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Jennifer A Frontera
Hepatic encephalopathy management varies depending on the acuity of liver failure. However, in patients with either acute or chronic liver failure five basic steps in management are critical: stabilization, addressing modifiable precipitating factors, lowering blood ammonia, managing elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) (if present), and managing complications of liver failure that can contribute to encephalopathy, particularly hyponatremia. Because liver failure patients are prone to a variety of other medical problems that can lead to encephalopathy (such as coagulopathy associated intracranial hemorrhage, electrolyte disarray, renal failure, hypotension, hypoglycemia, and infection), a thorough history, physical and neurologic examination is mandated in all encephalopathic liver failure patients...
June 2014: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
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