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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074617/soft-drink-intake-and-the-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Aditya Narain, Chun Shing Kwok, Mamas A Mamas
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether consumption of sugar- or artificially sweetened beverages is independently associated with the development of metabolic syndrome. A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to evaluate whether soft drink consumption is associated with the development of metabolic syndrome. METHODS: Medline and EMBASE were searched in November 2015 for studies which considered soft drink (sugar-sweetened beverage [SSB] and artificially sweetened beverage [ASB]) intake and risk of metabolic syndrome...
January 10, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073617/district-policies-and-practices-vary-in-their-association-with-adolescents-consumption-of-milk-and-100-fruit-juice
#2
Sarah A Sliwa, Gabrielle F Miller, Nancy D Brener, Sohyun Park, Caitlin L Merlo
PURPOSE: Researchers previously examined the relationship between school beverage policies and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption. This study addressed a research gap by examining cross-sectional associations between district-level policies and practices and U.S. high school students' consumption of milk and 100% fruit juice. METHODS: Data from the 2012 School Health Policies and Practices Study and 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System were linked for 12 large urban school districts...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070314/calories-and-sugars-in-boba-milk-tea-implications-for-obesity-risk-in-asian-pacific-islanders
#3
Jae Eun Min, David B Green, Loan Kim
In the last several decades, obesity rates have reached epidemic proportions, and increases the risk for a host of comorbidities, including diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and certain kinds of cancers. Boba milk tea, first became popular in the 1990s throughout Asia, and has gained more popularity in the United States and in Europe since 2000. Currently, available nutrition data from online sites suggest this beverage contains high amounts of sugar and fat. One published nutrition study suggests that boba tea drinks are part of the larger group of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) because these beverages are usually sweetened with high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS)...
January 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061789/comparison-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-dietary-intakes-among-javanese-surinamese-and-south-asian-surinamese-in-the-netherlands-the-helius-study
#4
Qaisar Raza, Marieke B Snijder, Jacob C Seidell, Ron J G Peters, Mary Nicolaou
BACKGROUND: Ethnic differences regarding the percent of non-communicable diseases have been shown in Asia but the studies on Asian subgroups living in the western countries regarding percent of cardiovascular risk factors and dietary intakes have been scarce. Therefore we compared the percent of cardiovascular risk factors and dietary intakes between Javanese Surinamese who are originally from Indonesia and South-Asian Surinamese who are originally from India. METHODS: Cross-sectional baseline data of the HELIUS (Healthy Life in an Urban Setting) study were used, including data of 2935 Surinamese participants (197 of Javanese and 2738 of South-Asian origin) out of which 1160 participants (78 Javanese and 1082 South-Asian) additionally reported dietary intake data...
January 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054966/postprandial-glycemic-and-insulinemic-responses-to-common-breakfast-beverages-consumed-with-a-standard-meal-in-adults-who-are-overweight-and-obese
#5
Jia Li, Elsa Janle, Wayne W Campbell
Breakfast beverages with different nutrient compositions may affect postprandial glycemic control differently. We assessed the effects of consuming (1) common breakfast beverages (water, sugar-sweetened coffee, reduced-energy orange juice (OJ), and low-fat milk (LFM)); and (2) fat-free, low-fat, and whole milk with breakfast on postprandial plasma glucose and insulin responses in adults who were overweight/obese. Forty-six subjects (33F/13M, body mass index: 32.5 ± 0.7 kg/m², age: 50 ± 1 years, mean ± SEMs) consumed a standard sandwich with one of the six beverages on separate mornings in randomized order...
January 4, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039204/sugar-sweetened-beverages-and-vascular-function-food-for-thought
#6
Keshav Gopal, John R Ussher
N/A.
December 30, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036055/do-not-let-them-eat-cake-correlation-of-food-consumption-patterns-among-rural-primary-school-children-from-welfare-and-non-welfare-households
#7
Daniel Terry, Kaye Ervin, Erin Soutter, Renata Spiller, Nicole Dalle Nogare, Andrew John Hamilton
Physical and financial access impacts food choice and consumption, while educational attainment, employment, income, gender, and socioeconomic status are also influential. Within this context, the aim of the paper is to examine the association between various foods consumed and eating patterns of children between low and higher income households. A paper-based survey was completed by parents/carers of children in 41 primary schools in rural and regional areas of Victoria. Data collected included demographics and the consumption of fruit, vegetable, and other foods including drinks...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028319/an-educational-intervention-to-promote-healthy-lifestyles-in-preschool-children-a-cluster-rct
#8
M Iaia, M Pasini, A Burnazzi, P Vitali, E Allara, M Farneti
OBJECTIVE: Promoting 4 healthy behaviours among preschool children: ⩾4 servings of fruit and vegetables/day, ⩾2 h/day of active play, ⩽1 hour/day of TV-watching and 0 sugar sweetened beverages/day. METHODS: We conducted a c-RCT on 425 three-year-old children at 16 childcare centres based in Cesena, Italy. We randomly allocated 8 childcare centres (199 children) to the intervention group and 8 childcare centres (226 children) to the control group. All the randomized childcare centres completed our study protocol...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028036/reduced-islet-function-contributes-to-impaired-glucose-homeostasis-in-fructose-fed-mice
#9
Zeenat A Asghar, Andrew Cusumano, Zihan Yan, Maria S Remedi, Kelle H Moley
Increased sugar consumption, particularly fructose, in the form of sweetened beverages and sweeteners in our diet adversely affects metabolic health. Because these effects are associated with features of the metabolic syndrome in humans, the direct effect of fructose on pancreatic islet function is unknown. We therefore examined the islet phenotype of mice fed excess fructose. Fructose-fed mice exhibited fasting hyperglycemia and glucose intolerance, but not hyperinsulinemia, dyslipidemia, or hyperuricemia...
December 27, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027215/complementary-feeding-a-position-paper-by-the-european-society-for-paediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-espghan-committee-on-nutrition
#10
Mary Fewtrell, Jiri Bronsky, Cristina Campoy, Magnus Domellöf, Nicholas Embleton, Nataša Fidler Mis, Iva Hojsak, Jessie M Hulst, Flavia Indrio, Alexandre Lapillonne, Christian Molgaard
: This position paper considers different aspects of complementary feeding (CF), focussing on healthy term infants in Europe. After reviewing current knowledge and practices, we have formulated these recommendations: Timing: Exclusive or full breast-feeding should be promoted for at least 4 months (17 weeks, beginning of the 5th month of life) and exclusive or predominant breast-feeding for approximately 6 months (26 weeks, beginning of the 7th month) is a desirable goal. Complementary foods (solids and liquids other than breast milk or infant formula) should not be introduced before 4 months but should not be delayed beyond 6 months...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025538/the-impact-of-health-literacy-status-on-the-comparative-validity-and-sensitivity-of-an-interactive-multimedia-beverage-intake-questionnaire
#11
Lucy P Hooper, Emily A Myers, Jamie M Zoellner, Brenda M Davy, Valisa E Hedrick
Self-reported dietary assessment methods can be challenging to validate, and reporting errors for those with lower health literacy (HL) may be augmented. Interactive multimedia (IMM) based questionnaires could help overcome these limitations. The objectives of this investigation are to assess the comparative validity and sensitivity to change of an IMM beverage intake questionnaire (IMM-BEVQ) as compared to dietary recalls and determine the impact of HL. Adults completed three 24-h dietary recalls and the IMM-BEVQ at baseline and after a six-month intervention targeting either sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) or physical activity...
December 23, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000468/a-randomized-control-trial-for-reduction-of-caloric-and-non-caloric-sweetened-beverages-in-young-adults-effects-in-weight-body-composition-and-blood-pressure
#12
Marisela Vázquez-Durán, Arturo Orea-Tejeda, Lilia Castillo-Martínez, Ángeles Cano-García, Laura Téllez-Olvera, Candace Keirns-Davis
INTRODUCTION: Recently has been documented that the consumption of sweetened non-caloric beverages has increased as an option to weight control, however randomized control trials have demonstrated a modest weight loss. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of reducing consumption of beverage with caloric and non-caloric sweeteners on weight, body composition and blood pressure in young Mexican adults. METHODS: In an experimental study 148 nursing students were randomly assigned to one of 3 groups: 1) no sweetened beverages were permitted, only plain water, tea or coffee without sugar; 2) consumption of beverages with non-caloric sweeteners was allowed; and 3) no restriction of sweetened beverages was imposed...
November 29, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999339/association-between-plain-water-and-sugar-sweetened-beverages-and-total-energy-intake-among-mexican-school-age-children
#13
Teresa Shamah-Levy, Claudia Gabriela García-Chávez, Sonia Rodríguez-Ramírez
Water consumption promotes a decrease in total diet energy intake, and one explanation for this fact is the replacement of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) by plain water (PW). The objective of this study was to analyze the association between SSB and PW consumption as a part of the total energy intake. Dietary information was obtained by one 24 h recall of 2536 school-age children who participated in the National Nutrition Survey in Mexico. PW and SSB consumption was measured in mL and servings (240 mL), and consumption was stratified into two levels (<2 and ≥2 servings/day)...
December 18, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988942/young-healthy-south-asians-have-enhanced-lipogenic-sensitivity-to-dietary-sugar
#14
Lisa C Hudgins, Jonathan L Hugo, Samim Enayat, Thomas S Parker, Amanda S Artis, Daniel M Levine
OBJECTIVE: South Asians have higher rates of Type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease compared to most other racial/ethnic groups. Increased hepatic de novo lipogenesis (DNL) in response to dietary sugar may accelerate the development of these chronic diseases in this population. STUDY DESIGN: Hepatic DNL in response to a calorically sweetened beverage was measured in an outpatient setting in 15 South Asians and 15 Caucasians with similar and normal body mass indexes, waist circumferences, glucose tolerance and lipid profiles...
December 17, 2016: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988020/united-states-adolescents-television-computer-videogame-smartphone-and-tablet-use-associations-with-sugary-drinks-sleep-physical-activity-and-obesity
#15
Erica L Kenney, Steven L Gortmaker
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the relationships between youth use of television (TV) and other screen devices, including smartphones and tablets, and obesity risk factors. STUDY DESIGN: TV and other screen device use, including smartphones, tablets, computers, and/or videogames, was self-reported by a nationally representative, cross-sectional sample of 24 800 US high school students (2013-2015 Youth Risk Behavior Surveys). Students also reported on health behaviors including sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake, physical activity, sleep, and weight and height...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983573/trends-in-consumption-of-solid-fats-added-sugars-sodium-sugar-sweetened-beverages-and-fruit-from-fast-food-restaurants-and-by-fast-food-restaurant-type-among-us-children-2003-2010
#16
Colin D Rehm, Adam Drewnowski
Energy intakes from fast food restaurants (FFRs) have declined among US children. Less is known about the corresponding trends for FFR-sourced solid fats, added sugars, and sodium, and food groups of interest, such as fruit and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). Using data from a single 24-h dietary recall among 12,378 children aged 4-19 years from four consecutive cycles of the nationally-representative National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2003-2010 a custom algorithm segmented FFRs into burger, pizza, sandwich, Mexican cuisine, chicken, Asian cuisine, fish restaurants, and coffee shops...
December 13, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974061/diet-in-saudi-arabia-findings-from-a-nationally-representative-survey
#17
Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Charbel El Bcheraoui, Ashkan Afshin, Farah Daoud, Mohammad A AlMazroa, Mohammad Al Saeedi, Mohammed Basulaiman, Ziad A Memish, Abdullah A Al Rabeeah, Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVE: No recent original studies on the pattern of diet are available for Saudi Arabia at the national level. The present study was performed to describe the consumption of foods and beverages by Saudi adults. DESIGN: The Saudi Health Interview Survey (SHIS) was conducted in 2013. Data were collected through interviews and anthropometric measurements were done. A diet history questionnaire was used to determine the amount of consumption for eighteen food or beverage items in a typical week...
December 15, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973411/effects-of-low-versus-high-glycemic-index-sugar-sweetened-beverages-on-postprandial-vasodilatation-and-inactivity-induced-impairment-of-glucose-metabolism-in-healthy-men
#18
Judith Keller, Julia Kahlhöfer, Andreas Peter, Anja Bosy-Westphal
Intake of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) may contribute to cardiovascular risk. The aim of this study was to investigate whether functional sugars with low compared to high glycemic index (GI) have beneficial effects on arterial stiffness during a period of low-physical activity. In a controlled cross-over dietary intervention (55% CHO, 30% fat, 15% protein), 13 healthy men (age: 23.7 ± 2.2 years, body mass index: 23.6 ± 1.9 kg/m²) completed 2 × 1 week of low physical activity following 1 week of normal physical activity (2363 ± 900 vs...
December 10, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956472/physician-characteristics-associated-with-sugar-sweetened-beverage-counseling-practices
#19
Brenna K VanFrank, Sohyun Park, Jennifer L Foltz, Lisa C McGuire, Diane M Harris
PURPOSE: Frequent sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption is associated with chronic disease. Although physician counseling can positively affect patient behavior, physicians' personal characteristics may influence counseling practices. We explored SSB-related topics physicians discuss when counseling overweight/obese patients and examined associations between physicians' SSB-related counseling practices and their personal and medical practice characteristics. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey...
December 12, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940314/predicting-dietary-intake-among-children-classified-as-overweight-or-at-risk-for-overweight-independent-and-interactive-effects-of-parenting-practices-and-styles
#20
Shelby L Langer, Elisabeth Seburg, Meghan M JaKa, Nancy E Sherwood, Rona L Levy
Using baseline data from a randomized controlled pediatric obesity prevention trial, this study sought to examine general parenting style as a potential moderator of the association between feeding-specific parenting practices and child dietary intake. Four hundred and twenty-one parent-child dyads served as participants (49% girls and 93% mothers). Children were, on average, 6.6 years old and either overweight or at-risk for overweight (mean BMI percentile = 84.9). Data were collected in participants' homes...
March 1, 2017: Appetite
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