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qualitative research methodology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436583/physical-activity-and-exercise-for-chronic-pain-in-adults-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#1
REVIEW
Louise J Geneen, R Andrew Moore, Clare Clarke, Denis Martin, Lesley A Colvin, Blair H Smith
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is defined as pain lasting beyond normal tissue healing time, generally taken to be 12 weeks. It contributes to disability, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, and healthcare costs. Chronic pain has a weighted mean prevalence in adults of 20%.For many years, the treatment choice for chronic pain included recommendations for rest and inactivity. However, exercise may have specific benefits in reducing the severity of chronic pain, as well as more general benefits associated with improved overall physical and mental health, and physical functioning...
April 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434414/health-technology-assessment-of-public-health-interventions-a-synthesis-of-methodological-guidance
#2
Tim Mathes, Sunya-Lee Antoine, Peggy Prengel, Stefanie Bühn, Stephanie Polus, Dawid Pieper
OBJECTIVES: The evaluation of public health interventions poses some challenges. As a consequence, health technology assessment (HTA) methods for public health interventions (PHI) have to be adapted. This study aimed to summarize the available guidance on methods for HTA of PHI. METHODS: We systematically searched for methodological guidance on HTA of PHIs. Our focus was on research synthesis methods to evaluate effectiveness. Relevant information was synthesized narratively in a standardized way...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434393/barriers-and-strategies-related-to-qualitative-research-on-genetic-ancestry-testing-in-indigenous-communities
#3
Jessica W Blanchard, Gloria Tallbull, Chantelle Wolpert, Jill Powell, Morris W Foster, Charmaine Royal
Conducting genetics-related research with populations that have historically experienced considerable harm and little benefit from genetics research poses unique challenges for understanding community-based perceptions of new genetic technologies. This article identifies challenges and strategies for collecting qualitative data on the perceptions of direct-to-consumer (DTC) Genetic Ancestry tests (GAT) among diverse Indigenous communities. Based on a 3-year project related to perceptions, attitudes, and values associated with genetic ancestry testing among diverse Indigenous communities in Oklahoma, the engagement process revealed specific opportunities to improve the process of qualitative data collection related to GAT, and more broadly, to conduct genetics-related research with Indigenous communities in culturally and methodologically appropriate ways...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: JERHRE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433250/public-private-implementation-of-integrated-emergency-response-services-case-study-of-gvk-emergency-management-and-research-institute-in-karnataka-india
#4
Veena M Sriram, Gopalkrishna Gururaj, Adnan A Hyder
BACKGROUND: Emergency medical services are important to the functioning of health systems, but these services tend to be neglected in low- and middle-income countries, such as India. In recent years, several models of pre-hospital emergency medical services have emerged in India. Research on these models holds important lessons for existing and future emergency medical service programs in low- and middle-income countries. Our objective was to provide a comprehensive description of the organizational structure and service delivery model of a public-private partnership in the southern Indian state of Karnataka, GVK Emergency Management and Research Institute, with a particular focus on its operations in Bengaluru...
April 19, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432967/friendliness-functionality-and-freedom-design-characteristics-that-support-midwifery-practice-in-the-hospital-setting
#5
Athena Hammond, Caroline S E Homer, Maralyn Foureur
OBJECTIVE: to identify and describe the design characteristics of hospital birth rooms that support midwives and their practice. DESIGN: this study used a qualitative exploratory descriptive methodology underpinned by the theoretical approach of critical realism. Data was collected through 21 in-depth, face-to-face photo-elicitation interviews and a thematic analysis guided by study objectives and the aims of exploratory research was undertaken. SETTING: the study was set at a recently renovated tertiary hospital in a large Australian city...
April 4, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427846/vaccines-are-different-a-systematic-review-of-budget-impact-analyses-of-vaccines
#6
REVIEW
Priscilla Magalhaes Loze, Luciana Bertholim Nasciben, Ana Marli Christovam Sartori, Alexander Itria, Hillegonda Maria Dutilh Novaes, Patrícia Coelho de Soárez
INTRODUCTION: Several countries require manufacturers to present a budget impact analysis (BIA), together with a cost-effectiveness analysis, to support national funding requests. However, guidelines for conducting BIA of vaccines are scarce. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the methodological approaches used in published budget impact analysis (BIA) of vaccines, discussing specific methodological issues related to vaccines. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This systematic review of the literature on BIA of vaccines was carried out in accordance with the Centre for Reviews and Dissemination - CRD guidelines...
April 17, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426892/-i-am-still-passionate-despite-the-challenges-nurses-navigating-the-care-for-refugees
#7
Olayide Ogunsiji, Harrison Ng Chok, Gladys Mashingaidze, Lesley Wilkes
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to report the challenges faced by the nursing workforce in refugee health. BACKGROUND: Nurses are in the forefront of care provision for refugees who are recognised as one of the most vulnerable population groups in the world. The number of refugees in Australia is increasing and more nurses are needed as care providers. Research on the challenges faced by refugee health nurses is sparse. DESIGN: Qualitative research methodology was used to study the experience of refugee health nurses...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424542/why-do-psychiatric-patients-stop-antipsychotic-medication-a-systematic-review-of-reasons-for-nonadherence-to-medication-in-patients-with-serious-mental-illness
#8
REVIEW
Dawn I Velligan, Martha Sajatovic, Ainslie Hatch, Pavel Kramata, John P Docherty
BACKGROUND: Antipsychotic medication reduces the severity of serious mental illness (SMI) and improves patient outcomes only when medicines were taken as prescribed. Nonadherence to the treatment of SMI increases the risk of relapse and hospitalization and reduces the quality of life. It is necessary to understand the factors influencing nonadherence to medication in order to identify appropriate interventions. This systematic review assessed the published evidence on modifiable reasons for nonadherence to antipsychotic medication in patients with SMI...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421008/understanding-rejection-between-first-and-second-grade-elementary-students-through-reasons-expressed-by-rejecters
#9
Francisco J García Bacete, Virginia E Carrero Planes, Ghislaine Marande Perrin, Gonzalo Musitu Ochoa
Objective: The aim of this research was to obtain the views of young children regarding their reasons for rejecting a peer. Method: To achieve this goal, we conducted a qualitative study in the context of theory building research using an analysis methodology based on Grounded Theory. The collected information was extracted through semi-structured individual interviews from a sample of 853 children aged 6 from 13 urban public schools in Spain. Results: The children provided 3,009 rejection nominations and 2,934 reasons for disliking the rejected peers...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420401/using-media-to-impact-health-policy-making-an-integrative-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Lama Bou-Karroum, Fadi El-Jardali, Nour Hemadi, Yasmine Faraj, Utkarsh Ojha, Maher Shahrour, Andrea Darzi, Maha Ali, Carine Doumit, Etienne V Langlois, Jad Melki, Gladys Honein AbouHaidar, Elie A Akl
INTRODUCTION: Media interventions can potentially play a major role in influencing health policies. This integrative systematic review aimed to assess the effects of planned media interventions-including social media-on the health policy-making process. METHODS: Eligible study designs included randomized and non-randomized designs, economic studies, process evaluation studies, stakeholder analyses, qualitative methods, and case studies. We electronically searched Medline, EMBASE, Communication and Mass Media Complete, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and the WHO Global Health Library...
April 18, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418801/about-research-qualitative-methodologies
#11
Joan E Dodgson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417519/methodological-reflections-on-the-contribution-of-qualitative-research-to-the-evaluation-of-clinical-ethics-support-services
#12
Sebastian Wäscher, Sabine Salloch, Peter Ritter, Jochen Vollmann, Jan Schildmann
This article describes a process of developing, implementing and evaluating a clinical ethics support service intervention with the goal of building up a context-sensitive structure of minimal clinical-ethics in an oncology department without prior clinical ethics structure. Scholars from different disciplines have called for an improvement in the evaluation of clinical ethics support services (CESS) for different reasons over several decades. However, while a lot has been said about the concepts and methodological challenges of evaluating CESS up to the present time, relatively few empirical studies have been carried out...
May 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416022/specific-or-general-exercise-strategy-for-subacromial-impingement-syndrome-does-it-matter-a-systematic-literature-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Alison R Shire, Thor A B Stæhr, Jesper B Overby, Mathias Bastholm Dahl, Julie Sandell Jacobsen, David Høyrup Christiansen
BACKGROUND: Exercise is frequently suggested as a treatment option for patients presenting with symptoms of subacromial impingement syndrome. Some would argue implementing a specific exercise strategy with special focus on correction of kinematic deficits would be superior to general exercise strategy. There is however a lack of evidence comparing such exercise strategies to determine which is the most effective in the treatment of subacromial impingement syndrome. The aim of this review is to evaluate whether implementing specific exercise strategies involving resistive exercises are more effective than a general exercise strategy for the treatment of patients with subacromial impingement syndrome...
April 17, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415968/how-to-explore-the-needs-of-informal-caregivers-of-individuals-with-cognitive-impairment-in-alzheimer-s-disease-or-related-diseases-a-systematic-review-of-quantitative-and-qualitative-studies
#14
T Novais, V Dauphinot, P Krolak-Salmon, C Mouchoux
BACKGROUND: This study aims to review the methodologies used to identify the needs, the existing needs assessment instruments and the main topics of needs explored among caregivers of patients with mild cognitive impairment to dementia. METHODS: MEDLINE, PsycINFO, The Cochrane Library and Web of science were searched from January 1980 to January 2017. Research studies in English or French were eligible for inclusion if they fulfilled the following criteria: quantitative, qualitative and mixed method studies that used instrument, focus group or semi-structured interviews to assess the informal caregiver's needs in terms of information, coping skills, support and service...
April 17, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407140/development-and-testing-of-candidate-items-for-inclusion-in-a-new-rheumatoid-arthritis-stiffness-patient-reported-outcome-measure
#15
Serena Halls, Emma Dures, John R Kirwan, Jon Pollock, Gill Baker, Avis Edmunds, Sarah Hewlett
Objective.: To qualitatively develop and test a set of candidate items for a new RA stiffness patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) that capture the patient perspective. This is an essential first step in PROM development, prior to quantitative development, assessment and validation. Methods.: Focus groups further examined the previously developed stiffness conceptual model and explored the patient perspective regarding stiffness assessment. Data were analysed using thematic analysis...
April 11, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395605/practical-research-with-children-prior-jess-van-herwegen-jo-and-practical-research-with-children-309pp-%C3%A2-31-99-routledge-9781138937895-1138937894-formula-see-text
#16
(no author information available yet)
This book, edited by two UK-based psychologists but with contributions by education and psychology experts, has three distinct methodological sections: qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods research approaches.
April 11, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395535/the-experience-of-attempting-to-return-to-work-following-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review-of-the-qualitative-literature
#17
Gillean Hilton, Carolyn Unsworth, Gregory Murphy
PURPOSE: This review sought to answer the question "What are the barriers and facilitators influencing people's experience of return to work following spinal cord injury?" METHODS: Studies that met the selection criteria were identified, presented and critically appraised using National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidelines. Thematic synthesis was completed with studies possessing strong methodological rigor. Synthesis and interpretation involved three stages; coding of primary data; development of descriptive themes reflective of the primary data; and establishment of analytical themes to answer the review question...
April 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394078/job-satisfaction-among-swedish-mental-health-nursing-personnel-revisiting-the-two-factor-theory
#18
Christopher Holmberg, Jino Caro, Iwona Sobis
Swedish mental health-care services are experiencing a critical shortage of nursing personnel. Researchers suggest that this shortage is due to low levels of job satisfaction. Job satisfaction is frequently studied with the assistance of Herzberg's two-factor theory, and this theory has foremost been explored with studies using quantitative methods. The purpose of the present study was to provide a better understanding of Herzberg's theory in relation to job satisfaction among Swedish mental health nursing personnel within inpatient psychiatric care while using qualitative methodology...
April 10, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391656/-you-ve-got-your-own-demons-that-you-ve-got-to-fight-every-day-a-qualitative-exploration-of-how-people-respond-to-the-experience-of-psychosis
#19
Sarah Tully, Adrian Wells, Anthony P Morrison
OBJECTIVES: Cognitive models of psychosis implicate how people respond to their distressing experiences in the maintenance of such experiences. Safety-seeking behaviours, which are employed in response to a catastrophic misinterpretation of threat, are viewed as unhelpful maintenance factors. However, the concept of safety seeking was developed in relation to anxiety disorders, and there may be additional complexities that apply in relation to the experience of psychosis. The ways in which people respond to their distressing experiences of psychosis are complex, multifaceted, and changeable, and qualitative research is needed to further the understanding of this process...
April 8, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388341/qualitative-research-in-palliative-care-applications-to-clinical-trials-work
#20
Christopher T Lim, Avia Tadmor, Daisuke Fujisawa, James J MacDonald, Emily R Gallagher, Justin Eusebio, Vicki A Jackson, Jennifer S Temel, Joseph A Greer, Teresa Hagan, Elyse R Park
BACKGROUND: While vast opportunities for using qualitative methods exist within palliative care research, few studies provide practical advice for researchers and clinicians as a roadmap to identify and utilize such opportunities. OBJECTIVE: To provide palliative care clinicians and researchers descriptions of qualitative methodology applied to innovative research questions relative to palliative care research and define basic concepts in qualitative research. Body: We describe three qualitative projects as exemplars to describe major concepts in qualitative analysis of early palliative care: (1) a descriptive analysis of clinician documentation in the electronic health record, (2) a thematic content analysis of palliative care clinician focus groups, and (3) a framework analysis of audio-recorded encounters between patients and clinicians as part of a clinical trial...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
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