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Brief intervention

Roland S Moore, David A Gilder, Joel W Grube, Juliet P Lee, Jennifer A Geisler, Bettina Friese, Daniel J Calac, Laura J Finan, Cindy L Ehlers
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate combined individual- and community-level interventions to reduce underage drinking by American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) youths on rural California Indian reservations. METHODS: Individual-level interventions included brief motivational interviewing and psychoeducation for Tribal youths. Community-level interventions included community mobilization and awareness activities, as well as restricting alcohol sales to minors. To test effects, we compared 7 waves of California Healthy Kids Survey data (2002-2015) for 9th- and 11th-grade AI/AN and non-AI/AN students in intervention area schools with California AI/AN students outside the intervention area (n = 617, n = 33 469, and n = 976, respectively)...
June 21, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
Nathan T Kearns, Heidemarie Blumenthal, Prathiba Natesan, Byron L Zamboanga, Lindsay S Ham, Renee M Cloutier
Caffeine is the most widely available and consumed psychoactive substance in the United States. Extant work indicates that across substances, use expectancies play a marked role in the development and maintenance of consumption patterns. Despite a burgeoning line of etiological and intervention-oriented research focused on expectancies (e.g., alcohol), there is a limited literature regarding caffeine use effect expectancies, specifically. To facilitate this work, the Caffeine Expectancy Questionnaire (CaffEQ) was developed and psychometrically validated; however, the length of the CaffEQ (i...
June 21, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Courtenay E Cavanaugh, Jenna Harvey, Kamila A Alexander, Samantha Saraczewski, Jacquelyn C Campbell
There is a need for studies to assess domestic violence (DV) shelter workers views about brief HIV prevention interventions for shelter residents to improve these workers' provision of HIV prevention interventions to shelter residents. This mixed methods study assessed DV shelter workers' views about the following: (a) the need for and appropriateness of HIV prevention services within DV shelters, (b) the utility (i.e., acceptability, systems support, understanding, and feasibility) of an HIV Risk Assessment and Safety Plan (HIV RASP) for women in DV shelters, and (c) suggested changes to or concerns about using the HIV RASP...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Derrick Ssewanyana, Anneloes van Baar, Charles R Newton, Amina Abubakar
BACKGROUND: Health risk behavior (HRB) is of concern during adolescence. In sub-Saharan Africa, reliable, valid and culturally appropriate measures of HRB are urgently needed. This study aims at assembling and psychometrically evaluating a comprehensive questionnaire on HRB of adolescents in Kilifi County at the coast of Kenya. METHODS: The Kilifi Health Risk Behavior Questionnaire (KRIBE-Q) was assembled using items on HRB identified from a systematic review and by consulting 85 young people through 11 focus group discussions and in-depth interviews with 10 key informants like teachers and employees of organizations providing various services to young people in Kilifi County...
June 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
Brooke M Smith, Jennifer L Villatte, Clarissa W Ong, Grayson M Butcher, Michael P Twohig, Michael E Levin, Steven C Hayes
Research has demonstrated that values and acceptance interventions can increase distress tolerance, but the individual contribution of each remains unclear. The current study examined the isolated effect of a values intervention on immersion time in a cold pressor. Participants randomized to Values ( n = 18) and Control ( n = 14) conditions completed two cold pressor tasks, separated by a 30-min values or control intervention. Immersion time increased 51.06 s for participants in the Values condition and decreased by 10...
June 1, 2018: Behavior Modification
Marco Solmi, Cristiano A Köhler, Brendon Stubbs, Ai Koyanagi, Beatrice Bortolato, Francesco Monaco, Davy Vancampfort, Myrela O Machado, Michael Maes, Ioanna Tzoulaki, Joseph Firth, John P A Ioannidis, André F Carvalho
BACKGROUND: Multiple environmental factors have been implicated in obesity and multiple interventions, besides drugs and surgery, have been assessed in obese patients. Results are scattered across many studies and meta-analyses and they often mix obese and overweight individuals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched through January 21st , 2017 for meta-analyses of cohort studies assessing environmental risk factors for obesity, and randomized controlled trials investigating non-pharmacological, non-surgical therapeutic interventions for obesity...
June 20, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
John F Stins, Claudia Emck
Children with autism not only have limited social and communicative skills but also have motor abnormalities, such as poor timing and coordination of balance. Moreover, impaired gross motor skills hamper participation with peers. Balance control is interesting from a cognitive science perspective, since it involves a complex interplay between information processing, motor planning, and timing and sequencing of muscle movements. In this paper, we discuss the background of motor problems in children with autism, focusing on how posture is informed by sensory information processing...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Asiel Yair Adan Sanchez, Elizabeth McMillan, Amit Bhaduri, Nancy Pehlivan, Katherine Monson, Paul Badcock, Katherine Thompson, Eoin Killackey, Andrew Chanen, Brian O'Donoghue
AIM: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of high-risk sexual behaviours, sequelae and associated factors in young people attending a youth mental health service. METHODS: The study design was a cross-sectional survey of 103 young people aged between 15-25 years carried out across four specialist mental health clinics. A questionnaire on the sexual health of secondary level students was adapted for this study. Mental health symptomatology was assessed through the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS)...
June 19, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
Antonella Granieri, Francesca Viola Borgogno, Isabella Giulia Franzoi, Marco Gonella, Fanny Guglielmucci
The aim of the present paper is to describe the development of a Brief Psychoanalytic Group therapy for contaminated sites and its application in the National Priority Contaminated Site of Casale Monferrato. Before presenting the core of the clinical intervention, a brief examination of some clinical features encountered working with malignant mesothelioma patients and their caregivers is offered. These aspects have been pivotal elements in the construction of a psychoanalytically oriented time-limited (i.e...
April 2018: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
G L Olsson, M Kemani, K Jensen, E Kosek, D Kadetoff, K Sorjonen, M Ingvar, R Wicksell
Background Recent developments within cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) have emphasized the utility of acceptance and mindfulness strategies, contrasting interventions focused on reduction or control of symptoms. A study of fMRI changes after CBT in females with fibromyalgia (FM) has been performed and results are presented elsewhere (under review). The aim of the present study was evaluate the effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)-based intervention for patient diagnosed with FM in comparison with a wait-list control Method Female patients aged 18-55 years, fulfilling the American College of Rheumatology classification criteria for FM, and with a weekly self-reported average pain intensity of >40 (VAS 0-100) were considered eligible for inclusion...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Takuya Yoshiike, Motoyasu Honma, Naoto Yamada, Yoshiharu Kim, Kenichi Kuriyama
Bright light (BL) not only regulates human emotion and circadian physiology but can also directly modulate emotional memories. Impaired fear extinction and enhanced fear acquisition and consolidation are hallmarks of fear-circuitry disorders; thus, we tested whether BL facilitates fear extinction and inhibits fear acquisition. We randomly exposed 29 healthy humans to high- (9000 lx) or low-intensity light (<500 lx) for 15 min, near the nadir of the phase response to light, in a single-blind manner...
June 15, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
Timothy J Genovese, Jun J Mao
Objective: To evaluate the associations between polymorphisms in two genes, catechol-O-methyltransferase and T-cell leukemia/lymphoma 1 A, and acupuncture-mediated pain reduction among breast cancer survivors with aromatase inhibitor-associated arthralgia. Design, Setting, and Subjects: Biospecimens were obtained from 38 patients enrolled in a clinical trial of acupuncture for aromatase inhibitor-associated arthralgia in postmenopausal hormone receptor-positive breast cancer survivors...
April 17, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Sara M Edlund, Maria L Carlsson, Steven J Linton, Alan E Fruzzetti, Maria Tillfors
Background and aims Chronic pain not only affects the person in pain, but can also have a negative impact on relationships with loved ones. Research shows that chronic pain is associated with difficulties in marital relationships, which in turn is related to a variety of negative outcomes such as psychological distress and conflict within the family. This suggests that couples where chronic physical pain is present also struggle with emotional pain and relationship problems, and thus targeting relationship skills and interpersonal functioning might be helpful for these couples...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Lene Symes, Judith McFarlane, John Maddoux, Lisa Beth Levine, Kimberly S Landrum, Cari Delgado McFarlane
There is a particular need for valid scales to screen for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among women who seek safe shelter from intimate partner violence. Screening to identify women who are at risk for PTSD can lead to early intervention that reduces the risk for PTSD-related outcomes such as poor decision making, inconsistent parenting, and behavior dysfunction among their children. The gold standard for diagnosing PTSD is the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Wendy Hadley, Amy Lansing, David H Barker, Larry K Brown, Heather Hunter, Geri Donenberg, Ralph J DiClemente
Parents can play a vital role in shaping teenagers' sexual attitudes, behavior, and contraceptive use through communication, however, less is known about how to modify parent-adolescent communication among youth with mental health problems. The impact of a family-based sexual risk prevention intervention on both observational and self-report of parent adolescent sexual communication was examined at 12-months among adolescents with mental health problems. Of the 721 parent- adolescent dyads recruited for the study, 167 videotapes of sexual discussions between parents and adolescent were coded for the family-based intervention and 191 videotapes for the active comparison...
April 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Shaan A Ahmed, Govind Shantharam, Adam E M Eltorai, Davis A Hartnett, Avi Goodman, Alan H Daniels
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Psychosocial risk factors may predispose to progression of back and neck pain to chronic pain or disability. Resilience (the ability to recover from stress) and pain self-efficacy (confidence that one can perform daily activities despite pain) are important psychometric properties shown to affect health and illness. PURPOSE: To examine the relationships among resilience, pain self-efficacy, and disability in spine patients. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Prospective, single-center orthopedic spine clinic...
June 12, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Eithne Heffernan, David W Maidment, Johanna G Barry, Melanie A Ferguson
OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this research was to refine and validate the Social Participation Restrictions Questionnaire (SPaRQ). The SPaRQ is a hearing-specific, patient-reported outcome measure that was originally developed through consultation with adults with hearing loss, clinicians, and researchers. This research comprised two studies. Study 1 aimed to assess the psychometric properties of the SPaRQ and to improve these properties by amending the questionnaire (e.g., removing items) as required...
June 13, 2018: Ear and Hearing
Fabiana Terra Cunha Belache, Cíntia Pereira de Souza, Jessica Fernandez, Julia Castro, Paula Dos Santos Ferreira, Elizana Rodrigues de Sousa Rosa, Nathalia Cristina Gimenez de Araújo, Felipe José Jandre Reis, Renato Santos de Almeida, Leandro Alberto Calazans Nogueira, Luís Cláudio Lemos Correia, Ney Meziat-Filho
INTRODUCTION: Chronic low back pain is a public health problem, and there is strong evidence that it is associated with a complex interaction of biopsychosocial factors. Cognitive functional therapy is an intervention that deals with potentially modifiable multidimensional aspects of pain (eg, provocative cognitive, movement and lifestyle behaviours). There is evidence (from a single randomised, controlled trial) that cognitive functional therapy is better than combined manual therapy and motor control exercise...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Physiotherapy
Shelly Jun, Amy C Plint, Sarah Curtis, Amanda S Newton
CLINICIAN'S CAPSULE What is known about the topic? Emergency department (ED) visits for adolescent alcohol-related concerns offer the opportunity for early intervention; however, the underlying alcohol problem generally remains unaddressed. What did this study ask? What are ED physicians' perceptions regarding adolescent alcohol use and ED-based intervention? What are their current intervention practices? What did this study find? While the majority of ED physicians feel the responsibility to address problematic adolescent alcohol use, interventional practices are unstandardized and lacking...
June 14, 2018: CJEM
Stephen J Lepore, Bradley N Collins, Donna L Coffman, Jonathan P Winickoff, Uma S Nair, Beth Moughan, Tyra Bryant-Stephens, Daniel Taylor, David Fleece, Melissa Godfrey
BACKGROUND: Pediatricians following clinical practice guidelines for tobacco intervention (&ldquo;Ask, Advise, and Refer&rdquo; [AAR]) can motivate parents to reduce child tobacco smoke exposure (TSE). However, brief clinic interventions are unable to provide the more intensive, evidence-based behavioral treatments that facilitate the knowledge, skills, and confidence that parents need to both reduce child TSE and quit smoking. We hypothesized that a multilevel treatment model integrating pediatric clinic-level AAR with individual-level, telephone counseling would promote greater long-term (12-month) child TSE reduction and parent smoking cessation than clinic-level AAR alone...
June 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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