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qualitative research methodology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315192/discrete-choice-experiment-attribute-selection-using-a-multinational-interview-study-treatment-features-important-to-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#1
Anna Rydén, Stephanie Chen, Emuella Flood, Beverly Romero, Susan Grandy
INTRODUCTION: Methods for discrete choice experiment (DCE) attribute and attribute-level selection have not yet been firmly established and are rarely reported in detail. This paper describes a qualitative study designed to inform the development of a DCE survey designed to examine preferences for glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist (GLP-1RA) treatments among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: The study involved a literature review, interviews with clinical experts, and interviews with GLP-1RA-experienced (i...
March 17, 2017: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301485/a-review-of-patient-and-carer-participation-and-the-use-of-qualitative-research-in-the-development-of-core-outcome-sets
#2
Janet E Jones, Laura L Jones, Thomas J H Keeley, Melanie J Calvert, Jonathan Mathers
BACKGROUND: To be meaningful, a core outcome set (COS) should be relevant to all stakeholders including patients and carers. This review aimed to explore the methods by which patients and carers have been included as participants in COS development exercises and, in particular, the use and reporting of qualitative methods. METHODS: In August 2015, a search of the Core Outcomes Measures in Effectiveness Trials (COMET) database was undertaken to identify papers involving patients and carers in COS development...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301037/primary-care-for-diabetes-mellitus-patients-from-the-perspective-of-the-care-model-for-chronic-conditions
#3
Maria Aparecida Salci, Betina Hörner Schlindwein Meirelles, Denise Maria Guerreiro Vieira da Silva
Objective: to assess the health care Primary Health Care professionals provide to diabetes mellitus patients from the perspective of the Modelo de Atenção às Condições Crônicas. Method: qualitative study, using the theoretical framework of Complex Thinking and the Modelo de Atenção às Condições Crônicas and the methodological framework of assessment research. To collect the data, 38 interviews were held with health professionals and managers; observation of the activities by the health teams; and analysis of 25 files of people who received this care...
March 9, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300998/psychological-assistance-provided-to-patients-diagnosed-with-depression-in-primary-care
#4
Cibele Cunha Lima da Motta, Carmen Leontina Ojeda Ocampo Moré, Carlos Henrique Sancineto da Silva Nunes
The scope of this research was to understand the assistance provided by psychologists to patients diagnosed with depression in the municipal health care network. In this study, the phenomenon is examined from its broader perspective, taking the psychosocial dimensions of health into account. A group of 22 psychologists participated in this study of a qualitative nature. Data collection began with participant in-field observation of the institutional context followed by semi-structured interviews. Grounded theory methodology was used to analyze information, thereby facilitating its integration and categorization...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298274/characteristics-of-smartphone-applications-for-nutrition-improvement-in-community-settings-a-scoping-review
#5
REVIEW
Emma Tonkin, Julie Brimblecombe, Thomas Philip Wycherley
Smartphone applications are increasingly being used to support nutrition improvement in community settings. However, there is a scarcity of practical literature to support researchers and practitioners in choosing or developing health applications. This work maps the features, key content, theoretical approaches, and methods of consumer testing of applications intended for nutrition improvement in community settings. A systematic, scoping review methodology was used to map published, peer-reviewed literature reporting on applications with a specific nutrition-improvement focus intended for use in the community setting...
March 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289474/the-history-of-public-health-use-of-fluorides-in-caries-prevention
#6
Tea Šket, Andreja Kukec, Rok Kosem, Barbara Artnik
AIM: The aim of our study was to chronologically analyse various public health measures of fluoride use in caries prevention. METHODS: We systematically searched the PubMed database on the preventive role of fluorides in public health, published from 1984 to 2014. The search process was divided into four steps, where inclusion and exclusion criteria were defined. Qualitative methodology was used for the article analysis. In the research process, the described forms of F use, diversity of the described F agents, and the observed population group were analysed...
June 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288637/exploring-implementation-practices-in-results-based-financing-the-case-of-the-verification-in-benin
#7
Matthieu Antony, Maria Paola Bertone, Olivier Barthes
BACKGROUND: Results-based financing (RBF) has been introduced in many countries across Africa and a growing literature is building around the assessment of their impact. These studies are usually quantitative and often silent on the paths and processes through which results are achieved and on the wider health system effects of RBF. To address this gap, our study aims at exploring the implementation of an RBF pilot in Benin, focusing on the verification of results. METHODS: The study is based on action research carried out by authors involved in the pilot as part of the agency supporting the RBF implementation in Benin...
March 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277201/the-value-of-qualitative-description-in-health-services-and-policy-research
#8
Roger Chafe
Health services and policy (HSP) researchers have long used qualitative research methodologies to explore health system issues. However, the appropriateness of one approach, qualitative description, for HSP research is still often overlooked. In this article, I discuss the role that qualitative description can play in HSP research, and argue for its greater acceptance as a valid form of academic scholarship.
February 2017: Healthcare Policy, Politiques de Santé
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274778/understanding-patient-and-relative-carer-experience-of-hip-fracture-in-acute-care-a-qualitative-study-protocol
#9
Lorena Saletti-Cuesta, Elizabeth Tutton, Debbie Langstaff, Keith Willett
BACKGROUND: This paper presents a qualitative study protocol focusing on older peoples' experience of recovery in acute care following hip fracture and also the experiences of their family or informal carers. There is limited evidence regarding older people and their relatives'/carers' experiences of recovery in acute care. AIM: The study had two research questions. First what is the experience of older people who have suffered a fractured hip and secondly what is the relatives'/carers' experience of being alongside a person who has suffered a fractured hip? METHODS: The methodology chosen is phenomenology using the methods of interviewing and participant observation...
September 9, 2016: International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271556/where-next-for-delirium-research
#10
Rowan H Harwood, Elizabeth Teale
Clinicians who manage delirium must do so without key information required for evidence-based practice, not least lack of any clearly effective treatment for established delirium. Both the nature of delirium and the methods used to research it contribute to difficulties. Delirium is heterogeneous, with respect to motor subtype, aetiology, setting and the co-existence of dementia, and may be almost inevitable towards the end of life. Elements of assessment are subjective, so diagnosis can be uncertain or unreliable...
March 8, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271392/labelling-of-mental-illness-in-a%C3%A2-paediatric-emergency-department-and-its-implications-for-stigma-reduction-education
#11
Javeed Sukhera, Kristina Miller, Alexandra Milne, Christina Scerbo, Rodrick Lim, Alicia Cooper, Chris Watling
INTRODUCTION: Stigmatizing attitudes and behaviours towards patients with mental illness have negative consequences on their health. Despite research regarding educational and social contact-based interventions to reduce stigma, there are limitations to the success of these interventions for individuals with deeply held stigmatizing beliefs. Our study sought to better understand the process of implicit mental illness stigma in the setting of a paediatric emergency department to inform the design of future educational interventions...
March 7, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268224/eawe-examination-of-anomalous-world-experience
#12
Louis Sass, Elizabeth Pienkos, Borut Škodlar, Giovanni Stanghellini, Thomas Fuchs, Josef Parnas, Nev Jones
The "EAWE: Examination of Anomalous World Experience" is a detailed semi-structured interview format whose aim is to elicit description and discussion of a person's experience of various aspects of their lived world. The instrument is grounded in the tradition of phenomenological psychopathology and aims to explore, in a qualitatively rich manner, six key dimensions of subjectivity - namely, a person's experience of: (1) Space and objects, (2) Time and events, (3) Other persons, (4) Language (whether spoken or written), (5) Atmosphere (overall sense of reality, familiarity, vitality, meaning, or relevance), and (6) Existential orientation (values, attitudes, and worldviews)...
March 8, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267031/young-women-s-experiences-of-psychotic-illness-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-research
#13
Wanda M Chernomas, Kendra L Rieger, Jane V Karpa, Diana E Clarke, Shelley Marchinko, Lisa Demczuk
BACKGROUND: The relationship between young adulthood, women and psychosis was the focus for this systematic review. Age and gender are factors that can influence responses to illness. Research indicates that there are differences in how young men and women are affected biologically and psychosocially, including the presentation of a constellation of symptoms, response to anti-psychotic medications and how they assess their life circumstances. Yet in literature that examines experiences of young people with psychosis, the specific needs of young women are usually not presented separately...
March 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266183/capturing-the-art-of-emergency-medicine-does-film-foster-reflection-in-medical-students
#14
Gabrielle Brand, Steve Wise, Zarrin S Siddiqui, Antonio Celenza, Daniel M Fatovich
OBJECTIVE: Integrating arts and humanities-based pedagogy into curricula is of growing interest among medical educators, particularly how it promotes reflection and empathy. Our aim was to explore whether a 2.50 min film titled 'The Art of the ED' stimulated reflective learning processes in a group of first year medical students. METHODS: The film was shown prior to their first clinical placement in an ED. Student participation was voluntary and not assessable...
March 7, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263727/an-integrative-review-of-technology-to-support-communication-with-parents-of-infants-in-the-nicu
#15
REVIEW
Elizabeth G Epstein, Jaqueline Arechiga, Margaret Dancy, Jordan Simon, Daniel Wilson, Jeanne L Alhusen
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize findings from the published literature on the use of technology in the NICU to improve communications and interactions among health care providers, parents, and infants. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases including Ovid MEDLINE, CINAHL, Web of Science, and Google Scholar were searched for related research published through May 2016. The reference lists of all studies were reviewed, and a hand search of key journals was also conducted to locate eligible studies...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262981/-it-happens-to-girls-all-the-time-examining-sexual-assault-survivors-reasons-for-not-using-campus-supports
#16
Kathryn J Holland, Lilia M Cortina
Sexual assault is a prevalent problem in higher education, and despite the increasing availability of formal supports on college campuses, few sexual assault survivors use them. Experiencing sexual assault can have devastating consequences on survivors' psychological and educational wellbeing, which may intensify if survivors do not receive adequate care. Drawing from existing theoretical frameworks and empirical research, this study used a mixed methodological approach to examine why survivors did not use three key campus supports-the Title IX Office, the sexual assault center, and housing staff-and if these reasons differed across the three supports...
March 6, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262631/-surgical-treatment-for-endocarditis-in-iceland-1997-2003
#17
Hedinn Sigurdsson, Sunna Gestsdottir, Kristjan G Gudmundsson, Sigridur Halldorsdottir
INTRODUCTION: Most GPs in Iceland are public employees on fixed salaries which is very different from their Norwegian colleagues. The aim of this study was to explore the experience of Icelandic GPs who have also worked as GPs in Norway and compare their experience of working in these two neighboring countries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were collected through interviews with 16 GPs that during the study period 2009-2010 were all working in Iceland. Two to ten years had passed since their return from Norway...
2017: Læknablađiđ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259240/school-personnel-social-support-and-nonsupport-for-bystanders-of-bullying-exploring-student-perspectives
#18
Laura Wood, Jennifer Smith, Kris Varjas, Joel Meyers
Defending behaviors by bystanders in bullying situations have been associated with decreases in the frequency and negative effects of bullying incidents. The current study utilized qualitative methodology to investigate the role of perceived school personnel support and nonsupport in students' decisions to display defending behaviors. Forty-six semi-structured interviews were conducted with upper-elementary (n=26) and middle school (n=20) students in the southeastern United States. Qualitative data were analyzed using constant comparison and a recursive inductive-deductive approach...
April 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257511/the-future-of-veterinary-communication-partnership-or-persuasion-a-qualitative-investigation-of-veterinary-communication-in-the-pursuit-of-client-behaviour-change
#19
Alison M Bard, David C J Main, Anne M Haase, Helen R Whay, Emma J Roe, Kristen K Reyher
Client behaviour change is at the heart of veterinary practice, where promoting animal health and welfare is often synonymous with engaging clients in animal management practices. In the medical realm, extensive research points to the link between practitioner communication and patient behavioural outcomes, suggesting that the veterinary industry could benefit from a deeper understanding of veterinarian communication and its effects on client motivation. Whilst extensive studies have quantified language components typical of the veterinary consultation, the literature is lacking in-depth qualitative analysis in this context...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245854/development-of-the-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-steroid-questionnaire-ssq-a-novel-patient-reported-outcome-tool-to-assess-the-impact-of-oral-steroid-treatment
#20
Susan D Mathias, Pamela Berry, Jane De Vries, Anca Askanase, Katie Pascoe, Hilary H Colwell, David J Chang
BACKGROUND: Oral glucocorticoids (steroids) are the mainstay of treatment for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), but their use is often associated with short- and long-term side effects. Following a literature review and discussions with patients with SLE, clinicians, and payers, a need was identified for a comprehensive SLE-specific tool that can be used to evaluate the side effects and benefits of steroids over time from a patient perspective. The objective of this study was to develop a patient-reported outcome (PRO) measure to assess general impact (baseline burden), benefits, side effects, and impacts associated with the use of oral steroids in patients with SLE...
February 28, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
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