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Giuseppe Corbo

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827085/leukocyte-telomere-length-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-alzheimer-s-disease-patients
#1
Daniela Scarabino, Elisabetta Broggio, Giuseppe Gambina, Rosa Maria Corbo
Numerous studies have reported an association between shortened leukocyte telomere length (LTL) and increased risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this study we investigated the relationship between LTL and AD development, including in the analysis patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), a clinical entity considered prodromal of AD. LTL (T/S ratio) was measured in patients with AD (n=61) or aMCI (n=46), and compared with LTL of age-matched controls (n=56). Significant LTL differences were observed between controls, aMCI and AD patients (p<0...
August 19, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801400/protein-misfolding-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-and-guanabenz-protocol-for-a-phase-ii-rct-with-futility-design-promise-trial
#2
Eleonora Dalla Bella, Irene Tramacere, Giovanni Antonini, Giuseppe Borghero, Margherita Capasso, Claudia Caponnetto, Adriano Chiò, Massimo Corbo, Roberto Eleopra, Massimiliano Filosto, Fabio Giannini, Enrico Granieri, Vincenzo La Bella, Christian Lunetta, Jessica Mandrioli, Letizia Mazzini, Sonia Messina, Maria Rosaria Monsurrò, Gabriele Mora, Nilo Riva, Romana Rizzi, Gabriele Siciliano, Vincenzo Silani, Isabella Simone, Gianni Sorarù, Paolo Volanti, Giuseppe Lauria
INTRODUCTION: Recent studies suggest that endoplasmic reticulum stress may play a critical role in the pathogenesis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) through an altered regulation of the proteostasis, the cellular pathway-balancing protein synthesis and degradation. A key mechanism is thought to be the dephosphorylation of eIF2α, a factor involved in the initiation of protein translation. Guanabenz is an alpha-2-adrenergic receptor agonist safely used in past to treat mild hypertension and is now an orphan drug...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642742/microbial-resources-and-enological-significance-opportunities-and-benefits
#3
REVIEW
Leonardo Petruzzi, Vittorio Capozzi, Carmen Berbegal, Maria R Corbo, Antonio Bevilacqua, Giuseppe Spano, Milena Sinigaglia
Among the innovative trends in the wine sector, the continuous exploration of enological properties associated with wine microbial resources represents a cornerstone driver of quality improvement. Since the advent of starter cultures technology, the attention has been focused on intraspecific biodiversity within the primary species responsible for alcoholic fermentation (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) and, subsequently, for the so-called 'malolactic fermentation' (Oenococcus oeni). However, in the last decade, a relevant number of studies proposed the enological exploitation of an increasing number of species (e...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634455/fertilizing-a-patient-engagement-ecosystem-to-innovate-healthcare-toward-the-first-italian-consensus-conference-on-patient-engagement
#4
Guendalina Graffigna, Serena Barello, Giuseppe Riva, Mariarosaria Savarese, Julia Menichetti, Gianluca Castelnuovo, Massimo Corbo, Alessandra Tzannis, Antonio Aglione, Donato Bettega, Anna Bertoni, Sarah Bigi, Daniela Bruttomesso, Claudia Carzaniga, Laura Del Campo, Silvia Donato, Silvia Gilardi, Chiara Guglielmetti, Michele Gulizia, Mara Lastretti, Valeria Mastrilli, Antonino Mazzone, Giovanni Muttillo, Silvia Ostuzzi, Gianluca Perseghin, Natalia Piana, Giuliana Pitacco, Gianluca Polvani, Massimo Pozzi, Livio Provenzi, Giulia Quaglini, Mariagrazia Rossi, Paola Varese, Natalia Visalli, Elena Vegni, Walter Ricciardi, A Claudio Bosio
Currently we observe a gap between theory and practices of patient engagement. If both scholars and health practitioners do agree on the urgency to realize patient engagement, no shared guidelines exist so far to orient clinical practice. Despite a supportive policy context, progress to achieve greater patient engagement is patchy and slow and often concentrated at the level of policy regulation without dialoguing with practitioners from the clinical field as well as patients and families. Though individual clinicians, care teams and health organizations may be interested and deeply committed to engage patients and family members in the medical course, they may lack clarity about how to achieve this goal...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536252/copd-and-bronchodilators-should-the-heart-pay-the-bill-for-the-lung
#5
EDITORIAL
Nera Agabiti, Giuseppe Maria Corbo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428745/decreased-levels-of-foldase-and-chaperone-proteins-are-associated-with-an-early-onset-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#6
Melania Filareti, Silvia Luotti, Laura Pasetto, Mauro Pignataro, Katia Paolella, Paolo Messina, Elisabetta Pupillo, Massimiliano Filosto, Christian Lunetta, Jessica Mandrioli, Giuseppe Fuda, Andrea Calvo, Adriano Chiò, Massimo Corbo, Caterina Bendotti, Ettore Beghi, Valentina Bonetto
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease characterized by a progressive upper and lower motor neuron degeneration. One of the peculiar clinical characteristics of ALS is the wide distribution in age of onset, which is probably caused by different combinations of intrinsic and exogenous factors. We investigated whether these modifying factors are converging into common pathogenic pathways leading either to an early or a late disease onset. This would imply the identification of phenotypic biomarkers, that can distinguish the two populations of ALS patients, and of relevant pathways to consider in a therapeutic intervention...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162043/chest-ultrasonography-in-health-surveillance-of-asbestos-related-lung-diseases
#7
Andrea Smargiassi, Giuliana Pasciuto, Ilaria Pedicelli, Erminia Lo Greco, Mariarosaria Calvello, Riccardo Inchingolo, Gioacchino Schifino, Patrizio Capoluongo, Pasquale Patriciello, Maurizio Manno, Alfonso Cirillo, Giuseppe Maria Corbo, Gino Soldati, Ivo Iavicoli
OBJECTIVES: Exposure to asbestos fibers can lead to different lung diseases, such as pleural thickening and effusion, asbestosis, mesothelioma, and lung cancer. These diseases are expected to peak in the next few years. The aim of the study was to validate ultrasonography (US) as a diagnostic tool in the management of lung diseases in subjects with a history of occupational exposure to asbestos. METHODS: Fifty-nine retired male workers previously exposed to asbestos were enrolled in the study...
June 2017: Toxicology and Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049864/irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-nickel-allergy-what-is-the-role-of-the-low-nickel-diet
#8
Angela Rizzi, Eleonora Nucera, Lucrezia Laterza, Eleonora Gaetani, Venanzio Valenza, Giuseppe M Corbo, Riccardo Inchingolo, Alessandro Buonomo, Domenico Schiavino, Antonio Gasbarrini
Background/Aims: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is characterized by chronic abdominal pain or discomfort accompanied by abnormal bowel movements. In sensitized subjects, ingested nickel (Ni) may induce gastrointestinal symptoms similar to IBS, in addition to typical systemic cutaneous lesions (systemic nickel allergy syndrome [SNAS]). A low nickel diet could improve the systemic manifestations. We evaluated prevalence of nickel allergy in IBS and effects of low Ni diet on (1) gastrointestinal symptoms control, (2) intestinal barrier function, (3) quality of life, and (4) psychological status of patients with IBS and Ni-sensitized patients...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035853/predicting-survival-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-should-we-move-forward-from-vital-capacity
#9
Giuseppe Francesco Sferrazza Papa, Giulia Michela Pellegrino, Fabiano Di Marco, Massimo Corbo, Stefano Centanni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009153/is-neural-drive-the-missing-piece-in-the-puzzle-of-copd-exacerbation
#10
REVIEW
Giuseppe F Sferrazza Papa, Piero DE Giampaulis, Fabiano DI Marco, Massimo Corbo
The decision to discharge in patients affected by acute exacerbation of COPD remains a common problem due to the complexity of the assessment of clinical recovery, with early readmission perceived as a marker of incompleteness of the received treatment. The neural respiratory drive, assessed by parasternal muscle electromyography, represents an estimate of the load imposed to the respiratory muscles and it may identify early clinical deterioration. The test is noninvasive, may be executed bedside, but requires experienced operators...
December 2016: Minerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873319/lung-neuroendocrine-tumours-deep-sequencing-of-the-four-world-health-organization-histotypes-reveals-chromatin-remodelling-genes-as-major-players-and-a-prognostic-role-for-tert-rb1-men1-and-kmt2d
#11
Michele Simbolo, Andrea Mafficini, Katarzyna O Sikora, Matteo Fassan, Stefano Barbi, Vincenzo Corbo, Luca Mastracci, Borislav Rusev, Federica Grillo, Caterina Vicentini, Roberto Ferrara, Sara Pilotto, Federico Davini, Giuseppe Pelosi, Rita T Lawlor, Marco Chilosi, Giampaolo Tortora, Emilio Bria, Gabriella Fontanini, Marco Volante, Aldo Scarpa
Next-generation sequencing (NGS) was applied to 148 lung neuroendocrine tumours (LNETs) comprising the four World Health Organization classification categories: 53 typical carcinoid (TCs), 35 atypical carcinoid (ACs), 27 large-cell neuroendocrine carcinomas, and 33 small-cell lung carcinomas. A discovery screen was conducted on 46 samples by the use of whole-exome sequencing and high-coverage targeted sequencing of 418 genes. Eighty-eight recurrently mutated genes from both the discovery screen and current literature were verified in the 46 cases of the discovery screen, and validated on additional 102 LNETs by targeted NGS; their prevalence was then evaluated on the whole series...
March 2017: Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604972/apolipoprotein-e-genotypes-and-plasma-levels-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-conversion-to-alzheimer-s-disease-a-follow-up-study
#12
Daniela Scarabino, Elisabetta Broggio, Giuseppe Gambina, Carlotta Maida, Maria Rosa Gaudio, Rosa Maria Corbo
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is the transition stage between the normal aging process and dementia itself. The most common clinical phenotype is amnestic MCI (aMCI) [subtypes: single domain (sMCI) and multiple domains (mMCI)], which is considered prodromal to Alzheimer's disease (AD). The APOE (apolipoprotein E) e4 allele is the most important genetic risk factor for AD, but its association with MCI onset and conversion to AD is controversial. In this follow-up study of 88 aMCI patients (68% sMCI and 32% mMCI at baseline), we examined APOE genotypes and plasma levels in relation to MCI development and progression based on their clinical/cognitive data obtained at baseline and follow-up assessment (mean follow-up time = 6...
December 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27092133/metabolites-of-microbial-origin-with-an-impact-on-health-ochratoxin-a-and-biogenic-amines
#13
REVIEW
Pasquale Russo, Vittorio Capozzi, Giuseppe Spano, Maria R Corbo, Milena Sinigaglia, Antonio Bevilacqua
Safety and quality are significant challenges for food; namely, safety represents a big threat all over the world and is one of the most important goal to be achieved in both Western Society and Developing Countries. Wine safety mainly relies upon some metabolites and many of them are of microbial origin. The main goal of this review is a focus on two kinds of compounds (biogenic amines and mycotoxins, mainly Ochratoxin A) for their deleterious effects on health. For each class of compounds, we will focus on two different traits: (a) synthesis of the compounds in wine, with a brief description of the most important microorganisms and factors leading this phenomenon; (b) prevention and/or correction strategies and new trends...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26531229/influence-of-family-history-of-dementia-in-the-development-and-progression-of-late-onset-alzheimer-s-disease
#14
Daniela Scarabino, Giuseppe Gambina, Elisabetta Broggio, Franca Pelliccia, Rosa Maria Corbo
Family history of dementia (FH) is a recognized risk factor for developing late-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD). We asked whether having FH increases AD risk and influences disease severity (age at onset and cognitive impairment) in 420 AD patients and 109 controls with (FH+) or without (FH-). The relationships of APOE and other AD risk genes with FH were analyzed as well. The proportion of APOE e4 allele carriers was higher among the FH+ than the FH- AD patients (49.6% vs. 38.9%; P = 0.04). The distribution of the risk genotypes of nine AD susceptibility genes previously examined (CHAT, CYP17, CYP19, ESR1, FSHR, P53, P73, P21, PPARG) did not differ between the FH+ and the FH- AD patients, indicating that none contributed significantly to familial clustering of disease...
March 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25719666/whole-genomes-redefine-the-mutational-landscape-of-pancreatic-cancer
#15
Nicola Waddell, Marina Pajic, Ann-Marie Patch, David K Chang, Karin S Kassahn, Peter Bailey, Amber L Johns, David Miller, Katia Nones, Kelly Quek, Michael C J Quinn, Alan J Robertson, Muhammad Z H Fadlullah, Tim J C Bruxner, Angelika N Christ, Ivon Harliwong, Senel Idrisoglu, Suzanne Manning, Craig Nourse, Ehsan Nourbakhsh, Shivangi Wani, Peter J Wilson, Emma Markham, Nicole Cloonan, Matthew J Anderson, J Lynn Fink, Oliver Holmes, Stephen H Kazakoff, Conrad Leonard, Felicity Newell, Barsha Poudel, Sarah Song, Darrin Taylor, Nick Waddell, Scott Wood, Qinying Xu, Jianmin Wu, Mark Pinese, Mark J Cowley, Hong C Lee, Marc D Jones, Adnan M Nagrial, Jeremy Humphris, Lorraine A Chantrill, Venessa Chin, Angela M Steinmann, Amanda Mawson, Emily S Humphrey, Emily K Colvin, Angela Chou, Christopher J Scarlett, Andreia V Pinho, Marc Giry-Laterriere, Ilse Rooman, Jaswinder S Samra, James G Kench, Jessica A Pettitt, Neil D Merrett, Christopher Toon, Krishna Epari, Nam Q Nguyen, Andrew Barbour, Nikolajs Zeps, Nigel B Jamieson, Janet S Graham, Simone P Niclou, Rolf Bjerkvig, Robert Grützmann, Daniela Aust, Ralph H Hruban, Anirban Maitra, Christine A Iacobuzio-Donahue, Christopher L Wolfgang, Richard A Morgan, Rita T Lawlor, Vincenzo Corbo, Claudio Bassi, Massimo Falconi, Giuseppe Zamboni, Giampaolo Tortora, Margaret A Tempero, Anthony J Gill, James R Eshleman, Christian Pilarsky, Aldo Scarpa, Elizabeth A Musgrove, John V Pearson, Andrew V Biankin, Sean M Grimmond
Pancreatic cancer remains one of the most lethal of malignancies and a major health burden. We performed whole-genome sequencing and copy number variation (CNV) analysis of 100 pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (PDACs). Chromosomal rearrangements leading to gene disruption were prevalent, affecting genes known to be important in pancreatic cancer (TP53, SMAD4, CDKN2A, ARID1A and ROBO2) and new candidate drivers of pancreatic carcinogenesis (KDM6A and PREX2). Patterns of structural variation (variation in chromosomal structure) classified PDACs into 4 subtypes with potential clinical utility: the subtypes were termed stable, locally rearranged, scattered and unstable...
February 26, 2015: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25595151/erythropoietin-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-a-multicentre-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-phase-iii-study
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Giuseppe Lauria, Eleonora Dalla Bella, Giovanni Antonini, Giuseppe Borghero, Margherita Capasso, Claudia Caponnetto, Adriano Chiò, Massimo Corbo, Roberto Eleopra, Raffaella Fazio, Massimiliano Filosto, Fabio Giannini, Enrico Granieri, Vincenzo La Bella, Giancarlo Logroscino, Jessica Mandrioli, Letizia Mazzini, Maria Rosaria Monsurrò, Gabriele Mora, Vladimiro Pietrini, Rocco Quatrale, Romana Rizzi, Fabrizio Salvi, Gabriele Siciliano, Gianni Sorarù, Paolo Volanti, Irene Tramacere, Graziella Filippini
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). METHODS: Patients with probable laboratory-supported, probable or definite ALS were enrolled by 25 Italian centres and randomly assigned (1:1) to receive intravenous rhEPO 40,000 IU or placebo fortnightly as add-on treatment to riluzole 100 mg daily for 12 months. The primary composite outcome was survival, tracheotomy or >23 h non-invasive ventilation (NIV)...
August 2015: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25376260/lung-ultrasonography-may-provide-an-indirect-estimation-of-lung-porosity-and-airspace-geometry
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Gino Soldati, Andrea Smargiassi, Riccardo Inchingolo, Sara Sher, Rosanna Nenna, Salvatore Valente, Cosimo Damiano Inchingolo, Giuseppe Maria Corbo
BACKGROUND: Echographic vertical artifacts (B-lines) in chest ultrasonography have often been associated with pathological patterns. A scientifically sound explanation of these artifacts has not yet been proposed. OBJECTIVES: The 'spongy' nature of the lung in its liquid and solid components and the changes that take place in peripheral airspace (PAS) geometry might be the key point to understanding these phenomena. METHODS: Six excised right rabbit lungs were obtained...
2014: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25012481/association-study-of-two-steroid-biosynthesis-genes-comt-and-cyp17-with-alzheimer-s-disease-in-the-italian-population
#18
Rosa Maria Corbo, Giuseppe Gambina, Elisabetta Broggio, Daniela Scarabino, Renato Scacchi
The greater predisposition of women to Alzheimer's disease (AD), owing to the decrease in postmenopausal estrogen, may be influenced by polymorphic variation in genes regulating estrogen metabolism (e.g., COMT) and estrogen biosynthesis (e.g., CYP17). In order to better understand how the estrogen pathway genetic variation might affect AD onset, we conducted a case-control study of two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of these two genes (COMT rs4680 and CYP17 rs743572) in a sample of AD patients of Italian origin...
September 15, 2014: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24936303/look-at-the-lung-can-chest-ultrasonography-be-useful-in-pregnancy
#19
Riccardo Inchingolo, Andrea Smargiassi, Flaminio Mormile, Roberta Marra, Sara De Carolis, Antonio Lanzone, Salvatore Valente, Giuseppe M Corbo
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical value of chest ultrasound (US) in the detection, diagnosis and follow-up of pathologic processes of both peripheral lung parenchyma and pleural space in pregnant women. FINDINGS: Pregnant women admitted to Obstetric Pathology Hospital Department for respiratory diseases were enrolled. Chest US examination was performed when there was a respiratory disease highly suggestive of pneumonia and/or pleural effusion and chest X-ray (CXR) should have been obtained...
2014: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24867389/multigene-mutational-profiling-of-cholangiocarcinomas-identifies-actionable-molecular-subgroups
#20
Michele Simbolo, Matteo Fassan, Andrea Ruzzenente, Andrea Mafficini, Laura D Wood, Vincenzo Corbo, Davide Melisi, Giuseppe Malleo, Caterina Vicentini, Giorgio Malpeli, Davide Antonello, Nicola Sperandio, Paola Capelli, Anna Tomezzoli, Calogero Iacono, Rita T Lawlor, Claudio Bassi, Ralph H Hruban, Alfredo Guglielmi, Giampaolo Tortora, Filippo de Braud, Aldo Scarpa
One-hundred-fifty-three biliary cancers, including 70 intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas (ICC), 57 extrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas (ECC) and 26 gallbladder carcinomas (GBC) were assessed for mutations in 56 genes using multigene next-generation sequencing. Expression of EGFR and mTOR pathway genes was investigated by immunohistochemistry. At least one mutated gene was observed in 118/153 (77%) cancers. The genes most frequently involved were KRAS (28%), TP53 (18%), ARID1A (12%), IDH1/2 (9%), PBRM1 (9%), BAP1 (7%), and PIK3CA (7%)...
May 15, 2014: Oncotarget
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