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Cysticercosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077749/survey-of-obstetrician-gynecologists-in-the-united-states-about-taeniasis-and-cysticercosis
#1
Rebecca L Hall, Britta Anderson, Jay Schulkin, Paul T Cantey, Susan P Montgomery, Jeffrey L Jones
An estimated 50 million persons worldwide are infected with cysticerci, the larval forms of the Taenia solium tapeworm. Neurocysticercosis can cause seizures, epilepsy, and hydrocephalus, and fatal cases have been reported in the United States in immigrants and in travelers returning from endemic countries. Pregnant women with symptomatic neurocysticercosis present treatment challenges, whereas those with the adult tapeworm infection (i.e., taeniasis) can put their infants and other family members, as well as obstetrician-gynecologists and their staff, at risk for cysticercosis...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056028/assessing-ultrasonography-as-a-diagnostic-tool-for-porcine-cysticercosis
#2
Robert H Flecker, Ian W Pray, Saul J Santivaňez, Viterbo Ayvar, Ricardo Gamboa, Claudio Muro, Luz Maria Moyano, Victor Benavides, Hector H Garcia, Seth E O'Neal
BACKGROUND: Taenia solium inflicts substantial neurologic disease and economic losses on rural communities in many developing nations. "Ring-strategy" is a control intervention that targets treatment of humans and pigs among clusters of households (rings) that surround pigs heavily infected with cysticerci. These pigs are typically identified by examining the animal's tongue for cysts. However, as prevalence decreases in intervened communities, more sensitive methods may be needed to identify these animals and to maintain control pressure...
January 5, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054225/spectrum-and-burden-of-neglected-tropical-diseases-observed-in-an-infectious-and-tropical-diseases-unit-in-florence-italy-2000-2015
#3
Lorenzo Zammarchi, Iacopo Vellere, Leonardo Stella, Filippo Bartalesi, Marianne Strohmeyer, Alessandro Bartoloni
Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) are a diverse group of acute and chronic conditions with distinct characteristics that thrive mainly among the poorest populations, almost exclusively in tropical countries. To evaluate the relevance and impact of NTDs in a temperate area, the number and features of patients diagnosed with NTDs at the Infectious and Tropical Diseases Unit (ITDU), Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Careggi, Florence, Italy between 2000 and 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Overall 289 NTD cases were diagnosed in 283 subjects accounting for 2...
January 4, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053392/isolated-intramuscular-cysticercosis-clinicopathological-features-diagnosis-and-management-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Durgashankar Meena, Mayank Gupta, Vijay Kumar Jain, Rajendra Kumar Arya
Cysticercosis is an emerging parasitic disease affecting worldwide population. There is large volume of data present in the literature for neurocysticercosis. The isolated intramuscular involvement of cysticercosis is uncommon and there are only sporadic case reports available. There is no review available in the literature which gives in detail clinicoradiological features and management of isolated intramuscular cysticercosis. Knowledge about such a presentation is important especially in developing countries and to differentiate the condition from a variety of other similar conditions...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049444/risk-factors-perceptions-and-practices-associated-with-taenia-solium-cysticercosis-and-its-control-in-the-smallholder-pig-production-systems-in-uganda-a-cross-sectional-survey
#5
Joseph M Kungu, Michel M Dione, Francis Ejobi, Michael Ocaido, Delia Grace
BACKGROUND: Prevalence studies report Taenia solium cysticercosis in pig and human populations in Uganda. However, the factors influencing occurrence in smallholder pig production systems are not well documented and little is known about farmers' perceptions of T. solium cysticercosis or farmer practices that could reduce transmission. METHODS: To determine the risk factors, perceptions and practices regarding T. solium cysticercosis, a household survey using a semi-structured questionnaire was conducted in 1185 households in the rural and urban pig production systems in Masaka, Mukono and Kamuli Districts...
January 3, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033226/mobile-subretinal-cysticercus-imaged-by-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-with-motion-tracker
#6
Ravi Bypareddy, Brijesh Takkar, Rohan Chawla, Neha Sachdeva, Shorya V Azad, Koushik Tripathy
PURPOSE: To report optical coherence tomography-based videoimaging of alive subretinal cysticercus along with its mobile scolex. METHODS: Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography was used to record high-definition videoimages, using the inbuilt motion tracker, in a 12-year-old boy with history of neurocysticercosis. RESULT: The scolex was found to be sensitive to light, and contractile movements were seen in the cyst wall and the germinative layers...
December 28, 2016: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029917/disseminated-cysticercosis
#7
Qiang Meng, Lingchun Liu
A 23-year-old woman presented with a 1-month history of headache, vomiting, recurrent episodes of syncope, weight gain, and leg pain. A physical examination revealed several subcutaneous nodules on the patient’s face and trunk. Exophthalmos, fundal hemorrhage, neck rigidity, and a hypertrophic..
December 29, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017213/revised-diagnostic-criteria-for-neurocysticercosis
#8
REVIEW
O H Del Brutto, T E Nash, A C White, V Rajshekhar, P P Wilkins, G Singh, C M Vasquez, P Salgado, R H Gilman, H H Garcia
BACKGROUND: A unified set of criteria for neurocysticercosis (NCC) has helped to standardize its diagnosis in different settings. METHODS: Cysticercosis experts were convened to update current diagnostic criteria for NCC according to two principles: neuroimaging studies are essential for diagnosis, and all other information provides indirect evidence favoring the diagnosis. Recent diagnostic advances were incorporated to this revised set. RESULTS: This revised set is structured in absolute, neuroimaging and clinical/exposure criteria...
January 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992429/high-prevalence-of-asymptomatic-neurocysticercosis-in-an-endemic-rural-community-in-peru
#9
Luz M Moyano, Seth E O'Neal, Viterbo Ayvar, Guillermo Gonzalvez, Ricardo Gamboa, Percy Vilchez, Silvia Rodriguez, Joe Reistetter, Victor C W Tsang, Robert H Gilman, Armando E Gonzalez, Hector H Garcia
BACKGROUND: Neurocysticercosis is a common helminthic infection of the central nervous system and an important cause of adult-onset epilepsy in endemic countries. However, few studies have examined associations between neurologic symptoms, serology and radiographic findings on a community-level. METHODOLOGY: We conducted a population-based study of resident's ≥2 years old in a highly endemic village in Peru (pop. 454). We applied a 14 -question neurologic screening tool and evaluated serum for antibodies against Taenia solium cysticercosis using enzyme-linked immunoelectrotransfer blot (LLGP-EITB)...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992011/muscular-cysticercosis-case-report-and-imaging-findings
#10
Neide Regina Simões Olmo, Ulysses Ferreira Fiorio, Eder Amaral Bastos, Marcel Andreazza Clemente, Gustavo Gomes Mendes
Cysticercosis is a parasitic disease caused by a worm of the Cestoda class. The most prevalent form affects the nervous system. This case report is from a 78-year-old female patient evaluated at Clínica Mult Imagem, in the city of Santos, Brazil, who presented a form of the disease that differed from the classic neurocysticercosis, in this case muscular cysticercosis. This and other forms of manifestation justify further studies to ensure adequate recognition, diagnosis and treatment of this parasitic disease...
November 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984581/cystisim-an-agent-based-model-for-taenia-solium-transmission-and-control
#11
Uffe Christian Braae, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Sarah Gabriël, Pierre Dorny, Niko Speybroeck, Pascal Magnussen, Paul Torgerson, Maria Vang Johansen
Taenia solium taeniosis/cysticercosis was declared eradicable by the International Task Force for Disease Eradication in 1993, but remains a neglected zoonosis. To assist in the attempt to regionally eliminate this parasite, we developed cystiSim, an agent-based model for T. solium transmission and control. The model was developed in R and available as an R package (http://cran.r-project.org/package=cystiSim). cystiSim was adapted to an observed setting using field data from Tanzania, but adaptable to other settings if necessary...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958200/update-on-pathology-of-ocular-parasitic-disease
#12
REVIEW
Dipankar Das, Varsha Ramachandra, Saidul Islam, Harsha Bhattacharjee, Jyotirmay Biswas, Akanksha Koul, Panna Deka, Apurba Deka
Parasites are a group of eukaryotic organisms that may be free-living or form a symbiotic or parasitic relationship with the hosts. Consisting of over 800,000 recognized species, parasites may be unicellular (Protozoa) or multicellular (helminths and arthropods). The association of parasites with human population started long before the emergence of civilization. Parasitic zoonotic diseases are prevalent worldwide including India. Appropriate epidemiological data are lacking on existing zoonotic parasitic diseases, and newer diseases are emerging in our scenario...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935920/it-s-even-here-two-rare-cases-of-pyriformis-myocysticercus
#13
M Prakash, P Gupta, A Gulati, N Khandelwal
Cysticercus, the larval form of Taenia Solium, a tapeworm, can infest various tissues in the human body. Though central nervous system involvement is the most dramatic form of infestation, several other uncommon sites of has been reported in the literature. One such involvement is that of the musculature. The most easily recalled manifestation of myocysticercus is that in the orbit where the patients present with painful proptosis. However, other less common muscular sites of involvement are documented in case reports...
July 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931921/risk-factors-for-taenia-saginata-cysticercus-infection-in-cattle-in-the-united-kingdom-a-farm-level-case-control-study-and-assessment-of-the-role-of-movement-history-age-and-sex
#14
L R Marshall, B Chengat Prakashbabu, J Pinto Ferreira, S N Buzdugan, K D C Stärk, J Guitian
Bovine cysticercosis is caused by Taenia saginata cysticercus, the larval stage of the human tapeworm Taenia saginata. Recent European initiatives have highlighted the poor sensitivity of current surveillance for this parasite in cattle at slaughter; calling for more targeted, risk based and cost effective methods of T. saginata cysticercus detection. The aim of this study was to provide evidence that could inform such improved meat inspection activities in the United Kingdom (UK). The study included three components: (i) a farm-level case control study; (ii) the characterization of the network of movements of T...
December 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913109/protein-profiles-of-taenia-solium-cysts-obtained-from-skeletal-muscles-and-the-central-nervous-system-of-pigs-search-for-tissue-specific-proteins
#15
José Navarrete-Perea, Bárbara Moguel, Raúl José Bobes, Nelly Villalobos, Julio César Carrero, Edda Sciutto, Xavier Soberón, Juan Pedro Laclette
Taeniasis/cysticercosis caused by the tapeworm Taenia solium is a parasite disease transmitted among humans and pigs, the main intermediate host. The larvae/cysts can lodge in several tissues of the pig, i.e. skeletal muscles and different locations of the central nervous system. The molecular mechanisms associated to tissue preferences of the cysts remain poorly understood. The major public health concern about this zoonosis is due to the human infections by the larval form in the central nervous system, causing a highly pleomorphic and debilitating disease known as neurocysticercosis...
November 29, 2016: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904433/isolated-intramuscular-cysticercosis
#16
COMMENT
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903304/association-between-taenia-solium-infection-and-hiv-aids-in-northern-tanzania-a-matched-cross-sectional-study
#17
Veronika Schmidt, Christian Kositz, Karl-Heinz Herbinger, Hélène Carabin, Bernard Ngowi, Ezra Naman, Patricia P Wilkins, John Noh, William Matuja, Andrea Sylvia Winkler
BACKGROUND: The frequency of Taenia solium, a zoonotic helminth, is increasing in many countries of sub-Saharan Africa, where the prevalence of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is also high. However, little is known about how these two infections interact. The aim of this study was to compare the proportion of HIV positive (+) and negative (-) individuals who are infected with Taenia solium (TSOL) and who present with clinical and neurological manifestations of cysticercosis (CC)...
December 1, 2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891042/spinal-cysticercosis-a-report-of-two-cases-with-review-of-literature
#18
Ishita Pant, Sujata Chaturvedi, Gurbachan Singh, Sanjeev Gupta, Rima Kumari
Neurocysticercosis is the most common parasitic infection of the central nervous system worldwide. However, Cysticercosis affecting the spine is considered extremely rare. We report two cases of spinal cysticercosis with review of literature.
October 2016: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887696/reprint-of-neurocysticercosis-related-mortality-in-brazil-2000-2011-epidemiology-of-a-neglected-neurologic-cause-of-death
#19
Francisco Rogerlândio Martins-Melo, Alberto Novaes Ramos, Marta Guimarães Cavalcanti, Carlos Henrique Alencar, Jorg Heukelbach
Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is an important cause of severe neurological disease mainly in low- and middle-income countries, but data on NCC mortality from endemic areas are scarce. Here we analysed the epidemiological patterns of NCC-related mortality in Brazil. We included all deaths recorded in Brazil between 2000 and 2011, in which NCC was mentioned on death certificates, either as underlying or as associated cause of death. NCC was identified in 1829/12,491,280 deaths (0.015%), 1130 (61.8%) as underlying cause, and 699 (38...
January 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887694/reprint-of-assessing-the-impact-of-a-joint-human-porcine-intervention-package-for-taenia-solium-control-results-of-a-pilot-study-from-northern-lao-pdr
#20
Anna L Okello, Lian Thomas, Phouth Inthavong, Amanda Ash, Boualam Khamlome, Chattouphone Keokamphet, Kim Newberry, Charles G Gauci, Sarah Gabriël, Pierre Dorny, Rc Andrew Thompson, Marshall W Lightowlers, John Allen
Following confirmation that a remote village of approximately 300 inhabitants in northern Lao PDR was hyperendemic for the Neglected Tropical Disease Taenia solium, a pilot human-porcine therapeutic control intervention was implemented between October 2013 and November 2014. Mass drug administration with a three day albendazole 400mg protocol was offered to all eligible humans in October 2013 and March 2014. At these times, and again in October 2014, eligible village pigs received the anti-cysticercosis TSOL18 vaccination and an oral dose of oxfendazole anthelmintic at 30mg/kg, both repeated one month later...
January 2017: Acta Tropica
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