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(methods of learning) AND ((nursing) OR (Medicine))

Edna Ruiz Magpantay-Monroe
The military and veteran populations in the U. S. state of Hawaii have a strong presence in the local communities. It was this substantial presence that provided the impetus to integrate military and veteran health into a Bachelor's of Science in Nursing (BSN) curriculum. This exploratory study investigated the relationship between the integration of military and veteran health into a psychiatric mental health BSN curriculum and nursing students' understanding of the many facets of military veterans' health...
October 6, 2016: Nurse Education Today
Kristin Wiisanen Weitzel, Caitrin W McDonough, Amanda R Elsey, Benjamin Burkley, Larisa H Cavallari, Julie A Johnson
Objective. To evaluate the impact of personal genotyping and a novel educational approach on student attitudes, knowledge, and beliefs regarding pharmacogenomics and genomic medicine. Methods. Two online elective courses (pharmacogenomics and genomic medicine) were offered to student pharmacists at the University of Florida using a flipped-classroom, patient-centered teaching approach. In the pharmacogenomics course, students could be genotyped and apply results to patient cases. Results. Thirty-four and 19 student pharmacists completed the pharmacogenomics and genomic medicine courses, respectively, and 100% of eligible students (n=34) underwent genotyping...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Bayan Sharif-Chan, Dipti Tankala, Christine Leong, Zubin Austin, Marisa Battistella
Objective. To compare peer teaching in a medical and a pharmacy clinical teaching unit and to provide suggestions for future research in pharmacy near-peer teaching. Methods. This exploratory observational study used principles of ethnographic methodology for data collection and analysis. Observations were collected in a large downtown teaching hospital. An average of 4-6 hours per day were spent observing a team of medical trainees from the Faculty (School) of Medicine in the general internal medicine (unit for two weeks, followed by a team of pharmacy trainees in an ambulatory hemodialysis (HD) unit for two weeks...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Esther I Bernhofer, Rose Hosler, Diana Karius
Providing optimal pain care for patients is essential to the work of nursing and a measure of patient satisfaction prompting some hospitals to offer pain management classes for clinicians. Although nurses generally do well on knowledge tests after attending a pain class, actual improvement in pain care for patients may not occur. The personal values of the clinician may be a key driver of pain-management decision making. Therefore, a segment on how clinicians' personal values influence pain care decisions was added to a large Midwestern hospital's pain management class...
October 15, 2016: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
Eric Wong, Jasmine J Leslie, Judith A Soon, Wendy V Norman
BACKGROUND: The Virtual Interprofessional Patients-Computer-Assisted Reproductive Health Education for Students (VIP-CARES) Project took place during the summers of 2010-2012 for eight weeks each year at the University of British Columbia (UBC). Undergraduate health care students worked collaboratively to develop virtual patient case-based learning modules on the topic of family planning. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes in perception towards interprofessional collaboration (IPC) among the participants, before and after the project...
October 19, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Christoph Ahlgrim, Oliver Maenner, Manfred W Baumstark
BACKGROUND: Speech recognition software might increase productivity in clinical documentation. However, low user satisfaction with speech recognition software has been observed. In this case study, an approach for implementing a speech recognition software package at a university-based outpatient department is presented. METHODS: Methods to create a specific dictionary for the context "sports medicine" and a shared vocabulary learning function are demonstrated. The approach is evaluated for user satisfaction (using a questionnaire before and 10 weeks after software implementation) and its impact on the time until the final medical document was saved into the system...
October 18, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Juliessa M Pavon, Sandro O Pinheiro, Gwendolen T Buhr
OBJECTIVE: We developed a Transitions of Care (TOC) curriculum to teach and measure learner competence in performing TOC tasks for older adults. DESIGN: Internal medicine interns at an academic residency program received the curriculum, which consisted of experiential learning, self-study, and small group discussion. Interns completed retrospective pre/post surveys rating their confidence in performing five TOC tasks, qualitative open-ended survey questions, and a self-reflection essay...
October 18, 2016: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
Abib Agbetoba, Amber Luong, Jin Keat Siow, Brent Senior, Claudio Callejas, Kornel Szczygielski, Martin J Citardi
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic sinus surgery represents a cornerstone in the professional development of otorhinolaryngology trainees. Mastery of these surgical skills requires an understanding of paranasal sinus and skull-base anatomy. The frontal sinus is associated with a wide range of variation and complex anatomical configuration, and thus represents an important challenge for all trainees performing endoscopic sinus surgery. METHODS: Forty-five otorhinolaryngology trainees and 20 medical school students from 5 academic institutions were enrolled and randomized into 1 of 2 groups...
October 18, 2016: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Deborah Edwards, Sally Anstey, Daniel Kelly, Jessica Ballie, Jane Hopkinson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the views of student nurses' and stakeholders of what is important for student nurses to know about cancer treatment and care. BACKGROUND: Worldwide, the number of people living with cancer is increasing because the population is aging and effective cancer treatments are prolonging survival. All nurses need knowledge, skills, confidence and competence to support people living with cancer. Education is an important tool in preparing a nursing workforce that can support people affected by cancer...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Byron C Wallace, Joël Kuiper, Aakash Sharma, Mingxi Brian Zhu, Iain J Marshall
Systematic reviews underpin Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) by addressing precise clinical questions via comprehensive synthesis of all relevant published evidence. Authors of systematic reviews typically define a Population/Problem, Intervention, Comparator, and Outcome (a PICO criteria) of interest, and then retrieve, appraise and synthesize results from all reports of clinical trials that meet these criteria. Identifying PICO elements in the full-texts of trial reports is thus a critical yet time-consuming step in the systematic review process...
2016: Journal of Machine Learning Research: JMLR
Mary Thuss, Yolanda Babenko-Mould, Mary-Anne Andrusyszyn, Heather K S Laschinger
The purpose of this study was to explore Rwandan nursing clinical instructors' (CIs) experiences of structural and psychological empowerment. CIs play a vital role in students' development by facilitating learning in health care practice environments. Quality nursing education hinges on the CI's ability to enact a professional role. A descriptive qualitative method was used to obtain an understanding of CIs empowerment experiences in practice settings. Kanter's Theory of Structural Power in Organizations and Spreitzer's Psychological Empowerment Theory were used as theoretical frameworks to interpret experiences...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
Joseph L Graves, Chris Reiber, Anna Thanukos, Magdalena Hurtado, Terry Wolpaw
Evolutionary science is indispensable for understanding biological processes. Effective medical treatment must be anchored in sound biology. However, currently the insights available from evolutionary science are not adequately incorporated in either pre-medical or medical school curricula. To illuminate how evolution may be helpful in these areas, examples in which the insights of evolutionary science are already improving medical treatment and ways in which evolutionary reasoning can be practiced in the context of medicine are provided...
October 15, 2016: Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health
Nathan S S Atkinson, Robert V Bryant, Yi Dong, Christian Maaser, Torsten Kucharzik, Giovanni Maconi, Anil K Asthana, Michael Blaivas, Adrian Goudie, Odd Helge Gilja, Christian Nolsøe, Dieter Nürnberg, Christoph F Dietrich
Gastrointestinal ultrasound (GIUS) is an ultrasound application that has been practiced for more than 30 years. Recently, GIUS has enjoyed a resurgence of interest, and there is now strong evidence of its utility and accuracy as a diagnostic tool for multiple indications. The method of learning GIUS is not standardised and may incorporate mentorship, didactic teaching and e-learning. Simulation, using either low- or high-fidelity models, can also play a key role in practicing and honing novice GIUS skills...
October 11, 2016: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Sherrill J Smith, Sharon Farra, Deborah L Ulrich, Eric Hodgson, Stephanie Nicely, William Matcham
AIM: The purpose of this study was to examine the longitudinal effects of virtual reality simulation (VRS) on learning outcomes and retention. BACKGROUND: Disaster preparation for health care professionals is seriously inadequate. VRS offers an opportunity to practice within a realistic and safe environment, but little is known about learning and retention using this pedagogy. METHOD: A quasiexperimental design was used to examine the use of VRS with baccalaureate nursing students in two different nursing programs in terms of the skill of decontamination...
July 2016: Nursing Education Perspectives
Kathleen L Sitzman, Andrea Jensen, Sang Chan
AIM: The aim was to examine the usefulness of a massive open online course (MOOC) on caring and mindfulness to a broad international audience that included nurses, allied health professionals, and others. BACKGROUND: MOOCs in higher education have been evident since 2008. Very few MOOCs on nursing topics have appeared since that time. Exploration was needed regarding how MOOCs could be employed to share nursing knowledge with national and international communities...
September 2016: Nursing Education Perspectives
Annette R Waznonis
AIM: A study was conducted to describe simulation debriefing practices of faculty in accredited, traditional, baccalaureate nursing programs in the United States. BACKGROUND: Best debriefing practices include debriefing by a competent facilitator in a safe environment using a structured framework. Yet, structured frameworks and evaluation of debriefing are lacking in nursing education. METHOD: This article reports the interview findings from the qualitative component of a large-scale mixed-methods study...
September 2016: Nursing Education Perspectives
T Shaw, P Yates, B Moore, K Ash, L Nolte, M Krishnasamy, J Nicholson, M Rynderman, J Avery, M Jefford
Cancer survivorship is recognised globally as a key issue. In spite of the key role played by nurses in survivorship care, there is an identified gap in nurse's knowledge in this area. This study reports on the development and evaluation of an educational resource for nurses working with people affected by cancer. The resource was designed using adult learning principles and includes a variety of learning materials and point of care resources. A mixed-methods sequential exploratory design was used to undertake an evaluation of the programme...
October 10, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
Yun Kang, Wendy Moyle, Marie Cooke, Siobhan T O'Dwyer
BACKGROUND: The population is ageing in South Korea, increasing the incidence of dementia and delirium. Despite this, registered nurses in South Korea tend to have poor understanding and limited involvement in the assessment of delirium. AIM: To evaluate the effect of an educational programme on acute care nurses' knowledge, attitudes and the potential for family caregiver involvement in care for older adults with cognitive impairment. METHODS: A mixed-methods study that included a single group, pre-post design and individual interviews was used...
October 11, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Vitaliy M Pashkov, Iryna A Golovanova, Andrii A Olefir
INTRODUCTION: the functioning of the healthcare industry in any country is impossible without providing enough medicines for patient care. This problem can best be resolved only when the majority of drugs, especially vital, will be made at national plants (industry). In this context, competition from generic drugs is the most optimal strategy to reduce drug's prices. AIM: the paper should examine how the legal regime of intellectual property affects the availability of medicines for people and identify ways of supporting breakthrough inventions and counter ≪unreal innovations≫...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Megan Delisle, Ruby Grymonpre, Rebecca Whitley, Debrah Wirtzfeld
Clinical errors due to human mistakes are estimated to result in 400,000 preventable deaths per year. Strategies to improve patient safety often rely on healthcare workers' ability to speak up with concerns. This becomes difficult during critical decision-making as a result of conflicting opinions and power differentials, themes underrepresented in many interprofessional initiatives. These elements are prominent in our interprofessional initiative, namely Crucial Conversations. We sought to evaluate this initiative as an interprofessional learning (IPL) opportunity for pre-licensure senior healthcare students, as a way to foster interprofessional collaboration, and as a method of empowering students to vocalise their concerns...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
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