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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910794/have-we-reached-a-tipping-point-for-sugar-sweetened-beverage-taxes
#1
Kathryn Backholer, Miranda Blake, Stefanie Vandevijvere
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903830/early-life-sugar-consumption-affects-the-rat-microbiome-independently-of-obesity
#2
Emily E Noble, Ted M Hsu, Roshonda B Jones, Anthony A Fodor, Michael I Goran, Scott E Kanoski
BACKGROUND: The gut microbiome has been implicated in various metabolic and neurocognitive disorders and is heavily influenced by dietary factors, but there is a paucity of research on the effects of added sugars on the gut microbiome. OBJECTIVE: With the use of a rodent model, our goal was to determine how added-sugar consumption during the juvenile and adolescent phase of development affects the gut microbiome. METHODS: Forty-two juvenile male Sprague-Dawley rats [postnatal day (PND) 26; 50-70 g] were given access to 1 of 3 different 11%-carbohydrate solutions designed to model a range of monosaccharide ratios commonly consumed in sugar-sweetened beverages: 1) 35% fructose:65% glucose, 2) 50% fructose:50% glucose, 3) 65% fructose:35% glucose, and 4) control (no sugar)...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901039/early-factors-related-to-carbohydrate-and-fat-intake-at-8-and-12-months-results-from-the-eden-mother-child-cohort
#3
W L Yuan, S Nicklaus, S Lioret, C Lange, A Forhan, B Heude, M-A Charles, B de Lauzon-Guillain
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Few studies have examined the factors explaining the variability in fat and carbohydrate intake during infancy. We aimed to describe infants' fat and carbohydrate intake and analyse the associations with infant and maternal characteristics and feeding practices. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This study included 1275 infants aged 8 months from the French EDEN mother-child cohort. Carbohydrate intake, fat intake, added fat (vegetable oils and animal fats) and added sugar (honey, white sugar, brown sugar, jam and sweetened beverages) consumption were calculated at 8 and 12 months...
November 30, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901033/impact-of-dietary-glycemic-challenge-on-fuel-partitioning
#4
REVIEW
A Bosy-Westphal, F Hägele, A Nas
The 'carbohydrate-insulin theory of obesity' is used to justify popular health claims stating that carbohydrates make you fat or a high glycemic load and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and breakfast skipping increase fat gain. According to this theory, the elevated postprandial insulin secretion to a high glycemic challenge is blamed as a causal mechanism by directing nutrients away from oxidation in muscle towards storage in adipose tissue. Scientific evidence is however largely disagreeing with an adverse effect of postprandial hyperinsulinemia on fuel partitioning...
November 30, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900447/controversies-about-sugars-results-from-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses-on-obesity-cardiometabolic-disease-and-diabetes
#5
REVIEW
Tauseef A Khan, John L Sievenpiper
Fructose-containing sugars are a focus of attention as a public health target for their putative role in obesity and cardiometabolic disease including diabetes. The fructose moiety is singled out to be the primary driver for the harms of sugars due to its unique endocrine signal and pathophysiological role. However, this is only supported by ecological studies, animal models of overfeeding and select human intervention studies with supraphysiological doses or lack of control for energy. The highest level of evidence from systematic reviews and meta-analyses of controlled trials has not shown that fructose-containing sugars behave any differently from other forms of digestible carbohydrates...
November 30, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886383/permanent-tooth-loss-and-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake-in-u-s-young-adults
#6
Sunkyung Kim, Sohyun Park, Mei Lin
OBJECTIVE: In young adults, sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake is associated with dental caries, which in turn is a major contributor to tooth loss. The independent role of SSB intake on tooth loss, however, has not been well-described. This cross-sectional study examined associations between tooth loss and SSB intake among U.S. young adults. METHODS: The outcome was number of permanent teeth lost because of dental caries or periodontal disease (0, 1-5, ≥6 teeth)...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881859/friends-and-social-contexts-as-unshared-environments-a-discordant-sibling-analysis-of-obesity-and-health-related-behaviors-in-young-adolescents
#7
S- Salvy, D M Feda, L H Epstein, J N Roemmich
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the contribution of best friends' weight and the peer social context (time spent alone versus with friends) as sources of unshared environment associated with variability in weight and health behaviors among weight-discordant siblings. METHODS: Pairs of same-sex biologic siblings (N=40 pairs; ages 13-17) were originally recruited as part of a study evaluating putative factors contributing to differences in adiposity among weight-discordant siblings...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876023/association-of-parental-social-support-with-energy-balance-related-behaviors-in-low-income-and-ethnically-diverse-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Natalia I Heredia, Nalini Ranjit, Judith L Warren, Alexandra E Evans
BACKGROUND: Parents play an important role in providing their children with social support for healthy eating and physical activity. However, different types of social support (e.g., instrumental, emotional, modeling, rules) might have different results on children's actual behavior. The purpose of this study was to assess the association of the different types of social support with children's physical activity and eating behaviors, as well as to examine whether these associations differ across racial/ethnic groups...
November 22, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871042/is-trade-liberalisation-a-vector-for-the-spread-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-a-cross-national-longitudinal-analysis-of-44-low-and-middle-income-countries
#9
Ana Mendez Lopez, Rachel Loopstra, Martin McKee, David Stuckler
Does trade and investment liberalisation increase the growth in sales of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs)? Here, for the first time to our knowledge, we test this hypothesis using a unique data source on SSB-specific trade flows. We test whether lower tariffs effectively increase imports of SSBs, and whether a higher level of imports increase sales of SSBs. Cross-national fixed effects models were used to evaluate the association between SSBs sales and trade liberalisation. SSBs per capita sales data were taken from EuroMonitor, covering 44 low- and middle-income countries from 2001 to 2014, SSBs import data were from TradeMap, Foreign Direct Investment data were from EuroMonitor, and data on applied tariffs on SSB from the World Trade Organisation tariffs database, all 2015 editions...
November 4, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864072/racial-and-gender-disparities-in-sugar-consumption-change-efficacy-among-first-year-college-students
#10
Marino A Bruce, Bettina M Beech, Roland J Thorpe, Krista Mincey, Derek M Griffith
Reducing excess dietary sugar intake among emerging adults involves replacing sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs) and sugary snacks (SSN) with healthier options. Few studies have assessed the perceived degree of difficulty associated with making lifestyle modifications among a diverse group of emerging adults. The purpose of this study was to assess race and gender disparities in SSB and SSN behavioral modification efficacy among African American and White first year college students. A self-administered, cross-sectional survey was completed by a subsample of freshmen (n = 499) at a medium-sized southern university...
November 15, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861912/significant-caries-and-the-interactive-effects-of-maternal-related-oral-hygiene-factors-in-urban-preschool-children
#11
Ying-Chun Lin, Wen-Chen Wang, Jen-Hao Chen, Ping-Ho Chen, Chien-Hung Lee, Hsiao-Ling Huang
OBJECTIVES: This study examined significant caries (SiC) and the interactive effects of maternal-related oral hygiene factors in urban preschool children. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was designed to collect data from a cluster of randomly selected samples in 2011. A total of 495 child-mother pairs from the San-Ming District of Kaohsiung City, Taiwan, participated in the study. Children aged 4-6 years received dental examinations, and their mothers completed a self-administered questionnaire...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848976/tea-induced-calmness-sugar-sweetened-tea-calms-consumers-exposed-to-acute-stressor
#12
Shilpa S Samant, Katherine Wilkes, Zephania Odek, Han-Seok Seo
The food and beverage industry has been increasingly replacing sugar with non-nutritive sweeteners in their sweetened products to control or reduce total calories. Research comparing the effect of nutritive and non-nutritive sweeteners on emotional state of participants exposed to acute stressors is still limited. This study aimed to determine the effect of drinking tea sweetened with either a nutritive sweetener (sugar) or a non-nutritive sweetener (sucralose or stevia) on emotional state, in terms of calmness and pleasantness, of participants exposed to an acute stressor...
November 16, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846923/socio-economic-disparities-in-the-diet-of-french-children-and-adolescents-a-multidimensional-issue
#13
Peggy Drouillet-Pinard, Carine Dubuisson, Isabelle Bordes, Irène Margaritis, Sandrine Lioret, Jean-Luc Volatier
OBJECTIVE: The present research aimed to study the multidimensionality of the link between dietary intake and socio-economic position (SEP) in a representative sample of French children and adolescents, using a variety of SEP indicators. DESIGN: Data from the second French national food consumption survey (INCA2) were used. Information on food consumption was collected using a 7d food record and SEP data (occupation, education, income, household wealth indices) using questionnaires...
November 16, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831459/an-investigation-into-the-relationship-between-plain-water-intake-and-glycated-hb-hba1c-a-sex-stratified-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-uk-national-diet-and-nutrition-survey-2008-2012
#14
Harriet A Carroll, James A Betts, Laura Johnson
The aim of this study was to analyse the association between plain water intake and glycated Hb (HbA1c) in the National Diet and Nutrition Survey (2008-2012) rolling survey. These data included diet (4-d diaries) and HbA1c (fasted blood sample) measures of 456 men and 579 women aged 44 (sd 18) years with full information on covariates of interest (age, ethnicity, BMI, smoking status, education, other beverage intake, energy intake and fibre). Data were analysed using sex-stratified linear and logistic regressions modelling the associations of cups per d (240 ml) of plain water with HbA1c, and odds of HbA1c≥5·5 %, respectively...
November 10, 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829397/design-and-methods-for-a-community-based-intervention-to-reduce-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-youth-h2go-study
#15
Monica L Wang, Stephenie C Lemon, Kristian Clausen, Julie Whyte, Milagros C Rosal
BACKGROUND: Reducing sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake is an important dietary target among underserved children at high risk for obesity and associated morbidities. Community-based approaches to reduce SSB intake are needed. The use of narrative-based approaches (presenting messages within the context of a story) can facilitate connection with target health messages and empower children as behavior change agents within their families. The H2GO! program is a community-based behavioral intervention that integrates narrative-based strategies to reduce SSB consumption and promote water intake among school-age youth and parents...
November 9, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827398/factors-associated-with-sugar-intake-and-sugar-sources-in-european-children-from-1-to-8-years-of-age
#16
I Pawellek, V Grote, M Theurich, R Closa-Monasterolo, A Stolarczyk, E Verduci, A Xhonneux, B Koletzko
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The World Health Organization recommends to limit intake of free sugars to 5% of total energy per day because of the great impact of high sugar intake on body fat deposition, adiposity and dental caries. However, little data exist about total intake and sources of sugar in European children. Therefore, this paper aims to describe sugar intake and dietary sugar sources and associated factors. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Three-day weighed dietary records were obtained at eight time points from children 1 to 8 years of age (n=995) in five European countries...
November 9, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816854/diet-quality-is-associated-with-mental-health-social-support-and-neighborhood-factors-among-veterans
#17
Katherine D Hoerster, Sarah Wilson, Karin M Nelson, Gayle E Reiber, Robin M Masheb
United States Veterans have a higher prevalence of overweight and related chronic conditions compared to the general population. Although diet is a primary and modifiable contributor to these conditions, little is known about factors influencing diet quality among Veterans. The goal of this study is to examine individual, social environment, and physical environment correlates of general diet quality among Veterans. Study participants (N=653) received care at an urban VA Medical Center in Seattle, WA and completed a mailed survey in 2012 and 2013...
December 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812518/associations-of-obesity-and-dyslipidemia-with-intake-of-sodium-fat-and-sugar-among-koreans-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#18
Yoon Jung Kang, Hye Won Wang, Se Young Cheon, Hwa Jung Lee, Kyung Mi Hwang, Hae Seong Yoon
A qualitative systematic review was performed to identify associations of obesity and dyslipidemia with intake of sodium, fat, and sugar among Koreans. We reviewed 6 Korean research databases (KMbase, KoreaMed, NDSL, DBpia, RISS, KISS) with the keywords "sodium intake," "fat intake," and "sugar intake." Total of 11 studies were investigated in this present study. Of these articles, 7 studies were related to sodium intake, 2 studies had a relation to fat intake, and 2 studies were associated with sugar intake...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809266/early-life-fructose-exposure-and-its-implications-for-long-term-cardiometabolic-health-in-offspring
#19
REVIEW
Jia Zheng, Qianyun Feng, Qian Zhang, Tong Wang, Xinhua Xiao
It has become increasingly clear that maternal nutrition can strongly influence the susceptibility of adult offspring to cardiometabolic disease. For decades, it has been thought that excessive intake of fructose, such as sugar-sweetened beverages and foods, has been linked to increased risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease in various populations. These deleterious effects of excess fructose consumption in adults are well researched, but limited data are available on the long-term effects of high fructose exposure during gestation, lactation, and infancy...
November 1, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809239/substitution-models-of-water-for-other-beverages-and-the-incidence-of-obesity-and-weight-gain-in-the-sun-cohort
#20
Ujué Fresán, Alfredo Gea, Maira Bes-Rastrollo, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Miguel A Martínez-Gonzalez
Obesity is a major epidemic for developed countries in the 21st century. The main cause of obesity is energy imbalance, of which contributing factors include a sedentary lifestyle, epigenetic factors and excessive caloric intake through food and beverages. A high consumption of caloric beverages, such as alcoholic or sweetened drinks, may particularly contribute to weight gain, and lower satiety has been associated with the intake of liquid instead of solid calories. Our objective was to evaluate the association between the substitution of a serving per day of water for another beverage (or group of them) and the incidence of obesity and weight change in a Mediterranean cohort, using mathematical models...
October 31, 2016: Nutrients
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