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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096027/work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-primary-health-care-nurses
#1
Tânia Ribeiro, Florentino Serranheira, Helena Loureiro
BACKGROUND: Work related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs) constitute a serious occupational health problem among registered nurses (RN) all around the world. Its prevalence is mainly associated with nurses' high physical demands that still remain poorly studied in primary health care (PHC). PURPOSE: To describe nurses' self-reported symptoms of WRMSDs (mainly discomfort and pain) in PHC, featuring the main work tasks that may have risk factors for its development...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065996/history-of-the-royal-college-of-chiropractic-sports-sciences-canada-the-early-years
#2
John De Finney, Gordon Lawson, David Gryfe, Susan Gillis-Lawson, John P Crawford
In 1978 the Canadian Chiropractic Association recognized the need to establish an organization that would prepare chiropractors to treat athletic injuries and promote these services to sports organizations. Dr. Adrian Grice approached three chiropractors to establish such an organization. The Canadian Chiropractic Sports Academy (CCSA) was established in 1978. This was the start of the chiropractic sports movement which has seen chiropractors playing prominent roles as team doctors to professional and amateur teams and athletes and in the delivery of care at major national and international competitions...
December 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048908/su-g-iep4-09-method-of-human-eye-aberration-measurement-using-plenoptic-camera-over-large-field-of-view
#3
Yang Lv, Ruixing Wang, Haotong Ma, Xuanzhe Zhang, Yu Ning, Xiaojun Xu
PURPOSE: The measurement based on Shack-Hartmann wave-front sensor(WFS), obtaining both the high and low order wave-front aberrations simultaneously and accurately, has been applied in the detection of human eyes aberration in recent years. However, Its application is limited by the small field of view (FOV), slight eye movement leads the optical bacon image exceeds the lenslet array which result in uncertain detection error. To overcome difficulties of precise eye location, the capacity of detecting eye wave-front aberration over FOV much larger than simply a single conjugate Hartmann WFS accurately and simultaneously is demanded...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048718/su-f-j-44-development-of-a-room-laser-based-real-time-alignment-monitoring-system-using-an-array-of-photodiodes
#4
Y Noh, S Kim, T Kim, S Kang, D Kim, M Cho, K Kim, D Shin, T Suh
PURPOSE: To develop a real-time alignment monitoring system (RAMS) to compensate for the limitations of the conventional room laser based alignment system, and to verify the feasibility of the RAMS. METHODS: The RAMS was composed of a room laser sensing array (RLSA), an analog-todigital converter, and a control PC. In the RLSA, seven photodiodes (each in 1 mm width) are arranged in a pattern that the RAMS provides alignment in 1 mm resolution. It works based on detecting laser light aligned on one of photodiodes...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048375/su-d-bra-01-feasibility-study-for-swallowing-prediction-using-pressure-sensors
#5
M Cho, S Kim, T Kim, D Kim, S Kang, K Kim, D Shin, Y Noh, T Suh
PURPOSE: To develop a swallowing prediction system (SPS) using force sensing sensors and evaluate its feasibility. METHODS: The SPS developed consists of force sensing sensor units, a thermoplastic mask, a signal transport device and a control PC installed with an in-house software. The SPS is designed to predict the pharyngeal stage of swallowing because it is known that internal organ movement occurs in pharyngeal stage. To detect prediction signal in the SPS, the force sensing sensor units were attached on both the submental muscle region and thyroid cartilage region of the thermoplastic mask...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045972/performance-optimization-of-marine-science-and-numerical-modeling-on-hpc-cluster
#6
Dongdong Yang, Hailong Yang, Luming Wang, Yucong Zhou, Zhiyuan Zhang, Rui Wang, Yi Liu
Marine science and numerical modeling (MASNUM) is widely used in forecasting ocean wave movement, through simulating the variation tendency of the ocean wave. Although efforts have been devoted to improve the performance of MASNUM from various aspects by existing work, there is still large space unexplored for further performance improvement. In this paper, we aim at improving the performance of propagation solver and data access during the simulation, in addition to the efficiency of output I/O and load balance...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044203/advances-with-neonatal-aerodigestive-science-in-the-pursuit-of-safe-swallowing-in-infants-invited-review
#7
Sudarshan R Jadcherla
Feeding, swallowing, and airway protection are three distinct entities. Feeding involves a process of sequential, neurosensory, and neuromotor interactions of reflexes and behaviors facilitating ingestion. Swallowing involves anterograde bolus movement during oral-, pharyngeal-, and esophageal phases of peristalsis into stomach. During these events, coordination with airway protection is vital for homeostasis in clearing any material away from airway vicinity. Neurological-airway-digestive inter-relationships are critical to the continuum of successful feeding patterns during infancy, either in health or disease...
January 2, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012731/another-stage-of-development-biological-degeneracy-and-the-study-of-bodily-ageing
#8
REVIEW
Paul H Mason, Ryszard Maleszka, Juan F Dominguez D
Ageing is a poorly understood process of human development mired by a scientific approach that struggles to piece together distributed variable factors involved in ongoing transformations of living systems. Reconfiguring existing research paradigms, we review the concept of 'degeneracy', which has divergent popular and technical definitions. The technical meaning of degeneracy refers to the structural diversity underlying functional plasticity. Degeneracy is a distributed system property that can be observed within individual brains or across different brains...
December 21, 2016: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992442/is-implicit-motor-learning-preserved-after-stroke-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#9
E Kal, M Winters, J van der Kamp, H Houdijk, E Groet, C van Bennekom, E Scherder
Many stroke patients experience difficulty with performing dual-tasks. A promising intervention to target this issue is implicit motor learning, as it should enhance patients' automaticity of movement. Yet, although it is often thought that implicit motor learning is preserved post-stroke, evidence for this claim has not been systematically analysed yet. Therefore, we systematically reviewed whether implicit motor learning is preserved post-stroke, and whether patients benefit more from implicit than from explicit motor learning...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957308/single-incision-laparoscopy-surgery-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Sasan Saeed Far, Sepide Miraj
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery is a modern surgical technique in which operations are performed far from their location through small incisions elsewhere in the body. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review is aimed to overview single-incision laparoscopy surgery. METHODS: This systematic review was carried out by searching studies in PubMed, Medline, Web of Science, and IranMedex databases. The initial search strategy identified about 87 references...
October 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939721/a-bioenergetics-assay-for-studying-the-effects-of-environmental-stressors-on-mitochondrial-function-in-vivo-in-zebrafish-larvae
#11
Tara D Raftery, Nishad Jayasundara, Richard T Di Giulio
Mitochondria, an integral component of cellular energy metabolism and other key functions, are extremely vulnerable to damage by environmental stressors. Although methods to measure mitochondrial function in vitro exist, sensitive, medium- to high-throughput assays that assess respiration within physiologically-relevant whole organisms are needed to identify drugs and/or chemicals that disrupt mitochondrial function, particularly at sensitive early developmental stages. Consequently, we have developed and optimized an assay to measure mitochondrial bioenergetics in zebrafish larvae using the XF(e)24 Extracellular Flux Analyzer...
February 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939089/the-resolve-trial-for-people-with-chronic-low-back-pain-protocol-for-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#12
Matthew K Bagg, Markus Hübscher, Martin Rabey, Benedict M Wand, Edel O'Hagan, G Lorimer Moseley, Tasha R Stanton, Chris G Maher, Stephen Goodall, Sopany Saing, Neil E O'Connell, Hannu Luomajoki, James H McAuley
INTRODUCTION: Low back pain is the leading worldwide cause of disability, and results in significant personal hardship. Most available treatments, when tested in high-quality randomised, controlled trials, achieve only modest improvements in pain, at best. Recently, treatments that target central nervous system function have been developed and tested in small studies. Combining treatments that target central nervous system function with traditional treatments directed towards functioning of the back is a promising approach that has yet to be tested in adequately powered, prospectively registered, clinical trials...
January 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939000/a-comparison-of-mandible-preservation-method-and-mandibulotomy-approach-in-oral-and-oropharyngeal-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#13
Pai Pang, Rui-Wu Li, Jing-Pu Shi, Zhong-Fei Xu, Wei-Yi Duan, Fa-Yu Liu, Shao-Hui Huang, Xue-Xin Tan, Chang-Fu Sun
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to compare the prognoses outcomes of mandibular preservation method (MPM) and the mandibulotomy approach (MLA) in oral and oropharyngeal cancer (OOPC) patients. METHOD: We searched PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, Chinese BioMedical Literature Database (CBM), Cochrane Library, and clinicaltrials.gov up to September 2016 to identify the studies that compared the prognoses of the MPM versus the MLA in OOPC patients. Two authors individually extracted the data and performed quality assessment...
December 2016: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930402/advancing-nursing-science-through-community-advisory-boards-working-effectively-across-diverse-communities
#14
Rosa M Gonzalez-Guarda, Emily J Jones, Elizabeth Cohn, Gordon L Gillespie, Felesia Bowen
The movement toward community-engaged research is well aligned with nursing's strong tradition of engaging individuals, families, and communities in designing and evaluating nursing care. As such, nurse scientists should consider engaging the recipients of care in the research process. Community advisory boards are a common way in which communities are engaged in research. The purpose of this article is to provide a framework for effectively working with community advisory boards in diverse communities that is informed by evidence and experiences of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Nurse Faculty Scholars...
December 6, 2016: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925132/-modern-day-slavery-as-a-public-health-issue
#15
Luís Henrique da Costa Leão
Modern-day slave labor is one of the most pernicious and persistent social problems in Brazil. In the light of the need to implement a national occupational health policy, this paper discusses slave labor as a public health concern, highlighting possibilities for broadening strategies for vigilance and comprehensive care for this specific working population. Exploratory qualitative research was carried out based on the "social construction of reality" proposed by Lenoir, Berger and Luckmann. The investigation consisted of a theoretical review of modern-day slave labor on the national and international scene within the scope of the human, social and public health sciences and an analysis of social and political practices to tackle modern-day slave labor was conducted in the State of Rio de Janeiro...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919863/applying-multiple-data-collection-tools-to-quantify-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-communication-on-twitter
#16
Philip M Massey, Amy Leader, Elad Yom-Tov, Alexandra Budenz, Kara Fisher, Ann C Klassen
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States. There are several vaccines that protect against strains of HPV most associated with cervical and other cancers. Thus, HPV vaccination has become an important component of adolescent preventive health care. As media evolves, more information about HPV vaccination is shifting to social media platforms such as Twitter. Health information consumed on social media may be especially influential for segments of society such as younger populations, as well as ethnic and racial minorities...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914357/moving-toward-heutagogical-learning-illuminating-undergraduate-nursing-students-experiences-in-a-flipped-classroom
#17
Rebecca D Green, Maura C Schlairet
BACKGROUND: Nurse educators rely on the tenets of educational theory and evidence-based education to promote the most effective curriculum and facilitate the best outcomes. The flipped classroom model, in which students assume personal responsibility for knowledge acquisition in a highly engaging and interactive environment, supports self-directed learning and the unique needs of clinical education. OBJECTIVE: To understand how students perceived their experiences in the flipped classroom and how students' learning dispositions were affected by the flipped classroom experience...
February 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914196/ecological-caring-revisiting-the-original-ideas-of-caring-science
#18
Helena Dahlberg, Albertine Ranheim, Karin Dahlberg
The aim of this empirically grounded philosophical paper is to explore the notion of holistic care with the intention to expand it into a notion of ecological care and in such a way revisit the original ideas of caring science. The philosophical analysis, driven by lifeworld theory and especially Merleau-Ponty's philosophy, is firmly rooted in contemporary clinical care. We used interview data from patients in a study at an anthroposophic clinic in Sweden, which forms part of an ecological community with, for example, ecological agriculture...
2016: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911022/membrane-defects-and-genetic-redundancy-are-we-at-a-turning-point-for-dyt1-dystonia
#19
REVIEW
Ana Cascalho, Julie Jacquemyn, Rose E Goodchild
Heterozygosity for a 3-base pair deletion (ΔGAG) in TOR1A/torsinA is one of the most common causes of hereditary dystonia. In this review, we highlight current understanding of how this mutation causes disease from research spanning structural biochemistry, cell science, neurobiology, and several model organisms. We now know that homozygosity for ΔGAG has the same effects as Tor1a(KO) , implicating a partial loss of function mechanism in the ΔGAG/+ disease state. In addition, torsinA loss specifically affects neurons in mice, even though the gene is broadly expressed, apparently because of differential expression of homologous torsinB...
December 2, 2016: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909954/fortifying-the-corrective-nature-of-post-publication-peer-review-identifying-weaknesses-use-of-journal-clubs-and-rewarding-conscientious-behavior
#20
Jaime A Teixeira da Silva, Aceil Al-Khatib, Judit Dobránszki
Most departments in any field of science that have a sound academic basis have discussion groups or journal clubs in which pertinent and relevant literature is frequently discussed, as a group. This paper shows how such discussions could help to fortify the post-publication peer review (PPPR) movement, and could thus fortify the value of traditional peer review, if their content and conclusions were made known to the wider academic community. Recently, there are some tools available for making PPPR viable, either as signed (PubMed Commons) or anonymous comments (PubPeer), or in a hybrid format (Publons)...
December 1, 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
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