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qualitative research methodology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643152/the-impact-of-speed-of-play-in-gambling-on-psychological-and-behavioural-factors-a-critical-review
#1
REVIEW
Andrew Harris, Mark D Griffiths
Conceptually, there is a common association between gambling games with fast speeds of play and problem gambling. This relationship however, is largely correlational in nature, which comes at the expense of carefully controlled empirical investigation. Research that does exist aimed towards investigating the impact of gambling speeds on psychological and behavioural factors, is in its relative infancy, and the research possesses disparate methodologies and variables of interest. The aims of the current review is therefore to evaluate and summarise the existing body of evidence relating to speed of play in gambling, as well as discuss how this evidence can be used to inform harm minimisation approaches aimed at facilitating self-control during gambling...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643110/refugee-children-s-sandplay-narratives-in-immigration-detention-in-canada
#2
Rachel Kronick, Cécile Rousseau, Janet Cleveland
Asylum seeking children arriving in Canada regularly face incarceration in medium-security-style immigration detention centres. Research demonstrates the human cost of detaining migrant children and families and the psychiatric burden linked with such imprisonment. This study aims to understand the lived experiences of children aged 3-13 held in detention. Informed by a qualitative methodology of narrative inquiry, child participants created worlds in the sand and generated stories to express their subjective experience...
June 22, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639521/technology-enhanced-focus-groups-as-a-component-of-instrument-development
#3
Tania D Strout, Rachel L DiFazio, Judith A Vessey
Background Bullying is a critical public health problem and a screening tool for use in healthcare is needed. Focus groups are a common tool for generating qualitative data when developing an instrument and evidence suggests that technology-enhanced focus groups can be effective in simultaneously engaging participants from diverse settings. Aim To examine the use of technology-enhanced focus groups in generating an item pool to develop a youth-bullying screening tool. Discussion The authors explore methodological and ethical issues related to conducting technology-enhanced focus groups, drawing on their experience in developing a youth-bullying measure...
June 22, 2017: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637744/group-clinics-for-young-adults-with-diabetes-in-an-ethnically-diverse-socioeconomically-deprived-setting-together-study-protocol-for-a-realist-review-co-design-and-mixed-methods-participatory-evaluation-of-a-new-care-model
#4
Chrysanthi Papoutsi, Dougal Hargreaves, Grainne Colligan, Ann Hagell, Anita Patel, Desirée Campbell-Richards, Russell M Viner, Shanti Vijayaraghavan, Martin Marshall, Trisha Greenhalgh, Sarah Finer
INTRODUCTION: Young adults with diabetes often report dissatisfaction with care and have poor diabetes-related health outcomes. As diabetes prevalence continues to rise, group-based care could provide a sustainable alternative to traditional one-to-one consultations, by engaging young people through life stage-, context- and culturally-sensitive approaches. In this study, we will co-design and evaluate a group-based care model for young adults with diabetes and complex health and social needs in socioeconomically deprived areas...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637136/virtual-environment-navigation-with-look-around-mode-to-explore-new-real-spaces-by-people-who-are-blind
#5
Orly Lahav, Hadas Gedalevitz, Steven Battersby, David Brown, Lindsay Evett, Patrick Merritt
BACKGROUND: This paper examines the ability of people who are blind to construct a mental map and perform orientation tasks in real space by using Nintendo Wii technologies to explore virtual environments. The participant explores new spaces through haptic and auditory feedback triggered by pointing or walking in the virtual environments and later constructs a mental map, which can be used to navigate in real space. METHODS: The study included 10 participants who were congenitally or adventitiously blind, divided into experimental and control groups...
February 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635432/psychological-resilience-in-people-experiencing-schizophrenia-and-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviours
#6
Patricia Ann Gooding, Donna Littlewood, Rebecca Owen, Judith Johnson, Nick Tarrier
BACKGROUND: Negative stressors can aggravate the impact of schizophrenia. However, some people find ways of combating such stressors. There is a dearth of research examining factors which enable individuals with schizophrenia to show psychological resilience. AIMS: The goal of this study was to investigate resilience to negative stressors in people with disorders on the schizophrenia spectrum using a qualitative methodology. METHODS: Data were collected from 23 participants who had experienced schizophrenia and suicidal thoughts and behaviours...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628524/experiences-of-non-specialist-nurses-caring-for-patients-and-their-significant-others-undergoing-transitions-during-palliative-end-of-life-cancer-care-a-systematic-review
#7
Hrønn Thorn, Lisbeth Uhrenfeldt
BACKGROUND: Non-specialist nurses, who are providing palliative end-of-life cancer care to patients and significant others undergoing psychosocial and existential transitions, may experience dissatisfaction, frustration and sorrow. On the other hand, they may also experience happiness, increased knowledge and personal growth. OBJECTIVE/QUESTION: What are non-specialist nurses' experiences when providing palliative end-of-life cancer care that involves the psychosocial and existential transitions of their patients and significant others? INCLUSION CRITERIA TYPES OF PARTICIPANTS: The current review considered studies that included a description of the experiences of non-specialist trained registered nurses (RNs) working in non-specialist wards...
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628522/patient-experiences-of-partnering-with-healthcare-professionals-for-hand-hygiene-compliance-a-systematic-review
#8
Samantha Butenko, Craig Lockwood, Alexa McArthur
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections pose a significant risk to patients in acute healthcare settings such as hospitals. Increasingly, patients are encouraged to be active participants and partner with healthcare professionals to positively influence their own safety and overall experience throughout their healthcare journey. Patient-focused safety initiatives include the empowerment of patients to be active partners with healthcare professionals in order to influence the hand hygiene behaviors and compliance of the healthcare professionals providing care to them...
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628521/experiences-of-acute-pain-in-children-who-present-to-a-healthcare-facility-for-treatment-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#9
Nicole Pope, Mary Tallon, Ruth McConigley, Gavin Leslie, Sally Wilson
BACKGROUND: Pain is a universal and complex phenomenon that is personal, subjective and specific. Despite growing knowledge in pediatric pain, management of children's pain remains sub-optimal and is linked to negative behavioral and physiological consequences later in life. As there is no synthesis of these studies, it was timely to undertake a systematic review. OBJECTIVES: To identify, evaluate and synthesize the existing qualitative evidence on children's experiences of acute pain, including pain management, within a healthcare facility...
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627261/maternal-psychological-distress-and-perceived-impact-on-child-feeding-practices-in-south-kivu-dr-congo
#10
Jillian A Emerson, Wietse Tol, Laura E Caulfield, Shannon Doocy
BACKGROUND: Maternal mental health problems are associated with poor child growth and suboptimal child feeding practices, yet little qualitative research has been conducted to understand mothers' perceptions about how maternal mental ill health and child nutrition are related. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to understand maternal perceptions on sources of psychological distress, and how distress impacts functioning, especially related to childcare and feeding practices among mothers of young children in South Kivu, DR Congo...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623909/a-systematic-review-and-narrative-synthesis-of-group-self-management-interventions-for-adults-with-epilepsy
#11
Amelia Smith, Alison McKinlay, Gabriella Wojewodka, Leone Ridsdale
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a serious and costly long-term condition that negatively affects quality of life, especially if seizures persist on medication. Studies show that people with epilepsy (PWE) want to learn more about the condition and some educational self-management courses have been trialled internationally. The objectives of this review were to evaluate research and summarise results on group self-management interventions for PWE. METHODS: We searched Medline and PsycINFO for results published in English between 1995 and 2015...
June 17, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623780/preschoolers-disclosures-of-child-sexual-abuse-examining-corroborated-cases-from-swedish-courts
#12
Mikaela Magnusson, Emelie Ernberg, Sara Landström
Young victims of child sexual abuse can - for a range of developmental, motivational and contextual reasons - have difficulties disclosing their experiences. In the present study, corroborated court cases concerning 57 preschoolers' disclosures of sexual abuse were examined using qualitative and quantitative methodologies. Together, the cases involved 53 girls and 4 boys between 2-6 years (M=4.2, SD=1.2) during the (first) incident of abuse. The children were between 3-7 years (M=5.3, SD=1.2) during their police interview...
June 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621752/the-impact-of-service-dogs-on-engagement-in-occupation-among-females-with-mobility-impairments-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#13
Ellen Herlache-Pretzer, Melissa Y Winkle, Rachel Csatari, Alyssa Kolanowski, Amy Londry, Rachel Dawson
It is becoming more common for people with disabilities to procure service dogs as a form of assistive technology (AT). However, there is little qualitative research examining the impact of service dogs on engagement in valued daily activities (occupations) among persons with mobility impairments. This study used a qualitative descriptive methodology to learn about the experiences of four female service dog owners with mobility impairments, with a focus on the impact of service dog use on the performance of daily occupations and participation in social activities, and their experiences utilizing a service dog as a form of AT...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621695/learning-challenges-and-sustainable-development-a-methodological-perspective
#14
Laura Seppänen
BACKGROUND: Sustainable development requires learning, but the contents of learning are often complex and ambiguous. This requires new integrated approaches from research. It is argued that investigation of people's learning challenges in every-day work is beneficial for research on sustainable development. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the paper is to describe a research method for examining learning challenges in promoting sustainable development. This method is illustrated with a case example from organic vegetable farming in Finland...
June 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619311/treating-individuals-with-amputations-in-therapeutic-massage-and-bodywork-practice-a-qualitative-study
#15
Sarah Shue, Ania Kania-Richmond, Thalia Mulvihill, Niki Munk
INTRODUCTION: Best practices for massage therapy and bodywork (TMB) treatment of individuals with amputations are not well established. Although anecdotal observations are available, they have limited applicability for informing effective massage therapy and bodywork approaches for individuals with amputations. This study is part of a multifaceted research program seeking to establish a foundation for education and investigation of TMB for amputation related conditions/symptomology. The purpose of this study was to understand how TMB practitioners approach and treat individuals with amputations and their perceptions of outcomes...
June 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618898/a-metasynthesis-study-of-family-caregivers-transition-experiences-caring-for-community-dwelling-persons-with-advanced-cancer-at-the-end-of-life
#16
Wendy Duggleby, Jamie Tycholiz, Lorraine Holtslander, Peter Hudson, Cheryl Nekolaichuk, Mehrnoush Mirhosseini, Jasneet Parmar, Thane Chambers, Angele Alook, Jennifer Swindle
BACKGROUND: Family caregivers (broadly defined as family and friends) experience multiple concurrent transitions when caring for a person with advanced cancer. AIMS: To (a) explore the transition experience of family caregivers caring for persons with advanced cancer living in the community, (b) describe potential triggers for transitions, (c) identify what influences this experience, and (d) develop a conceptual framework of their transition experience. DESIGN: Sandelowski and Barroso's methodology for synthesizing qualitative research included (a) a comprehensive search of empirical literature, (b) quality appraisal of qualitative studies, (c) classification of studies, and (d) synthesis of the findings...
July 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618101/understanding-nurses-concerns-when-caring-for-patients-from-diverse-cultural-and-ethnic-backgrounds
#17
Kathleen Markey, Mary Tilki, Georgina Taylor
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the experiences of both student and qualified nurses of caring for patients from diverse cultural, ethnic and linguistic backgrounds, in one region of Ireland. Hearing the stories, experiences and attitudes of nurses has the potential to influence future clinical practice and has implications for nurses, nurse educators and nurse managers and leaders. BACKGROUND: There is a wealth of international literature highlighting the importance of providing culturally sensitive care...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617778/-inequalities-in-oral-health-in-italy-what-role-for-dentists
#18
Elena Spina
Due to the lack of both available data and political attention, the oral health of the popula-tion seems to be neglected at a scientific level. Actually, however, the dental sector shows strong ine-qualities in access, especially because of the economic crisis that hit most European countries, particu-larly Italy. In order to understand the impact of the organizational variables related to the supply of dental services on the inequalities, an empirical research was carried out in 2013, involving representatives of the dental profession within the 105 Italian provincial orders of physicians and dentists...
March 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617205/establishing-a-research-agenda-for-understanding-the-role-and-impact-of-mental-health-peer-specialists
#19
Matthew Chinman, D Keith McInnes, Susan Eisen, Marsha Ellison, Marianne Farkas, Moe Armstrong, Sandra G Resnick
Mental health peer specialists are individuals with serious mental illnesses who receive training to use their lived experiences to help others with serious mental illnesses in clinical settings. This Open Forum discusses the state of the research for mental health peer specialists and suggests a research agenda to advance the field. Studies have suggested that peer specialists vary widely in their roles, settings, and theoretical orientations. Theories of action have been proposed, but none have been tested...
June 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615274/detecting-organisational-innovations-leading-to-improved-icu-outcomes-a-protocol-for-a-double-blinded-national-positive-deviance-study-of-critical-care-delivery
#20
Howard Chiou, Jeffrey K Jopling, Jennifer Yang Scott, Meghan Ramsey, Kelly Vranas, Todd H Wagner, Arnold Milstein
INTRODUCTION: There is substantial variability in intensive care unit (ICU) utilisation and quality of care. However, the factors that drive this variation are poorly understood. This study uses a novel adaptation of positive deviance approach-a methodology used in public health that assumes solutions to challenges already exist within the system to detect innovations that are likely to improve intensive care. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We used the Philips eICU Research Institute database, containing 3...
June 14, 2017: BMJ Open
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