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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211834/is-active-design-changing-the-workplace-a-natural-pre-post-experiment-looking-at-health-behaviour-and-workplace-perceptions
#1
Lina Engelen, Josephine Chau, Erika Bohn-Goldbaum, Sarah Young, Dominique Hespe, Adrian Bauman
BACKGROUND: Active Design is a relatively new concept and evaluation on its effects on healthy behaviour is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To investigate Active Design influence on workplace physical activity, sedentary behaviour, musculoskeletal complaints, and perceptions of the workplace and productivity. METHODS: Participants (n = 118 adults) moving from 14 workplaces into a new building completed an online questionnaire pre- and post-move. The questions related to health behaviours (physical activity, sitting time and sleep); musculoskeletal issues; perceptions of the office environment; productivity; and engagement...
February 17, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211056/targeted-mass-media-interventions-promoting-healthy-behaviours-to-reduce-risk-of-non-communicable-diseases-in-adult-ethnic-minorities
#2
REVIEW
Annhild Mosdøl, Ingeborg B Lidal, Gyri H Straumann, Gunn E Vist
BACKGROUND: Physical activity, a balanced diet, avoidance of tobacco exposure, and limited alcohol consumption may reduce morbidity and mortality from non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Mass media interventions are commonly used to encourage healthier behaviours in population groups. It is unclear whether targeted mass media interventions for ethnic minority groups are more or less effective in changing behaviours than those developed for the general population. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of mass media interventions targeting adult ethnic minorities with messages about physical activity, dietary patterns, tobacco use or alcohol consumption to reduce the risk of NCDs...
February 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210964/exploring-partners-experiences-in-living-with-patients-who-undergo-bariatric-surgery
#3
Anna Wallwork, Lynn Tremblay, Monica Chi, Sanjeev Sockalingam
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is effective in assisting persons with severe obesity in achieving significant weight loss and improved health; however, success depends on one's lifelong commitment to lifestyle modifications post-operatively. Life partners can be essential to the success of bariatric patients as they can serve as a primary resource to patients and healthcare teams. This study aimed to explore bariatric patients' partner's experiences in order to help inform clinical practice in bariatric care to better address patient and partner needs...
February 16, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209704/collaborative-team-based-health-promotion-in-a-primary-care-setting-the-move-program
#4
Douglas Klein, Matt Kallio, Serena Humphries, Madiha Mueen
OBJECTIVE: To assess a primary care-based, physician-led physical activity program for primary care patients. DESIGN: Initial assessment of a physical activity program for feasibility, patient satisfaction, and effectiveness. SETTING: A primary care network in Edmonton, Alta. PARTICIPANTS: Patients from the primary care network. INTERVENTION: The MOVE program is a primary care-based, physician-led physical activity program for primary care patients, collaboratively offered by an FP and a kinesiologist...
February 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208883/fostering-educational-research-among-medical-teachers-evaluation-of-a-faculty-development-program-in-india
#5
Tripti K Srivastava, Lalitbhushan S Waghmare, Alka Rawekar, Ved Prakash Mishra
INTRODUCTION: Medical education can be enormously benefitted from research. Since clinicians/medical teachers are directly involved in teaching learning processes, they should participate in Educational Research (ER) practices to generate evidence and insights about teaching learning. Faculty Development Program (FDP) has a positive influence amongst health professionals and therefore can prove to be of consequence in instilling a strong educational research culture. AIM: Present study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of a Faculty Development Fellowship Program in Medical Education to foster educational research culture amongst medical teachers...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202940/mitochondrial-behaviour-throughout-the-lytic-cycle-of-toxoplasma-gondii
#6
Jana Ovciarikova, Leandro Lemgruber, Krista L Stilger, William J Sullivan, Lilach Sheiner
Mitochondria distribution in cells controls cellular physiology in health and disease. Here we describe the mitochondrial morphology and positioning found in the different stages of the lytic cycle of the eukaryotic single-cell parasite Toxoplasma gondii. The lytic cycle, driven by the tachyzoite life stage, is responsible for acute toxoplasmosis. It is known that whilst inside a host cell the tachyzoite maintains its single mitochondrion at its periphery. We found that upon parasite transition from the host cell to the extracellular matrix, mitochondrion morphology radically changes, resulting in a reduction in peripheral proximity...
February 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193618/incorporating-cancer-risk-information-into-general-practice-a-qualitative-study-using-focus-groups-with-health-professionals
#7
Juliet A Usher-Smith, Barbora Silarova, Alison Ward, Jane Youell, Kenneth R Muir, Jackie Campbell, Joanne Warcaba
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that approximately 40% of all cases of cancer are attributable to lifestyle factors. Providing people with personalised information about their future risk of cancer may help promote behaviour change. AIM: To explore the views of health professionals on incorporating personalised cancer risk information, based on lifestyle factors, into general practice. DESIGN AND SETTING: Qualitative study using data from six focus groups with a total of 24 general practice health professionals from the NHS Nene Clinical Commissioning Group in England...
February 13, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193255/a-narrative-synthesis-of-factors-that-affect-women-speaking-up-about-early-warning-signs-and-symptoms-of-pre-eclampsia-and-responses-of-healthcare-staff
#8
Wendy Carter, Debra Bick, Nicola Mackintosh, Jane Sandall
BACKGROUND: One of the challenges for treating pre-eclampsia and preventing further deterioration is determining how best to enable early detection. If women or their partners and families are able to raise early warnings about potential signs and symptoms of pre-eclampsia in pregnancy, birth and in the postnatal period, women may be able to receive earlier intervention to prevent severe pre-eclampsia from developing. The aim of this study was to improve understanding of factors affecting the ability of women to recognise symptoms and signs of pre-eclampsia/eclampsia and seek appropriate medical help and factors affecting health care professionals' responses to women and their families who 'speak up' about early warning signs and symptoms...
February 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192219/a-qualitative-study-of-overweight-and-obese-australians-views-of-food-addiction
#9
A J Cullen, A Barnett, P A Komesaroff, W Brown, K S O'Brien, W Hall, A Carter
The concept of food addiction is increasingly used in the academic literature and popular media to explain some forms of overweight and obesity. However, there is limited evidence on how this term is understood by and impacts overweight and obese individuals. This qualitative study investigated the views of overweight and obese individuals on food addiction, and its likely impact upon stigma, treatment-seeking, and support for public policies to reduce overeating. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 23 overweight and obese individuals (Mage = 38, MBMI = 33, 74% female) and analysed thematically...
February 10, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191545/the-future-of-mobile-health-applications-and-devices-in-cardiovascular-health
#10
Heval Mohamed Kelli, Bradley Witbrodt, Amit Shah
Mobile health (mHealth) is the utilisation of mobile technologies in healthcare and has particular relevance in improving lifestyle behaviours which may ultimately reduce cardiovascular disease risk. Various intervention studies for example integrate self-monitoring of diet and physical activity with text messaging systems to improve intermediate outcomes. Currently the future progress of mHealth technologies in formal diagnostic and therapeutic roles is pending and includes the need to validate and standardise accelerometer and heart rate data from various devices...
January 2017: Euro Med J Innov
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187721/assessing-the-link-between-witnessing-inter-parental-violence-and-the-perpetration-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-bangladesh
#11
Md Jahirul Islam, Mosiur Rahman, Lisa Broidy, Syed Emdadul Haque, Yu Mon Saw, Nguyen Huu Chau Duc, Md Nurruzzaman Haque, Md Mostafizur Rahman, Md Rafiqul Islam, Md Golam Mostofa
BACKGROUND: We aimed to examine the influence of witnessing father-to-mother violence on: 1) perpetration of intimate partner violence (IPV); and 2) endorsement of attitudes justifying wife beating in Bangladesh. METHODS: This paper used data from the 2007 Bangladesh Demographic Health Survey. The analyses were based on the responses of 3374 ever-married men. Exposure to IPV was determined by men's self-reports of witnessing inter-parental violence in childhood...
February 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187718/an-education-programme-influencing-health-professionals-to-recommend-exercise-to-their-type-2-diabetes-patients-understanding-the-processes-a-case-study-from-oxfordshire-uk
#12
Anne Matthews, Natasha Jones, Alastair Thomas, Perdy van den Berg, Charlie Foster
BACKGROUND: Increasing levels of physical activity decreases the risk of premature mortality associated with chronic diseases e.g., coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, stroke. Despite this, most adults in England do not meet physical activity guidelines. Physical activity advice and signposting offered to at-risk patients by primary care providers is recommended. However, exercise medicine education is sparse, leading to poor practitioner knowledge of the risk reduction evidence and strategies to implement effective patient behaviour change...
February 11, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186827/exploration-of-the-perceived-and-actual-benefits-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-the-impact-of-fads1-and-fads2-genetic-information-on-dietary-intake-and-blood-levels-of-epa-and-dha
#13
Kaitlin Roke
From a global health perspective, increased intake of omega-3 fatty acids (FAs), in particular eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), are beneficial for human health. However, the consumption of EPA- and DHA-rich foods such as fatty fish is low in the Western diet. Therefore, finding new ways to motivate people to increase their consumption of omega-3 FAs is essential. To find effective ways to motivate individuals, understanding people's awareness of omega-3 FAs and how they obtain their knowledge about nutrition and health is critical...
February 10, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186073/pok%C3%A3-mon-go-ubiquitous-computing-delivering-better-health-or-co-incidental-health-benefits-from-technology-use-a-participatory-observational-study
#14
Kwang Chien Yee, Ming Chao Wong, Paul Turner
Stimulating sustained behavioural change through information and technology has been an aim of much health informatics research. Traditional approaches use technology to mediate communications between health professionals and patients. More recent lifestyle technologies engage the patient directly with information and advice - but what of the phenomena that is Pokémon Go - does it point to another way of achieving health benefits through fun? This paper aims to explore some of the conceptual questions for health informatics stimulated by the phenomenal popularity of Pokémon Go...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185268/interventions-for-raising-breast-cancer-awareness-in-women
#15
REVIEW
Máirín O'Mahony, Harry Comber, Tony Fitzgerald, Mark A Corrigan, Eileen Fitzgerald, Elizabeth A Grunfeld, Maura G Flynn, Josephine Hegarty
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer continues to be the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women globally. Early detection, diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer are key to better outcomes. Since many women will discover a breast cancer symptom themselves, it is important that they are breast cancer aware i.e. have the knowledge, skills and confidence to detect breast changes and present promptly to a healthcare professional. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of interventions for raising breast cancer awareness in women...
February 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183809/specifying-the-content-of-home-based-health-behaviour-change-interventions-for-older-people-with-frailty-or-at-risk-of-frailty-an-exploratory-systematic-review
#16
Benjamin Gardner, Ana Jovicic, Celia Belk, Kalpa Kharicha, Steve Iliffe, Jill Manthorpe, Claire Goodman, Vari M Drennan, Kate Walters
OBJECTIVES: To identify trials of home-based health behaviour change interventions for frail older people, describe intervention content and explore its potential contribution to intervention effects. DESIGN: 15 bibliographic databases, and reference lists and citations of key papers, were searched for randomised controlled trials of home-based behavioural interventions reporting behavioural or health outcomes. SETTING: Participants' homes...
February 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181344/people-with-epilepsy-obtain-added-value-from-education-in-groups-results-of-a-qualitative-study
#17
L Ridsdale, S J Philpott, A-M Krooupa, M Morgan
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Having epilepsy requires individuals to learn about self-management. So far, trials of self-management courses have not included in-depth qualitative evaluations of how the learning method influences participants' perceptions and behaviour. We aimed to interview participants who had attended a course, as part of a randomized controlled trial, to examine: (i) their perceptions of what they valued and negative aspects of the intervention, and (ii) whether and in what ways they continued to make use of the training...
February 9, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181268/developing-an-instrument-to-measure-emotional-behaviour-abilities-of-meaningful-learning-through-the-delphi-technique
#18
Lucia Cadorin, Annamaria Bagnasco, Angela Tolotti, Nicola Pagnucci, Loredana Sasso
AIM: To identify items for a new instrument that measures emotional behaviour abilities of Meaningful Learning, according to Fink's Taxonomy. BACKGROUND: Meaningful Learning is an active process that promotes a wider and deeper understanding of concepts. It is the result of an interaction between new and prior knowledge and produces a long-term change of knowledge and skills. To measure Meaningful Learning capability, it is very important in the education of health professionals to identify problems or special learning needs...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179108/revisiting-metchnikoff-age-related-alterations-in-microbiota-gut-brain-axis-in-the-mouse
#19
Karen A Scott, Masayuki Ida, Veronica L Peterson, Jack A Prenderville, Gerard M Moloney, Takayuki Izumo, Kiera Murphy, Amy Murphy, R Paul Ross, Catherine Stanton, Timothy G Dinan, John F Cryan
Over the last decade, there has been increased interest in the role of the gut microbiome in health including brain health. This is by no means a new theory; Elie Metchnikoff proposed over a century ago that targeting the gut by consuming lactic acid bacteria such as those in yogurt, could improve or delay the onset of cognitive decline associated with ageing. However, there is limited information characterising the relationship between the behavioural and physiological sequelae of aging and alterations in the gut microbiome...
February 4, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178990/review-of-behaviour-change-interventions-to-reduce-population-salt-intake
#20
REVIEW
Kathy Trieu, Emma McMahon, Joseph Alvin Santos, Adrian Bauman, Kellie-Ann Jolly, Bruce Bolam, Jacqui Webster
BACKGROUND: Excess salt intake is a major cause of raised blood pressure-the leading risk factor for death and disability worldwide. Although behaviour change interventions such as awareness campaigns and health education programs are implemented to reduce salt intake, their effectiveness is unclear. This global systematic review investigates the impact of population-level behaviour change interventions that aim to reduce salt intake. METHODS: A search for published and grey literature was conducted using PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, Web of Science, Sage, Scopus, OpenGrey, Google Scholar and other relevant organizations' websites...
February 8, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
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