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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340439/-origin-of-the-scientific-arguments-underlying-qualitative-research
#1
Maria Cecília de Souza Minayo
This article analyzes the origin of the primary arguments that underpin the qualitative approach, covering the birthplace of comprehensive and dialectical thought in Germany, its expansion into other countries such as France and the United States, and its spread into Latin America. The historical journey of the text starts with the development of modern science, examining the first empirical works in the Chicago School and the subsequent period of ostracism of qualitative research. The text also evidences a revival of comprehensive theoretical and empirical perspectives from the 1960s onwards, accompanying the cultural movement that came to question the great theoretical narratives and give rise to reflections on subjectivity...
October 2017: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339922/effect-of-rhythmic-auditory-cueing-on-gait-in-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Shashank Ghai, Ishan Ghai, Alfred O Effenberg
Auditory entrainment can influence gait performance in movement disorders. The entrainment can incite neurophysiological and musculoskeletal changes to enhance motor execution. However, a consensus as to its effects based on gait in people with cerebral palsy is still warranted. A systematic review and meta-analysis were carried out to analyze the effects of rhythmic auditory cueing on spatiotemporal and kinematic parameters of gait in people with cerebral palsy. Systematic identification of published literature was performed adhering to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses and American Academy for Cerebral Palsy and Developmental Medicine guidelines, from inception until July 2017, on online databases: Web of Science, PEDro, EBSCO, Medline, Cochrane, Embase and ProQuest...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328864/building-evidence-for-health-green-buildings-current-science-and-future-challenges
#3
J G Cedeño-Laurent, A Williams, P MacNaughton, X Cao, E Eitland, J Spengler, J Allen
Civilizational challenges have questioned the status quo of energy and material consumption by humans. From the built environment perspective, a response to these challenges was the creation of green buildings. Although the revolutionary capacity of the green building movement has elevated the expectations of new commercial construction, its rate of implementation has secluded the majority of the population from its benefits. Beyond reductions in energy usage and increases in market value, the main strength of green buildings may be the procurement of healthier building environments...
January 12, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327331/calibration-of-peripheral-perception-of-shape-with-and-without-saccadic-eye-movements
#4
Céline Paeye, Thérèse Collins, Patrick Cavanagh, Arvid Herwig
The cortical representations of a visual object differ radically across saccades. Several studies claim that the visual system adapts the peripheral percept to better match the subsequent foveal view. Recently, Herwig, Weiß, and Schneider (2015, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1339(1), 97-105) found that the perception of shape demonstrates a saccade-dependent learning effect. Here, we ask whether this learning actually requires saccades. We replicated Herwig et al.'s (2015) study and introduced a fixation condition...
January 11, 2018: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326297/current-status-and-future-directions-of-l%C3%A3-vy-walk-research
#5
REVIEW
Andy M Reynolds
Lévy walks are a mathematical construction useful for describing random patterns of movement with bizarre fractal properties that seem to have no place in biology. Nonetheless, movement patterns resembling Lévy walks have been observed at scales ranging from the microscopic to the ecological. They have been seen in the molecular machinery operating within cells during intracellular trafficking, in the movement patterns of T cells within the brain, in DNA, in some molluscs, insects, fish, birds and mammals, in the airborne flights of spores and seeds, and in the collective movements of some animal groups...
January 11, 2018: Biology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318991/in-vitro-investigation-of-the-pediculicidal-activities-of-the-volatile-oil-components-of-some-medical-plants-raised-in-turkey
#6
M Emin Limoncu, Cüneyt Balcıoğlu, Tuğba Oyur, Gizem Zeybek, Ulvi Zeybek
OBJECTIVE: The human head louse Pediculus capitis has recently acquired resistance to commercially available insecticides, which has expanded the search concerning the pediculicidal activities of some herbal products. The present study aimed to assess the in vitro pediculicidal activities of volatile oils extracted from 10 medical plants raised in Turkey: Rosa damascena (red provins rose), Pelargonium graveolens (geranium), Lavandula angustifolia (lavender), Salvia triloba (salvia), Rosmarinus officinalis (rosemary; two different chemotypes), Citrus bergamia (citrus tree), Cymbopogon nardus (citronella), Citrus limonum (lemon), and Cymbopogon flexuosus (lemongrass)...
December 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317079/biotensegrity-and-myofascial-chains-a-global-approach-to-an-integrated-kinetic-chain
#7
S L Dischiavi, A A Wright, E J Hegedus, C M Bleakley
Human movement is a complex orchestration of events involving many different body systems. Understanding how these systems interact during musculoskeletal movements can directly inform a variety of research fields including: injury etiology, injury prevention and therapeutic exercise prescription. Traditionally scientists have examined human movement through a reductionist lens whereby movements are broken down and observed in isolation. The process of reductionism fails to capture the interconnected complexities and the dynamic interactions found within complex systems such as human movement...
January 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309174/-frequency-of-verbs-with-psychiatric-or-psychological-characteristics-made-by-the-croatian-prefixes-po-and-pri-in-the-speech-of-the-eastern-part-of-the-croatian-ravni-kotari-region
#8
Eduard Pavlović, Alojz Pavlović, Jelena Pavlović, Vlatka Pavlović
A prefix (a category of an affix) added in front of the radix or the base make together one unit, determining the significance or grammatical function of the word. Our intention is to research the verbs with psychiatric or psychological characteristics made with the Croatian prefixes po and pri in the determined linguistic types. One linguistic material (issue) of the speech of the eastern part of the Croatian Ravni Kotari region (one of the types of the Croatian štokavska ikavica dialect), which had before been collected by brothers Alojz and Eduard Pavlović, was used for this research...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305762/the-dance-of-attention-toward-an-aesthetic-dimension-of-attention-deficit
#9
Kasper Levin
What role does the aesthetics of bodily movement play in the understanding of attention among children diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)? This article animates a phenomenological approach to attention and embodiment with a special focus on the relation between aesthetic or expressive bodily movement and behavioral awareness in children diagnosed with ADHD. However, beyond this it is argued that the aesthetic aspect of movement calls for an expansion of the phenomenological perspective...
January 5, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305454/efficacy-and-adverse-effects-of-collagenase-use-in-the-treatment-of-dupuytren-s-disease-a-meta-analysis
#10
R Sanjuan-Cerveró, F J Carrera-Hueso, P Vazquez-Ferreiro, M A Ramon-Barrios
AIMS: The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the safety and efficacy of collagenase clostridium histolyticum compared with fasciectomy and percutaneous needle fasciotomy (PNF) for Dupuytren's disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, EMBASE, LILACS, Web of Science, Cochrane, Teseo and the ClinicalTrials.gov registry for clinical trials and cohort or case-control studies which compared the clinical outcomes and adverse effects of collagenase with those of fasciectomy or PNF...
January 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277844/shared-participatory-research-principles-and-methodologies-perspectives-from-the-usa-and-brazil-45-years-after-paulo-freire-s-pedagogy-of-the-oppressed
#11
Nina Wallerstein, Leandro L Giatti, Cláudia Maria Bógus, Marco Akerman, Pedro Roberto Jacobi, Renata Ferraz de Toledo, Rosilda Mendes, Sonia Acioli, Margaret Bluehorse-Anderson, Shelley Frazier, Marita Jones
The trajectory of participation in health research by community social actors worldwide has been built on a history of community participation from the Ottawa Charter Health Promotion call for community mobilization, to the emancipatory educational philosophy of Paulo Freire, to social movements and organizing for health and social justice. This paper builds on this history to expand our global knowledge about community participation in research through a dialogue between experiences and contexts in two prominent countries in this approach; the United States and Brazil...
June 2017: Societies (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259571/a-public-database-of-immersive-vr-videos-with-corresponding-ratings-of-arousal-valence-and-correlations-between-head-movements-and-self-report-measures
#12
Benjamin J Li, Jeremy N Bailenson, Adam Pines, Walter J Greenleaf, Leanne M Williams
Virtual reality (VR) has been proposed as a methodological tool to study the basic science of psychology and other fields. One key advantage of VR is that sharing of virtual content can lead to more robust replication and representative sampling. A database of standardized content will help fulfill this vision. There are two objectives to this study. First, we seek to establish and allow public access to a database of immersive VR video clips that can act as a potential resource for studies on emotion induction using virtual reality...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259530/%C3%A2-an-appreciation-of-the-gene-an-intimate-history-by-siddhartha-mukherjee-and-a-call-for-expanded-training-in-the-responsible-conduct-of-research%C3%A2
#13
REVIEW
Evan D Morris
The Gene: An Intimate History by Siddhartha Mukherjee, first published in 2016, is a comprehensive and fascinating recounting of the discovery of the gene and genetics research from wrinkled peas to CRISPR/Cas9 and all the details in between. In Mukherjee's sweeping history, the science is clearly depicted but also tightly integrated into the political movements and world events that it spawned, both hopeful and detestable. Two stories from The Gene are the central focuses of this article. One story is driven by the desire of Eugenicists in early 20th century America to rid the population of defective traits...
December 2017: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258497/non-invasive-genetic-monitoring-involving-citizen-science-enables-reconstruction-of-current-pack-dynamics-in-a-re-establishing-wolf-population
#14
Hanna Granroth-Wilding, Craig Primmer, Meri Lindqvist, Jenni Poutanen, Olaf Thalmann, Jouni Aspi, Jenni Harmoinen, Ilpo Kojola, Toni Laaksonen
BACKGROUND: Carnivores are re-establishing in many human-populated areas, where their presence is often contentious. Reaching consensus on management decisions is often hampered by a dispute over the size of the local carnivore population. Understanding the reproductive dynamics and individual movements of the carnivores can provide support for management decisions, but individual-level information can be difficult to obtain from elusive, wide-ranging species. Non-invasive genetic sampling can yield such information, but makes subsequent reconstruction of population history challenging due to incomplete population coverage and error-prone data...
December 19, 2017: BMC Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242568/automatic-multiple-zebrafish-larvae-tracking-in-unconstrained-microscopic-video-conditions
#15
Xiaoying Wang, Eva Cheng, Ian S Burnett, Yushi Huang, Donald Wlodkowic
The accurate tracking of zebrafish larvae movement is fundamental to research in many biomedical, pharmaceutical, and behavioral science applications. However, the locomotive characteristics of zebrafish larvae are significantly different from adult zebrafish, where existing adult zebrafish tracking systems cannot reliably track zebrafish larvae. Further, the far smaller size differentiation between larvae and the container render the detection of water impurities inevitable, which further affects the tracking of zebrafish larvae or require very strict video imaging conditions that typically result in unreliable tracking results for realistic experimental conditions...
December 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242023/open-access-journal-policies-a-systematic-analysis-of-radiology-journals
#16
Anand Narayan, Katie Lobner, Jan Fritz
OBJECTIVE: The open access movement has pushed for greater access to scientific knowledge by expanding access to scientific journal articles. There is limited information about the extent to which open access policies have been adopted by radiology journals. We performed a systematic analysis to ascertain the proportion of radiology journals with open access options. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search was performed with the assistance of a clinical informationist. Full and mixed English-language diagnostic and interventional radiology Web of Science journals (impact factors > 1...
December 11, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240330/regulating-black-box-medicine
#17
W Nicholson Price
Data drive modern medicine. And our tools to analyze those data are growing ever more powerful. As health data are collected in greater and greater amounts, sophisticated algorithms based on those data can drive medical innovation, improve the process of care, and increase efficiency. Those algorithms, however, vary widely in quality. Some are accurate and powerful, while others may be riddled with errors or based on faulty science. When an opaque algorithm recommends an insulin dose to a diabetic patient, how do we know that dose is correct? Patients, providers, and insurers face substantial difficulties in identifying high-quality algorithms; they lack both expertise and proprietary information...
2017: Michigan Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239047/does-the-amount-of-lower-extremity-movement-variability-differ-between-injured-and-uninjured-populations-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Samuel R Baida, Shane J Gore, Andrew D Franklyn-Miller, Kieran A Moran
Movement variability during repetitive performance of a dynamic activity (e.g. running, jumping, kicking) is considered an integral characteristic of optimal movement execution, however, it's relationship with musculoskeletal injury is not known. The primary aim of this paper was to review published comparison trials to determine if movement variability differs between uninjured controls and subjects with a lower limb musculoskeletal injury. A systematic search of online databases; Medline, Sports Discus, Scopus and Web of Science was conducted from July to November 2016...
December 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237578/the-effectiveness-of-exercise-therapy-on-scapular-position-and-motion-in-individuals-with-scapular-dyskinesis-systematic-review-protocol
#19
Afsun Nodehi Moghadam, Kianoush Abdi, Mohsen Shati, Shohreh Noorizadeh Dehkordi, Abbas Ali Keshtkar, Zahra Mosallanezhad
BACKGROUND: Scapular dyskinesis is an alteration in normal scapular position and motion. Some researchers believe that altered kinematics of the scapula subsequent to dysfunction or weakness of scapular stabilizing muscles contributes to impingement syndrome. Scapular muscle exercises are included in the rehabilitation of patients with subacromial impingement syndrome and scapular dyskinesis because the muscular system is one of the major contributors of scapular positioning both at rest and during shoulder movement, but there is considerable uncertainty relating to the relative effectiveness of such approaches on changing scapular position and motion...
December 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235962/perspectives-on-policy-and-the-value-of-nursing-science-in-a-big-data-era
#20
Sheila M Gephart, Mary Davis, Kimberly Shea
As data volume explodes, nurse scientists grapple with ways to adapt to the big data movement without jeopardizing its epistemic values and theoretical focus that celebrate while acknowledging the authority and unity of its body of knowledge. In this article, the authors describe big data and emphasize ways that nursing science brings value to its study. Collective nursing voices that call for more nursing engagement in the big data era are answered with ways to adapt and integrate theoretical and domain expertise from nursing into data science...
January 2018: Nursing Science Quarterly
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