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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451639/-analysis-of-foods-advertised-to-childhood-audience-on-chilean-television
#1
Catalina González-Hidalgo
OBJECTIVE: To examine food advertising aimed at childhood's audience broadcast on Chilean television. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study. Food advertising broadcast by 4 open signal TV channels was recorded for 12 hours daily on twelve days randomly selected. Notices were classified according to food groups and level of processing. The frequency of food advertisement aimed to childhood audience was compared with those for adults. Nutrient profile of foods advertised was described...
November 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438844/top-down-expectation-effects-of-food-labels-on-motivation
#2
Joost Wegman, Ilke van Loon, Paul A M Smeets, Roshan Cools, Esther Aarts
Labels on food packages inform our beliefs, shaping our expectations of food properties, such as its expected taste and healthiness. These beliefs can influence the processing of caloric rewards beyond objective sensory properties and have the potential to impact decision making. However, no studies, within or beyond the food domain, have assessed how written information, such as food labels, affect implicit motivation to obtain rewards, even though choices in daily life might be strongly driven by implicit motivational biases...
February 10, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435584/a-cautionary-tale-of-warning-messages-on-food-products-the-case-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#3
Richard Kahn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425973/metabolic-and-cognitive-improvement-from-switching-to-saccharin-or-water-following-chronic-consumption-by-female-rats-of-10-sucrose-solution
#4
Michael D Kendig, Michelle X Fu, Simone Rehn, Sarah I Martire, Robert A Boakes, Kieron B Rooney
High consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) is a risk factor for weight gain and metabolic disease. Whether this risk is reduced by switching to 'diet' beverages containing low-calorie sweeteners (LCS) is controversial. Two experiments modeled whether a switch from SSB to LCS beverages produced positive outcomes on behavioral and metabolic measures. Both experiments consisted of a Stage 1, in which adult female rats received unrestricted access to 10% sucrose solution in addition to chow and water for 4 (Experiment 1) or 8 weeks (Experiment 2)...
February 6, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410454/sugar-sweetened-beverages-and-school-students-hypertension-in-urban-areas-of-nanjing-china
#5
Zhenzhen Qin, Fei Xu, Qing Ye, Hairong Zhou, Chao Li, Jing He, Zhiyong Wang, Xin Hong, Xiangyu Hou
Literature showed that sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) could increase the risk of developing hypertension in school students, but there is no reported evidence from China yet, so this study aims to investigate the association of the SSBs consumption and school students' hypertension in urban areas of Nanjing, China. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among primary and junior high school students selected from 32 primary schools and 16 junior high schools using a multi-stage random sampling method, with a total number of 10,091 participants involved...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409560/the-nutritional-content-of-supermarket-beverages-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-new-zealand-australia-canada-and-the-uk
#6
Lynne Chepulis, Gael Mearns, Shaunie Hill, Jason Hy Wu, Michelle Crino, Sarah Alderton, Katharine Jenner
OBJECTIVE: To compare the nutritional content, serving size and taxation potential of supermarket beverages from four different Western countries. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis. Multivariate regression analysis and χ 2 comparisons were used to detect differences between countries. SETTING: Supermarkets in New Zealand (NZ), Australia, Canada and the UK. SUBJECTS: Supermarket beverages in the following categories: fruit juices, fruit-based drinks, carbonated soda, waters and sports/energy drinks...
February 7, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402307/water-intake-among-ghanaian-youth-aged-15-34%C3%A2-years-quantitative-and-qualitative-evidence
#7
Phidelia Theresa Doegah, Acheampong Yaw Amoateng
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity is on the increase in Ghana, and the intake of sugar-sweetened beverages may be a determinant. The aim of this study is to use quantitative and qualitative data to investigate water intake among Ghanaian youth 15-34 years old. METHODS: The 2008 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey data is used to investigate the effects of socio-demographic factors on water intake behaviours of a sample of 2771 male and 2806 female youth aged 15-34 years old in Ghana...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399003/dietary-patterns-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-a-review-of-17-years-of-evidence-2000-2016
#8
Fred K Tabung, Lisa S Brown, Teresa T Fung
Purpose of review: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a global public health problem, with an estimated 1.4 million cases diagnosed worldwide in 2012. Evidence suggests that diet may be important for primary prevention. Recent findings: The 2017 WCRF/AICR Continuous Update Project on colorectal cancer concluded that there is convincing evidence linking several individual dietary factors with CRC risk but the evidence for dietary patterns was limited and inconclusive. Also, previous reviews and meta-analyses have not critically synthesized various dietary patterns...
December 2017: Current Colorectal Cancer Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389508/nutrition-facts-panels-who-uses-them-what-do-they-use-and-how-does-use-relate-to-dietary-intake
#9
Mary J Christoph, Nicole Larson, Melissa N Laska, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
BACKGROUND: Nutrition labels are a low-cost tool with the potential to encourage healthy eating habits. OBJECTIVE: To investigate correlates of frequent Nutrition Facts label use, describe the types of label information most often used, and measure how label use relates to dietary intake in young adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional population-based study of young adults participating in Project Eating and Activity in Teens and Young Adults-IV...
February 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384791/intake-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-and-fecundability-in-a-north-american-preconception-cohort
#10
E E Hatch, A K Wesselink, K A Hahn, J J Michiel, E M Mikkelsen, H T Sorensen, K J Rothman, L A Wise
Dietary factors, including sugar-sweetened beverages, may have adverse effects on fertility. Sugar-sweetened beverages have been associated with poor semen quality in cross-sectional studies, and female soda intake has been associated with lower fecundability in some, but not all, studies. We evaluated the association of female and male sugar-sweetened beverage intake with fecundability among 3828 women planning pregnancy and 1045 of their male partners in a North American prospective cohort study. We followed participants enrolled between June 2013 and May 2017 until pregnancy or for up to twelve menstrual cycles...
January 30, 2018: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384311/consumption-and-sources-of-added-sugar-in-thailand-a-review
#11
Wantanee Kriengsinyos, Pauline Chan, Maria Sofia V Amarra
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The present review examined the best available evidence regarding consumption levels and sources of added sugar in different population groups in Thailand. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Information was extracted from food balance sheets, household expenditure surveys, food consumption surveys, government reports, published and unpublished studies. RESULTS: A total of 24 references were obtained, comprising 8 nationally representative reports and 16 individual studies...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381802/the-effect-of-consumption-temperature-on-the-homeostatic-and-hedonic-responses-to-glucose-ingestion-in-the-hypothalamus-and-the-reward-system
#12
Anna M van Opstal, Annette A van den Berg-Huysmans, Marco Hoeksma, Cor Blonk, Hanno Pijl, Serge A R B Rombouts, Jeroen van der Grond
Background: Excessive consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has been associated with obesity and related diseases. SSBs are often consumed cold, and both the energy content and temperature might influence the consumption behavior for SSBs. Objective: The main aim of this study was to elucidate whether consumption temperature and energy (i.e., glucose) content modulate homeostatic (hypothalamus) and reward [ventral tegmental area (VTA)] responses. Design: Sixteen healthy men participated in our study [aged 18-25 y; body mass index (kg/m2): 20-23]...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378049/the-%C3%AE-13c-value-of-fingerstick-blood-is-a-valid-reliable-and-sensitive-biomarker-of-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake-in-children-and-adolescents
#13
Carly R MacDougall, Catelyn E Hill, A Hope Jahren, Jyoti Savla, Shaun K Riebl, Valisa E Hedrick, Hollie A Raynor, Julie C Dunsmore, Madlyn I Frisard, Brenda M Davy
Background: Reliance on self-reported dietary intake methods is a commonly cited research limitation, and dietary misreporting is a particular problem in children and adolescents. Objective indicators of dietary intake, such as dietary biomarkers, are needed to overcome this research limitation. The added sugar (AS) biomarker δ13C, which measures the relative abundance of 13C to 12C, has demonstrated preliminary validity in adults. Objective: The purpose of this investigation was to determine the comparative validity, test-retest reliability, and sensitivity of the δ13C biomarker to detect AS and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake using fingerstick blood samples in children and adolescents...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375180/designing-a-food-tax-to-impact-food-related-non-communicable-diseases-the-case-of-chile
#14
Juan Carlos Caro, Lindsey Smith-Taillie, Shu Wen Ng, Barry Popkin
The global shift towards diets high in sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and energy dense ultra-processed foods is linked to higher prevalence of obesity, diabetes and most other noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), causing significant health costs. Chile has the highest SSB consumption in the world, very high junk food intake and very rapid increases in these poor components of the diet plus obesity prevalence. This study's purpose is to compare the effect of different tax schemes for SSBs and ultra-processed foods on nutrient availability, utilizing price-elasticities, which are estimated from a Quadratic Almost Ideal Demand System model, using the 2011-2012 Income and Expenditure survey...
August 2017: Food Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373392/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-systemchange-intervention-on-behaviors-related-to-cardiovascular-risk-in-hiv-adults
#15
Allison R Webel, Shirley M Moore, Chris T Longenecker, Jackson Currie, Christine Horvat Davey, Joseph Perazzo, Abdus Sattar, Richard A Josephson
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of a lifestyle behavior intervention (SystemCHANGE) on physical activity and diet quality among sedentary people living with HIV (PLHIV). All participants expressed a desire to improve lifestyle health behaviors. METHODS: One-hundred and six HIV+ adults were randomized to either the intervention (six, in-person, standardized group sessions focusing on improving lifestyle behaviors) or a control condition (general advice on AHA diet and exercise guidelines)...
January 23, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372311/association-between-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-and-incident-hypertension-in-korean-adults-a-prospective-study
#16
Jung Hyun Kwak, Garam Jo, Hye-Kyung Chung, Min-Jeong Shin
PURPOSE: Epidemiological information on the association between sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption and the risk for hypertension (HTN) in Koreans is very limited. We tested the hypothesis that increased SSB consumption is related to a higher risk of HTN among middle-aged Korean adults in a Korean community-based cohort. METHODS: From participants of the cohort from 2001 to 2010, we selected 5775 subjects without HTN, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer and who had no information on dietary assessment at baseline...
January 25, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369758/identifying-financially-sustainable-pricing-interventions-to-promote-healthier-beverage-purchases-in-small-neighborhood-stores
#17
Claudia Nau, Shiriki Kumanyika, Joel Gittelsohn, Atif Adam, Michelle S Wong, Yeeli Mui, Bruce Y Lee
INTRODUCTION: Residents of low-income communities often purchase sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) at small, neighborhood "corner" stores. Lowering water prices and increasing SSB prices are potentially complementary public health strategies to promote more healthful beverage purchasing patterns in these stores. Sustainability, however, depends on financial feasibility. Because in-store pricing experiments are complex and require retailers to take business risks, we used a simulation approach to identify profitable pricing combinations for corner stores...
January 25, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367020/screening-for-behavioral-risk-factors-is-not-enough-to-improve-preventive-services-delivery
#18
Olivier Drouin, Jonathan P Winickoff
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Unhealthy behaviors are a major cause of chronic disease. Pre-appointment screening has been suggested as one way to improve preventive care delivery related to these behaviors by specifying risks to be addressed. We aimed to determine whether screening for health-related behaviors before the clinical encounter will lead to higher counseling rate and service delivery by clinicians. METHODS: We used a pre-/post-design in one practice with a control practice to evaluate the effects of pre-appointment screening for three behavioral risk factors (tobacco smoke exposure, no recent dental care visit, and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages)...
January 20, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363613/effect-of-increasing-the-price-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-on-alcoholic-beverage-purchases-an-economic-analysis-of-sales-data
#19
Diana Quirmbach, Laura Cornelsen, Susan A Jebb, Theresa Marteau, Richard Smith
BACKGROUND: Taxing soft-drinks may reduce their purchase, but assessing the impact on health demands wider consideration on alternative beverage choices. Effects on alcoholic drinks are of particular concern, as many contain similar or greater amounts of sugar than soft-drinks and have additional health harms. Changes in consumption of alcoholic drinks may reinforce or negate the intended effect of price changes for soft-drinks. METHODS: A partial demand model, adapted from the Almost Ideal Demand System, was applied to Kantar Worldpanel data from 31 919 households from January 2012 to December 2013, covering drink purchases for home consumption, providing ~6 million purchases aggregated into 11 groups, including three levels of soft-drink, three of other non-alcoholic drinks and five of alcoholic drinks...
January 23, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361922/access-to-public-drinking-water-fountains-in-berkeley-california-a-geospatial-analysis
#20
Dylan C Avery, Charlotte D Smith
BACKGROUND: In January 2015, Berkeley, California became the first city in the Unites States to impose a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages. The tax is intended to discourage purchase of sugary beverages and promote consumption of healthier alternatives such as tap water. The goal of the study was to assess the condition of public drinking water fountains and determine if there is a difference in access to clean, functioning fountains based on race or socio-economic status. METHODS: A mobile-GIS App was created to locate and collect data on existing drinking water fountains in Berkeley, CA...
January 24, 2018: BMC Public Health
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