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qualitative research methodology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225922/using-participatory-learning-action-pla-research-techniques-for-inter-stakeholder-dialogue-in-primary-healthcare-an-analysis-of-stakeholders-experiences
#1
T de Brún, M O'Reilly-de Brún, E Van Weel-Baumgarten, N Burns, C Dowrick, C Lionis, C O'Donnell, F S Mair, M Papadakaki, A Saridaki, W Spiegel, C Van Weel, M Van den Muijsenbergh, A MacFarlane
Plain English summary: It is important for health care workers to know the needs and expectations of their patients. Therefore, service users have to be involved in research. To achieve a meaningful dialogue between service users, healthcare workers and researchers, participatory methods are needed. This paper describes how the application of a specific participatory methodology, Participatory Learning and Action (PLA) can lead to such a meaningful dialogue. In PLA all stakeholders are regarded as equal partners and collaborators in research...
2017: Research Involvement and Engagement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220365/a-novel-methodology-for-strengthening-human-rights-based-monitoring-in-public-health-family-planning-indicators-as-an-illustrative-example
#2
Sofia Gruskin, Laura Ferguson, Shubha Kumar, Alexandra Nicholson, Moazzam Ali, Rajat Khosla
OBJECTIVE: The last few years have seen a rise in the number of global and national initiatives that seek to incorporate human rights into public health practice. Nonetheless, a lack of clarity persists regarding the most appropriate indicators to monitor rights concerns in these efforts. The objective of this work was to develop a systematic methodology for use in determining the extent to which indicators commonly used in public health capture human rights concerns, using contraceptive services and programmes as a case study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219874/experiences-of-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-the-use-of-telecare-in-home-care-services-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#3
Cecilie Karlsen, Mette Spliid Ludvigsen, Carl Erik Moe, Kristin Haraldstad, Elin Thygesen
BACKGROUND: The aging population will lead to a rise in the number of people with age-related diseases, and increasing demand for home care services. Telecare is seen as a solution to this challenge by promoting aging in place. Nevertheless, there is still a poor understanding of older adults' experiences with the actual use of telecare. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to identify and synthesize the best available qualitative evidence of community-dwelling older adults' experience with the use of telecare in home care services...
December 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218267/radiomics-in-precision-medicine-for-lung-cancer
#4
REVIEW
Julie Constanzo, Lise Wei, Huan-Hsin Tseng, Issam El Naqa
With the improvement of external radiotherapy delivery accuracy, such as intensity-modulated and stereotactic body radiation therapy, radiation oncology has recently entered in the era of precision medicine. Despite these precise irradiation modalities, lung cancers remain one of the most aggressive human cancers worldwide, possibly because of diverse genotypic alterations that drive and maintain lung tumorigenesis. It has been long recognized that imaging could aid in the diagnosis, tumor delineation, and monitoring of lung cancer...
December 2017: Translational Lung Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215376/why-open-ended-survey-questions-are-unlikely-to-support-rigorous-qualitative-insights
#5
Kori A LaDonna, Taryn Taylor, Lorelei Lingard
Health professions education researchers are increasingly relying on a combination of quantitative and qualitative research methods to explore complex questions in the field. This important and necessary development, however, creates new methodological challenges that can affect both the rigor of the research process and the quality of the findings. One example is "qualitatively" analyzing free-text responses to survey or assessment instrument questions. In this Invited Commentary, the authors explain why analysis of such responses rarely meets the bar for rigorous qualitative research...
December 5, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211170/-environmental-influence-on-physical-disability-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#6
Filipe Athayde, Eliane Viana Mancuzo, Ricardo de Amorim Corrêa
People with physical disabilities may, in interaction with facilitators and barriers, modify their participation in society. The environment, in the panorama of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), plays a relevant role in health and in the expression of functioning. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the influence of environmental factors on physical disability, based on the theoretical framework of the ICF. A systematic review of the literature was performed based on the recommendations of the following documents: Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) and Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology Statement (STROBE)...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210501/women-s-experiences-of-seeking-and-receiving-psychological-and-psychosocial-interventions-for-postpartum-depression-a-systematic-review-and-thematic-synthesis-of-the-qualitative-literature
#7
REVIEW
Holly Hadfield, Anja Wittkowski
INTRODUCTION: Postpartum depression (PPD) is a serious maternal disorder that can have adverse effects on maternal and infant health. The importance of offering effective and acceptable treatments is well recognized, particularly given the numerous barriers women in many settings face in accessing interventions for PPD. The aim of this systematic review was to synthesize qualitative research exploring women's experiences of professional psychological and psychosocial support for PPD. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted in April 2017 by searching 5 electronic databases (CINAHL, MEDLINE, PubMed, Ovid, and Web of Science)...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205739/the-use-of-psychiatry-focused-simulation-in-undergraduate-nursing-education-a-systematic-search-and-review
#8
REVIEW
Amanda D Vandyk, Michelle Lalonde, Sabrina Merali, Erica Wright, Irmajean Bajnok, Barbara Davies
Evidence on the use of simulation to teach psychiatry and mental health (including addiction) content is emerging, yet no summary of the implementation processes or associated outcomes exists. The aim of this study was to systematically search and review empirical literature on the use of psychiatry-focused simulation in undergraduate nursing education. Objectives were to (i) assess the methodological quality of existing evidence on the use of simulation to teach mental health content to undergraduate nursing students, (ii) describe the operationalization of the simulations, and (iii) summarize the associated quantitative and qualitative outcomes...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204457/employing-a-qualitative-description-approach-in-health-care-research
#9
Carmel Bradshaw, Sandra Atkinson, Owen Doody
A qualitative description design is particularly relevant where information is required directly from those experiencing the phenomenon under investigation and where time and resources are limited. Nurses and midwives often have clinical questions suitable to a qualitative approach but little time to develop an exhaustive comprehension of qualitative methodological approaches. Qualitative description research is sometimes considered a less sophisticated approach for epistemological reasons. Another challenge when considering qualitative description design is differentiating qualitative description from other qualitative approaches...
January 2017: Global Qualitative Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204443/dissatisfaction-in-child-welfare-and-its-role-in-predicting-self-efficacy-and-satisfaction-at-work-a-mixed-method-research
#10
Sabrina Berlanda, Monica Pedrazza, Elena Trifiletti, Marta Fraizzoli
Child welfare organizations are increasingly concerned with challenges emerging from the assessment of social workers' dissatisfaction. This type of service represents the work area where social workers are at greater risk of burnout. Although several studies account for high social workers' burnout scores, they do not systematically dwell upon its sources and roots. In addition, scholars point out that a considerable number of work related issues may be perceived both as a source of dissatisfaction and satisfaction...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202772/evidence-use-in-decision-making-on-introducing-innovations-a-systematic-scoping-review-with-stakeholder-feedback
#11
REVIEW
Simon Turner, Danielle D'Lima, Emma Hudson, Stephen Morris, Jessica Sheringham, Nick Swart, Naomi J Fulop
BACKGROUND: A range of evidence informs decision-making on innovation in health care, including formal research findings, local data and professional opinion. However, cultural and organisational factors often prevent the translation of evidence for innovations into practice. In addition to the characteristics of evidence, it is known that processes at the individual level influence its impact on decision-making. Less is known about the ways in which processes at the professional, organisational and local system level shape evidence use and its role in decisions to adopt innovations...
December 4, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202313/comparing-interprofessional-and-interorganizational-collaboration-in-healthcare-a-systematic-review-of-the-qualitative-research
#12
REVIEW
Marlène Karam, Isabelle Brault, Thérèse Van Durme, Jean Macq
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional and interorganizational collaboration have become important components of a well-functioning healthcare system, all the more so given limited financial resources, aging populations, and comorbid chronic diseases. The nursing role in working alongside other healthcare professionals is critical. By their leadership, nurses can create a culture that encourages values and role models that favour collaborative work within a team context. OBJECTIVES: To clarify the specific features of conceptual frameworks of interprofessional and interorganizational collaboration in the healthcare field...
November 11, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202079/increasing-protocol-suitability-for-clinical-trials-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-mixed-methods-study
#13
Nerina Vischer, Constanze Pfeiffer, Jennifer Kealy, Christian Burri
Background: The trial protocol is the most important document for clinical trials and describes not only the design and methodology of a study, but also all practical aspects. The suitability of the protocol has a direct impact on the execution and results of the trial. However, suitability is rarely addressed in trial practice and research. The aim of our study was to investigate protocol suitability and to identify suitability-enhancing measures for trials in sub-Saharan Africa. Methods: We used an exploratory mixed methods design...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200315/psychosocial-working-conditions-as-determinants-of-asthma-self-management-at-work-a-systematic-review
#14
Katherina Heinrichs, Peter Angerer, Adrian Loerbroks
OBJECTIVE: Asthma exerts a considerable impact on patients and their employers. While adequate self-management is able to improve patients' prognosis, its actual implementation in everyday life may depend on contextual factors. We aimed to review the literature on the potential determinants of asthma self-management at the workplace. DATA SOURCES: We systematically searched Medline and PsycINFO using terms related to the key concepts of interest (i.e., adult asthma, working conditions, and self-management)...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199486/series-practical-guidance-to-qualitative-research-part-3-sampling-data-collection-and-analysis
#15
Albine Moser, Irene Korstjens
In the course of our supervisory work over the years, we have noticed that qualitative research tends to evoke a lot of questions and worries, so-called frequently asked questions (FAQs). This series of four articles intends to provide novice researchers with practical guidance for conducting high-quality qualitative research in primary care. By 'novice' we mean Master's students and junior researchers, as well as experienced quantitative researchers who are engaging in qualitative research for the first time...
December 4, 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198730/designing-a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-a-community-based-narrative-intervention-for-improving-colorectal-cancer-screening-for-african-americans
#16
Erin M Ellis, Deborah O Erwin, Lina Jandorf, Frances Saad-Harfouche, Pathu Sriphanlop, Nikia Clark, Cassandre Dauphin, Detric Johnson, Lynne B Klasko-Foster, Clarissa Martinez, Jamilia Sly, Drusilla White, Gary Winkel, Marc T Kiviniemi
OBJECTIVE: To describe the methodology of a 2-arm randomized controlled trial that compared the effects of a narrative and didactic version of the Witness CARES (Community Awareness, Reach, & Empowerment for Screening) intervention on colorectal cancer screening behavior among African Americans, as well as the cognitive and affective determinants of screening. METHODS: Witness CARES targeted cognitive and affective predictors of screening using a culturally competent, community-based, narrative or didactic communication approach...
November 30, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198290/hypnosis-intervention-effects-on-sleep-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#17
Irina Chamine, Rachel Atchley, Barry S Oken
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Sleep improvement is a promising target for preventing and modifying many health problems. Hypnosis is considered a cost-effective and safe intervention with reported benefits for multiple health conditions. There is a growing body of research assessing the efficacy of hypnosis for various health conditions in which sleep was targeted as a primary or secondary outcome. This review aimed to investigate the effects of hypnosis interventions on sleep, to describe the hypnotic procedures, and to evaluate potential adverse effects of hypnosis...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194905/mental-health-nurses-and-mental-health-peer-workers-self-perceptions-of-role-related-clinical-competences
#18
Bart Debyser, Veerle Duprez, Dimitri Beeckman, Joeri Vandewalle, Ann Van Hecke, Eddy Deproost, Sofie Verhaeghe
In a mental healthcare that embraces a recovery-oriented practice, the employment of mental health peer workers is encouraged. Although peer workers are increasingly working together with nurses, there is a lack of research that explores how nurses and peer workers perceive their role-related competences in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to clarify and understand these self-perceptions in order to identify the specificity and potential complementarity of both roles. This insight is needed to underpin a successful partnership between both vocations...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191725/bonding-in-neonatal-intensive-care-units-experiences-of-extremely-preterm-infants-mothers
#19
Isabel María Fernández Medina, José Granero-Molina, Cayetano Fernández-Sola, José Manuel Hernández-Padilla, Marcos Camacho Ávila, María Del Mar López Rodríguez
BACKGROUND: The birth of an extremely preterm infant can disrupt normal mother-infant physical contact and the care provided by the mother. This situation has an impact on the process of bonding between the mother and the child. AIM: The objective of this study was to describe and understand the experiences of mothers who have extremely preterm infants admitted in Neonatal Intensive Care Units with regard to their bonding process. METHODS: An interpretive, qualitative research methodology using Gadamer's philosophical hermeneutics was carried out...
November 27, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191216/cosumo-study-protocol-for-the-development-of-a-core-outcome-set-for-efficacy-and-effectiveness-trials-in-posterior-segment-involving-uveitis
#20
Mohammad O Tallouzi, Jonathan M Mathers, David J Moore, Philip I Murray, Nicholas Bucknall, Jane M Blazeby, Melanie Calvert, Alastair K Denniston
BACKGROUND: Uveitis, a group of disorders characterised by intraocular inflammation, causes 10-15% of total blindness in the developed world. The most sight-threatening uveitis affects the posterior segment of the eye (posterior-segment involving uveitis (PSIU)). Numerous different outcomes have been used in clinical trials evaluating alternative treatments for uveitis, limiting inter-trial comparison and aggregation of data. We aim to develop a core outcome set (COS) that would provide a standardised set of outcomes to be measured and reported in all effectiveness trials for PSIU...
December 1, 2017: Trials
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