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Cysticercosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230579/prevalence-of-cysticercosis-in-estonian-pigs-and-cattle
#1
Elisabeth Dorbek-Kolin, Tuuli Åhlberg, Lea Tummeleht, Dennis Tappe, Maria Vang Johansen, Brian Lassen
Taenia solium has been ranked as the most important foodborne parasite and Taenia saginata as the most commonly found human Taenia tapeworm worldwide. The last official reports of taeniosis from Estonia were in 2003 for T. solium and 2012 for T. saginata. By law, all animal cases of cysticercosis must be registered and reported when found. Our aim was to estimate the prevalence of cysticercosis in Estonia caused by T. solium in pigs and T. saginata in cattle. The four slaughterhouses participating in the study slaughter between them approximately 80% of pigs and cattle in Estonia annually...
December 11, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229654/protocol-for-developing-a-database-of-zoonotic-disease-research-in-india-dozoori
#2
Pranab Chatterjee, Soumyadeep Bhaumik, Abhimanyu Singh Chauhan, Manish Kakkar
INTRODUCTION: Zoonotic and emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) represent a public health threat that has been acknowledged only recently although they have been on the rise for the past several decades. On an average, every year since the Second World War, one pathogen has emerged or re-emerged on a global scale. Low/middle-income countries such as India bear a significant burden of zoonotic and EIDs. We propose that the creation of a database of published, peer-reviewed research will open up avenues for evidence-based policymaking for targeted prevention and control of zoonoses...
December 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210354/neurocysticercosis-among-people-living-nearby-pigs-heavily-infected-with-cysticercosis-in-rural-endemic-peru
#3
Brian T Garvey, Luz M Moyano, Viterbo Ayvar, Silvia Rodriguez, Robert H Gilman, Armando E Gonzalez, Hector H Garcia, Seth E O'Neal, For The Cysticercosis Working Group In Peru
Neurocysticercosis causes substantial neurologic morbidity in endemic regions around the world. In this cross-sectional study, we describe the frequency of neurocysticercosis among a presumed high-risk group of people in an endemic community in northern Peru. Participants who screened positive on a nine-question seizure survey were evaluated clinically to diagnose epilepsy using International League Against Epilepsy criteria. Those with epilepsy were offered a noncontrast computerized tomography (CT) of the head...
December 4, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207846/tiny-creature-in-oral-cavity-a-case-report
#4
Cheena Singh, M Parvathi Devi, Kamal Sagar
Oral cavity is nidus of much pathology. Some may arise due to altered eating habits such as meat, uncooked food etc. The parasitic infections arising from ingesting uncooked pork (larva of pork tapeworm) called as cysticercosis and being undiagnosed lead to "diagnostic dilemma". Herein we report a case of cysticercosis involving the right dorsum of tongue along with review of literature.
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190292/tnf-%C3%AE-blockade-suppresses-pericystic-inflammation-following-anthelmintic-treatment-in-porcine-neurocysticercosis
#5
Siddhartha Mahanty, Miguel A Orrego, Carla Cangalaya, M Paz Adrianzen, Gianfranco Arroyo, Juan Calcina, Armando E Gonzalez, Héctor H García, Cristina Guerra-Giraldez, Theodore E Nash
BACKGROUND: Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is an infection of the brain with the larval cyst of the tapeworm, Taenia solium. Cysticidal treatment induces parasite killing resulting in a post inflammatory response and seizures, which generally requires corticosteroid treatment to control inflammation. The nature of this response and how to best control it is unclear. We investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of pretreatment with etanercept (ETN), an anti-tumor necrosis factor agent, or dexamethasone (DEX), a high potency corticosteroid, on the post treatment inflammatory response in naturally infected pigs with neurocysticercosis after a single dose of the cysticidal drug praziquantel (PZQ)...
November 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167825/an-epidemiological-survey-of-porcine-cysticercosis-in-nyasa-district-ruvuma-region-tanzania
#6
Seria M Shonyela, Ernatus M Mkupasi, Sikasunge C Sikalizyo, Evance M Kabemba, Helena A Ngowi, Isaac Phiri
Porcine cysticercosis (PC) caused by Taenia solium larvae is continuing being important zoonotic disease in many developing countries. It poses a serious public health risk and leads to economic losses to pig production industry. This study was carried out to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with PC transmission in Nyasa District. To establish the prevalence of PC, a cross-sectional survey was conducted involving 698 pigs by tongue examination, 330 pigs by Ag-ELISA test and 22 pigs by meat inspection...
November 2017: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160912/low-sensitivity-and-frequent-cross-reactions-in-commercially-available-antibody-detection-elisa-assays-for-taenia-solium-cysticercosis
#7
Hector H Garcia, Yesenia Castillo, Isidro Gonzales, Javier A Bustos, Herbert Saavedra, Louis Jacob, Oscar H Del Brutto, Patricia P Wilkins, Armando E Gonzalez, Robert H Gilman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of two commercially available ELISA kits, Novalisa(®) and Ridascreen(®) , for the detection of antibodies to Taenia solium, compared to serological diagnosis of neurocysticercosis (NCC) by LLGP-EITB (electro immunotransfer blot assay using lentil-lectin purified glycoprotein antigens). METHODS: Archive serum samples from patients with viable NCC (n=45) or resolved, calcified NCC (n=45), as well as sera from patients with other cestode parasites (hymenolepiasis, n=45, and cystic hydatid disease, n=45), were evaluated for cysticercosis antibody detection using two ELISA kits, Novalisa(®) and Ridascreen(®) ...
November 21, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160386/liquid-silicone-injection-in-the-chest-wall-simulating-cysticercosis
#8
Luiz Felipe Nobre, Gláucia Zanetti, Edson Marchiori
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157929/cardiac-cysticercosis-a-rare-cause-of-myocardial-infarction
#9
Tiago Bernardo Nery, Cláudio Leo Gelape, Luiz Guilherme Passaglia, Gabriel Assis Lopes do Carmo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145875/re-visiting-the-detection-of-porcine-cysticercosis-based-on-full-carcass-dissections-of-naturally-taenia-solium-infected-pigs
#10
Mwelwa Chembensofu, K E Mwape, I Van Damme, E Hobbs, I K Phiri, M Masuku, G Zulu, A Colston, A L Willingham, B Devleesschauwer, A Van Hul, A Chota, N Speybroeck, D Berkvens, P Dorny, S Gabriël
BACKGROUND: Taenia solium is a neglected zoonotic parasite. The performances of existing tools for the diagnosis of porcine cysticercosis need further assessment, and their shortcomings call for alternatives. The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of tongue palpation and circulating antigen detection for the detection of porcine cysticercosis in naturally infected pigs of slaughter age compared to full carcass dissections (considered the gold standard). Additionally, alternative postmortem dissection procedures were investigated...
November 16, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143908/the-hp10-taenia-monoclonal-antibody-based-elisa-detects-a-similar-protein-in-the-vesicular-fluid-of-taenia-hydatigena
#11
Maria M Cortez, Glenda C Rojas, R Michael E Parkhouse
Diagnosis of Taenia solium cysticercosis in endemic rural communities depends on serological tests, as typically there is no access to imaging facilities. The HP10 antigen ELISA (HP10 Ag ELISA), which detects a high molecular weight secreted protein of viable metacestodes, has been employed for the diagnosis of both human and porcine cysticercosis in such communities. In this communication, we formally demonstrate that the HP10 Ag ELISA, already known to function for the detection of T. saginata and T. solium cysticercosis, also detects a similar high molecular weight antigen of T...
November 16, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143062/-intracranial-cystic-lesions
#12
REVIEW
F Ahlhelm, K Shariat, S Götschi, S Ulmer
CLINICAL PROBLEM: Intracerebral cysts are common findings in imaging of the neurocranium and are not always clinically significant. The pathological spectrum of intracerebral cysts is, however, very broad and in addition to incidental findings includes developmental disorders, malformation tumors, primary and secondary neoplasms and infectious etiologies, such as cerebral abscess formation, cysticercosis or residuals after congenital cytomegalovirus infections. Intracerebral cystic defects may be caused by inflammatory central nervous system (CNS) diseases, such as multiple sclerosis as well as by mitochondriopathies, leukodystrophy, electrolyte disturbances or osmotic demyelination syndrome or brain infarctions, e...
November 15, 2017: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139069/piloting-the-effectiveness-of-pig-health-education-in-combination-with-oxfendazole-treatment-on-prevention-and-or-control-of-porcine-cysticercosis-gastrointestinal-parasites-african-swine-fever-and-ectoparasites-in-ang%C3%A3-nia-district-mozambique
#13
A G Chilundo, M V Johansen, A Pondja, R Miambo, S Afonso, S Mukaratirwa
A community-based intervention combining health education (HE) and treatment of pigs for control of porcine cysticercosis (PC), gastrointestinal (GI) helminths, African swine fever (ASF) and external parasites was tested involving six villages of resource-poor smallholder pig farmers. Farmers and pigs of six rural villages were randomly allocated into group 1 (HE), which served as controls, and group 2 (HE + OFZ) pigs received a single oral dose of 30 mg/kg OFZ. Farmers were trained in pig health, housing and feeding...
November 14, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122002/a-european-network-for-food-borne-parasites-euro-fbp-meeting-report-on-analytical-methods-for-food-borne-parasites-in-human-and-veterinary-diagnostics-and-in-food-matrices
#14
Christian Klotz, Barbara Šoba, Miha Skvarč, Sarah Gabriël, Lucy J Robertson
Food-borne parasites (FBPs) are a neglected topic in food safety, partly due to a lack of awareness of their importance for public health, especially as symptoms tend not to develop immediately after exposure. In addition, methodological difficulties with both diagnosis in infected patients and detection in food matrices result in under-detection and therefore the potential for underestimation of their burden on our societies. This, in consequence, leads to lower prioritization for basic research, e.g. for development new and more advanced detection methods for different food matrices and diagnostic samples, and thus a vicious circle of neglect and lack of progress is propagated...
November 9, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042922/endoscopy-in-the-treatment-of-slit-ventricle-syndrome
#15
Jiaping Zheng, Guoqiang Chen, Qing Xiao, Yiyang Huang, Yupeng Guo
The present study aimed to investigate the efficacy of endoscopy in the treatment of post-shunt placement for slit ventricle syndrome (SVS). Endoscopic surgery was performed on 18 patients with SVS between October 2004 and December 2012. Sex, age, causes of the hydrocephalus, ventricular size and imaging data were collected and analyzed. All patients were divided into two groups according to ventricular size and underwent endoscopic surgeries, including endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV), endoscopic aqueductoplasty and cystocisternostomy...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026624/first-case-of-human-peritoneal-cysticercosis-mimicking-peritoneal-carcinosis-necessity-of-laparoscopy-and-histologic-assessment-for-the-correct-diagnosis
#16
Martina Rudelius, Klaus Brehm, Martin Poelcher, Christoph Spinner, Andreas Rosenwald, Clarissa Prazeres da Costa
Introduction. Correct diagnosis of peritoneal infectious disease can be extremely difficult due to non-specific clinical features. Thus, careful assessment with thorough histopathological work-up is essential. Here, we report the first case of human peritoneal cysticercosis mimicking peritoneal carcinosis. Case presentation. The patient presented with recurring ascites and a tumour in the Douglas cavity accompanied by elevated tumour markers. There were no signs of systemic infection. On laparoscopy, the tumour was resected completely...
June 2017: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020381/antibody-banding-patterns-of-the-enzyme-linked-immunoelectrotransfer-blot-eitb-and-brain-imaging-findings-in-patients-with-neurocysticercosis
#17
Gianfranco Arroyo, Silvia Rodriguez, Andres G Lescano, Karen Alroy, Javier A Bustos, Saul Santivañez, Isidro Gonzales, Herbert Saavedra, E Javier Pretell, Armando E Gonzalez, Robert H Gilman, Victor C W Tsang, Hector H Garcia
Background: The enzyme-linked immunoelectrotransfer blot (EITB) assay is the reference serological test for neurocysticercosis (NCC). A positive result on EITB does not always correlate with the presence of active infections in the central nervous system (CNS), and patients with a single viable brain cyst may be EITB negative. Nonetheless, EITB antibody banding patterns appears to be related with the expression of three protein families of Taenia solium, and in turn with the characteristics of NCC in the CNS (type, stage and burden of viable cysts)...
September 4, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016332/porcine-cysticercosis-possible-cross-reactivity-of-taenia-hydatigena-to-gp50-antigen-in-the-enzyme-linked-immunoelectrotransfer-blot-assay
#18
Claudio Muro, Luis A Gomez-Puerta, Robert H Flecker, Ricardo Gamboa, Percy Vilchez Barreto, Pierre Dorny, Victor C W Tsang, Robert H Gilman, Armando E Gonzalez, Hector H Garcia Lescano, Seth E O'Neal, For The Cysticercosis Working Group In Peru
The lentil lectin glycoprotein enzyme-linked immunoelectrotransfer blot (LLGP EITB, reported sensitivity 99% and specificity 100%) is used as a serologic marker of exposure to Taenia solium in pigs. However, only a limited number of parasites have been evaluated for cross reactivity. Pigs may host other related cestode infections, including Taenia hydatigena, which have not been formally evaluated for cross-reactions. We investigated a corral in Tumbes, Peru, a region where a cysticercosis elimination demonstration project was completed in 2012...
October 2, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016298/case-report-cysticercosis-sonographic-diagnosis-of-a-treatable-cause-of-epilepsy-and-skin-nodules
#19
Tom Heller, Claudia Wallrauch, Daniel Kaminstein, Sam Phiri
A case of disseminated cysticercosis of brain, muscle subcutaneous tissue is reported and the use of musculoskeletal ultrasound in the diagnosis of the condition emphasized.
October 2, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994510/isolated-lingual-cysticercosis-a-rare-case-diagnosed-on-cytology
#20
Mukta Pujani, Mohd Jaseem Hassan, Sabina Khan, Sujata Jetley
Cysticercosis is caused by larval stage of Taenia solium called cysticercus cellulosae. Cysticercosis most commonly infects skeletal muscles, subcutaneous tissues, brain and ocular tissue. On extensive search of literature, only around 64 cases of lingual cysticercosis have been reported till date. We report a case of cysticercosis of tongue in a 35-year-old male who presented with a painless, slowly growing swelling over the lateral border of tongue. Fine needle aspiration cytology revealed wavy integument of cysticercus cellulosae alongwith inflammatory cells...
October 10, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
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