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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919862/changes-in-dimensionality-and-fractal-scaling-suggest-soft-assembled-dynamics-in-human-eeg
#1
Travis J Wiltshire, Matthew J Euler, Ty L McKinney, Jonathan E Butner
Humans are high-dimensional, complex systems consisting of many components that must coordinate in order to perform even the simplest of activities. Many behavioral studies, especially in the movement sciences, have advanced the notion of soft-assembly to describe how systems with many components coordinate to perform specific functions while also exhibiting the potential to re-structure and then perform other functions as task demands change. Consistent with this notion, within cognitive neuroscience it is increasingly accepted that the brain flexibly coordinates the networks needed to cope with changing task demands...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918567/expansion-of-parents-undetermined-experience-in-socioeducational-programs-extending-the-dialogical-self-theory
#2
Dany Boulanger
The Dialogic Self Theory (DST-Hermans et al. Integrative Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, 51(4), 1-31, 2017) is extended here in its dynamic aspects through focusing on the notions of indeterminacy, emptiness and movement. Linking with Husserl, I propose moving the dialogical self (DS) from a clear position in the "repertory of the Self" to an undetermined horizon. This makes it possible to introduce "holes" (emptiness) into the schematic representation of the "repertory of the Self". Yet Husserl's concept of horizon seems to focus too much on making the indeterminable determinate...
September 16, 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905504/is-essential-tremor-a-single-entity
#3
Franziska Hopfner, Günther Deuschl
Essential tremor (ET) is a frequent movement disorder. A new tremor classification has subdivided ET, into the classical form with bilateral action tremor of the hands with or without involvement of further tremor locations and without any other explaining signs or symptoms for the tremor and into 'ET plus' which comes additionally with further neurologic signs of unknown origin. This will provide a better foundation for subclassifying the condition. The immediate cause of ET is a preformed oscillating network within the central nervous system as revealed with electrophysiologic methods...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893819/agriculture-and-health-sectors-collaborate-in-addressing-population-health
#4
Arthur Kaufman, Jon Boren, Sonja Koukel, Francisco Ronquillo, Cindy Davies, Carolina Nkouaga
PURPOSE: Population health is of growing importance in the changing health care environment. The Cooperative Extension Service, housed in each state's land grant university, has a major impact on population health through its many community-based efforts, including the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program - Education (SNAP-Ed) nutrition programs, 4-H youth engagement, health and wellness education, and community development. Can the agricultural and health sectors, which usually operate in parallel, mostly unknown to each other, collaborate to address population health? We set out to provide an overview of the collaboration between the Cooperative Extension Service and the health sector in various states and describe a case study of 1 model as it developed in New Mexico...
September 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890168/sleep-disturbances-increase-the-risk-of-dementia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Le Shi, Si-Jing Chen, Meng-Ying Ma, Yan-Ping Bao, Ying Han, Yu-Mei Wang, Jie Shi, Michael V Vitiello, Lin Lu
Sleep disturbances and dementia are two common and significant health problems in older adults. Investigations suggest that sleep disturbances might increase the risk of dementia. The aim of the present study was to systematically review and meta-analyze the predictive roles of overall sleep disturbances, their subtypes (e.g., insomnia, sleep disordered breathing [SDB]), and other sleep problems (e.g., excessive daytime sleepiness, sleep-related movement disorder, circadian rhythm sleep disorder, and nonspecific sleep problems) in incident all-cause dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD) and vascular dementia subtypes...
July 6, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886473/strategies-for-injury-prevention-in-brazilian-football-perceptions-of-physiotherapists-and-practices-of-premier-league-teams
#6
Maurício Couto Meurer, Marcelo Faria Silva, Bruno Manfredini Baroni
OBJECTIVES: To describe the physiotherapists perceptions and the current practices for injury prevention in elite football (soccer) clubs in Brazil. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Group of Science in Sports & Exercise, Federal University of Healthy Sciences of Porto Alegre (Brazil). PARTICIPANTS: 16 of the 20 football clubs involved in the Brazilian premier league 2015. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Physiotherapists answered a structured questionnaire...
July 25, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882707/functional-connectivity-of-large-scale-brain-networks-in-patients-with-anti-nmda-receptor-encephalitis-an-observational-study
#7
Michael Peer, Harald Prüss, Inbal Ben-Dayan, Friedemann Paul, Shahar Arzy, Carsten Finke
BACKGROUND: In anti-NMDA receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis, antibody-mediated dysfunction of NMDARs causes severe neuropsychiatric symptoms, including psychosis, memory deficits, and movement disorders. However, it remains elusive how antibody-mediated NMDAR dysfunction leads to these symptoms, and whether the symptoms arise from impairment in specific brain regions and the interactions between impaired regions. METHODS: In this observational study, we recruited 43 patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis from a tertiary university hospital and 43 age-matched and sex-matched healthy controls without a history of neurological or psychiatric disorders, who were recruited from the general population of Berlin...
September 4, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882443/debate-on-vaccines-and-autoimmunity-do-not-attack-the-author-yet-discuss-it-methodologically
#8
Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Abdulla Watad, Howard Amital, Yehuda Shoenfeld
Since Jenner, vaccines and vaccinations have stirred a hot, highly polarized debate, leading to contrasting positions and feelings, ranging from acritical enthusiasm to blind denial. On the one hand, we find anti-vaccination movements which divulge and disseminate misleading information, myths, prejudices, and even frauds, with the main aim of denying that vaccination practices represent a major public health measure, being effective in controlling infectious diseases and safeguarding the wellbeing of entire communities...
September 4, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882263/evaluating-the-stability-of-a-freestanding-mast-climbing-work-platform
#9
Bryan Wimer, Christopher Pan, Tim Lutz, Mat Hause, Chris Warren, Ren Dong, Sherry Xu
Mast Climbing Work Platforms (MCWPs) are becoming more common at construction sites and are being used as an alternative to traditional scaffolding. Although their use is increasing, little to no published information exists on the potential safety hazards they could pose for workers. As a last line of defense, a personal fall-arrest system can be used to save a worker in a fall incident from the platform. There has been no published information on whether it is safe to use such a personal fall-arrest system with MCWPs...
September 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876390/the-influence-of-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-and-paracetamol-used-for-pain-control-of-orthodontic-tooth-movement-a-systematic-review
#10
Adriano S Corrêa, Vinícius L DE Almeida, Beatriz M V Lopes, Ademir Franco, Felipe R DE Matos, Lucindo J Quintans-Júnior, Sigmar M Rode, Luiz R Paranhos
The present study aimed to perform a systematic literature review to determine if there is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that interferes less within tooth movement. This research was performed according to the PRISMA statement. Articles were searched in eight electronic databases (PubMed, Scopus, Embase, Web of Science, LILACS, SciELO, Google Scholar, and Open Grey). Only experimental studies on male Wistar rats were selected, which included experiments related to the influence of NSAIDs on orthodontic movement...
August 31, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872574/past-present-and-future-of-psychosomatic-movements-in-an-ever-changing-world-presidential-address
#11
Christoph Herrmann-Lingen
OBJECTIVES: The American Psychosomatic Society (APS) was founded in 1942 and is celebrating its 75th anniversary in 2017. In recognizing the society's anniversary, this article provides a historical perspective on its history, the field of psychosomatic medicine in general, and anticipated future directions. METHODS: Essay and narrative review of the literature on the historic development of psychosomatic concepts and their impact on medicine over time. RESULTS: Mind-body associations have been described in the medical literature over more than 3,500 years...
September 1, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869435/in-vivo-effects-of-limb-movement-on-nerve-stretch-strain-and-tension-a-systematic-review
#12
Tibor Szikszay, Toby Hall, Harry von Piekartz
BACKROUND: The mechanical behavior of the peripheral nervous system under elongation and tension has not been adequately established in vivo. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to investigate the mechanical behavior of the peripheral nervous system in vivo. METHODS: In vivo studies which evaluated the effects of limb movement and neurodynamic tests on peripheral nerve biomechanics were systematically searched in PubMed (Medline), the Cochrane Database, CINAHL, PEDro, Embase and Web of Science...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861130/using-expectancy-value-theory-as-a-framework-to-reduce-student-resistance-to-active-learning-a-proof-of-concept
#13
Katelyn M Cooper, Michael Ashley, Sara E Brownell
There has been a national movement to transition college science courses from passive lectures to active learning environments. Active learning has been shown to be a more effective way for students to learn, yet there is concern that some students are resistant to active learning approaches. Although there is much discussion about student resistance to active learning, few studies have explored this topic. Furthermore, a limited number of studies have applied theoretical frameworks to student engagement in active learning...
2017: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859592/dr-abbott-leaves-jospt-to-focus-on-research-program
#14
(no author information available yet)
The Board of Directors of JOSPT(®), Inc, d/b/a Movement Science Media (MSM), has accepted the resignation of J. Haxby Abbott, PhD, DPT, FNZCP, as Editor-in-Chief (EIC) of the Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy, effective December 31, 2017. Dr Abbott is leaving JOSPT to focus on his research program and to spend time with his young family. The Board expects to appoint an interim EIC and to begin a search for Dr Abbott's successor. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2017;47(9):587. doi:10.2519/jospt.2017...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857369/direct-analysis-of-volatile-organic-compounds-in-foods-by-headspace-extraction-atmospheric-pressure-chemical-ionisation-mass-spectrometry
#15
P Perez-Hurtado, E Palmer, T Owen, C Aldcroft, M H Allen, J Jones, C S Creaser, M R Lindley, M A Turner, J C Reynolds
RATIONALE: The rapid screening of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) by direct analysis has potential applications in the areas of food and flavour science. Currently the technique of choice for VOC analysis is gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS). However, the long chromatographic run times and elaborate sample preparation associated with this technique have led a movement towards direct analysis techniques, such as selected ion flow tube mass spectrometry (SIFT-MS), proton transfer reaction mass spectrometry (PTR-MS) and electronic noses...
August 30, 2017: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851382/a-realist-synthesis-of-cross-border-patient-movement-from-low-and-middle-income-countries-to-similar-or-higher-income-countries
#16
REVIEW
Jo Durham, Sarah J Blondell
Patient travel across borders to access healthcare is becoming increasingly common and widespread. Patients moving from high income to middle income countries for healthcare is well documented, with patients seeking treatments that are cheaper or more readily available than at home. Less well understood is when patients move from one low income country to another or from a low income country to a higher income country. In this paper, a realist review was undertaken to explore why, in what contexts and how patients from lower income countries travel to countries with the same, or more advanced, economies for planned healthcare...
August 29, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828182/tendon-injuries-basic-science-and-new-repair-proposals
#17
REVIEW
Fan Wu, Michael Nerlich, Denitsa Docheva
Tendons connect muscles to bones, ensuring joint movement. With advanced age, tendons become more prone to degeneration followed by injuries. Tendon repair often requires lengthy periods of rehabilitation, especially in elderly patients. Existing medical and surgical treatments often fail to regain full tendon function.The development of novel treatment methods has been hampered due to limited understanding of basic tendon biology. Recently, it was discovered that tendons, similar to other mesenchymal tissues, contain tendon stem/progenitor cells (TSPCs) which possess the common stem cell properties...
July 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820754/sleep-apps-what-role-do-they-play-in-clinical-medicine
#18
Christopher P Lorenz, Adrian J Williams
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Today's smartphones boast more computing power than the Apollo Guidance Computer. Given the ubiquity and popularity of smartphones, are we already carrying around miniaturized sleep labs in our pockets? RECENT FINDINGS: There is still a lack of validation studies for consumer sleep technologies in general and apps for monitoring sleep in particular. To overcome this gap, multidisciplinary teams are needed that focus on feasibility work at the intersection of software engineering, data science and clinical sleep medicine...
August 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820018/evidence-based-creativity-working-between-art-and-science-in-the-field-of-fine-dining
#19
Chad Borkenhagen
This article examines how scientific knowledge drives creativity in the small but influential culinary movement of 'modernist cuisine'. Originating in the mid-1990s, modernist cuisine began with a small group of avant-garde chefs using science to produce wildly innovative culinary creations. Since then, many of the movement's innovations, as well as its more general 'science-based' approach to cooking, have gained adoption among a diverse range of culinary professionals. But while science has enabled modernist chefs to produce a wide array of innovations and refinements, the group's embrace of scientific values poses a potential threat to the subjective, intuition-driven logic of culinary creativity...
August 1, 2017: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813201/applying-movement-ecology-to-marine-animals-with-complex-life-cycles
#20
Richard M Allen, Anna Metaxas, Paul V R Snelgrove
Marine animals with complex life cycles may move passively or actively for fertilization, dispersal, predator avoidance, resource acquisition, and migration, and over scales from micrometers to thousands of kilometers. This diversity has catalyzed idiosyncratic and unfocused research, creating unsound paradigms regarding the role of movement in ecology and evolution. The emerging movement ecology paradigm offers a framework to consolidate movement research independent of taxon, life-history stage, scale, or discipline...
August 16, 2017: Annual Review of Marine Science
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