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Giuseppe Corbo

Melania Filareti, Silvia Luotti, Laura Pasetto, Mauro Pignataro, Katia Paolella, Paolo Messina, Elisabetta Pupillo, Massimiliano Filosto, Christian Lunetta, Jessica Mandrioli, Giuseppe Fuda, Andrea Calvo, Adriano Chiò, Massimo Corbo, Caterina Bendotti, Ettore Beghi, Valentina Bonetto
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease characterized by a progressive upper and lower motor neuron degeneration. One of the peculiar clinical characteristics of ALS is the wide distribution in age of onset, which is probably caused by different combinations of intrinsic and exogenous factors. We investigated whether these modifying factors are converging into common pathogenic pathways leading either to an early or a late disease onset. This would imply the identification of phenotypic biomarkers, that can distinguish the two populations of ALS patients, and of relevant pathways to consider in a therapeutic intervention...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
Andrea Smargiassi, Giuliana Pasciuto, Ilaria Pedicelli, Erminia Lo Greco, Mariarosaria Calvello, Riccardo Inchingolo, Gioacchino Schifino, Patrizio Capoluongo, Pasquale Patriciello, Maurizio Manno, Alfonso Cirillo, Giuseppe Maria Corbo, Gino Soldati, Ivo Iavicoli
OBJECTIVES: Exposure to asbestos fibers can lead to different lung diseases, such as pleural thickening and effusion, asbestosis, mesothelioma, and lung cancer. These diseases are expected to peak in the next few years. The aim of the study was to validate ultrasonography (US) as a diagnostic tool in the management of lung diseases in subjects with a history of occupational exposure to asbestos. METHODS: Fifty-nine retired male workers previously exposed to asbestos were enrolled in the study...
January 1, 2017: Toxicology and Industrial Health
Angela Rizzi, Eleonora Nucera, Lucrezia Laterza, Eleonora Gaetani, Venanzio Valenza, Giuseppe M Corbo, Riccardo Inchingolo, Alessandro Buonomo, Domenico Schiavino, Antonio Gasbarrini
Background/Aims: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is characterized by chronic abdominal pain or discomfort accompanied by abnormal bowel movements. In sensitized subjects, ingested nickel (Ni) may induce gastrointestinal symptoms similar to IBS, in addition to typical systemic cutaneous lesions (systemic nickel allergy syndrome [SNAS]). A low nickel diet could improve the systemic manifestations. We evaluated prevalence of nickel allergy in IBS and effects of low Ni diet on (1) gastrointestinal symptoms control, (2) intestinal barrier function, (3) quality of life, and (4) psychological status of patients with IBS and Ni-sensitized patients...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
Giuseppe Francesco Sferrazza Papa, Giulia Michela Pellegrino, Fabiano Di Marco, Massimo Corbo, Stefano Centanni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Giuseppe F Sferrazza Papa, Piero DE Giampaulis, Fabiano DI Marco, Massimo Corbo
The decision to discharge in patients affected by acute exacerbation of COPD remains a common problem due to the complexity of the assessment of clinical recovery, with early readmission perceived as a marker of incompleteness of the received treatment. The neural respiratory drive, assessed by parasternal muscle electromyography, represents an estimate of the load imposed to the respiratory muscles and it may identify early clinical deterioration. The test is noninvasive, may be executed bedside, but requires experienced operators...
December 2016: Minerva Medica
Michele Simbolo, Andrea Mafficini, Katarzyna O Sikora, Matteo Fassan, Stefano Barbi, Vincenzo Corbo, Luca Mastracci, Borislav Rusev, Federica Grillo, Caterina Vicentini, Roberto Ferrara, Sara Pilotto, Federico Davini, Giuseppe Pelosi, Rita T Lawlor, Marco Chilosi, Giampaolo Tortora, Emilio Bria, Gabriella Fontanini, Marco Volante, Aldo Scarpa
Next-generation sequencing (NGS) was applied to 148 lung neuroendocrine tumours (LNETs) comprising the four World Health Organization classification categories: 53 typical carcinoid (TCs), 35 atypical carcinoid (ACs), 27 large-cell neuroendocrine carcinomas, and 33 small-cell lung carcinomas. A discovery screen was conducted on 46 samples by the use of whole-exome sequencing and high-coverage targeted sequencing of 418 genes. Eighty-eight recurrently mutated genes from both the discovery screen and current literature were verified in the 46 cases of the discovery screen, and validated on additional 102 LNETs by targeted NGS; their prevalence was then evaluated on the whole series...
March 2017: Journal of Pathology
Daniela Scarabino, Elisabetta Broggio, Giuseppe Gambina, Carlotta Maida, Maria Rosa Gaudio, Rosa Maria Corbo
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is the transition stage between the normal aging process and dementia itself. The most common clinical phenotype is amnestic MCI (aMCI) [subtypes: single domain (sMCI) and multiple domains (mMCI)], which is considered prodromal to Alzheimer's disease (AD). The APOE (apolipoprotein E) e4 allele is the most important genetic risk factor for AD, but its association with MCI onset and conversion to AD is controversial. In this follow-up study of 88 aMCI patients (68% sMCI and 32% mMCI at baseline), we examined APOE genotypes and plasma levels in relation to MCI development and progression based on their clinical/cognitive data obtained at baseline and follow-up assessment (mean follow-up time = 6...
December 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
Pasquale Russo, Vittorio Capozzi, Giuseppe Spano, Maria R Corbo, Milena Sinigaglia, Antonio Bevilacqua
Safety and quality are significant challenges for food; namely, safety represents a big threat all over the world and is one of the most important goal to be achieved in both Western Society and Developing Countries. Wine safety mainly relies upon some metabolites and many of them are of microbial origin. The main goal of this review is a focus on two kinds of compounds (biogenic amines and mycotoxins, mainly Ochratoxin A) for their deleterious effects on health. For each class of compounds, we will focus on two different traits: (a) synthesis of the compounds in wine, with a brief description of the most important microorganisms and factors leading this phenomenon; (b) prevention and/or correction strategies and new trends...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Daniela Scarabino, Giuseppe Gambina, Elisabetta Broggio, Franca Pelliccia, Rosa Maria Corbo
Family history of dementia (FH) is a recognized risk factor for developing late-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD). We asked whether having FH increases AD risk and influences disease severity (age at onset and cognitive impairment) in 420 AD patients and 109 controls with (FH+) or without (FH-). The relationships of APOE and other AD risk genes with FH were analyzed as well. The proportion of APOE e4 allele carriers was higher among the FH+ than the FH- AD patients (49.6% vs. 38.9%; P = 0.04). The distribution of the risk genotypes of nine AD susceptibility genes previously examined (CHAT, CYP17, CYP19, ESR1, FSHR, P53, P73, P21, PPARG) did not differ between the FH+ and the FH- AD patients, indicating that none contributed significantly to familial clustering of disease...
March 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
Nicola Waddell, Marina Pajic, Ann-Marie Patch, David K Chang, Karin S Kassahn, Peter Bailey, Amber L Johns, David Miller, Katia Nones, Kelly Quek, Michael C J Quinn, Alan J Robertson, Muhammad Z H Fadlullah, Tim J C Bruxner, Angelika N Christ, Ivon Harliwong, Senel Idrisoglu, Suzanne Manning, Craig Nourse, Ehsan Nourbakhsh, Shivangi Wani, Peter J Wilson, Emma Markham, Nicole Cloonan, Matthew J Anderson, J Lynn Fink, Oliver Holmes, Stephen H Kazakoff, Conrad Leonard, Felicity Newell, Barsha Poudel, Sarah Song, Darrin Taylor, Nick Waddell, Scott Wood, Qinying Xu, Jianmin Wu, Mark Pinese, Mark J Cowley, Hong C Lee, Marc D Jones, Adnan M Nagrial, Jeremy Humphris, Lorraine A Chantrill, Venessa Chin, Angela M Steinmann, Amanda Mawson, Emily S Humphrey, Emily K Colvin, Angela Chou, Christopher J Scarlett, Andreia V Pinho, Marc Giry-Laterriere, Ilse Rooman, Jaswinder S Samra, James G Kench, Jessica A Pettitt, Neil D Merrett, Christopher Toon, Krishna Epari, Nam Q Nguyen, Andrew Barbour, Nikolajs Zeps, Nigel B Jamieson, Janet S Graham, Simone P Niclou, Rolf Bjerkvig, Robert Grützmann, Daniela Aust, Ralph H Hruban, Anirban Maitra, Christine A Iacobuzio-Donahue, Christopher L Wolfgang, Richard A Morgan, Rita T Lawlor, Vincenzo Corbo, Claudio Bassi, Massimo Falconi, Giuseppe Zamboni, Giampaolo Tortora, Margaret A Tempero, Anthony J Gill, James R Eshleman, Christian Pilarsky, Aldo Scarpa, Elizabeth A Musgrove, John V Pearson, Andrew V Biankin, Sean M Grimmond
Pancreatic cancer remains one of the most lethal of malignancies and a major health burden. We performed whole-genome sequencing and copy number variation (CNV) analysis of 100 pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (PDACs). Chromosomal rearrangements leading to gene disruption were prevalent, affecting genes known to be important in pancreatic cancer (TP53, SMAD4, CDKN2A, ARID1A and ROBO2) and new candidate drivers of pancreatic carcinogenesis (KDM6A and PREX2). Patterns of structural variation (variation in chromosomal structure) classified PDACs into 4 subtypes with potential clinical utility: the subtypes were termed stable, locally rearranged, scattered and unstable...
February 26, 2015: Nature
Giuseppe Lauria, Eleonora Dalla Bella, Giovanni Antonini, Giuseppe Borghero, Margherita Capasso, Claudia Caponnetto, Adriano Chiò, Massimo Corbo, Roberto Eleopra, Raffaella Fazio, Massimiliano Filosto, Fabio Giannini, Enrico Granieri, Vincenzo La Bella, Giancarlo Logroscino, Jessica Mandrioli, Letizia Mazzini, Maria Rosaria Monsurrò, Gabriele Mora, Vladimiro Pietrini, Rocco Quatrale, Romana Rizzi, Fabrizio Salvi, Gabriele Siciliano, Gianni Sorarù, Paolo Volanti, Irene Tramacere, Graziella Filippini
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). METHODS: Patients with probable laboratory-supported, probable or definite ALS were enrolled by 25 Italian centres and randomly assigned (1:1) to receive intravenous rhEPO 40,000 IU or placebo fortnightly as add-on treatment to riluzole 100 mg daily for 12 months. The primary composite outcome was survival, tracheotomy or >23 h non-invasive ventilation (NIV)...
August 2015: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
Gino Soldati, Andrea Smargiassi, Riccardo Inchingolo, Sara Sher, Rosanna Nenna, Salvatore Valente, Cosimo Damiano Inchingolo, Giuseppe Maria Corbo
BACKGROUND: Echographic vertical artifacts (B-lines) in chest ultrasonography have often been associated with pathological patterns. A scientifically sound explanation of these artifacts has not yet been proposed. OBJECTIVES: The 'spongy' nature of the lung in its liquid and solid components and the changes that take place in peripheral airspace (PAS) geometry might be the key point to understanding these phenomena. METHODS: Six excised right rabbit lungs were obtained...
2014: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
Rosa Maria Corbo, Giuseppe Gambina, Elisabetta Broggio, Daniela Scarabino, Renato Scacchi
The greater predisposition of women to Alzheimer's disease (AD), owing to the decrease in postmenopausal estrogen, may be influenced by polymorphic variation in genes regulating estrogen metabolism (e.g., COMT) and estrogen biosynthesis (e.g., CYP17). In order to better understand how the estrogen pathway genetic variation might affect AD onset, we conducted a case-control study of two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of these two genes (COMT rs4680 and CYP17 rs743572) in a sample of AD patients of Italian origin...
September 15, 2014: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Riccardo Inchingolo, Andrea Smargiassi, Flaminio Mormile, Roberta Marra, Sara De Carolis, Antonio Lanzone, Salvatore Valente, Giuseppe M Corbo
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical value of chest ultrasound (US) in the detection, diagnosis and follow-up of pathologic processes of both peripheral lung parenchyma and pleural space in pregnant women. FINDINGS: Pregnant women admitted to Obstetric Pathology Hospital Department for respiratory diseases were enrolled. Chest US examination was performed when there was a respiratory disease highly suggestive of pneumonia and/or pleural effusion and chest X-ray (CXR) should have been obtained...
2014: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
Michele Simbolo, Matteo Fassan, Andrea Ruzzenente, Andrea Mafficini, Laura D Wood, Vincenzo Corbo, Davide Melisi, Giuseppe Malleo, Caterina Vicentini, Giorgio Malpeli, Davide Antonello, Nicola Sperandio, Paola Capelli, Anna Tomezzoli, Calogero Iacono, Rita T Lawlor, Claudio Bassi, Ralph H Hruban, Alfredo Guglielmi, Giampaolo Tortora, Filippo de Braud, Aldo Scarpa
One-hundred-fifty-three biliary cancers, including 70 intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas (ICC), 57 extrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas (ECC) and 26 gallbladder carcinomas (GBC) were assessed for mutations in 56 genes using multigene next-generation sequencing. Expression of EGFR and mTOR pathway genes was investigated by immunohistochemistry. At least one mutated gene was observed in 118/153 (77%) cancers. The genes most frequently involved were KRAS (28%), TP53 (18%), ARID1A (12%), IDH1/2 (9%), PBRM1 (9%), BAP1 (7%), and PIK3CA (7%)...
May 15, 2014: Oncotarget
Andrea Smargiassi, Riccardo Inchingolo, Linda Tagliaboschi, Alessandro Di Marco Berardino, Salvatore Valente, Giuseppe Maria Corbo
BACKGROUND: Skeletal muscle weakness with loss of fat-free mass (FFM) is one of the main systemic effects of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The diaphragm is also involved, leading to disadvantageous conditions and poor contractile capacities. OBJECTIVES: We measured the thickness of the diaphragm (TD) by ultrasonography to evaluate the relationships between echographic measurements, parameters of respiratory function and body composition data. METHODS: Thirty-two patients (23 males) underwent (1) pulmonary function tests, (2) echographic assessment of TD in the zone of apposition at various lung volumes, i...
2014: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
Katia Nones, Nic Waddell, Sarah Song, Ann-Marie Patch, David Miller, Amber Johns, Jianmin Wu, Karin S Kassahn, David Wood, Peter Bailey, Lynn Fink, Suzanne Manning, Angelika N Christ, Craig Nourse, Stephen Kazakoff, Darrin Taylor, Conrad Leonard, David K Chang, Marc D Jones, Michelle Thomas, Clare Watson, Mark Pinese, Mark Cowley, Ilse Rooman, Marina Pajic, Giovanni Butturini, Anna Malpaga, Vincenzo Corbo, Stefano Crippa, Massimo Falconi, Giuseppe Zamboni, Paola Castelli, Rita T Lawlor, Anthony J Gill, Aldo Scarpa, John V Pearson, Andrew V Biankin, Sean M Grimmond
The importance of epigenetic modifications such as DNA methylation in tumorigenesis is increasingly being appreciated. To define the genome-wide pattern of DNA methylation in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (PDAC), we captured the methylation profiles of 167 untreated resected PDACs and compared them to a panel of 29 adjacent nontransformed pancreata using high-density arrays. A total of 11,634 CpG sites associated with 3,522 genes were significantly differentially methylated (DM) in PDAC and were capable of segregating PDAC from non-malignant pancreas, regardless of tumor cellularity...
September 1, 2014: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Alessandro Di Marco Berardino, Riccardo Inchingolo, Andrea Smargiassi, Antonina Re, Riccardo Torelli, Barbara Fiori, Tiziana d'Inzeo, Giuseppe Maria Corbo, Salvatore Valente, Maurizio Sanguinetti, Teresa Spanu
Spontaneous chylothorax is rare in adults. We present an unusual case that was complicated by Prevotella bivia empyema. Full recovery was achieved with chest tube drainage and prompt treatment with intravenous clindamycin.
April 2014: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Renato Scacchi, Giuseppe Gambina, Elisabetta Broggio, Rosa Maria Corbo
BACKGROUND: Many factors could be responsible for the different response to treatment with the cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEIs) donepezil and rivastigmine in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. Sex and the variants of the estrogen receptor α (ESR1) gene are reported to modulate AD susceptibility or the course of the disease. The aim of the present study was to verify whether patient's sex and ESR1 genotype could influence the response to ChEI treatment, as there is evidence that estrogens affect cholinergic system functioning...
June 2014: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Giovanni Leuzzi, Alfredo Cesario, Filippo Lococo, Riccardo Inchingolo, Gianluigi Petrone, Frediano Inzani, Maria Teresa Congedo, Giuseppe Maria Corbo, Salvatore Valente, Pierluigi Granone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2013: Chest
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