Read by QxMD icon Read


Rumana Ahmad, Tahmeena Khan, Bilal Ahmad, Aparna Misra, Anil K Balapure
Tapeworms (cestodes) are segmented flatworms responsible for causing diseases that may prove fatal and difficult to treat in the absence of proper treatment and efficient drugs. Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is a common parasitic infection of the central nervous system and a major contributor to epilepsy caused by the metacestode (larva) of the human tapeworm Taenia solium, characterized by a range of pathological symptoms including epileptic seizures, headaches, and hydrocephalus. Cysticercosis is considered as a "biological imprint" of the socioeconomic development of a community in general and a country in particular...
October 24, 2016: Parasitology Research
Danilo Solano, Juan Carlos Navarro, Antonio León-Reyes, Washington Benítez-Ortiz, Richar Rodríguez-Hidalgo
Tapeworms Taenia solium and Taenia saginata are the causative agents of taeniasis/cysticercosis. These are diseases with high medical and veterinary importance due to their impact on public health and rural economy in tropical countries. The re-emergence of T. solium as a result of human migration, the economic burden affecting livestock industry, and the large variability of symptoms in several human cysticercosis, encourage studies on genetic diversity, and the identification of these parasites with molecular phylogenetic tools...
October 18, 2016: Experimental Parasitology
Rafaella Paola Meneguete Dos Guimarães-Peixoto, Paulo Sérgio de Arruda Pinto, Marcus Rebouças Santos, Marcelo Depólo Polêto, Letícia Ferreira da Silva, Abelardo Silva Júnior
Bovine cysticercosis is a zoonotic infection widely spread throughout Brazil, creating a burden on hygiene maintenance and the economy. Diagnosis of cysticercosis usually relies on post mortem inspection of carcasses in slaughterhouses. This detection method provides only low sensitivity. Recent advancements have improved the performance of serologic tests, such as ELISA, providing greater sensitivity and specificity. The objective of the current study was to identify and evaluate a synthetic peptide derived from the Taenia saginata 18kDa oncospheric surface protein for the diagnosis of bovine cysticercosis in ELISA...
October 16, 2016: Acta Tropica
Christopher James Whipp, Pierre-Yves Daoust, Gary Conboy, Hans Gelens
A large abdominal mass containing numerous cysticerci identified as those of Taenia crassiceps (=Cysticercus longicollis) was found in the pelvic region of the abdominal cavity of a severely constipated and emaciated red fox ( Vulpes vulpes ) in Prince Edward Island, Canada. Cysticercosis has not previously been reported in a wild canid in North America.
October 17, 2016: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
S Vignesh, Chetan Bhole, Chander Bafna, Neeraj Nirala, Mehul Prajapati, Neera Samar, R L Meena
Cysticercosis, a parasitic disease caused by larval form of Taenia solium, is a major health concern in the developing world. The encysted larval stage can affect any part of the body, but are most frequently detected in brain, eye, skeletal muscle and subcutaneous tissue. Most muscular cysticercosis are almost always associated with central nervous system involvement or with multiple intramuscular cysts or both. Here we report an unusual case of cysticercosis in right rectus muscle which was an isolated muscle involvement without any other systemic manifestation...
March 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Brian Lassen, Marilin Janson, Arvo Viltrop, Kädi Neare, Pirje Hütt, Irina Golovljova, Lea Tummeleht, Pikka Jokelainen
We investigated Estonian population and its selected subgroups for serological evidence of exposure to Ascaris lumbricoides, Echinococcus spp., Taenia solium, Toxocara canis, Toxoplasma gondii, and Trichinella spiralis. Serum samples from 999 adults representing general population, 248 children aged 14-18, 158 veterinarians, 375 animal caretakers, and 144 hunters were tested for specific immunoglobulin G antibodies against the selected parasites using commercial enzyme immunoassays (ELISA). Sera yielding positive or twice grey zone Echinococcus spp, T...
2016: PloS One
Theodore E Nash, Javier A Bustos, Hector H Garcia
Taenia solium (the pork tapeworm) is present in most developing countries, where it is a frequent cause of seizures and other neurological disease. Parasitic larvae invade the human brain, establish, and eventually resolve, leaving a calcified scar. While these lesions are common in endemic regions, and most of these are clinically silent, a proportion of individuals with calcified cysticerci develop seizures from these lesions, and 30-65% of these cases are associated with perilesional edema (PE), likely due to host inflammation...
October 3, 2016: Trends in Parasitology
Hong-Jiang Li, Hong-Xiu Han, Dong-Fu Feng
Reports describing a rapid increase in the cystic volume of anaplastic astrocytoma (AA) in a short time frame are rare. The present study reports the case of a 68-year-old male who was admitted to the No. 9 People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine (Shanghai, China), with a small cystic brain lesion and positive immunological testing for cysticercosis. Head magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a cystic lesion, 6 mm in diameter, in the left frontal lobe. Neurocysticercosis was suspected and the patient was treated with a clinical trial of albendazole and steroids...
October 2016: Oncology Letters
M Vilhena, A G Fonseca, S Dias, J Marques DA Silva, J Torgal
Cysticercosis, a leading cause of acquired epilepsy in developing countries, has been controlled or eradicated in industrialized countries. This paradigm has recently been challenged, with human neurocysticercosis (NCC) being increasingly diagnosed in these countries. In order to assess the NCC burden in Portugal, a retrospective study on NCC hospitalizations (2006-2013) was conducted based on the national database on hospital morbidity: 357 hospitalized cases were detected. NCC was most frequent in the following age groups: 20-64 years (n = 197, 55·2%) >64 years (n = 111, 31·1%), and <20 years (n = 49, 13·7%)...
October 4, 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
Uffe Christian Braae, Pascal Magnussen, Wendy Harrison, Benedict Ndawi, Faustin Lekule, Maria Vang Johansen
Taenia solium is found throughout sub-Saharan Africa and co-endemic with schistosomiasis in many regions. Taenia solium leads to taeniosis and neurocysticercosis - the leading cause of preventable epilepsy globally. This study aimed to assess the effects of the National Schistosomiasis Control Programme on prevalence of taeniosis and porcine cysticercosis over a four year period in Tanzania. School-based mass drug administration (MDA) of praziquantel was carried out based on schistosomiasis endemicity. Four human and five porcine cross-sectional surveys were carried out from 2012 to 2015 in Mbozi and Mbeya district in Tanzania...
September 2016: Parasite Epidemiol Control
Abdul Qavi, Ravindra Kumar Garg, Hardeep Singh Malhotra, Amita Jain, Neeraj Kumar, Kiran Preet Malhotra, Pradeep Kumar Srivastava, Rajesh Verma, Praveen Kumar Sharma
In this study, we describe clinical and imaging spectrum, and the natural course of patients with disseminated cysticercosis. How albendazole affects the course of disease has also been evaluated. We assessed the Toll-like receptor-4 gene polymorphisms, to know the reason for the apparently higher prevalence of disseminated cysticercosis in India.Sixty consecutive patients with disseminated cysticercosis were enrolled. Sixty age-and-sex-matched healthy controls were also enrolled for the purpose of genetic study...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
M-R Lee, J-W Ju, H-W Yang, T-S Kim, M-Y Park, S-H Cho
Sparganosis is one of the top three tissue-dwelling heterologous helminthic diseases, along with cysticercosis and paragonimiasis, in Korea. Due to a lack of effective early diagnosis and treatment methods, this parasitic disease is regarded as a public health threat. This study evaluated reactivity, against sparganum extracts, of sera from inhabitants of Cheorwon-gun, Goseong-gun and Ongjin-gun in Korea. The sera from 836 subjects were subjected to enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and immunoblot analysis...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Helminthology
Ravindra K Garg, Hardeep S Malhotra, Neeraj Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Neurology India
Amar Udare, Shashikant Juvekar, Seema Medhi, Supreeta Arya
UNLABELLED: Cysticercercosis is a parasitic infection that is commonly seen in developing countries. Treatment of cysticercosis can precipitate an intense inflammatory response which may further worsen the symptoms. Whole body MRI is an upcoming tool for screening of diseases. It can be acquired in the same setting as a brain MRI in reasonable time without any additional hardware. We present a case wherein whole body MRI was used to evaluate disseminated cysticercosis. It can prove as useful screening tool to gauge the disease load and modify the treatment plan accordingly, especially in endemic areas...
2016: Annals of Parasitology
Toan Nguyen, Fei Wen Cheong, Jonathan Wee Kent Liew, Yee Ling Lau
BACKGROUND: Despite the global effort against neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), developing countries with middle to low income are still burdened by them. Vietnam has been undergoing substantial economic growth and urbanization, but underprivileged people living in rural and suburban areas are still having little access to public health infrastructure and proper sanitation. Hitherto, limited information is available for seroprevalence and risk factors of several parasitic diseases in Vietnam...
2016: Parasites & Vectors
Anqi Xiao, Hanjiang Zeng, Jiahe Xiao, Xiaoke Zhang, Chao You
AIM: To investigate the imaging features of neurocysticercosis to provide clinicians with valuable information in the diagnosis and treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 71 consecutive cases of neurocysticercosis diagnosed by CT and MRI in the duration from January 2009 to January 2014 in our institute were collected. Of all the cases, 57 patients met the recognized diagnostic criteria of neurocysticercosis. In this series, 55 cases were positive in ELISA examination, 3 cases were positive in cysticercosis IgG, and 11 cases were confirmed by surgery...
December 7, 2015: Turkish Neurosurgery
Anqi Xiao, Jiahe Xiao, Xiaoke Zhang, Chao You
AIM: To investigate the indications and clinical value of the surgical therapy of neurocysticercosis (NCC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all 10 patients with NCC treated surgically from January 2009 to January 2014 in our institute. The NCC types included parenchymal cysticerci in 6 cases, subarachnoid cysticerci in 3 and ventricular cysticerci in 1. RESULTS: All 10 patients underwent resection of cysticerci through craniotomy...
2016: Turkish Neurosurgery
Sudheer Verma, A K Das, Somnath Pan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
Famke Jansen, Pierre Dorny, Dirk Berkvens, Anke Van Hul, Nick Van den Broeck, Caroline Makay, Nicolas Praet, Sarah Gabriël
The monoclonal antibody-based circulating antigen detecting ELISA (B158/B60 Ag-ELISA) has been used elaborately in several studies for the diagnosis of human, bovine and porcine cysticercosis. Interpretation of test results requires a good knowledge of the test characteristics, including the repeatability and the effect of the borders of the ELISA plates. Repeatability was tested for 4 antigen-negative and 5 antigen-positive reference bovine serum samples by calculating the Percentage Coefficient of Variation (%CV) within and between plates, within and between runs, overall, for two batches of monoclonal antibodies and by 2 laboratory technicians...
August 30, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
Man Thi Thuy Nguyen, Sarah Gabriël, Emmanuel Nji Abatih, Pierre Dorny
Taenia hydatigena, a non-zoonotic tapeworm species shares the same intermediate hosts with other Taenia zoonotic species, such as Taenia solium in pigs and Taenia saginata in cattle. The occurrence of T. hydatigena in pigs and cattle may cause cross-reactions in immunodiagnostic tests and therefore, complicate the diagnosis of the zoonotic species. This study was conducted to systematically review the data on the prevalence of T. hydatigena in pigs and cattle, with the aim to assess the potential interference in serological diagnosis of zoonotic Taenia spp...
August 15, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"