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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340544/understanding-challenges-strategies-and-the-role-of-support-networks-in-medication-self-management-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#1
Gerda Bernhard, Dominik Ose, Ines Baudendistel, Hanna M Seidling, Marion Stützle, Joachim Szecsenyi, Michel Wensing, Cornelia Mahler
Purpose The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate the challenges and strategies of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) regarding daily management of their medication regimen focusing on the role of their support networks. Methods A purposeful sample of 25 patients with T2DM was recruited from local self-help groups, general practitioner practices, and a university hospital in southwestern Germany. Four semi-structured focus groups were conducted to identify the challenges patients experienced, the strategies they used, and their collaboration with support networks to assist them in self-managing their medication regimen...
April 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137703/a-medical-student-delivered-smoking-prevention-program-education-against-tobacco-for-secondary-schools-in-brazil-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-trial
#2
Luiz Eduardo De Freitas Xavier, Breno Bernardes-Souza, Oscar Campos Lisboa, Werner Seeger, David Alexander Groneberg, Thien-An Tran, Fabian Norbert Fries, Paulo César Rodrigues Pinto Corrêa, Titus Josef Brinker
BACKGROUND: Smoking is the largest preventable cause of morbidity and mortality in Brazil. Education Against Tobacco (EAT) is a large network of medical students in 13 countries who volunteer for school-based prevention in the classroom setting. A recent quasi-experimental EAT study conducted in Germany showed significant short-term smoking cessation effects on 11- to 15-year-old adolescents. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is both to describe and to provide the first randomized long-term evaluation of the EAT intervention involving a photoaging app for its effectiveness to reduce the smoking prevalence among 12- to 17-year-old pupils in Brazilian public schools...
January 30, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126155/social-media-as-a-platform-for-information-about-diabetes-foot-care-a-study-of-facebook-groups
#3
Tasnima Abedin, Mohammad Al Mamun, Mohammad A A Lasker, Syed Walid Ahmed, Nusrat Shommu, Nahid Rumana, Tanvir C Turin
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is one of the most challenging chronic health conditions in the current era. Diabetes-related foot problems need proper patient education, and social media could a play role to disseminate proper information. METHOD: A systematic search was performed on Facebook groups using the key words "diabetes foot care", "diabetes foot", "diabetes foot management" and "podiatric care". The search resulted in 57 groups and detailed activity information was collected from those groups...
February 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026877/school-based-education-programmes-for-the-prevention-of-unintentional-injuries-in-children-and-young-people
#4
REVIEW
Elizabeth Orton, Jessica Whitehead, Jacqueline Mhizha-Murira, Mandy Clarkson, Michael C Watson, Caroline A Mulvaney, Joy Ul Staniforth, Munish Bhuchar, Denise Kendrick
BACKGROUND: Unintentional injuries are the leading cause of death in children aged four to 18 years and are a major cause of ill health. The school setting offers the opportunity to deliver preventive interventions to a large number of children and has been used to address a range of public health problems. However, the effectiveness of the school setting for the prevention of different injury mechanisms in school-aged children is not well understood. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of school-based educational programmes for the prevention of injuries in children and evaluate their impact on improving children's safety skills, behaviour and practices, and knowledge, and assess their cost-effectiveness...
December 27, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981653/social-network-analysis-in-medical-education-a-methodology-in-search-of-a-theory
#5
David Prideaux
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968858/health-and-health-care-in-chinese-government-manifestos-a-content-analysis-of-the-report-on-the-work-of-the-government-from-1954-to-2016
#6
Pingyue Jin
BACKGROUND: The Report on the Work of the Government, an important manifesto of the Chinese administration, provides a fundamental and comprehensive outline for public policy-making annually. For health policy researchers, the report provides unique insights that cannot be found in documents within the health-care sector, since the report addresses health issues together with other social concerns. This study uses government work reports to analyse how health issues have been framed and associated with other crucial agendas within the Chinese Government...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873413/six-degrees-of-separation-the-small-world-of-medical-education
#7
Wolf E Hautz, Gert Krummrey, Aristomenis Exadaktylos, Stefanie C Hautz
CONTEXT: Conventional wisdom has it that everyone on earth is on average only six steps away from knowing any other person through 'a friend of a friend'. On a local level, however, many people experience that most of their acquaintances know each other. It is thus hard to imagine how such a highly clustered group could be so well connected to the rest of the world. In this paper, we investigate how co-authorship connects scholars in medical education and whether the six degrees of separation hypothesis also applies to the network of authors in the field...
December 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807877/social-network-analysis-in-medical-education
#8
Rachel Isba, Katherine Woolf, Robert Hanneman
CONTENT: Humans are fundamentally social beings. The social systems within which we live our lives (families, schools, workplaces, professions, friendship groups) have a significant influence on our health, success and well-being. These groups can be characterised as networks and analysed using social network analysis. SOCIAL NETWORK ANALYSIS: Social network analysis is a mainly quantitative method for analysing how relationships between individuals form and affect those individuals, but also how individual relationships build up into wider social structures that influence outcomes at a group level...
January 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803559/self-care-concept-analysis-in-cancer-patients-an-evolutionary-concept-analysis
#9
Ali Hasanpour-Dehkordi
BACKGROUND: Self-care is a frequently used concept in both the theory and the clinical practice of nursing and is considered an element of nursing theory by Orem. The aim of this paper is to identify the core attributes of the self-care concept in cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used Rodgers' evolutionary method of concept analysis. The articles published in English language from 1980 to 2015 on nursing and non-nursing disciplines were analyzed. Finally, 85 articles, an MSc thesis, and a PhD thesis were selected, examined, and analyzed in-depth...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624860/pharmacy-and-primary-care-perspectives-on-e-prescribing-in-a-rural-community-a-focused-ethnography
#10
Sarah Kooienga, Reshmi L Singh
BACKGROUND: Electronic prescribing (ERx) is the ability for prescriber to send a digital prescription directly to a pharmacist through a dedicated secure network. A number of federally funded incentives such as the health information technology for economic and clinical health (HITECH) and Meaningful Use standards have led to ERx implementation. ERx is an integral part of primary care practice and today most community pharmacies are enabled to accept e-prescriptions. Little is known about the experience of rural pharmacists, primary care providers and patients regarding e-prescribing...
August 25, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583234/the-usage-of-social-networking-sites-by-medical-students-for-educational-purposes-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#11
Salman Y Guraya
BACKGROUND: Online social networking sites (SNSs) (e.g., Facebook, MySpace, Flickr, Twitter and YouTube) have emerged as rapidly growing mechanisms to exchange personal and professional information among university students. This research aims to determine the medical students' extent of usage of SNSs for educational purposes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Educational Resources Information Centre (ERIC), Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), the Cochrane library, and Excerpta Medica Data Base (EMBASE) were searched to retrieve articles from 2004 to 2014, applying predefined search terms and inclusion criteria...
July 2016: North American Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556006/stigma-substance-use-and-sexual-risk-behaviors-among-hiv-infected-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-qualitative-study
#12
E Jennifer Edelman, Christopher A Cole, Wanda Richardson, Nicholas Boshnack, Heidi Jenkins, Marjorie S Rosenthal
BACKGROUND: Public health HIV-service providers, including Medical Case Managers (case managers) and Disease Intervention Specialists (DIS) have a key role to play in identifying and addressing clients' complex mental health needs and substance use which contribute to sexual risk behaviors, yet their understanding and its consensus with HIV-infected men who have sex with men (MSM) have not been well characterized. METHODS: Together with an AIDS Service Organization and the Connecticut State Department of Public Health in 2011-2012, we conducted a focus group of case managers (n = 14) and interviewed DIS (n = 7) and HIV-infected MSM (n = 17) in Connecticut...
June 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525320/bibliometric-mapping-and-clustering-analysis-of-iranian-papers-on-reproductive-medicine-in-scopus-database-2010-2014
#13
Soheila Bazm, Seyyed Mehdi Kalantar, Masoud Mirzaei
BACKGROUND: To meet the future challenges in the field of reproductive medicine in Iran, better understanding of published studies is needed. Bibliometric methods and social network analysis have been used to measure the scope and illustrate scientific output of researchers in this field. OBJECTIVE: This study provides insight into the structure of the network of Iranian papers published in the field of reproductive medicine through 2010-2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, all relevant scientific publications were retrieved from Scopus database and were analyzed according to document type, journal of publication, hot topics, authors and institutions...
June 2016: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27424041/learning-strategies-study-habits-and-social-networking-activity-of-undergraduate-medical-students
#14
Andrea Bickerdike, Conall O'Deasmhunaigh, Siun O'Flynn, Colm O'Tuathaigh
OBJECTIVES: To determine learning strategies, study habits, and online social networking use of undergraduates at an Irish medical school, and their relationship with academic performance. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Year 2 and final year undergraduate-entry and graduate-entry students at an Irish medical school. Data about participants' demographics and educational background, study habits (including time management), and use of online media was collected using a self-report questionnaire...
July 17, 2016: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27362515/pain-intensity-in-hospitalized-adults-a-multilevel-analysis-of-barriers-and-facilitators-of-pain-management
#15
Ann Van Hecke, Aurélie Van Lancker, Bart De Clercq, Céline De Meyere, Sara Dequeker, Jacques Devulder
BACKGROUND: Despite an enhanced interest and evolution in pain management, prevalence remains high. Interventions to optimize pain-related care can only be effective if barriers are identified and accounted for. AIM: To assess pain intensity and examine its association with patient- (including health literacy defined in this study as "requiring help to read health information"), nurse-, and system-related (including social capital defined as "the importance of network and norms at work") barriers/facilitators to pain management...
July 2016: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27324716/-we-have-beaten-hiv-a-bit-a-qualitative-study-of-experiences-of-peer-support-during-pregnancy-with-an-hiv-mentor-mother-project-in-england
#16
Jenny McLeish, Maggie Redshaw
OBJECTIVES: To explore the experiences of women living with HIV in England who received or gave Mentor Mother (trained mother-to-mother) volunteer peer support during pregnancy and early motherhood. DESIGN: Qualitative descriptive study, using semistructured, in-depth interviews and inductive thematic analysis, theoretically informed by phenomenological social psychology. SETTING: A London-based third sector peer support organisation for people living with HIV...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27296242/demographic-based-content-analysis-of-web-based-health-related-social-media
#17
Shouq A Sadah, Moloud Shahbazi, Matthew T Wiley, Vagelis Hristidis
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of patients from diverse demographic groups share and search for health-related information on Web-based social media. However, little is known about the content of the posted information with respect to the users' demographics. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to analyze the content of Web-based health-related social media based on users' demographics to identify which health topics are discussed in which social media by which demographic groups and to help guide educational and research activities...
2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27160348/facilitators-and-barriers-to-evidence-based-practice-perceptions-of-nurse-educators-clinical-coaches-and-nurse-specialists-from-a-descriptive-study
#18
Gulzar Malik, Lisa McKenna, Virginia Plummer
BACKGROUND: Implementation of evidence-based practice (EBP) is a major initiative within health care settings to ensure clinical and policy decisions incorporate best available evidence. AIMS: This paper reports findings from a descriptive study exploring nurse educators', clinical coaches' and nurse specialists' perceptions of factors associated with using EBP. METHODS: Data was collected from a senior group of nurses working in a tertiary health care network in Victoria, Australia by employing a questionnaire that was distributed to a total of 435 people, of whom 135 responded...
October 2016: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27061997/sleep-quality-in-medical-students-the-impact-of-over-use-of-mobile-cell-phone-and-social-networks
#19
Abolfazl Mohammadbeigi, Rozita Absari, Farzaneh Valizadeh, Mohammadreza Saadati, Soroush Sharifimoghadam, Ali Ahmadi, Mohsen Mokhtari, Hossein Ansari
BACKGROUND: Poor sleep quality is closely associated with lifestyle habits including use of mobile cell-phones.This study aimed to identify the relationship between sleep quality due to abuse in mobile cell-phones and engagement in social networks. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 380 undergraduate students selected by proportional stratified sampling in Qom, Iran in 2015. Data were collected by two standard questionnaire including Cell-Phone Over-Use Scale (COS) and Pittsburgh sleep quality questionnaire beside the status of usage in cell-phone social networks...
2016: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26990036/mutuality-in-health-care-review-concept-analysis-and-ways-forward
#20
REVIEW
Brian J Brown
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This paper aims to critically investigate the notion of mutuality in nursing, and explore how to resolve the tension between individualised accounts of mutuality and institutional and political factors. BACKGROUND: The concept of mutuality underlies many theories and models of nursing yet this does not capture the power relations in health care or institutional constraints on mutuality. DESIGN: This is a position paper informed by a narrative literature review...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
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