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(social cultural activity theory) AND ((nursing education) OR (medical education))

Anamaria Balić, Zrinka Bukvić Mokos, Branka Marinović, Daniela Ledić Drvar
Dear Editor, Pitted keratolysis (PK), also known as keratosis plantaris sulcatum, is a non-inflammatory, bacterial, superficial cutaneous infection, characterized by many discrete superficial crateriform ''pits'' and erosions in the thickly keratinized skin of the weight-bearing regions of the soles of the feet (1). The disease often goes unnoticed by the patient, but when it is noticed it is because of the unbearable malodor and hyperhidrosis of the feet, which are socially unacceptable and cause great anxiety to many of the patients...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Farhat Moazam, Sualeha Shekhani
CONTEXT: Female medical students outnumber men in countries such as Saudi Arabia, India and Pakistan, yet many fail to practise medicine following graduation. In Pakistan, 70% of medical students are women, yet it is estimated that half of them will not pursue medicine following graduation. This is considered a major reason for physician shortages in the country. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study drawing upon the 'role strain' theory to explore the views of final-year medical students from four medical colleges in Karachi, Pakistan, on female graduates not entering the medical field...
March 6, 2018: Medical Education
Mohammad Reza Dinmohammadi, Hamid Peyrovi, Neda Mehrdad
Introduction: Professional socialization is a critical aspect of nursing students' development, which begins with entry into the nursing program and continues when their professional practice begins. The aim of this study was to explore the socialization of Iranian BSN students in the nursing profession. Methods: An exploratory qualitative approach utilizing Straussian version of the grounded theory (1998) method was used. Individual in-depth semi-structured interviews were undertaken with 14 participants chosen from two large nursing schools in an urban area through purposive and theoretical sampling...
December 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
Rachel H Ellaway, Kaatje Van Roy, Robyn Preston, Jennene Greenhill, Amy Clithero, Salwa Elsanousi, Janet Richards, Charlie Labarda, Lisa Graves, Marykutty Mammen, Abbas A Assayed, Sara Willems
CONTEXT: There is a growing focus on the social missions of medical schools as a way of expressing an institutional commitment to service, responsibility and accountability. However, there has been little exploration of how a social mission translates to student experiences. METHODS: This multicentre study explored how the social missions of eight medical schools (from Australia, Belgium, Canada, the Philippines, South Africa, Sudan and the USA) translated to their medical education programmes, and how their students perceived the mission...
February 2018: Medical Education
Manisha Jhamb, Mary L McNulty, Gerald Ingalsbe, Julie W Childers, Jane Schell, Molly B Conroy, Daniel E Forman, Andrea Hergenroeder, Mary Amanda Dew
BACKGROUND: Despite growing evidence on benefits of increased physical activity in hemodialysis (HD) patients and safety of intra-dialytic exercise, it is not part of standard clinical care, resulting in a missed opportunity to improve clinical outcomes in these patients. To develop a successful exercise program for HD patients, it is critical to understand patients', staff and nephrologists' knowledge, barriers, motivators and preferences for patient exercise. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of HD patients, staff and nephrologists from 4 dialysis units...
November 24, 2016: BMC Nephrology
Kaye Rolls, Margaret Hansen, Debra Jackson, Doug Elliott
BACKGROUND: Prevailing health care structures and cultures restrict intraprofessional communication, inhibiting knowledge dissemination and impacting the translation of research into practice. Virtual communities may facilitate professional networking and knowledge sharing in and between health care disciplines. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to review the literature on the use of social media by health care professionals in developing virtual communities that facilitate professional networking, knowledge sharing, and evidence-informed practice...
June 16, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Betsy Sleath, Delesha M Carpenter, Charles Lee, Ceila E Loughlin, Dana Etheridge, Laura Rivera-Duchesne, Daniel S Reuland, Karolyne Batey, Cristina I Duchesne, Nacire Garcia, Gail Tudor
OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to develop a series of short educational videos for teens and parents to watch before pediatric visits to motivate teens to be more actively involved during their visits. METHODS: The development of the short educational videos was theoretically guided by Social Cognitive Theory. First we conducted four focus groups with teens (ages 11 to 17) with asthma, four focus groups with the teens' parents, and seven focus groups with pediatric providers from four clinics...
September 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Joanne Cunningham, Caroline Wright, Marilyn Baird
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, a practicum facilitated the integration of on-campus learning and practical workplace training. Over the past 3 decades, an educative practicum has evolved that promotes clinical reasoning, including analytical and evaluative abilities, through reflective practice. Anecdotal evidence indicates that the delivery of clinical education within medical radiation science entry-level programs continues to vacillate between traditional practicums and the new reflective practicums...
January 2015: Radiologic Technology
Andrew Teodorczuk, Elizabeta Mukaetova-Ladinska, Sally Corbett, Mark Welfare
Older patients with dementia and delirium receive suboptimal hospital care. Policy calls for more effective education to address this though there is little consensus on what this entails. The purpose of this clarification study is to explore how practice gaps are constructed in relation to managing the confused hospitalised older patient. The intent is to inform educational processes in the work-place beyond traditional approaches such as training. Adopting grounded theory as a research method and working within a social constructionist paradigm we explored the practice gaps of 15 healthcare professionals by interview and conducted five focus groups with patients, carers and Liaison mental health professionals...
August 2015: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
Marcela Bitran, Denisse Zúñiga, Isabel Leiva, Maribel Calderón, Alemka Tomicic, Oslando Padilla, Arnoldo Riquelme
BACKGROUND: The transition to the clinical courses represents a major challenge for medical students who are expected to become experiential learners, able to integrate theory and practice in the context of patient care. There are questions about how students face this challenge. AIM: To understand and compare the perceptions of students and clinical tutors on how medical students learn during the transition to the clinical levels of the curriculum. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed eight focus group discussions with 54 students enrolled in years three to seven and we interviewed eight clinical tutors...
June 2014: Revista Médica de Chile
Deirdre Bennett, Siun O'Flynn, Martina Kelly
Peer assisted learning (PAL) is a common feature of medical education. Understanding of PAL has been based on processes and outcomes in controlled settings, such as clinical skills labs. PAL in the clinical setting, a complex learning environment, requires fresh evaluation. Socio-cultural theory is proposed as a means to understand educational interventions in ways that are practical and meaningful. We describe the evaluation of a PAL intervention, introduced to support students' transition into full time clinical attachments, using activity theory and activity systems analysis (ASA)...
August 2015: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
Christopher J Koenig, Shira Maguen, Jose D Monroy, Lindsay Mayott, Karen H Seal
OBJECTIVE: To describe returning veterans' transition experience from military to civilian life and to educate health care providers about culture-centered communication that promotes readjustment to civilian life. METHODS: Qualitative, in-depth, semi-structured interviews with 17 male and 14 female Iraq and Afghanistan veterans were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed using Grounded Practical Theory. RESULTS: Veterans described disorientation when returning to civilian life after deployment...
June 2014: Patient Education and Counseling
Martin Stocker, Margarita Burmester, Meredith Allen
BACKGROUND: As a conceptual review, this paper will debate relevant learning theories to inform the development, design and delivery of an effective educational programme for simulated team training relevant to health professionals. DISCUSSION: Kolb's experiential learning theory is used as the main conceptual framework to define the sequence of activities. Dewey's theory of reflective thought and action, Jarvis modification of Kolb's learning cycle and Schön's reflection-on-action serve as a model to design scenarios for optimal concrete experience and debriefing for challenging participants' beliefs and habits...
2014: BMC Medical Education
Janneke M Frambach, Erik W Driessen, Cees P M van der Vleuten
There is a growing need for research on culture, cultural differences and cultural effects of globalization in medical education, but these are complex phenomena to investigate. Socio-cultural activity theory seems a useful framework to study cultural complexity, because it matches current views on culture as a dynamic process situated in a social context, and has been valued in diverse fields for yielding rich understandings of complex issues and key factors involved. This paper explains how activity theory can be used in (cross-)cultural medical education research...
June 2014: Perspectives on Medical Education
Tara Fenwick
CONTEXT: In current debates about professional practice and education, increasing emphasis is placed on understanding learning as a process of ongoing participation rather than one of acquiring knowledge and skills. However, although this socio-cultural view is important and useful, issues have emerged in studies of practice-based learning that point to certain oversights. METHODS: Three issues are described here: (i) the limited attention paid to the importance of materiality - objects, technologies, nature, etc...
January 2014: Medical Education
Scott Reeves, Jennifer Peller, Joanne Goldman, Simon Kitto
Ethnography is a type of qualitative research that gathers observations, interviews and documentary data to produce detailed and comprehensive accounts of different social phenomena. The use of ethnographic research in medical education has produced a number of insightful accounts into its role, functions and difficulties in the preparation of medical students for clinical practice. This AMEE Guide offers an introduction to ethnography - its history, its differing forms, its role in medical education and its practical application...
August 2013: Medical Teacher
Benjamin Blatt, Margaret Plack, Mari Suzuki, Sruthi Arepalli, Scott Schroth, Alex Stagnaro-Green
Few avenues exist to familiarize medical students with careers as clinician-educators, and the clinician-educator career pathway has not been well defined. In this article, the authors describe how they integrated a career-oriented student track into the 2011 Northeast Group on Educational Affairs (NEGEA) annual retreat to introduce students to careers in medical education. Annual education conferences are principal sources of educational scholarship, networking, collaboration, and information sharing; as such, they represent attractive venues for early exposure to the culture of medical education...
August 2013: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Christoph Pimmer, Sebastian Linxen, Urs Gröhbiel, Anil Kumar Jha, Günter Burg
BACKGROUND: The achievement of the millennium development goals may be facilitated by the use of information and communication technology in medical and health education. AIMS: This study intended to explore the use and impact of educational technology in medical education in resource-constrained environments. METHODS: A multiple case study was conducted in two Nepalese teaching hospitals. The data were analysed using activity theory as an analytical basis...
May 2013: Medical Teacher
P Zou, M Parry
AIM: This article is intended to stimulate critical thinking about barriers and strategies related to health education for immigrant populations. Its rationale is to promote an understanding and appreciation for the individuality and diversity of immigrant beliefs, values and culture, and how these contribute to health education through nursing practice, research and theory. BACKGROUND: Since 2005, over 1,250,000 immigrants annually have obtained legal permanent residence in North America [over 1 million annually in the United States of America (USA) and over 250,000 annually in Canada]...
December 2012: International Nursing Review
James Williamson
BACKGROUND: Out-patient clinics offer trainees one of the most varied clinical experiences within the hospital setting, but they are often chaotic and over-stretched, with limited time for teaching. An awareness of how to improve this learning environment by both trainers and trainees may enhance learning opportunities. CONTEXT: Clinical supervisors need to balance educational and service commitments, while maintaining a high quality of patient care. Supervision features observation and the sharing of clinical and continual feedback, which can improve clinical performance...
October 2012: Clinical Teacher
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