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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343209/terminological-collocations-in-medical-latin-and-english-a-comparative-study
#1
Olena M Bieliaieva, Yuliia V Lysanets, Ivanna V Znamenska, Inesa V Rozhenko, Nataliia M Nikolaieva
INTRODUCTION: The present paper examines the linguistic status of terminological collocations in medical Latin and English, discusses the most productive term-formation models and ways of Latin-English translation. AIM: The authors aim to provide the comparative analysis of Latin and English terminological collocations and suggest their classification in terms of the idiomaticity level and semantic valency. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The research is based on the corpus of terminological collocations in Latin and English medical discourse using structural, etymological, typological, comparative methods, as well as the method of semantic analysis and conceptual metaphor theory...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339419/the-im-possibilities-of-returning-to-work-after-a-stroke
#2
Maria Norstedt
BACKGROUND: What a stroke means for working-age persons has not been sufficiently studied from a sociological perspective. OBJECTIVE: This article uses the empirical material of a larger study to describe and analyze how institutional practices and discourses influence attempts to return to work after a stroke. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten persons who have had a stroke and ten civil servants and professionals from the Swedish Public Employment Service, the Social Insurance Agency, and different health care institutions...
March 23, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339341/the-diffusion-of-evidence-based-practice-reviewing-the-evidence-based-practice-networks-in-the-united-states-and-german-speaking-countries
#3
Christian Ghanem, Thomas R Lawson, Sabine Pankofer, Markos Maragkos, Ingo Kollar
Evidence-based practice (EBP) has had a major influence on U.S. social work while it has rarely been adapted in German-speaking countries. This study investigates how knowledge about EBP is diffused within and across geographical contexts. Network analysis methods reveals different diffusion patterns and provide reasons for these differences. For example, the U.S. discourse is self-contained and based on a more homogeneous knowledge base, while the German discourse is more heterogeneous and focuses on a notion of reflexive professionalism...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329799/a-theory-of-relational-ageism-a-discourse-analysis-of-the-2015-white-house-conference-on-aging
#4
Tracey L Gendron, Jennifer Inker, Elizabeth Ayn Welleford
Purpose: The widespread use of ageist language is generally accepted as commonplace and routine in most cultures and settings. In order to disrupt ageism, we must examine the use of ageist language and sentiments among those on the front line of providing advocacy, services, and policy for older adults; the professional culture of the aging services network. The recorded video segments from the sixth White House Conference on Aging (WHCOA) provided a unique opportunity to examine discourse used by professionals and appointed representatives in the field of aging within a professional sociocultural context...
January 24, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328964/the-acute-mania-of-king-george-iii-a-computational-linguistic-analysis
#5
Vassiliki Rentoumi, Timothy Peters, Jonathan Conlin, Peter Garrard
We used a computational linguistic approach, exploiting machine learning techniques, to examine the letters written by King George III during mentally healthy and apparently mentally ill periods of his life. The aims of the study were: first, to establish the existence of alterations in the King's written language at the onset of his first manic episode; and secondly to identify salient sources of variation contributing to the changes. Effects on language were sought in two control conditions (politically stressful vs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326986/the-role-of-predictability-in-intonational-variability
#6
Rory Turnbull
Predictability is known to affect many properties of speech production. In particular, it has been observed that highly predictable elements (words, syllables) are produced with less phonetic prominence (shorter duration, less peripheral vowels) than less predictable elements. This tendency has been proposed to be a general property of language. This paper examines whether predictability is correlated with fundamental frequency (F0) production, through analysis of experimental corpora of American English. Predictability was variously defined as discourse mention, utterance probability, and semantic focus...
March 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321856/automation-is-it-really-different-this-time
#7
REVIEW
Judy Wajcman
This review examines several recent books that deal with the impact of automation and robotics on the future of jobs. Most books in this genre predict that the current phase of digital technology will create massive job loss in an unprecedented way, that is, that this wave of automation is different from previous waves. Uniquely digital technology is said to automate professional occupations for the first time. This review critically examines these claims, puncturing some of the hyperbole about automation, robotics and Artificial Intelligence...
March 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317468/the-global-mental-health-movement-and-its-impact-on-traditional-healing-in-india-a-case-study-of-the-balaji-temple-in-rajasthan
#8
Anubha Sood
This article considers the impact of the global mental health discourse on India's traditional healing systems. Folk mental health traditions, based in religious lifeways and etiologies of supernatural affliction, are overwhelmingly sought by Indians in times of mental ill-health. This is despite the fact that the postcolonial Indian state has historically considered the popularity of these indigenous treatments regressive, and claimed Western psychiatry as the only mental health system befitting the country's aspirations as a modern nation-state...
December 2016: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300433/eating-in-the-panopticon-surveillance-of-food-and-weight-before-and-after-bariatric-surgery
#9
Sarah Trainer, Amber Wutich, Alexandra Brewis
In this article, we explore the processes by which surveillance of eating and weight are coupled with popular and medical ideas about discipline, responsibility, and moral worth for individuals identified as fat/obese. We then follow these individuals through bariatric surgery and weight loss, paying attention to what discourses and practices shift and what remain unchanged. We argue that weight loss does not temper the intensity and constancy of surveillance, because it is at the core of ideas concerning good citizenship and personal responsibility...
March 16, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299858/psychoeducation-for-bipolar-disorder-a-discourse-analysis
#10
Lynere Wilson, Marie Crowe, Anne Scott, Cameron Lacey
Psychoeducation has become a common intervention within mental health settings. It aims to increase people's ability to manage a life with a long-term illness. For people with bipolar disorder, psychoeducation is one of a range of psychosocial interventions now considered part of contemporary mental health practice. It has taken on a 'common sense' status that results in little critique of psychoeducation practices. Using a published manual on psychoeducation and bipolar disorder as its data, Foucauldian discourse analysis was used in the present study for a critical perspective on psychoeducation in order to explore the taken-for-granted assumptions on which it is based...
March 16, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292690/overcoming-professionals-challenging-experiences-to-promote-a-trustful-therapeutic-alliance-in-addiction-treatment-a-qualitative-study
#11
Aymeric Reyre, Raphaël Jeannin, Myriam Largueche, Marie Rose Moro, Thierry Baubet, Olivier Taieb
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A good therapeutic alliance plays a major role in the healing process. Professionals working in addiction treatment report high levels of psychological distress related to work and this may challenge the establishment of a trustful therapeutic alliance, and lead to a loss of care quality provided to service users. The purpose of this study was to investigate the experience of specialized professionals, its effects on trust and the therapeutic alliance, and the means to restore them...
March 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285584/stylistic-features-of-case-reports-as-a-genre-of-medical-discourse
#12
Yuliia Lysanets, Halyna Morokhovets, Olena Bieliaieva
BACKGROUND: The present paper discusses the lexical and grammatical peculiarities of English language medical case reports, taking into account their communicative purposes and intentions. METHODS: The objective of the research is to clarify the principal mechanisms of producing an effective English language medical case report and thus to provide recommendations and guidelines for medical professionals who will deal with this genre. The analysis of medical case reports will largely focus on the most significant linguistic peculiarities, such as the use of active and passive voice, the choice of particular verb tenses, and pronouns...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285564/an-exploration-of-teaching-presence-in-online-interprofessional-education-facilitation
#13
Sherryn Maree Evans, Catherine Ward, Scott Reeves
BACKGROUND: Although the prevalence of online asynchronous interprofessional education (IPE) has increased in the last decade, little is known about the processes of facilitation in this environment. The teaching presence element of the Community of Inquiry Framework offers an approach to analyze the contributions of online facilitators, however, to date it has only been used on a limited basis in health professions education literature. AIM: Using an exploratory case study design, we explored the types of contributions made by IPE facilitators to asynchronous interprofessional team discussions by applying the notion of teaching presence...
March 11, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281320/measuring-choice-for-adults-with-an-intellectual-disability-a-factor-analysis-of-the-adapted-daily-choice-inventory-scale
#14
M-A O'Donovan, E Byrne, P McCallion, M McCarron
BACKGROUND: For most people, choice making is an everyday occurrence, but for adults with an intellectual disability (ID), such opportunities are often limited, if not, absent. Defining choice, and related opportunity capacity and supports continue to feature prominently in academic, practice and policy discourse within the field of ID as reflected in the range of measures available. This paper examines the factor analytic properties of an adapted 14-item choice inventory scale. METHOD: Presence and type of choice were recorded in wave 1 of the Intellectual Disability Supplement to the Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing using a choice inventory scale adapted for the Irish context for 753 participants with ID over age 40 years...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278613/schizophrenia-in-chinese-and-u-s-online-news-media-exploring-cultural-influence-on-the-mediated-portrayal-of-schizophrenia
#15
Yiyi Yang, Scott Parrott
Drawing on the constructionist framing approach, this quantitative content analysis compares online news coverage of schizophrenia in China and the United States in 2015. Incorporating the concept of individualism-collectivism, this study seeks to unveil the effects of culture on the framing of causes, solutions, responsibility attribution, and discourse types. The findings reveal that the link between cultural orientation and the media's framing of schizophrenia is not simple, as both cross-cultural consistency and differences were observed...
February 17, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277056/patient-participation-in-decision-making-about-cardiovascular-preventive-drugs-resistance-as-agency
#16
Josabeth Hultberg, Carl Edvard Rudebeck
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to describe and explore patient agency through resistance in decision-making about cardiovascular preventive drugs in primary care. DESIGN: Six general practitioners from the southeast of Sweden audiorecorded 80 consultations. From these, 28 consultations with proposals from GPs for cardiovascular preventive drug treatments were chosen for theme-oriented discourse analysis. RESULTS: The study shows how patients participate in decision-making about cardiovascular preventive drug treatments through resistance in response to treatment proposals...
February 28, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276069/two-regimes-of-hiv-aids-the-mmwr-and-the-socio-political-construction-of-hiv-aids-as-a-black-disease
#17
Kevin M Moseby
Over the course of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, black Americans have become a central target of US public health prevention efforts. And today, HIV/AIDS is understood to disproportionally affect black Americans. This markedly contrasts with knowledge about the disease and efforts to prevent it in the first decade of the epidemic in the US, when expert and lay understandings and responses centred on white gay males. This article demonstrates that explaining these historical reversals as purely reflective of epidemiological data - or best knowledge available - is insufficient...
March 9, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261901/discussing-prognosis-and-treatment-goals-with-patients-with-advanced-cancer-a-qualitative-analysis-of-oncologists-language
#18
Wen-Ying Sylvia Chou, Lauren M Hamel, Chan L Thai, David Debono, Robert A Chapman, Terrance L Albrecht, Louis A Penner, Susan Eggly
BACKGROUND: The National Academy of Medicine recommends that cancer patients be knowledgeable of their prognosis to enable them to make informed treatment decisions, but research suggests few patients receive this information. OBJECTIVE: This qualitative study describes oncologists' language during discussions of prognosis and treatment goals in clinical interactions with African American patients diagnosed with cancer. DESIGN: We analysed transcripts from video recordings of clinical interactions between patients with Stage III or IV cancer (n=26) and their oncologists (n=9)...
March 5, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245806/-hu-hong-bad-thing-parental-perceptions-of-teenagers-sexuality-in-urban-vietnam
#19
Lan Anh Thi Do, Pimpawun Boonmongkon, Seung Chun Paek, Thomas E Guadamuz
BACKGROUND: Teenagers under 18 years old in Vietnam are considered as minors who usually lack the autonomy to make decisions. They are also sometimes viewed as contributors to social evils including crime, violence and substance use. Moreover, most Vietnamese teenagers have unsafe sex before marriage. The objective of this study is to explore the parental perceptions relating to their teenagers' sexuality, particularly the social and cultural forces, that may hinder access to sexuality information...
February 28, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239878/-appeals-to-nature-in-marriage-equality-debates-a-content-analysis-of-newspaper-and-social-media-discourse
#20
Cliodhna O'Connor
In May 2015, Ireland held a referendum to legalize same-sex marriage, which passed with 62% of the vote. This study explores the role played by 'appeals to nature' in the referendum debate. Little research has investigated how biological attributions are spontaneously generated in real-world discourse regarding sexual rights. Through content analysis of newspaper and Twitter discussion of the referendum, this study aims to (1) establish the frequency of appeals to nature and their distribution across the various 'sides' of the debate and (2) analyse the forms these natural claims took and the rhetorical functions they fulfilled...
February 27, 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
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