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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144997/examination-of-a-therapeutic-recreation-based-clinical-placement-for-undergraduate-nursing-students-a-self-determined-perspective
#1
Dana Perlman, Ellie Taylor, Lorna Moxham, Susan Sumskis, Christopher Patterson, Renee Brighton, Tim Heffernan
Nursing students across the globe are expected to undertake clinical placements. To date, there have been no studies that have examined the potential educational benefits for undergraduate nursing students engaged in a mental health clinical placement grounded in self-determination theory. The present study examined the experiences of undergraduate students engaged in a mental health clinical placement termed Recovery Camp. An ethnographic methodology within a case study approach was used. The researchers were immersed in the clinical placement, which took place at a YMCA camp facility...
November 10, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137723/the-promise-and-problems-of-non-physician-practitioners-in-general-surgery-education-results-of-a-multi-center-mixed-methods-study-of-faculty
#2
James E Coverdill, Jeff Scott Shelton, Adnan Alseidi, David C Borgstrom, Daniel L Dent, Russell Dumire, Jonathan Fryer, Thomas H Hartranft, Steven B Holsten, M Timothy Nelson, Mohsen M Shabahang, Stanley R Sherman, Paula M Termuhlen, Randy J Woods, John D Mellinger
BACKGROUND: Nurse Practitioners and Physician Assistants - called non-physician practitioners or NPPs - are common, but little is known about their educational promise and problems. METHODS: General surgery faculty in 13 residency programs were surveyed (N = 279 with a 71% response rate) and interviewed (N = 43) about experiences with NPPs. The survey documents overall patterns and differences by program type and primary service; interviews point to deeper rationales and concerns...
November 5, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137662/peer-assisted-learning-among-sri-lankan-medical-undergraduates-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Nipun Lakshitha de Silva, Balasundaram Parththipan, Chaturaka Rodrigo, Godwin Constantine, Sumadhya Deepika Fernando, Senaka Rajapakse
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to; (a) evaluate the current practices of peer assisted learning among second year and final year medical students of Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka; (b) identify reasons for engaging in peer assisted learning; (c) identify perceived weaknesses in current learning activities; and (d) determine student characteristics associated with engaging in peer assisted learning. RESULTS: This cross sectional study interviewed two hundred and eighty-four eligible students...
November 14, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135854/an-academic-practice-partnership-model-to-grow-and-sustain-advanced-practice-nursing
#4
Tracy E Williams, Patricia B Howard
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this article were to describe the implementation of an academic-practice partnership for healthcare system workforce development and provide preliminary outcomes of the associated pilot study. BACKGROUND: The demand for cross-continuum healthcare delivery models necessitates creation of workforce development structures for advanced practice nursing. METHODS: An academic-practice partnership specified enrollment of 5 cohorts of BSN staff nurses in a 3-year DNP program...
December 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135750/student-and-educator-experiences-of-maternal-child-simulation-based-learning-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#5
Karen MacKinnon, Lenora Marcellus, Julie Rivers, Carol Gordon, Maureen Ryan, Diane Butcher
BACKGROUND: Although maternal-child care is a pillar of primary health care, there is a global shortage of maternal-child health care providers. Nurse educators experience difficulties providing undergraduate students with maternal-child learning experiences for a number of reasons. Simulation has the potential to complement learning in clinical and classroom settings. Although systematic reviews of simulation are available, no systematic reviews of qualitative evidence related to maternal-child simulation-based learning (SBL) for undergraduate nursing students and/or educators have been located...
November 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133818/searching-for-prostate-cancer-by-fully-automated-magnetic-resonance-imaging-classification-deep-learning-versus-non-deep-learning
#6
Xinggang Wang, Wei Yang, Jeffrey Weinreb, Juan Han, Qiubai Li, Xiangchuang Kong, Yongluan Yan, Zan Ke, Bo Luo, Tao Liu, Liang Wang
Prostate cancer (PCa) is a major cause of death since ancient time documented in Egyptian Ptolemaic mummy imaging. PCa detection is critical to personalized medicine and varies considerably under an MRI scan. 172 patients with 2,602 morphologic images (axial 2D T2-weighted imaging) of the prostate were obtained. A deep learning with deep convolutional neural network (DCNN) and a non-deep learning with SIFT image feature and bag-of-word (BoW), a representative method for image recognition and analysis, were used to distinguish pathologically confirmed PCa patients from prostate benign conditions (BCs) patients with prostatitis or prostate benign hyperplasia (BPH)...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133589/precision-oncology-beyond-targeted-therapy-combining-omics-data-with-machine-learning-matches-the-majority-of-cancer-cells-to-effective-therapeutics
#7
Michael Q Ding, Lujia Chen, Gregory F Cooper, Jonathan D Young, Xinghua Lu
Precision oncology involves identifying drugs that will effectively treat a tumor and then prescribing an optimal clinical treatment regimen. However, most first-line chemotherapy drugs do not have biomarkers to guide their application. For molecularly targeted drugs, using the genomic status of a drug target as a therapeutic indicator has limitations. In this study, machine learning methods (e.g., deep learning) were used to identify informative features from genome scale omics data and to train classifiers for predicting the effectiveness of drugs in cancer cell lines...
November 13, 2017: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129456/a-canadian-cross-sectional-survey-on-psychosocial-supports-for-people-living-type-1-or-2-diabetes-health-care-providers-awareness-capacity-and-motivation
#8
Jennica Nichols, Michael Vallis, Stephanie Boutette, Carolyn Gall Casey, Catherine H Yu
OBJECTIVES: Addressing psychosocial issues is critical for diabetes self-management. This work explores health-care professionals' (HCPs') 1) perceived relevance of various psychosocial issues in diabetes management and 2) confidence in working on these issues within their services. METHODS: An online cross-sectional survey was developed based on the Capacity-Opportunity-Motivation Behaviour Model. It assessed self-rated confidence in supporting patients with psychosocial issues (capability), perceived relevance of these issues (motivation) and facilitators of skill development (opportunity)...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128989/infant-mortality-lessons-learned-from-a-fetal-and-infant-mortality-review-program
#9
Haywood L Brown, Mark Smith, Yvonne Beasley, Teri Conard, Anne Lise Musselman, Virginia A Caine
Objective To review fetal and infant deaths from women enrolled in Indianapolis Healthy Start using the National Fetal and Infant Mortality Review (FIMR) methods to provide strategies for prevention. METHODS: Marion County Public Health Department (MCPHD) FIMR staff identified and reviewed 22 fetal and infant deaths to Indianapolis Healthy Start program participants between 2005 and 2012. Trained FIMR nurses completed 13 of 20 maternal interviews and compiled case summaries of all deaths from the MCPHD FIMR database...
November 11, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128735/nursing-and-midwifery-students-experiences-with-the-course-of-infertility-and-assisted-reproductive-techniques-a-focus-group-study-from-turkey
#10
Gozde Gokçe Isbir, Yeter Durgun Ozan
Nurses and midwifes without sufficient knowledge of infertilitare not likely to provide counseling and support for people suffering from infertility. This study aimed to evaluate nursing and midwifery students' experiences with the Course on Infertility and Assisted Reproductive Techniques. Our study had a qualitative descriptive design. Total number of the participants was 75. The analysis revealed five primary themes and twenty-one sub-themes. The themes were (1) action, (2) learner centered method, (3) interaction, (4) nursing competencies, and (5) evaluation...
October 7, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126602/the-potential-of-blended-learning-in-education-and-training-for-advanced-civilian-and-military-trauma-care
#11
Linda Sonesson, Kenneth Boffard, Lars Lundberg, Martin Rydmark, Klas Karlgren
INTRODUCTION: In the field of advanced care of the complex trauma patient, there is an emerging need for focused education and training. However, several hospitals do not support further education and training in this field, and the challenge of releasing time for physicians and nurses is well-known. Educational strategies using blended learning, which combines traditional classroom methods with modern computer-assisted methods and media, have not yet been widely used. This study analysed the educational challenges and areas for improvement, according to senior physicians and nurses, and investigated the potential use of blended learning...
November 6, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121552/developing-digital-educational-materials-for-nursing-and-sustainability-the-results-of-an-observational-study
#12
Carmen Álvarez-Nieto, Janet Richardson, Gema Parra-Anguita, Manuel Linares-Abad, Norma Huss, M Luisa Grande-Gascón, Jane Grose, Maud Huynen, Isabel M López-Medina
BACKGROUND: There is limited European literature on nursing and sustainability; nursing students are poorly prepared on the connections between resources, climate change, sustainability, and health, so they must acquire knowledge and develop skills and competencies in this field. The use of digital technologies and teaching via E-learning has grown, and has been widely adopted as a learning method for nursing. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study was to test and evaluate digital educational materials on environmental sustainability and health, in the context of university nursing education in different European countries...
October 31, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120912/effects-of-a-system-thinking-based-simulation-program-for-congestive-heart-failure
#13
Hyeon-Young Kim, Eun Kyoung Yun
This study evaluated a system thinking-based simulation program for the care of patients with congestive heart failure. Participants were 67 undergraduate nursing students from a nursing college in Seoul, South Korea. The experimental group was given a 4-hour system-thinking program and a 2-hour simulation program, whereas the control group had a 4-hour case study and a 2-hour simulation program. There were significant improvements in critical thinking in both groups, but no significant group differences between educational methods (F = 3...
November 8, 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120459/informative-priors-on-fetal-fraction-increase-power-of-the-noninvasive-prenatal-screen
#14
Hanli Xu, Shaowei Wang, Lin-Lin Ma, Shuai Huang, Lin Liang, Qian Liu, Yang-Yang Liu, Ke-Di Liu, Ze-Min Tan, Hao Ban, Yongtao Guan, Zuhong Lu
PurposeNoninvasive prenatal screening (NIPS) sequences a mixture of the maternal and fetal cell-free DNA. Fetal trisomy can be detected by examining chromosomal dosages estimated from sequencing reads. The traditional method uses the Z-test, which compares a subject against a set of euploid controls, where the information of fetal fraction is not fully utilized. Here we present a Bayesian method that leverages informative priors on the fetal fraction.MethodOur Bayesian method combines the Z-test likelihood and informative priors of the fetal fraction, which are learned from the sex chromosomes, to compute Bayes factors...
November 9, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119470/failure-to-flow-an-exploration-of-learning-and-teaching-in-busy-multi-patient-environments-using-an-interpretive-description-method
#15
Teresa M Chan, Kenneth Van Dewark, Jonathan Sherbino, Alan Schwartz, Geoff Norman, Matthew Lineberry
INTRODUCTION: As patient volumes continue to increase, more attention must be paid to skills that foster efficiency without sacrificing patient safety. The emergency department is a fertile ground for examining leadership and management skills, especially those that concern prioritization in multi-patient environments. We sought to understand the needs of emergency physicians (EPs) and emergency medicine junior trainees with regards to teaching and learning about how best to handle busy, multi-patient environments...
November 8, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115755/nurses-as-participants-in-research-an-evaluation-of-recruitment-techniques
#16
Lauretta Luck, Harrison Ng Chok, Lesley Wilkes
BACKGROUND: Recruitment and retention of participants, as well as response rates, can be challenging in nursing research. This can be because of the questions asked; the choice of methodology; the methods used to collect data; the characteristics of potential participants; the sample size required; and the duration of the study. Additionally, conducting research with nurses as participants presents several issues for them, including the time needed to participate in the research, the competing commitments for clinical practice, the political and environmental climate, and recruitment itself...
September 19, 2017: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114345/attitudes-towards-sub-domains-of-professionalism-in-medical-education-defining-social-accountability-in-the-globalizing-world
#17
David Ponka, Douglas Archibald, Jessica Ngan, Brendan Wong, Sharon Johnston
Background: Unmet health needs of populations around the world are a major contributor to lagging health outcomes globally. Medical professionals have a duty to address the health needs of their communities. In a globalizing world, the needs may seem limitless. Yet, most training involves immersion in one health system and its resources. How do practitioners reconcile this potentially limitless demand with their focused training and in understanding their duty to the populations they serve? Methods: A mixed-method design was used...
April 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112897/integrity-in-nursing-students-a-concept-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Christine A Devine, Elizabeth Danells Chin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to clarify the concept of nursing student integrity. Unlike published reviews that highlight the absence of integrity, the author sought to identify the positive defining characteristics of integrity. DESIGN: Concept analysis. DATA SOURCES: A literature review was conducted using the Cumulative Index for Nursing and Allied Health, Social Science Index, Psyc Info and Medline. Inclusion criteria included peer reviewed articles, written in English, with no limitation on publication date...
October 31, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110668/measuring-the-bias-against-low-income-country-research-an-implicit-association-test
#19
Matthew Harris, James Macinko, Geronimo Jimenez, Pricila Mullachery
BACKGROUND: With an increasing array of innovations and research emerging from low-income countries there is a growing recognition that even high-income countries could learn from these contexts. It is well known that the source of a product influences perception of that product, but little research has examined whether this applies also in evidence-based medicine and decision-making. In order to examine likely barriers to learning from low-income countries, this study uses established methods in cognitive psychology to explore whether healthcare professionals and researchers implicitly associate good research with rich countries more so than with poor countries...
November 6, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102051/improving-knowledge-and-compliance-with-infection-control-standard-precautions-among-undergraduate-nursing-students-in-jordan
#20
Zeinab M Hassan
INTRODUCTION: The recent emergence and reemergence of infectious diseases have made the knowledge and practice of standard infection control precautions in developing countries more important than ever. However, schools of nursing in Jordan do not have a prescribed curriculum in Standard Precautions. PURPOSE: To test the effectiveness of using of an online education module and a learning contract on knowledge and compliance with infection control Standard Precautions among undergraduate nursing students in Jordan...
October 25, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
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