keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

dose reference level

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912938/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-for-lowering-blood-lipid-levels-a-systematic-review-of-systematic-reviews
#1
REVIEW
Paul Posadzki, Abdullah M N AlBedah, Mohamed M K Khalil, Meshari S AlQaed
BACKGROUND: The aim of this article is to summarize and critically evaluate the evidence from systematic reviews (SRs) of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) for lowering blood lipid levels (BLL). METHODS: Eight electronic databases were searched until March 2016. Additionally, all the retrieved references were inspected manually for further relevant papers. Systematic reviews were considered eligible, if they included patients of any age and/or gender with elevated blood lipid levels using any type of CAM...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908968/psa-stratified-performance-of-18f-and-68ga-labeled-tracers-in-psma-pet-imaging-of-patients-with-biochemical-recurrence-of-prostate-cancer
#2
Felix Dietlein, Carsten Kobe, Stephan Neubauer, Matthias Schmidt, Simone Stockter, Thomas Fischer, Klaus Schomäcker, Axel Heidenreich, Boris D Zlatopolskiy, Bernd Neumaier, Alexander Drzezga, Markus Dietlein
PURPOSE: Several studies outlined the sensitivity of (68)Ga-labeled PET tracers against the prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) for localization of relapsed prostate cancer in patients with renewed increase in the prostate-specific antigen (PSA), commonly referred to as biochemical recurrence. Labeling of PSMA tracers with (18)F offers numerous advantages, including improved image resolution, longer half-life and increased production yields. The aim of this study was to assess the PSA-stratified performance of the (18)F-labeled PSMA tracer (18)F-DCFPyL and the (68)Ga-labeled reference (68)Ga-PSMA-HBED-CC...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906788/ds02r1-improvements-to-atomic-bomb-survivors-input-data-and-implementation-of-dosimetry-system-2002-ds02-and-resulting-changes-in-estimated-doses
#3
H M Cullings, E J Grant, S D Egbert, T Watanabe, T Oda, F Nakamura, T Yamashita, H Fuchi, S Funamoto, K Marumo, R Sakata, Y Kodama, K Ozasa, K Kodama
Individual dose estimates calculated by Dosimetry System 2002 (DS02) for the Life Span Study (LSS) of atomic bomb survivors are based on input data that specify location and shielding at the time of the bombing (ATB). A multi-year effort to improve information on survivors' locations ATB has recently been completed, along with comprehensive improvements in their terrain shielding input data and several improvements to computational algorithms used in combination with DS02 at RERF. Improvements began with a thorough review and prioritization of original questionnaire data on location and shielding that were taken from survivors or their proxies in the period 1949-1963...
January 2017: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895964/half-fan-based-intensity-weighted-region-of-interest-imaging-for-low-dose-cone-beam-ct-in-image-guided-radiation-therapy
#4
Boyeol Yoo, Kihong Son, Rizza Pua, Jinsung Kim, Alexander Solodov, Seungryong Cho
OBJECTIVES: With the increased use of computed tomography (CT) in clinics, dose reduction is the most important feature people seek when considering new CT techniques or applications. We developed an intensity-weighted region-of-interest (IWROI) imaging method in an exact half-fan geometry to reduce the imaging radiation dose to patients in cone-beam CT (CBCT) for image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT). While dose reduction is highly desirable, preserving the high-quality images of the ROI is also important for target localization in IGRT...
October 2016: Healthcare Informatics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892864/influence-of-a-low-dosage-of-clopidogrel-on-platelet-function-in-cats-as-measured-by-the-platelet-function-analyser-pfa-100-and-the-multiplate-analyser
#5
M Teuber, R Mischke
The antiplatelet drug clopidogrel is widely used for prophylaxis of arterial thromboses in cats in a standard dosage of 18.75mg per cat once daily. The aim of the study was to verify if a reduced daily dose of 10mg clopidogrel per cat has a similar antiplatelet effect as the standard dosage. Platelet function was measured with the platelet function analyser PFA-100(®) and a novel impedance aggregometer. Suitability of the platelet function analyser was tested in citrated blood samples of 59 healthy cats and reference ranges were established...
September 17, 2016: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887033/skin-irritation-and-sensitization-potential-of-fixed-dose-combination-of-diclofenac-1-and-menthol-3-topical-gel-results-of-two-phase-i-patch-studies
#6
D Jeffery Liu, A Collaku, J S Dosik
Phase I, randomized, controlled patch studies were conducted to evaluate skin sensitization and irritation potential of a new gel formulation containing 1% diclofenac and 3% menthol as a fixed-combination product.In study A, healthy volunteers were exposed to 4 test patches containing 1% diclofenac+3% menthol, diclofenac, menthol, or placebo gels during an induction (nine 48 to 72-h applications) and challenge phase (one 48-h application). Some subjects were re-challenged to evaluate suspected sensitization...
November 25, 2016: Drug Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886991/radiation-dose-for-pediatric-and-young-adult-ct-a-survey-to-establish-age-based-reference-levels-of-2015-2016-in-korea
#7
MoonChan Kim, KwangHyun Chang, JeongHoon Hwang, YoonChul Nam, DongKyoon Han, Joon Yoon
To assess the doses delivered to pediatric patients during computed tomography (CT) examinations of the brain, chest, high-resolution lung and abdomen, and to establish diagnostic reference levels (DRLs) for various age groups in Korea. Dose survey was done to the 19 hospitals performing CT on children, addressing the scan parameters, volume CT dose index (CTDIvol) and dose length product (DLP). Per five age group (0, 1, 2-5, 6-10, 11-17 y of age), the proposed DRLs for brain, chest, high-resolution lung and abdomen CT are, respectively, in terms of CTDIvol: 18, 23, 26, 31, 36 mGy; 2, 3, 4, 6, 8 mGy; 2, 3, 4, 5, 7 mGy; 3, 4, 5, 6, 9 mGy; and in terms of DLP: 260, 350, 420, 500, 620 mGy•cm; 50, 80, 100, 170, 340 mGy•cm; 30, 40, 60, 90, 280 mGy•cm; 70, 80, 200, 300, 500 mGy•cm...
November 24, 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885658/early-skin-to-skin-contact-for-mothers-and-their-healthy-newborn-infants
#8
REVIEW
Elizabeth R Moore, Nils Bergman, Gene C Anderson, Nancy Medley
BACKGROUND: Mother-infant separation post birth is common. In standard hospital care, newborn infants are held wrapped or dressed in their mother's arms, placed in open cribs or under radiant warmers. Skin-to-skin contact (SSC) begins ideally at birth and should last continually until the end of the first breastfeeding. SSC involves placing the dried, naked baby prone on the mother's bare chest, often covered with a warm blanket. According to mammalian neuroscience, the intimate contact inherent in this place (habitat) evokes neuro-behaviors ensuring fulfillment of basic biological needs...
November 25, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885093/proposals-for-the-establishment-of-national-diagnostic-reference-levels-for-radiography-for-adult-patients-based-on-regional-dose-surveys-in-russian-federation
#9
A V Vodovatov, M I Balonov, V Yu Golikov, I G Shatsky, L A Chipiga, C Bernhardsson
In 2009-2014, dose surveys aimed to collect adult patient data and parameters of most common radiographic examinations were performed in six Russian regions. Typical patient doses were estimated for the selected examinations both in entrance surface dose and in effective dose. 75%-percentiles of typical patient effective dose distributions were proposed as preliminary regional diagnostic reference levels (DRLs) for radiography. Differences between the 75%-percentiles of regional typical patient dose distributions did not exceed 30-50% for the examinations with standardized clinical protocols (skull, chest and thoracic spine) and a factor of 1...
November 24, 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884822/a-framework-for-remission-in-sle-consensus-findings-from-a-large-international-task-force-on-definitions-of-remission-in-sle-doris
#10
Ronald van Vollenhoven, Alexandre Voskuyl, George Bertsias, Cynthia Aranow, Martin Aringer, Laurent Arnaud, Anca Askanase, Petra Balážová, Eloisa Bonfa, Hendrika Bootsma, Dimitrios Boumpas, Ian Bruce, Ricard Cervera, Ann Clarke, Cindy Coney, Nathalie Costedoat-Chalumeau, László Czirják, Ronald Derksen, Andrea Doria, Thomas Dörner, Rebecca Fischer-Betz, Ruth Fritsch-Stork, Caroline Gordon, Winfried Graninger, Noémi Györi, Frédéric Houssiau, David Isenberg, Soren Jacobsen, David Jayne, Annegret Kuhn, Veronique Le Guern, Kirsten Lerstrøm, Roger Levy, Francinne Machado-Ribeiro, Xavier Mariette, Jamil Missaykeh, Eric Morand, Marta Mosca, Murat Inanc, Sandra Navarra, Irmgard Neumann, Marzena Olesinska, Michelle Petri, Anisur Rahman, Ole Petter Rekvig, Jozef Rovensky, Yehuda Shoenfeld, Josef Smolen, Angela Tincani, Murray Urowitz, Bernadette van Leeuw, Carlos Vasconcelos, Anne Voss, Victoria P Werth, Helena Zakharova, Asad Zoma, Matthias Schneider, Michael Ward
OBJECTIVES: Treat-to-target recommendations have identified 'remission' as a target in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), but recognise that there is no universally accepted definition for this. Therefore, we initiated a process to achieve consensus on potential definitions for remission in SLE. METHODS: An international task force of 60 specialists and patient representatives participated in preparatory exercises, a face-to-face meeting and follow-up electronic voting...
November 24, 2016: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878805/pancreatic-enzyme-replacement-therapy-for-people-with-cystic-fibrosis
#11
REVIEW
Usha Rani Somaraju, Arturo Solis-Moya
BACKGROUND: Most people with cystic fibrosis (80% to 90%) need pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy to prevent malnutrition. Enzyme preparations need to be taken whenever food is taken, and the dose needs to be adjusted according to the food consumed. A systematic review on the efficacy and safety of pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy is needed to guide clinical practice, as there is variability between centres with respect to assessment of pancreatic function, time of commencing treatment, dose and choice of supplements...
November 23, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878501/human-health-impacts-of-exposure-to-metals-through-extreme-consumption-of-fish-from-the-colombian-caribbean-sea
#12
Fabio Fuentes-Gandara, José Pinedo-Hernández, José Marrugo-Negrete, Sergi Díez
The health risks of metal exposure due to the high consumption of fish were assessed for a riverine population living on the Caribbean coast of Colombia. The concentrations of metals (Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Ni, Pb and Zn) in the edible tissues of fish were determined and used for risk assessment. The daily fish consumption of residents (n = 95) was as high as 283, 366 and 469 g/day in children (CH), women of childbearing age (WCHA) and the remaining population groups (RP), respectively. The estimation of the potential risk (HQ) indicated that there was no health risk from most of the metals, because they did not exceed their related reference doses, with values of HQ < 1...
November 22, 2016: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877037/acute-and-subacute-toxicity-profiles-of-thymoquinone-loaded-nanostructured-lipid-carrier-in-balb-c-mice
#13
Yong Sze Ong, Latifah Saiful Yazan, Wei Keat Ng, Mustapha M Noordin, Sarah Sapuan, Jhi Biau Foo, Yin Sim Tor
BACKGROUND: Thymoquinone (TQ), the predominant active lipophilic component in Nigella sativa seed oil, has a variety of pharmacological properties such as anticancer activities. However, translation of TQ to clinical phase is still not possible due to its hydrophobic properties. This problem can be solved by encapsulating it in nanoformulations to enhance its pharmacological properties. In our previous study, TQ has been successfully encapsulated in a nanostructured lipid carrier (hereinafter referred to as TQNLC) with excellent physiochemical properties such as high encapsulation efficiency, high drug-loading capacity, particle diameter less than 100 nm, and stability up to 2 years...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874958/diagnostic-accuracy-of-mdct-in-the-evaluation-of-patients-with-peritoneal-carcinomatosis-from-ovarian-cancer-is-delayed-enhanced-phase-really-effective
#14
E Rodolfino, E Devicienti, M Miccò, A Del Ciello, S E Di Giovanni, M Giuliani, C Conte, B Gui, A L Valentini, L Bonomo
OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic accuracy of delayed enhanced phase in addition to portal enhanced phase in MDCT imaging for depicting peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) implants in patients with ovarian cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed double-phase, portal enhanced phase (PEP) and delayed enhanced phase (DEP), MDCT-examinations of 40 patients with clinical suspicion of recurrent PC from histopathologically-proven ovarian cancer, previously treated with both cytoreductive surgery and adjuvant/neoadjuvant chemotherapy...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873509/dose-response-relationship-between-alanine-aminotransferase-levels-within-the-reference-interval-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-chinese-adults
#15
Peipei Wu, Qicai Chen, Lili Chen, Pengpeng Zhang, Juan Xiao, Xiaoxiao Chen, Meng Liu, Shumei Wang
PURPOSE: Elevation in serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels is a biomarker for metabolic syndrome (MS); however, the relationship has not been fully investigated within the reference interval of ALT levels. Our objective was to explore the relationship between serum ALT levels within the reference interval and MS in Chinese adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 16028 adults, who attended routine health check-ups at Shengli Oilfield Central Hospital from January 2006 to March 2012...
January 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872827/zinc-supplementation-as-an-adjunct-to-standard-therapy-in-childhood-nephrotic-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#16
Girish Chandra Bhatt, Shikha Jain, Rashmi Ranjan Das
AIM: To evaluate the role of zinc as add on treatment to the "recommended treatment" of nephrotic syndrome (NS) in children. METHODS: All the published literature through the major databases including Medline/Pubmed, Embase, and Google Scholar were searched till 31(st) December 2015. Reference lists from the articles were reviewed to identify additional pertinent articles. Retrieved papers concerning the role of zinc in childhood NS were reviewed by the authors, and the data were extracted using a standardized data collection tool...
November 8, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872572/evaluation-of-the-diuretic-and-urinary-electrolyte-effects-of-methanolic-extract-of-peganum-harmala-l-in-wistar-albino-rats
#17
Fahad I Al-Saikhan, Mohd N Ansari
The use of traditional medicines as a diuretic agent has been increasing in recent years. The diuretic activity of a number of plant extracts used as diuretic agents in ethnomedicine has been confirmed in experimental animals. However, despite the widespread use of Peganum harmala in traditional medicine, there is a paucity of data supporting its use as a diuretic agent. Therefore, the present study aimed to envisage the true effect and magnitude of diuresis of methanolic extract of P. harmala (MEPH) in comparison with a well-known diuretic drug furosemide using Wistar albino rats...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871265/the-association-between-different-opioid-doses-and-the-survival-of-advanced-cancer-patients-receiving-palliative-care
#18
Anon Sathornviriyapong, Kittiphon Nagaviroj, Thunyarat Anothaisintawee
BACKGROUND: Concerns that opioids may hasten death can be a cause of the physicians' reluctance to prescribe opioids, leading to inadequate symptom palliation. Our aim was to find if there was an association between different opioid doses and the survival of the cancer patients that participated in our palliative care program. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted at Ramathibodi Hospital, Bangkok between January 2013 and December 2015. All of the cancer patients that were referred to palliative care teams by their primary physicians were included in the study...
November 21, 2016: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865605/population-pharmacokinetic-model-of-lithium-and-drug-compliance-assessment
#19
Isabel Pérez-Castelló, Víctor Mangas-Sanjuan, Ignacio González-García, Isabel Gonzalez-Alvarez, Marival Bermejo, Jose Luis Marco-Garbayo, Iñaki F Trocóniz
Population pharmacokinetic analysis of lithium during therapeutic drug monitoring and drug compliance assessment was performed in 54 patients and 246 plasma concentrations levels were included in this study. Patients received several treatment cycles (1-9) and one plasma concentration measurement for each patient was obtained always before starting next cycle (pre-dose) at steady state. Data were analysed using the population approach with NONMEM version 7.2. Lithium measurements were described using a two-compartment model (CL/F=0...
November 16, 2016: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863695/analysis-of-a-low-dose-protocol-to-reduce-patient-radiation-exposure-during-percutaneous-coronary-interventions
#20
Davide Maccagni, Cosmo Godino, Azeem Latib, Lorenzo Azzalini, Vittorio Pazzanese, Alaide Chieffo, Alberto Margonato, Antonio Colombo
The cardiac catheterization laboratory is an important source of radiation for patients and operators and it is good practice to limit exposure as much as possible. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and impact of a radiological low dose protocol (LDP) in terms of reduction in patient radiation exposure during percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs). From November 2014 to October 2015, 906 consecutive patients who underwent PCI were evaluated. Of these, 571 patients (63%) were treated with the standard dose protocol (SDP) of 15 frames per second for cine acquisition and standard settings for fluoroscopy, and 335 patients (37%) with the LDP of 7...
October 8, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
keyword
keyword
78527
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"