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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048553/are-preschoolers-meeting-the-mark-comparing-the-dietary-activity-and-sleep-behaviors-of-preschoolers-with-obesity-to-national-recommendations
#1
Cathleen Odar Stough, Mary Beth McCullough, Shannon L Robson, Christopher Bolling, Stephanie Spear Filigno, Jessica C Kichler, Cynthia Zion, Lisa M Clifford, Stacey L Simon, Richard F Ittenbach, Lori J Stark
Objective: National health organizations and expert committees have issued recommendations for health behaviors related to obesity risk. Behavioral and family-based weight management interventions for preschoolers often target improving adherence to these recommendations, but it is unknown how the health behaviors of preschoolers with obesity enrolled in weight control treatments (WCTs) compare with these guidelines. In this study, the dietary intake, activity, and sleep behaviors of preschoolers with obesity enrolled in a family-based behavioral WCT are described and compared with national health behavior recommendations...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046327/time-trends-of-dietary-and-lifestyle-factors-and-their-potential-impact-on-diabetes-burden-in-china
#2
Yanping Li, Dong D Wang, Sylvia H Ley, Malik Vasanti, Annie Green Howard, Yuna He, Frank B Hu
OBJECTIVE: To examine the secular trends in risk factors, estimate their impact on type 2 diabetes burden from 1991 to 2011, and project trends in the next 20 years. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Risk factor distributions were based on data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey 1991-2011. Diabetes cases attributable to all nonoptimal levels of each risk factor were estimated by applying the comparative risk assessment method. RESULTS: In 2011, high BMI was the leading individual attributable factor for diabetes cases in China responsible for 43...
October 18, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040685/a-pooled-analysis-of-dietary-sugar-carbohydrate-intake-and-esophageal-and-gastric-cardia-adenocarcinoma-incidence-and-survival-in-the-usa
#3
Nan Li, Jessica L Petrick, Susan E Steck, Patrick T Bradshaw, Kathleen M McClain, Nicole M Niehoff, Lawrence S Engel, Nicholas J Shaheen, Harvey A Risch, Thomas L Vaughan, Anna H Wu, Marilie D Gammon
Background: During the past 40 years, esophageal/gastric cardia adenocarcinoma (EA/GCA) incidence increased in Westernized countries, but survival remained low. A parallel increase in sugar intake, which may facilitate carcinogenesis by promoting hyperglycaemia, led us to examine sugar/carbohydrate intake in association with EA/GCA incidence and survival. Methods: We pooled 500 EA cases, 529 GCA cases and 2027 controls from two US population-based case-control studies with cases followed for vital status...
September 23, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039970/food-groups-and-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease-stroke-and-heart-failure-a-systematic-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#4
Angela Bechthold, Heiner Boeing, Carolina Schwedhelm, Georg Hoffmann, Sven Knüppel, Khalid Iqbal, Stefaan De Henauw, Nathalie Michels, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Sabrina Schlesinger, Lukas Schwingshackl
BACKGROUND: Despite growing evidence for food-based dietary patterns' potential to reduce cardiovascular disease risk, knowledge about the amounts of food associated with the greatest change in risk of specific cardiovascular outcomes and about the quality of meta-evidence is limited.Therefore, the aim of this meta-analysis was to synthesize the knowledge about the relation between intake of 12 major food groups (whole grains, refined grains, vegetables, fruit, nuts, legumes, eggs, dairy, fish, red meat, processed meat, and sugar-sweetened beverages [SSB]) and the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke and heart failure (HF)...
October 17, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038317/change-in-non-alcoholic-beverage-sales-following-a-10-pence-levy-on-sugar-sweetened-beverages-within-a-national-chain-of-restaurants-in-the-uk-interrupted-time-series-analysis-of-a-natural-experiment
#5
Laura Cornelsen, Oliver T Mytton, Jean Adams, Antonio Gasparrini, Dalia Iskander, Cecile Knai, Mark Petticrew, Courtney Scott, Richard Smith, Claire Thompson, Martin White, Steven Cummins
BACKGROUND: This study evaluates changes in sales of non-alcoholic beverages in Jamie's Italian, a national chain of commercial restaurants in the UK, following the introduction of a £0.10 per-beverage levy on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and supporting activity including beverage menu redesign, new products and establishment of a children's health fund from levy proceeds. METHODS: We used an interrupted time series design to quantify changes in sales of non-alcoholic beverages 12 weeks and 6 months after implementation of the levy, using itemised electronic point of sale data...
November 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032715/frequent-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-and-sweets-starts-at-early-age
#6
Marja-Liisa Laitala, Miira M Vehkalahti, Jorma I Virtanen
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the habitual consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and sweets in relation to mothers' behaviours and practices with their infants. METHODS: We targeted mothers with children 1-24 months (N = 200) visiting Public Child Health clinics in Finland. During routine visits mothers (N = 179) volunteered to complete a self-administered anonymous questionnaire about their child's health-related behaviours (consumption of sweets and SSBs, tooth brushing frequency)...
October 16, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032629/consumption-of-commercially-produced-snack-foods-and-sugar-sweetened-beverages-during-the-complementary-feeding-period-in-four-african-and-asian-urban-contexts
#7
Alissa M Pries, Sandra L Huffman, Mary Champeny, Indu Adhikary, Margaret Benjamin, Aminata Ndeye Coly, El Hadji Issakha Diop, Khin Mengkheang, Ndèye Yaga Sy, Shrid Dhungel, Alison Feeley, Bineti Vitta, Elizabeth Zehner
The availability and consumption of commercially produced foods and beverages have increased across low-income and middle-income countries. This cross-sectional survey assessed consumption of commercially produced foods and beverages among children 6-23 months of age, and mothers' exposure to promotions for these products. Health facility-based interviews were conducted among 218 randomly sampled mothers utilizing child health services in Dakar, Senegal; 229 in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania; 228 in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal; and 222 in Phnom Penh, Cambodia...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023158/healthy-families-a-family-based-community-intervention-to-address-childhood-obesity
#8
Danae Dinkel, Melissa Tibbits, Emily Hanigan, Kelly Nielsen, Leah Jorgensen, Kay Grant
The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of Healthy Families, a family-based community intervention, in improving the knowledge, self-efficacy, and health behaviors of overweight/obese children and their families as well as to explore the lessons learned. Results showed families who completed the program had significant improvements for children and parents in areas such as nutrition knowledge and self-efficacy in making healthy eating choices as well as participating in physical activity...
October 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021899/reliability-of-self-report-measures-of-correlates-of-obesity-related-behaviours-in-hong-kong-adolescents-for-the-ihealt-h-and-ipen-adolescent-studies
#9
Ester Cerin, Cindy H P Sit, Anthony Barnett, Wendy Y J Huang, Gemma Y Gao, Stephen H S Wong, James F Sallis
BACKGROUND: This study examined the reliability of measures of correlates of dietary behaviours (DBs), physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) for Hong Kong adolescents. METHOD: Individual, social and environmental correlates of obesity-related behaviours were assessed twice, 15-27 days apart (average 20 days), via self-administered questionnaires. These questionnaire included measures of decisional balance, self-efficacy, enjoyment and social support related to intake of fruits, vegetables, high-fat foods and sugar-sweetened beverages, PA behaviour and SB...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019789/mexican-cohort-study-predates-but-predicts-the-type-of-body-composition-changes-expected-from-the-mexican-sugar-sweetened-beverage-tax
#10
Barry M Popkin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017906/clustering-of-multiple-energy-balance-related-behaviors-is-associated-with-body-fat-composition-indicators-in-adolescents-results-from-the-helena-and-elana-studies
#11
Naiara Ferraz Moreira, Gloria Valeria da Veiga, Alba María Santaliestra-Pasías, Odysseas Androutsos, Magdalena Cuenca-García, Alessandra Silva Dias de Oliveira, Rosangela Alves Pereira, Anelise Bezerra de Vasconcelos de Moraes, Karen Van den Bussche, Laura Censi, Marcela González-Gross, David Cañada, Frederic Gottrand, Anthony Kafatos, Ascensión Marcos, Kurt Widhalm, Dénes Mólnar, Luis Alberto Moreno
The objective of this study was to identify clustering patterns of four energy balance-related behaviors (EBRB): television (TV) watching, moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA), consumption of fruits and vegetables (F&V), and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB), among European and Brazilian adolescents. EBRB associations with different body fat composition indicators were then evaluated. Participants included adolescents from eight European countries in the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescents) study (n = 2,057, 53...
October 7, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016117/formation-of-polyphenol-denatured-protein-flocs-in-alcohol-beverages-sweetened-with-refined-cane-sugars
#12
Gillian Eggleston, Alexa Triplett
The sporadic appearance of floc from refined, white cane sugars in alcohol beverages remains a technical problem for both beverage manufacturers and sugar refiners. Cane invert sugars mixed with 60% pure alcohol and water, increased light scattering by up to ~1000-fold. Insoluble and soluble starch, fat, inorganic ash, oligosaccharides, Brix, and pH were not involved in the prevailing floc formation mechanism. Strong polynomial correlations existed between the haze floc and indicator values I.V. (color at 420 nm pH 9...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994511/relationships-of-family-conflict-cohesion-and-chaos-in-the-home-environment-on-maternal-and-child-food-related-behaviours
#13
Jennifer Martin-Biggers, Virginia Quick, Man Zhang, Yanhong Jin, Carol Byrd-Bredbenner
This study examined how food-related behaviours differed in mothers and their preschool children by levels of family functioning (cohesion and conflict) and household disorganization (chaos). A nationally representative sample of mothers of preschoolers completed an online survey assessing food-related behaviours of themselves and their children. Maternal and child diet, eating behaviours, and health status; household availability of fruits/vegetables, salty/fatty snacks, and sugar-sweetened beverages; family mealtime atmosphere; and family conflict, cohesion, and household chaos were assessed with valid, reliable scales...
October 10, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988839/trends-in-fast-food-and-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-and-their-association-with-social-environmental-status-in-south-korea
#14
Hyunjung Lim, Hae Jeoung Lee, Ryowon Choue, Youfa Wang
BACKGROUND: As South Korea has enjoyed rapid economic development, Koreans' diet, particularly consumption of fast food (FF) and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), has changed. OBJECTIVE: To examine time trends in FF and SSB consumption and their associations with social environmental status (SEnS) in South Korea. DESIGN: Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES) were a series of population-based cross-sectional surveys...
October 4, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972537/divergent-effects-of-glucose-and-fructose-on-hepatic-lipogenesis-and-insulin-signaling
#15
Samir Softic, Manoj K Gupta, Guo-Xiao Wang, Shiho Fujisaka, Brian T O'Neill, Tata Nageswara Rao, Jennifer Willoughby, Carole Harbison, Kevin Fitzgerald, Olga Ilkayeva, Christopher B Newgard, David E Cohen, C Ronald Kahn
Overconsumption of high-fat diet (HFD) and sugar-sweetened beverages are risk factors for developing obesity, insulin resistance, and fatty liver disease. Here we have dissected mechanisms underlying this association using mice fed either chow or HFD with or without fructose- or glucose-supplemented water. In chow-fed mice, there was no major physiological difference between fructose and glucose supplementation. On the other hand, mice on HFD supplemented with fructose developed more pronounced obesity, glucose intolerance, and hepatomegaly as compared to glucose-supplemented HFD mice, despite similar caloric intake...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965176/influence-of-rice-pea-and-oat-proteins-in-attenuating-glycemic-response-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#16
Sze-Yen Tan, Phei Ching Siow, Elaine Peh, Christiani Jeyakumar Henry
PURPOSE: Liquids have higher ingestion and gastric-emptying rates, resulting in rapid glycemic response. They are also less satiating than solid foods. This study examined if the addition of plant proteins alter postprandial glucose, insulin, triglycerides, glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP), glycogen-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and appetitive responses to a sugar-sweetened beverage. METHODS: This was a randomized, crossover acute feeding study consisting of four treatments: chocolate beverage alone (50 g carbohydrate), or added with 24 g oat, pea or rice proteins...
September 30, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962606/cross-sectional-and-prospective-mediating-effects-of-dietary-intake-on-the-relationship-between-sedentary-behaviour-and-body-mass-index-in-adolescents
#17
Elly A Fletcher, Karen E Lamb, Sarah A McNaughton, Sarah P Garnett, David W Dunstan, Louise A Baur, Jo Salmon
BACKGROUND: Cross-sectional evidence suggests TV viewing, but not objectively-measured sedentary time or bouts of sedentary time, is consistently associated with body mass index (BMI) in adolescents. However, it is unclear whether dietary intake is a potential mediator of these relationships. The aim of this study was to explore the cross-sectional and prospective mediating effects of dietary intake on the association of sedentary behaviour with BMI z-score (zBMI) in a cohort of Australian adolescents...
September 29, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960843/intakes-and-sources-of-total-and-added-sugars-among-4-to-13-year-old-children-in-china-mexico-and-the-united-states
#18
M C Afeiche, B N S Koyratty, D Wang, E F Jacquier, K-A Lê
BACKGROUND: Intakes of dietary sugars is a global concern, and many national and international organizations have set targets to limit consumption. However, it is unclear to what extent intakes of total and added sugars vary between geographies. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the differences in intakes of total and added sugars in 4 to 13-year-old children in China, Mexico and the United States. The secondary aim was to identify main sources of total and added sugars in the diets of these children...
September 27, 2017: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956823/sugar-and-intense-sweetened-drinks-in-australia-a-systematic-review-on-cardiometabolic-risk
#19
REVIEW
Erin Hoare, Pia Varsamis, Neville Owen, David W Dunstan, Garry L Jennings, Bronwyn A Kingwell
Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are consumed globally, and have been associated with adverse health outcomes, including weight gain, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes (T2D), and cardiovascular disease (CVD). There is global variation in beverage formulation in terms of glucose and fructose concentration, which may pose unique health risks linked to glycemic control for Australian consumers. However, previous systematic reviews have overlooked Australian-based literature. A systematic review was performed to synthesise evidence for the associations between consumption of SSBs and intense-sweetened beverages with clinical cardiometabolic risk factors in the Australian population...
September 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955704/busting-the-baby-teeth-myth-and-increasing-children-s-consumption-of-tap-water-building-public-will-for-children-s-oral-health-in-colorado
#20
Wyatt C Hornsby, William Bailey, Patricia A Braun, Karl Weiss, James Heichelbech
QUESTION: Can a multifaceted statewide communications campaign motivate behavior change in low-income Colorado families to limit children's fruit juice consumption and increase children's consumption of tap water to prevent tooth decay? PURPOSE: Caries is the most common chronic disease of childhood, affecting 40% of kindergartners and 55% of third graders in Colorado. Frequent consumption of 100% fruit juice is linked to childhood caries. The purpose of this campaign, "Cavities Get Around," was to motivate families to limit children's fruit juice consumption and increase consumption of tap water to protect baby teeth from caries, while also building public will for children's oral health...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
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