Risk Factor Surveillance System questionnaire, which was used in 18 states (N = 95,897; 14,043 who had DM and 81,854 who did not have DM)...
May 5, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475738/appetite-for-health-related-food-taxes-new-zealand-stakeholder-views
#20
Louise N Signal, Carolyn Watts, Celia Murphy, Helen Eyles, Cliona Ni Mhurchu
There is increasing discussion globally of the value of health-related food taxes and subsidies to address obesity and noncommunicable diseases. In order for such policies to be successful it is important to understand the positions of key stakeholders. This research investigated New Zealand (NZ) stakeholders' views on the feasibility and acceptability of selected health-related food taxes and subsidies over the next 5 to 10 years. Twenty semi-structured interviews were undertaken by telephone from November 2014 to May 2015...
May 5, 2017: Health Promotion International
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