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Movement science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141360/-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-psoriatic-arthritis
#1
Y Li, X S Weng, J Lin, J Jin, W W Qian
Objective: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of Total hip arthroplasty (THA) in treating the hip joint involvement of Psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Methods: From January 2005 to December 2016, a total of 15 PsA patients (20 hip joints) underwent THA in Department of Orthopaedics, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College. All the patients had obvious restriction in daily life before operation. The mean Harris score was 25.2 averagely and the mean total range of the hip joint movement was 39...
November 7, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126423/the-many-meanings-of-evidence-a-comparative-analysis-of-the-forms-and-roles-of-evidence-within-three-health-policy-processes-in-cambodia
#2
Helen Walls, Marco Liverani, Kannarath Chheng, Justin Parkhurst
BACKGROUND: Discussions within the health community routinely emphasise the importance of evidence in informing policy formulation and implementation. Much of the support for the evidence-based policy movement draws from concern that policy decisions are often based on inadequate engagement with high-quality evidence. In many such discussions, evidence is treated as differing only in quality, and assumed to improve decisions if it can only be used more. In contrast, political science scholars have described this as an overly simplistic view of the policy-making process, noting that research 'use' can mean a variety of things and relies on nuanced aspects of political systems...
November 10, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113672/vulvo-vaginal-reconstruction-after-radical-excision-for-treatment-of-vulvar-cancer-evaluation-of-feasibility-and-morbidity-of-different-surgical-techniques
#3
REVIEW
Violante Di Donato, Carlotta Bracchi, Emanuele Cigna, Lavinia Domenici, Angela Musella, Andrea Giannini, Francesca Lecce, Claudia Marchetti, Pierluigi Benedetti Panici
BACKGROUND: Vulvar cancer is a rare disease accounting for approximately 5% of female genital tract tumors worldwide. Currently surgery represents the mainstay alone or sometimes, in combination with chemo-radiotherapy, for locally advanced tumors and recurrent disease. However, significant physical and sexual impairment mostly due to anatomical distortion of external genitalia are a consequence of radical surgical treatment. Postoperative reconstruction after demolitive surgeries improves aesthetic and functional results, guarantees an adequate coverage of large tumors and assures safe surgical margin...
December 2017: Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107321/multiscale-coordination-between-athletes-complexity-matching-in-ergometer-rowing
#4
Ruud J R Den Hartigh, Vivien Marmelat, Ralf F A Cox
Complex systems applications in human movement sciences have increased our understanding of emergent coordination patterns between athletes. In the current study, we take a novel step and propose that movement coordination between athletes is a multiscale phenomenon. Specifically, we investigated so-called "complexity matching" of performance measured in the context of rowing. Sixteen rowers participated in two sessions on rowing ergometers: One individual session of 550 strokes and one dyadic session of 550 strokes side-by-side with a team member...
October 26, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097987/multisensory-rehabilitation-training-improves-spatial-perception-in-totally-but-not-partially-visually-deprived-children
#5
Giulia Cappagli, Sara Finocchietti, Gabriel Baud-Bovy, Elena Cocchi, Monica Gori
Since it has been shown that spatial development can be delayed in blind children, focused sensorimotor trainings that associate auditory and motor information might be used to prevent the risk of spatial-related developmental delays or impairments from an early age. With this aim, we proposed a new technological device based on the implicit link between action and perception: ABBI (Audio Bracelet for Blind Interaction) is an audio bracelet that produces a sound when a movement occurs by allowing the substitution of the visuo-motor association with a new audio-motor association...
2017: Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097962/translational-research-for-occupational-therapy-using-spre-in-hippotherapy-for-children-with-developmental-disabilities
#6
Deborah Weissman-Miller, Rosalie J Miller, Mary P Shotwell
Translational research is redefined in this paper using a combination of methods in statistics and data science to enhance the understanding of outcomes and practice in occupational therapy. These new methods are applied, using larger data and smaller single-subject data, to a study in hippotherapy for children with developmental disabilities (DD). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates DD affects nearly 10 million children, aged 2-19, where diagnoses may be comorbid. Hippotherapy is defined here as a treatment strategy in occupational therapy using equine movement to achieve functional outcomes...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096266/mobile-assessment-of-the-lower-limb-kinematics-in-healthy-persons-and-in-persons-with-degenerative-knee-disorders-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
R van der Straaten, L De Baets, I Jonkers, A Timmermans
Inertial sensor systems are increasingly used in the assessment of persons with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) and total knee replacement (TKR). This systematic review aims to (1) investigate the application of inertial sensor systems and kinematics derived from these systems, and (2) assess if current assessment protocols consist of tasks which are, according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) for KOA, relevant for persons with KOA and TKR. A search was conducted in six electronic databases (ACM, CINAHL, EMBASE, IEEE, PubMed, Web of Science) to include papers assessing the knee and one or more adjacent joints by means of inertial sensors in healthy persons or persons with KOA or TKR...
October 5, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093545/entrainment-of-voluntary-movement-to-undetected-auditory-regularities
#8
Aaron Schurger, Nathan Faivre, Leila Cammoun, Bianca Trovó, Olaf Blanke
In physics "entrainment" refers to the synchronization of two coupled oscillators with similar fundamental frequencies. In behavioral science, entrainment refers to the tendency of humans to synchronize their movements with rhythmic stimuli. Here, we asked whether human subjects performing a tapping task would entrain their tapping to an undetected auditory rhythm surreptitiously introduced in the guise of ambient background noise in the room. Subjects performed two different tasks, one in which they tapped their finger at a steady rate of their own choosing and one in which they performed a single abrupt finger tap on each trial after a delay of their own choosing...
November 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070818/direct-evidence-of-adult-aedes-albopictus-dispersal-by-car
#9
Roger Eritja, John R B Palmer, David Roiz, Isis Sanpera-Calbet, Frederic Bartumeus
Whereas the Asian tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus) has low active dispersal capabilities, its worldwide colonization has been rapid. Indirect evidence and informal reports have long implicated passive transportation in cars, but this has not previously been studied systematically given the difficulties of real-time roadside surveys. Here we report the first sampling study confirming that adult tiger mosquitoes travel with humans in cars and enabling us to estimate the frequency of these events. We combine the results with citizen science data to model the car-facilitated dispersal of Aedes albopictus at a nationwide level...
October 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069173/solidarity-an-innovative-perspective-in-the-management-and-organization-of-sanitary-surveillance-actions
#10
Cristian Oliveira Benevides Sanches Leal, Carmen Fontes de Souza Teixeira
This is a theoretical essay about the development of the concept of solidarity, a word used in the regulatory framework and in political proposals to reorient the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS). The methodology consisted of mapping authors addressing human action aspects related to this theme from Durkheim's tradition, linking them to his followers, like Marcel Mauss and authors from the "anti-utilitarianism" movement in social sciences. Solidarity is one way to express a "gift" and appears as a multidimensional action, where duty and freedom, instrumental interest and disinterest interpose and interlace...
October 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067488/-the-historicity-of-data-concepts-tools-and-practices-during-the-nineteenth-century
#11
Christine von Oertzen
This essay explores the use of the concept of "data" during the nineteenth century. It traces the development of manual data driven research decades before the introduction of Hollerith machines and electronic computers. Census statisticians in late-nineteenth century Prussia employed moveable paper tools to assemble numerical information in novel ways; their actions fundamentally recast processes of compilation. The paper considers the epistemic impact of moving data inscribed on tons of paper, reconstructing the logistics of a circulatory compilation system spread across the Prussian capital...
December 2017: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060395/towards-understanding-addiction-factors-of-mobile-devices-an-eye-tracking-study-on-effect-of-screen-size
#12
Sunu Wibirama, Hanung A Nugroho
Mobile devices addiction has been an important research topic in cognitive science, mental health, and human-machine interaction. Previous works observed mobile device addiction by logging mobile devices activity. Although immersion has been linked as a significant predictor of video game addiction, investigation on addiction factors of mobile device with behavioral measurement has never been done before. In this research, we demonstrated the usage of eye tracking to observe effect of screen size on experience of immersion...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056664/shape-variation-in-the-craniomandibular-system-and-prevalence-of-dental-problems-in-domestic-rabbits-a-case-study-in-evolutionary-veterinary-science
#13
Christine Böhmer, Estella Böhmer
In contrast to wild lagomorphs, pet rabbits exhibit a noticeably high frequency of dental problems. Although dietary habits are considered as a major factor contributing to acquired malocclusions, the exact causes and interrelationships are still under debate. In this regard, an important aspect that has not been considered thoroughly to date is the effect of diet-induced phenotypic plasticity in skull morphology. Therefore, we conducted a geometric morphometric analysis on skull radiological images of wild and pet rabbits in order to quantify intraspecific variation in craniomandibular morphology...
January 24, 2017: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053896/quality-and-reporting-of-guidelines-on-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-dystonia
#14
Gertrúd Tamás, Catarina Abrantes, Anabela Valadas, Péter Radics, Alberto Albanese, Marina A J Tijssen, Joaquim J Ferreira
BACKGROUND: The quality of clinical practice guidelines on dystonia has not yet been assessed. Our aim was to appraise the methodological quality of guidelines worldwide and analyze the consistency of their recommendations. METHODS: We searched for clinical practice guidelines on dystonia diagnosis/treatment in the National Guideline Clearinghouse, PubMed, National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, Guidelines International Network and Web of Science databases...
October 20, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043042/feedr-and-animalnexus-ca-a-paired-r-package-and-user-friendly-web-application-for-transforming-and-visualizing-animal-movement-data-from-static-stations
#15
Stefanie E LaZerte, Matthew W Reudink, Ken A Otter, Jackson Kusack, Jacob M Bailey, Austin Woolverton, Mark Paetkau, Adriaan de Jong, David J Hill
Radio frequency identification (RFID) provides a simple and inexpensive approach for examining the movements of tagged animals, which can provide information on species behavior and ecology, such as habitat/resource use and social interactions. In addition, tracking animal movements is appealing to naturalists, citizen scientists, and the general public and thus represents a tool for public engagement in science and science education. Although a useful tool, the large amount of data collected using RFID may quickly become overwhelming...
October 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042299/non-pharmacological-interventions-for-spasticity-in-adults-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#16
REVIEW
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya, Djamel Bensmail, Alain Yelnik
OBJECTIVES: Spasticity causes significant long-term disability-burden, requiring comprehensive management. This review evaluates evidence from published systematic reviews of clinical trials for effectiveness of non-pharmacological interventions for improved spasticity outcomes. METHODS: Data sources: a literature search was conducted using medical and health science electronic (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PubMed, and the Cochrane Library) databases for published systematic reviews up to 15th June 2017...
October 16, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038696/exploring-the-perception-of-nursing-students-about-consequences-of-reflection-in-clinical-settings
#17
Shahnaz Karimi, Fariba Haghani, Nikoo Yamani, Majid Najafi Kalyani
BACKGROUND: Reflection on practical experiences is a key element that enables students to recognize their own strengths and weaknesses and develop nursing skills. Whilst reflection may enhance students' learning in practice, there is little evidence about nursing students' perception of the consequences of reflection in clinical settings. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore Iranian nursing students' perception regarding the consequences of reflection during clinical practices...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034096/evaluating-the-impact-of-brexit-on-the-pharmaceutical-industry
#18
REVIEW
Fawz Kazzazi, Cleo Pollard, Paul Tern, Alejandro Ayuso-Garcia, Jack Gillespie, Inesa Thomsen
INTRODUCTION: The UK Pharmaceutical Industry is arguably one of the most important industries to consider in the negotiations following the Brexit vote. Providing tens of thousands of jobs and billions in tax revenue and research investment, the importance of this industry cannot be understated. At stake is the global leadership in the sector, which produces some of the field's most influential basic science and translation work. However, interruptions and losses may occur at multiple levels, affecting patients, researchers, universities, companies and government...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034095/current-and-emerging-brain-applications-of-mr-guided-focused-ultrasound
#19
REVIEW
Ying Meng, Suganth Suppiah, Karim Mithani, Benjamin Solomon, Michael L Schwartz, Nir Lipsman
MRI guided focused ultrasound is an emerging technique that uses acoustic energy to noninvasively treat intracranial disorders. At high frequencies, it can be used to raise tissue temperatures and ablate discrete brain targets with sub-millimeter accuracy. This application is currently under investigation for a broad range of clinical applications, including brain tumors, movement disorders, and psychiatric conditions. At low frequencies MRI guided focused ultrasound can be used to modulate neuronal activity and in conjunction with injected microbubbles, can open the blood-brain barrier to enhance the delivery of therapeutic compounds...
2017: Journal of Therapeutic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031191/the-effectiveness-of-a-head-heart-hands-model-for-natural-and-environmental-science-learning-in-urban-schools
#20
Radha Jagannathan, Michael J Camasso, Maia Delacalle
We describe an environmental and natural science program called Nurture thru Nature (NtN) that seeks to improve mathematics and science performance of students in disadvantaged communities, and to increase student interest in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) careers. The program draws conceptual guidance from the Head-Heart-Hands model that informs the current educational movement to foster environmental understanding and sustainability. Employing an experimental design and data from seven cohorts of students, we find some promising, albeit preliminary, indications that the program can increase students' science knowledge and grades in mathematics, science and language arts...
September 18, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
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