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Mind-body medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523494/-a-future-amalgamation-between-the-scientist-and-the-clinician
#1
Sarah Haywood-Small
Personalized medicine is gaining momentum and analytical methods such as MS are ideally situated to provide coherent imaging of human disease. The cancer research field is already starting to benefit from the MS imaging applications; non-cancerous diseases will hopefully enjoy the same success. Often, the way forward is to embrace several techniques, which can complement and verify each other. This approach can be seen as less confrontational as everyone can play a part in the development of a new working practice...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512119/complementary-and-integrative-medicine-in-the-management-of-headache
#2
REVIEW
Denise Millstine, Christina Y Chen, Brent Bauer
Headaches, including primary headaches such as migraine and tension-type headache, are a common clinical problem. Complementary and integrative medicine (CIM), formerly known as complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), uses evidence informed modalities to assist in the health and healing of patients. CIM commonly includes the use of nutrition, movement practices, manual therapy, traditional Chinese medicine, and mind-body strategies. This review summarizes the literature on the use of CIM for primary headache and is based on five meta-analyses, seven systematic reviews, and 34 randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
May 16, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504870/a-critical-evaluation-of-the-current-p-value-controversy
#3
REVIEW
Stefan Wellek
This article has been triggered by the initiative launched in March 2016 by the Board of Directors of the American Statistical Association (ASA) to counteract the current p-value focus of statistical research practices that allegedly "have contributed to a reproducibility crisis in science." It is pointed out that in the very wide field of statistics applied to medicine, many of the problems raised in the ASA statement are not as severe as in the areas the authors may have primarily in mind, although several of them are well-known experts in biostatistics and epidemiology...
May 15, 2017: Biometrical Journal. Biometrische Zeitschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501235/women-s-health-pregnancy-and-conception
#4
REVIEW
Judith Cuneo
Preconception is an ideal time to assist women contemplating pregnancy to modify health behaviors. Dietary needs in pregnancy are critical and may require supplementation. The use of mind-body medicine in the antenatal period assists patients in childbirth preparation. Integrative medicine techniques can be safely and effectively used for common third-trimester obstetric complications of pregnancy.
June 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501234/integrative-medicine-and-cardiovascular-disorders
#5
REVIEW
Darshan Mehta
Integrative medicine (IM) has developed an increasingly significant role in health care worldwide, including cardiovascular diseases (CVD). This review describes the commonly used IM in CVD, with particular attention placed with dietary supplements and mind-body therapies. More rigorous research continues to be needed to determine the mechanisms and efficacy of IM cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Health care providers will need to develop skills in open communication and nonjudgmental dialogue around IM use in discussing treatment plans with their patients...
June 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501232/restoring-balance-for-people-with-cancer-through-integrative-oncology
#6
REVIEW
Judy A Fulop, Ania Grimone, David Victorson
Integrative Oncology incorporates conventional and western cancer treatment approaches with the best of ancient and traditional medicine including nutrition, supplements, Qigong, herbal medicine, mind-body practices, and more. This article offers a guiding conceptual paradigm from an integrative perspective based on the principles of balance and imbalance. An integrative approach is used to help improve quality of life, enhance lifestyle choices and mitigate symptoms and side effects from conventional treatments...
June 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501229/integrative-medicine-for-gastrointestinal-disease
#7
REVIEW
Michelle L Dossett, Ezra M Cohen, Jonah Cohen
Gastrointestinal conditions are prevalent in the population and account for significant morbidity and health care costs. Patients with gastrointestinal conditions use integrative medicine. There is growing evidence that integrative medicine approaches can improve symptoms and affect physiology and disease course. This article reviews data on some common and well-studied approaches, including mind-body therapies, acupuncture, diet, probiotics, and dietary supplements and herbs. Although clear recommendations can be made for some conditions, in others there are challenges in translating these findings owing to small study size, lack of standardization, and trial heterogeneity...
June 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501228/integrative-medicine-for-the-treatment-of-persistent-pain
#8
REVIEW
Marni G Hillinger, Ruth Q Wolever, Lindsey C McKernan, Roy Elam
Integrative health modalities can provide useful tools in the management of persistent pain in the primary care setting. These modalities, such as acupuncture, mind-body medicine, diet and herbs, and movement strategies can be safely used and may provide patients with hope and empowerment. It is highly recommended that the patient work alongside trained professionals for a given modality and/or an interprofessional team.
June 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501225/introduction-to-integrative-medicine-in-the-primary-care-setting
#9
REVIEW
Melinda Ring, Rupa Mahadevan
Integrative Medicine has been described as "healing oriented medicine that takes account of the whole person (body, mind, and spirit) including all aspects of lifestyle. It emphasizes therapeutic relationships and makes use of all appropriate therapies, both conventional and alternative." National surveys consistently report that approximately one-third of adults and 12% of children use complementary and integrative medicine approaches. Although there are barriers to primary care professionals engaging in discussions about lifestyle change and complementary and integrative medicine options, there is also great potential to impact patient well-being...
June 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483271/-mindful-neuropsychology-mindfulness-based-cognitive-remediation
#10
E Bulzacka, S Lavault, A Pelissolo, C Bagnis Isnard
OBJECTIVES: Mindfulness based interventions (MBI) have recently gained much interest in western medicine. MBSR paradigm is based on teaching participants to pay complete attention to the present experience and act nonjudgmentally towards stressful events. During this mental practice the meditator focuses his or her attention on the sensations of the body. While the distractions (mental images, thoughts, emotional or somatic states) arise the participant is taught to acknowledge discursive thoughts and cultivate the state of awareness without immediate reaction...
May 5, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466099/healthcare-in-pali-buddhism
#11
Giuliano Giustarini
This article addresses an apparent paradox found in Pali Buddhist literature: while the "uncompounded" (asaṅkhata) is valued over and above what is "compounded" (saṅkhata), the texts also encourage careful attention to relative (or, physical) health. The mind is the laboratory and the object of a thorough work meant to lead to final liberation from mental affliction and from the cycle of existence, whereas the body is perceived as impure, limited, and intrinsically unsatisfactory. Nonetheless, a disciple of the Buddha is supposed to take care of his/her own and others' physical wellbeing, and monastic equipment includes a set of medicines...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459738/integrative-medicine-in-cancer-survivors
#12
Paul V Viscuse, Katharine Price, Denise Millstine, Anjali Bhagra, Brent Bauer, Kathryn J Ruddy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Due to medical advances and an aging population, the number of cancer survivors continues to rise. Survivors often experience late and long-term sequelae of cancer and its treatment (e.g., fatigue, pain, fear of recurrence, and stress). As a result, some patients have utilized or expressed interest in integrative medicine (IM) modalities for prevention of recurrence, optimizing health, enhancing quality of life, and managing symptoms. The purpose of this review is to focus on research published during the past year that informs our understanding of the utility of IM for cancer survivors...
April 28, 2017: Current Opinion in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438745/management-of-chronic-pain-using-complementary-and-integrative-medicine
#13
REVIEW
Lucy Chen, Andreas Michalsen
Complementary and integrative medicine (CIM) encompasses both Western-style medicine and complementary health approaches as a new combined approach to treat a variety of clinical conditions. Chronic pain is the leading indication for use of CIM, and about 33% of adults and 12% of children in the US have used it in this context. Although advances have been made in treatments for chronic pain, it remains inadequately controlled for many people. Adverse effects and complications of analgesic drugs, such as addiction, kidney failure, and gastrointestinal bleeding, also limit their use...
April 24, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438278/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam-among-australian-hospital-based-nurses-knowledge-attitude-personal-and-professional-use-reasons-for-use-cam-referrals-and-socio-demographic-predictors-of-cam-users
#14
Seyed Afshin Shorofi, Paul Arbon
OBJECTIVE: This study was intended to examine CAM among Australian hospital-based nurses, identifying their knowledge, attitude, personal and professional use, reasons for use, CAM referrals, and socio-demographic predictors of CAM users. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Nurses holding a qualification in nursing and working in surgical wards were included using a convenience sampling technique. A self-complete questionnaire was developed to achieve the aims of the study. Descriptive and non-parametric statistics were calculated to describe and analyse data...
May 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410998/a-retrospective-longitudinal-analysis-of-anthropometric-and-physical-qualities-that-associate-with-adult-career-attainment-in-junior-rugby-league-players
#15
Kevin Till, David Morley, John O'Hara, Ben L Jones, Chris Chapman, Clive B Beggs, Carlton Cooke, Stephen Cobley
OBJECTIVES: To retrospectively compare the longitudinal physical development of junior rugby league players between the Under 13 and 15 age categories in relation to their adult career attainment outcome. DESIGN: Retrospective longitudinal design. METHODS: Fifty-one former junior rugby league players were retrospectively grouped according to their career attainment outcome as adults (i.e., amateur, academy or professional). As juniors, players undertook a physical testing battery on three consecutive annual occasions (Under 13s, 14s, 15s) including height, body mass, sum of four skinfolds, maturation, vertical jump, medicine ball chest throw, 10-60m sprint, agility 505 and estimated V˙O2max ...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410445/integrative-skin-care-dermatology-and-traditional-and-complementary-medicine
#16
Gerard Bodeker, Terence J Ryan, Adva Volk, Jahnavi Harris, Gemma Burford Mbiochem
Skin problems and diseases are extremely common globally and, due to their visibility, often result in severe distress and stigma for sufferers. Traditional (i.e., indigenous or local) and complementary health systems are widely used and incorporate many treatment modalities suitable for skin care, and a body of evidence for their efficacy and safety has built up over many decades. These approaches are often used as part of a broader "integrative medicine" (IM) approach that may also include, for example, nutrition and mind-body approaches...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408135/the-missing-person-the-outcome-of-the-rule-based-totalitarianism-of-too-much-contemporary-healthcare
#17
Iona Heath
OBJECTIVES: Medicine has an obsession with scientific progress and a misplaced belief in the perfectibility of the human body and mind and, as a result, there seems never to be time for the necessary backward glance. If we in healthcare are to learn any of the lessons of history, it seems important that we pay attention to those who have suffered at the sharp end of historical events. METHODS AND RESULTS: This paper invokes thinkers and writers who lived lives scarred by totalitarian politics...
April 3, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405215/the-american-psychosomatic-society-integrating-mind-brain-body-and-social-context-in-medicine-since-1942
#18
REVIEW
Christoph Herrmann-Lingen
BACKGROUND: The American Psychosomatic Society is one of the oldest and probably the most influential scientific society in psychosomatic/biopsychosocial research worldwide. The current article delineates the historical development and current strategic orientation of the society. METHOD: Review of published literature, archived materials and current documents of the society. RESULTS: The American Psychosomatic Society (APS) was founded in 1942, originally named the "American Society for Research in Psychosomatic Problems "...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395570/long-term-benefits-by-a-mind-body-medicine-skills-course-on-perceived-stress-and-empathy-among-medical-and-nursing-students
#19
Marja van Vliet, Mats Jong, Miek C Jong
BACKGROUND: A significant number of medical students suffer from burnout symptoms and reduced empathy. This controlled, quasi-experimental study aimed to investigate whether a mind-body medicine (MBM) skills course could reduce perceived stress and increase empathy and self-reflection in medical and nursing students. METHODS: The MBM course (consisting of experiential sessions of mind-body techniques and group reflections) was piloted among Dutch medical students and Swedish nursing students...
April 10, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370730/mind-body-medicine-and-lifestyle-modification-in-supportive-cancer-care-a-cohort-study-on-a-day-care-clinic-program-for-cancer-patients
#20
Michael Jeitler, Jessica Jaspers, Christel von Scheidt, Barbara Koch, Andreas Michalsen, Nico Steckhan, Christian S Kessler
OBJECTIVE: We developed an integrative day care clinic program for cancer patients focusing on mind-body techniques and health-promoting lifestyle modification (7-hour once-per-week group sessions over 12 weeks). METHODS: A cohort study design with a waiting group was implemented. Outcome parameters were assessed at the beginning, at the end of the active program, and at a 6-month follow-up. Patients waiting >4 and <12 weeks before treatment start were allocated to the waiting group and additionally assessed at the start of their day care program...
March 31, 2017: Psycho-oncology
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