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Cysticercosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631659/subcutaneous-cysticercosis-presenting-as-cervical-swelling-amazing-and-unexpected-cytological-findings
#1
Punam Prasad Bhadani, Iffat Jamal, Shashikant Kumar, Shuchi Smita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615882/isolated-cysticercosis-involving-the-anterior-abdominal-wall-a-rare-case-report
#2
Pooja Jaiswal, Yogesh Kumar Yadav, Somil Jaiswal, Nilam Bhasker
Isolated cysticercosis of anterior abdominal wall without parasitosis of central nervous system is very rare and may mimic a tumor leading to diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma. Histopathological examination plays an important role in making a definitive diagnosis. Here we report a case of a 13-year old Muslim girl presenting with swelling and pain in left lower abdomen which was clinically diagnosed as lipoma. On histopathological examination cysticercus with surrounding inflammation was seen. Since cysticercosis is a preventable disease, early and accurate diagnosis is necessary for the reduction of disease burden in the endemic areas...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607832/headaches-more-common-among-epilepsy-sufferers-with-neurocysticercosis-than-other-structural-brain-lesions
#3
Erin K Saito, Bijal Mehta, Frances Wang, Beau Nakamoto, Aaron M McMurtray
Neurocysticercosis is a leading cause of seizures and epilepsy in the developing world. Cysticercosis is endemic in many regions of Central and South America, sub-Saharan Africa, India, and Asia. Neurocysticercosis is of emerging importance because globalization has increased travel between Hawai'i and disease-endemic areas. Headache and epilepsy are two of the most common complications of neurocysticercosis infection. Currently, it is not known if epilepsy patients with neurocysticercosis are more likely to have headaches than those with other structural brain lesions or those with no structural brain abnormalities...
June 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606690/antiparasitic-treatment-of-neurocysticercosis-the-effect-of-cyst-destruction-in-seizure-evolution
#4
REVIEW
Hector H Garcia, Oscar H Del Brutto
Antiparasitic agents against Taenia solium cysticercosis have been in use since 1979, although its use has been questioned on the basis that cysts would die naturally and thus treatment-induced inflammation is unnecessary. In addition, isolated reports have also questioned whether neurocysticercosis (NCC) is a cause of epilepsy. After more than three and a half decades, a large body of evidence is available. Little if any doubt exists about NCC as a cause of seizures - NCC is consistently associated with seizures when appropriate groups are compared, and in a large subset of cases, seizure semiology correlates with the anatomical location of lesions...
June 9, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606366/herd-level-seroprevalence-and-associated-risk-factors-for-bovine-cysticercosis-in-the-state-of-para%C3%A3-ba-northeastern-brazil
#5
Amanda R A Maia, Leise G Fernandes, Paulo S A Pinto, Rafaella P M Guimarães-Peixoto, Letícia F Silva, Carolina S A B Santos, Clebert J Alves, Inácio J Clementino, Sérgio S Azevedo
This study focused on estimating the herd-level and animal-level prevalences, and identifying risk factors associated with bovine cysticercosis in the State of Paraíba, Northeastern Brazil. The state was divided into three sampling strata: Sertao, Borborema and Zona da Mata/Agreste. For each sampling stratum, herd-level and animal-level prevalences were estimated by a two-stage sampling survey. First, a pre-established number of herds (primary sampling units) were randomly selected; second, within each herd a pre-established number of cows aged ≥24months were systematically selected (secondary sampling units)...
July 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588685/lumbar-spinal-intradural-neurocysticercosis-a-case-report
#6
Shizhong Zhang, Yanyan Hu, Zhen Li, Li Zhao, Zhigang Wang
Neurocysticercosis is a parasitic disease that results from the larvae of Taenia solium. While neurocysticercosis is considered as the most common parasitic infection of the nervous system, spinal neurocysticercosis is rare. The present case study investigated a 59-year-old woman, who was admitted to our hospital with pain in the bilateral lower limbs and urinary complaints in the form of straining of micturition with increasing frequency. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed an intradural extramedullary lesion extending from L1/2 to S1 of the spine...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581268/significance-of-serology-by-multi-antigen-elisa-for-tissue-helminthiases-in-korea
#7
Yan Jin, Eun Min Kim, Min Ho Choi, Myoung Don Oh, Sung Tae Hong
It is clinically important to differentiate tissue-invading helminthiasis. The purpose of this study was to assess the specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody positive rates for clonorchiasis, paragonimiasis, cysticercosis, and sparganosis 4 helminthiases from 1996 to 2006 using multi-antigen enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in Korea. Results of 6,017 samples, which were referred to our institute for serodiagnosis, were analyzed. The subjects with positive serum IgG antibodies were 1,502 (25.0%) for any of the 4 helminthiases...
July 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579023/fatal-pulmonary-cysticercosis-caused-by-cysticercus-longicollis-in-a-captive-ring-tailed-lemur-lemur-catta
#8
Amer Alić, Adnan Hodžić, Vedad Škapur, Alma Šeho Alić, Senad Prašović, Georg G Duscher
Here we describe fatal pulmonary cysticercosis caused by Cysticercus longicollis, the larval stage of Taenia crassiceps in a 15-year-old female ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta) from Sarajevo Zoo. After sudden death, the lemur was subjected to necropsy and large multicystic structure, subdivided with fibrous septa and filled with numerous translucent, oval to ellipsoid bladder-like cysts (cysticerci), almost completely replacing right lung lobe was observed. In addition, numerous free and encysted cysticerci were found in the thoracic cavity...
July 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575043/radiological-evolution-of-porcine-neurocysticercosis-after-combined-antiparasitic-treatment-with-praziquantel-and-albendazole
#9
Carla Cangalaya, Javier A Bustos, Juan Calcina, Ana Vargas-Calla, Javier Mamani, Diego Suarez, Gianfranco Arroyo, Armando E Gonzalez, Juan Chacaltana, Cristina Guerra-Giraldez, Siddhartha Mahanty, Theodore E Nash, Héctor H García
BACKGROUND: The onset of anthelmintic treatment of neurocysticercosis (NCC) provokes an acute immune response of the host, which in human cases is associated with exacerbation of neurological symptoms. This inflammation can occur at the first days of therapy. So, changes in the brain cysts appearance may be detected by medical imaging. We evaluated radiological changes in the appearance of brain cysts (enhancement and size) on days two and five after the onset of antiparasitic treatment using naturally infected pigs as a model for human NCC...
June 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569208/development-of-a-health-education-intervention-strategy-using-an-implementation-research-method-to-control-taeniasis-and-cysticercosis-in-burkina-faso
#10
Helena Ngowi, Ivan Ozbolt, Athanase Millogo, Veronique Dermauw, Télesphore Somé, Paul Spicer, Lori L Jervis, Rasmané Ganaba, Sarah Gabriel, Pierre Dorny, Hélène Carabin
BACKGROUND: Taeniasis and cysticercosis are two diseases caused by Taenia solium, a parasite transmitted between humans and pigs, leading to considerable economic loss and disabilities. Transmission of the parasite is linked to environmental and behavioural factors such as inadequate sanitation and hygiene, poor pig management, and consumption of infected pork. This study used implementation research method to design a health education intervention strategy for reducing T. solium infections in Burkina Faso, a country endemic for the parasite...
June 1, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553397/solitary-intramedullary-cervical-cysticercosis-without-neurological-deficit-a-rare-case-report
#11
Rahul Ranjan, Tulika, Suresh Chand, Akhil Agnihotri
Neurocysticercosis is commonly seen intracranially and its incidence in the spinal cord is very low. Among spine dorsal region is more common due to more blood flow in this region and it is usually associated with lesion at other sites. The intramedullary location is rarer than extramedullary. Hence, solitary intramedullary cervical spine cysticercosis (ICC) is extremely rare entity. Only a handful numbers of cases are reported in the literature. All reported cases are presented with the neurological deficit as spinal canal diameter is very low and any space occupying lesion is not tolerated...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552103/needs-of-exploring-the-burden-of-recent-onset-seizures-due-to-neurocysticercosis-and-challenges-in-southeast-asia-focusing-on-scenario-in-malaysia
#12
REVIEW
Priyadarshi S Sahu, Yvonne A L Lim, Rohela Mahmud, Sushela D Somanath, Chong T Tan, C P Ramachandran
Seizures due to neurocysticercosis (NCC) is a neglected human-to-human transmitted disorder and an emerging problem worldwide. A substantial portion of recent onset seizures is known to be attributed to NCC in Taenia solium (T. solium) endemic areas where populations which neither raise pigs nor eat pig meat are also at risk. High prevalence of NCC causing epilepsy has been reported in the underdeveloped areas of Southeast Asia (SEA) however, only fragmentary information on its incidence is available in countries like Malaysia...
April 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527268/-seroprevalence-and-risk-factors-of-cysticercosis-in-two-rural-communities-in-anzo%C3%A3-tegui-state-venezuela
#13
Manuel Toquero, Antonio Morocoima, Elizabeth Ferrer
INTRODUCTION: Cysticercosis is caused by Taenia solium cysticerci, which are located mainly in the central nervous system causing neurocysticercosis. In Venezuela, few epidemiological studies on this disease have been conducted. OBJECTIVE: To determine the seroprevalence and risk factors for cysticercosis in two rural communities in Anzoátegui state. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a survey to collect data on possible risk factors and signs and symptoms of the disease, and we took 182 samples in two communities, Boquerón and Punto Lindo...
April 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526608/microrna-analysis-of-taenia-crassiceps-cysticerci-under-praziquantel-treatment-and-genome-wide-identification-of-taenia-solium-mirnas
#14
Matías Gastón Pérez, Natalia Macchiaroli, Gabriel Lichtenstein, Gabriela Conti, Sebastián Asurmendi, Diego Humberto Milone, Georgina Stegmayer, Laura Kamenetzky, Marcela Cucher, Mara Cecilia Rosenzvit
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that have emerged as important regulators of gene expression and perform critical functions in development and disease. In spite of the increased interest in miRNAs from helminth parasites, no information is available on miRNAs from Taenia solium, the causative agent of cysticercosis, a neglected disease affecting millions of people worldwide. Here we performed a comprehensive analysis of miRNAs from Taenia crassiceps, a laboratory model for T. solium studies, and identified miRNAs in the T...
May 17, 2017: International Journal for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526213/epidemiology-of-neurocysticercosis-and-epilepsy-is-everything-described
#15
REVIEW
Jose F Tellez-Zenteno, Lizbeth Hernandez-Ronquillo
In recent years clinical and epidemiological research on cysticercosis has gained significant interest in some countries, especially in Latin American countries and some countries in Asia and Africa. For many years it has been proposed that the higher prevalence of epilepsy seen in some regions such as Latin-America could be explained by parasitic infections, particularly neurocysticercosis (NCC). In this review we discussed selected epidemiological topics of the association of NCC and epilepsy, such as global distribution around the world, identification of NCC in developed countries, drug resistant epilepsy and NCC...
May 16, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507413/prevalence-of-echinococcosis-and-taenia-hydatigena-cysticercosis-in-slaughtered-small-ruminants-at-the-livestock-wildlife-interface-areas-of-ngorongoro-tanzania
#16
M B Miran, A A Kasuku, E S Swai
AIM: Echinococcosis or hydatidosis (due to the larval stage of Echinococcus spp.) and cysticercosis (due to the larval stage of Taenia hydatigena) pose a significant economic losses due to slaughter condemnation and risk to public health in developing countries such as Tanzania where sanitation is poor and people live in close proximity with each other and with animals. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of and to identify the predisposing factors for echinococcosis and cysticercosis in sheep and goats at three slaughter slabs located in the livestock-wildlife interface areas of Ngorongoro, Tanzania...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490160/transcortical-endoscopic-surgery-for-intraventricular-lesions
#17
REVIEW
Myung-Hyun Kim
To review recent advances in endoscopic techniques for treating intraventricular lesions via transcortical passage. Articles in PubMed published since 2000 were searched using the keywords 'endoscopy,' 'endoscopic,' and 'neuroendoscopic.' Of these articles, those describing intraventricular lesions were reviewed. Suprasellar arachnoid cysts (SACs) can be treated with ventriculo-cystostomy (VC) or ventriculo-cysto-cisternostomy (VCC). VCC showed better results compared to VC. Procedure type, fenestration size, stent placement, and aqueductal patency may affect SAC prognosis...
May 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487797/echographic-evaluation-of-a-subconjunctival-cystic-lesion
#18
Maddalena De Bernardo, Gennarfrancesco Iaccarino, Valeria Russo, Nicola Rosa
Migration of intraocular silicone oil, used in the treatment of complicated retinal detachment, has been rarely described, but when it happens it can arise with a differential diagnosis with scleral buckling extrusion, tumor, dermoid, ocular cysticercosis, and abscess. The presence of silicone oil in the eye gives very ugly echographic pictures, but these kinds of pictures can be very useful in making a differential diagnosis in the above-mentioned cases. A 39-year-old white female complained of the presence of conjunctival hyperemia and tearing in the right eye (RE); her visual acuity was hand motion, and the intraocular pressure was 14 mmHg...
2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484552/isolated-lumbar-intradural-extra-medullary-spinal-cysticercosis-simulating-tarlov-cyst
#19
Sumit Bansal, Ashish Suri, Mehar Chand Sharma, Aanchal Kakkar
Spinal cysticercosis is a very uncommon manifestation of neurocysticercosis, which is caused by the larvae of Taenia solium. Here, we present a rare case of isolated lumbar intradural extramedullary neurocysticercosis, initially thought to be Tarlov cyst. A 40-year-old man, presented with low backache for 1-year with radiation of pain to right leg for 3 months. The patient was treated successfully with the surgical removal of the cyst, followed by medical treatment. Spinal neurocysticercosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis in high-risk populations, with new symptoms suggestive of a spinal mass lesion...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468527/spinal-racemose-cysticercosis-case-report-and-review
#20
Hussam A Yacoub, Ira Goldstein, Mohammad El-Ghanem, Leroy Sharer, Nizar Souayah
Cysticercosis is a common helminthic infection worldwide, endemic in Central and South America, sub-Saharan Africa, and Southeast Asia. Neurocysticercosis typically involves brain parenchyma, subarachnoid space, and the ventricular system. Although the spinal cord is frequently involved in patients with parenchymal neurocysticercosis, isolated spinal involvement is rare, occurring in only 1-3% of patients. We report a case of racemose spinal neurocysticercosis with brain parenchyma involvement in a 49-year-old Mexican man, who presented with unsteady gait and bilateral arm numbness and weakness...
May 4, 2017: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
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