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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777714/efficiency-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-and-transcutaneous-nerve-stimulation-on-hemiplegic-shoulder-pain-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Meimei Zhou, Fang Li, Weibo Lu, Junfa Wu, Song Pei
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) and transcutaneous nerve stimulation (TENS) on hemiplegic shoulder pain (HSP). DESIGN: This is a prospective randomized controlled trial (RCT). SETTING: A total of 184 HSP patients, aged 18-80 years, were recruited in the Rehabilitation Hospital from February 2014 to July 2016. The Ethics approval was obtained from the Institutional Review Board of the Hospital...
May 16, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775946/il-9-exhibits-elevated-expression-in-osteonecrosis-of-femoral-head-patients-and-promotes-cartilage-degradation-through-activation-of-jak-stat-signaling-in-vitro
#2
Wei Geng, Wen Zhang, Jinzhu Ma
Osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) often causes severe symptoms in young people and limits the mobility of the hip joint. Interleukin-9 (IL-9) is a multi-functional inflammatory factor that participates in lumbar disk herniation and arthritis and has been reported in many studies. However, the correlation between IL-9 and ONFH is unclear. The present study aimed to determine the role of IL-9 in the pathogenetic mechanism of osteonecrosis. To assess IL-9 expression in ONFH and femoral neck fracture patients, cartilage tissue was examined through western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry...
May 15, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775129/health-related-quality-of-life-and-orthosis-use-in-a-swedish-population-with-arthrogryposis
#3
Marie Eriksson, Leena Jylli, Li Villard, Anna-Karin Kroksmark, Åsa Bartonek
BACKGROUND: Joint contractures are the main characteristics for children with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita. Orthoses are often used to enable or facilitate walking. OBJECTIVES: To describe health-related quality of life in children with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita and satisfaction with orthoses in those using orthoses. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: A total of 33 children with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita participated in the study...
May 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755174/clinical-diagnostic-tests-versus-medial-branch-blocks-for-adults-with-persisting-cervical-zygapophyseal-joint-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Kendra Usunier, Mark Hynes, James Michael Schuster, Annie Cornelio-Jin Suen, Jackie Sadi, David Walton
Purpose: A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to identify clinical tests for diagnosing cervical zygapophyseal joint pain (CZP) and to determine their diagnostic accuracy. Method: A search strategy was carried out to find relevant evidence published in CINAHL, Embase, MEDLINE, and PEDro from 1980 to January 1, 2015, pertaining to the clinical diagnosis of CZP. Quality assessment was completed using the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies-2. Results were analyzed to pool sensitivity and specificity and clarify diagnostic value...
2018: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750024/locomotive-syndrome-clinical-perspectives
#5
Tatsunori Ikemoto, Young-Chang Arai
The deterioration of locomotive components, which comprise bones, joints, and intervertebral discs, and muscles and nerves, can lead to symptoms such as pain, limitations in the range of joint mobility, malalignment, impaired balance, and difficulty walking. Locomotive syndrome (LoS) was proposed by the Japanese Orthopedic Association in 2007 as a concept for people who are at a high risk of developing a musculoskeletal ambulation disability attributed to locomotor organs. Although many international articles related to LoS have been published, an international consensus of this concept seems to be lacking...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748911/patient-education-and-rehabilitation-after-hip-arthroplasty-in-an-italian-spa-center-a-pilot-study-on-its-feasibility
#6
Alfredo Musumeci, Giulia Pranovi, Stefano Masiero
Nowadays, some spa centers are suitable for providing rehabilitative and preventive treatment in association with traditional spa therapy. This study aims to evaluate the feasibility and the effectiveness of an intensive rehabilitation program after hip arthroplasty in an Italian spa center. Early after total hip arthroplasty for severe osteoarthritis (≤ 10 days after the intervention), 12 consecutive patients (5 males and 7 females) aged between 50 and 85 years were enrolled for this study. All the patients performed a 2-week thermal multimodal rehabilitation program, which consisted of education and physical rehabilitative measures...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748508/unifying-terrain-awareness-for-the-visually-impaired-through-real-time-semantic-segmentation
#7
Kailun Yang, Kaiwei Wang, Luis M Bergasa, Eduardo Romera, Weijian Hu, Dongming Sun, Junwei Sun, Ruiqi Cheng, Tianxue Chen, Elena López
Navigational assistance aims to help visually-impaired people to ambulate the environment safely and independently. This topic becomes challenging as it requires detecting a wide variety of scenes to provide higher level assistive awareness. Vision-based technologies with monocular detectors or depth sensors have sprung up within several years of research. These separate approaches have achieved remarkable results with relatively low processing time and have improved the mobility of impaired people to a large extent...
May 10, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746150/biomechanical-comparison-of-anatomic-and-extra-anatomic-reconstruction-techniques-using-local-grafts-for-chronic-instability-of-the-acromioclavicular-joint
#8
Malo Le Hanneur, Andrew Thoreson, Damien Delgrande, Thibault Lafosse, Jean-David Werthel, Philippe Hardy, Bassem Elhassan
BACKGROUND: Anatomic reconstruction techniques are increasingly used to address cases of acromioclavicular (AC) joint chronic instability. These usually involve an additional surgical site for autograft harvesting or an allograft. PURPOSE: To describe a triple-bundle (TB) anatomic reconstruction using on-site autografts, the semiconjoint tendon (SCT) and the coracoacromial ligament (CAL), and compare its primary stability to the native AC joint ligamentous complex and to a modified Weaver-Dunn (WD) reconstruction...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739493/the-treatment-of-primary-arthritis-of-the-finger-and-thumb-joint
#9
Christian Karl Spies, Martin Langer, Peter Hahn, Lars Peter Müller, Frank Unglaub
BACKGROUND: Primary finger and thumb joint arthritis is common, with a markedly rising prevalence from age 50 onward. As the population as a whole ages, the need for effective, stage-appropriate treatment of this condition is increasing. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent publications retrieved by a selective search in the PubMed and Cochrane Library databases. RESULTS: Pain on movement and morning stiffness are commonly reported symptoms...
April 20, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738557/hand-reach-star-excursion-balance-test-an-alternative-test-for-dynamic-postural-control-and-functional-mobility
#10
Ola Eriksrud, Peter Federolf, Patrick Anderson, Jan Cabri
Tests of dynamic postural control eliciting full-body three-dimensional joint movements in a systematic manner are scarce. The well-established star excursion balance test (SEBT) elicits primarily three-dimensional lower extremity joint movements with minimal trunk and no upper extremity joint movements. In response to these shortcomings we created the hand reach star excursion balance test (HSEBT) based on the SEBT reach directions. The aims of the current study were to 1) compare HSEBT and SEBT measurements, 2) compare joint movements elicited by the HSEBT to both SEBT joint movements and normative range of motion values published in the literature...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736578/enhancing-biological-and-biomechanical-fixation-of-osteochondral-scaffold-a-grand-challenge
#11
Maryam Tamaddon, Chaozong Liu
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease, typified by degradation of cartilage and changes in the subchondral bone, resulting in pain, stiffness and reduced mobility. Current surgical treatments often fail to regenerate hyaline cartilage and result in the formation of fibrocartilage. Tissue engineering approaches have emerged for the repair of cartilage defects and damages to the subchondral bones in the early stage of OA and have shown potential in restoring the joint's function. In this approach, the use of three-dimensional scaffolds (with or without cells) provides support for tissue growth...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735454/-prophylactic-treatment-with-low-and-intermediate-dose-factor-viii-in-children-with-severe-hemophilia-a-comprehensive-evaluation-of-joint-outcomes-and-correlation-analysis
#12
Jin-Mu Zhuang, Xue-Yan Sun, Xuan Zhou, Zhu-Qin Liu, Jing Sun
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of low- and intermediate-dose factor VIII (FVIII) for prophylactic treatment of severe hemophilia A in children by comprehensively evaluating the outcomes of the joints. METHODS: Forty-seven children with severe hemophilia A (FVIII activity ≤2%) were enrolled in this study. Eighteen of the children received prophylactic treatment with low-dose FVIII (10 U/kg, 2-3 times a week), 20 received prophylactic treatment with intermediate-dose FVIII (15-30 U/kg, 3 times a week), and 9 received on-demand treatment with FVIII infusion when bleeding occurred according to the Chinese Expert Consensus on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Hemophilia...
April 20, 2018: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732421/the-top-50-cited-articles-on-chordomas
#13
Tochukwu Ikpeze, Addisu Mesfin
Background: Chordomas are rare malignant primary tumors of the spine. In the mobile spine and sacrum an en-bloc resection is associated with decreased rates of recurrence. Our objective was to identify the top cited articles in chordoma research and to further analyze characteristics of these articles. Methods: In March 2017, we used ISI Web of Science (v5.11, Thomas Reuter, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA) to search for the following key word: "chordoma"...
March 2018: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730883/smartphone-video-games-and-other-new-technologies-on-hand-joints-in-patients-with-psoriasis
#14
Nicolas Kluger
I read with great interest the article by Megna et al regarding the potential effects of smartphone addiction on the hand joints of individuals and patients with psoriasis [1]. The working hypothesis of the authors is appealing, but could fit in the broader scope of new technologies. Overuse syndrome is one of the known side effects of mobile phone and smartphone overuse, as well as video games joysticks and controllers [2,3]. Besides, the keyboard style of patients with rheumatoid arthritis may have the potential to put stress on joints that are already affected by the disease [4]...
May 6, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728215/radial-distraction-to-stabilize-distal-radioulnar-joint-in-distal-radius-fixation
#15
REVIEW
Jung-Pan Wang, Hui-Kuang Huang, Duretti Fufa
Persistent distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) instability after internal fixation of distal radius fractures can be managed with soft tissue or bony stabilization and prolonged immobilization. However, these strategies limit postoperative motion. To address this limitation, we report our technique of indirect ulna shortening by radial distraction followed by early mobilization and provide a case example. We use this technique in cases of persistent DRUJ instability during standard volar plating of distal radius fractures...
May 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723172/health-care-provider-counseling-for-weight-loss-among-adults-with-arthritis-and-overweight-or-obesity-united-states-2002-2014
#16
Dana Guglielmo, Jennifer M Hootman, Louise B Murphy, Michael A Boring, Kristina A Theis, Brook Belay, Kamil E Barbour, Miriam G Cisternas, Charles G Helmick
In the United States, 54.4 million adults report having doctor-diagnosed arthritis (1). Among adults with arthritis, 32.7% and 38.1% also have overweight and obesity, respectively (1), with obesity being more prevalent among persons with arthritis than among those who do not have arthritis (2). Furthermore, severe joint pain among adults with arthritis in 2014 was reported by 23.5% of adults with overweight and 31.7% of adults with obesity (3). The American College of Rheumatology recommends weight loss for adults with hip or knee osteoarthritis and overweight or obesity,* which can improve function and mobility while reducing pain and disability (4,5)...
May 4, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721463/trapeziometacarpal-joint-osteoarthritis-a-prospective-trial-on-two-widespread-conservative-therapies
#17
Lorenzo Rocchi, Antonio Merolli, Laura Giordani, Caterina Albensi, Calogero Foti
Introduction: The trapeziometacarpal (TMC) joint osteoarthritis (OA) is at the origin of important secondary functional disability to pinch as well as a painful grip. Several conservative therapies are often considered in the early stages of TMC OA to decrease pain, recover function and slow the evolution of OA. They include massage therapy, heat applications, stretching of the first web span and assisted mobilization of the TMC joint. However, as with other arthritic joints, many physicians often suggest administering intra-articular corticosteroids...
October 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715228/cervical-facet-orientation-varies-with-age-in-children-an-mri-study
#18
Sebastien Pesenti, Renaud Lafage, Virginie Lafage, Michel Panuel, Benjamin Blondel, Jean-Luc Jouve
BACKGROUND: Within the spine, mobility and stability are principles that drive anatomic morphology. Based on radiographic measurements, the orientation of cervical facet joints has been proven to change throughout child growth. However, because of the mainly cartilaginous composition of the vertebrae in the young child, the lack of osseous landmarks makes radiograph-based measurements unreliable. The aims of our study were to evaluate the change in the sagittal orientation of the cervical facet joints with age based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of asymptomatic children and to compare it to the changes in vertebral body dimensions...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715068/application-of-3d-printed-patient-specific-skeletal-implants-augmented-with-autologous-skeletal-stem-cells
#19
Vitali Goriainov, Josephine K McEwan, Richard O C Oreffo, Doug G Dunlop
Joint replacements have proved a medical success providing symptomatic relief and return to mobility in many patients with arthritis. However, multiple revision surgeries due to joint failure can result in complex revision scenarios with significant bone tissue loss, in an elderly population, which poses a significant clinical challenge. Computer-aided design-computer-assisted manufacturing (CAD-CAM) prototyped bespoke implants are currently being used as an alternative and innovative approach for joint restoration in salvage cases, while the incorporation of autologous skeletal stem cells to optimize regenerative capacity can enhance implant osseointegration...
May 1, 2018: Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713967/effects-of-glucosamine-in-patients-with-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Toru Ogata, Yuki Ideno, Masami Akai, Atsushi Seichi, Hiroshi Hagino, Tsutomu Iwaya, Toru Doi, Keiko Yamada, Ai-Zhen Chen, Yingzi Li, Kunihiko Hayashi
Osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is one of the main causes of mobility decline in the elderly. Non-surgical treatments such as administration of supplements to strengthen the joint cartilage matrix have become popular not only for pain relief but also for joint preservation. Glucosamine has been used in many countries based on the increasing evidence of its effectiveness for OA. Although there are many previous studies and systematic reviews, the findings vary and different conclusions have been drawn. We aimed to review recent randomized controlled trials on glucosamine for knee OA to reveal up-to-date findings about this supplement...
April 30, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
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