keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Calcification AND Blood pressure

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523594/the-relationship-between-coronary-artery-calcium-scores-and-left-atrium-size-in-hemodialysis-patients
#1
Ismail Baloglu, Kultigin Turkmen, H Zeki Tonbul, N Yılmaz Selcuk
PURPOSE: Hemodialysis patients have extremely increased cardiovascular mortality. The coronary artery calcification score (CACS) in uremic patients receiving hemodialysis reflects the severity of atherosclerotic vascular disease and predicts the cardiovascular events. In cardiac conditions, left atrial (LA) size has a prognostic importance. In this study, relationship between coronary artery calcification and left atrial size was investigated. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving 32 hemodialysis patients (16 females, 16 males; mean age, 52...
May 18, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497191/evaluation-of-the-coronary-circulation-and-calcification-in-children-on-regular-hemodialysis
#2
Mohammed Al-Biltagi, Maher Ahmed Abd ElHafez, Doaa Mohamed El Amrousy, Mohamed El-Gamasy, Hesham El-Serogy
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the coronary circulation and calcification in children with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on hemodialysis. METHODS: A total of 50 children with ESRD and 50 healthy controls were enrolled in the study. Cardiac functions and coronary blood flow were evaluated with conventional and tissue Doppler echocardiography. Coronary artery calcification (CAC) was evaluated using high-resolution multidetector computed tomography (CT)...
May 11, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475443/evaluation-of-skin-perfusion-pressure-to-assess-refractory-foot-ulcers
#3
M Kawai, S Mihara, S Takahagi, K Iwamoto, T Hiragun, M Hide
OBJECTIVE: The number of patients with foot gangrene caused by critical ischaemia and severe infection is increasing significantly in developed countries. The measurement of perilesional skin blood flow by skin perfusion pressure (SPP) is useful to select the appropriate treatment of gangrenous lesions, in that it is not affected by calcifications of blood vessels. However, the prognosis of a foot ulcer may also be affected by the level of blood sugar and infections. This study aimed to validate the use of SPP in cases of foot gangrene and ulcers in patients with and without diabetes mellitus (DM) and infection...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468005/noninvasive-blood-pressure-measurement-in-maintenance-hemodialysis-patients-comparison-of-agreement-between-oscillometric-and-finger-cuff-methods
#4
Gaetano Alfano, Francesco Fontana, Gianni Cappelli
BACKGROUND: The Nexfin monitor is a device used for measuring arterial blood pressure (BP) continuously and noninvasively through finger-cuff technology. Since it was validated against the auscultatory method using a sphygmomanometer, the aim of this study was to test the ability of the Nexfin to evaluate brachial arterial pressure (BAP) in maintenance hemodialysis patients, quantifying accuracy and precision. METHODS: Forty hemodynamically stable hemodialysis patients underwent serial measurements of Nexfix arterial pressure (NAP) and BAP, respectively, through Nexfin and oscillometric devices...
May 4, 2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460029/mitral-annular-calcification-progression-and-the-risk-of-atrial-fibrillation-results-from-mesa
#5
Wesley T O'Neal, Jimmy T Efird, Saman Nazarian, Alvaro Alonso, Erin D Michos, Moses Szklo, Susan R Heckbert, Elsayed Z Soliman
Aims: To determine if progression of mitral annular calcium (MAC) detected by cardiac computed tomography (CT) predicts incident atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods and results: This analysis included 5683 participants (mean age 64 ± 10 years; 52% women; 40% whites; 27% blacks; 21% Hispanics; 12% Chinese-Americans) from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. MAC was measured by cardiac CT at baseline and at a follow-up CT scan over a mean time of 2.4 ± 0...
April 27, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458703/the-association-between-gallstone-disease-and-plaque-in-the-abdominopelvic-arteries
#6
Halil İbrahim Serin, Yunus Keser Yilmaz, Yaşar Turan, Ergin Arslan, Mustafa Fatih Erkoç, Aytaç Doğan, Mehmet Celikbilek
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the atheromatous plaque, in the abdominopelvic arteries as a marker of cardiac risk in patients with or without gallstone disease (GD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 136 patients were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Forty-eight patients had GD and the remaining 88 patients did not. The presence or absence of gallstones was noted during abdominal ultrasonography while vascular risk factors such as plaque formation, intima-media thickness, plaque calcification, mural thrombus, stenosis, aneurysm, and inflammation were recorded during an abdominopelvic computed tomography scan...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455660/radial-artery-sclerostin-expression-in-chronic-kidney-disease-stage-5-predialysis-patients-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#7
Hua Zhou, Min Yang, Min Li, Li Cui
PURPOSE: Bone metabolism disorder is often associated with cardiovascular calcification in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Sclerostin, a novel candidate protein, has been identified to be involved in the bone-vascular axis. The aims of the current investigation were to assess vessel sclerostin expression and its relationship with circulating sclerostin levels. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted from January 2012 to December 2014...
April 28, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445258/renal-vascular-calcification-and-response-to-renal-nerve-denervation-in-resistant-hypertension
#8
Annemiek F Hoogerwaard, Mark R de Jong, Ahmet Adiyaman, Jaap Jan J Smit, Peter P H M Delnoy, Jan-Evert Heeg, Boudewijn A A M van Hasselt, Anand R Ramdat Misier, Arif Elvan
Renal sympathetic nerve denervation (RDN) is accepted as a treatment option for patients with resistant hypertension. However, results on decline in ambulatory blood pressure (BP) measurement (ABPM) are conflicting. The high rate of nonresponders may be related to increased systemic vascular stiffness rather than sympathetic overdrive. A single center, prospective registry including 26 patients with treatment resistant hypertension who underwent RDN at the Isala Hospital in the Netherlands. Renal perivascular calcium scores were obtained from noncontrast computed tomography scans...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441695/increased-high-risk-coronary-plaque-burden-is-associated-with-arterial-stiffness-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-without-clinical-signs-of-coronary-artery-disease-a-computed-tomography-angiography-study
#9
Kristian L Funck, Esben Laugesen, Kristian Øvrehus, Jesper M Jensen, Bjarne L Nørgaard, Damini Dey, Troels K Hansen, Per L Poulsen
OBJECTIVES: Arterial stiffness and subclinical coronary atherosclerosis may yield valuable information on cardiovascular risk. We aimed to characterize coronary atherosclerosis in asymptomatic patients with type 2 diabetes and healthy controls and to investigate the association between baseline arterial stiffness and coronary plaque volumes after 5-year follow-up. METHODS: Data from 45 patients and 61 matched controls were available for coronary plaque assessment...
June 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378290/associations-between-hip-bone-mineral-density-aortic-calcification-and-cardiac-workload-in-community-dwelling-older-australians
#10
A J Rodríguez, D Scott, A Hodge, D R English, G G Giles, P R Ebeling
In older adults, lower bone density in the proximal femur was associated with increased heart burden, and this association was linked to calcification in the aorta. These results were seen in women but not in men. PURPOSE: To determine whether there is an association between lower bone mineral density (BMD) and increased cardiac workload in older adults, and if this association was independent of abdominal aortic calcification (AAC). METHODS: Three hundred thirty-seven participants [mean ± SD age = 70 ± 5 years and BMI = 28 ± 5 kg/m(2), 61% females] had BMD determined by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and AAC determined by radiography...
April 4, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360229/aortic-calcification-onset-and-progression-association-with-the-development-of-coronary-atherosclerosis
#11
Hagen Kälsch, Nils Lehmann, Susanne Moebus, Barbara Hoffmann, Andreas Stang, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Raimund Erbel, Amir A Mahabadi
BACKGROUND: Thoracic aortic calcification (TAC) and coronary artery calcification (CAC) are markers of subclinical atherosclerosis and are associated with incident major cardiovascular events. We investigated major determinants for incidence and progression of TAC and the association between TAC and CAC incidence and progression. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a population-based cohort study, 3270 participants (aged 45-74 years, 53.1% women) received cardiac computed tomography at baseline and after a mean follow-up of 5...
March 30, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349710/endovascular-devices-and-revascularization-techniques-for-limb-threatening-ischemia-in-individuals-with-diabetes
#12
Jayer Chung
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a rapidly worsening global epidemic over the last thirty-five years. The increased prevalence of DM has changed the phenotypic expression of atherosclerotic limb threatening ischemia (LTI), resulting in an increase in lesions in the tibial vessels. These patients are also afflicted with peripheral neuropathy, foot deformities, and medial calcification of the vasculature. In response to the evolving phenotype of atherosclerosis, newer minimally invasive tools and techniques have been developed to improve the blood supply in LTI...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329057/coronary-artery-calcification-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-and-death-among-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#13
Jing Chen, Matthew J Budoff, Muredach P Reilly, Wei Yang, Sylvia E Rosas, Mahboob Rahman, Xiaoming Zhang, Jason A Roy, Eva Lustigova, Lisa Nessel, Virginia Ford, Dominic Raj, Anna C Porter, Elsayed Z Soliman, Jackson T Wright, Myles Wolf, Jiang He
Importance: Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is highly prevalent in dialysis-naive patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, there are sparse data on the association of CAC with subsequent risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in this population. Objective: To study the prospective association of CAC with risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality among dialysis-naive patients with CKD. Design, Setting, and Participants: The prospective Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort study recruited adults with an estimated glomerular filtration rate of 20 to 70 mL/min/1...
March 22, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321403/hyperphosphatemia-and-hs-crp-initiate-the-coronary-artery-calcification-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#14
Da Shang, Qionghong Xie, Bin Shang, Min Zhang, Li You, Chuan-Ming Hao, Tongying Zhu
Background. Coronary artery calcification (CAC) contributes to high risk of cardiocerebrovascular diseases in dialysis patients. However, the risk factors for CAC initiation in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients are not known clearly. Methods. Adult patients with baseline CaCS = 0 and who were followed up for at least 3 years or until the conversion from absent to any measurable CAC detected were included in this observational cohort study. Binary logistic regression was performed to identify the risk factors for CAC initiation in PD patients...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286773/the-strategy-to-prevent-and-regress-the-vascular-calcification-in-dialysis-patients
#15
REVIEW
Nai-Ching Chen, Chih-Yang Hsu, Chien-Liang Chen
The high prevalence of arterial calcification in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is far beyond the explanation by common cardiovascular risk factors such as aging, diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. The finding relies on the fact that vascular and valvular calcifications are predictors of cardiovascular diseases and mortality in persons with chronic renal failure. In addition to traditional cardiovascular risk factors such as diabetes mellitus and blood pressure control, other ESRD-related risks such as phosphate retention, excess calcium, and prolonged dialysis time also contribute to the development of vascular calcification...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281786/susceptiveness-of-vitamin-k-epoxide-reductase-complex-subunit-1-gene-polymorphism-in-essential-hypertension
#16
Didem Turgut Cosan, Huseyin Ugur Yazıcı, Emine Colak, Ahu Soyocak, Irfan Degirmenci, Hulyam Kurt, Alparslan Birdane, Ertugrul Colak, Hasan Veysi Gunes
BACKGROUND: Essential hypertension (EH) is defined as a worldwide public health problem and one of the important risk factors for development of human coronary artery disease. Increased peripheral arterial resistance is one of the distinguishing characteristics of EH. The extracellular deposition of calcium in the arterial wall is defined as vascular calcification, which results in aortic stiffness and elevation of blood pressure. Regulation of vascular calcification is physiologically limited by γ-carboxylated proteins that regulate mineralization...
May 2017: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280728/the-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-is-associated-with-coronary-artery-calcification-in-asymptomatic-korean-males-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Su-Hyun Nam, Sung-Goo Kang, Sang-Wook Song
Introduction. The neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a significant systemic predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The coronary artery calcium score (CACS) reflects coronary artery calcification and is an independent risk factor for coronary artery stenosis. In the present study, we explored the relationship between the NLR and CACS in terms of subclinical inflammation and coronary artery calcification. Materials and Methods. We evaluated males and females who did not have CVD, diabetes, high blood pressure, or high fasting blood sugar levels...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194476/-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#18
M Girndt
Chronic kidney disease is defined by decreased glomerular filtration rate or proteinuria. Diabetic nephropathy and hypertensive renal damage are responsible for the majority of cases. The initiation of therapy has to consider if causal treatment of the underlying disease is possible and indicated. In all patients, even if specific treatment is not possible, therapy should aim at reducing progression of kidney failure. Chronic kidney diseases tend to intrinsic deterioration that persists after cessation of the causative damaging pathomechanism...
February 13, 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187467/protective-effects-of-ellagic-acid-on-cardiovascular-injuries-caused-by-hypertension-in-rats
#19
Juliana Bahia Reis Jordão, Hellen Karine Paes Porto, Flávio Marques Lopes, Aline Carvalho Batista, Matheus Lavorenti Rocha
Ellagic acid is described as having antioxidant and antiproliferative properties. Hence, it was hypothesized that ellagic acid could improve cardiovascular damage caused by hypertension. In this work, hypertension was induced in rats with Nω-Nitro-L-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride (60 mg/kg/day in drinking water) for 6 weeks. Ellagic acid was coadministered (10 or 30 mg/kg/day by gavage) between the second and sixth week. Blood pressure was recorded every week by tail-cuff plethysmography. After 6 weeks, the rats were sacrificed, the hearts and kidneys were weighed, and blood was collected...
February 10, 2017: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178182/effects-of-magnesium-on-the-phosphate-toxicity-in-chronic-kidney-disease-time-for-intervention-studies
#20
REVIEW
Yusuke Sakaguchi, Takayuki Hamano, Yoshitaka Isaka
Magnesium, an essential mineral for human health, plays a pivotal role in the cardiovascular system. Epidemiological studies in the general population have found an association between lower dietary magnesium intake and an elevated risk of cardiovascular events. In addition, magnesium supplementation was shown to improve blood pressure control, insulin sensitivity, and endothelial function. The relationship between magnesium and cardiovascular prognosis among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been increasingly investigated as it is becoming evident that magnesium can inhibit vascular calcification, a prominent risk of cardiovascular events, which commonly occurs in CKD patients...
February 6, 2017: Nutrients
keyword
keyword
78483
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"