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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345430/planning-for-sedentary-behaviour-interventions-office-workers-survey-and-focus-group-responses
#1
Teneale McGuckin, Rebecca Sealey, Fiona Barnett
AIMS: As sedentary behaviour is becoming more prominent in office-based work environments, this study aimed to explore office workers' perceptions of sedentary behaviour, explore potential behavioural strategies to reduce sedentary behaviour in the workplace and identify barriers which may hamper behaviour change. METHODS: A total of 140 office workers were recruited and surveyed from the same workplace. The survey included questions regarding perceptions of the relationship between sitting time and health...
March 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345258/locus-of-control-and-frequency-of-physician-visits-results-of-a-population-based-longitudinal-study-in-germany
#2
André Hajek, Hans-Helmut König
OBJECTIVES: To examine the role of internal and external locus of control (LOC) in the frequency of physician visits longitudinally. DESIGN: A nationally representative, longitudinal cohort study of German households. Data were used from the years 2005 and 2010. METHODS: Data were gathered from the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP). The ten internal and external LOC items in the SOEP are based on a scale by Krampen. The number of physician visits in the last 3 months was used as outcome variable...
March 27, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341236/use-of-behaviour-change-techniques-in-lifestyle-change-interventions-for-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Mariël Willems, Thessa I M Hilgenkamp, Else Havik, Aly Waninge, Craig A Melville
BACKGROUND: People with intellectual disabilities (ID) experience more health problems and have different lifestyle change needs, compared with the general population. AIMS: To improve lifestyle change interventions for people with ID, this review examined how behaviour change techniques (BCTs) were applied in interventions aimed at physical activity, nutrition or physical activity and nutrition, and described their quality. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: After a broad search and detailed selection process, 45 studies were included in the review...
January 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339847/telephone-delivered-exercise-advice-and-behavior-change-support-by-physical-therapists-for-people-with-knee-osteoarthritis-protocol-for-the-telecare-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Rana S Hinman, Belinda J Lawford, Penny K Campbell, Andrew M Briggs, Janette Gale, Caroline Bills, Simon D French, Jessica Kasza, Andrew Forbes, Anthony Harris, Stephen J Bunker, Clare M Delany, Kim L Bennell
Background.: Exercise and physical activity are a core component of knee osteoarthritis (OA) care, yet access to physical therapists is limited for many people. Telephone service delivery models may increase access. Objective.: Determine the effectiveness of incorporating exercise advice and behaviour change support by physical therapists into an existing Australian nurse-led musculoskeletal telephone service for adults with knee OA. Design.: Randomized controlled trial with nested qualitative studies...
March 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338037/psychological-approaches-to-behaviour-for-improving-plaque-control
#5
Brett Duane
Data sourcesThe Cochrane Oral Health Groups Trial Register, Medline, Embase and PsycINFO.Study selectionRandomised controlled trials (RCTs), controlled clinical trials (CCTs), cohort studies or case-control studies were considered. Only studies in patients aged 18 or older with pre-existing periodontal disease and clearly stating a psychological model or theory had been used were included. Studies exploring smoking cessation were not included.Data extraction and synthesisAll data were collected by a single author using pre-decided parameters...
March 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337818/exploration-of-information-and-support-needs-in-relation-to-health-concerns-diet-and-physical-activity-in-colorectal-cancer-survivors
#6
S J Hardcastle, C Maxwell-Smith, M S Hagger, M O'Connor, C Platell
The purpose of the current study was to explore colorectal cancer survivors' information and support needs in relation to health concerns and health behaviour change. Face-to-face interviews were conducted with participants who had completed active treatment for cancer within the previous 2 years. Participants were colorectal cancer survivors (N = 24, men = 11, women = 13 M, age = 69.38 years, SD = 4.19) recruited from a hospital in Perth, Australia on the basis that they had existing morbidities that put them at increased risk of cardiovascular disease...
March 24, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337091/a-survey-of-disposition-of-physicians-towards-physical-activity-promotion-at-two-tertiary-hospitals-in-north-eastern-nigeria
#7
A Y Oyeyemi, R B Usman, A L Oyeyemi
BACKGROUND: A general presumption is that any advice from physicians would likely be taken seriously by patients, and patients are more likely to see their doctors in the event of any health complaints than any other health professionals. The perceptions and practice of Nigerian physicians on their role in physical activity promotion are not well known. This study aimed to determine the knowledge of physical activity message, confidence, role perceptions, barriers and feasibility of physical activity promotion among physicians in two tertiary health institutions in North-Eastern Nigeria...
December 2016: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335519/translating-developmental-origins-improving-the-health-of-women-and-their-children-using-a-sustainable-approach-to-behaviour-change
#8
Mary Barker, Janis Baird, Tannaze Tinati, Christina Vogel, Sofia Strömmer, Taylor Rose, Rufia Begum, Megan Jarman, Jenny Davies, Sue Thompson, Liz Taylor, Hazel Inskip, Cyrus Cooper, Don Nutbeam, Wendy Lawrence
Theories of the developmental origins of health and disease imply that optimising the growth and development of babies is an essential route to improving the health of populations. A key factor in the growth of babies is the nutritional status of their mothers. Since women from more disadvantaged backgrounds have poorer quality diets and the worst pregnancy outcomes, they need to be a particular focus. The behavioural sciences have made a substantial contribution to the development of interventions to support dietary changes in disadvantaged women...
March 20, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334856/evaluating-the-effects-of-organizational-and-educational-interventions-on-adherence-to-clinical-practice-guidelines-in-a-low-resource-primary-care-setting-in-kenya
#9
Joseph R Egger, Kayla Stankevitz, Robert Korom, Philip Angwenyi, Brittney Sullivan, Jun Wang, Sonia Hatfield, Emma Smith, Karishma Popli, Jessica Gross
Background: Mid-level care providers serve as the backbone of primary care in many parts of sub-Saharan Africa. Despite this, research suggests that the quality and consistency of this care is uneven. This study assessed the degree to which a set of four simple, low-cost interventions could improve adherence to a set of clinical quality measures (CQMs) associated with four common health conditions seen in a resource-constrained primary care setting. Methods: A quasi-experimental, longitudinal study was carried out in three primary care clinics in Nairobi, Kenya from August 2014 to January, 2015...
March 15, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333551/effect-of-a-group-behavioural-management-program-on-emotional-regulation-of-food-choices-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Danuta Southgate, Michelle Greiver, Greg Hubka, Kori Kostka, Rahim Moineddin, Marjan Moienedin, James Pencharz, Heather Bogetta, Claudia Mazariegos, Jo-Anne Guindon, Andrea Petroff
PURPOSE: In Ontario, group programs to increase mindfulness of food choices are provided in Family Health Teams (FHTs), but evaluation is limited. We targeted patients with chronic conditions that could benefit from intensified management and evaluated an existing program. METHODS: We included 3 FHTs. Patients were randomized to immediate participation in the intervention (n = 16) or to wait-list control (n = 14). Eligible participants were between 40 and 70 years old, living with diabetes and/or hypertension and had at least 2 of: elevated cholesterol (LDL >4 if hypertension or LDL >2 mmol/L if diabetes), blood sugar (A1c >7...
March 23, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333371/structure-dependent-behaviours-of-skin-layers-studied-by-atomic-force-microscopy
#11
A C Chang, B H Liu, P L Shao, J D Liao
The multilayer skin provides the physical resistance and strength against the environmental attacks, and consequently plays a significant role in maintaining the mammalian health. Currently, optical microscopy (OM) is the most common method for the research related to skin tissues while with the drawbacks including the possibility of changing the native morphology of the sample with the addition of the chemical or immunological staining and the restricted resolution of images for the direct observation of the tissue structures...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Microscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333334/a-mixed-method-evaluation-of-peer-education-workshops-for-school-aged-children-to-teach-about-antibiotics-microbes-and-hygiene
#12
Vicki L Young, Amy Cole, Donna M Lecky, Dennis Fettis, Beth Pritchard, Neville Q Verlander, Charlotte V Eley, Cliodna A M McNulty
Background: Delivering health topics in schools through peer education is known to be beneficial for all students involved. In this study, we have evaluated a peer-education workshop that aims to educate primary and secondary school students on hygiene, the spread of infection and antibiotics. Methods: Four schools in south-west England, in a range of localities, took part in peer-education workshops, with students completing before, after and knowledge-retention questionnaires...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332259/the-effect-of-mobile-phone-short-message-service-on-maternal-health-in-south-west-nigeria
#13
Oluwatosin Omole, Macellina Y Ijadunola, Ezeomu Olotu, Olorunfemi Omotoso, Bamidele Bello, Olalekan Awoniran, Abimbola Phillips, Adesegun Fatusi
BACKGROUND: The maternal mortality ratio in Nigeria is estimated to be about 814 per 100,000 live births, and deliveries taken outside a health facility have been implicated as a major factor for this high number. Mobile phones interventions are continually being explored in the health field but its usefulness in maternal health in Nigeria has not been widely explored. OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of SMS (text messages) on maternal health behaviour in Ife-Ijesa zone of Osun State, Nigeria...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332203/margins-of-freedom-a-field-theoretic-approach-to-class-based-health-dispositions-and-practices
#14
Patrick John Burnett, Gerry Veenstra
Pierre Bourdieu's theory of practice situates social practices in the relational interplay between experiential mental phenomena (habitus), resources (capitals) and objective social structures (fields). When applied to class-based practices in particular, the overarching field of power within which social classes are potentially made manifest is the primary field of interest. Applying relational statistical techniques to original survey data from Toronto and Vancouver, Canada, we investigated whether smoking, engaging in physical activity and consuming fruit and vegetables are dispersed in a three-dimensional field of power shaped by economic and cultural capitals and cultural dispositions and practices...
March 23, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327086/design-of-the-lifestyle-interventions-for-severe-mentally-ill-outpatients-in-the-netherlands-lion-trial-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-study-of-a-multidimensional-web-tool-intervention-to-improve-cardiometabolic-health-in-patients-with-severe-mental-illness
#15
Anne Looijmans, Frederike Jörg, Richard Bruggeman, Robert Schoevers, Eva Corpeleijn
BACKGROUND: The cardiometabolic health of persons with a severe mental illness (SMI) is alarming with obesity rates of 45-55% and diabetes type 2 rates of 10-15%. Unhealthy lifestyle behaviours play a large role in this. Despite the multidisciplinary guideline for SMI patients recommending to monitor and address patients' lifestyle, most mental health care professionals have limited lifestyle-related knowledge and skills, and (lifestyle) treatment protocols are lacking. Evidence-based practical lifestyle tools may support both patients and staff in improving patients' lifestyle...
March 21, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325494/modelling-h5n1-in-bangladesh-across-spatial-scales-model-complexity-and-zoonotic-transmission-risk
#16
Edward M Hill, Thomas House, Madhur S Dhingra, Wantanee Kalpravidh, Subhash Morzaria, Muzaffar G Osmani, Mat Yamage, Xiangming Xiao, Marius Gilbert, Michael J Tildesley
Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 remains a persistent public health threat, capable of causing infection in humans with a high mortality rate while simultaneously negatively impacting the livestock industry. A central question is to determine regions that are likely sources of newly emerging influenza strains with pandemic causing potential. A suitable candidate is Bangladesh, being one of the most densely populated countries in the world and having an intensifying farming system. It is therefore vital to establish the key factors, specific to Bangladesh, that enable both continued transmission within poultry and spillover across the human-animal interface...
February 21, 2017: Epidemics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322422/use-it-or-lose-it-cognitive-activity-as-a-protec-tive-factor-for-cognitive-decline-associated-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#17
Panagiota Mistridis, Jutta Mata, Stefan Neuner-Jehle, Jean-Marie Annoni, Andreas Biedermann, Irene Bopp-Kistler, Dominique Brand, Andrea Brioschi Guevara, Hedi Decrey-Wick, Jean-François Démonet, Ulrich Hemmeter, Reto W Kressig, Brian Martin, Luca Rampa, Egemen Savaskan, Andreas Stuck, Philipp Tschopp, Dina Zekry, Andreas Monsch
Because of the worldwide aging of populations, Alzheimer's disease and other dementias constitute a devastating experience for patients and families as well as a major social and economic burden for both healthcare systems and society. Multiple potentially modifiable cardiovascular and lifestyle risk factors have been associated with this disease. Thus, modifying these risk factors and identifying protective factors represent important strategies to prevent and delay disease onset and to decrease the social burden...
March 21, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321968/practitioners-experiences-of-adolescent-suicidal-behaviour-in-peer-groups
#18
Stephen Briggs, Thomas Slater, Julia Bowley
INTRODUCTION: Group suicidal behaviour by young people can have harmful effects; it may be increasing, influenced by online media and reported increasing self-harm rates; new knowledge and understanding to inform interventions is required. AIM: To explore how practitioners experience group suicidal behaviour amongst adolescents, how they assess risks/ needs, and how these insights inform understanding about these groups. METHOD: 10 practitioners, including Mental Health Nurses, were interviewed in one multidisciplinary CAMHS, in England...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320732/what-is-the-effect-of-health-coaching-on-physical-activity-participation-in-people-aged-60-years-and-over-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#19
REVIEW
Juliana S Oliveira, Catherine Sherrington, Anita B Amorim, Amabile B Dario, Anne Tiedemann
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is common in older age, yet increased activity benefits older people in terms of preventing chronic disease and maximising independence. Health coaching is a behaviour change intervention that has been shown to increase physical activity in clinical populations. This systematic review and meta-analysis investigated the effect of health coaching on physical activity, mobility, quality of life and mood in older people. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL, PsycINFO, PEDro, SPORTDiscus, LILACS and CINAHL databases were used to identify randomised controlled trials which evaluated the effect of health coaching on physical activity (primary outcome) among people aged 60+...
March 20, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320348/methods-for-conceptualising-visual-ability-as-a-measurable-construct-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#20
Belinda Deramore Denver, Margareta Adolfsson, Elspeth Froude, Peter Rosenbaum, Christine Imms
BACKGROUND: Vision influences functioning and disability of children with cerebral palsy, so there is a growing need for psychometrically robust tools to advance assessment of children's vision abilities in clinical practice and research. Vision is a complex construct, and in the absence of clarity about this construct it is challenging to know whether valid, reliable measures exist. This study reports a method for conceptualising 'visual ability' as a measurable construct. METHODS: Using the items from 19 assessment tools previously identified in a systematic review, this study used a two-phase process: first, deductive content analysis linked items to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health - Child and Youth version (ICF-CY), and second, vision-specific 'Activity'-level items were explored using inductive thematic analysis...
March 21, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
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