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Brief intervention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223544/does-clinic-visit-education-within-a-multidisciplinary-center-improve-health-literacy-scores-in-caregivers-of-children-with-complex-colorectal-conditions
#1
Alexander J M Dingemans, Carlos A Reck, Alejandra Vilanova-Sanchez, Dani O Gonzalez, Alessandra C Gasior, Laura J Weaver, Renae Gagnon, Erin Hoover, Gabriel Sraha, Marc A Levitt, Richard J Wood
INTRODUCTION: Health literacy is low in an estimated one-third of the US population. Little is known about the health literacy of caregivers of children with colorectal conditions. The objective of this study was to investigate whether a timed health literacy intervention could improve health literacy in this population. METHODS: We used the BRIEF Health Literacy screening (BHLS) tool on caregivers of children who came to our colorectal clinic. Health literacy was categorized as inadequate, marginal, or adequate...
December 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222078/texting-condolences-adapting-mhealth-programs-after-unexpected-pregnancy-and-infant-outcomes
#2
Jennifer A Unger, John Kinuthia, Grace John-Stewart
Mobile health (mHealth) short message system (SMS) interventions for maternal and child health (MCH) are being implemented globally. In many low- and middle-income settings in which these mHealth interventions are being rolled out, stillbirths and neonatal and infant deaths are common. It is important that mHealth solutions do not exacerbate emotional stress and pain by continuing with routine messaging for pregnancy or infant care when someone has experienced loss. In this brief viewpoint paper, we argue that SMS programs for maternal and child health need to adapt and make available messaging for miscarriage, stillbirth, and infant loss...
December 8, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220628/autobiographical-narration-as-a-tool-for-the-empowerment-of-older-adults-subjective-and-psychological-wellbeing-in-nursing-homes
#3
Federica Biassoni, Giada Cassina, Stefania Balzarotti
OBJECTIVES: Conceiving narration as a resource to promote older people's wellbeing, the present work aimed to implement a narrative-based intervention to empower the subjective and psychological wellbeing of older adults living in nursing homes. METHODS: Twenty-one nursing-home residents took part in a narrative training experience consisting of three weekly interview sessions. During each interview, a psychologist helped the participants to construct an autobiographical narrative about their present life in the nursing home based on a Deconstruction-Reconstruction technique...
September 20, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217485/developmental-origins-of-adult-health-and-disease-the-metabolic-role-of-bdnf-from-early-life-to-adulthood
#4
REVIEW
Despina D Briana, Ariadne Malamitsi-Puchner
Accumulating evidence suggests that the origins of adult disease may occur during fetal life. Thus, the concept of "developmental programming" has been introduced and supported by epidemiological and experimental data. This concept supports the idea that the nutritional and hormonal status during pregnancy could interfere in metabolism control. The mechanisms responsible for this "developmental programming" remain poorly documented. Current research indicates that neurotrophins and particularly brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) may play a crucial role in this process...
December 4, 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216745/differential-experimental-effects-of-a-short-bout-of-walking-meditation-or-combination-of-walking-and-meditation-on-state-anxiety-among-young-adults
#5
Meghan K Edwards, Simon Rosenbaum, Paul D Loprinzi
INTRODUCTION: Single bouts of aerobic exercise and meditation have been shown to improve anxiety states. Yet to be evaluated in the literature, we sought to examine the effects of a single, short bout of aerobic exercise or meditation, as well as exercise and meditation combined on state anxiety among young adults. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: University. SUBJECTS: Participants (N = 110, mean age = 21...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216608/short-term-effects-of-brief-need-based-psychoeducation-on-knowledge-self-stigma-and-burden-among-siblings-of-persons-with-schizophrenia-a-prospective-controlled-trial
#6
Anekal C Amaresha, Sunil Vasu Kalmady, Boban Joseph, Sri Mahavir Agarwal, Janardhanan C Narayanaswamy, Ganesan Venkatasubramanian, Daliboina Muralidhar, Doddaballapura K Subbakrishna
Siblings of persons with schizophrenia are important in providing long-term social support to the patients. Interventions addressing their needs are very sparse. Hence, this study aimed at testing the short-term effects of brief need based psychoeducation on knowledge, self-stigma, and burden among siblings of persons with schizophrenia. In this prospective controlled open label trial, 80 siblings of persons with schizophrenia were allocated in equal numbers to the brief need based psychoeducation group and the treatment-as-usual group...
December 2, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214229/feasibility-trial-of-a-psychoeducational-intervention-for-parents-with-personality-difficulties-the-helping-families-programme
#7
Crispin Day, Jackie Briskman, Mike J Crawford, Lucy Harris, Paul McCrone, Mary McMurran, Paul Moran, Lou Morgan, Stephen Scott, Daniel Stahl, Paul Ramchandani, Timothy Weaver
The Helping Families Programme is a psychoeducational parenting intervention that aims to improve outcomes and engagement for parents affected by clinically significant personality difficulties. This is achieved by working collaboratively with parents to explore ways in which their emotional and relational difficulties impact on parenting and child functioning, and to identify meaningful and realistic goals for change. The intervention is delivered via one-to-one sessions at weekly intervals over a period of 16 weeks...
December 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212532/delivery-of-screening-and-brief-intervention-for-unhealthy-alcohol-use-in-an-urban-academic-federally-qualified-health-center
#8
Marcus A Bachhuber, Megan A O'Grady, Henry Chung, Charles J Neighbors, Joseph DeLuca, Elenita M D'Aloia, Arelis Diaz, Chinazo O Cunningham
BACKGROUND: Screening and brief intervention (SBI) for unhealthy drinking has not been widely implemented in primary care partly due to reliance on physicians to perform it. METHODS: We implemented a model of nursing staff-delivered SBI for unhealthy drinking for adult patients receiving primary care at an academically-affiliated Federally Qualified Health Center in the Bronx, NY. Our model consisted of nursing staff screening all patients with the alcohol use disorders identification test consumption questions (AUDIT-C) and, if screening positive, providing BI or referral to specialty services...
December 7, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212415/effects-of-cognitive-remediation-on-cognitive-and-social-functions-in-individuals-with-schizophrenia
#9
Akihiko Katsumi, Hiroshi Hoshino, Satoshi Fujimoto, Hirooki Yabe, Emi Ikebuchi, Kazuyuki Nakagome, Shin-Ichi Niwa
Individuals with schizophrenia exhibit cognitive impairments, which are related to impairments in social functions. This study investigated the effects of cognitive remediation on cognitive, social, and daily living impairment. Participants were individuals with schizophrenia between 20 and 60 years old (N = 44). Participants were randomly assigned to two groups: a cognitive remediation intervention group and a non-intervention control group. The control group was provided with conventional drug therapy and either day care or occupational therapy...
December 7, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211509/pharmacist-based-antihypertensive-medication-review-and-assignment-of-morning-versus-evening-dosing-of-once-daily-antihypertensive-medications-a-pilot-study-to-assess-feasibility-and-efficacy-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients
#10
Julia R Smith, Lisa Hillman, Paul E Drawz
Evening dosing of antihypertensive medications lowers nighttime blood pressure, and in one large randomized trial, it reduced the risk for cardiovascular outcomes. However, the feasibility of nighttime dosing in routine clinical practice is unknown. The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the effect of a brief pharmacist intervention to assign patients to take antihypertensive medications at specific times of the day. In this pilot, randomized controlled trial, 79 patients with moderate to severe chronic kidney disease (CKD) taking one or more antihypertensive medications once daily were randomized to take one once-daily antihypertensive either in the morning or in the evening...
December 6, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211305/improving-bone-health-in-men-with-prostate-cancer-receiving-androgen-deprivation-therapy-results-of-a-randomized-phase-2-trial
#11
Shabbir M H Alibhai, Henriette Breunis, Narhari Timilshina, Maryam S Hamidi, Angela M Cheung, George A Tomlinson, Tharsika Manokumar, Osai Samadi, Joanna Sandoval, Sara Durbano, Padraig Warde, Jennifer M Jones
BACKGROUND: Strategies to improve bone health care in men receiving androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) are not consistently implemented. The authors conducted a phase 2 randomized controlled trial of 2 education-based models-of-care interventions to determine their feasibility and ability to improve bone health care. METHODS: A single-center parallel-group randomized controlled trial of men with prostate cancer who were receiving ADT was performed. Participants were randomized 1:1:1 to 1) a patient bone health pamphlet and brief recommendations for their family physician (BHP+FP); 2) a BHP and support from a bone health care coordinator (BHP+BHCC); or 3) usual care...
December 6, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208478/pilot-testing-of-a-brief-couple-based-mind-body-intervention-for-patients-with-metastatic-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-and-their-partners
#12
Kathrin Milbury, Rosalinda Engle, Anne Tsao, Zhongxing Liao, April Owens, Alejandro Chaoul, Eduardo Bruera, Lorenzo Cohen
CONTEXT: Given the generally incurable nature of metastatic lung cancer, patients and their spouses/partners are at risk for psychological and spiritual distress. To address this concern, we developed a couple-based mind-body (CBMB) intervention. OBJECTIVES: This formative research was aimed at examining the intervention's acceptability and initial efficacy in patients with metastatic lung cancer undergoing treatment and their spouses. METHODS: Intervention content evaluation sessions and an ensuing single-arm trial were conducted...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208322/face-mask-leak-with-nasal-cannula-during-noninvasive-positive-pressure-ventilation-a-randomized-crossover-trial
#13
Derek J Brown, Stephen M Carroll, Michael D April
BACKGROUND: Nasal cannula can achieve apneic oxygenation during emergency intubation. However, pre-procedure nasal cannula placement may be difficult in patients undergoing non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) prior to intubation. Our objective was to compare mask leak during NPPV with versus without simultaneous application of nasal cannula. We hypothesized mask leak would be no worse with concomitant use of nasal cannula (non-inferiority design). METHODS: We performed a randomized crossover non-inferiority study of healthy volunteers...
December 2, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208017/a-multisession-evaluation-of-an-adaptive-competitive-arm-rehabilitation-game
#14
Maja Goršič, Imre Cikajlo, Nika Goljar, Domen Novak
BACKGROUND: People with neurological injuries such as stroke should exercise frequently and intensely to regain their motor abilities, but are generally hindered by lack of motivation. One way to increase motivation in rehabilitation is through competitive exercises, but such exercises have only been tested in single brief sessions and usually did not adapt difficulty to the patient's abilities. METHODS: We designed a competitive arm rehabilitation game for two players that dynamically adapts its difficulty to both players' abilities...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206703/palliative-care-needs-of-heart-failure-patients-in-china-putting-people-first
#15
Ping Guo, Richard Harding, Irene J Higginson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recognizing the rising prevalence of heart failure in China, patients with heart failure have substantial palliative needs. This review highlights recent evidence on the epidemic of heart failure, identifies needs and potential benefit of palliative care in heart failure, and sets future strategic policy and research directions in China. RECENT FINDINGS: Epidemiological studies demonstrate the prevalence of heart failure among women is higher than men in China and increases substantially with age...
November 27, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206274/predictors-of-return-to-work-in-patients-with-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Randi Brendbekken, Arild Vaktskjold, Anette Harris, Tone Tangen
OBJECTIVE: To assess the predictive effect of a multidisciplinary intervention programme, pain, work-related factors and health, including anxiety/depression and beliefs, on return-to-work for patients sick-listed due to musculoskeletal pain. DESIGN: A randomized clinical study. METHODS: A total of 284 patients were randomized to either a multidisciplinary intervention programme (n = 141) or to a less resource-demanding brief intervention (n = 143)...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206262/sbirt-education-for-nurse-practitioner-students-integration-into-an-msn-program
#17
Jeanne Moore, Petra Goodman, Janet Selway, Elizabeth Hawkins-Walsh, Janet Merritt, Jill Dombrowski
BACKGROUND: Substance use disorders are a major public health problem. As primary care providers, nurse practitioners (NPs) must be proficient at screening, identifying, and intervening for at-risk patients. Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) is a well-established, evidence-based model for teaching behavioral health skills to health care providers. It is vital that Master of Science in Nursing (MSN)-NP programs incorporate SBIRT into their curricula. METHOD: SBIRT content was mapped to 10 courses across an MSN-NP program...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205739/the-use-of-psychiatry-focused-simulation-in-undergraduate-nursing-education-a-systematic-search-and-review
#18
REVIEW
Amanda D Vandyk, Michelle Lalonde, Sabrina Merali, Erica Wright, Irmajean Bajnok, Barbara Davies
Evidence on the use of simulation to teach psychiatry and mental health (including addiction) content is emerging, yet no summary of the implementation processes or associated outcomes exists. The aim of this study was to systematically search and review empirical literature on the use of psychiatry-focused simulation in undergraduate nursing education. Objectives were to (i) assess the methodological quality of existing evidence on the use of simulation to teach mental health content to undergraduate nursing students, (ii) describe the operationalization of the simulations, and (iii) summarize the associated quantitative and qualitative outcomes...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204062/hepatitis-b-virus-outreach-to-immigrant-population-in-greater-boston-area-key-to-improving-hepatitis-b-knowledge
#19
Raissa Djoufack, Scarlett Se Yun Cheon, Aisha Mohamed, Fatou Faye, Korka Diouf, Richard Colvin, James Morrill, Ann-Marie Duffy-Keane, Ponni Perumalswami, Gonzague Jourdain, Dahlene Fusco
AIM: To characterize the understanding of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and determine if outreach improves HBV understanding among Greater Boston Area immigrants. METHODS: Six outreach sessions were held in various community venues in the Greater Boston Area. Verbal consent was obtained from participants prior to starting each session. Each session included a pre-session questionnaire, followed by a teaching session, and then a post-session questionnaire. In person interpreters were present for translation during the teaching session and assistance for questionnaire completion when needed...
November 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200046/undergraduate-nursing-students-perceptions-of-individuals-with-drug-use-problems-confirming-the-factor-structure-of-the-drug-and-drug-problems-perception-questionnaire
#20
Khadejah F Mahmoud, Lauren Terhorst, Dawn Lindsay, Kathryn R Puskar, Ann M Mitchell
The Drug and Drug Problems Perception Questionnaire (DDPPQ) is a multidimensional instrument that measures healthcare providers' attitudes toward working with patients who use drugs. Five- and six-subscale versions of the DDPPQ have been published. Although the reliability of the DDPPQ subscales was reported to be satisfactory, the factor structure of either version was not validated by a confirmatory factor analysis. The aim of this study was to examine the internal factor structure of the 22-item DDPPQ instrument using a sample of undergraduate nursing students...
October 2017: Journal of Addictions Nursing
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