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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454176/efficacy-of-intensive-voice-feminisation-therapy-in-a-transgender-young-offender
#1
Sterling Quinn, Nathaniel Swain
Research suggests that transgender young offenders are a uniquely vulnerable caseload that may benefit from speech pathology intervention to help bring their voice into alignment with their gender identity. However, no previous studies have investigated treatment efficacy in this population. This study investigated the impact of intensive voice feminisation therapy targeting fundamental frequency and oral resonance in a 17 year old transgender individual within a youth justice institution. Acoustic analysis, listener and self-ratings of vocal femininity, self-ratings of vocal satisfaction, a post-treatment structured interview, and pre- and post- treatment completion of the Transsexual Voice Questionnaire (TVQ MtF ) were utilised to determine treatment impact...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453781/commemoration-in-crisis-a-discursive-analysis-of-who-we-and-they-have-been-or-become-in-ceremonial-political-speeches-before-and-during-the-greek-financial-downturn
#2
Theofilos Gkinopoulos, Peter Hegarty
This study analyses the discourse of statements of the leaders of two Greek political parties commemorating the restoration of Greek democracy on 24 July 1974; the ruling party New Democracy and the opposition, Coalition of the Radical Left. We focus on how these leaders act as entrepreneurs of their identities by constructing their ingroups in broad or narrow terms and their outgroups in vague or specific terms. These constructions were ventured during a period of relative political stability (2008) and instability (2012), and we focus on how ingroup prototypes and group boundaries are narrated across Greece's past, present and future in ambiguous or concrete terms...
February 17, 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453778/-i-m-happy-to-own-my-implicit-biases-public-encounters-with-the-implicit-association-test
#3
Jeffery Yen, Kevin Durrheim, Romin W Tafarodi
The implicit association test (IAT) and concept of implicit bias have significantly influenced the scientific, institutional, and public discourse on racial prejudice. In spite of this, there has been little investigation of how ordinary people make sense of the IAT and the bias it claims to measure. This article examines the public understanding of this research through a discourse analysis of reactions to the IAT and implicit bias in the news media. It demonstrates the ways in which readers interpreted, related to, and negotiated the claims of IAT science in relation to socially shared and historically embedded concerns and identities...
February 16, 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452057/use-of-twitter-to-assess-viewer-reactions-to-the-medical-drama-code-black
#4
Beth L Hoffman, Erica L Rosenthal, Jason B Colditz, Ryan Mcgarry, Brian A Primack
Fictional medical television programs are popular with viewers and have been shown to influence health-related outcomes. We sought to systematically analyze real-time viewer discourse on Twitter related to the new medical drama, Code Black. We retrieved all Twitter posts (tweets) and metadata around the time of the airing of Code Black for four consecutive weeks. We developed a codebook using both content assessment of Twitter messages (tweets) and theory-based variables used in entertainment education analyses...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435732/a-discursive-review-of-the-textual-use-of-trapped-in-environmental-migration-studies-the-conceptual-birth-and-troubled-teenage-years-of-trapped-populations
#5
REVIEW
Sonja Ayeb-Karlsson, Christopher D Smith, Dominic Kniveton
First mooted in 2011, the concept of Trapped Populations referring to people unable to move from environmentally high-risk areas broadened the study of human responses to environmental change. While a seemingly straightforward concept, the underlying discourses around the reasons for being 'trapped', and the language describing the concept have profound influences on the way in which policy and practice approaches the needs of populations at risk from environmental stresses and shocks. In this article, we apply a Critical Discourse Analysis to the academic literature on the subject to reveal some of the assumptions implicit within discussing 'trapped' populations...
February 12, 2018: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412396/-the-death-of-ivan-ilyich-and-multiple-dimensions-of-illness
#6
Paulo Cesar Alves
The short story "The Death of Ivan Ilyich" (1886), Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910) provides key elements for a reflection on the meaning of long-term illness. Based on Tolstoy's short story the present paper analyzes the multiple dimensions of the process of illness. It starts with the argument that illness is not an a priori totality, but a trajectory of associations between the sick person, the doctor, family members, friends and caregivers. Acting, being affected, thinking and feeling all come together in the development of these associations...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412309/-intersexuality-between-knowledge-and-interventions
#7
Paula Gaudenzi
This study proposes to reflect on the links between knowledge production and its daily effects on the field of sexuality, based on intersexuality as a contemporary issue. Intersexuality is an interesting object of analysis for such reflection, since it allows exploring the interfaces between knowledge production on sexuality, power relations between professionals, intersex persons, and their families, use of embodiment technologies, conceptions of the normal and natural body, formation of subjectivities, and the shaping of a new social, political, and moral order heavily associated with subjects' biological constitution...
February 5, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409470/identifying-the-social-and-environmental-determinants-of-plague-endemicity-in-peru-insights-from-a-case-study-in-ascope-la-libertad
#8
Ana Rivière-Cinnamond, Alain Santandreu, Anita Luján, Frederic Mertens, John Omar Espinoza, Yesenia Carpio, Johnny Bravo, Jean-Marc Gabastou
BACKGROUND: Plague remains a public health problem in specific areas located in Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador and Peru. Its prevention and control encompasses adequate clinical management and timely laboratory diagnosis. However, understanding communities' interaction with its surrounding ecosystem as well as the differences between community members and institutional stakeholders regarding the root causes of plague might contribute to understand its endemicity. We aim at bridging the traditionally separate biological and social sciences by elucidating communities' risk perception and identifying knowledge gaps between communities and stakeholders...
February 6, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404640/-oxytocin-from-a%C3%A2-hormone-for-birth-to-a%C3%A2-social-hormone-the-hormonal-governance-of-sociability-aka-society
#9
Xenia Steinbach, Sabine Maasen
In the mass media, the hormone Oxytocin is currently being debated as the biochemical basis of sociability and a powerful neuropharmacological solution for (re-)establishing societal cohesion. Given its beginning as a 'bodyhormone' early in the 20th century, this article will trace the extraordinary career of Oxytocin from a regulator of birth to a regulator of society. What makes so strong a claim intelligible and acceptable? Our analysis of the scientific discourse on Oxytocin (1906-1990), the mass media discourse since the 1990s, and its repercussions for the scientific discourse during the same period, suggest a series of re-configurations of scientific theories and practices, as well as of the conception of the substance itself...
February 5, 2018: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402114/crime-and-madness-at-the-opposite-shores-of-the-adriatic-moral-insanity-in-italian-and-croatian-psychiatric-discourses
#10
Vanni D'Alessio, Filip Čeč, Heike Karge
In the 19th century, fervid debates arose in the young psychiatric science about how to deal with and to scientifically categorize human behaviour which was perceived as dangerous to society, and as criminal. There were two concepts that stood out in these transnationally held discussions; namely moral insanity and later on, psychopathy. Following recent approaches in the cultural and social history of psychiatry, we understand moral insanity and psychopathy as social constructs, which are determined by the evolution in psychiatric knowledge, and also by laws, codes and social norms of particular historical timeframes...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401223/global-tobacco-control-and-economic-norms-an-analysis-of-normative-commitments-in-kenya-malawi-and-zambia
#11
Raphael Lencucha, Srikanth K Reddy, Ronald Labonte, Jeffrey Drope, Peter Magati, Fastone Goma, Richard Zulu, Donald Makoka
Tobacco control norms have gained momentum over the past decade. To date 43 of 47 Sub-Saharan African countries are party to the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). The near universal adoption of the FCTC illustrates the increasing strength of these norms, although the level of commitment to implement the provisions varies widely. However, tobacco control is enmeshed in a web of international norms that has bearing on how governments implement and strengthen tobacco control measures. Given that economic arguments in favor of tobacco production remain a prominent barrier to tobacco control efforts, there is a continued need to examine how economic sectors frame and mobilize their policy commitments to tobacco production...
February 1, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398203/typology-of-drug-use-in-united-kingdom-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-associations-with-socio-sexual-characteristics
#12
G J Melendez-Torres, Adam Bourne, David Reid, Ford Hickson, Chris Bonell, Peter Weatherburn
BACKGROUND: Analysis of specific drug use patterns in men who have sex with men (MSM) is important in targeting HIV prevention and harm reduction interventions and in developing a fuller picture of drug use in context beyond consideration of use of specific drugs in isolation. OBJECTIVES: We sought to develop a typology of recent drug use in MSM, and to explore how distribution of MSM across the classes in this typology differs by socio-sexual characteristics. METHODS: We examined last-year drug use reported by 16,814 MSM as part of a cross-sectional, internet-based survey of MSM living in the UK for which data were collected in late summer 2014...
February 2, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395240/using-epistemic-network-analysis-to-identify-targets-for-educational-interventions-in-trauma-team-communication
#13
Sarah Sullivan, Charles Warner-Hillard, Brendan Eagan, Ryan J Thompson, A R Ruis, Krista Haines, Carla M Pugh, David Williamson Shaffer, Hee Soo Jung
BACKGROUND: Epistemic Network Analysis (ENA) is a technique for modeling and comparing the structure of connections between elements in coded data. We hypothesized that connections among team discourse elements as modeled by ENA would predict the quality of team performance in trauma simulation. METHODS: The Modified Non-technical Skills Scale for Trauma (T-NOTECHS) was used to score a simulation-based trauma team resuscitation. Sixteen teams of 5 trainees participated...
February 1, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389926/treaty-of-waitangi-in-new-zealand-public-health-strategies-and-plans-2006-2016
#14
Heather Came, Rhonda Cornes, Tim McCreanor
AIM: This study examines how public health policy in New Zealand has represented the Treaty of Waitangi (the English version) and te Tiriti o Waitangi (the Māori text) between 2006 to 2016. METHOD: A dataset of 49 public health strategies and plans, published between 2006 and 2016, were secured from the New Zealand Ministry of Health database. A thematic analysis using Braun and Clarke's process was undertaken and then the findings were reviewed against the Māori text of te Tiriti...
February 2, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386663/interpretations-of-autonomous-decision-making-in-antenatal-genetic-screening-among-women-in-china-hong-kong-and-pakistan
#15
Shenaz Ahmed, Huso Yi, Dong Dong, Jianfeng Zhu, Hussain Jafri, Yasmin Rashid, Olivia My Ngan, Mushtaq Ahmed
The concept of informed choice for antenatal screening consists of Western ideologies, encapsulating individualistic approaches, and may be valued differently by people from countries with more collectivist cultures. This study aimed to explore perceptions of informed choice in antenatal screening in women from China, Hong Kong and Pakistan. A Q-methodology study was conducted during June 2016 to February 2017, in China (Shanghai and Duyun), Hong Kong and Pakistan (Lahore). A total of 299 women rank ordered 41 statements...
January 31, 2018: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382386/how-dislocation-and-professional-anxiety-influence-readiness-for-change-during-the-implementation-of-hospital-based-home-care-for-children-newly-diagnosed-with-diabetes-an-ethnographic-analysis-of-the-logic-of-workplace-change
#16
Gabriella Nilsson, Kristofer Hansson, Irén Tiberg, Inger Hallström
BACKGROUND: In 2013-14, the evidence based care model Hospital-based Home Care for children newly diagnosed with diabetes was implemented at a large paediatric diabetes care facility in the south of Sweden. The first step of the implementation was to promote readiness for change among the professionals within the diabetes team through regular meetings. The aim was to analyse the implicit facilitators and barriers evident on a cultural micro level in discussions during the course of these meetings...
January 30, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381154/pursuing-improvement-in-clinical-reasoning-the-integrated-clinical-education-theory
#17
Mary Ann Jessee
BACKGROUND: The link between clinical education and development of clinical reasoning is not well supported by one theoretical perspective. Learning to reason during clinical education may be best achieved in a supportive sociocultural context of nursing practice that maximizes reasoning opportunities and facilitates discourse and meaningful feedback. Prelicensure clinical education seldom incorporates these critical components and thus may fail to directly promote clinical reasoning skill...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376408/constructing-narratives-to-describe-video-events-using-aided-communication
#18
Martine M Smith, Beata Batorowicz, Annika Dahlgren Sandberg, Janice Murray, Kristine Stadskleiv, Hans van Balkom, Kirsi Neuvonen, Stephen von Tetzchner
Narratives are a pervasive form of discourse and a rich source for exploring a range of language and cognitive skills. The limited research base to date suggests that narratives generated using aided communication may be structurally simple, and that features of cohesion and reference may be lacking. This study reports on the analysis of narratives generated in interactions involving aided communication in response to short, silent, video vignettes depicting events with unintended or unexpected consequences...
January 29, 2018: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368117/beyond-v40-31-narrative-phenomenology-of-wandering-in-autism-and-dementia
#19
Olga Solomon, Mary C Lawlor
Research on autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and on Alzheimer's Disease (AD) and other types of dementia describes a behaviour called 'wandering', a term that denotes movement through space lacking intention or exact destination, as when a person is disoriented or not self-aware. In the U.S., 'wandering' in both ASD and AD has been examined mostly from a management and prevention perspective. It prioritizes safety while primarily overlooking personal experiences of those who 'wander' and their families, thus limiting the range of potentially effective strategies to address this issue...
January 24, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368073/-aspirations-of-people-who-come-from-state-education-are-different-how-language-reflects-social-exclusion-in-medical-education
#20
Jennifer Cleland, Tania Fahey Palma
Despite repeated calls for change, the problem of widening access (WA) to medicine persists globally. One factor which may be operating to maintain social exclusion is the language used in representing WA applicants and students by the gatekeepers and representatives of medical schools, Admissions Deans. We therefore examined the institutional discourse of UK Medical Admissions Deans in order to determine how values regarding WA are communicated and presented in this context. We conducted a linguistic analysis of qualitative interviews with Admissions Deans and/or Staff from 24 of 32 UK medical schools...
January 24, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
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