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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743560/fertility-and-anogenital-distance-in-women
#1
Tamar Wainstock, Ilana Shoham-Vardi, Eyal Sheiner, Asnat Walfisch
BACKGROUND: Human and animal studies have found an association between prenatal androgen exposure and the anogenital distance (AGD). The aims of this study were to study the association between female AGD, reproductive health and background characteristics. METHODS: This was a cross sectional study, in which AGD were measured in 300 pregnant women who were recruited early during the first stage of labor. Demographic and health characteristics were collected and studied in association with AGD measurements...
July 22, 2017: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729305/biomechanical-reposition-techniques-in-anterior-shoulder-dislocation-a-randomised-multicentre-clinical-trial-the-brasd-trial-protocol
#2
David N Baden, Martijn H Roetman, Tom Boeije, Floris Roodheuvel, Nieke Mullaart-Jansen, Suzanne Peeters, Mike D Burg
INTRODUCTION: Glenohumeral (shoulder) dislocations are the most common large joint dislocations seen in the emergency department (ED). They cause pain, often severe, and require timely interventions to minimise discomfort and tissue damage. Commonly used reposition or relocation techniques often involve traction and/or leverage. These techniques have high success rates but may be painful and time consuming. They may also cause complications. Recently, other techniques-the biomechanical reposition techniques (BRTs)-have become more popular since they may cause less pain, require less time and cause fewer complications...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728138/first-trimester-urinary-bisphenol-a-concentration-in-relation-to-anogenital-distance-an-androgen-sensitive-measure-of-reproductive-development-in-infant-girls
#3
Emily S Barrett, Sheela Sathyanarayana, Omar Mbowe, Sally W Thurston, J Bruce Redmon, Ruby H N Nguyen, Shanna H Swan
INTRODUCTION: Evidence from animal models suggests that prenatal exposure to bisphenol A (BPA), a ubiquitous endocrine-disrupting chemical, is associated with adverse reproductive outcomes in females. Exposure during early gestation, a critical period for reproductive development, is of particular concern. Anogenital distance (AGD) is a sensitive biomarker of the fetal hormonal milieu and a measure of reproductive toxicity in animal models. In some studies, the daughters of BPA-exposed dams have shorter AGD than controls...
July 11, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637461/prenatal-exposure-to-antifungal-medication-may-change-anogenital-distance-in-male-offspring-a-preliminary-study
#4
Djamilla Madelung Mogensen, Maria Bergkvist Pihl, Niels E Skakkebæk, Helle Raun Andersen, Anders Juul, Henriette Boye Kyhl, Shanna Swan, David Møbjerg Kristensen, Marianne Skovager Andersen, Dorte Vesterholm Lind, Tina Kold Jensen
BACKGROUND: Vaginal candidiasis is frequent among pregnant women and it is treated with anti-fungal medication (conazoles). Conazoles have anti-androgenic properties and prenatal exposure in rodents is associated with a shorter (less masculine) anogenital distance (AGD) in male offspring. To our knowledge this has never been studied in humans. METHOD: In the Odense Child Cohort pregnant women residing in Odense municipality, Denmark, were recruited at gestational age 8-16 weeks between 2010 and 2012...
June 21, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584712/prevalence-and-seroepidemiology-of-haemophilus-parasuis-in-sichuan-province-china
#5
Zhenghao Wang, Qin Zhao, Hailin Wei, Xintian Wen, Sanjie Cao, Xiaobo Huang, Rui Wu, Qigui Yan, Yong Huang, Yiping Wen
Haemophilus parasuis, the causative agent of Glässer's disease, has been reported as widespread, but little is known about its epidemiology in the Sichuan province of China. The goal of our research is to reveal the prevalence and distribution of H. parasuis in this area. Sampling and isolation were performed across Sichuan; isolates were processed using serotyping multiplex PCR (serotyping-mPCR) and agar gel diffusion (AGD) for confirmation of serovar identity. This study was carried out from January 2014 to May 2016 and 254 H...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552643/formation-of-graphene-oxide-hybridized-nanogels-for-combinative-anticancer-therapy
#6
Xin Xu, Jine Wang, Yifeng Wang, Liming Zhao, Yulin Li, Changsheng Liu
The low efficacy and high toxicity of chemotherapy have been driving increasing attention on development of combined anticancer therapy technique. In the current work, graphene oxide (GO)-hybridized nanogels (AGD) were developed for delivery of an anticancer drug (doxorubicin (DOX)), which simultaneously presented photothermal therapeutic effects against cancer cells. AGD nanogels were fabricated by in situ incorporating GO nanoplatelets into a biodegradable polymer (alginate) via a double emulsion approach using a disulfide molecule as crosslinker, followed by DOX encapsulation via electrostatic interactions...
May 26, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537545/paenibacillus-lacus-sp-nov-isolated-from-a-water-reservoir
#7
Wen-Ming Chen, Kai-Rou Lin, Shih-Yi Sheu
A bacterial strain, designated Agd-32T, was isolated from a water sample taken from the Agongdian Reservoir in Taiwan and characterized using a polyphasic taxonomy approach. Cells of strain Agd-32T were Gram-stain-variable, aerobic, motile by means of peritrichous flagella, endospore-forming, rod-shaped and surrounded by a thick capsule. Strain Agd-32T contained anteiso-C15 : 0 and C16 : 0 as the predominant fatty acids. The major isoprenoid quinone was MK-7, and the polar lipid profile consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, one unidentified aminophosphoglycolipid, one unidentified glycolipid, one unidentified phospholipid and one unidentified lipid...
May 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501445/local-and-systemic-humoral-immune-response-in-farmed-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar-l-under-a-natural-amoebic-gill-disease-outbreak
#8
Mar Marcos-López, Cristóbal Espinosa Ruiz, Hamish D Rodger, Ian O'Connor, Eugene MacCarthy, M Ángeles Esteban
Amoebic gill disease (AGD), caused by the protozoan parasite Neoparamoeba perurans, is one of the most significant infectious diseases for Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) mariculture. The present study investigated the humoral immune response (both local in gill mucus and systemic in serum) of farmed Atlantic salmon naturally infected with N. perurans in commercial sea pens, at two different stages of the disease and after freshwater treatment. Parameters analysed included activity of immune related enzymes (i...
May 10, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492111/a-comparison-of-disease-susceptibility-and-innate-immune-response-between-diploid-and-triploid-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar-siblings-following-experimental-infection-with-neoparamoeba-perurans-causative-agent-of-amoebic-gill-disease
#9
Lynn Chalmers, John F Taylor, William Roy, Andrew C Preston, Herve Migaud, Alexandra Adams
Few studies have focussed on the health and immunity of triploid Atlantic salmon and therefore much is still unknown about their response to commercially significant pathogens. This is important if triploid stocks are to be considered for full-scale commercial production. This study aimed to investigate and compare the response of triploid and diploid Atlantic salmon to an experimental challenge with Neoparamoeba perurans, causative agent of amoebic gill disease (AGD). This disease is economically significant for the aquaculture industry...
May 11, 2017: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460755/-snorkel-lice-barrier-technology-reduced-two-co-occurring-parasites-the-salmon-louse-lepeophtheirus-salmonis-and-the-amoebic-gill-disease-causing-agent-neoparamoeba-perurans-in-commercial-salmon-sea-cages
#10
D W Wright, L H Stien, T Dempster, T Vågseth, V Nola, J-E Fosseidengen, F Oppedal
Diverse chemical-free parasite controls are gaining status in Atlantic salmon sea-cage farming. Yet, the intricacies of their use at commercial scale, including effects on co-occurring parasites, are seldom reported. A new salmon lice prevention method involves installing a deep net roof and 'snorkel' lice barrier in cages to shelter salmon from free-living infective larvae which concentrate at shallow depths, and allows salmon to jump and re- inflate their buoyancy-regulating swim bladder by swallowing air...
May 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433720/establishment-of-a-non-invasive-method-for-stress-evaluation-in-farmed-salmon-based-on-direct-fecal-corticoid-metabolites-measurement
#11
Yanran Cao, Ann-Kristin Tveten, Anne Stene
Fish welfare is an important issue for growth of the aquaculture industry. Stress responses represent animal's natural reactions to challenging conditions and could be used as a welfare indicator. Cortisol level is relevant to fish welfare condition, and is a readily measured component of the primary stress response system. Generally, cortisol is measured by blood sampling. However, fish blood cortisol level could be instantly influenced by handling-stress at sampling. Fecal corticoid metabolites (FCM) are a mixture of several different metabolites with a wide range of polarities...
April 19, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402328/the-phenotypic-correlates-and-quantitative-genetics-of-masculinization-in-the-rodent-octodon-degus
#12
D A Roff, M E Wolak, L A Correa, M Soto-Gamboa
In some mammals, female characteristics have been shown to depend, in part, on the intrauterine position during development of female fetuses relative to male fetuses. Females developing in close proximity to males show behavioral, physiological and life history characteristics that are masculinized. With the exception of one inconclusive study, nothing is known of the genetic basis of this phenomenon. In this paper, we reported an analysis of the quantitative genetic basis of masculinization, as indicated by the anogenital distance (AGD) at birth and weaning, in the rodent Octodon degus...
September 2017: Heredity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395086/regional-overlap-of-pathologies-in-lewy-body-disorders
#13
Martí Colom-Cadena, Oriol Grau-Rivera, Lluís Planellas, Catalina Cerquera, Estrella Morenas, Sergio Helgueta, Laia Muñoz, Jaime Kulisevsky, Maria Jose Martí, Eduard Tolosa, Jordi Clarimon, Alberto Lleó, Ellen Gelpi
Lewy body disorders (LBD) are common neurodegenerative diseases characterized by the presence of aggregated α-synuclein in Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites in the central and peripheral nervous systems. The brains of patients with LBD often display other comorbid pathologies, i.e. insoluble tau, β-amyloid aggregates, TAR DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43) deposits, and argyrophilic grain disease (AGD). The incidence and physiological relevance of these concurrent pathological findings remain controversial. We performed a semiquantitative detailed mapping of α-synuclein, tau, β-amyloid (Aβ), TDP-43, and AGD pathologies in 17 areas in 63 LBD cases (44 with Parkinson disease [PD], 28 with dementia, and 19 with dementia with Lewy bodies)...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368545/exposure-to-an-environmentally-relevant-phthalate-mixture-causes-transgenerational-effects-on-female-reproduction-in-mice
#14
Changqing Zhou, Liying Gao, Jodi A Flaws
Phthalates are used in consumer products and are known endocrine-disrupting chemicals. However, limited information is available on the effects of phthalate mixtures on female reproduction. Previously, we developed a phthalate mixture made of 35% diethyl phthalate, 21% di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, 15% dibutyl phthalate, 15% di-isononyl phthalate, 8% di-isobutyl phthalate, and 5% benzylbutyl phthalate that mimics human exposure. We tested the effects of prenatal exposure to this mixture on reproductive outcomes in first-filial-generation (F1) female mice and found that it impaired reproductive outcomes...
June 1, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352662/experimentally-induced-testicular-dysgenesis-syndrome-originates-in-the-masculinization-programming-window
#15
Sander van den Driesche, Karen R Kilcoyne, Ida Wagner, Diane Rebourcet, Ashley Boyle, Rod Mitchell, Chris McKinnell, Sheila Macpherson, Roland Donat, Chitranjan J Shukla, Anne Jorgensen, Ewa Rajpert-De Meyts, Niels E Skakkebaek, Richard M Sharpe
The testicular dysgenesis syndrome (TDS) hypothesis, which proposes that common reproductive disorders of newborn and adult human males may have a common fetal origin, is largely untested. We tested this hypothesis using a rat model involving gestational exposure to dibutyl phthalate (DBP), which suppresses testosterone production by the fetal testis. We evaluated if induction of TDS via testosterone suppression is restricted to the "masculinization programming window" (MPW), as indicated by reduction in anogenital distance (AGD)...
March 23, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333243/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-is-associated-with-anogenital-distance-a-marker-of-prenatal-androgen-exposure
#16
Yingchen Wu, Guangzheng Zhong, Shengfu Chen, Chengyu Zheng, Dehua Liao, Meiqing Xie
Study question: Is the presence of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) associated with anogenital distance (AGD), a biomarker for the prenatal hormonal environment? Summary answer: The presence of PCOS is associated with longer AGD. What is known already: Although the aetiology of PCOS is unclear, emerging data suggest that the natural history of PCOS may originate from intrauterine life. Prenatal exposure to androgen hormones is considered an important factor of PCOS...
April 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264221/long-term-efficacy-of-combined-phacoemulsification-plus-trabeculectomy-versus-phacoemulsification-plus-excimer-laser-trabeculotomy
#17
M Töteberg-Harms, J Wachtl, C Schweier, J Funk, C Kniestedt
Background Combined cataract and glaucoma procedures, and minimally-invasive glaucoma surgery in particular, have gained increasing interest over the past few years. The aim of this study was to compare the long-term efficacy of combined phaco-trabeculectomy (Phaco-Trab) and combined phacoemulsification plus excimer laser trabeculotomy (Phaco-ELT). Patients and Methods Retrospective, non-randomised, comparative, interventional case series of consecutive patients after Phaco-Trab and Phaco-ELT at the University Hospital of Zurich and the Talacker Eye Center Zurich in Switzerland...
April 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244565/agreement-between-dietary-intake-of-older-adults-and-proxy-respondents-assessed-by-a-food-frequency-questionnaire
#18
S R Dias Medici Saldiva, L Bassani, A L da Silva Castro, I B Gonçalves, C R de Oliveira Sales, D M Lobo Marchioni
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the degree of agreement of dietary intake reported by the patient subject with the dietary intake reported by a respondent (a next-of-kin or a caregiver), collected by a validated Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ). METHODOLOGY: 126 adults, both sexes, the average age was 65.9 years for patients and 54.4 years for respondents. They were recruited from the General Practice Clinic at the Clinical Hospital of São Paulo (AGD-FMUSP). The agreement between the responses given by patients and respondents was assessed using Spearman, weighted Kappa and Bland Altman tests...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196105/adaptive-geostatistical-sampling-enables-efficient-identification-of-malaria-hotspots-in-repeated-cross-sectional-surveys-in-rural-malawi
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Alinune N Kabaghe, Michael G Chipeta, Robert S McCann, Kamija S Phiri, Michèle van Vugt, Willem Takken, Peter Diggle, Anja D Terlouw
INTRODUCTION: In the context of malaria elimination, interventions will need to target high burden areas to further reduce transmission. Current tools to monitor and report disease burden lack the capacity to continuously detect fine-scale spatial and temporal variations of disease distribution exhibited by malaria. These tools use random sampling techniques that are inefficient for capturing underlying heterogeneity while health facility data in resource-limited settings are inaccurate...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123099/from-the-cover-teratogenic-effects-of-in-utero-exposure-to-di-2-ethylhexyl-phthalate-dehp-in-b6-129s4-mice
#20
Erica Ungewitter, Emmi Rotgers, Tanika Bantukul, Yasuhiko Kawakami, Grace E Kissling, Humphrey Hung-Chang Yao
Intrauterine exposure to phthalates is known to cause disorders of male reproductive function including androgen insufficiency, decreased fertility, and germ cell defects in rodents. In this study, we set out to investigate the effects of intrauterine exposure to di-(2-ethylhexyl)-phthalate (DEHP) on fetal development of the B6:129S4 mouse strain. Time-mated pregnant C57BL/6 dams were exposed to 0, 5, 250, or 500 mg/kg DEHP with corn oil as the vehicle via oral gavage from embryonic days (E)7 to 16. Survival and gross morphology of the pups were analyzed one day after the last treatment...
May 1, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
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