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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438036/enhancing-periconceptional-health-by-targeting-postpartum-mothers-at-rural-wic-clinics
#1
Jini E Puma, Darcy Thompson, Katherine Baer, Matthew A Haemer, Kevin Gilbert, Michael Hambidge, Nancy F Krebs
The overall goal of this pilot quality improvement (QI) intervention was to (1) assess the feasibility of making a WIC (Women, Infants, and Children) systems-level change that added measurement of maternal weight and discussion of maternal health habits into each postpartum maternal and offspring visit in rural clinics in Colorado and (2) assess the impacts of the intervention on maternal diet, physical activity, and weight status. A mixed-method evaluation approach was used involving the collection of quantitative data (HeartSmartMoms usage reports, manual WIC chart reviews [to calculate screening rates], pre-/postsurveys, and weight status [body mass index]) and qualitative data (focus groups and project team meeting minutes)...
April 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434193/mediators-of-socioeconomic-differences-in-adiposity-among-youth-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
M K Gebremariam, N Lien, R A Nianogo, O A Arah
BACKGROUND: Youth with a low socioeconomic position in developed countries are at a disproportionately higher risk of being overweight or obese than their counterparts. Tackling these inequalities requires that the mechanisms behind them are well understood. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to summarize existing evidence regarding the factors that mediate or contribute to the explanation of the relationship between socioeconomic position and adiposity among youth...
April 23, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428347/sugar-sweetened-and-artificially-sweetened-beverages-in-relation-to-stroke-and-dementia-are-soft-drinks-hard-on-the-brain
#3
EDITORIAL
Heike Wersching, Hannah Gardener, Ralph L Sacco
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428346/sugar-and-artificially-sweetened-beverages-and-the-risks-of-incident-stroke-and-dementia-a-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Matthew P Pase, Jayandra J Himali, Alexa S Beiser, Hugo J Aparicio, Claudia L Satizabal, Ramachandran S Vasan, Sudha Seshadri, Paul F Jacques
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Sugar- and artificially-sweetened beverage intake have been linked to cardiometabolic risk factors, which increase the risk of cerebrovascular disease and dementia. We examined whether sugar- or artificially sweetened beverage consumption was associated with the prospective risks of incident stroke or dementia in the community-based Framingham Heart Study Offspring cohort. METHODS: We studied 2888 participants aged >45 years for incident stroke (mean age 62 [SD, 9] years; 45% men) and 1484 participants aged >60 years for incident dementia (mean age 69 [SD, 6] years; 46% men)...
April 20, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426298/mass-media-campaign-to-reduce-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-in-a-rural-area-of-the-united-states
#5
Thomas A Farley, Hayli S Halper, Anne M Carlin, Karen M Emmerson, Kelly N Foster, Angela R Fertig
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate a mass media campaign to reduce the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). METHODS: We disseminated messages emphasizing the health risks of SSBs through television, digital channels, and local organizations over 15 weeks in 2015-2016 in the Tri-Cities region of northeast Tennessee, southwest Virginia, and southeast Kentucky. We evaluated the campaign with pre- and post-telephone surveys of adults aged 18 to 45 years in the intervention area and by examining changes in beverage sales in the intervention and a matched comparison area in western Virginia...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424188/nutritional-profile-of-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-household-food-and-beverage-purchases
#6
Anna H Grummon, Lindsey Smith Taillie
Background: The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), which is the largest federal nutrition assistance program in the United States, serves nearly 1 of 7 Americans. To date, few studies have examined food and beverage purchase behaviors in SNAP participants with the use of electronic purchase data.Objective: In this cross-sectional study, we examined household store purchases of key food, beverage, and nutrient groups in SNAP participants and nonparticipants.Design: Using a data set of US households' (n = 98,256 household-by-quarter observations) packaged food and beverage purchases and SNAP status [current participant, income-eligible nonparticipant (income ≤130% of the Federal Poverty Level [FPL]), and higher-income nonparticipants (income >130% of the FPL)] from 3 quarters during 2012-2013, we estimated pooled ordinary least-squares models, clustered at the household level, to examine the association between SNAP status and purchases while controlling for sociodemographic characteristics...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422123/role-of-lifestyle-factors-in-the-epidemic-of-diabetes-lessons-learnt-from-india
#7
REVIEW
M Deepa, R M Anjana, V Mohan
The prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is increasing steadily globally with the largest increases occurring in developing countries like India. This is attributed to the changes in the lifestyle factors, including physical inactivity and unhealthy diet, both of which are modifiable. Existing evidence suggests that increasing physical activity reduces the risk of T2D. Improving the built environment can make it more conducive to people to increase physical activity. There is also a rapid nutrition transition with consumption of diets with higher intake of refined grains, higher fat, increased consumption of sugar and sweetened beverages, and lower intake of fruits and vegetables...
April 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422119/current-lifestyle-factors-that-increase-risk-of-t2dm-in-china
#8
REVIEW
N Zhang, S M Du, G S Ma
The Report on the Status of Nutrition and Chronic Diseases of Chinese residents (2015) indicated that the prevalence of diabetes was 9.7% among adults aged ⩾18 years, which markedly increased from 2.6% in 2002 within 10 years. In addition to the social economic factors, transitions in food consumption, behavioral and lifestyle playing the important roles in the fast increase of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In 2010-2012, the cereal food consumption of Chinese residents was 337 g/d, vegetables consumption 269 g/d, fruit consumption 41 g/d, legume and legume products 11 g/d, dairy and dairy products consumption 25 g/d, meat consumption 90 g/d, edible oil consumption 42 g/d and dietary fiber 10...
April 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420538/the-impact-on-productivity-of-a-hypothetical-tax-on-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#9
Takeshi Nomaguchi, Michelle Cunich, Belen Zapata-Diomedi, J Lennert Veerman
OBJECTIVES: To quantify the potential impact of an additional 20% tax on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) on productivity in Australia. METHODS: We used a multi-state lifetable Markov model to examine the potential impact of an additional 20% tax on SSBs on total lifetime productivity in the paid and unpaid sectors of the economy. The study population consisted of Australians aged 20 years or older in 2010, whose health and other relevant outcomes were modelled over their remaining lifetime...
April 7, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420091/dietary-sugars-and-endogenous-formation-of-advanced-glycation-endproducts-emerging-mechanisms-of-disease
#10
REVIEW
Manuela Aragno, Raffaella Mastrocola
The rapid increase in metabolic diseases, which occurred in the last three decades in both industrialized and developing countries, has been related to the rise in sugar-added foods and sweetened beverages consumption. An emerging topic in the pathogenesis of metabolic diseases related to modern nutrition is the role of Advanced Glycation Endproducts (AGEs). AGEs can be ingested with high temperature processed foods, but also endogenously formed as a consequence of a high dietary sugar intake. Animal models of high sugar consumption, in particular fructose, have reported AGE accumulation in different tissues in association with peripheral insulin resistance and lipid metabolism alterations...
April 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419108/changes-in-prices-sales-consumer-spending-and-beverage-consumption-one-year-after-a-tax-on-sugar-sweetened-beverages-in-berkeley-california-us-a-before-and-after-study
#11
Lynn D Silver, Shu Wen Ng, Suzanne Ryan-Ibarra, Lindsey Smith Taillie, Marta Induni, Donna R Miles, Jennifer M Poti, Barry M Popkin
BACKGROUND: Taxes on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) meant to improve health and raise revenue are being adopted, yet evaluation is scarce. This study examines the association of the first penny per ounce SSB excise tax in the United States, in Berkeley, California, with beverage prices, sales, store revenue/consumer spending, and usual beverage intake. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Methods included comparison of pre-taxation (before 1 January 2015) and first-year post-taxation (1 March 2015-29 February 2016) measures of (1) beverage prices at 26 Berkeley stores; (2) point-of-sale scanner data on 15...
April 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415920/what-can-the-food-and-drink-industry-do-to-help-achieve-the-5-free-sugars-goal
#12
Sigrid Gibson, Margaret Ashwell, Jenny Arthur, Lindsey Bagley, Alison Lennox, Peter J Rogers, Sara Stanner
AIMS: To contribute evidence and make recommendations to assist in achieving free sugars reduction, with due consideration to the broader picture of weight management and dietary quality. METHODS: An expert workshop in July 2016 addressed options outlined in the Public Health England report 'Sugar reduction: The evidence for action' that related directly to the food industry. Panel members contributed expertise in food technology, public heath nutrition, marketing, communications, psychology and behaviour...
April 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413165/applying-multi-theory-model-mtm-of-health-behavior-change-to-predict-water-consumption-instead-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#13
Manoj Sharma, Hannah Priest Catalano, Vinayak K Nahar, Vimala C Lingam, Paul Johnson, M Allison Ford
BACKGROUND: A substantial proportion of college students to not drink enough water and consume sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). Consumption of SSBs is associated with weight gain, obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, dental carries, and increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Hence, the purpose of this study was to use the multi-theory model (MTM) in predicting initiation and sustenance of plain water consumption instead of sugar-sweetened beverages among college students. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
February 25, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408372/effects-of-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-on-microvascular-and-macrovascular-function-in-a-healthy-population
#14
Jordan Loader, Cindy Meziat, Rani Watts, Christian Lorenzen, Dominique Sigaudo-Roussel, Simon Stewart, Cyril Reboul, Gregory Meyer, Guillaume Walther
OBJECTIVE: To assess vascular function during acute hyperglycemia induced by commercial sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption and its effect on underlying mechanisms of the nitric oxide pathway. APPROACH AND RESULTS: In a randomized, single-blind, crossover trial, 12 healthy male participants consumed 600 mL (20 oz.) of water or a commercial SSB across 2 visits. Endothelial and vascular smooth muscle functions were assessed in the microcirculation using laser speckle contrast imaging coupled with iontophoresis and in the macrocirculation using brachial artery ultrasound with flow- and nitrate-mediated dilation...
April 13, 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402535/sugar-and-artificially-sweetened-beverages-linked-to-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Darin Ruanpeng, Charat Thongprayoon, Wisit Cheungpasitporn, Tasma Harindhanavudhi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Artificial sweeteners are used widely to replace caloric sugar as one of the strategies to lessen caloric intake. However, the association between the risk of obesity and artificially-sweetened soda consumption is controversial. The objective of this meta-analysis aimed to assess the association between consumption of sugar and artificially-sweetened soda and obesity. METHODS: A literature search was performed using MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials from inception through May 2015...
April 11, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399881/the-influence-of-parental-practices-on-child-promotive-and-preventive-food-consumption-behaviors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Andrew Z H Yee, May O Lwin, Shirley S Ho
BACKGROUND: The family is an important social context where children learn and adopt eating behaviors. Specifically, parents play the role of health promoters, role models, and educators in the lives of children, influencing their food cognitions and choices. This study attempts to systematically review empirical studies examining the influence of parents on child food consumption behavior in two contexts: one promotive in nature (e.g., healthy food), and the other preventive in nature (e...
April 11, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397016/food-groups-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#17
Lukas Schwingshackl, Georg Hoffmann, Anna-Maria Lampousi, Sven Knüppel, Khalid Iqbal, Carolina Schwedhelm, Angela Bechthold, Sabrina Schlesinger, Heiner Boeing
The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to synthesize the knowledge about the relation between intake of 12 major food groups and risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D). We conducted a systematic search in PubMed, Embase, Medline (Ovid), Cochrane Central, and Google Scholar for prospective studies investigating the association between whole grains, refined grains, vegetables, fruits, nuts, legumes, eggs, dairy, fish, red meat, processed meat, and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) on risk of T2D. Summary relative risks were estimated using a random effects model by contrasting categories, and for linear and non-linear dose-response relationships...
April 10, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393871/long-term-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverage-during-the-growth-period-promotes-social-aggression-in-adult-mice-with-proinflammatory-responses-in-the-brain
#18
Jung-Yun Choi, Mi-Na Park, Chong-Su Kim, Young-Kwan Lee, Eun Young Choi, Woo Young Chun, Dong-Mi Shin
Overconsumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) is known to be a key contributor to the obesity epidemic; however, its effects on behavioral changes are yet to be fully studied. In the present study, we examined the long-term effects of SSB on social aggression in mice. Three-week-old weaned mice started to drink either a 30 w/v% sucrose solution (S30), plain water (CT), or an aspartame solution with sweetness equivalent to the sucrose solution (A30) and continued to drink until they were 11-week-old adults...
April 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393097/short-and-sweet-associations-between-self-reported-sleep-duration-and-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-adults-in-the-united-states
#19
Aric A Prather, Cindy Leung, Nancy E Adler, Lorrene Ritchie, Barbara Laraia, Elissa S Epel
OBJECTIVES: Sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs) are a major factor in the development of obesity and cardiometabolic disease. Shortened sleep duration has also been linked to increased appetite and obesity. Here, we examined whether there was an association between self-reported sleep duration and SSB consumption among adults aged 18 years and older. METHODS: Using data from 2005-12 NHANES we examined self- reported sleep duration and beverage intake (types of SSBs, juice, water, coffee, tea) from two 24-hour dietary recalls among 18,779 adults...
December 2016: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392253/ethical-imperatives-against-item-restriction-in-the-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program
#20
Benjamin W Chrisinger
The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly known as food stamps) is the federal government's largest form of food assistance, and a frequent focus of political and scholarly debate. Previous discourse in the public health community and recent proposals in state legislatures have suggested limiting the use of SNAP benefits on unhealthy food items, such as sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). This paper identifies two possible underlying motivations for item restriction, health and morals, and analyzes the level of empirical support for claims about the current state of the program, as well as expectations about how item restriction would change participant outcomes...
April 7, 2017: Preventive Medicine
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