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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451862/neonatal-resuscitation-experience-curves-simulation-based-mastery-learning-booster-sessions-and-skill-decay-patterns-among-pediatric-residents
#1
Heideh H Matterson, Demian Szyld, Brad R Green, Heather B Howell, Martin V Pusic, Pradeep V Mally, Sean M Bailey
BACKGROUND: Following neonatal resuscitation program (NRP) training, decay in clinical skills can occur. Simulation-based deliberate practice (SBDP) has been shown to maintain NRP skills to a variable extent. Our study objectives were (a) to determine whether a single 30 min simulation-based intervention that incorporates SBDP and mastery learning (ML) can effectively restore skills and prevent skill decay and (b) to compare different timing options. METHODS: Following NRP certification, pediatric residents were randomly assigned to receive a video-recorded baseline assessment plus SBDP-ML refresher education at between 6 and 9 months (early) or between 9 and 12 months (late)...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450881/a-comparative-description-of-perceived-stress-and-coping-strategies-among-psychology-and-nonpsychology-students-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#2
Zahir Vally, Brettjet L Cody, Safeya N M Alsheraifi, Maryam A Albloshi
PURPOSE: This study describes perceived stress and coping strategies as they occur within a college-aged population from an Arab background. Variables were compared between psychology students and their peers from other faculties. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional, correlational design was used for this study. A total of 114 students completed the Brief COPE questionnaire, the Perceived Stress Scale, and a measure of our own design to assess sources of psychosocial support...
February 16, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449010/a-brief-report-of-plexiform-neurofibroma
#3
Mahdi Khajavi Md, Shahrokh Khoshsirat Md, Lida Ahangarnazari Md, Niloofar Majdinasab Md
Plexiform neurofibroma (PNF) is a rare variant of neurofibromatosis type1 (NF-1), which histopathologically, is a subtype of benign nerve sheath tumors, neurofibromas (NF). It develops as a result of proliferation in all parts of peripheral nervous system and can cause the functional damage, deformities, pain, considerable mortality, and morbidity and even the increasing risk of malignant transformation in some critical cases. Currently, the surgical intervention is the treatment of choice for PNF patients, which due to the tumor invasion, massive growth, and the chance of postoperative regrowth is not possible...
January 10, 2018: Current Problems in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448235/the-effects-of-screen-media-content-on-young-children-s-executive-functioning
#4
Brittany Huber, Megan Yeates, Denny Meyer, Lorraine Fleckhammer, Jordy Kaufman
Children's exposure to screen-based media has raised concerns for many reasons. One reason is that viewing particular television content has been shown to negatively affect children's executive functioning. Yet, it is unclear whether interacting with a touchscreen device affects executive functioning in the same way as the television research suggests. In the current study, 96 2- and 3-year-old children completed executive functioning measures of working memory and response inhibition and task switching before and after a brief screen intervention consisting of watching an educational television show, playing an educational app, or watching a cartoon...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447544/-asking-but-not-screening-assessing-physicians-and-nurses-substance-related-clinical-behaviors
#5
Jon Agley, Joan M Carlson, Angela M McNelis, Ruth A Gassman, Rhonda Schwindt, David Crabb, Julie Vannerson
BACKGROUND: Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) is a promising public health approach for problematic substance use. A core component of SBIRT is the use of formal screening tools to categorize a patient's likely level of risk in order to provide an appropriately-matched service. Training in formal screening is included in many SBIRT training programs, but infrequently is emphasized. OBJECTIVES: To assess pre-training levels of SBIRT-related clinical behaviors, including screening, this study examined a secondary dataset collected from internal medicine residents and graduate nurse practitioner students...
February 15, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446700/an-interview-informed-synthesized-contingency-analysis-to-inform-the-treatment-of-challenging-behavior-in-a-young-child-with-autism
#6
Ciara Herman, Olive Healy, Sinéad Lydon
PURPOSE: Experimental Functional analysis (EFA) is considered the "gold standard" of behavioural assessment and its use is predictive of treatment success. However, EFA has a number of limitations including its lengthy nature, the high level of expertise required, and the reinforcement of challenging behaviour. This study aimed to further validate a novel interview-informed synthesised contingency analysis (IISCA). METHODS: An open-ended interview and brief direct observation informed an IISCA for a young boy with autism who engaged in challenging behaviour...
February 15, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444729/gemella-bergeri-infective-endocarditis-a-case-report-and-brief-review-of-literature
#7
S Javed Zaidi, Tarek Husayni, Mary A Collins
Gemella is a genus of Gram-positive bacteria found in the digestive tract of humans. They rarely cause systemic illness but have been recently implicated in several serious infections. We report infective endocarditis caused by Gemella bergeri in a 23-year-old with a bicuspid aortic valve status post-intervention in infancy.
February 15, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443533/the-effects-of-a-yoga-exercise-and-nutritional-guidance-program-on-pregnancy-outcomes-among-healthy-pregnant-japanese-women-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Masayo Matsuzaki, Momoko Kusaka, Takashi Sugimoto, Mie Shiraishi, Risa Kobayashi, Sachi Watanabe, Megumi Haruna
OBJECTIVES: This report provides an experimental protocol for a study designed to verify the effects of yoga exercise and a nutritional guidance program during pregnancy on several key pregnancy and birth outcomes among Japanese women. DESIGN: This is a study protocol of a randomized controlled trial. SETTING/LOCATION: This intervention will be carried out in a university hospital in Tokyo. SUBJECTS: Healthy primiparous women will be recruited at 18-23 gestational weeks in the hospital...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441644/brief-school-based-interventions-to-assist-adolescents-sleep-onset-latency-comparing-mindfulness-and-constructive-worry-versus-controls
#9
Kate Bartel, Chao Huang, Ben Maddock, Paul Williamson, Michael Gradisar
Difficulties falling asleep are common among adolescents, especially during times of stress. Adolescents may thus benefit from brief techniques (15 min) that decrease pre-sleep cognitive-emotional arousal and sleep-onset latency. The present study used a 3 (intervention: mindfulness bodyscan mp3, constructive worry, control) by 3 (time: baseline, week 1, week 2) mixed-model design on a school-based sample of adolescents (N = 232; Mage = 15.9 ± 0.8 years, range = 14-18 years; 19% male), and a sub-sample of adolescents with prolonged sleep-onset latency (i...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441214/syndromic-hearing-loss-a-brief-review-of-common-presentations-and-genetics
#10
REVIEW
John D Gettelfinger, John P Dahl
Congenital hearing loss is one of the most common birth defects worldwide, with around 1 in 500 people experiencing some form of severe hearing loss. While over 400 different syndromes involving hearing loss have been described, it is important to be familiar with a wide range of syndromes involving hearing loss so an early diagnosis can be made and early intervention can be pursued to maximize functional hearing and speech-language development in the setting of verbal communication. This review aims to describe the presentation and genetics for some of the most frequently occurring syndromes involving hearing loss, including neurofibromatosis type 2, branchio-oto-renal syndrome, Treacher Collins syndrome, Stickler syndrome, Waardenburg syndrome, Pendred syndrome, Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome, Usher syndromes, Refsum disease, Alport syndrome, MELAS, and MERRF...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440016/reducing-inappropriate-antibiotic-prescribing-for-children-in-primary-care-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-two-interventions
#11
Marieke B Lemiengre, Jan Y Verbakel, Roos Colman, Tine De Burghgraeve, Frank Buntinx, Bert Aertgeerts, Frans De Baets, An De Sutter
BACKGROUND: Antibiotics are overprescribed for non-severe acute infections in children in primary care. AIM: To explore two different interventions that may reduce inappropriate antibiotic prescribing for non-severe acute infections. DESIGN AND SETTING: A cluster randomised, factorial controlled trial in primary care, in Flanders, Belgium. METHOD: Family physicians (FPs) enrolled children with non-severe acute infections into this study...
February 12, 2018: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439910/-analysis-of-the-refusal-of-the-flu-vaccination-regrivi-study
#12
S Méijome-Blanco, G González-Cristobo, A Á Regueiro-Martínez
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study is to determine the reasons for refusing the flu vaccination in the Primary Care Health Centre of Vilanova de Arousa, Spain, as well as to evaluate the flu vaccination coverage after an educational intervention. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A quasi-experimental before and after study was conducted after an educational intervention on a total of 73 people that included those Primary Care Health Centre patients from Vilanova de Arousa who had refused the flu vaccination in 2014, and who did not meet the exclusion criteria (death during 2014 and 2015 campaigns, non-acceptance of participation, vaccine registration mistakes, contraindication or no indication for the vaccine, inability to contact)...
February 10, 2018: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437758/lack-of-efficacy-in-a-randomised-trial-of-a-brief-intervention-to-reduce-drug-use-and-increase-drug-treatment-services-utilisation-among-adult-emergency-department-patients-over-a-12-month-period
#13
Roland C Merchant, Zhongli Zhang, Zihao Zhang, Tao Liu, Janette R Baird
OBJECTIVES: Assess the 12-month efficacy of a brief intervention (BI) on reducing drug use and increasing drug treatment services utilisation among adult emergency department (ED) patients. METHODS: This randomised, controlled trial enrolled 18-64-year-old ED patients needing a drug use intervention. Treatment arm participants received a tailored BI while control arm participants only completed the study questionnaires. Self-reported past 3-month drug use and engagement in drug treatment services were compared by study arm at 3-month intervals over 1 year...
February 2, 2018: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436397/impacts-of-an-opioid-overdose-prevention-intervention-delivered-subsequent-to-acute-care
#14
Caleb J Banta-Green, Phillip O Coffin, Joseph O Merrill, Jeanne M Sears, Chris Dunn, Anthony S Floyd, Lauren K Whiteside, Norbert D Yanez, Dennis M Donovan
BACKGROUND: Opioid overdose is a major and increasing cause of injury and death. There is an urgent need for interventions to reduce overdose events among high-risk persons. METHODS: Adults at elevated risk for opioid overdose involving heroin or pharmaceutical opioids who had been cared for in an emergency department (ED) were randomised to overdose education combined with a brief behavioural intervention and take-home naloxone or usual care. Outcomes included: (1) time to first opioid overdose-related event resulting in medical attention or death using competing risks survival analysis; and (2) ED visit and hospitalisation rates, using negative binomial regression and adjusting for time at risk...
February 7, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433702/educating-nurses-to-screen-and-intervene-for-intimate-partner-violence-during-pregnancy
#15
Charlene Bermele, Pamela A Andresen, Susan Urbanski
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a problem affecting women and families across the nation, and it has been associated with adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes. Here we describe how our team implemented an evidence-based protocol for the screening of pregnant women for IPV and case management for those experiencing violence. This protocol was implemented on an antepartum triage unit where nurses were educated on IPV, methods for screening pregnant women, and a brief intervention. Education included an online module and a live session with role-playing exercises...
February 2018: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433600/development-and-preliminary-testing-of-the-brief-developmental-assessment-an-early-recognition-tool-for-children-with-heart-disease
#16
Jo Wray, Katherine L Brown, Deborah Ridout, Monica Lakhanpaul, Liz Smith, Angie Scarisbrick, Sara O'Curry, Aparna Hoskote
Introduction Neurodevelopmental abnormalities are common in children with CHD and are the highest-priority concerns for parents and professionals following cardiac surgery in childhood. There is no additional routine monitoring of development for children with CHD in the United Kingdom; hence, neurodevelopmental concerns may be detected late, precluding early referral and intervention. METHODS: An early recognition tool - the "Brief Developmental Assessment" - was developed using quality improvement methodology involving several iterations and rounds of pilot testing...
February 13, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433493/protocol-for-the-individual-placement-and-support-ips-in-pain-trial-a-randomized-controlled-trial-investigating-the-effectiveness-of-ips-for-patients-with-chronic-pain
#17
Lene Therese B Linnemørken, Vigdis Sveinsdottir, Thomas Knutzen, Linn Rødevand, Kjersti Helene Hernæs, Silje Endresen Reme
BACKGROUND: Work disability involves large costs to the society as well as to the individual. Work disability is common among people with chronic pain conditions, yet few effective interventions exist. Individual Placement and Support (IPS) is an evidence-based work rehabilitation model originally developed to help people with severe mental illness obtain and maintain employment. The effectiveness of IPS for patients with severe mental illness is well documented, but the model has never before been tested for patients with chronic pain...
February 13, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433442/is-problem-alcohol-use-being-detected-and-treated-in-irish-general-practice
#18
Andrew O'Regan, Walter Cullen, Louise Hickey, David Meagher, Ailish Hannigan
BACKGROUND: The pattern of alcohol consumption in Ireland has serious societal and health consequences. General practice is well placed to screen for problem alcohol use and to carry out brief interventions. The aims of this study were to investigate the prevalence of documentation of problem alcohol use in patient records in Irish general practice, and to describe the documentation of its diagnosis and treatment. METHODS: General practitioners (GPs) affiliated with an Irish medical school were invited to participate in the study...
February 12, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432630/promoting-documentation-of-suicidality-in-a-family-medicine-residency-clinic
#19
Michelle D Sherman, Kathryn Justesen, Eneniziaogochukwu A Okocha
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Careful assessment of depression and suicidality are important given their prevalence and consequences for quality of life. Our study evaluated the impact of an educational intervention in a family medicine residency clinic on rates of provider documentation regarding suicidality. METHODS: We offered two brief workshops to our clinic staff and created two standardized charting templates to empower and educate providers. One template used with the patient during the clinic visit elicited key factors (eg, plan, intent, barriers) and offered treatment plan options...
February 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432074/an-opioid-overdose-curriculum-for-medical-residents-impact-on-naloxone-prescribing-knowledge-and-attitudes
#20
Jessica Lee Taylor, Alison B Rapoport, Christopher F Rowley, Kenneth J Mukamal, Wendy Stead
BACKGROUND: Despite escalating opioid overdose death rates, addiction medicine is underrepresented in residency curricula. Providing naloxone to at-risk patients, relatives, and first responders reduces overdose deaths, but rates of naloxone prescribing remain low. The goal of this study is to examine the impact of a brief curricular intervention for internal medicine residents on naloxone prescribing rates, knowledge, and attitudes. METHODS: Internal medicine residents (n = 160) at an urban, tertiary care medical center received two one-hour didactic sessions addressing overdose prevention, including intranasal naloxone...
February 12, 2018: Substance Abuse
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