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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820455/beverage-intake-among-children-associations-with-parent-and-home-related-factors
#1
Arwa Zahid, Cynthia Davey, Marla Reicks
Beverage intake can influence child diet quality in a positive or negative manner depending on the beverage type and amounts consumed. Parenting practices such as role modeling and control of home beverage availability have been associated with child beverage intake, whereas examination of the influence of parental beverage nutrition knowledge has been more limited. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between sugar-sweetened and dairy beverage intake among children (9-12 years) and home and parental factors...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818486/implementation-of-media-production-activities-in%C3%A2-an-intervention-designed-to-reduce-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake-among-adults
#2
Kathleen J Porter, Yvonnes Chen, Hannah G Lane, Jamie M Zoellner
OBJECTIVE: To inform the implementation of media production activities with adult populations by describing the construction of counter-advertisements (counter-ads) within a behavioral intervention. METHODS: SIPsmartERparticipants could create 2 types of counter ads during the intervention's media literacy lesson. Participants (n = 40) were from rural southwestern Virginia. Most were female (85%) and white (93%), and 28% were low health literate. Descriptive statistics and Fisher exact tests were used to compare completion rates, content, techniques used, and persuasive intent with counter ad type and health literacy status...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818413/transactions-at-a-northeastern-supermarket-chain-differences-by-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-use
#3
Rebecca L Franckle, Alyssa Moran, Tao Hou, Dan Blue, Julie Greene, Anne N Thorndike, Michele Polacsek, Eric B Rimm
INTRODUCTION: Although one in seven Americans receives Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits, little is known about how these benefits for food are spent because individual-level sales data are not publicly available. The purpose of this study is to compare transactions made with and without SNAP benefits at a large regional supermarket chain. METHODS: Sales data were obtained from a large supermarket chain in the Northeastern U.S. for a period of 2 years (April 2012-April 2014)...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818241/prevalence-of-modifiable-cancer-risk-factors-among-u-s-adults-aged-18-44-years
#4
Mary C White, Meredith L Shoemaker, Sohyun Park, Linda J Neff, Susan A Carlson, David R Brown, Dafna Kanny
INTRODUCTION: Carcinogen exposure and unhealthy habits acquired in young adulthood can set the stage for the development of cancer at older ages. This study measured the current prevalence of several cancer risk factors among young adults to assess opportunities to intervene to change the prevalence of these risk factors and potentially reduce cancer incidence. METHODS: Using 2015 National Health Interview Survey data (analyzed in 2016), the prevalence of potential cancer risk factors was estimated among U...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805073/do-you-know-what-your-kids-are-drinking-evaluation-of-a-media-campaign-to-reduce-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#5
Amy Bleakley, Amy Jordan, Giridhar Mallya, Michael Hennessy, Jessica Taylor Piotrowski
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates a citywide media campaign that targeted reducing sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption as a strategy for addressing obesity. DESIGN: Rolling cross-sectional survey data, collected before and during the media campaign, with 1367 parents to assess exposure to and effect of a televised public service advertisement (TV PSA) developed using a reasoned action approach. SETTING: Televised public service advertisement campaign created by the Philadelphia Department of Public Health and disseminated on cable television channels within the Philadelphia market...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804786/health-impact-assessment-of-the-uk-soft-drinks-industry-levy-a-comparative-risk-assessment-modelling-study
#6
Adam D M Briggs, Oliver T Mytton, Ariane Kehlbacher, Richard Tiffin, Ahmed Elhussein, Mike Rayner, Susan A Jebb, Tony Blakely, Peter Scarborough
BACKGROUND: In March, 2016, the UK Government proposed a tiered levy on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs; high tax for drinks with >8 g of sugar per 100 mL, moderate tax for 5-8 g, and no tax for <5 g). We estimate the effect of possible industry responses to the levy on obesity, diabetes, and dental caries. METHODS: We modelled three possible industry responses: reformulation to reduce sugar concentration, an increase of product price, and a change of the market share of high-sugar, mid-sugar, and low-sugar drinks...
January 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803868/integration-of-sweet-taste-and-metabolism-determines-carbohydrate-reward
#7
Maria Geraldine Veldhuizen, Richard Keith Babbs, Barkha Patel, Wambura Fobbs, Nils B Kroemer, Elizabeth Garcia, Martin R Yeomans, Dana M Small
Post-ingestive signals related to nutrient metabolism are thought to be the primary drivers of reinforcement potency of energy sources. Here, in a series of neuroimaging and indirect calorimetry human studies, we examine the relative roles of caloric load and perceived sweetness in driving metabolic, perceptual, and brain responses to sugared beverages. Whereas caloric load was manipulated using the tasteless carbohydrate maltodextrin, sweetness levels were manipulated using the non-nutritive sweetener sucralose...
August 2, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803573/the-school-environment-and-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-guatemalan-adolescents
#8
Katelyn M Godin, Violeta Chacón, Joaquin Barnoya, Scott T Leatherdale
OBJECTIVE: The current study sought to examine Guatemalan adolescents' consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB), identify which individual-level characteristics are associated with SSB consumption and describe school characteristics that may influence students' SSB consumption. DESIGN: Within this observational pilot study, a questionnaire was used to assess students' consumption of three varieties of SSB (soft drinks, energy drinks, sweetened coffees/teas), as well as a variety of sociodemographic and behavioural characteristics...
August 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789721/sociodemographic-lifestyle-and-behavioural-factors-associated-with-consumption-of-sweetened-beverages-among-adults-in-cambridgeshire-uk-the-fenland-study
#9
Peter Barrett, Fumiaki Imamura, Søren Brage, Simon J Griffin, Nicholas J Wareham, Nita G Forouhi
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify sociodemographic, lifestyle and behavioural determinants of consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) and artificially sweetened beverages (ASB) among adults in Cambridgeshire, UK. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data were obtained from a cohort of 9991 adults born between 1950 and 1975. An FFQ was used to assess consumption of beverages and other dietary factors. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine potential determinants of consuming SSB and ASB (≥1 serving/d)...
August 9, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774355/funding-quality-pre-kindergarten-slots-with-philadelphia-s-new-sugary-drink-tax-simulating-effects-of-using-an-excise-tax-to-address-a-social-determinant-of-health
#10
Brent A Langellier, Félice Lê-Scherban, Jonathan Purtle
OBJECTIVE: Philadelphia passed a 1·5-cent-per-ounce sweetened beverage tax (SBT). Revenue will fund 10 000 quality pre-kindergarten slots for poor children. It is imperative to understand how revenue from SBT can be used to fund programmes to address education and other social determinants of health. The objective of the present study was to simulate quality pre-kindergarten attendance, educational achievement and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption among Philadelphia children and adolescents under six intervention scenarios: (i) no intervention; (ii) 10 000 additional quality pre-kindergarten slots; (iii) a 1·5-cent-per-ounce SBT; (iv) expanded pre-kindergarten and 1·5-cent-per-ounce SBT; (v) a 3-cent-per-ounce SBT; and (vi) expanded pre-kindergarten and 3-cent-per-ounce SBT...
August 4, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772105/transient-endothelial-dysfunction-induced-by-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-may-be-attenuated-by-a-single-bout-of-aerobic-exercise
#11
Pia Varsamis, Guillaume Walther, Bianca Share, Frances Taylor, Simon Stewart, Christian Lorenzen, Jordan Loader
BACKGROUND: This study assessed whether aerobic exercise would attenuate microvascular endothelial dysfunction induced by commercial sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption. METHODS: Eleven healthy males participated in this randomized, single-blind crossover study. Cutaneous microvascular endothelial function was assessed using laser speckle contrast imaging coupled with post-occlusive reactive hyperemia before and after a) consumption of water; b) consumption of a commercial SSB; c) 30min of aerobic exercise followed by water consumption; and d) 30 minutes of aerobic exercise followed by SSB consumption...
July 31, 2017: Microvascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764755/-the-university-should-promote-health-but-not-enforce-it-opinions-and-attitudes-about-the-regulation-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-in-a-university-setting
#12
Elly Howse, Becky Freeman, Jason H Y Wu, Kieron Rooney
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to determine the opinions and attitudes of a university population regarding the regulation of sugar-sweetened beverages in a university setting, primarily looking at differences in opinion between younger adults (under 30 years of age) and older adults (30 years of age or older). METHODS: An online survey was conducted at an Australian university in April-May 2016 using a convenience sample of students and staff between the ages of 16 and 84 years...
August 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762780/applications-of-prebiotics-in-food-industry-a-review
#13
Vinti Singla, S Chakkaravarthi
Benefits of prebiotics for stimulating a healthy intestinal tract are well known. From suppression of pathogens to proliferation of indigenous bacteria of intestines, prebiotics have it all. Since the research on the scope of prebiotics is expanding, new applications are coming up every day thus upgrading the choices consumer has for a healthy living. Incorporation of prebiotics in a wide range of products that food industry offers on shelf is an innovative way to replace fat and sugars along with enhancing the mouthfeel by providing better tongue lubrication...
January 1, 2017: Food Science and Technology International, Ciencia y Tecnología de Los Alimentos Internacional
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761448/relationship-of-sodium-intake-with-obesity-among-iranian-children-and-adolescents
#14
Nahid Rafie, Noushin Mohammadifard, Alireza Khosravi, Awat Feizi, Sayyed Morteza Safavi
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence suggests a relationship between sodium (Na) intake and obesity risk. The aim of this study was to investigate the link between 24-hour (24-h) urinary Na excretion and adiposity measures in a sample of Iranian children and adolescents. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed among 374 healthy individuals aged 11-18 years old. Random cluster sampling method was used to select the participants from 4 districts in Isfahan, Iran...
January 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760797/sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-correlates-and-interventions-among-australian-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-communities-a-scoping-review-protocol
#15
Jodie C Avery, Jacqueline A Bowden, Joanne Dono, Odette R Gibson, Aimee Brownbill, Wendy Keech, David Roder, Caroline L Miller
INTRODUCTION: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities of Australia experience poorer health outcomes in the areas of overweight and obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Contributing to this burden of disease in the Australian community generally and in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities, is the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). We have described a protocol for a review to systematically scope articles that document use of SSBs and interventions to reduce their consumption with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people...
July 31, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749436/disparities-in-snacking-trends-in-us-adults-over-a-35-year-period-from-1977-to-2012
#16
Elizabeth K Dunford, Barry M Popkin
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have indicated that snacking is contributing to increased calories in the American diet, and that the contribution of snacks to energy intake has increased in recent decades. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to examine trends in the energy intake deriving from snacks and food sources of snacks for US adults over 35 years from 1977 to 2012, and whether these trends differ across sociodemographic groups. METHODS: Participants included 74,291 US adults aged ≥19 years who participated in the 1977-1978 Nationwide Food Consumption Survey (NFCS); the 1989-1991 Continuing Survey of Food Intake by Individuals (CSFII), the 1994-1996 CSFII, the 1997-1998 CSFII, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2004, NHANES 2005-2006, NHANES 2009-2010 and NHANES 2011-2012; all surveys are a stratified random sample of the total civilian, non-institutionalized US population...
July 27, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742239/a-scoping-review-of-skills-and-tools-oral-health-professionals-need-to-engage-children-and-parents-in-dietary-changes-to-prevent-childhood-obesity-and-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#17
Lisa F Mallonee, Linda D Boyd, Cynthia Stegeman
OBJECTIVES: Increased consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has been linked to obesity. Obesity now affects one in six children in the United States. The purpose of this scoping review is to identify and review published studies that discuss skills and tools oral health professionals can use with children (under age 12) and their parents to encourage dietary changes to aid in preventing childhood obesity and reducing consumption of SSBs. METHODS: Key search terms were identified and used to examine selected databases via PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741904/prevention-of-childhood-obesity-and-food-policies-in-latin-america-from-research-to-practice
#18
R Pérez-Escamilla, C K Lutter, C Rabadan-Diehl, A Rubinstein, A Calvillo, C Corvalán, C Batis, E Jacoby, S Vorkoper, L Kline, E Ewart-Pierce, J A Rivera
BACKGROUND: Addressing childhood obesity in Latin America requires a package of multisectoral, evidence-based policies that enable environments conducive to healthy lifestyles. OBJECTIVE: Identify and examine key elements to translating research into effective obesity policies in Latin America. METHODS: We examined obesity prevention policies through case studies developed with an expert in the specific policy. Policies were selected based on their level of implementation, visibility and potential impact to reduce childhood obesity...
July 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731385/kids-sip-smarter-a-feasibility-study-to-reduce-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-middle-school-youth-in-central-appalachia
#19
Hannah Lane, Kathleen J Porter, Erin Hecht, Priscilla Harris, Vivica Kraak, Jamie Zoellner
PURPOSE: To test the feasibility of Kids SIP smartER, a school-based intervention to reduce consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). DESIGN: Matched-contact randomized crossover study with mixed-methods analysis. SETTING: One middle school in rural, Appalachian Virginia. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-four sixth and seventh graders (5 classrooms) received Kids SIP smartER in random order over 2 intervention periods. Feasibility outcomes were assessed among 2 teachers...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730841/effectiveness-of-a-worksite-intervention-for-male-construction-workers-on-dietary-and-physical-activity-behaviors-body-mass-index-and-health-outcomes-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Laura Viester, Evert A L M Verhagen, Paulien M Bongers, Allard J van der Beek
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of an individually tailored intervention for improvement in lifestyle behavior, health indicators, and prevention and reduction of overweight among construction workers. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Various blue-collar departments of a large construction company in the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: Blue-collar workers randomized to an intervention (n = 162) or a control group (n = 152)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
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