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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786027/curriculum-development-for-a-module-on-noncommunicable-diseases-for-the-master-of-public-health-program
#1
Anu Mary Oommen, Rashmi Vyas, Minnie Faith, Dhayakani Selvakumar, Kuryan George
Background: As the burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) has been rising globally, various educational programs have introduced chronic disease epidemiology teaching, which is now a component of most of the Master of Public Health (MPH) programs. However, the process of curriculum development for these courses has not been adequately documented for use by educators planning such courses. Methods: A detailed process of curriculum development based on David Kern's six-step approach was undertaken for a 2-week course on NCDs, as part of the MPH program of a tertiary institution in South India...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785174/communication-in-mental-health-nursing-bachelor-students-appraisal-of-a-blended-learning-training-programme-an-exploratory-study
#2
Merete Furnes, Kari Sofie Kvaal, Sevald Høye
Background: It is important that mental health nursing students at Bachelor level obtain effective communication skills. Many students dread the fact that in the mental health field they will encounter patients and relatives with various backgrounds and personalities. Large classes and limited teaching resources in nursing education are challenging. To prepare students for mental health nursing practice, a communication skills course based on the blended learning method was developed and carried out at two different campuses...
2018: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784634/evaluation-of-app-based-serious-gaming-as-a-training-method-in-teaching-chest-tube-insertion-to-medical-students-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Patrick Haubruck, Felix Nickel, Julian Ober, Tilman Walker, Christian Bergdolt, Mirco Friedrich, Beat Peter Müller-Stich, Franziska Forchheim, Christian Fischer, Gerhard Schmidmaier, Michael C Tanner
BACKGROUND: The insertion of a chest tube should be as quick and accurate as possible to maximize the benefit and minimize possible complications for the patient. Therefore, comprehensive training and assessment before an emergency situation are essential for proficiency in chest tube insertion. Serious games have become more prevalent in surgical training because they enable students to study and train a procedure independently, and errors made have no effect on patients. However, up-to-date evidence regarding the effect of serious games on performance in procedures in emergency medicine remains scarce...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784537/artificial-intelligence-a-joint-narrative-on-potential-use-in-pediatric-stem-and-immune-cell-therapies-and-regenerative-medicine
#4
REVIEW
Irena Sniecinski, Jerard Seghatchian
Artificial Intelligence (AI) reflects the intelligence exhibited by machines and software. It is a highly desirable academic field of many current fields of studies. Leading AI researchers describe the field as "the study and design of intelligent agents". McCarthy invented this term in 1955 and defined it as "the science and engineering of making intelligent machines". The central goals of AI research are reasoning, knowledge, planning, learning, natural language processing (communication), perception and the ability to move and manipulate objects...
May 9, 2018: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780789/a-fundamentals-train-the-trainer-approach-to-building-pediatric-critical-care-expertise-in-the-developing-world
#5
Sheri S Crow, Beth A Ballinger, Mariela Rivera, David Tsibadze, Nino Gakhokidze, Nino Zavrashvili, Matthew J Ritter, Grace M Arteaga
Pediatric Fundamental Critical Care Support (PFCCS) is an educational tool for training non-intensivists, nurses, and critical care practitioners in diverse health-care settings to deal with the acute deterioration of pediatric patients. Our objective was to evaluate the PFCCS course as a tool for developing a uniform, reproducible, and sustainable model for educating local health-care workers in the optimal management of critically ill children in the Republic of Georgia. Over a period of 18 months and four visits to the country, we worked with Georgian pediatric critical care leadership to complete the following tasks: (1) survey health-care needs within the Republic of Georgia, (2) present representative PFCCS lectures and simulation scenarios to evaluate interest and obtain "buy-in" from key stakeholders throughout the Georgian educational infrastructure, and (3) identify PFCCS instructor candidates...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775510/educational-intervention-on-delirium-assessment-using-confusion-assessment-method-icu-cam-icu-in-a-general-intensive-care-unit
#6
Vimala Ramoo, Harlinna Abu, Vineya Rai, Surindar Kaur Surat Singh, Ayuni Asma' Baharudin, Mahmoud Danaee, Raveena Rajalachimi R Thinagaran
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to assess intensive care unit nurses' knowledge of intensive care unit delirium and delirium assessment before and after an educational intervention. In addition, nurses' perception on the usefulness of a delirium assessment tool and barriers against delirium assessment were assessed as secondary objectives. BACKGROUND: Early identification of delirium in intensive care units is crucial for patient care. Hence, nurses require adequate knowledge to enable appropriate evaluation of delirium using standardised practice and assessment tools...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771635/pathogenesis-based-treatments-in-primary-sjogren-s-syndrome-using-artificial-intelligence-and-advanced-machine-learning-techniques-a-systematic-literature-review
#7
Nathan Foulquier, Pascal Redou, Christophe Le Gal, Bénédicte Rouvière, Jacques-Olivier Pers, Alain Saraux
Big data analysis has become a common way to extract information from complex and large datasets among most scientific domains. This approach is now used to study large cohorts of patients in medicine. This work is a review of publications that have used artificial intelligence and advanced machine learning techniques to study physio pathogenesis-based treatments in pSS. A systematic literature review retrieved all articles reporting on the use of advanced statistical analysis applied to the study of systemic autoimmune diseases (SADs) over the last decade...
May 17, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771224/discipline-specific-competency-based-curricula-for-leadership-learning-in-medical-specialty-training
#8
Sandra Turner, Ming-Ka Chan, Judy McKimm, Graham Dickson, Timothy Shaw
Purpose Doctors play a central role in leading improvements to healthcare systems. Leadership knowledge and skills are not inherent, however, and need to be learned. General frameworks for medical leadership guide curriculum development in this area. Explicit discipline-linked competency sets and programmes provide context for learning and likely enhance specialty trainees' capability for leadership at all levels. The aim of this review was to summarise the scholarly literature available around medical specialty-specific competency-based curricula for leadership in the post-graduate training space...
May 8, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769815/paediatric-patient-navigation-models-of-care-in-canada-an-environmental-scan
#9
Alison Luke, Shelley Doucet, Rima Azar
Objectives: (1) To provide other organizations with useful information when implementing paediatric navigation programs and (2) to inform the implementation of a navigation care centre in New Brunswick for children with complex health conditions. Methods: This environmental scan consisted of a literature review of published and grey literature for paediatric patient navigation programs across Canada. Additional programs were found following discussions with program coordinators and navigators...
May 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769331/temporal-transcriptional-logic-of-dynamic-regulatory-networks-underlying-nitrogen-signaling-and-use-in-plants
#10
Kranthi Varala, Amy Marshall-Colón, Jacopo Cirrone, Matthew D Brooks, Angelo V Pasquino, Sophie Léran, Shipra Mittal, Tara M Rock, Molly B Edwards, Grace J Kim, Sandrine Ruffel, W Richard McCombie, Dennis Shasha, Gloria M Coruzzi
This study exploits time, the relatively unexplored fourth dimension of gene regulatory networks (GRNs), to learn the temporal transcriptional logic underlying dynamic nitrogen (N) signaling in plants. Our "just-in-time" analysis of time-series transcriptome data uncovered a temporal cascade of cis elements underlying dynamic N signaling. To infer transcription factor (TF)-target edges in a GRN, we applied a time-based machine learning method to 2,174 dynamic N-responsive genes. We experimentally determined a network precision cutoff, using TF-regulated genome-wide targets of three TF hubs (CRF4, SNZ, and CDF1), used to "prune" the network to 155 TFs and 608 targets...
May 16, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768951/-theory-becoming-alive-the-learning-transition-process-of-newly-graduated-nurses-in-canada
#11
Violet Nour, Anne M Williams
Background Newly graduated nurses often encounter a gap between theory and practice in clinical settings. Although this has been the focus of considerable research, little is known about the learning transition process. Purpose The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences of newly graduated nurses in acute healthcare settings within Canada. This study was conducted to gain a greater understanding of the experiences and challenges faced by graduates. Methods Grounded theory method was utilized with a sample of 14 registered nurses who were employed in acute-care settings...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche en Sciences Infirmières
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766034/how-to-write-well-defined-learning-objectives
#12
Debnath Chatterjee, Janet Corral
Writing effective learning objectives is a necessary skill in academic medicine. Learning objectives are clearly written, specific statements of observable learner behavior or action that can be measured upon completion of an educational activity. They are the foundation for instructional alignment whereby the learning objectives, assessment tools, and instructional methods mutually support the desired learning outcome. This review article describes the essential components of a learning objective and provides practical tips on writing well-defined learning objectives...
October 2017: Journal of Education in Perioperative Medicine: JEPM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765574/psychometric-properties-of-self-assessment-clinical-competency-questionnaire-in-baccalaureate-nursing-students
#13
Batool Nehrir, Abbas Ebadi, Zohreh Vanaki, Jamileh Mokhtari Nouri, Seyed Mohammad Khademolhosseini
Background: One of the main challenges of nursing student education is the lack of clinical competence that reduces the quality of patients care. Measuring the clinical competency of undergraduate nursing students is effective in curriculum developing, planning, and learning evaluation. Objective: To validate self-assessment clinical competence questionnaire of undergraduate nursing students. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study at Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences in Tehran, Iran, 2015-2016...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765458/analysis-of-web-based-learning-methods-in-emergency-medicine-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Piotr Leszczyński, Joanna Gotlib, Zbigniew Kopański, Arkadiusz Wejnarski, Stanisław Świeżewski, Robert Gałązkowski
Introduction: In medical education, Web-based learning is increasingly used as a complement to practical classes. The objective of the study was to perform a comparative analysis of three different forms of e-learning course on emergency medicine in terms of an indicator of knowledge growth and students' satisfaction. Material and methods: For the purpose of the study, we developed and implemented a tool in the form of an online course: A - non-animated presentation, B - video, C - interactive video...
April 2018: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765260/attitude-and-perception-of-undergraduate-medical-students-toward-the-problem-based-learning-in-chitwan-medical-college-nepal
#15
Ram Lochan Yadav, Rano Mal Piryani, Gopendra Prasad Deo, Dev Kumar Shah, Laxmi Kumari Yadav, Md Nazrul Islam
Background: Problem-based learning (PBL) was introduced into Basic Medical Sciences early in the 1980s at Tribhuvan University (TU), Nepal, followed by other universities where didactic lecture method was still followed as the main teaching strategy. Despite gaining its popularity worldwide as integrated teaching learning method, PBL is not given importance in Nepal. This study aimed to assess the attitude and perceptions of undergraduate medical students regarding learning outcomes of PBL and to know their views about role and qualities of effective tutors for its successful implementation...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765209/using-the-frailty-assessment-for-care-planning-tool-fact-to-screen-elderly-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-for-frailty-the-nurse-experience
#16
Heather Moffatt, Paige Moorhouse, Laurie Mallery, David Landry, Karthik Tennankore
Purpose: Recent evidence supports the prognostic significance of frailty for functional decline and poor health outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease. Yet, despite the development of clinical tools to screen for frailty, little is known about the experiential impact of screening for frailty in this setting. The Frailty Assessment for Care Planning Tool (FACT) evaluates frailty across 4 domains: mobility, function, social circumstances, and cognition. The purpose of this qualitative study was as follows: 1) explore the nurse experience of screening for frailty using the FACT tool in a specialized outpatient renal clinic; 2) determine how, if at all, provider perceptions of frailty changed after implementation of the frailty screening tool; and 3) determine the perceived factors that influence uptake and administration of the FACT screening tool in a specialized clinical setting...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762023/reinforced-adversarial-neural-computer-for-de-novo-molecular-design
#17
Evgeny Putin, Arip Asadulaev, Yan Ivanenkov, Vladimir Aladinskiy, Benjamin Sánchez-Lengeling, Alán Aspuru-Guzik, Alex Zhavoronkov
In silico modeling is a crucial milestone in modern drug design & development. Although computer-aided approaches in this field are well-studied, the application of deep learning methods in this research area is at the beginning. In this work, we present an original deep neural network (DNN) architecture named RANC (Reinforced Adversarial Neural Computer) for the de novo design of novel small-molecule organic structures based on generative adversarial network (GAN) paradigm and reinforcement learning (RL)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761120/an-image-based-model-of-brain-volume-biomarker-changes-in-huntington-s-disease
#18
Peter A Wijeratne, Alexandra L Young, Neil P Oxtoby, Razvan V Marinescu, Nicholas C Firth, Eileanoir B Johnson, Amrita Mohan, Cristina Sampaio, Rachael I Scahill, Sarah J Tabrizi, Daniel C Alexander
Objective: Determining the sequence in which Huntington's disease biomarkers become abnormal can provide important insights into the disease progression and a quantitative tool for patient stratification. Here, we construct and present a uniquely fine-grained model of temporal progression of Huntington's disease from premanifest through to manifest stages. Methods: We employ a probabilistic event-based model to determine the sequence of appearance of atrophy in brain volumes, learned from structural MRI in the Track-HD study, as well as to estimate the uncertainty in the ordering...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760864/3-for-the-price-of-1-teaching-chest-pain-risk-stratification-in-a-multidisciplinary-problem-based-learning-workshop
#19
William D Alley, Cynthia Burns, Nicholas D Hartman, Kim Askew, Simon A Mahler
Introduction: Chest pain is a common chief complaint among patients presenting to health systems and often leads to complex and intensive evaluations. While these patients are often cared for by a multidisciplinary team (primary care, emergency medicine, and cardiology), medical students usually learn about the care of these patients in a fragmented, single-specialty paradigm. The present and future care of patients with chest pain is multidisciplinary, and the education of medical students on the subject should be as well...
May 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760362/-pharmacology-education-in-nursing-what-should-be-taught-and-how-from-western-to-chinese-medicine
#20
Tomoko Akase
Doctors give prescriptions after considering the medical conditions of patients. Pharmacists check the prescription and give information about the effects of the drugs to the patients, including their side effects. Nurses observe patients to determine the effects and side effects of the administered drugs, and then report these to doctors. Each specialist plays a role, allowing medication to be completed. However, in order to fully attain the effects of a drug, we need to consider the method of its administration...
2018: Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi. Folia Pharmacologica Japonica
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