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total shoulder replacement

A Galland, S Airaudi, J Mancini, R Gravier, D Camus
BACKGROUND: Reports of early glenoid wear after humeral resurfacing hemiarthroplasty have prompted the use, in combination with this procedure, of newly developed glenoid implants. This combination can increase global humeral offset. The objectives of this study were to assess changes in overall lateral offset and their potential short-term clinical consequences after combined humeral resurfacing and glenoid replacement. HYPOTHESIS: Combined humeral resurfacing and glenoid replacement induces a large increase in overall lateral offset, resulting in short-term clinical consequences...
March 16, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Madeleine A Salesky, Trevor R Grace, Brian T Feeley, C Benjamin Ma, Alan L Zhang
BACKGROUND: The influence of primary humeral stem fixation method (cemented or press fit) on intraoperative or postoperative outcomes in the setting of revision shoulder arthroplasty is unknown. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected cohort of revision shoulder arthroplasty patients from a single tertiary center was performed. Demographic variables, intraoperative data, and 90-day complication rates were compared between cemented and press-fit primary stem fixation cohorts...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
O Lorbach
IMPLANT DESIGNS: Within the last 50 years, implants for shoulder replacement have developed rapidly. Monobloc-stems in few sizes were changed to modular implant systems that allow for an individual adaption of the stem, as well as adaption of the humeral head component according to the specific anatomic situation of the patient. Moreover, stemless und short stem implants are available, which may highly simplify primary implantation, especially in posttraumatic cases as well as in revision cases with a need for removal or change of the implants...
March 6, 2018: Der Orthopäde
Marco Freddolini, Francesco Esposito, Leonardo Latella, Massimiliano Marcucci, Andrea Corvi
A crutch is prescribed to permit the patient to walk safely and independently immediately after total hip replacement (THR) surgery. Purpose of this study is to evaluate the influence of the crutch setup on upper limbs biomechanics, including shoulder joint kinematics and kinetics parameters that will be evaluated to detect possible differences related to the crutch length. Thirty patients were randomly assigned to elbow flexed (EF) or elbow extended (EE) forearm crutch setup. Subjects were asked to walk on the laboratory path, instrumented with motion tracking system and force platforms...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
Adam E M Eltorai, Wesley M Durand, Jack M Haglin, Lee E Rubin, Arnold-Peter C Weiss, Alan H Daniels
Understanding trends in reimbursement is critical to the financial sustainability of orthopedic practices. Little research has examined physician fee trends over time for orthopedic procedures. This study evaluated trends in Medicare reimbursements for orthopedic surgical procedures. The Medicare Physician Fee Schedule was examined for Current Procedural Terminology code values for the most common orthopedic and nonorthopedic procedures between 2000 and 2016. Prices were adjusted for inflation to 2016-dollar values...
March 1, 2018: Orthopedics
Y Yagoubi, H Hajji, S Smeti, M Mahouachi, M Kamoun, N Atti
The aim of this experiment was to study the effect of total replacement of oat hay by rosemary distillation residues (RR) on growth, carcass characteristics and meat quality of Barbarine lambs. A total of 21 lambs were divided into three groups. The control group (C) was offered 600 g of oat hay; the RR87 and RR60 groups received 600 g of pellets containing 87% and 60% of RR, respectively. The CP content was 9% and 14% for RR87 and RR60, respectively. All animals were supplemented by 600 g of concentrate. After 77 days of fattening, lambs were slaughtered...
February 15, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
Chandrakanth Boddu, Ashley Genza, Peter D McCann
BACKGROUND: We report our experience with a bridging multimodal pain management program that provides comprehensive 48-hour pain control in patients undergoing total shoulder replacement (TSR). METHODS: The study included all patients undergoing unilateral TSR by 1 surgeon between May 2015 and April 2017. There were 62 patients (23 men, 39 women) with an average age of 68 years (range 38-92 years). Of these, 31 underwent standard nonconstrained TSR and 31 underwent reverse TSR...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Sascha Beck, Verena Beck, Alexander Wegner, Marcel Dudda, Theodor Patsalis, Marcus Jäger
PURPOSE: Like in many other joints, current shoulder replacement designs aim at bone preservation. According to the literature available, stemless total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) compares favourably with stemmed designs in terms of function and survivorship of the implant. However, long-term results of stemless shoulder arthroplasty are still missing. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to evaluate long-term results of stemless anatomical TSA. METHODS: Between 2006 and 2009, 51 shoulders in 46 patients were resurfaced using the Biomet Total Evolutive Shoulder System (TESS)...
January 24, 2018: International Orthopaedics
Philipp R Heuberer, Georg Brandl, Leo Pauzenberger, Brenda Laky, Bernhard Kriegleder, Werner Anderl
BACKGROUND: Stemless shoulder arthroplasty is a fairly new concept. Clinical and radiological follow-up is essential to prove implant safety and concept. This prospective single-centre study was performed to evaluate the influence of radiological changes on clinical mid-term outcome following stemless humeral head replacement with hollow screw fixation. METHODS: Short- and mid-term radiological and clinical evaluations were performed in 73 consecutive shoulders treated mainly for idiopathic and posttraumatic osteoarthritis with stemless humeral head arthroplasty including 40 hemi- (HSA) and 33 total shoulder arthroplasties (TSA)...
January 22, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Nicole Schnider, Fiona Alena Forrer, Urs Brägger, Stefan Paul Hicklin
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical performance of one-piece, screw-retained implant crowns based on hand-veneered computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacture (CAD/CAM) zirconium dioxide abutments with a crossfit connection at least 1 year after insertion of the crown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients who had received at least one Straumann bone level implant and one-piece, screw-retained implant crowns fabricated with CARES zirconium dioxide abutments were reexamined...
January 2018: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
Ricardo Grieshaber-Bouyer, Christian Gerber
CASE: A 53-year-old man presented with osteoarthritis (Walch biconcave [B2] glenoid retroversion, 22°; glenohumeral subluxation index, 65%) and a partial rupture of the supraspinatus tendon in the left shoulder. Following anatomic total joint replacement, he developed disabling recurrent posterior subluxation despite a stable prosthesis and a correctly centered glenoid head, as observed with postoperative radiography and computed tomography. In order to avoid bone loss and the complications associated with revision arthroplasty, we performed arthroscopic reefing of the posterior capsule as an experimental minimally invasive treatment...
July 2017: JBJS Case Connector
Jennifer Hah, Sean C Mackey, Peter Schmidt, Rebecca McCue, Keith Humphreys, Jodie Trafton, Bradley Efron, Debra Clay, Yasamin Sharifzadeh, Gabriela Ruchelli, Stuart Goodman, James Huddleston, William J Maloney, Frederick M Dirbas, Joseph Shrager, John Costouros, Catherine Curtin, Ian Carroll
Importance: Guidelines recommend using gabapentin to decrease postoperative pain and opioid use, but significant variation exists in clinical practice. Objective: To determine the effect of perioperative gabapentin on remote postoperative time to pain resolution and opioid cessation. Design, Setting, and Participants: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of perioperative gabapentin was conducted at a single-center, tertiary referral teaching hospital...
December 13, 2017: JAMA Surgery
Bradley L Young, Shawna L Watson, Jorge L Perez, Gerald McGwin, Jasvinder A Singh, Brent A Ponce
OBJECTIVE: This study analyzed trends in large total joint arthroplasties (TJA) and in the proportion of these procedures performed on patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: The US Nationwide Inpatient Sample (2002-2012) was used to identify the incidences of total shoulder (TSA), elbow (TEA), knee (TKA), hip (THA), and ankle (TAA) arthroplasty and the proportion of these performed with coexisting RA. RESULTS: The prevalence of RA among patients with TJA increased 3...
February 2018: Journal of Rheumatology
Kathryn H Bridges, Sylvia H Wilson
Tranexamic Acid (TXA), an antifibrinolytic, is routinely used to decrease transfusion rates in total joint replacement surgery. While recent publications have indicated a low risk of TXA-associated thromboembolic events in this orthopedic population, few studies specifically address the safety of TXA administration in high-risk patients. We present a case of acute coronary thrombus requiring emergent intervention in a patient with indwelling coronary stents who underwent shoulder arthroplasty with TXA administration...
November 9, 2017: A & A Case Reports
Brian M Ilfeld, Rodney A Gabriel, Andrea M Trescot
Cryoneurolysis entails using low temperatures to reversibly ablate nerves, with a subsequent analgesia duration measured in weeks or months. Previously, clinical applications for acute pain were limited because treatment originally required exposing the target nerve surgically. However, three developments have now made it possible to provide prolonged postoperative analgesia by cryoneurolysis: 1) new portable, hand-held cryoneurolysis devices, 2) ultrasound machine proliferation, and, 3) anesthesiologists trained in ultrasound-guided peripheral nerve block administration...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
Eyal Ginesin, Yaniv Keren, Ofer Zachs, Doron Norman
BACKGROUND: Intra-articular elbow fractures are considered to be one of the most complex injuries in orthopedic trauma. Some are too comminuted for open reduction and internal fixation. Recently, total elbow replacement (TER) has gained popularity for the treatment of comminuted elbow trauma when other treatment options are not possible. METHODS: Since 2007-2013 we treated 18 patients with TER due to comminuted distal humeral fractures. We used the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand scoring system (DASH) to evaluate the patient's satisfaction...
September 2017: Harefuah
Pit Hetto, Matthias Bülhoff, Boris Sowa, Matthias C Klotz, Michael W Maier
BACKGROUND: Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) can improve function in cuff tear arthropathy (CTA) shoulders, but limited data are available on the effect of RSA on proprioception. The purpose of this study was the evaluation of the proprioception after RSA. METHOD: This study included fifteen consecutive patients (n = 15) who received an RSA. We measured an active angle reproduction (AAR) by a novel 3D motion analysis using the Heidelberg upper extremity model (HUX)...
December 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
Sean S Rajaee, Dheeraj Yalamanchili, Naudereh Noori, Eytan Debbi, James Mirocha, Carol A Lin, Charles N Moon
This study described surgical treatment patterns for proximal humerus fractures among elderly patients, focusing on reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA), and evaluated how the type of fixation affects inpatient factors (cost, length of stay), transfusion rates, and patient disposition (home vs skilled nursing facility). With Nationwide Inpatient Sample data from 2011 to 2013, the authors identified patients 65 years and older who had proximal humerus fractures and divided them into 3 groups: (1) open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF); (2) hemiarthroplasty; and (3) reverse TSA...
October 2, 2017: Orthopedics
Carlos Eduardo Afanador Bayona, Jeremy S Somerson, Frederick A Matsen
PURPOSE: National registries are valuable tools for understanding the results of shoulder arthroplasty across populations. These databases provide an unselected view of shoulder joint replacement within geographical areas that cannot be obtained from case series or prospective studies. They can be particularly helpful in determining which diagnoses, patients, procedures, and prostheses have higher than expected rates of revision. In an attempt to determine the generalizability of registry data, we asked, 'how similar are the patients and procedures among the different national registries?' METHODS: We analyzed national shoulder arthroplasty registries and databases accessed via Internet portals and through a PubMed literature search...
September 30, 2017: International Orthopaedics
Andre Wajnsztejn, Noel Oizerovici Foni, Dan Oizerovici, Robinson Esteves Santos Pires, Benno Ejnisman
Periprosthetic fractures is a severe complication after joint replacement. The rapidly increase of reverse shoulder arthroplasty surgeries, periprosthetic humeral fractures, which are described as rare, may increase in the near future. We report the case of displaced humeral fracture bellow the stem of reverse shoulder prosthesis. The patient was an 85-year-old woman who had a total shoulder replacement 6 years previously. The surgical solution consisted of plate osteossynthesis and cerclage. This report describes an unprecedented case in Brazilian literature; and gives an overview of the existing literature including this injury classification...
September 21, 2017: Einstein
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