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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915945/potentiometric-sensor-for-non-invasive-lactate-determination-in-human-sweat
#1
Massimo Onor, Stefano Gufoni, Tommaso Lomonaco, Silvia Ghimenti, Pietro Salvo, Fiodor Sorrentino, Emilia Bramanti
The present work describes a non invasive lactate sensing in sweat during workout. The sensing system is based on a non-equilibrium potentiometric measure performed using disposable, chemically modified, screen printed carbon electrodes (SPCEs) that can be wetted with sweat during the exercise. The potentiometric signal, which is proportional to lactate concentration in sweat, is produced by a redox reaction activated by UV radiation, as opposed to the enzymatic reaction employed in traditional, blood-based measuring devices...
October 9, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876054/probing-the-role-of-the-heme-distal-and-proximal-environment-in-ligand-dynamics-in-the-signal-transducer-protein-hemat-by-time-resolved-step-scan-ftir-and-resonance-raman-spectroscopy
#2
Andrea Pavlou, Andreas Loullis, Hideaki Yoshimura, Shigetoshi Aono, Eftychia Pinakoulaki
HemAT is a heme-containing oxygen sensor protein that controls aerotaxis. Time-resolved step-scan FTIR studies were performed on the isolated sensor domain and full-length HemAT proteins as well as on the Y70F (B-helix), L92A (E-helix), T95A (E-helix), and Y133F (G-helix) mutants to elucidate the effect of the site-specific mutations on the ligand dynamics subsequent to CO photolysis. The mutations aimed to perturb H-bonding and electrostatic interactions near the heme Fe-bound gaseous ligand (CO) and the heme proximal environment...
September 21, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868841/factors-that-influence-the-occurrence-of-multiple-pregnancies-after-intracytoplasmic-injection-cycles-with-two-or-three-fresh-embryo-transfers
#3
Mahbubeh Abdollahi, Reza Omani Samani, Mandana Hemat, Arezoo Arabipoor, Fatemeh Shabani, Farzad Eskandari, Masoud Salehi
Background: Multiple pregnancies are an important complication of assisted reproductive technology (ART). The present study aims to indentify the risk factors for multiple pregnancies independent of the number of transferred embryos. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles in Royan Institute between October 2011 and January 2012. We entered 12 factors that affected the number of gestational sacs into the poisson regression (PR) model...
October 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856593/the-role-of-some-feed-additives-in-fish-fed-on-diets-contaminated-with-cadmium
#4
Mohamed Salah Ayyat, Hemat Kamal Mahmoud, Abd El-Aziz Mohamed El-Hais, Khaled Mahmoud Abd El-Latif
The decline of cadmium pollution in fish farms is needed by any adequate method. The present study was designed to explore the effect of dietary cadmium contamination and its amelioration by using dietary clay, probiotic (Bactocell®), vitamin C, and vitamin E supplementation in Nile tilapia fish diet on growth rate, feed efficiency, blood components, and cadmium residues. Fish were separated into 15 groups, each group of fish was stocked into three aquaria and each contains 20 fishes. The fish of the first five groups were fed the basal diet, the second five groups were fed the basal diet contaminated with 25 mg cadmium/kg, and the third five groups were fed the same diet contaminated with 50 mg cadmium/kg...
October 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657651/diet-and-cancer-prevention-dietary-compounds-dietary-micrornas-and-dietary-exosomes
#5
Zarrin Banikazemi, Hemat Aghagolzadeh Haji, Mohsen Mohammadi, Gholamreza Taheripak, Elmira Iranifar, Mohsen Poursadeghiyan, Abdullah Moridikia, Bahman Rashidi, Mohsen Taghizadeh, Hamed Mirzaei
Cancer is one of main health public problems worldwide. Several factors are involved in beginning and development of cancer. Genetic and internal/external environmental factors can be as important agents that effect on emerging and development of several cancers. Diet and nutrition may be as one of important factors in prevention or treatment of various cancers. A large number studies indicated that suitable dietary patterns may help to cancer prevention or could inhibit development of tumor in cancer patients...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635993/head-and-neck-vascular-anomalies-a-multidisciplinary-approach-and-diagnostic-criteria
#6
L Moneghini, V Sangiorgio, D Tosi, G Colletti, F Melchiorre, V Baraldini, D Graziani, R M Alfano, G Vercellio, G Bulfamante
Vascular anomalies represent a heterogeneous group of pathologies of the circulatory system that can affect any type of hematic and /or lymphatic vessel of different diameter or anatomic site. The extreme variability of tissue types and districts involved by these lesions determines a wide heterogeneity of clinical manifestations, resulting in involvement of different medical expertise. In this context, a commonly agreed terminology is crucial for the appropriate evaluation and multidisciplinary management of patients...
March 2017: Pathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631886/nlrp3-expression-and-urinary-hsp72-in-relation-to-biomarkers-of-inflammation-and-oxidative-stress-in-diabetic-nephropathy-patients
#7
Hemat El-Sayed El-Horany, Rania Nagi Abd-Ellatif, Mona Watany, Yasser M Hafez, Hanaa Ibrahim Okda
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the major causes of end-stage renal disease. Nod-like receptors nucleotide-binding domain and leucine-rich repeat pyrin-3 domain (NLRP3) inflammasome displays a considerable role in the chronic inflammatory state observed in diabetic patients. Urinary heat shock protein 72 (uHSP72) is a sensitive and specific biomarker for the early detection of acute kidney injury. The aim of this study was to evaluate NLRP3 relative gene expression, its correlation with inflammatory and oxidative stress markers, and to assess the value of uHSP72 in the early detection of DN in type 2 diabetic patients with different degrees of DN...
August 2017: IUBMB Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616270/urinothorax-a-systematic-review
#8
María E Toubes, Adriana Lama, Lucía Ferreiro, Antonio Golpe, José M Álvarez-Dobaño, Francisco J González-Barcala, Esther San José, Nuria Rodríguez-Núñez, Carlos Rábade, Tamara Lourido, Luis Valdés
BACKGROUND: The characteristics of patients with urinothorax (UT) are poorly defined. METHODS: A systematic review was performed searching for studies reporting clinical findings, pleural fluid (PF) characteristics, and the most effective treatment of UT. Case descriptions and retrospective studies were included. RESULTS: The review included 78 studies with a total of 88 patients. Median age was 45 years, male/female ratio was 1.6:1 and in 76% of cases the etiology was trauma...
May 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510282/cytologic-features-of-a-feline-inductive-odontogenic-tumor
#9
Ronaldo V Leite-Filho, Nelson J Tagliari, Fabrizio Grandi, Cláudio J M Laisse, Daniel G Gerardi, Saulo P Pavarini
The feline inductive odontogenic tumor (FIOT) is a rare entity among oral tumors in cats, the cytologic features of which are not well characterized but may prove useful. A fine-needle aspiration biopsy was performed on the right mandible between the permanent canine (404) and permanent fourth premolar (408) of an 8-month-old female mongrel cat. Cytologic smears showed epithelial cells and occasional spindle cells with extracellular homogenous acidophilic material in a hematic background. The initial diagnosis of benign tumor was confirmed by histopathologic examination of the biopsy specimen...
May 16, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481655/young-adult-binge-drinkers-have-immunophenotypic-changes-in-peripheral-polymorphonuclear-cells-and-monocytes
#10
Adolfo Pérez-García, América Guadalupe Arroyo-Valerio, José Luis Zaldivar-Fujigaki, Mayra A Bustos-Esquivel, Alfonso Gastelum-Strozzi, Miguel A Padilla-Castañeda, Arturo Reding-Bernal, David Kershenobich, Joselín Hernández-Ruiz
BACKGROUND: High alcohol intake on weekends (binge drinking) is more frequent in young adults, who could undergo early liver damage. Alcohol-induced liver damage is characterized by polymorphonuclear cell (PMN) infiltration, which can be represented in the peripheral blood by altered trafficking and activation profiles. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the PMN trafficking and activation immunophenotypic profiles in people with a binge drinking pattern. METHODS: People with binge drinking (n = 18, 8 females) or at low risk (n = 16, 13 females) based on their AUDIT and HEPCA scores were studied...
May 8, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410949/-pigmentations-of-the-oral-cavity
#11
Jean-Christophe Fricain, Vincent Sibaud
Buccal mucosa color is explained by hemoglobin in the vessels and melanin in the epithelium. Abnormal presence of melanin pigments (hypermelaninosis, hypermelanocytosis), hematic pigments (hemoglobin, hemosiderin, iron) but also some exogenous circonstancies explain pigmented lesions (figure 1). These lesions could be localized (single lesions), multifocal (multiple lesions) or diffused. In case of a localized pigmentation with melanic appearance, melanoma must be systematically eliminated with a biopsy. In the case of a more diffused lesion, systemic disease must be evoked...
March 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398808/isolation-methods-of-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-in-spanish-biobanks-an-overview
#12
Irene Consuegra, Clara Rodríguez-Aierbe, Inés Santiuste, Anna Bosch, Rosario Martínez-Marín, Ma Antonia Fortuto, Tatiana Díaz, Salvador Martí, Ma Ángeles Muñoz-Fernández
The Spanish Hematic Derivatives Group, consisting of 26 biobanks, was established in 2011. We describe here the viability results of our publically available standard operating procedure to freeze and thaw peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). Our protocol maximizes PBMC viability while avoiding where possible interbiobank and intrabiobank assay variability.
August 2017: Biopreservation and Biobanking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378603/partial-renal-resection-by-laparonewpro-in-vivo-open-and-laparoscopic-study-in-an-animal-model
#13
Piero Rossi, Mauro Montuori, Pierluigi Bove, Adriano De Majo, Edoardo Ricciardi, Maurizio Mattei, Roberta Bernardini, Luigino Calzetta, Paolo Mauti, Lorenzo Intini, Valentino Quattrini, Carlo Chiaramonte, Alessandro Mauriello, Giuseppe Vespasiani
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this research project was to test an incremental bipolar radiofrequency generator with open and laparoscopic inline electrode probe for partial renal resection without vascular clamping. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixteen polar resections with clamping and six without were performed in four pigs in the acute phase. Three pigs underwent laparoscopic polar resection and were live housed for ten days and reoperated to verify the presence of hematic and urinary collection and the condition of the renal edge...
April 5, 2017: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349034/repeated-sprint-ability-is-not-enhanced-by-caffeine-arginine-and-branched-chain-amino-acids-in-moderately-trained-soccer-players
#14
Andrea Ermolao, Tobia Zanotto, Nicolò Carraro, Tommaso Fornasier, Marco Zaccaria, Daniel Neunhaeuserer, Marco Bergamin
The aim was to investigate the effect of a dietary supplementation on the repeated sprint ability (RSA) performance in recreationally trained team sports athletes. Twelve young men underwent a RSA exercise protocol in five trials, in which participants ingested carbohydrates (CHO) plus caffeine (Caf), CHO plus arginine (Arg), CHO plus branched-chain amino acids (BCAA), CHO plus Caf, Arg, and BCAA (ALL), and CHO only. Heart rate, oxygen saturation, hematic lactate, ratings of perceived exertion, average sprint time, total time, best sprint time, peak power, and average power were taken...
February 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348444/sirolimus-on-gorham-stout-disease-case-report
#15
Vanessa García, Gloria Alonso-Claudio, M-Teresa Gómez-Hernández, Antonio-J Chamorro
BACKGROUND: Gorham-Stout disease (GSD) is a rare disease of unknown etiology characterized by vascular proliferation that produces destruction of bone matrix. CASE DESCRIPTION: This case is about 43 year old woman who begins with pain in sternum, dyspnea, abdominal mass and, serous-hematic pleural effusion. Imaging tests were performed showing lesions on 6(th) and 10(th) left ribs archs. Later, a thoracotomy was performed observed absence of the end of the 6(th) and lung, pleural and costal biopsy was token...
December 30, 2016: Colombia Médica: CM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343785/pericardial-mesothelioma-presenting-as-a-suspected-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#16
Ana Sofia Barroso, Sérgio Leite, Fernando Friões, Mariana Vasconcelos, Daniela Azevedo, Helena Baldaia, Mário Jorge Amorim, Paula Dias
Primary cardiac and pericardial tumors are rare entities with an autopsy frequency of 0.001-0.03%. Metastases to the heart and pericardium are much more common than primary tumors. Malignant pericardial mesotheliomas account for up to 50% of primary pericardial tumors. We report the case of a 75-year-old woman with hypertension, dyslipidemia and atrial fibrillation who went to the emergency department due to nonspecific thoracic discomfort of over six hours duration associated with syncope. Physical examination revealed a low-amplitude arrhythmic pulse, no heart murmurs and no signs of pulmonary congestion...
April 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334747/the-family-planning-conundrum-in-afghanistan
#17
Hemat Shafiqullah, Ayako Morita, Keiko Nakamura, Kaoruko Seino
In Afghanistan, despite the high awareness levels of contraceptive methods, the contraceptive prevalence is low and short birth spacing is common. The aim of this study was to understand the perception about family planning and contraceptive utilization among reproductive-aged married women, their husbands, their mothers-in-law, religious leaders and healthcare providers. Focus group discussions and semi-structured interviews were conducted among married women of reproductive age ( n =  482), their husbands ( n =  133), their mothers-in-law ( n =  194), their religious leaders ( n =  16), and healthcare providers ( n =  36) in rural and urban areas in five provinces...
October 20, 2016: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282377/before-the-bombing-high-burden-of-traumatic-injuries-in-kunduz-trauma-center-kunduz-afghanistan
#18
Hamayoun Hemat, Safieh Shah, Petros Isaakidis, Mrinalini Das, Nang Thu Thu Kyaw, Sattar Zaheer, Abdul Qayeum Qasemy, Mutallib Zakir, Gbane Mahama, Catherine Van Overloop, Lynette Dominguez
BACKGROUND: Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) has been providing healthcare in Afghanistan since 1981 including specialized health services for trauma patients in Kunduz Trauma Center (KTC) from 2011. On October 3rd, 2015, a US airstrike hit the KTC, killing 42 people including 14 MSF staff. This study aims to demonstrate the impact on healthcare provision, after hospital destruction, by assessing the extent of care provided for trauma and injuries by the MSF KTC and to report on treatment outcomes from January 2014 to June 2015, three months prior to the bombing...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217872/craniosynostosis-delayed-closure-of-the-fontanelle-anal-genitourinary-and-skin-abnormalities-cdags-syndrome-first-report-in-a-mexican-patient-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Rodrigo Pastrana-Ayala, Gretty L Peña-Castro, Adriana M Valencia-Herrera, Carlos A Mena-Cedillos, Sonia Toussaint-Caire, Yumiko I Akaki-Carreño, Constanza García-Delgado, Veronica F Morán-Barroso, Mirna Toledo-Bahena
INTRODUCTION: Craniosynostosis and clavicular hypoplasia, delayed closure of the fontanelle, cranial defects, anal and genitourinary abnormalities, and skin (CDAGS), is an infrequent autosomal recessive entity with only 10 cases reported; no associated gene has been identified so far. CASE REPORT: The proband is a 2-year-old Mexican female with brachycephaly, cleft palate, anal malformation with rectovestibular fistula, and clinodactyly of the third toe overlapping the second...
February 19, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098395/first-uhplc-ms-ms-method-coupled-with-automated-online-spe-for-quantification-both-of-tacrolimus-and-everolimus-in-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-and-its-application-on-samples-from-co-treated-pediatric-patients
#20
Debora Pensi, Amedeo De Nicolò, Michele Pinon, Clarissa Pisciotta, Pier Luigi Calvo, Antonello Nonnato, Renato Romagnoli, Francesco Tandoi, Giovanni Di Perri, Antonio D'Avolio
Tacrolimus (TAC, FK-506) and everolimus (EVE, RAD001) are immunosuppressors used to treat pediatric patients undergoing liver transplantation. Their hematic TDM by liquid chromatography became standard practice. However, it does not always reflect concentrations at their active site. Our aim was to develop and validate a new method for the simultaneous TAC and EVE quantification into target cells: peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were collected using cell preparation tubes; cells number and mean cell volume were evaluated by an automatic cell counter...
March 2017: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
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