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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333620/in-center-hemodialysis-education-challenges-and-innovations-in-training-of-fellows-in-nephrology
#1
Louise M Moist, Robert M Lindsay
The in-center dialysis unit and practice of dialysis, in the current multi-team approach, requires knowledge and skills in all the domains including medical expert, communicator, collaborator, scholar, health advocate, and leader. We are tasked as a community, to embrace and incentivize new innovations and technology to address these needs for our post graduate trainees. These innovations must address the basic principles of dialysis, quality improvement, technical and procedural skills as well as leadership and administration skills...
January 14, 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325708/promising-roles-for-pharmacists-in-addressing-the-u-s-opioid-crisis
#2
Wilson M Compton, Christopher M Jones, Jack B Stein, Eric M Wargo
Overdoses of prescription or illicit opioids claimed the lives of 116 Americans each day in 2016, and the crisis continues to escalate. As healthcare systems evolve to address the crisis, the potential of pharmacists to make a positive difference is significant. In addition to utilizing available prescription drug monitoring programs to help prevent diversion of opioids, practicing pharmacists can be alert for signs of opioid misuse by patients (e.g., multiple prescriptions from different physicians) as well as inappropriate prescribing or hazardous drug combinations that physicians may not be aware of (e...
December 31, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314751/emergency-airway-and-ventilator-procedures-for-community-based-home-care-staff-validation-of-an-educational-program
#3
Ann Marie Ramsey, Sarah Brennan, Adam Stricker, Kurt Riek, Dana Brown, Rachel Gurtowsky, Julie Sturza, Amy Goldstein Filbrun
BACKGROUND: Children discharged home with tracheostomy and chronic mechanical ventilator support are at high risk for complications and adverse events. Private duty nursing and home respiratory care services are a critical support necessary for successful discharge. The literature suggests that there are opportunities for home care staff (HCS) to improve upon the skills necessary to assess and intervene in an emergency thereby increasing the likelihood of improving long-term outcomes...
January 4, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310618/epidemiology-of-unplanned-out-of-hospital-births-attended-by-paramedics
#4
Gayle McLelland, Lisa McKenna, Amee Morgans, Karen Smith
BACKGROUND: Over the previous two decades the incidence and number of unplanned out of hospital births Victoria has increased. As the only out of hospital emergency care providers in Victoria, paramedics would provide care for women having birth emergencies in the community. However, there is a lack of research about the involvement of paramedics provide for these women and their newborns. This research reports the clinical profile of a 1-year sample caseload of births attended by a state-wide ambulance service in Australia...
January 8, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310469/non-prescription-use-of-antibiotics-among-children-in-urban-china-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices
#5
Jie Chang, Bing Lv, Shan Zhu, Jiale Yu, Yu Zhang, Dan Ye, Muhammad Majid Aziz, Caijun Yang, Yu Fang
BACKGROUND: Non-prescription use of antibiotics in children is an important public health problem. We aimed to investigate primary caregivers' knowledge, attitudes, and practices of antibiotics use among children in urban China. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey of 4200 caregivers of children under-7 years from three cities in China. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and multivariate analysis. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Knowledge, attitudes, and self-reported practices regarding antibiotics use in children...
January 9, 2018: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306891/community-pharmacists-services-for-women-during-pregnancy-and-breast-feeding-in-kuwait-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Abdullah Albassam, Abdelmoneim Awad
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to identify the services provided by community pharmacists in Kuwait and their views regarding self-care in pregnancy and lactation. In addition, it determined the pharmacists' recommendations for treatment of pregnancy-related and breast feeding-related ailments. DESIGN: Cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey. SETTING: Community pharmacies in Kuwait. PARTICIPANTS: 207 pharmacies were randomly selected from the Ministry of Health database...
January 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302511/need-of-department-of-general-practice-family-medicine-at-aiims-all-india-institute-of-medical-sciences-why-the-apex-medical-institute-in-india-should-also-contribute-towards-training-and-education-of-general-practitioners-and-family-physicians
#7
EDITORIAL
Ranabir Pal, Raman Kumar
Family medicine or general practice is the practicing discipline of the majority doctors in India, however formal academic departments of general practice (or family medicine) do not exist in India, as it is not a mandatory requirement as prescribed by the Medical Council of India; the principal regulator of medical education. Currently India has capacity to produce more than 60,000 medical graduates per year, majority of whom are expected to become general practitoners or primary care doctors without under going any vocational training in general practice or family medicine...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299003/impact-of-pharmacists-in-a-community-based-home-care-service-a-pilot-program
#8
Ashley N Walus, Donna M M Woloschuk
Background: Historically, pharmacists have not been included on home care teams, despite the fact that home care patients frequently experience medication errors. Literature describing Canadian models of pharmacy practice in home care settings is limited. The optimal service delivery model and distribution of clinical activities for home care pharmacists remain unclear. Objectives: The primary objective was to describe the impact of a pharmacist based at a community home care office and providing home visits, group education, and telephone consultations...
November 2017: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296802/patient-centered-care-coordination-in-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation
#9
REVIEW
Nandita Khera, Patricia Martin, Kristen Edsall, Anthony Bonagura, Linda J Burns, Mark Juckett, Olivia King, C Frederick LeMaistre, Navneet S Majhail
Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is an expensive, resource-intensive, and medically complicated modality for treatment of many hematologic disorders. A well-defined care coordination model through the continuum can help improve health care delivery for this high-cost, high-risk medical technology. In addition to the patients and their families, key stakeholders include not only the transplantation physicians and care teams (including subspecialists), but also hematologists/oncologists in private and academic-affiliated practices...
August 22, 2017: Blood Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294868/intimate-partner-violence-screening-and-referral-practices-in-an-outpatient-care-setting
#10
Cari Jo Clark, Lynette M Renner, Mary E Logeais
Health care providers who screen for intimate partner violence (IPV) and counsel patients can reduce victimization and positively impact women's health and well-being; yet only 2% to 50% of medical professionals report routinely screening female patients. The purpose of this study was to identify current practices, policies, barriers, and opportunities for a coordinated and routinized response to IPV in an outpatient academic primary care clinic. Data were collected through interviews and the Physician Readiness to Manage Intimate Partner Violence questionnaire...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291171/a-comprehensive-framework-for-international-medical-programs-a-2017-consensus-statement-from-the-american-college-of-academic-international-medicine
#11
Manish Garg, Gregory L Peck, Bonnie Arquilla, Andrew C Miller, Sari E Soghoian, Harry L Anderson Iii, Christina Bloem, Michael S Firstenberg, Sagar C Galwankar, Weidun Alan Guo, Ricardo Izurieta, Elizabeth Krebs, Bhakti Hansoti, Sudip Nanda, Chinenye O Nwachuku, Benedict Nwomeh, Lorenzo Paladino, Thomas J Papadimos, Richard P Sharpe, Mamta Swaroop, Stanislaw P Stawicki
The American College of Academic International Medicine (ACAIM) represents a group of clinicians who seek to promote clinical, educational, and scientific collaboration in the area of Academic International Medicine (AIM) to address health care disparities and improve patient care and outcomes globally. Significant health care delivery and quality gaps persist between high-income countries (HICs) and low-and-middle-income countries (LMICs). International Medical Programs (IMPs) are an important mechanism for addressing these inequalities...
October 2017: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290741/identifying-barriers-and-facilitators-at-affect-community-pharmacists-ability-to-engage-children-in-medication-counseling-a-pilot-study
#12
Olufunmilola Abraham, Dayna S Alexander, Loren J Schleiden, Delesha M Carpenter
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe the barriers and facilitators that influence community pharmacists' ability to provide medication counseling to pediatric patients. METHODS: Semistructured interviews (n = 16) were conducted with pharmacy staff at 3 community pharmacies in 2 Eastern states. The interview guide elicited pharmacy staff experiences interacting with children and their perceived barriers and facilitators to providing medication counseling. Transcripts were reviewed for accuracy and a codebook was developed for data analysis...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290339/encouraging-comprehensive-and-consistent-pharmacist-education-for-provision-of-contraception
#13
Lorinda Anderson, Laura M Borgelt, Paige Clark, Gina Moore
OBJECTIVES: To initiate a call to action for community pharmacists and key stakeholders to encourage comprehensive and consistent education and certification for contraception services, especially in states where laws have been enacted for pharmacist prescribing of hormonal contraceptives. DATE SOURCES: Websites for several boards of pharmacy that have implemented pharmacist training for contraceptive prescribing. SUMMARY: From the authors' perspective of helping to implement laws that allow pharmacist prescribing of contraception in Oregon and Colorado, lessons learned have shown that it is better to have 1 consistent resource for pharmacist certification for the following reasons: 1) Boards of pharmacy are able to ensure patient safety because all pharmacists are providing the same level of care to every patient; 2) retail chain pharmacies and pharmacy managers are assured that all their pharmacists, regardless of state, are trained in a similar and appropriate manner; and 3) pharmacists can be reimbursed through medical insurance for the patient encounter because payers are able to identify and credential pharmacists who pass an approved and accredited certification program...
January 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284273/a-double-whammy-new-baccalaureate-registered-nurses-transitions-into-rural-acute-care
#14
Jean Smith, Virginia Vandall-Walker
INTRODUCTION: Transitioning into the Canadian rural acute care environment can be challenging for new RNs, and so retention is of concern. Currently, few seasoned registered nurses (RNs) are available to support new RNs during transition because (a) the Canadian RN workforce countrywide is aging and significant numbers are retiring, and (b) the number of Canadian RNs working rurally has plummeted in the past 10 years. Investigations into the phenomenon of new RNs\' transitions into the workforce have been conducted, but little is known about this phenomenon as it relates to Canadian rural acute care hospitals...
December 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278620/95th-anniversary-of-pathophysiology-in-croatia
#15
Zdenko Kovač
University level of Pathophysiology research and teaching in Croatia had started with the third year of Medical School of Zagreb in academic year 1919./20. Ever since, despite historical changes of the main university stake holder, the state of Croatia, Department of Pathophysiology development progressed and has made visible academic achievements, with a broader effect in medical community. The first 95 years of academic tradition and major achievements are shortly described in this paper. Professor Miroslav Mikuličić envisioned Pathophysiology in close relations with Pharmacology and made the pioneering steps of establishing the "double" department at Šalata...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259056/socioeconomic-differences-in-self-medication-among-middle-aged-and-older-people-data-from-the-china-health-and-retirement-longitudinal-study
#16
Jie Chang, Qing Wang, Yu Fang
OBJECTIVES: Self-medication with over-the-counter medicines (OTCs) and prescription-only medicines (POMs) are both pervasive in China, although the latter is an inappropriate practice. We examined the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and self-medication with OTCs versus POMs. METHODS: Multivariate logistic regressions based on the Andersen framework were estimated using a subsample of respondents aged 45 years and over from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study collected between 2011 and 2013 (n=23 699)...
December 19, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251682/follow-the-yellow-brick-road-self-management-by-adolescents-and-young-adults-after-a-stem-cell-transplant
#17
Caroline F Morrison, Donna Martsolf, Annamarie Borich, Kristen Coleman, Patricia Ramirez, Nicole Wehrkamp, Rebecca Tehan, Katherine Woebkenberg, Ahna L H Pai
BACKGROUND: Stem cell transplant (SCT) is a major life event that can have long-term psychosocial consequences for the entire family. It is unknown the degree to which the psychosocial characteristics associated with SCT influence self-management behaviors and health outcomes in adolescents and young adults (AYAs). OBJECTIVE: The study had the following aims: (1) to describe how AYAs manage their care regimen post-SCT and (2) to explore self-management facilitators, barriers, processes, and behaviors within individual, family, community, and healthcare system domains...
December 14, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248079/preliminary-findings-from-a-student-pharmacist-operated-transitions-of-care-pilot-service
#18
Kari Vavra, Matthew Paluzzi, Margaret de Voest, Sarah Raguckas, Martha Slot
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Student pharmacists are well equipped to complete transitions of care (TOC) activities. This communication describes the implementation of a student-operated TOC pilot service at a community hospital and explores the clinical and educational findings of such a service. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Patients admitted to the hospital were included in the service if they had a primary care provider from an affiliated ambulatory care office...
January 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248011/what-are-they-thinking-facilitating-clinical-reasoning-through-longitudinal-patient-exposure-in-rural-practice
#19
David Campbell, Lucie Walters, Ian Couper, Jane Greacen
INTRODUCTION:   This article reports the findings from an international research workshop, held over 2 days in October 2014 in Bairnsdale, Australia, which brought together 19 clinician teachers and medical educators who work in rural primary care. The objectives of the workshop were to clarify and identify the key aspects of the development of clinical reasoning in students and junior doctors, particularly as a result of longitudinal immersion in rural community practice...
December 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241520/evaluation-of-a-wechat-based-dementia-specific-training-program-for-nurses-in-primary-care-settings-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Feilong Wang, Lily Dongxia Xiao, Kaifa Wang, Min Li, Yanni Yang
Community nurses play a crucial role in early detection and timely diagnosis of dementia. However, they are usually not prepared for the role through their formal education, particularly in low- and middle-income countries due to undeveloped nursing curriculum in dementia care. This paper describes a two-arm cluster-randomized controlled trial to improve community nurses' knowledge, attitudes, and practice changes using an innovative and interactive mobile phone applet-based activity in primary care settings...
December 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
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