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P E Vonk, A M E H Beelen, N de Vries
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of different passive maneuvers on upper airway patency during drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) compared to recent literature on treatment outcomes of positional therapy (PT), oral appliance therapy (OAT), and combined treatment in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients. METHODS: A retrospective, single-center cohort study including a consecutive series of 200 OSA patients. All patients underwent DISE with and without manually performed jaw thrust and lateral head rotation by using the VOTE classification...
March 9, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
Kostis Gyftopoulos
Recurrent urinary tract infections (rUTI) in women is a common cause of morbidity worldwide. In young women recurrent cystitis associated with sexual intercourse is quite common; however not all sexually active women will suffer a post-coital UTI episode. A variety of possible predisposing factors has been described, including behavioral risk patterns, genetic factors and increased virulence of certain subtypes of uropathogens. It has long been regarded that anatomical anomalies are rare in this setting of rUTIs...
April 2018: Medical Hypotheses
Hongpeng Yu, Qiquan Quan, Xinqi Tian, He Li
A novel U-shaped piezoelectric ultrasonic motor that mainly focused on miniaturization and high power density was proposed, fabricated, and tested in this work. The longitudinal vibrations of the transducers were excited to form the elliptical movements on the driving feet. Finite element method (FEM) was used for design and analysis. The resonance frequencies of the selected vibration modes were tuned to be very close to each other with modal analysis and the movement trajectories of the driving feet were gained with transient simulation...
March 7, 2018: Sensors
Chen-Li Ding, Yan-Tao Ma, Qiang-Min Huang, Qing-Guang Liu, Jia-Min Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To attempt to establish an objective quantitative indicator to characterize the trigger point activity, so as to evaluate the effect of dry needling on myofascial trigger point activity. METHODS: Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into blank control group, dry needling (needling) group, stretching exercise (stretching) group and needling plus stretching group ( n =6 per group). The chronic myofascial pain (trigger point) model was established by freedom vertical fall of a wooden striking device onto the mid-point of gastrocnemius belly of the left hind-limb to induce contusion, followed by forcing the rat to make a continuous downgrade running exercise at a speed of 16 m/min for 90 min on the next day which was conducted once a week for 8 weeks...
February 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
W S Yip, S To
Titanium alloys are extensively applied in biomedical industries due to their excellent material properties. However, they are recognized as difficult to cut materials due to their low thermal conductivity, which induces a complexity to their deformation mechanisms and restricts precise productions. This paper presents a new observation about the removal regime of titanium alloys. The experimental results, including the chip formation, thrust force signal and surface profile, showed that there was a critical cutting distance to achieve better surface integrity of machined surface...
March 2, 2018: Scientific Reports
Dawn P Andrews, Kari B Odland-Wolf, James May, Russell Baker, Alan Nasypany
Background and Purpose: Secondary impingement syndrome (SIS) is a common complaint in the sporting population particularly among athletes engaging in overhead activities. While symptoms may be present at the shoulder with patients complaining of SIS, spinal alignment or dysfunction can influence scapular positioning and overall shoulder girdle function. As an adjunct therapy to traditional interventions for SIS, thoracic high-velocity low-amplitude (HVLA) thrusts have been utilized and correlated with patient reported decreases in pain...
February 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Tomoko Ikoma, Karina Haugaard Bendixen, Taro Arima, Andreas Dawson, Taihiko Yamaguchi, Thomas List, Peter Svensson
OBJECTIVE: Repetitive jaw-muscle activity characterized by clenching or grinding of the teeth and/or by bracing or thrusting of the mandible, ie, bruxism, is traditionally linked to pain and unpleasantness in the active muscles. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of standardized craniofacial muscle contractions on self-reported symptoms. METHODS: Sixteen healthy volunteers performed six 5-minute bouts of 20% maximal voluntary contraction task of the jaw-closing (Jaw), the orbicularis-oris (O-oris), and the orbicularis-oculi (O-oculi) muscles...
February 24, 2018: Headache
Andrew S Harwich
Objective: The objective of this study was to describe the initial stage of a generalized theory of high-velocity, low-amplitude thrust (HVLAT) techniques for joint manipulation. Methods: This study examined the movements described by authors from the fields of osteopathy, chiropractic, and physical therapy to produce joint cavitation in both the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint and the cervical spine apophysial joint. This study qualitatively compared the kinetics, the similarities, and the differences between MCP cavitation and cervical facet joint cavitation...
December 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
Christopher Matthew Kroninger
Interest in biological locomotion and what advantages the principles governing it might offer in the design of manmade vehicles prompts one to consider the power requirements of flapping relative to rotary propulsion. The amount of work performed on the fluid surrounding a thrusting surface (wing or blade) is reflected in the kinetic energy of the wake. Consideration of the energy in the wake is sufficient to define absolute minimum limitations on the power requirement to generate a particular thrust. This work applies wake solutions to compare the minimum inviscid propulsive power requirement of wings flapping and in rotation at wing loading conditions reflective of hover through a state of lightly-loaded cruise...
February 20, 2018: Bioinspiration & Biomimetics
Luca Omini, Stefano Martin, Adolfo Maria Tambella
The purpose of this study was to describe and assess the feasibility of a new intra-articular approach in the treatment of cranial cruciate ligament deficiency in dogs using an artificial ligament and a new bone-anchor system. Twelve canine cadavers weighting 26 to 45 kg were used in this ex-vivo study. Special tibial and femoral screws, two helicoils, and a high resistance artificial fiber compose the implant. Surgery was performed using the mean cranio-lateral approach to the stifle joint. Helicoil and tibial screw, connected to the fiber, were inserted in the center of the tibial insertion area of the cranial cruciate ligament...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Steve Karas, Megan J Olson Hunt, Bill Temes, Martin Thiel, Trenton Swoverland, Brett Windsor
Objectives: To determine the difference on neck outcomes with directional manipulation to the thoracic spine. There is evidence that thoracic spine manipulation is effective in treating patients with neck pain. However, there is no research that determines if the assessment of directional hypomobility and the selection of thrust direction offer improved outcomes. Methods: A total of 69 patients with cervical spine pain were randomly assigned to receive either a manipulation that was consistent with their thoracic spine motion loss (matched) or opposite their motion loss (unmatched)...
February 2018: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Daphné Capela, Carlos Dombret, Kevin Poissenot, Manon Poignant, Aude Malbert-Colas, Isabelle Franceschini, Matthieu Keller, Sakina Mhaouty-Kodja
The neural circuitry processing male sexual behavior is tightly regulated by testosterone and its neural metabolite estradiol. The present study evaluated the effects of adult exposure to low doses of nonylphenol (NP), a widespread environmental contaminant, on the neuroendocrine regulation of testosterone and expression of sexual behavior. Oral exposure of C57BL/6J males to NP (0.5, 5 or 50 μg/kg/day) for 4 weeks did not affect circulating levels of testosterone or the kisspeptin system, a key regulator of the gonadotropic axis...
February 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
R Godoy-Diana, B Thiria
Questions of energy dissipation or friction appear immediately when addressing the problem of a body moving in a fluid. For the most simple problems, involving a constant steady propulsive force on the body, a straightforward relation can be established balancing this driving force with a skin friction or form drag, depending on the Reynolds number and body geometry. This elementary relation closes the full dynamical problem and sets, for instance, average cruising velocity or energy cost. In the case of finite-sized and time-deformable bodies though, such as flapping flyers or undulatory swimmers, the comprehension of driving/dissipation interactions is not straightforward...
February 2018: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
Athanasios Chatzinikolaou, Konstantinos Michaloglou, Alexandra Avloniti, Diamanda Leontsini, Chariklia K Deli, Dimitris Vlachopoulos, Luis Gracia-Marco, Sotirios Arsenis, Ioannis Athanailidis, Dimitrios Draganidis, Athanasios Z Jamurtas, Craig A Williams, Ioannis G Fatouros
PURPOSE: Τo investigate the effect of a complex, short-term strength/power training protocol on performance and body composition of elite early-adolescent soccer players. METHODS: Twenty-two players (14-15 years) were randomly assigned to (a) an experimental (EG, n=12, participated in a 5-week training protocol with traditional multi-joint power resistance exercises, Olympic-style lifts, plyometric drills and speed work, four times/week) or (b) a control group (CG, n=10)...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
J D Voss, M S Goodson, J C Leon
We propose the idea of "phenotype diffusion," which is a rapid convergence of an observed trait in some human and animal populations. The words phenotype and diffusion both imply observations independent of mechanism as phenotypes are observed traits with multiple possible genetic mechanisms and diffusion is an observed state of being widely distributed. Recognizing shared changes in phenotype in multiple species does not by itself reveal a particular mechanism such as a shared exposure, shared adaptive need, particular stochastic process or a transmission pathway...
February 12, 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
Nitesh Dhar Badgayan, Santosh Kumar Sahu, Sutanu Samanta, P S Rama Sreekanth
A thrust on improvement of different properties of polymer has taken a contemporary route with advent of nanofillers. Although several nanofillers are existent; MultiWalled Carbon Nanotubes- (MWCNTs) and h-Boron Nitride nanoplatelets-(h-BNNPs) unique combination of 1D and 2D dimensional geometry aids an advantage of B-C-N triad elemental effects on properties of tested samples. The current study aims to investigate the effects of MWCNT and h-BNNP reinforcement in High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) for high load bearing areas of medical applications requiring both elastic and viscous behavior...
February 2, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Rajnish Kumar, Nitin Kumar, Gunjan Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
Benet Reid, Nina Laurie, Matt Baillie Smith
Trans-national medicine, historically associated with colonial politics, is now central to discourses of global health and development, thrust into mainstream media by catastrophic events (earthquakes, disease epidemics), and enshrined in the 2015 Sustainable Development Goals. Volunteer human-resource is an important contributor to international health-development work. International Voluntary Health Networks (IVHNs, that connect richer and poorer countries through healthcare) are situated at a meeting-point between geographies and sociologies of health...
February 1, 2018: Health & Place
Hiroshi Ohi, Hirotaka Iijima, Naoto Fukutani, Tomoki Aoyama, Eishi Kaneda, Kazuko Ohi, Hiromu Ito, Shuichi Matsuda, Abe Kaoru
The foot is speculated to play a role in knee joint kinematics. This exploratory cross-sectional study examined the association between static foot posture and the presence of varus thrust visualized during gait in patients with medial knee osteoarthritis (OA). Patients (n = 88 patients and 134 knees; age, 61-91 years; 68.2% female) with Kellgren/Lawrence (K/L) grade ≥1 in the medial compartment were included in this study and underwent gait observation for varus thrust. These patients' three-dimensional static foot posture while standing was evaluated and their tibiofemoral joint K/L grades and anatomical axis angles were also assessed as covariates...
January 29, 2018: Gait & Posture
Xiaohui Zhang, Dong Sun, Jeon W Song, Joseph Zullo, Mark Lipphardt, Leona Coneh-Gould, Michael S Goligorsky
Dysfunctional endothelial cells are an essential contributor to the progression of diverse chronic cardiovascular, renal, and metabolic diseases. It manifests in impairment of nitric oxide-dependent vasorelaxation, vascular permeability, and leukocytes deterrent. While endothelial glycocalyx is known to regulate these functions, glycocalyx has been shown to be impaired in pathologic settings leading to endothelial dysfunction. Are these findings coincidental or are they indicative of a potential cooperation of the glycocalyx and the endothelium in inducing a dysfunctional phenotype? The main thrust of this overview is to advance a hypothesis on the existence of vicious circle relations between impaired endothelial glycocalyx and endothelial cell dysfunction...
January 31, 2018: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
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