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Angus P Yu, Bjorn T Tam, Christopher W Lai, Doris S Yu, Jean Woo, Ka-Fai Chung, Stanley S Hui, Justina Y Liu, Gao X Wei, Parco M Siu
Tai Chi Chuan (TCC), a traditional Chinese martial art, is well-documented to result in beneficial consequences in physical and mental health. TCC is regarded as a mind-body exercise that is comprised of physical exercise and meditation. Favorable effects of TCC on body balance, gait, bone mineral density, metabolic parameters, anxiety, depression, cognitive function, and sleep have been previously reported. However, the underlying mechanisms explaining the effects of TCC remain largely unclear. Recently, advances in neuroimaging technology have offered new investigative opportunities to reveal the effects of TCC on anatomical morphologies and neurological activities in different regions of the brain...
2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Ezra M Cohen, Michelle L Dossett, Darshan H Mehta, Roger B Davis, Yvonne C Lee
OBJECTIVES: Sleep difficulties are a serious health problem in children, and interest in using complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies to treat sleep is growing. In this study, we aimed to identify: the prevalence of sleep difficulties in children, and the prevalence and patterns of CAM use among children with trouble sleeping. METHODS: We used the 2012 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) dataset to estimate the prevalence of sleep difficulties and CAM use in children ages 6-17 years...
April 2018: Sleep Medicine
Jennifer DuBose, Lorissa MacAllister, Khatereh Hadi, Bonnie Sakallaris
Evidence-based design (EBD) research has demonstrated the power of environmental design to support improved patient, family, and staff outcomes and to minimize or avoid harm in healthcare settings. While healthcare has primarily focused on fixing the body, there is a growing recognition that our healthcare system could do more by promoting overall wellness, and this requires expanding the focus to healing. This article explores how we can extend what we know from EBD about health impacts of spatial design to the more elusive goal of healing...
January 2018: HERD
Tongjian You, Elisa F Ogawa, Saurja Thapa, Yurun Cai, Huan Zhang, Satoshi Nagae, Gloria Y Yeh, Peter M Wayne, Ling Shi, Suzanne G Leveille
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is associated with poorer cognition and mobility, and fall risk in older adults. AIMS: To investigate the feasibility of a randomized controlled trial of mind-body exercise (Tai Chi) versus a light physical exercise in older adults with multisite pain. METHODS: Adults aged ≥ 65 years with multisite pain who reported falling in the past year or current use of an assistive device were recruited from Boston area communities...
March 6, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Hrvoje Barić, Veljko Đorđević, Ivan Cerovečki, Vladimir Trkulja
INTRODUCTION: The objective was to evaluate efficacy/safety of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) methods for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) based on randomized controlled trials in adults. METHODS: Data sources. Six electronic databases ("generalized anxiety (disorder)" and "randomized trial") and reference lists of identified publications were searched to March 2017. STUDY SELECTION: Eligibility: full-text publications (English, German language); CAM versus conventional treatment, placebo/sham or no treatment; GAD diagnosed according to standard criteria; and a validated scale for disease severity...
March 5, 2018: Advances in Therapy
Daniel C Cherkin, Patricia M Herman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 5, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
Elizabeth Urban
In this paper the author considers Descartes' place in current thinking about the mind-body dilemma. The premise here is that in the history of ideas, the questions posed can be as significant as the answers acquired. Descartes' paramount question was 'How do we determine certainty?' and his pursuit of an answer led to cogito ergo sum. His discovery simultaneously raised the question whether mind is separate from or unified with the body. Some who currently hold that brain and subjectivity are unified contend that the philosopher 'split' mind from body and refer to 'Descartes' error'...
April 2018: Journal of Analytical Psychology
Faisal Qazi, Don Fette, Syed S Jafri, Aasim I Padela
Famously posed by seventeenth-century French philosopher René Descartes, the mind-body problem remains unresolved in western philosophy and science, with both disciplines unable to move convincingly beyond the dualistic model. The persistence of dualism calls for a reframing of the problem through interdisciplinary modes of inquiry that include non-western points of view. One such perspective is Islamic theology of the soul, which, while approaching the problem from a distinct point of view, also adopts a position commensurate with (substance) dualism...
March 5, 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
Else Guthrie, Mathew Harrison, Richard Brown, Rajdeep Sandhu, Peter Trigwell, Seri Abraham, Shazada Nawaz, Peter Kelsall, Rachel Thomasson
Aims and method To develop and pilot a clinician-rated outcome scale to evaluate symptomatic outcomes in liaison psychiatry services. Three hundred and sixty patient contacts with 207 separate individuals were rated using six subscales (mood, psychosis, cognition, substance misuse, mind-body problems and behavioural disturbance) plus two additional items (side-effects of medication and capacity to consent for medical treatment). Each item was rated on a five-point scale from 0 to 5 (nil, mild, moderate, severe and very severe)...
March 4, 2018: BJPsych Bulletin
Rebecca J Beese, Deborah Ringdahl
BACKGROUND: Addressing spirituality in health care is important as it improves health outcomes; however, several provider barriers exist to providing spiritually based care. Local problem: A chart audit at a multidisciplinary wellness center serving a population with chronic mental health problems identified a need to improve the number of spiritually based interventions provided to clients by the nurse practitioner. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental design and pre- and post-test questionnaire were used to measure outcomes including the number of spiritually based interventions and provider attitudes...
February 1, 2018: Creative Nursing
Holger Cramer, Romy Lauche, Jennifer Daubenmier, Wolf Mehling, Arndt Büssing, Felix J Saha, Gustav Dobos, Stephanie A Shields
Body awareness is an attentional focus on and awareness of internal body sensations. This study aimed to validate German versions of the Body Awareness Questionnaire (BAQ) and the Body Responsiveness Questionnaire (BRQ) in chronic pain patients and to assess their associations with pain-related variables and to assess their responsiveness to intervention. The instruments were translated to German and administered to 512 chronic pain patients (50.3±11.4 years, 91.6% female) to assess their factor structure and reliability...
2018: PloS One
Suman J Gupta, Kathi J Kemper, Joanne Lynn
INTRODUCTION: There is growing interest in mind-body skills (MBS) education and online interprofessional elective MBS training for health professionals. We conducted this study to understand a) the demand among different health professionals for an online MBS course; b) engagement with different MBS topics; and c) planned behavior changes. METHODS: We examined registrations from May 1 through August 31, 2014 for a new online MBS elective, analyzing the percentage of registrants who engaged with one or more of 12 modules by September 30, 2014...
February 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Yu Shikano, Yuji Ikegaya, Takuya Sasaki
Behavioral and cognitive studies have demonstrated that brain functions are affected by the activity states of the peripheral organs, such as the cardiac and respiratory systems. However, detailed neurophysiological mechanisms underlying the body-brain interactions remain unknown. In this study, we developed a method for manipulating activity levels of the heart using direct cardiac stimulation and vagus nerve stimulation that can be combined with recording cerebral local field potentials using a microdrive system, electrocardiograms, electromyograms, in a freely moving rat...
February 15, 2018: Neuroscience Research
Carolina Baeza-Velasco, Lorenzo Sinibaldi, Marco Castori
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and generalized joint hypermobility (JH) are two separated conditions, assessed, and managed by different specialists without overlapping interests. Recently, some researchers highlighted an unexpected association between these two clinical entities. This happens in a scenario of increasing awareness on the protean detrimental effects that congenital anomalies of the connective tissue may have on human health and development. To review pertinent literature to identify possible connections between ADHD and GJH, special emphasis was put on musculoskeletal pain and syndromic presentations of GJH, particularly the hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos syndrome...
February 14, 2018: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Robert Carter, Kirtigandha Salwe Carter, John Holliday, Alice Holliday, Carlton Keith Harrison
A pragmatic breath-based intervention to benefit human performance and stress management is timely and valuable to individuals seeking holistic approaches for emotional regulation and optimizing compensatory reserve mechanisms. This protocol is designed to not only teach mind-body awareness but also to provide feedback utilizing physiological data and survey results. The primary findings of this study showed that heart coherence and alpha variables were significantly correlated after four weeks of the breath-based meditation stress protocol...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Jen Tarr, Flora Cornish, Elena Gonzalez-Polledo
Pain is difficult to communicate and translate into language, yet most social research on pain experience uses questionnaires and semi-structured interviews that rely on words. In addition to the mind/body dualism prevalent in pain medicine in these studies pain communication is characterised by further value-laden binaries such as real/unreal, visible/invisible, and psychological/physical. Starting from the position that research methods play a role in constituting their object, this article examines the potential of participatory arts workshops for developing different versions of pain communication...
February 13, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
R I Falkenberg, C Eising, M L Peters
Yoga is an ancient mind-body practice that is increasingly recognized to have health benefits in a variety of clinical and non-clinical conditions. This systematic review summarizes the findings of randomized controlled trials examining the effects of yoga on immune system functioning which is imperative to justify its application in the clinic. Fifteen RCTs were eligible for the review. Even though the existing evidence is not entirely consistent, a general pattern emerged suggesting that yoga can downregulate pro-inflammatory markers...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Judy K Eekhoff
This paper discusses the use of somatic countertransference as a means of learning about the patient, about projective and adhesive identification and about the object relating nature of the most traumatized and withdrawn part of the personality. It assumes an elemental knowledge of British Object Relations and uses clinical material to illustrate the hypotheses that somatic countertransference is an indicator of a very elemental communication occurring from the aspect of the psyche that is united in a body mind or mind body...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
Jenna A LoGiudice, Jenna Massaro
AIM: This review evaluates the impact of complementary therapies on psychosocial factors in women undergoing IVF. BACKGROUND: According to the CDC, nearly 7% of married women in the United States face infertility. Approximately 1.5% of all infants born in the U.S. annually are conceived through assisted reproductive technologies (ART), such as IVF. Women undergoing ART report distress, anxiety, and depression related to their treatment. Stress has been cited as the top reason why women terminate treatment...
February 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
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