keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

TP

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430590/treatment-of-esophageal-cancer-with-radiation-therapy-a-pan-chinese-survey-of-radiation-oncologists
#1
Yun Zhang, Jing Liu, Wencheng Zhang, Weiye Deng, Jinbo Yue
Lots of controversies were found about the treatment in relation to radiation therapy (RT) for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). We designed a questionnaire of these controversies to do a pan-Chinese survey of radiation oncologists (ROs). For operable ESCC, 53% ROs chose surgery plus postoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT), while 40% chose preoperative CRT plus surgery. For target volume of postoperative RT, most ROs (92%) would delineate tumor bed plus involved lymph nodes region before surgery. For definitive RT, most ROs (81%) would give patients higher RT dose to 60-65Gy...
April 5, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429044/-68-ga-dotatate-pet-ct-in-recurrent-medullary-thyroid-carcinoma-a-lesion-by-lesion-comparison-with-111-in-octreotide-spect-ct-and-conventional-imaging
#2
Lilian Yuri Itaya Yamaga, Marcelo L Cunha, Guilherme C Campos Neto, Marcio R T Garcia, Ji H Yang, Cleber P Camacho, Jairo Wagner, Marcelo B G Funari
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to prospectively compare the detection rate of (68)Ga-DOTATATE PET-CT with (111)In-octreotide SPECT-CT and conventional imaging (CI) in medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) patients with increased calcitonin (Ctn) levels but negative CI after thyroidectomy. METHODS: Fifteen patients with raised Ctn levels and/or CI evidence of recurrence underwent (68)Ga-DOTATATE PET-CT, (111)In-octreotide SPECT-CT and CI. Histopathology, CI and biochemical/clinical/imaging follow-up were used as the reference standard...
April 20, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422770/technical-alterations-during-an-incremental-field-test-in-elite-male-tennis-players
#3
Cyril Brechbuhl, Olivier Girard, Grégoire P Millet, Laurent Schmitt
PURPOSE: We investigated technical and physiological responses along with their relationships during an incremental field test to exhaustion specific to tennis (TEST) in elite players. METHODS: Twenty male elite tennis players completed TEST, which consisted of hitting alternatively forehand and backhand strokes at increasing ball frequency (ball machine) every minute. Ball accuracy (BA), ball velocity (BV) and tennis performance index (TP = BA x BV) were determined by radar and video analysis for each stroke, in addition to cardiorespiratory responses and blood lactate concentrations...
April 19, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420762/resting-heart-rate-variability-and-exercise-capacity-in-type-1-diabetes
#4
Luke C Wilson, Karen C Peebles, Neil A Hoye, Patrick Manning, Catherine Sheat, Michael J A Williams, Gerard T Wilkins, Genevieve A Wilson, James C Baldi
People with type 1 diabetes (T1D) have lower exercise capacity (V̇O2max) than their age-matched nondiabetic counterparts (CON), which might be related to cardiac autonomic dysfunction. We examined whether Heart Rate Variability (HRV; indicator of cardiac autonomic modulation) was associated with exercise capacity in those with and without T1D. Twenty-three participants with uncomplicated T1D and 17 matched CON were recruited. Heart rate (HR; ECG), blood pressure (BP; finger photo-plethysmography), and respiratory rate (respiratory belt) were measured during baseline, paced-breathing and clinical autonomic reflex tests (CARTs); deep breathing, lying-to-stand, and Valsalva maneuver...
April 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419163/response-of-microbial-community-of-organic-matter-impoverished-arable-soil-to-long-term-application-of-soil-conditioner-derived-from-dynamic-rapid-fermentation-of-food-waste
#5
Jiaqi Hou, Mingxiao Li, Xuhui Mao, Yan Hao, Jie Ding, Dongming Liu, Beidou Xi, Hongliang Liu
Rapid fermentation of food waste can be used to prepare soil conditioner. This process consumes less time and is more cost-effective than traditional preparation technology. However, the succession of the soil microbial community structure after long-term application of rapid fermentation-derived soil conditioners remains unclear. Herein, dynamic rapid fermentation (DRF) of food waste was performed to develop a soil conditioner and the successions and diversity of bacterial communities in an organic-matter-impoverished arable soil after six years of application of DRF-derived soil conditioner were investigated...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417281/historical-record-of-anthropogenic-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-in-a-lake-sediment-from-the-southern-tibetan-plateau
#6
Ruiqiang Yang, Ruichen Zhou, Ting Xie, Chuanyong Jing
High-altitude lake sediments can be used as natural archives to reconstruct the history of pollutants. In this work, the temporal distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) was determined in a sediment core collected from the southern Tibetan Plateau (TP), which was dated by using the (210)Pb dating method and validated with the (137)Cs fallout peak. The concentrations of the anthropogenic PAHs (Σ8PAH) in the sediment core ranged from 0.83 to 12 ng/g dw, and the fluxes of the Σ8PAH were in the range of 2...
April 17, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415745/comparative-study-of-cisplatin-based-definitive-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-with-s-1-versus-paclitaxel-for-unresectable-locally-advanced-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#7
Min Fang, Tao Song, Xiaodong Liang, Shiliang Lv, Jianbo Li, Hong'en Xu, Limin Luo, Yongshi Jia
This study compared the efficiency and safety of definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) using Paclitaxel plus Cisplatin (TP) versus S-1 plus Cisplatin (CS) in unresectable locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (LAESCC). Between January 2009 and December 2013, 203 LAESCC patients were retrospectively reviewed. We performed a propensity score matching analysis; 41 patients treated with the CS regimen were matched 1:1 to patients who received the TP regimen. Patient- and disease-related characteristics were well-balanced between the two groups...
March 14, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415658/diagnostic-and-prognostic-value-of-blood-samples-for-kras-mutation-identification-in-lung-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Hongchang Shen, Keying Che, Lei Cong, Wei Dong, Tiehong Zhang, Qi Liu, Jiajun Du
Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) and tumor cells (CTC) are novel approaches for identifying genomic alterations. Thus, we designed a meta-analysis to evaluate the diagnostic value and prognostic significance of a KRAS proto-oncogene, GTPase (KRAS) mutation for lung cancer patients. All included articles were from PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and Cochrane Library. Twelve articles that described 1,131 patients were reviewed. True positives (TP), false positives (FP), true negatives (TN), and false negatives (FN) were used to calculate pooled sensitivity, specificity, the positive likelihood ratio (PLR), the negative likelihood ratio (NLR), a diagnostic odds ratio (DOR), the area under the curve (AUC) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (95% CI)...
March 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415167/there-is-no-advantage-to-transpapillary-pancreatic-duct-stenting-for-the-transmural-endoscopic-drainage-of-pancreatic-fluid-collections-a-meta-analysis
#9
Sunil Amin, Dennis J Yang, Aimee L Lucas, Susana Gonzalez, Christopher J DiMaio
Background/Aims: Options for the endoscopic management of symptomatic pancreatic fluid collections (PFCs) include transmural drainage (TM) alone, transpapillary drainage (TP) alone, or a combination of both drainage method (CD). There have been conflicting reports about the best method. This study performed a meta-analysis to determine whether CD presents an added clinical benefit over TM. Methods: The included studies compared TM with CD and reported clinical success for both methods...
April 17, 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415067/effect-of-whey-protein-in-conjunction-with-a-caloric-restricted-diet-and-resistance-training
#10
Wesley D Dudgeon, Elizabeth P Kelley, Timothy P Scheett
Dudgeon, WD, Kelley, EP, and Scheett, TP. Effect of whey protein in conjunction with a caloric-restricted diet and resistance training. J Strength Cond Res 31(5): 1353-1361, 2017-Caloric-restricted weight loss, especially rapid weight loss, results from a decrease in both lean and fat mass (FM). The goal for many is to lose FM while retaining lean body mass (LBM) and muscular performance thus many turn to supplements. Sixteen resistance-trained men (24 ± 1.6 years of age) completed a 4 d·wk body building style split resistance training program for 8 weeks in conjunction with a pre-exercise, periexercise, and postexercise ingestion of whey protein (WHEY) nutritional supplement or carbohydrate (CON)-based nutritional supplement...
May 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415065/acute-effect-of-biomechanical-muscle-stimulation-on-the-counter-movement-vertical-jump-power-and-velocity-in-division-i-football-players
#11
Bert H Jacobson, Taylor P Monaghan, John H Sellers, Eric C Conchola, Zach K Pope, Rob G Glass
Jacobson, BH, Monaghan, TP, Sellers, JH, Conchola, EC, Pope, ZK, and Glass, RG. Acute effect of biomechanical muscle stimulation on the counter-movement vertical jump power and velocity in division I football players. J Strength Cond Res 31(5): 1259-1264, 2017-Research regarding whole body vibration (WBV) largely supports such training augmentation in attempts to increase muscle strength and power. However, localized biomechanical vibration has not received the same attention. The purpose of this study was to assess peak and average power before and after acute vibration of selected lower-body sites in division I athletes...
May 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414955/influence-of-relaxation-modes-on-membrane-fouling-in-submerged-membrane-bioreactor-for-domestic-wastewater-treatment
#12
Rasikh Habib, Muhammad Bilal Asif, Sidra Iftekhar, Zahiruddin Khan, Khum Gurung, Varsha Srivastava, Mika Sillanpää
Relaxation and backwashing have become an integral part of membrane bioreactor (MBR) operations for fouling control. This study was carried out on real municipal wastewater to evaluate the influence of different operational strategies on membrane fouling at equivalent water yield. Four relaxation modes (MBR10+0, MBR10+1, MBR10+1.5 and MBR10+2) were tested to analyze membrane fouling behavior. For the optimization of relaxation modes, fouling rate in terms of trans-membrane pressure, hydraulic resistances and characteristics of fouling fractions were analyzed...
April 12, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414951/development-of-a-two-photon-fluorescent-turn-on-probe-with-far-red-emission-for-thiophenols-and-its-bioimaging-application-in-living-tissues
#13
Huiming Shang, Hua Chen, Yonghe Tang, Yanyan Ma, Weiying Lin
Thiophenol is a highly toxic compound which is essential in the field of organic synthesis and drug design. However, the accumulation of thiophenols in the environment may cause serious health problems for human bodies ultimately. Therefore, it is critical to develop efficient methods for visualization of thiophenol species in biological samples. In this work, an innovative two-photon fluorescent turn-on probe FR-TP with far-red emission for thiophenols based on FR-NH2 fluorophore and 2,4-dinitrophenylsulfonyl recognition site was reported...
April 14, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414431/mononuclear-sulfido-tungsten-v-complexes-completing-the-tp-mexy-m-mo-w-e-o-s-series
#14
Stephen Sproules, Aston A Eagle, Graham N George, Jonathan M White, Charles G Young
Orange Tp*WSCl2 has been synthesized from the reactions of Tp*WOCl2 with boron sulfide in refluxing toluene or Tp*WS2Cl with PPh3 in dichloromethane at room temperature. Mononuclear sulfido-tungsten(V) complexes, Tp*WSXY {X = Y = Cl, OPh, SPh, SePh; X = Cl, Y = OPh; XY = toluene-3,4-dithiolate (tdt), quinoxaline-2,3-dithiolate (qdt); and Tp* = hydrotris(3,5-dimethylpyrazol-1-yl)borate} were prepared by metathesis of Tp*WSCl2 with the respective alkali metal salt of X(-)/XY(2-), or [NHEt3]2(qdt). The complexes were characterized by microanalysis, mass spectrometry, electrochemistry, and infrared (IR), electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and electronic absorption spectroscopies...
April 17, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412354/role-of-gpr30-in-estrogen-induced-prostate-epithelial-apoptosis-and-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#15
Deng-Liang Yang, Jia-Wen Xu, Jianguo Zhu, Yi-Lin Zhang, Jian-Bang Xu, Qing Sun, Xiao-Nian Cao, Wu-Lin Zuo, Ruo-Shui Xu, Jiehong Huang, Fu-Neng Jiang, Yang-Jia Zhuo, Bai-Quan Xiao, Yun-Zhong Liu, Dongbo Yuan, Zhaolin Sun, Hui-Chan He, Zhao-Rong Lun, Wei-De Zhong, Wen-Liang Zhou
Several studies have implicated estrogen and the estrogen receptor (ER) in the pathogenesis of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH); however, the mechanism underlying this effect remains elusive. In the present study, we demonstrated that estrogen (17β-estradiol, or E2)-induced activation of the G protein-coupled receptor 30 (GPR30) triggered Ca(2+) release from the endoplasmic reticulum, increased the mitochondrial Ca(2+) concentration, and thus induced prostate epithelial cell (PEC) apoptosis. Both E2 and the GPR30-specific agonist G1 induced a transient intracellular Ca(2+) release in PECs via the phospholipase C (PLC)-inositol 1, 4, 5-triphosphate (IP3) pathway, and this was abolished by treatment with the GPR30 antagonist G15...
April 12, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412042/targeting-the-prostacyclin-pathway-beyond-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#16
REVIEW
Hélène Pluchart, Charles Khouri, Sophie Blaise, Matthieu Roustit, Jean-Luc Cracowski
Pioneering work demonstrated that an unstable substance isolated from rabbit and pig aortas could relax arterial smooth muscle and inhibit platelet aggregation. Since then, prostacyclin (prostaglandin I2, PGI2) and its analogs have raised much pharmacological interest. In this review we detail how the PGI2 signaling pathway is much more complex than was initially anticipated, involving peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs), prostaglandin transporters (PGTs), and PGI2-thromboxane A2 (TXA2) receptor (IP TP) heterodimerization...
April 12, 2017: Trends in Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410691/quantification-of-the-uncertainties-of-a-biological-model-and-their-impact-on-variable-rbe-proton-treatment-plan-optimization
#17
A F Resch, G Landry, F Kamp, G Cabal, C Belka, J J Wilkens, K Parodi, G Dedes
PURPOSE: In proton radiation therapy, a relative biological effectiveness (RBE) equal to 1.1 is currently assumed, although biological experiments show that it is not constant. The purpose of this study was to quantify the uncertainties of a published biological model and explore their impact on variable RBE treatment plan (TP) optimization. METHODS: Two patient cases with a high and a low (α/β)x tumor were investigated. Firstly, intensity modulated proton therapy TPs assuming constant RBE were derived, and subsequently the variable RBE weighted dose (RWD), including the uncertainty originating in the fit to the experimental data and the uncertainty of the (α/β)x, were calculated...
April 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409429/multivariate-statistical-assessment-of-a-polluted-river-under-nitrification-inhibition-in-the-tropics
#18
Thi Thu Huyen Le, Stephanie Zeunert, Malte Lorenz, Günter Meon
A large complex water quality data set of a polluted river, the Tay Ninh River, was evaluated to identify its water quality problems, to assess spatial variation, to determine the main pollution sources, and to detect relationships between parameters. This river is highly polluted with organic substances, nutrients, and total iron. An important problem of the river is the inhibition of the nitrification. For the evaluation, different statistical techniques including cluster analysis (CA), discriminant analysis (DA), and principal component analysis (PCA) were applied...
April 13, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409385/the-effect-of-dietary-folic-acid-on-biochemical-parameters-and-gene-expression-of-three-heat-shock-proteins-hsps-of-blunt-snout-bream-megalobrama-amblycephala-fingerling-under-acute-high-temperature-stress
#19
Daniella Fatmata Sesay, Habte-Michael Habte-Tsion, Qunlan Zhou, Mingchun Ren, Jun Xie, Bo Liu, Ruli Chen, Liangkun Pan
The effects of dietary folic acid on biochemical parameters and gene expression of three heat shock proteins (HSPs) of blunt snout bream (Megalobrama amblycephala) fingerling under acute high temperature stress. Six dietary folic acid groups (0.0, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 5.0, and 10.0) mg/kg diets were designed and assigned into 18 tanks in three replicates each (300 l/tank) and were administered for 10 weeks in a re-circulated water system. The fingerlings with an initial weight of 27.0 ± 0.03 g were fed with their respective diets four times daily...
April 13, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407963/an-improved-method-for-extraction-of-nutraceutically-important-polyphenolics-from-berberis-jaeschkeana-c-k-schneid-fruits
#20
Tarun Belwal, Lalit Giri, Indra D Bhatt, Ranbeer S Rawal, Veena Pande
Berberis jaeschkeana fruits, source of nutraceutically important polyphenolics were investigated. A total of 32 experimental run were conducted under Plackett-Burman and central composite design. Microwave power, methanol and HCl concentration significantly (p<0.05) affect extraction of polyphenols under linear, quadratic and interactive effect. The model showed good fitness with significant (p<0.05) model F-value and a non-significant lack of fit. Under optimum microwave assisted extraction (MAE) condition the total phenolics, flavonoids, tannins and antioxidant activity were in closed context with predicted values...
September 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
keyword
keyword
7856
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"