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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119193/outpatient-management-of-knee-osteoarthritis
#1
Yiyang Liow, Wilson Wang, Victor Weng Keong Loh
Osteoarthritis of the knee is a common disease that causes significant disability. Most patients can be managed conservatively in the outpatient setting. A small minority require surgery. The cornerstones of treatment are weight loss, exercise and analgesia. Walking aids, medial patellar taping, acupuncture and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation are useful management adjuncts. Current evidence does not support routine prescription of glucosamine and chondroitin supplements. Early consultation with an orthopaedic surgeon should be made when conservative measures fail...
October 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072026/functional-outcomes-of-kinesio-taping-versus-standard-orthotics-in-the-management-of-shin-splint
#2
Shaji J Kachanathu, Fahad S Algarni, Shibili Nuhmani, Aqeel M Alenazi, Ashraf R Hafez, Abdulrahman D Algarni
BACKGROUND: Exercise-related or lower-limb overuse injury characterized by pain located between the knee and the ankle that occurs during activity is commonly referred to as shin splint. Hyperpronation is considered the ultimate culprit in the development of overuse injuries such as shin splint. This study endeavors to compare the functional outcomes of the most commonly used anti-pronation techniques, kinesio taping and standard orthotics. METHODS: A total of 40 subjects (mean age, 24...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040289/sole-vibration-improves-locomotion-through-the-recovery-of-joint-movements-in-a-mouse-cast-model
#3
Atsushi Doi, Kazuaki Miyamoto, Yu-Shin Nakano, Juntaro Sakasaki, Syota Kasae, Keisuke Nishimura, Min-Chul Shin, Megumu Yoshimura
We investigated the effects of a vibratory stimulus on the plantar surface of the hind limb for motor, sensory, and locomotive function using a mouse cast model. The right knee joint of C57BL/6 male mice (7 weeks, 20 g, n = 31) was flexed with aluminum splint and tape for 6 weeks. These mice were randomly divided into 2 groups (control group, n = 11 and vibration group, n = 12). The mice in the vibration group received vibration on the sole of the ankle for 15 minutes per day, 5 days per week. After the knee joint cast was removed, we measured the range of motion (ROM) of both knee and ankle joints and the sensory threshold of the sole...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037636/effects-of-kinesio-taping-%C3%A2-on-knee-function-and-pain-in-athletes-with-patellofemoral-pain-syndrome
#4
Elaheh Aghapour, Fahimeh Kamali, Ehsan Sinaei
OBJECTIVE: To compare the knee performance and pain in athletes with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) before and after applying Kinesio Tape(®) (KT) on vastus medialis obliquus (VMO) muscle. PARTICIPANTS: Fifteen participants (10 females, five males) with unilateral PFPS were examined and compared under taped and untaped conditions. INTERVENTION: VMO of the involved leg was taped from origin to insertion, with 75% of KT's maximal length tension...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979605/medial-patellofemoral-ligament-reconstruction-using-the-hamstring-tendon-for-patellofemoral-joint-instability-in-an-81-year-old-female
#5
Tsuneari Takahashi, Katsushi Takeshita
INTRODUCTION: Chronic patellofemoral instability occurs mainly in adolescent females and can also be induced by medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) injury. There are no case reports of MPFL reconstruction for chronic patellofemoral instability due to MPFL injury in aged populations. CASE PRESENTATION: 81-year-old female presented with left knee pain, giving way, and patellar instability while climbing stairs, which continued for 18 months. Patellar apprehension test was positive, and roentgenogram showed lateral patellar subluxation...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953186/a-novel-mobility-device-to-improve-walking-for-a-child-with-cerebral-palsy
#6
Andrea Fergus
PURPOSE: To describe the use and outcomes associated with the Upsee in conjunction with Kinesiotape for a child with cerebral palsy. DESCRIPTIONS: The Upsee and Kinesiotaping were implemented for 24 weeks with a 31-month-old child with cerebral palsy, Gross Motor Function Classification System level III. OUTCOMES: She progressed from walking with maximal assistance and extensive gait deviations to walking with supervision with a walker on level surfaces with improved gait...
October 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931985/effects-of-magnetic-field-therapy-after-taping-application-on-pain-and-function-of-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#7
Sang-Hyuck Park, Young-Han Park, Jung-Ho Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of study was to investigate the effect of taping applied before magnetic field therapy. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty patients who diagnosed with knee arthritis by a specialist in the rehabilitation department were divided into three groups using the random allocation method. The control group received 15 min general physiotherapy. For the experimental group 1, non-elastic taping was applied to the medial side of the knee after general physiotherapy, followed by a 15 min magnetic field therapy...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929187/modern-synthetic-material-is-a-safe-and-effective-alternative-for-medial-patellofemoral-ligament-reconstruction
#8
Paul Y F Lee, David Golding, Sam Rozewicz, Amit Chandratreya
PURPOSE: Medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction is often performed using gracilis autografts, which may be associated with donor site morbidity and complications. The use of a synthetic material can circumvent a harvest operation and has previously been demonstrated to be effective in other types of reconstructive procedures and may be effective in MPFL reconstruction. This study reports the clinical result with the use of a modern ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene with a braided jacket of polyester tape (FT) in MPFL reconstruction compared to using standard autografts...
September 19, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918534/do-surgical-helmet-systems-affect-intraoperative-wound-contamination-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Otis C Shirley, Ali Bayan, Mark Zhu, James P Dalton, Siouxsie Wiles, Simon W Young
BACKGROUND: Deep infection following arthroplasty remains a devastating complication. Some registry data suggests that modern positive-pressure surgical helmet systems (SHS) are associated with a paradoxical increase in infection rates, and as such their role in arthroplasty remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate whether SHS increase wound contamination in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and if this contamination can be reduced by placing tape around the gown/glove interface...
September 16, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772129/the-effects-of-ankle-braces-and-taping-on-lower-extremity-running-kinematics-and-energy-expenditure-in-healthy-non-injured-adults
#10
Kaori Tamura, Kara N Radzak, Rachele E Vogelpohl, Bethany A Wisthoff, Yukiya Oba, Ronald K Hetzler, Christopher D Stickley
Ankle braces and taping are commonly used to prevent ankle sprains and allow return to play following injury, however, it is unclear how passive restriction of joint motion may effect running gait kinematics and energy expenditure during exercise. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of different types of ankle supports on lower extremity kinematics and energy expenditure during continuous running. Thirteen healthy physically active adults ran at self-selected speed on the treadmill for 30min in four different ankle support conditions: semi-rigid hinged brace, lace-up brace, tape and control...
October 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726053/the-effect-of-different-ankle-and-knee-supports-on-balance-in-early-ambulation-of-post-stroke-hemiplegic-patients
#11
Burcu Talu, Zilan Bazancir
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of different ankle and knee supports on balance in early ambulation of post-stroke hemiplegic patients. This is a randomized experimental study. The study sample included 20 hemiplegic patients who were able to stand with support and who had been diagnosed with a cerebrovascular accident within the last month. A knee immobilization brace (KIB) was first placed on each individual (first application), followed by placement of knee immobilizer brace and Foot Lifter Orthosis ® (FLO) (second application), and lastly, placement of KIB and rigid taping (RT) (third application)...
July 19, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713536/neuromuscular-taping-application-in-counter-movement-jump-biomechanical-insight-in-a-group-of-healthy-basketball-players
#12
Giuseppe Marcolin, Alessandro Buriani, Andrea Giacomelli, David Blow, Davide Grigoletto, Marco Gesi
Kinesiologic elastic tape is widely used for both clinical and sport applications although its efficacy in enhancing agonistic performance is still controversial. Aim of the study was to verify in a group of healthy basketball players whether a neuromuscular taping application (NMT) on ankle and knee joints could affect the kinematic and the kinetic parameters of the jump, either by enhancing or inhibiting the functional performance. Fourteen healthy male basketball players without any ongoing pathologies at upper limbs, lower limbs and trunk volunteered in the study...
June 24, 2017: European Journal of Translational Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660785/non-elastic-taping-but-not-elastic-taping-provides-benefits-for-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-systemic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Jin-Han Ouyang, Kwang-Hwa Chang, Wen-Yen Hsu, Yen-Ting Cho, Tsan-Hon Liou, Yen-Nung Lin
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether therapeutic taping, which includes elastic (Kinesio tape) and non-elastic (Leukotape) taping, is superior to control taping in improving pain and functions for patients with knee arthritis. To understand whether both elastic and non-elastic taping are beneficial. METHODS: We searched the PubMed and Scopus databases from their earliest record to 31 May 2017 for randomized controlled and cross-over studies that used taping to treat knee osteoarthritis...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655128/clinical-outcomes-of-kinesio-taping-applied-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Onur Aydoğdu, Zübeyir Sari, S Ufuk Yurdalan, M Gülden Polat
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare kinesio taping along with conventional treatment to conventional treatment alone and to report the results of both a single and repetitive kinesio taping application applied on quadriceps femoris and hamstring muscles on pain, range of motion, muscle strength, and functional status in patients with knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: Fifty-four patients with knee osteoarthritis were randomly allocated to two groups. A total of 28 patients were included in kinesio taping group, others were included in the control group...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652829/patellofemoral-pain-in-athletes
#15
REVIEW
Wolf Petersen, Ingo Rembitzki, Christian Liebau
Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is a frequent cause of anterior knee pain in athletes, which affects patients with and without structural patellofemoral joint (PFJ) damage. Most younger patients do not have any structural changes to the PFJ, such as an increased Q angle and a cartilage damage. This clinical entity is known as patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). Older patients usually present with signs of patellofemoral osteoarthritis (PFOA). A key factor in PFPS development is dynamic valgus of the lower extremity, which leads to lateral patellar maltracking...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617653/systematic-review-of-the-effect-of-taping-techniques-on-patellofemoral-pain-syndrome
#16
REVIEW
Catherine A Logan, Abhiram R Bhashyam, Ashley J Tisosky, Daniel B Haber, Anna Jorgensen, Adam Roy, Matthew T Provencher
CONTEXT: Taping is commonly used in the management of several musculoskeletal conditions, including patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). Specific guidelines for taping are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of knee taping in the management of PFPS. Our hypothesis was that tension taping and exercise would be superior to placebo taping and exercise as well as to exercise or taping alone. DATA SOURCES: The PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane, Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine Source, and CINAHL databases were reviewed for English-language randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the efficacy of various taping techniques that were published between 1995 and April 2015...
September 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580272/proximal-patellar-tendon-repair-internal-brace-technique-with-unicortical-buttons-and-suture-tape
#17
George Sanchez, Marcio B Ferrari, Anthony Sanchez, Gilbert Moatshe, Jorge Chahla, Nicholas DePhillipo, Matthew T Provencher
Patellar tendon ruptures may be considerably limiting, especially in younger and highly active patients. These injuries ultimately result in a complete inability to maintain extension of the knee, thereby placing strict impediment on physical activity. As a result, a durable repair construct via surgery is necessary to allow patients to return to their preinjury activity level. Because of the inherent difficulty in maintaining patellar tendon position after repair, and to avoid failure of the tendon healing to the patella, we recommend using an internal brace construct...
April 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515980/investigating-the-effectiveness-of-kinesio%C3%A2-taping-space-correction-method-in-healthy-adults-on-patellofemoral-joint-and-subcutaneous-space
#18
Katie J Lyman, Kassiann Keister, Kara Gange, Christopher D Mellinger, Thomas A Hanson
BACKGROUND: Limited quantitative, physiological evidence exists regarding the effectiveness of Kinesio® Taping methods, particularly with respect to the potential ability to impact underlying physiological joint space and structures. To better understand the impact of these techniques, the underlying physiological processes must be investigated in addition to the examination of more subjective measures related to pain in unhealthy tissues. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the Kinesio® Taping Space Correction Method created a significant difference in patellofemoral joint space, as quantified by diagnostic ultrasound...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482879/current-management-strategies-for-patellofemoral-pain-an-online-survey-of-99-practising-uk-physiotherapists
#19
Benjamin E Smith, Paul Hendrick, Marcus Bateman, Fiona Moffatt, Michael Skovdal Rathleff, James Selfe, Toby O Smith, Pip Logan
BACKGROUND: Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is considered one of the commonest forms of knee pain. This study aimed to identify how physiotherapists in the United Kingdom (UK) currently manage patellofemoral pain (PFP), particularly in relation to exercise prescription, and response to pain. METHODS: An anonymous survey was designed with reference to previous surveys and recent systematic reviews. Practising UK physiotherapists who treat patients with PFP were invited to take part via an invitation email sent through professional networks, the 'interactive Chartered Society of Physiotherapy (iCSP)' message board, and social media (Twitter)...
May 8, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447184/electromyographic-evaluation-of-high-intensity-elastic-resistance-exercises-for-lower-extremity-muscles-during-bed-rest
#20
Jonas Vinstrup, Sebastian Skals, Joaquin Calatayud, Markus Due Jakobsen, Emil Sundstrup, Matheus Daros Pinto, Mikel Izquierdo, Yuling Wang, Mette K Zebis, Lars Louis Andersen
PURPOSE: Prolonged hospital bed rest after severe injury or disease leads to rapid muscle atrophy and strength loss. Therefore, the main aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of lower extremity strengthening exercises using elastic resistance that can be performed while lying in a hospital bed. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, 22 healthy individuals performed three consecutive repetitions of 14 different lower extremity exercises using elastic resistance, with a perceived intensity corresponding to 8 on the Borg CR-10 scale...
July 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
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