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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938179/does-simulation-enhance-nurses-ability-to-assess-deteriorating-patients
#1
Maria Bliss, Leanne M Aitken
Recognising and responding to patient deterioration has been identified as a key skill in nursing care to ensure that care is escalated for prompt, efficient management of the potentially critically ill patient. Simulation is one teaching strategy that has been established in nurse education as a method for enhancing skills. The objective was to explore the experiences of registered nurses to ascertain whether they perceived that simulation enhanced their skills in recognising the deteriorating patient. An exploratory qualitative design was used...
September 12, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938098/an-integrative-review-on-conflict-management-styles-among-nursing-students-implications-for-nurse-education
#2
REVIEW
Leodoro J Labrague, Denise M McEnroe-Petitte
OBJECTIVES: Nurse education plays a critical role in the achievement of conflict management skills in nursing students. However, a wider perspective on this concept has not been explored. This paper is a report of a review appraising and synthesizing existing empirical studies describing conflict management styles among nursing students. DESIGN: An integrative review method guided this review. DATA SOURCES: Five (5) bibliographic databases (CINAHL, Medline, Psych Info, Embase and SCOPUS) were searched to locate relevant articles...
September 15, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934639/changes-in-nursing-students-expectations-of-nursing-clinical-faculties-competences-a-longitudinal-mixed-methods-study
#3
Robert Lovrić, Nada Prlić, Dragana Milutinović, Igor Marjanac, Boštjan Žvanut
BACKGROUND: Changes in nursing students' expectations of their clinical nursing faculty competences over the course of time are an insufficiently researched phenomenon. OBJECTIVES: To explore what competences BSc nursing students expect from their clinical faculties during their clinical training, and whether their expectations changed during their three-year studies. Furthermore, to survey factors which influenced their expectations and whether the fulfilment levels of their expectations influenced their feelings, learning, and behaviour...
September 8, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931481/a-phenomenological-study-of-millennial-students-and-traditional-pedagogies
#4
Rebecca Toothaker, Donna Taliaferro
BACKGROUND: The Millennial generation comprises the majority of learners in the traditional university setting. Nurse educators identify problems developing teaching strategies in education that undergraduate Millennial nursing students find engaging and meaningful. The purpose of this study was to identify the perception of Millennial students participating in traditional pedagogies and its significant implications for nursing education. METHOD: This interpretive phenomenological study recorded the lived experiences of Millennial nursing students' experiences in traditional classrooms...
September 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930219/qigong-in-cancer-care-theory-evidence-base-and-practice
#5
Penelope Klein
Background: The purpose of this discussion is to explore the theory, evidence base, and practice of Qigong for individuals with cancer. Questions addressed are: What is qigong? How does it work? What evidence exists supporting its practice in integrative oncology? What barriers to wide-spread programming access exist? Methods: Sources for this discussion include a review of scholarly texts, the Internet, PubMed, field observations, and expert opinion. Results: Qigong is a gentle, mind/body exercise integral within Chinese medicine...
January 12, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928964/the-evaluation-of-a-virtual-education-system-based-on-the-delone-and-mclean-model-%C3%A2-a-path-analysis
#6
Zohreh Mahmoodi, Sara Esmaelzadeh-Saeieh, Razieh Lotfi, Monir Baradaran Eftekhari, Mahnaz Akbari Kamrani, Zahra Mehdizadeh Tourzani, Katayoun Salehi
Background: The Internet has dramatically influenced the introduction of virtual education. Virtual education is a term that involves online education and e-learning. This study was conducted to evaluate a virtual education system based on the DeLone and McLean model. Methods: This descriptive analytical study was conducted using the census method on all the students of the Nursing and Midwifery Department of Alborz University of Medical Sciences who had taken at least one online course in 2016-2017. Data were collected using a researcher-made questionnaire based on the DeLone and McLean model in six domains and then analyzed in SPSS-16 and LISREL-8...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926820/guided-university-debate-effect-of-a-new-teaching-learning-strategy-for-undergraduate-nursing-students
#7
Marta Arrue, Saloa Unanue, David Merida
BACKGROUND: A number of studies have shown that the traditional lecture suffers from limitations in the development of many important competencies such as reasoning ability for nursing professionals. OBJECTIVES: In view of this issue, the authors present a promising alternative to the traditional lecture: the Guided University Debate (GUD). With regard to this aim a teaching-learning sequence of schizophrenia is described based on the GUD. Next, the improvement in the argumentative and declarative knowledge of the students who have participated in the said methodology is demonstrated...
September 5, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925587/lessons-learned-from-the-development-and-parameterization-of-a-computer-simulation-model-to-evaluate-task-modification-for-healthcare-providers
#8
Parastu Kasaie, W David Kelton, Rachel M Ancona, Michael J Ward, Craig M Froehle, Michael S Lyons
Computer simulation is a highly advantageous method for understanding and improving healthcare operations with a wide variety of possible applications. Most computer-simulation studies in emergency medicine have sought to improve allocation of resources to meet demand, or to assess the impact of hospital and other system policies on emergency department (ED) throughput. These models have enabled essential discoveries that can be used to improve the general structure and functioning of EDs. Theoretically, computer simulation could also be used to examine the impact of adding or modifying specific provider tasks...
September 19, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924506/automated-classification-of-tropical-shrub-species-a-hybrid-of-leaf-shape-and-machine-learning-approach
#9
Miraemiliana Murat, Siow-Wee Chang, Arpah Abu, Hwa Jen Yap, Kien-Thai Yong
Plants play a crucial role in foodstuff, medicine, industry, and environmental protection. The skill of recognising plants is very important in some applications, including conservation of endangered species and rehabilitation of lands after mining activities. However, it is a difficult task to identify plant species because it requires specialized knowledge. Developing an automated classification system for plant species is necessary and valuable since it can help specialists as well as the public in identifying plant species easily...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924398/what-does-the-future-hold-for-scientific-journals-visual-abstracts-and-other-tools-for-communicating-research
#10
REVIEW
Vahagn C Nikolian, Andrew M Ibrahim
Journals fill several important roles within academic medicine, including building knowledge, validating quality of methods, and communicating research. This section provides an overview of these roles and highlights innovative approaches journals have taken to enhance dissemination of research. As journals move away from print formats and embrace web-based content, design-centered thinking will allow for engagement of a larger audience. Examples of recent efforts in this realm are provided, as well as simplified strategies for developing visual abstracts to improve dissemination via social media...
September 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922654/student-s-perception-about-innovative-teaching-learning-practices-in-forensic-medicine
#11
Sanjay Gupta, Utsav N Parekh, Jaishree D Ganjiwale
BACKGROUND: Since decades, Forensic Medicine is mainly taught by didactic methods but in last couple of years some other teachinglearning and assessment methods are also introduced at some places which also lacks uniformity. Feedback from learners is most fundamental aspect to assess effectiveness of applied methods, but is not implemented in practice at most medical schools in India. Unfortunately, medical students are deprived of this practical empowerment and thus may not be efficient enough to contribute potentially to the justice system during their professional life...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922302/resident-knowledge-surgical-skill-and-confidence-in-transobturator-vaginal-tape-placement-the-value-of-a-cadaver-laboratory
#12
Woojin Chong, Keith Downing, Ava Leegant, Erika Banks, Dmitry Fridman, Sherry Downie
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to examine the effect of additional cadaver laboratory use in training obstetrics and gynecology (OBGYN) residents on transobturator vaginal tape (TOT) insertion. METHODS: Thirty-four OBGYN residents were randomized into 2 groups (group 1, control; group 2, intervention; 17 in each group). Before and after the interventions, written knowledge and confidence levels were assessed. Both groups received didactic lectures using a bony pelvis and an instructional video on TOT insertion; group 2 participated in a half day cadaver laboratory...
September 15, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919839/ground-up-top-down-a-mixed-method-action-research-study-aimed-at-normalising-research-in-practice-for-nurses-and-midwives
#13
Vicki Parker, Gena Lieschke, Michelle Giles
BACKGROUND: Improving health, patient and system outcomes through a practice-based research agenda requires infrastructural supports, leadership and capacity building approaches, at both the individual and organisational levels. Embedding research as normal nursing and midwifery practice requires a flexible approach that is responsive to the diverse clinical contexts within which care is delivered and the variable research skills and interest of clinicians. This paper reports the study protocol for research being undertaken in a Local Health District (LHD) in New South Wales (NSW) Australia...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916782/predicting-clinical-outcomes-from-large-scale-cancer-genomic-profiles-with-deep-survival-models
#14
Safoora Yousefi, Fatemeh Amrollahi, Mohamed Amgad, Chengliang Dong, Joshua E Lewis, Congzheng Song, David A Gutman, Sameer H Halani, Jose Enrique Velazquez Vega, Daniel J Brat, Lee A D Cooper
Translating the vast data generated by genomic platforms into accurate predictions of clinical outcomes is a fundamental challenge in genomic medicine. Many prediction methods face limitations in learning from the high-dimensional profiles generated by these platforms, and rely on experts to hand-select a small number of features for training prediction models. In this paper, we demonstrate how deep learning and Bayesian optimization methods that have been remarkably successful in general high-dimensional prediction tasks can be adapted to the problem of predicting cancer outcomes...
September 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915974/rapid-and-accurate-intraoperative-pathological-diagnosis-by-artificial-intelligence-with-deep-learning-technology
#15
Jing Zhang, Yanlin Song, Fan Xia, Chenjing Zhu, Yingying Zhang, Wenpeng Song, Jianguo Xu, Xuelei Ma
Frozen section is widely used for intraoperative pathological diagnosis (IOPD), which is essential for intraoperative decision making. However, frozen section suffers from some drawbacks, such as time consuming and high misdiagnosis rate. Recently, artificial intelligence (AI) with deep learning technology has shown bright future in medicine. We hypothesize that AI with deep learning technology could help IOPD, with a computer trained by a dataset of intraoperative lesion images. Evidences supporting our hypothesis included the successful use of AI with deep learning technology in diagnosing skin cancer, and the developed method of deep-learning algorithm...
September 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912113/mobile-augmented-reality-as-a-feature-for-self-oriented-blended-learning-in-medicine-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Christoph Noll, Ute von Jan, Ulrike Raap, Urs-Vito Albrecht
BACKGROUND: Advantages of mobile Augmented Reality (mAR) application-based learning versus textbook-based learning were already shown in a previous study. However, it was unclear whether the augmented reality (AR) component was responsible for the success of the self-developed app or whether this was attributable to the novelty of using mobile technology for learning. OBJECTIVE: The study's aim was to test the hypothesis whether there is no difference in learning success between learners who employed the mobile AR component and those who learned without it to determine possible effects of mAR...
September 14, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901654/clinical-learning-environments-place-artefacts-and-rhythm
#17
Dale Sheehan, Tanisha Jowsey, Mariam Parwaiz, Mark Birch, Philippa Seaton, Susan Shaw, Alison Duggan, Tim Wilkinson
CONTEXT: Health care practitioners learn through experience in clinical environments in which supervision is a key component, but how that learning occurs outside the supervision relationship remains largely unknown. This study explores the environmental factors that inform and support workplace learning within a clinical environment. METHODS: An observational study drawing on ethnographic methods was undertaken in a general medicine ward. Observers paid attention to interactions among staff members that involved potential teaching and learning moments that occurred and were visible in the course of routine work...
October 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899887/strategies-for-research-engagement-of-clinicians-in-allied-health-stretch-a-mixed-methods-research-protocol
#18
Sharon Mickan, Rachel Wenke, Kelly Weir, Andrea Bialocerkowski, Christy Noble
INTRODUCTION: Allied health professionals (AHPs) report positive attitudes to using research evidence in clinical practice, yet often lack time, confidence and skills to use, participate in and conduct research. A range of multifaceted strategies including education, mentoring and guidance have been implemented to increase AHPs' use of and participation in research. Emerging evidence suggests that knowledge brokering activities have the potential to support research engagement, but it is not clear which knowledge brokering strategies are most effective and in what contexts they work best to support and maintain clinicians' research engagement...
September 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899847/enhancing-seasonal-influenza-surveillance-topic-analysis-of-widely-used-medicinal-drugs-using-twitter-data
#19
Ireneus Kagashe, Zhijun Yan, Imran Suheryani
BACKGROUND: Uptake of medicinal drugs (preventive or treatment) is among the approaches used to control disease outbreaks, and therefore, it is of vital importance to be aware of the counts or frequencies of most commonly used drugs and trending topics about these drugs from consumers for successful implementation of control measures. Traditional survey methods would have accomplished this study, but they are too costly in terms of resources needed, and they are subject to social desirability bias for topics discovery...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895125/governance-arrangements-for-health-systems-in-low-income-countries-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#20
REVIEW
Cristian A Herrera, Simon Lewin, Elizabeth Paulsen, Agustín Ciapponi, Newton Opiyo, Tomas Pantoja, Gabriel Rada, Charles S Wiysonge, Gabriel Bastías, Sebastian Garcia Marti, Charles I Okwundu, Blanca Peñaloza, Andrew D Oxman
BACKGROUND: Governance arrangements include changes in rules or processes that determine authority and accountability for health policies, organisations, commercial products and health professionals, as well as the involvement of stakeholders in decision-making. Changes in governance arrangements can affect health and related goals in numerous ways, generally through changes in authority, accountability, openness, participation and coherence. A broad overview of the findings of systematic reviews can help policymakers, their technical support staff and other stakeholders to identify strategies for addressing problems and improving the governance of their health systems...
September 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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