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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469334/-evaluation-of-elisa-kit-for-detection-of-serum-specific-igg-antibodies-against-taenia-solium-in-diagnosis-of-human-cysticercosis
#1
Chen Chuang, Chen Xing-Wang, Deng Jian-Zhong, Li Tiao-Ying
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ELISA kit for detection of IgG antibodies against Taenia solium cysticercus in humans, so as to provide a reference for its application in clinical practice. METHODS: The sera collected from the patients with neurocysticercosis, echinococcosis, taeniasis and healthy people, respectively, were checked by ELISA for specific IgG antibodies against T. solium cysticercus, as described in the instruction of the kit. RESULTS: Of the 30 patients with neurocysticercosis at active stage, 28 showed seropositive reaction, indicating a sensitivity of 93...
March 13, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466706/identification-and-characterization-of-taenia-solium-enolase-as-a-plasminogen-binding-protein
#2
Dolores A Ayón-Núñez, Gladis Fragoso, Clara Espitia, Martín García-Varela, Xavier Soberón, Gabriela Rosas, Juan P Laclette, Raúl J Bobes
The larval stage of Taenia solium (cysticerci) is the causal agent of human and swine cysticercosis. When ingested by the host, T. solium eggs are activated and hatch in the intestine, releasing oncospheres that migrate to various tissues and evolve into cysticerci. Plasminogen (Plg) receptor proteins have been reported to play a role in migration processes for several pathogens. This work is aimed to identify Plg-binding proteins in T. solium cysticerci and determine whether T. solium recombinant enolase (rTsEnoA) is capable of specifically binding and activating human Plg...
February 18, 2018: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437748/subretinal-cysticercosis-with-a-mobile-scolex
#3
Deepa R Swamy, Ashish Markan, Shashwat Behera, Amar Pujari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 5, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432711/seroprevalence-of-human-cysticercosis-in-jata%C3%A3-goi%C3%A3-s-state-brazil
#4
Kaliny Xavier da Guarda, Julia Maria Costa Cruz, Ivanildes Solange da Costa Barcelos
The Taenia solium cysticercosis affects millions of people worldwide and is considered a public health problem, especially in developing countries. The diagnosis of neurocysticercosis (NCC) is complex and involves the analysis of epidemiological, clinical, neuroimaging, and immunological host data. NCC is endemic in Brazil, and is related to the cause of death mainly in the Southeast, South, and Central-West regions. The objective of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of cysticercosis in inhabitants of the city of Jataí, Goiás, in the Central-West region of Brazil from April to August 2012...
February 9, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426478/taenia-solium-from-a-community-perspective-preliminary-costing-data-in-the-katete-and-sinda-districts-in-eastern-zambia
#5
Emma C Hobbs, Kabemba E Mwape, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Sarah Gabriël, Mwelwa Chembensofu, Moses Mambwe, Isaac K Phiri, Maxwell Masuku, Gideon Zulu, Angela Colston, Arve Lee Willingham, Dirk Berkvens, Pierre Dorny, Emmanuel Bottieau, Niko Speybroeck
The tapeworm Taenia solium is endemic in Zambia, however its socioeconomic cost is unknown. During a large-scale interventional study conducted in Zambia, baseline economic costs of human and porcine T. solium infections were measured. Questionnaire surveys were conducted within three neighbourhoods in Zambia's Eastern province in 2015 and 2016. A human health questionnaire, capturing costs of clinical symptoms commonly attributable to human cysticercosis and taeniasis, was conducted in randomly selected households (n = 267)...
February 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420601/taenia-solium-taenia-saginata-taenia-asiatica-their-hybrids-and-other-helminthic-infections-occurring-in-a-neglected-tropical-diseases-highly-endemic-area-in-lao-pdr
#6
Marcello Otake Sato, Megumi Sato, Tetsuya Yanagida, Jitra Waikagul, Tiengkham Pongvongsa, Yasuhito Sako, Surapol Sanguankiat, Tipparayat Yoonuan, Sengchanh Kounnavang, Satoru Kawai, Akira Ito, Munehiro Okamoto, Kazuhiko Moji
Most part of Southeast Asia is considered endemic for human-infecting Taenia tapeworms; Taenia solium, T. saginata, and T. asiatica. However, until now there was no report of the occurrence of human cases of T. asiatica in Lao PDR. This study, conducted in Savannakhet Province, Lao PDR, microscopically examined a total of 470 fecal samples by Kato Katz method and found 86% of people harboring at least one helminth. Hookworms were detected in 56% of the samples besides Opisthorchis like eggs (42%), Trichuris trichiura (27%), Ascaris spp...
February 8, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383316/solitary-head-and-neck-cysticercosis-a-series-of-rare-cases
#7
Priyanko Chakraborty, Rakhi Kumari, Rajiv-Kumar Jain, Vikash Prasad, Sidharth Pradhan, Purnima Joshi
Introduction: Cysticercosis is a disease which is caused by the infestation of the larvae Taenia solium, with humans acting as an intermediate host instead of a definitive host. Head and neck involvement including maxillofacial and oral involvement of cysticercosis is quite rare. Case Report: We report a series of rare cases of cysticercosis of the head and neck region encountered in a tertiary hospital in Northern India with a brief review of literature and its diagnosis and management...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351667/what-to-expect-and-when-benznidazole-toxicity-in-chronic-chagas-disease-treatment
#8
E Aldasoro, E Posada, A Requena-Méndez, A Calvo-Cano, N Serret, A Casellas, S Sanz, D Soy, M J Pinazo, J Gascon
Background: Benznidazole is one of the two most effective antiparasitic drugs for Chagas' disease treatment. However, knowledge about its toxicity profile is mostly based on post-marketing observational studies. Objectives: Our study combines data from two prospective clinical trials designed to assess the safety of the drug newly produced by ELEA Laboratories (Abarax®). Methods: Eligible participants were selected using a consecutive sampling strategy in the CINEBENZ and BIOMARCHA studies between 2013 and 2016 (EUDRACT 2011-002900-34 and 2012-002645-38, respectively, and clinicaltrials...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350149/cysticercosis-in-shandong-province-eastern-china
#9
Gongzhen Liu, Yanshen Li, Yong Cui, Bingcheng Huang, Hongfa Wang, Yanping Chen, Jingxuan Kou, Fuyong Wang, Chongxing Zhang, Yong Huang, Yin Li, Meng Wang, Qingkuan Wei, Jin Li, Hui Sun, Kun Yin, Guihua Zhao, Yan Jiang, Xin Mao, Zhenhua Yu, Xin Liu
We analyzed demographic and clinical data and estimated the incidence of cysticercosis in Shandong Province, China, during 1975-2014. Our analyses showed that a cysticercosis-endemic area is present in Shandong Province, especially in its western regions. Improved surveillance and control are needed to address the elevated risk for cysticercosis in this region.
February 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321202/extraocular-muscle-cysticercosis-never-skip-steroids
#10
Abhidnya Surve, Siddhi Goel, Mandeep S Bajaj, Amar Pujari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314480/preliminary-assessment-of-the-computer-based-taenia-solium-educational-program-the-vicious-worm-on-knowledge-uptake-in-primary-school-students-in-rural-areas-in-eastern-zambia
#11
Emma C Hobbs, Kabemba Evans Mwape, Inge Van Damme, Dirk Berkvens, Gideon Zulu, Moses Mambwe, Mwelwa Chembensofu, Isaac Khozozo Phiri, Maxwell Masuku, Emmanuel Bottieau, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Niko Speybroeck, Angela Colston, Pierre Dorny, Arve Lee Willingham, Sarah Gabriël
OBJECTIVE: The zoonotic helminth Taenia solium is endemic in Zambia, causing human (taeniasis and (neuro)cysticercosis) and pig (porcine cysticercosis) diseases with high health, social and economic burdens. We aimed to evaluate the impact of a health educational program intended to lead to powerful and cumulative improvements in knowledge, attitudes and practices that decrease parasite transmission and disease occurrence. METHODS: Half-day health education workshops were conducted in three primary schools in the highly endemic Eastern Province of Zambia, using the computer-based T...
January 4, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288739/mapping-the-residual-incidence-of-taeniasis-and-cysticercosis-in-colombia-2009-2013-using-geographical-information-systems-implications-in-public-health-and-travel-medicine
#12
Alfonso J Rodríguez-Morales, María Camila Yepes-Echeverri, Wilmer F Acevedo-Mendoza, Hamilton A Marín-Rincón, Carlos Culquichicón, Esteban Parra-Valencia, Jaime A Cardona-Ospina, Ana Flisser
BACKGROUND: In Colombia, taeniasis and cysticercosis have been significantly reduced over the past decades, however still reported with implications for public health and travel medicine. METHODS: An observational, retrospective study, in which the incidence of taeniasis and cysticercosis (ICD-10 codes B68s/B69s) in Colombia, 2009-2013, was estimated based on data extracted from the Individual Health Records System (Registro Individual de Prestación de Servicios, RIPS) was performed...
December 27, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284011/genetic-variability-of-taenia-solium-cysticerci-recovered-from-experimentally-infected-pigs-and-from-naturally-infected-pigs-using-microsatellite-markers
#13
Mónica J Pajuelo, María Eguiluz, Elisa Roncal, Stefany Quiñones-García, Steven J Clipman, Juan Calcina, Cesar M Gavidia, Patricia Sheen, Hector H Garcia, Robert H Gilman, Armando E Gonzalez, Mirko Zimic
The adult Taenia solium, the pork tapeworm, usually lives as a single worm in the small intestine of humans, its only known definitive host. Mechanisms of genetic variation in T. solium are poorly understood. Using three microsatellite markers previously reported [1], this study explored the genetic variability of T. solium from cysts recovered from experimentally infected pigs. It then explored the genetic epidemiology and transmission in naturally infected pigs and adult tapeworms recovered from human carriers from an endemic rural community in Peru...
December 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260655/spontaneously-arrested-transmission-of-cysticercosis-in-a-highly-endemic-village-with-a-very-low-migration-rate
#14
Oscar H Del Brutto, Seth E O'Neal, Pierre Dorny, Héctor H García
Taenia solium cysticercosis is difficult to eliminate without interventions or societal development. Atahualpa is a rural Ecuadorian village with documented low migration rate, where domestic pig raising is common and human cysticercosis is endemic. To assess neurocysticercosis (NCC) prevalence, 1,273 villagers aged ≥ 20 years underwent neuroimaging studies, which showed calcified lesions in 121 (9.5%) individuals, but no active disease. Likewise, positive reactions, apparently nonspecific, were found in only 3/200 subjects by the use of a monoclonal antibody-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to detect T...
December 18, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230579/prevalence-of-cysticercosis-in-estonian-pigs-and-cattle
#15
Elisabeth Dorbek-Kolin, Tuuli Åhlberg, Lea Tummeleht, Dennis Tappe, Maria Vang Johansen, Brian Lassen
Taenia solium has been ranked as the most important foodborne parasite and Taenia saginata as the most commonly found human Taenia tapeworm worldwide. The last official reports of taeniosis from Estonia were in 2003 for T. solium and 2012 for T. saginata. By law, all animal cases of cysticercosis must be registered and reported when found. Our aim was to estimate the prevalence of cysticercosis in Estonia caused by T. solium in pigs and T. saginata in cattle. The four slaughterhouses participating in the study slaughter between them approximately 80% of pigs and cattle in Estonia annually...
December 11, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229654/protocol-for-developing-a-database-of-zoonotic-disease-research-in-india-dozoori
#16
Pranab Chatterjee, Soumyadeep Bhaumik, Abhimanyu Singh Chauhan, Manish Kakkar
INTRODUCTION: Zoonotic and emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) represent a public health threat that has been acknowledged only recently although they have been on the rise for the past several decades. On an average, every year since the Second World War, one pathogen has emerged or re-emerged on a global scale. Low/middle-income countries such as India bear a significant burden of zoonotic and EIDs. We propose that the creation of a database of published, peer-reviewed research will open up avenues for evidence-based policymaking for targeted prevention and control of zoonoses...
December 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210354/neurocysticercosis-among-people-living-nearby-pigs-heavily-infected-with-cysticercosis-in-rural-endemic-peru
#17
Brian T Garvey, Luz M Moyano, Viterbo Ayvar, Silvia Rodriguez, Robert H Gilman, Armando E Gonzalez, Hector H Garcia, Seth E O'Neal, For The Cysticercosis Working Group In Peru
Neurocysticercosis causes substantial neurologic morbidity in endemic regions around the world. In this cross-sectional study, we describe the frequency of neurocysticercosis among a presumed high-risk group of people in an endemic community in northern Peru. Participants who screened positive on a nine-question seizure survey were evaluated clinically to diagnose epilepsy using International League Against Epilepsy criteria. Those with epilepsy were offered a noncontrast computerized tomography (CT) of the head...
December 4, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207846/tiny-creature-in-oral-cavity-a-case-report
#18
Cheena Singh, M Parvathi Devi, Kamal Sagar
Oral cavity is nidus of much pathology. Some may arise due to altered eating habits such as meat, uncooked food etc. The parasitic infections arising from ingesting uncooked pork (larva of pork tapeworm) called as cysticercosis and being undiagnosed lead to "diagnostic dilemma". Herein we report a case of cysticercosis involving the right dorsum of tongue along with review of literature.
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190292/tnf-%C3%AE-blockade-suppresses-pericystic-inflammation-following-anthelmintic-treatment-in-porcine-neurocysticercosis
#19
Siddhartha Mahanty, Miguel A Orrego, Carla Cangalaya, M Paz Adrianzen, Gianfranco Arroyo, Juan Calcina, Armando E Gonzalez, Héctor H García, Cristina Guerra-Giraldez, Theodore E Nash
BACKGROUND: Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is an infection of the brain with the larval cyst of the tapeworm, Taenia solium. Cysticidal treatment induces parasite killing resulting in a post inflammatory response and seizures, which generally requires corticosteroid treatment to control inflammation. The nature of this response and how to best control it is unclear. We investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of pretreatment with etanercept (ETN), an anti-tumor necrosis factor agent, or dexamethasone (DEX), a high potency corticosteroid, on the post treatment inflammatory response in naturally infected pigs with neurocysticercosis after a single dose of the cysticidal drug praziquantel (PZQ)...
November 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167825/an-epidemiological-survey-of-porcine-cysticercosis-in-nyasa-district-ruvuma-region-tanzania
#20
Seria M Shonyela, Ernatus M Mkupasi, Sikasunge C Sikalizyo, Evance M Kabemba, Helena A Ngowi, Isaac Phiri
Porcine cysticercosis (PC) caused by Taenia solium larvae is continuing being important zoonotic disease in many developing countries. It poses a serious public health risk and leads to economic losses to pig production industry. This study was carried out to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with PC transmission in Nyasa District. To establish the prevalence of PC, a cross-sectional survey was conducted involving 698 pigs by tongue examination, 330 pigs by Ag-ELISA test and 22 pigs by meat inspection...
November 2017: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
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