keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Neurology and review

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551938/-horizontal-canal-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-hc-bppv-clinical-diagnostic-procedures
#1
REVIEW
Oz Zur, Ophir Ilan, Hadas Ben-Rubi Shimron, Eli Carmeli
Horizontal canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (HCBPPV) is one form of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. HC-BPPV is characterized by intermittent recurrent episodes of vertigo following a change in head position relative to gravity. HC-BPPV prevalence ranges from 5%-33% of all dizziness cases seen in otolaryngology, neurology and family physician clinics. Various factors, such as ear and head injury, can cause HC-BPPV. Cardiovascular disease and iatrogenic reasons are also implicated. Despite the prevalence of the disease, there are various forms of diagnostic procedures, some of which are unfamiliar to the therapist and some are controversial...
March 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551401/imaging-workup-of-suspected-classical-paraneoplastic-neurological-syndromes-a-systematic-review-and-retrospective-analysis-of-18-f-fdg-pet-ct
#2
Benedikt Sundermann, Jens-Burchard Schröder, Tobias Warnecke, Walter Heindel, Michael Schäfers, Matthias Weckesser, Boris Buerke
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the clinical efficacy of positron emission tomography (PET) or combined PET-computed tomography (CT) with (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) for whole-body cancer screening in patients with suspected paraneoplastic neurological syndromes (PNS). The following main research questions were addressed: What is the percentage of positive findings to be expected in whole-body FDG-PET-CT in adult patients with PNS? How many false positives can be expected as assessed by clinical and histopathological workup? Are there patients who present with a tumor despite initially negative findings? MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a systematic review of the literature and retrospective analysis of FDG-PET-CT and clinical follow-up data from 45 consecutive patients (age: 56...
May 24, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551379/review-of-1-000-consecutive-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-runs-as-a-quality-initiative
#3
Harold N Lovvorn, Daphne C Hardison, Heidi Chen, Ashly C Westrick, Melissa E Danko, Brian C Bridges, William F Walsh, John B Pietsch
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is a resource-intensive mode of life-support potentially applicable when conventional therapies fail. Given the initial success of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation to support neonates and infants in the 1980s, indications have expanded to include adolescents, adults, and selected moribund patients during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. This single-institution analysis was conducted to evaluate programmatic growth, outcomes, and risk for death despite extracorporeal membrane oxygenation across all ages and diseases...
May 24, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551302/acute-stroke-differential-diagnosis-stroke-mimics
#4
Pedro Vilela
Stroke mimics (SM) are non-vascular conditions that present with an acute neurological deficit simulating acute ischemic stroke and represent a significant percentage of all acute stroke hospital admissions. The most common clinical SM includes conversion/functional (psychiatric disorder); seizures and postictal paralysis; toxic-metabolic disturbances; brain tumours; infections, and migraine. Imaging is essential for SM recognition, being Diffusion weighted imaging (DWI), perfusion imaging and angiographic studies very useful...
May 5, 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551049/hypothermia-and-selective-antegrade-cerebral-perfusion-is-safe-for-arch-repair-in-type-a-dissection
#5
W Brent Keeling, Bradley G Leshnower, John C Hunting, Jose Binongo, Edward P Chen
BACKGROUND: Unilateral selective antegrade cerebral perfusion with moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest has been shown to be a safe and effective method of cerebral protection during surgery for acute type A dissection. This study evaluates the impact of this cerebral protection strategy on clinical outcomes after extended aortic arch reconstruction in patients undergoing emergent repair of acute type A dissection. METHODS: A retrospective review from 2004 to 2016 at a US academic center of patients undergoing surgery for acute type A dissections using moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest and selective antegrade cerebral perfusion was performed...
May 24, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550637/breaking-bad-the-structure-and-function-of-the-blood-brain-barrier-in-epilepsy
#6
Hadas Han, Aniv Mann, Dana Ekstein, Sara Eyal
Epilepsy is a neurological disease with variable etiology and clinical manifestation, affecting more than 50 million people worldwide. Although the ultimate precipitators of seizures are neurons, it is becoming evident that epileptic activity is associated with changes in the function of other cell types, including those consisting the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and regulating its permeability. The interrelationships between impaired BBB function and epilepsy are complex, as BBB dysfunction may both lead to seizures and be induced by epileptic activity...
May 26, 2017: AAPS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550611/-18-f-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-in-the-diagnosis-of-malignancy-in-patients-with-paraneoplastic-neurological-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Ana María García Vicente, Roberto C Delgado-Bolton, Mariano Amo-Salas, Jesús López-Fidalgo, Ana Paula Caresia Aróztegui, José Ramón García Garzón, Javier Orcajo Rincón, María José García Velloso, María de Arcocha Torres, Soledad Alvárez Ruíz
PURPOSE: The detection of occult cancer in patients suspected of having a paraneoplastic neurological syndrome (PNS) poses a diagnostic challenge. The aim of our study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the diagnostic performance of FDG PET for the detection of occult malignant disease responsible for PNS. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature (MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, and DARE) was undertaken to identify studies published in any language...
May 27, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550059/europe-wide-meta-analysis-of-borrelia-burgdorferi-sensu-lato-prevalence-in-questing-ixodes-ricinus-ticks
#8
Martin Strnad, Václav Hönig, Daniel Růžek, Libor Grubhoffer, Ryan O M Rego
Lyme borreliosis is the most common zoonotic disease transmitted by ticks in Europe and North America. Despite having multiple tick vectors, the causative agent Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, is vectored mainly by Ixodes ricinus in Europe. In the present study, we aimed to review and summarize the existing data published from 2010 to 2016 concerning the prevalence of B. burgdorferi s.l. spirochetes in questing I. ricinus The primary focus was to evaluate the infection rate of these bacteria in ticks, accounting for tick stage, adult tick gender, region and detection method, as well as to investigate any changes in prevalence over time...
May 26, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549892/radial-head-arthroplasty-in-the-active-duty-military-service-member-with-minimum-2-year-follow-up
#9
John C Dunn, Nicholas A Kusnezov, Logan R Koehler, Emmanuel D Eisenstein, Kelly G Kilcoyne, Justin D Orr, Justin S Mitchell
PURPOSE: Radial head arthroplasty (RHA) is a viable treatment for complex radial head fracture. Whereas elbow stability and function is typically restored at short- to mid-term follow-up, the outcome in higher-demand populations is not well defined. We sought to characterize the functional and occupational outcomes following RHA in an active duty military population with intense upper extremity demands. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of all U.S...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549641/treatment-of-moyamoya-disease-and-unruptured-intracranial-aneurysm-in-floating-harbor-syndrome-a-case-report
#10
Daniel J Coughlin, Charles A Miller, A Jesse Schuette
BACKGROUND: This is the first report of the successful treatment of moyamoya disease (MMD) and an unruptured intracranial aneurysm in a patient with Floating-Harbor Syndrome (FHS). CASE DESCRIPTION: A 35 year-old, phenotypically syndromic woman presented with signs and symptoms consistent with ischemic stroke. MRI and catheter angiography confirmed diagnosis of moyamoya and a 6 mm basilar apex artery aneurysm (BAA). She underwent right sided craniotomy for direct and indirect revascularization by means of superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) bypass and encephalo-duro-arterio-synangiosis (EDAS)...
May 23, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548996/distal-junctional-failure-following-pediatric-spinal-fusion
#11
Lorena V Floccari, Alvin W Su, Amy L McIntosh, Karl Rathjen, William J Shaughnessy, A Noelle Larson
BACKGROUND: Adjacent segment pathology is a known complication after spinal fusion, but little has been reported on junctional failure. A series of adolescent patients presented with acute distal junctional failure (DJF). We sought to determine any common features of these patients to develop a prevention strategy. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of pediatric patients who developed DJF after instrumented spinal fusion performed at 2 institutions from 1999 to 2013...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548892/immune-related-neurological-toxicities-among-solid-tumor-patients-treated-with-immune-checkpoint-inhibitors-a-systematic-review
#12
Mostafa Eltobgy, Hani Oweira, Ulf Petrausch, Daniel Helbling, Jan Schmidt, Arianeb Mehrabi, Othmar Schöb, Anwar Giryes, Michael Decker, Omar Abdel-Rahman
Immune-related neurologic toxicities are uncommon but serious adverse events that may be associated with the use of immune checkpoint inhibitors. The objective of this review is to assess the incidence and risk of neurologic toxicities which are potentially immune-related and occur with immune checkpoint treatment of solid tumors. Areas covered: PubMed database has been searched till January 2017. Clinical trials, case series and case reports reporting the occurrence of immune-related neurologic toxicities in solid tumor patients treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors were included...
May 26, 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548558/the-role-of-genetic-testing-in-epilepsy-diagnosis-and-management
#13
Yvonne G Weber, Saskia Biskup, Katherine L Helbig, Sarah von Spiczak, Holger Lerche
Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder characterized by recurrent unprovoked seizures. More than 500 epilepsy-associated genes have been described in the literature. Most of these genes play an important role in neuronal excitability, cortical development or synaptic transmission. A growing number of genetic variations have implications on diagnosis and prognostic or therapeutic advice in terms of a personalized medicine. Area covered: The review presents the different forms of genetic epilepsies with respect to their underlying genetic and functional pathophysiology and aims to give advice for recommended genetic testing...
May 26, 2017: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548544/neuropsychological-impairment-in-hashimoto-s-encephalopathy-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#14
Liorah Sabbah-Talasazan, Irene Piryatinsky
Hashimoto's encephalopathy (HE) is a rare neurological syndrome characterized by the presence of positive serum antithyroid antibodies, altered mental status, and clinical response to glucocorticoid therapy. Although HE has been documented in the literature from a medical standpoint, reports on the neuropsychological presentation of this syndrome are scarce. This article presents a literature review of cognitive deficits reported in HE cases. In addition, we describe the case of a 76-year-old Russian speaking woman diagnosed with HE in May 2012...
May 26, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548479/insular-gliomas-a-surgical-reappraisal-based-on-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#15
Domenico Murrone, Rodolfo Maduri, Afif Afif, Domenico Chirchiglia, Isabelle Pelissou-Guyotat, Jacques Guyotat, Francesco Signorelli
INTRODUCTION: Insular gliomas are heterogeneous lesions whose management presents multiple challenges for their tendency to affect young patients in good neurological and cognitive conditions, their deep anatomic location and proximity with critical functional and vascular structures. The appropriate management of insular gliomas requires a multidisciplinary evidence-centred teamwork grounded on the best anatomic, neurophysiological and oncological knowledge. The present study provides a reappraisal of the management of insular gliomas based on a systematic review of the literature with the aim of guiding clinicians in the management of such tumors...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548107/current-controversies-in-brain-death-determination
#16
REVIEW
Ariane Lewis, David Greer
Although the concept of brain death is accepted by the majority of physicians, lawyers, ethicists and society at large, controversies about determination of death by neurological criteria persist, and often reach the public eye. In this article, we examine four prominent controversial brain death cases from 2013-2016. We review current controversies, including protocol variability, recognition of the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) criteria for brain death as an accepted medical standard, and management of objections to discontinuation of organ support after determination of brain death...
May 26, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548003/medicolegal-cases-involving-periviable-births-from-a-major-united-states-legal-database
#17
Hemananda Muniraman, Miranda Cascione, Rangasamy Ramanathan, Jimmy Nguyen
OBJECTIVE: The management of expectant mothers and infants born at the threshold of viability is challenging. We describe medicolegal cases from a major United States legal database involving periviable births in an effort to identify areas for improvement. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective review of all United States state and federal cases in the Westlaw database from 1980 through 2016 involving peripartum and immediate post-delivery management of infants born between 22 0/7 and 25 6/7 weeks' gestation...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547853/the-efficacy-of-high-density-spinal-cord-stimulation-among-trial-implant-and-conversion-patients-a-retrospective-case-series
#18
David A Provenzano, Jared Rebman, Cody Kuhel, Hilary Trenz, Jason Kilgore
OBJECTIVES: Methods of energy delivery for traditional spinal cord stimulation (SCS) systems consist of adjusting programming parameters to affect the total charge delivered per unit time. One high electrical charge delivery method being considered is subthreshold high density (HD) programming. To date, there is limited clinical evidence for the efficacy and safety of paresthesia-free HD programming. The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy and safety of HD programming. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on HD-programmed SCS patients with a minimum of one year follow-up...
May 25, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547318/a-systematic-review-of-alpha-2-agonists-for-sedation-in-mechanically-ventilated-neurocritical-care-patients
#19
Alexandre Tran, Henrietta Blinder, Brian Hutton, Shane W English
The use of sedative medications is commonplace in intensive care units (ICUs) and an invaluable clinical tool for the intensive care physician. Sedation for critically ill, mechanically ventilated patients provides an opportunity to reduce anxiety, discomfort as well as ventilator intolerance and dyssynchrony. Alpha-2 agonists in particular have become increasingly popular for use in the neurocritical care population due to their proposed effectiveness in facilitating examinations and procedures as well as reducing the need for adjunctive agents...
May 25, 2017: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546872/cervical-osteochondroma-with-neurological-symptoms-literature-review-and-a-case-report
#20
Iraj Lotfinia, Amir Vahedi, Kamkar Aeinfar, Richard S Tubbs, Payman Vahedi
INTRODUCTION: Osteochondromas are common benign tumors of bone and spinal involvement is uncommon. Solitary spinal osteochondromas may produce a wide variety of symptoms depending on their location and relationship to adjacent neural structures. CASE PRESENTATION: Herein, we present a case of solitary osteochondroma arising from the posterior arch of C1, causing left-sided ascending numbness and paresthesia and difficulty walking. The lesion was totally resected through a posterior approach...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
keyword
keyword
7860
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"