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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419529/critical-discourse-analysis-of-social-justice-in-nursing-s-foundational-documents
#1
Claire P Valderama-Wallace
OBJECTIVE: Social inequities threaten the health of the global population. A superficial acknowledgement of social justice by nursing's foundational documents may limit the degree to which nurses view injustice as relevant to nursing practice and education. The purpose was to examine conceptualizations of social justice and connections to broader contexts in the most recent editions. DESIGN: Critical discourse analysis examines and uncovers dynamics related to power, language, and inequality within the American Nurses Association's Code of Ethics, Scope and Standards of Practice, and Social Policy Statement...
April 17, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418117/articulating-the-ideal-50-years-of-interprofessional-collaboration-in-medical-education
#2
Elise Paradis, Mandy Pipher, Carrie Cartmill, J Cristian Rangel, Cynthia R Whitehead
CONTEXT: Health care delivery and the education of clinicians have changed immensely since the creation of the journal Medical Education. In this project, we seek to answer the following three questions: How has the concept of collaboration changed over the past 50 years in Medical Education? Have the participants involved in collaboration shifted over time? Has the idea of collaboration itself been transformed over the past 50 years? METHODS: Starting from a constructionist view of scientific discourse, we used directed content analysis to sample, code and analyse 144 collaboration-related articles over the 50-year life span of Medical Education...
April 18, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382053/exploring-the-dominant-discourse-of-baccalaureate-nursing-education-in-iran
#3
Ahmadreza Yazdannik, Alireza Yousefy, Sepideh Mohammadi
INTRODUCTION: Understanding how academic dominant discourse is implicated in the shaping of nursing identity, professional aspirations and socialization of nursing students is useful as it can lead to strategies that promote nursing profession. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a qualitative research conducted through discourse analysis approach. Semi-structured interviews, focus group, and direct observation of undergraduate theoretical and clinical courses were used to collect the data...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299858/psychoeducation-for-bipolar-disorder-a-discourse-analysis
#4
Lynere Wilson, Marie Crowe, Anne Scott, Cameron Lacey
Psychoeducation has become a common intervention within mental health settings. It aims to increase people's ability to manage a life with a long-term illness. For people with bipolar disorder, psychoeducation is one of a range of psychosocial interventions now considered part of contemporary mental health practice. It has taken on a 'common sense' status that results in little critique of psychoeducation practices. Using a published manual on psychoeducation and bipolar disorder as its data, Foucauldian discourse analysis was used in the present study for a critical perspective on psychoeducation in order to explore the taken-for-granted assumptions on which it is based...
March 16, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285584/stylistic-features-of-case-reports-as-a-genre-of-medical-discourse
#5
Yuliia Lysanets, Halyna Morokhovets, Olena Bieliaieva
BACKGROUND: The present paper discusses the lexical and grammatical peculiarities of English language medical case reports, taking into account their communicative purposes and intentions. METHODS: The objective of the research is to clarify the principal mechanisms of producing an effective English language medical case report and thus to provide recommendations and guidelines for medical professionals who will deal with this genre. The analysis of medical case reports will largely focus on the most significant linguistic peculiarities, such as the use of active and passive voice, the choice of particular verb tenses, and pronouns...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277056/patient-participation-in-decision-making-about-cardiovascular-preventive-drugs-resistance-as-agency
#6
Josabeth Hultberg, Carl Edvard Rudebeck
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to describe and explore patient agency through resistance in decision-making about cardiovascular preventive drugs in primary care. DESIGN: Six general practitioners from the southeast of Sweden audiorecorded 80 consultations. From these, 28 consultations with proposals from GPs for cardiovascular preventive drug treatments were chosen for theme-oriented discourse analysis. RESULTS: The study shows how patients participate in decision-making about cardiovascular preventive drug treatments through resistance in response to treatment proposals...
February 28, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124809/discourses-with-potential-to-disrupt-traditional-nursing-education-nursing-teachers-talk-about-norm-critical-competence
#7
Ellinor Tengelin, Elisabeth Dahlborg-Lyckhage
This paper describes the discourses underlying nursing teachers' talk about their own norm-critical competence. Norm criticism is an approach that promotes awareness and criticism of the norms and power structures that exert an excluding effect in society in general and in the healthcare encounter in particular. Given the unequal relationships that can exist in healthcare, for example relationships shaped by racism, sexism and classism, a norm-critical approach to nursing education would help illuminate these matters...
January 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118684/ultrasound-in-undergraduate-medical-education-a-systematic-and-critical-review
#8
REVIEW
Zac Feilchenfeld, Tim Dornan, Cynthia Whitehead, Ayelet Kuper
CONTEXT: The use of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) in clinical care is growing rapidly and advocates have recently proposed the integration of ultrasound into undergraduate medical education (UME). The evidentiary basis for this integration has not been evaluated critically or systematically. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a critical and systematic review framed by the rationales enumerated in academic publications by advocates of ultrasound in UME. METHODS: This research was conducted in two phases...
January 24, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102790/an-adaptable-instrument-and-method-for-exploring-care-and-compassion
#9
Roger Newham, Louise Terry
Background Narratives, particularly when visual and auditory elements are added to words, reveal more about cultures and behaviours, including those present in professional and service settings. Discourse analysis (DA) enables researchers to explicate meanings and understandings linking culture and behaviour. Aim To explain the development of a DA instrument and method for a research study of caring and compassion as expressed in different media. Discussion The DA instrument assisted in systematic and multi-modal data analysis by several researchers from different countries and backgrounds...
January 23, 2017: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095762/a-moral-profession
#10
Roger Newham, Louise Terry, Siobhan Atherley, Sinead Hahessy, Yolanda Babenko-Mould, Marilyn Evans, Karen Ferguson, Graham Carr, S H Cedar
BACKGROUND: Lack of compassion is claimed to result in poor and sometimes harmful nursing care. Developing strategies to encourage compassionate caring behaviours are important because there is evidence to suggest a connection between having a moral orientation such as compassion and resulting caring behaviour in practice. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to articulate a clearer understanding of compassionate caring via nurse educators' selection and use of published texts and film...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050654/misalignments-of-purpose-and-power-in-an-early-canadian-interprofessional-education-initiative
#11
Sarah Whyte, Elise Paradis, Carrie Cartmill, Ayelet Kuper, Heather Boon, Corinne Hart, Saleem Razack, Mandy Pipher, Cynthia R Whitehead
Interprofessional education (IPE) has been widely incorporated into health professional curricula and accreditation standards despite an arguably thin base of evidence regarding its clinical effects, theoretical underpinnings, and social implications. To better understand how and why IPE first took root, but failed to grow, this study examines one of the earliest documented IPE initiatives, which took place at the University of British Columbia between 1960 and 1975. We examined a subset of 110 texts (academic literature, grey literature, and unpublished records) from a larger study that uses Critical Discourse Analysis to trace the emergence of IPE in Canada...
January 3, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032301/from-disabled-students-to-disabled-brains-the-medicalizing-power-of-rhetorical-images-in-the-israeli-learning-disabilities-field
#12
Ofer Katchergin
The neurocentric worldview that identifies the essence of the human being with the material brain has become a central paradigm in current academic discourse. Israeli researchers also seek to understand educational principles and processes via neuroscientific models. On this background, the article uncovers the central role that visual brain images play in the learning-disabilities field in Israel. It examines the place brain images have in the professional imagination of didactic-diagnosticians as well as their influence on the diagnosticians' clinical attitudes...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992032/speech-of-nurse-managers-related-to-conditions-that-dis-favor-the-control-of-tuberculosis-in-the-elderly
#13
Amanda de Araújo Romera, Anne Jaquelyne Roque Barrêto, Patrícia Geórgia de Oliveira Diniz Pinheiro, Karinne Dantas de Oliveira Adário, Lenilde Duarte de Sá
Objective: To analyze the discourse of nurse managers related to conditions that (dis)favor the control of tuberculosis in the elderly. Method: This study is qualitative and was held in a city considered a priority in the control of tuberculosis in Paraiba. Data collection was carried out between February and May 2014, through semi-structured interviews with eleven nurse managers. French Discourse Analysis was used the to analyze the empirical material. Results: The following discursive block was identified in the analysis: Conditions that (dis)favor the control of tuberculosis in the elderly...
December 15, 2016: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986091/from-early-detection-to-rehabilitation-in-the-community-reading-beyond-the-blog-testimonies-of-survivors-quality-of-life-and-prostate-cancer-representation
#14
Margareth Santos Zanchetta, Marguerite Cognet, Mary Rachel Lam-Kin-Teng, Marie Elisabeth Dumitriu, Lise Renaud, Jacques Rhéaume
BACKGROUND: Survivors' testimonies can reveal much about men's experiences of prostate cancer and impacts on their quality of life (QOL) during the clinical trajectory of the disease. These survivors' shared thoughts and views were hypothesized to reflect salient features of their lived social representation of prostate cancer. CONTEXT: We explored the content of testimonies posted by men to a public blog hosted by a French national prostate cancer patients' association...
December 16, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981655/the-interplay-of-text-meaning-and-practice-methodological-considerations-on-discourse-analysis-in-medical-education
#15
Dan Kärreman, Charlotta Levay
CONTEXT: The study of discourses (i.e. verbal interactions or written accounts) is increasingly used in social sciences to gain insight into issues connected to discourse, such as meanings, behaviours and actions. This paper situates discourse analysis in medical education, based on a framework developed in organisational discourse analysis and widely deployed in other social science disciplines. OBJECTIVES: This paper aims to examine the constructs of 'discourse' and 'discourse analysis', and how various understandings of discourse and discourse analysis may play out in empirical and analytical settings, with a particular focus on the field of medical education...
January 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743732/the-interactional-consequences-of-empowering-discourse-in-intercultural-patient-education
#16
Tonia Crawford, Peter Roger, Sally Candlin
OBJECTIVE: Patient education is an important part of nurses' roles; however the inconsistent quality of communication skills, including those of registered nurses (RNs) from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds, risk patient safety. Empowerment in patient education has been found to influence patients' self-efficacy and participation in decision-making. Discourse analysis of a whole interaction is used in this paper to trace the consequences of patient education where empowering discourse is displayed by an RN from a CALD background...
March 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692895/an-evaluation-of-forums-for-discussions-on-inclusion-in-a-college-of-nursing
#17
Gordon Lee Gillespie, Tracy Pritchard, Karen Bankston, Jasmine Burno, Greer Glazer
BACKGROUND: The lack of diversity in the nursing profession could be an outcome of unconscious biases. Forums allowing the personal reflection and discourse of these unconscious biases are needed in order for a diverse and inclusive learning environment to exist. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe the experiences of students, staff, faculty members, and guests participating in a forum on diversity and inclusion. METHODS: An exploratory design was used to understand the experiences of college of nursing students, staff, faculty members, and guests who participated in a diversity and inclusion intervention sponsored by the college of nursing's Diversity Advisory Council...
August 30, 2016: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607526/understanding-the-patient-experience-through-the-power-of-film-a-mixed-method-qualitative-research-study
#18
Sherri Ogston-Tuck, Kath Baume, Chris Clarke, Simon Heng
BACKGROUND: For decades film has proved to be a powerful form of communication. Whether produced as entertainment, art or documentary, films have the capacity to inform and move us. Films are a highly attractive teaching instrument and an appropriate teaching method in health education. It is a valuable tool for studying situations most transcendental to human beings such as pain, disease and death. OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to determine how this helps students engage with their role as health care professionals; to determine how they view the personal experience of illness, disease, disability or death; and to determine how this may impact upon their provision of patient care...
November 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603429/confidence-crisis-among-general-surgery-residents-a-systematic-review-and-qualitative-discourse-analysis
#19
Dawn M Elfenbein
Importance: In the surgical community, there is concern that general surgery residents are choosing subspecialty training in large numbers because of a crisis in confidence at the end of training. Confidence is an essential quality of surgeons, and recent studies have attempted to quantify and measure it in graduating general surgery residents. Objectives: To systematically review the quality of evidence provided and to critically analyze the language used to describe the findings using quantitative methods...
December 1, 2016: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27384272/medical-training-and-nurses-of-family-health-strategy-on-worker-health-aspect
#20
Érika Chediak Mori, Alessandra Vitorino Naghettini
UNLABELLED: Considering the worker's health one of the Unified Health System (SUS) tasks, the Primary Health Care (PHC) and the Family Health Strategy (FHS) play an important role in the development of health actions in the field health-work. In Brazil, where the number of informal and domiciled jobs is high, the FHS becomes a reference in the workers' health actions. Therefore, if the FHS is not attentive to the relation between professional occupation and disease, several diseases that affect workers can overload the system without obtaining a cure...
June 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
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