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qualitative research methodology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921636/counterintuitive-findings-from-a-qualitative-study-of-mental-health-in-english-women-s-prisons
#1
Laura S Caulfield
Purpose Large numbers of women in prison report significant emotional and mental health problems, and there is evidence to suggest that the prison environment may exacerbate the incidence and severity of these issues (Armour, 2012). However, there has been limited exploration of the extent to which women's mental health problems exist prior to incarceration, whether symptoms first occur in incarceration, and how incarceration affects this. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach In-depth interviews were conducted with 43 women incarcerated in three English prisons and a thematic analysis of the data was conducted...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921635/a-literature-based-intervention-for-women-prisoners-preliminary-findings
#2
Josie Billington, Eleanor Longden, Jude Robinson
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to investigate whether Shared Reading (SR), a specific literature-based intervention, is transposable to a prison context and whether mental health benefits identified in other custodial and non-custodial settings were reported by women prisoners. Design/methodology/approach In all, 35 participants were recruited within an all-female maximum security prison and attended one of two weekly reading groups. Qualitative data were collected through researcher observation of the reading groups; interviews and focus group discussions with participants and prison staff; interviews with the project worker leading the reading groups; and a review of records kept by the latter during group sessions...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921634/smoking-cessation-in-smoke-free-prisons-a-grounded-theory-study
#3
Ashleigh Djachenko, Winsome St John, Creina Mitchell
Purpose Prisoners are vulnerable to tobacco addiction and have a smoking prevalence significantly higher than that of the general community. The context of this study was the implementation of a "smoke-free prisons" policy, which imposed forced smoking cessation onto the Queensland, Australian prison population. The study asked the question: "What are the psychosocial processes in which male prisoners engage during smoking cessation in a smoke-free environment?" Design/methodology/approach Qualitative interviews were conducted with 15 prisoners in South-east Queensland smoke-free correctional centres...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915114/measurement-and-evaluation-practices-of-factors-that-contribute-to-effective-health-promotion-collaboration-functioning-a-scoping-review
#4
Sean Stolp, Joan L Bottorff, Cherisse L Seaton, Margaret Jones-Bricker, John L Oliffe, Steven T Johnson, Sally Errey, Kerensa Medhurst, Sonia Lamont
The purpose of this scoping review was to identify promising factors that underpin effective health promotion collaborations, measurement approaches, and evaluation practices. Measurement approaches and evaluation practices employed in 14 English-language articles published between January 2001 and October 2015 were considered. Data extraction included research design, health focus of the collaboration, factors being evaluated, how factors were conceptualized and measured, and outcome measures. Studies were methodologically diverse employing either quantitative methods (n=9), mixed methods (n=4), or qualitative methods (n=1)...
November 22, 2016: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907008/an-assemblable-multi-angle-fluorescence-and-ellipsometric-microscope
#5
Victoria Nguyen, John Rizzo, Babak Sanii
We introduce a multi-functional microscope for research laboratories that have significant cost and space limitations. The microscope pivots around the sample, operating in upright, inverted, side-on and oblique geometries. At these geometries it is able to perform bright-field, fluorescence and qualitative ellipsometric imaging. It is the first single instrument in the literature to be able to perform all of these functionalities. The system can be assembled by two undergraduate students from a provided manual in less than a day, from off-the-shelf and 3D printed components, which together cost approximately $16k at 2016 market prices...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900817/community-based-participatory-research-an-innovative-approach-for-improving-perioperative-care-of-underserved-children
#6
Alvina Rosales, Michelle A Fortier, Belinda Campos, Marla Vivero, Ariana Martinez, Nancy Huerta, Sheeva Zolghadr, Kathleen Adlard, Zeev N Kain
Pediatric disparities disproportionately affect Latino youth undergoing surgery and their families. As such, there is a critical need for culturally relevant frameworks that can advance perioperative intervention approaches in this population and reduce these disparities. In the following article, we first describe the methodological process of community-based participatory research (CBPR) and next report the results of the CBPR process that was conducted in this population. An interdisciplinary group of investigators, Latina mothers, and various other stakeholders met for a series of CBPR-based structured meetings...
November 30, 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899106/which-aspects-of-health-care-are-most-valued-by-people-living-with-hiv-in-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#7
V Cooper, J Clatworthy, E Youssef, C Llewellyn, A Miners, M Lagarde, M Sachikonye, N Perry, E Nixon, A Pollard, C Sabin, C Foreman, M Fisher
BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of people with HIV are living into older age and experiencing comorbidities. The development of new models of care to meet the needs of this population is now a priority. It is important that the views and preferences of patients inform the development of services in order to maintain high levels of patient satisfaction and engagement. The aim of this systematic review was to determine which aspects of healthcare are particularly valued by people living with HIV...
November 30, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892616/a-policy-analysis-of-teamwork-as-a-proposal-for-healthcare-humanization-implications-for-nursing
#8
R N da Silva, F D da S de Freitas, F P de Araújo, M de A Ferreira
AIM: To analyse the implications of the political devices of the Brazilian National Humanization Policy, Singular Therapeutic Project and Reference Team and Matrix Support, for nursing as a professional discipline. BACKGROUND: The Brazilian Unified Health System, SUS-Brazil, has as its principles regarding health care: universal access at all levels of care; equality and non-discrimination; integrality; community participation; and political and administrative decentralization, regionalization, and hierarchization...
December 2016: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891726/everyday-conversation-in-dementia-a-review-of-the-literature-to-inform-research-and-practice
#9
REVIEW
Jacqueline Kindell, John Keady, Karen Sage, Ray Wilkinson
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing interest in dementia care in recent years, including how practitioners, service providers and society in general can help individuals to live well with the condition. An important aspect to this is provision of advice to ensure conversation partners effectively support the person with dementia in conversation. AIMS: To provide a descriptive review of the literature examining everyday conversation in dementia in order to inform practice and research...
November 27, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886807/a-method-for-the-assessment-of-facial-hedonic-reactions-in-newborns
#10
Caroline Ayres, Charles F Ferreira, Juliana R Bernardi, Thiago B Marcelino, Vânia N Hirakata, Clécio H da Silva, Marcelo Z Goldani
OBJECTIVE: This study describes a quantitative and qualitative methodology to assess hedonic responses to sweet stimulus in healthy newborns. METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional, observational study, with healthy newborns (up to 24h of life), between 37 and 42 gestational weeks, vaginally born and breastfed previously to all tests. The evaluation of the newborns reactions was performed by hedonic facial expression analysis, characterized by facial expressions with rhythmic serial tongue protrusion after neutral or sweet solution intake...
November 22, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884131/improvement-of-pressure-ulcer-prevention-care-in-private-for-profit-residential-care-homes-an-action-research-study
#11
Enid Wy Kwong, Maria Sy Hung, Kevin Woo
BACKGROUND: A need exits to develop a protocol for preventing pressure ulcers (PUs) in private for-profit nursing homes in Hong Kong, where the incidence of PUs is relatively high and which have high proportion of non-professional care staff. The implementation of such protocol would involve changes in the practice of care, likely evoking feelings of fear and uncertainty that may become a barrier to staff adherence. We thus adopted the Systems Model of Action Research in this study to manage the process of change for improving PU prevention care and to develop a pressure ulcer prevention protocol for private for-profit nursing homes...
November 25, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881479/barriers-and-facilitators-to-deaf-trauma-survivors-help-seeking-behavior-lessons-for-behavioral-clinical-trials-research
#12
Melissa L Anderson, Kelly S Wolf Craig, Douglas M Ziedonis
Deaf individuals experience significant obstacles to participating in behavioral health research when careful consideration is not given to accessibility during the design of study methodology. To inform such considerations, we conducted an exploratory secondary analysis of a mixed-methods study that originally explored 16 Deaf trauma survivors' help-seeking experiences. Our objective was to identify key findings and qualitative themes from consumers' own words that could be applied to the design of behavioral clinical trials methodology...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879998/patients-perceptions-of-corrective-experiences-in-naturalistically-delivered-psychotherapy
#13
Michael J Constantino, Nicholas R Morrison, Alice E Coyne, Brien J Goodwin, Gennarina D Santorelli, Lynne Angus
Corrective experiences (CEs), which suggest transformative experience(s) for the psychotherapy patient, have a rich theoretical history; yet there is little empirical information on patients' own perceptions of what gets "corrected" from therapy, and what is "corrective" (i.e., the mechanisms driving the CE). To address this gap, we investigated 14 patients' posttreatment accounts of both CE elements in the context of naturalistically delivered individual psychotherapy, using a consensual qualitative research methodology...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878937/patient-and-family-involvement-in-adult-critical-and-intensive-care-settings-a-scoping-review
#14
REVIEW
Michelle Olding, Sarah E McMillan, Scott Reeves, Madeline H Schmitt, Kathleen Puntillo, Simon Kitto
BACKGROUND: Despite international bodies calling for increased patient and family involvement, these concepts remain poorly defined within literature on critical and intensive care settings. OBJECTIVE: This scoping review investigates the extent and range of literature on patient and family involvement in critical and intensive care settings. Methodological and empirical gaps are identified, and a future agenda for research into optimizing patient and family involvement is outlined...
December 2016: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878537/a-synthesis-of-convergent-reflections-tensions-and-silences-in-linking-gender-and-global-environmental-change-research
#15
EDITORIAL
Irene Iniesta-Arandia, Federica Ravera, Stephanie Buechler, Isabel Díaz-Reviriego, María E Fernández-Giménez, Maureen G Reed, Mary Thompson-Hall, Hailey Wilmer, Lemlem Aregu, Philippa Cohen, Houria Djoudi, Sarah Lawless, Berta Martín-López, Thomas Smucker, Grace B Villamor, Elizabeth Edna Wangui
This synthesis article joins the authors of the special issue "Gender perspectives in resilience, vulnerability and adaptation to global environmental change" in a common reflective dialogue about the main contributions of their papers. In sum, here we reflect on links between gender and feminist approaches to research in adaptation and resilience in global environmental change (GEC). The main theoretical contributions of this special issue are threefold: emphasizing the relevance of power relations in feminist political ecology, bringing the livelihood and intersectionality approaches into GEC, and linking resilience theories and critical feminist research...
December 2016: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876445/a-review-of-the-use-of-a-systematic-observation-method-in-coaching-research-between-1997-and-2016
#16
Ed Cope, Mark Partington, Stephen Harvey
A systematic observation method has been one of the most popularly employed methods in coaching research. Kahan's review of this method conducted between 1975 and 1997 highlighted the key trends in this research, and offered methodological guidance for researchers wishing to use this method in their research. The purpose of this review was to provide an update of the use of a systematic observation method in coaching research and assess the extent to which the calls made by Kahan have been addressed. While in some respect this field of study has progressed (i...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874320/a-consensual-qualitative-research-analysis-of-the-experience-of-inmate-hospice-caregivers-posttraumatic-growth-while-incarcerated
#17
Rachel M Depner, Pei C Grant, David J Byrwa, Jennifer M Breier, Jennifer Lodi-Smith, Christopher W Kerr, Debra L Luczkiewicz
A growing number of correctional facilities train inmates to provide end-of-life care for dying inmates. This study explores the phenomenological perspective of inmate-caregivers participating in an inmate-facilitated hospice program (IFHP) with regard to meaning and purpose in life, attitudes on death and dying, and perceived personal impact of participation. Twenty-two inmate-caregivers were interviewed at a maximum-security state correctional facility in the United States. The interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using the Consensual Qualitative Research Methodology...
November 22, 2016: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873484/pregnant-women-s-perceptions-of-gestational-weight-gain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-research
#18
REVIEW
Meredith Vanstone, Sujane Kandasamy, Mita Giacomini, Deirdre DeJean, Sarah D McDonald
Excess gestational weight gain has numerous negative health outcomes for women and children, including high blood pressure, diabetes, and cesarean section (maternal) and high birth weight, trauma at birth, and asphyxia (infants). Excess weight gain in pregnancy is associated with a higher risk of long-term obesity in both mothers and children. Despite a concerted public health effort, the proportion of pregnant women gaining weight in excess of national guidelines continues to increase. To understand this phenomenon and offer suggestions for improving interventions, we conducted a systematic review of qualitative research on pregnant women's perceptions and experiences of weight gain in pregnancy...
November 21, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869498/an-intervention-with-meaning
#19
Brooke A Levandowski, Constance M Cass, Stephanie N Miller, Janet E Kemp, Kenneth R Conner
BACKGROUND: The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) health-care system utilizes a multilevel suicide prevention intervention that features the use of standardized safety plans with veterans considered to be at high risk for suicide. AIMS: Little is known about clinician perceptions on the value of safety planning with veterans at high risk for suicide. METHOD: Audio-recorded interviews with 29 VHA behavioral health treatment providers in a southeastern city were transcribed and analyzed using qualitative methodology...
November 21, 2016: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862186/a-systematic-review-and-qualitative-synthesis-of-adolescents-views-of-sexual-readiness
#20
REVIEW
Michelle Templeton, Maria Lohan, Carmel Kelly, Laura Lundy
AIM: The aim of this study was to synthesize the qualitative evidence investigating adolescents' views on heterosexual readiness. BACKGROUND: Adolescents' understandings of sexual readiness are often missing in research and debates on sexual health and related concepts like sexual consent. Research to date has predominantly focussed on age and socio-cultural predictors of sexual debut, thus failing to explain how adolescents themselves conceptualize their readiness for heterosexual relations...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
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