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Huge HCC

Min Jung Kwon, Soo Hyung Ryu, Soo Yeon Jo, Chul Hoon Kwak, Won Jae Yoon, Jeong Seop Moon, Hye Kyung Lee
Oral metastatic tumor, which is uncommon and represents less than 1% of malignant oral neoplasms, usually arises from a primary mucosal or cutaneous cancer located in the head and neck regions. Metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) to the oral cavity, especially to gingiva, is extremely rare. A 50-year-old man, who was a chronic alcoholic and hepatitis B virus carrier, presented with abdominal distension and weight loss for the past 3 months. Three-phased contrast-enhanced abdominal CT revealed numerous conglomerated masses in the liver, suggesting huge HCCs arising in the background of liver cirrhosis with a large amount of ascites...
December 25, 2016: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
Yuting Wu, Fangtian Bu, Haixia Yu, Wanxia Li, Cheng Huang, Xiaoming Meng, Lei Zhang, Taotao Ma, Jun Li
Liver fibrosis, resulting from chronic and persistent injury to the liver, is a worldwide health problem. Advanced liver fibrosis results in cirrhosis, liver failure and even hepatocellular cancer (HCC), often eventually requiring liver transplantation, poses a huge health burden on the global community. However, the specific pathogenesis of liver fibrosis remains not fully understood. Numerous basic and clinical studies have provided evidence that epigenetic modifications, especially DNA methylation, might contribute to the activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), the pivotal cell type responsible for the fibrous scar in liver...
December 6, 2016: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Kenneth O Simbiri, Christopher K Williams, Marcella Macaluso, Antonio Giordano
The objectives of the African Organization for Research and Training in Cancer (AORTIC), includes bringing products of decades of advances in cancer research to African populations through local and international collaboration. The consistent and huge growth in participation in the conferences and the diversity of the nations is a witness to the success of the organization thus far. The theme for the Tenth AORTIC International Conference on Cancer in Africa in Morocco in 2015 was "Road map to Cancer Control in Africa" and topics of discussion of paramount importance for low- and middle-income African countries included childhood cancers such as BL, cancers of the cervix, breast, and prostate; cancers associated with HIV-infection such as cervical, vulvar, and anal; as well as cancer care challenges associated with palliative care...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Xin Long, Jian Wang, Jian-Ping Zhao, Hui-Fang Liang, Peng Zhu, Qi Cheng, Qian Chen, Yan-Hui Wu, Zhan-Guo Zhang, Bi-Xiang Zhang, Xiao-Ping Chen
The function of the spleen in tumor development has been investigated for years. The relationship of the spleen with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), a huge health burden worldwide, however, remains unknown. The present study aimed to examine the effect of splenectomy on the development of HCC and the possible mechanism. Mouse hepatic carcinoma lines H22 and Hepa1-6 as well as BALB/c and C57 mice were used to establish orthotopic and metastatic mouse models of liver cancer. Mice were divided into four groups, including control group, splenectomy control group (S group), tumor group (T group) and tumor plus splenectomy group (T+S group)...
October 2016: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
Yinzhe Xu, Jiye Chen, Hongguang Wang, Hui Zheng, Dan Feng, Aiqun Zhang, Jianjun Leng, Weidong Duan, Zhanyu Yang, Mingyi Chen, Xianjie Shi, Shouwang Cai, Wenbin Ji, Kai Jiang, Wenzhi Zhang, Yongliang Chen, Wanqing Gu, Jiahong Dong, Shichun Lu
BACKGROUND: The high prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) imposes a huge burden of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in Asia. Surgical resection remains an important therapeutic strategy for HCC. Hepatic inflow occlusion, known as the Pringle maneuver, is the most commonly used method of reducing blood loss during liver parenchymal transection. A major issue with this maneuver is ischemia-reperfusion injury to the remnant liver, and the hemodynamic disturbance it induces in the tumor-bearing liver raises an oncological concern...
October 11, 2016: Trials
Yingchao Wang, Hongzhi Liu, Dong Liang, Yao Huang, Yongyi Zeng, Xiaohua Xing, Jiangbao Xia, Minjie Lin, Xiao Han, Naishun Liao, Xiaolong Liu, Jingfeng Liu
: Tumor size of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a key parameter for predicting prognosis of HCC patients. The biological behaviors of HCC, such as tumor growth, recurrence and metastasis are significantly associated with tumor size. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we applied iTRAQ-based proteomic strategy to analyze the proteome differences among small, media, large and huge primary HCC tissues. In brief,88 proteins in small HCC, 69 proteins in media HCC, 118 proteins in large HCC and 215 proteins in huge HCC, were identified by comparing the proteome of cancerous tissues with its corresponding non-cancerous tissues...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Proteomics
Mariateresa Mirarchi, Emilio De Raffele, Francesco Bacci, Dajana Cuicchi, Ferdinando Lecce, Bruno Cola
: Solitary extramedullary plasmacitomas (SEMP) of the liver are very rare. We report the case of an elderly woman with a huge symptomatic SEMP of the liver mimicking hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The patient was a 89-year-old woman who presented with severe abdominal pain and a huge solid mass in the right hypochondrium. The laboratory data on admission revealed normal liver function tests. A multiphasic computed tomography (CT) showed a huge solid mass of the left hemiliver, hypoattenuating on noncontrast images, dishomogeneously hyperenhancing in the late arterial phase, with washout in the portal venous and equilibrium phases...
2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
L Chen, H P Luo, S L Dong, X P Chen
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effectiveness of three-dimentional(3D)reconstruction technique in safety assessment of hepatectomy for large hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC). METHODS: The clinical records of 28 patients who underwent resection of HCC greater than 10 cm in diameter from January 2013 to December 2015 at Department of Hepatic Surgery, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College Huazhong University of Science and Technology were studied retrospectively. All patients underwent enhanced computer tomography (CT), then 3D images of liver and tumor were reconstructed by uploading the CT imaging data to IQQA-Liver system...
September 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Y J Chang, K P Chung, Y J Chang, L J Chen
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess long-term survival after liver resection for huge hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Patients with stage I-III HCC who underwent hepatectomy from 2002 to 2010 were identified retrospectively from prospective national databases and followed until December 2012. Patients were assigned into four groups according to tumour size: less than 3·0 cm (small), 3·0-4·9 cm (medium), 5·0-10·0 cm (large) and over 10·0 cm (huge)...
October 2016: British Journal of Surgery
Jun Dong, Xiaofeng Zhai, Zhe Chen, Qun Liu, Hua Ye, Wei Chen, Changquan Ling
The aim of this study is to examine the safety and efficacy of Cinobufacini injection in transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) for treatment of huge hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Clinical data of 56 consecutive patients with HCC larger than 10 cm who had been treated with TACE between December 2010 and August 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. Among these patients, 31 belonged to the Cinobufacini group and 25 belonged to the epirubicin group. The clinical efficacy, survival time, and adverse events in patients in the two groups were compared...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Atsuyuki Ikeda, Yumiko Yasuhara, Daizen Hirata, Mari Teramura, Takeharu Nakamura, Yoko Oiwa, Osamu Araki, Hidemasa Azechi, Ryuta Nishitai, Hiroyuki Kokuryu
We report a case of resected hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) after drug-eluting bead transarterial chemoembolization (DEB-TACE). A 67-year-old man with alcoholic liver disease was diagnosed with HCCs. Serological markers for hepatitis B and C viruses were negative. Among tumor markers, alpha-fetoprotein was 2.7ng/mL, and protein induced by vitamin K absence II was 868mAU/mL. Two HCCs were detected using dynamic computed tomography: one was 9cm in diameter in S8 and the other was 2cm in diameter in S4. We performed DEB-TACE using HepaSphere(®) and epirubicin...
2016: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
Jia-Cheng Tang, Yi-Li Feng, Tao Guo, An-Yong Xie, Xiu-Jun Cai
Molecular characterization of individual patients' tumor cells is becoming increasingly important in offering effective treatment for patients in clinical practice. Recent advances in the field have indicated that circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) has huge potential to serve as a biomarker for early detection and precision treatment as well as prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). As ctDNA in HCC patients harbors the molecular characteristics of HCC tumor cells, ctDNA analysis in the blood may be sufficient for convenient, non-invasive and accurate detection, providing information for HCC diagnosis, treatment and prognosis...
2016: Cell & Bioscience
Yuanyuan Wang, Junli Hao, Xiaohong Liu, Hongxin Wang, Xin Zeng, Jing Yang, Lei Li, Xi Kuang, Tao Zhang
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection correlated with the development of cirrhosis, liver failure and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), poses a huge health burden on the global community. However, the pathogenesis of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) remains unclear. Apolipoprotein A1 (ApoA1) mainly secreted by hepatocytes, represents the major protein component of high-density lipoprotein. ApoA1 secretion may be disrupted by HBV infection. In this study, we mainly investigated the molecular mechanism of ApoA1 down regulated by HBV for revealing the pathogenesis of CHB...
March 25, 2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
Brian K P Goh, Juinn Huar Kam, Ser-Yee Lee, Chung-Yip Chan, John C Allen, Premaraj Jeyaraj, Peng-Chung Cheow, Pierce K H Chow, London L P J Ooi, Alexander Y F Chung
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine preoperative predictors of early (<1 year) mortality from disease recurrence after liver resection (LR) for huge (≥10 cm) HCC, with special emphasis on the importance of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and prognostic nutrition index (PNI). METHODS: Between 2000 to 2013, 166 patients underwent LR for huge HCC. Optimal cut-offs for alpha fetoprotein (AFP), NLR, PLR, and PNI were determined by plotting the receiver operator curves (ROC) in predicting early mortality and utilizing the Youden index...
May 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Aleksandra Skrajna, Xiao-Cui Yang, Krzysztof Tarnowski, Kinga Fituch, William F Marzluff, Zbigniew Dominski, Michał Dadlez
Histone pre-mRNAs are cleaved at the 3' end by a complex that contains U7 snRNP, the FLICE-associated huge protein (FLASH) and histone pre-mRNA cleavage complex (HCC) consisting of several polyadenylation factors. Within the complex, the N terminus of FLASH interacts with the N terminus of the U7 snRNP protein Lsm11, and together they recruit the HCC. FLASH through its distant C terminus independently interacts with the C-terminal SANT/Myb-like domain of nuclear protein, ataxia-telangiectasia locus (NPAT), a transcriptional co-activator required for expression of histone genes in S phase...
March 27, 2016: Journal of Molecular Biology
Yosuke Mukai, Hiroshi Wada, Hidetoshi Eguchi, Akira Tomokuni, Yoshito Tomimaru, Tadafumi Asaoka, Koichi Kawamoto, Shigeru Marubashi, Koji Umeshita, Yuichiro Doki, Masaki Mori, Hiroaki Nagano
We report a case of locally advanced huge hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) invading the diaphragm and the right lung, which was controlled by sorafenib, thereby allowing curative resection. A 72-year-old man was diagnosed with advanced HCC invading the diaphragm and the right lung. At the time of diagnosis, his tumor was considered unresectable and he underwent transarterial embolization (TAE)/transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) 3 times. Assessment with enhanced CT after TAE/TACE showed that a viable lesion remained...
November 2015: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Tong-Chun Xue, Ning-Ling Ge, Xin Xu, Fan Le, Bo-Heng Zhang, Yan-Hong Wang
AIM: Accumulating evidence suggests platelets play critical roles in tumor metastasis. Moreover, the role of platelets in metastasis is partially correlated with inflammation. However, evidence regarding the contribution of platelets to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) metastasis is lacking. This study investigated the association between platelets and metastatic risk in HCC. METHODS: We used huge HCC (diameter over 10 cm), a tumor subgroup with a strong inflammatory background, as a model to evaluate the potential predictive role of platelets and platelet-related biomarkers for metastasis in HCC patients undergoing transarterial chemoembolization...
September 2016: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
Lei Liu, Qi-Shun Zhang, Ling-Hui Pan, Jian-Hong Zhong, Zhen-Ming Qin, Yan-Yan Wang, Hong-Gui Qin, Wen-Feng Gong, Lu-Nan Qi, Bang-De Xiang, Le-Qun Li
Official guidelines group together all cases of solitary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) without macroscopic vascular invasion, regardless of tumor size. Here, we examined whether this is justified based on overall survival (OS) after hepatic resection (HR). Patients with newly diagnosed solitary HCC treated by initial HR from January 2004 to October 2013 were classified into six groups based on tumor size (in 2-cm increments). Combining adjacent categories with similar OS led to three groups: ≤5 cm (n = 426), >5 and ≤8 cm (n = 229), and >8 cm (n = 202)...
April 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Hidetoshi Gon, Masahiro Kido, Takumi Fukumoto, Atsushi Takebe, Motofumi Tanaka, Kaori Kuramitsu, Hisoka Kinoshita, Kenji Fukushima, Takeshi Urade, Shinichi So, Makoto Shinzeki, Ippei Matsumoto, Tetsuo Ajiki, Yonson Ku
A 38-year-old man underwent right hepatectomy for a huge hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC)in the right hepatic lobe. Four months later, recurrent and metastatic disease were observed in the remnant liver and right lung, respectively. We performed a hepatectomy for the recurrent lesion because transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) was not effective. After surgery, we initiated sorafenib treatment for the lung metastases. One year later, the lung metastases worsened and metastases were observed in the mediastinal lymph nodes, and both metastatic lesions were resected...
September 2015: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Stella De Nicola, Massimo Colombo
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major health problem that affects about 3% of the world's population. Chronic infection can evolve into cirrhosis, end-stage liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma. Since the discovery of the virus, great advances were made in its diagnostics and therapeutics. HCV has the peculiarity of being a curable infection, as persistent virus eradication can be achieved through therapy. The recent advent of direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs), which can be combined to provide short and well-tolerated all-oral regimens, has allows higher rates of sustained viral response (SVR) for all HCV genotypes, also in patients previously considered as "difficult to treat" and in patients with advanced cirrhosis, in whom antiviral treatment was contraindicated in the past...
March 2016: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
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