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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230722/individual-diet-modeling-shows-how-to-balance-the-diet-of-french-adults-with-or-without-excessive-free-sugar-intakes
#1
Anne Lluch, Matthieu Maillot, Rozenn Gazan, Florent Vieux, Fabien Delaere, Sarah Vaudaine, Nicole Darmon
Dietary changes needed to achieve nutritional adequacy for 33 nutrients were determined for 1719 adults from a representative French national dietary survey. For each individual, an iso-energy nutritionally adequate diet was generated using diet modeling, staying as close as possible to the observed diet. The French food composition table was completed with free sugar (FS) content. Results were analyzed separately for individuals with FS intakes in their observed diets ≤10% or >10% of their energy intake (named below FS-ACCEPTABLE and FS-EXCESS, respectively)...
February 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230702/does-infant-feeding-modulate-the-manifestation-of-celiac-disease-and-type-1-diabetes
#2
Caroline R Meijer, Valentina Discepolo, Riccardo Troncone, Maria L Mearin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review aims to critically discuss the role of infant feeding in the development of celiac disease and type 1 diabetes (T1D). RECENT FINDINGS: Prospective observational and randomized interventional studies show that breastfeeding (BF) or BF during gluten introduction does not reduce the risk of developing CD, but high gluten consumption before age 2 years increased the risk in Swedish children.Despite evidence from retrospective studies, prospective trials failed to find a protective effect of breastfeeding against the risk of T1D development...
February 21, 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228484/in-mexico-evidence-of-sustained-consumer-response-two-years-after-implementing-a-sugar-sweetened-beverage-tax
#3
M Arantxa Cochero, Juan Rivera-Dommarco, Barry M Popkin, Shu Wen Ng
Mexico implemented a 1 peso per liter excise tax on sugar-sweetened beverages on January 1, 2014, and a previous study found a 6 percent reduction in purchases of taxed beverages in 2014. In this study we estimated changes in beverage purchases for 2014 and 2015. We used store purchase data for 6,645 households from January 2012 to December 2015. Changes in purchases of taxed and untaxed beverages in the study period were estimated using two models, which compared 2014 and 2015 purchases with predicted (counterfactual) purchases based on trends in 2012-13...
February 22, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216168/assessment-of-dietary-intake-of-10-intense-sweeteners-by-the-italian-population
#4
Cinzia Le Donne, Lorenza Mistura, Séverine Goscinny, Steven Janvier, Koenraad Cuypers, Laura D'Addezio, Stefania Sette, Giovina Catasta, Marika Ferrari, Raffaela Piccinelli, Joris Van Loco, Aida Turrini
The aim of the present study was to monitor the consumption of foods containing intense sweeteners present on the Italian food market and to investigate whether the Italian general population (aged >3-65+) was at risk for exceeding the Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) of 10 intense sweeteners. A food label survey was performed in Rome (Italy), using market share data to identify the brands more representative of the market. A sample of 326 foods (table-top sweeteners included), beverages and food supplements containing intense sweeteners was collected and analyzed in order to establish the concentration levels...
February 16, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215189/socio-economic-differences-in-diet-physical-activity-and-leisure-time-screen-use-among-scottish-children-in-2006-and-2010-are-we-closing-the-gap
#5
Geraldine McNeill, Lindsey F Masson, Jennie I Macdiarmid, Leone Ca Craig, Wendy J Wills, Catherine Bromley
OBJECTIVE: To investigate socio-economic differences in children's diet, activity and inactivity and changes in these differences over 4 years during which new policies on food in schools were introduced. DESIGN: Two cross-sectional surveys in which diet was assessed by FFQ and physical activity and inactivity were assessed by interviewer-administered questionnaire. Socio-economic status was assessed by the area-based Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation. SETTING: Scotland, 2006 and 2010...
February 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214853/chronic-consumption-of-artificial-sweetener-in-packets-or-tablets-and-type-2-diabetes-risk-evidence-from-the-e3n-european-prospective-investigation-into-cancer-and-nutrition-study
#6
Guy Fagherazzi, Gaëlle Gusto, Aurélie Affret, Francesca Romana Mancini, Courtney Dow, Beverley Balkau, Françoise Clavel-Chapelon, Fabrice Bonnet, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault
BACKGROUND: The influence of artificial sweeteners on metabolic diseases is controversial. Artificially sweetened beverages have been associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) but biases and reverse causation have been suspected to have influenced the observed association. In addition, it has been suggested that investigation into the relationship between the frequency and duration of the consumption of packet or tablet artificial sweeteners and T2D risk is necessary...
February 18, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211230/associations-between-children-s-diet-quality-and-watching-television-during-meal-or-snack-consumption-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Amanda Avery, Catherine Anderson, Fiona McCullough
Studies have identified an association between watching television (TV) and childhood obesity. This review adds context to existing research by examining the associations between TV viewing, whilst eating, and children's diet quality. Web of Science and PubMed databases were searched from January 2000 to June 2014. Cross-sectional trials of case control or cohort studies, which included baseline data, measuring the associations between eating whilst watching TV and children's food and drink intake. Quality of selected papers was assessed...
February 17, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210884/energy-balance-and-obesity-what-are-the-main-drivers
#8
Isabelle Romieu, Laure Dossus, Simón Barquera, Hervé M Blottière, Paul W Franks, Marc Gunter, Nahla Hwalla, Stephen D Hursting, Michael Leitzmann, Barrie Margetts, Chizuru Nishida, Nancy Potischman, Jacob Seidell, Magdalena Stepien, Youfa Wang, Klaas Westerterp, Pattanee Winichagoon, Martin Wiseman, Walter C Willett
PURPOSE: The aim of this paper is to review the evidence of the association between energy balance and obesity. METHODS: In December 2015, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), Lyon, France convened a Working Group of international experts to review the evidence regarding energy balance and obesity, with a focus on Low and Middle Income Countries (LMIC). RESULTS: The global epidemic of obesity and the double burden, in LMICs, of malnutrition (coexistence of undernutrition and overnutrition) are both related to poor quality diet and unbalanced energy intake...
February 17, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208034/the-obesity-epidemic-and-sugar-sweetened-beverages-a-taxing-time
#9
Stephen Colagiuri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207682/quickstats-percentage-of-total-daily-kilocalories-%C3%A2-consumed-from-sugar-sweetened-beverages-%C3%A2-among-children-and-adults-by-sex-and-income-level-%C3%A2-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-united-states-2011-2014
#10
(no author information available yet)
During 2011-2014, on average, 7.3% of boys' and 7.2% of girls' total daily calories were obtained from SSBs compared with 6.9% for men and 6.1% for women. For men, women, and girls, the percentage of total daily kilocalories from SSBs declined as income level increased. For boys, the percentage of total daily kilocalories was lower for those in the highest income group than in the other income groups. Compared with women, a larger proportion of men's total daily kilocalorie intake came from SSBs.
February 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196498/children-s-sugar-sweetened-beverages-consumption-associations-with-family-and-home-related-factors-differences-within-ethnic-groups-explored
#11
V M van de Gaar, A van Grieken, W Jansen, H Raat
BACKGROUND: The consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) may contribute to the development of overweight among children. The present study aimed to evaluate associations between family and home-related factors and children's SSB consumption. We explored associations within ethnic background of the child. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the population-based 'Water Campaign' study were used. Parents (n = 644) of primary school children (6-13 years) completed a questionnaire on socio-demographic characteristics, family and home-related factors and child's SSB intake...
February 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196089/taxes-and-subsidies-for-improving-diet-and-population-health-in-australia-a-cost-effectiveness-modelling-study
#12
Linda J Cobiac, King Tam, Lennert Veerman, Tony Blakely
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of countries are implementing taxes on unhealthy foods and drinks to address the growing burden of dietary-related disease, but the cost-effectiveness of combining taxes on unhealthy foods and subsidies on healthy foods is not well understood. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Using a population model of dietary-related diseases and health care costs and food price elasticities, we simulated the effect of taxes on saturated fat, salt, sugar, and sugar-sweetened beverages and a subsidy on fruits and vegetables, over the lifetime of the Australian population...
February 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190943/sugar-sweetened-beverage-warning-labels-lessons-learned-from-the-tobacco-industry
#13
Lucy Popova
Tobacco warning labels effectively educate consumers about the harms of tobacco and reduce smoking behavior. Lessons from tobacco warning labels can be applied to developing and implementing warning labels for sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). Large pictorial rotating warnings are particularly effective. Dental professionals can be an important voice in countering the industry's efforts to create controversy around the effects of SSBs and in advocating for effective warning labels based on the evidence from the tobacco warning labels...
October 2016: Journal of the California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186923/cross-sectional-survey-of-the-amount-of-free-sugars-and-calories-in-carbonated-sugar-sweetened-beverages-on-sale-in-the-uk
#14
Kawther M Hashem, Feng J He, Katharine H Jenner, Graham A MacGregor
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the free sugars and calorie content of carbonated sugar-sweetened beverages (CSSB) available in the main UK supermarkets. STUDY DESIGN: We carried out a cross-sectional survey in 2014 of 169 CSSB. METHODS: The free sugars (sugars g/100 mL) and calorie (kcal/100 mL) were collected from product packaging and nutrient information panels of CSSB available in 9 main UK supermarkets. RESULTS: The average free sugars content in CSSB was 30...
November 15, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185861/what-are-we-drinking-beverages-shown-in-adolescents-favorite-television-shows
#15
Marla E Eisenberg, Nicole I Larson, Sarah E Gollust, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
BACKGROUND: Media use has been shown to contribute to poor dietary intake; however, little attention has been paid to programming content. The portrayal of health behaviors in television (TV) programming contributes to social norms among viewers, which have been shown to influence adolescent behavior. OBJECTIVE: This study reports on a content analysis of beverages shown in a sample of TV shows popular with a large, diverse group of adolescents, with attention to the types of beverages and differences across shows and characters...
February 2, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183287/price-elasticity-of-the-demand-for-soft-drinks-other-sugar-sweetened-beverages-and-energy-dense-food-in-chile
#16
Carlos M Guerrero-López, Mishel Unar-Munguía, M Arantxa Colchero
BACKGROUND: Chile is the second world's largest per capita consumer of caloric beverages. Caloric beverages are associated with overweight, obesity and other chronic diseases. The objective of this study is to estimate the price elasticity of demand for soft drinks, other sugar-sweetened beverages and high-energy dense foods in urban areas in Chile in order to evaluate the potential response of households' consumption to changes in prices. METHODS: We used microdata from the VII Family Budget Survey 2012-2013, which collects information on expenditures made by Chilean urban households on items such as beverages and foods...
February 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179221/frontostriatal-and-behavioral-adaptations-to-daily-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Kyle S Burger
Background: Current obesity theories suggest that the repeated intake of highly palatable high-sugar foods causes adaptions in the striatum, parietal lobe, and prefrontal and visual cortices in the brain that may serve to perpetuate consumption in a feed-forward manner. However, the data for humans are cross-sectional and observational, leaving little ability to determine the temporal precedence of repeated consumption on brain response.Objective: We tested the impact of regular sugar-sweetened beverage intake on brain and behavioral responses to beverage stimuli...
February 8, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177745/pre-and-within-meal-effects-of-fluid-dairy-products-on-appetite-food-intake-glycemia-and-regulatory-hormones-in-children
#18
Shirley Vien, Bohdan L Luhovyy, Barkha P Patel, Shirin Panahi, Dalia El Khoury, Rebecca C Mollard, Jill K Hamilton, G Harvey Anderson
The effect of beverages commonly consumed by children in-between or with meals on short-term food intake (FI) and glycemic control has received little attention. Therefore, two experiments were conducted in 9-14 y old children following a randomized repeated measures design. Experiment 1 (<i>n</i>=32) compared the effects of water (control) and isocaloric (130 kcal) amounts of 2% milk, chocolate milk, yogurt drink and fruit punch on subjective appetite and FI. Experiment 2 (<i>n</i>=20) compared the effects of isocaloric (130 kcal) amounts of 2% milk and fruit punch on subjective appetite, FI, glycemic and appetite hormone responses...
November 21, 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173882/efficacy-of-school-based-interventions-aimed-at-decreasing-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#19
Lydi-Anne Vézina-Im, Dominique Beaulieu, Ariane Bélanger-Gravel, Danielle Boucher, Caroline Sirois, Marylène Dugas, Véronique Provencher
OBJECTIVE: To verify the efficacy of school-based interventions aimed at reducing sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption among adolescents in order to develop or improve public health interventions. DESIGN: Systematic review of interventions targeting adolescents and/or the school environment. SETTING: The following databases were investigated: MEDLINE/PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL and EMBASE. Proquest Dissertations and Theses was also investigated for unpublished trials...
February 8, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166853/using-reduced-rank-regression-methods-to-identify-dietary-patterns-associated-with-obesity-a-cross-country-study-among-european-and-australian-adolescents
#20
Inge Huybrechts, Sandrine Lioret, Theodora Mouratidou, Marc J Gunter, Yannis Manios, Mathilde Kersting, Frederic Gottrand, Anthony Kafatos, Stefaan De Henauw, Magdalena Cuenca-García, Kurt Widhalm, Marcela Gonzales-Gross, Denes Molnar, Luis A Moreno, Sarah A McNaughton
This study aims to examine repeatability of reduced rank regression (RRR) methods in calculating dietary patterns (DP) and cross-sectional associations with overweight (OW)/obesity across European and Australian samples of adolescents. Data from two cross-sectional surveys in Europe (2006/2007 Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence study, including 1954 adolescents, 12-17 years) and Australia (2007 National Children's Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey, including 1498 adolescents, 12-16 years) were used...
February 7, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
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