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Calcification AND Blood pressure

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445258/renal-vascular-calcification-and-response-to-renal-nerve-denervation-in-resistant-hypertension
#1
Annemiek F Hoogerwaard, Mark R de Jong, Ahmet Adiyaman, Jaap Jan J Smit, Peter P H M Delnoy, Jan-Evert Heeg, Boudewijn A A M van Hasselt, Anand R Ramdat Misier, Arif Elvan
Renal sympathetic nerve denervation (RDN) is accepted as a treatment option for patients with resistant hypertension. However, results on decline in ambulatory blood pressure (BP) measurement (ABPM) are conflicting. The high rate of nonresponders may be related to increased systemic vascular stiffness rather than sympathetic overdrive. A single center, prospective registry including 26 patients with treatment resistant hypertension who underwent RDN at the Isala Hospital in the Netherlands. Renal perivascular calcium scores were obtained from noncontrast computed tomography scans...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441695/increased-high-risk-coronary-plaque-burden-is-associated-with-arterial-stiffness-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-without-clinical-signs-of-coronary-artery-disease-a-computed-tomography-angiography-study
#2
Kristian L Funck, Esben Laugesen, Kristian Øvrehus, Jesper M Jensen, Bjarne L Nørgaard, Damini Dey, Troels K Hansen, Per L Poulsen
OBJECTIVES: Arterial stiffness and subclinical coronary atherosclerosis may yield valuable information on cardiovascular risk. We aimed to characterize coronary atherosclerosis in asymptomatic patients with type 2 diabetes and healthy controls and to investigate the association between baseline arterial stiffness and coronary plaque volumes after 5-year follow-up. METHODS: Data from 45 patients and 61 matched controls were available for coronary plaque assessment...
June 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378290/associations-between-hip-bone-mineral-density-aortic-calcification-and-cardiac-workload-in-community-dwelling-older-australians
#3
A J Rodríguez, D Scott, A Hodge, D R English, G G Giles, P R Ebeling
In older adults, lower bone density in the proximal femur was associated with increased heart burden, and this association was linked to calcification in the aorta. These results were seen in women but not in men. PURPOSE: To determine whether there is an association between lower bone mineral density (BMD) and increased cardiac workload in older adults, and if this association was independent of abdominal aortic calcification (AAC). METHODS: Three hundred thirty-seven participants [mean ± SD age = 70 ± 5 years and BMI = 28 ± 5 kg/m(2), 61% females] had BMD determined by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and AAC determined by radiography...
April 4, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360229/aortic-calcification-onset-and-progression-association-with-the-development-of-coronary-atherosclerosis
#4
Hagen Kälsch, Nils Lehmann, Susanne Moebus, Barbara Hoffmann, Andreas Stang, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Raimund Erbel, Amir A Mahabadi
BACKGROUND: Thoracic aortic calcification (TAC) and coronary artery calcification (CAC) are markers of subclinical atherosclerosis and are associated with incident major cardiovascular events. We investigated major determinants for incidence and progression of TAC and the association between TAC and CAC incidence and progression. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a population-based cohort study, 3270 participants (aged 45-74 years, 53.1% women) received cardiac computed tomography at baseline and after a mean follow-up of 5...
March 30, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349710/endovascular-devices-and-revascularization-techniques-for-limb-threatening-ischemia-in-individuals-with-diabetes
#5
Jayer Chung
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a rapidly worsening global epidemic over the last thirty-five years. The increased prevalence of DM has changed the phenotypic expression of atherosclerotic limb threatening ischemia (LTI), resulting in an increase in lesions in the tibial vessels. These patients are also afflicted with peripheral neuropathy, foot deformities, and medial calcification of the vasculature. In response to the evolving phenotype of atherosclerosis, newer minimally invasive tools and techniques have been developed to improve the blood supply in LTI...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329057/coronary-artery-calcification-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-and-death-among-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#6
Jing Chen, Matthew J Budoff, Muredach P Reilly, Wei Yang, Sylvia E Rosas, Mahboob Rahman, Xiaoming Zhang, Jason A Roy, Eva Lustigova, Lisa Nessel, Virginia Ford, Dominic Raj, Anna C Porter, Elsayed Z Soliman, Jackson T Wright, Myles Wolf, Jiang He
Importance: Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is highly prevalent in dialysis-naive patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, there are sparse data on the association of CAC with subsequent risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in this population. Objective: To study the prospective association of CAC with risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality among dialysis-naive patients with CKD. Design, Setting, and Participants: The prospective Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort study recruited adults with an estimated glomerular filtration rate of 20 to 70 mL/min/1...
March 22, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321403/hyperphosphatemia-and-hs-crp-initiate-the-coronary-artery-calcification-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#7
Da Shang, Qionghong Xie, Bin Shang, Min Zhang, Li You, Chuan-Ming Hao, Tongying Zhu
Background. Coronary artery calcification (CAC) contributes to high risk of cardiocerebrovascular diseases in dialysis patients. However, the risk factors for CAC initiation in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients are not known clearly. Methods. Adult patients with baseline CaCS = 0 and who were followed up for at least 3 years or until the conversion from absent to any measurable CAC detected were included in this observational cohort study. Binary logistic regression was performed to identify the risk factors for CAC initiation in PD patients...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286773/the-strategy-to-prevent-and-regress-the-vascular-calcification-in-dialysis-patients
#8
REVIEW
Nai-Ching Chen, Chih-Yang Hsu, Chien-Liang Chen
The high prevalence of arterial calcification in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is far beyond the explanation by common cardiovascular risk factors such as aging, diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. The finding relies on the fact that vascular and valvular calcifications are predictors of cardiovascular diseases and mortality in persons with chronic renal failure. In addition to traditional cardiovascular risk factors such as diabetes mellitus and blood pressure control, other ESRD-related risks such as phosphate retention, excess calcium, and prolonged dialysis time also contribute to the development of vascular calcification...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281786/susceptiveness-of-vitamin-k-epoxide-reductase-complex-subunit-1-gene-polymorphism-in-essential-hypertension
#9
Didem Turgut Cosan, Huseyin Ugur Yazıcı, Emine Colak, Ahu Soyocak, Irfan Degirmenci, Hulyam Kurt, Alparslan Birdane, Ertugrul Colak, Hasan Veysi Gunes
BACKGROUND: Essential hypertension (EH) is defined as worldwide public health problem and one of the important risk factors for development of human coronary artery disease. Increased peripheral arterial resistance is one of the distinguishing characteristics of EH. The extracellular deposition of calcium in the arterial wall is defined as vascular calcification, which results in aortic stiffness and elevation of blood pressure. Regulation of vascular calcification is physiologically limited by γ-carboxylated proteins that regulate mineralization...
March 10, 2017: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280728/the-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-is-associated-with-coronary-artery-calcification-in-asymptomatic-korean-males-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Su-Hyun Nam, Sung-Goo Kang, Sang-Wook Song
Introduction. The neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a significant systemic predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The coronary artery calcium score (CACS) reflects coronary artery calcification and is an independent risk factor for coronary artery stenosis. In the present study, we explored the relationship between the NLR and CACS in terms of subclinical inflammation and coronary artery calcification. Materials and Methods. We evaluated males and females who did not have CVD, diabetes, high blood pressure, or high fasting blood sugar levels...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194476/-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#11
M Girndt
Chronic kidney disease is defined by decreased glomerular filtration rate or proteinuria. Diabetic nephropathy and hypertensive renal damage are responsible for the majority of cases. The initiation of therapy has to consider if causal treatment of the underlying disease is possible and indicated. In all patients, even if specific treatment is not possible, therapy should aim at reducing progression of kidney failure. Chronic kidney diseases tend to intrinsic deterioration that persists after cessation of the causative damaging pathomechanism...
February 13, 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187467/protective-effects-of-ellagic-acid-on-cardiovascular-injuries-caused-by-hypertension-in-rats
#12
Juliana Bahia Reis Jordão, Hellen Karine Paes Porto, Flávio Marques Lopes, Aline Carvalho Batista, Matheus Lavorenti Rocha
Ellagic acid is described as having antioxidant and antiproliferative properties. Hence, it was hypothesized that ellagic acid could improve cardiovascular damage caused by hypertension. In this work, hypertension was induced in rats with Nω-Nitro-L-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride (60 mg/kg/day in drinking water) for 6 weeks. Ellagic acid was coadministered (10 or 30 mg/kg/day by gavage) between the second and sixth week. Blood pressure was recorded every week by tail-cuff plethysmography. After 6 weeks, the rats were sacrificed, the hearts and kidneys were weighed, and blood was collected...
February 10, 2017: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178182/effects-of-magnesium-on-the-phosphate-toxicity-in-chronic-kidney-disease-time-for-intervention-studies
#13
REVIEW
Yusuke Sakaguchi, Takayuki Hamano, Yoshitaka Isaka
Magnesium, an essential mineral for human health, plays a pivotal role in the cardiovascular system. Epidemiological studies in the general population have found an association between lower dietary magnesium intake and an elevated risk of cardiovascular events. In addition, magnesium supplementation was shown to improve blood pressure control, insulin sensitivity, and endothelial function. The relationship between magnesium and cardiovascular prognosis among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been increasingly investigated as it is becoming evident that magnesium can inhibit vascular calcification, a prominent risk of cardiovascular events, which commonly occurs in CKD patients...
February 6, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131807/-prevalence-and-extension-of-coronary-artery-calcification-in-cardiovascular-asymptomatic-mexican-population-genetics-of-atherosclerotic-disease-study
#14
Carlos Posadas-Romero, Fabiola López-Bautista, Marco A Rodas-Díaz, Rosalinda Posadas-Sánchez, Eric Kimura-Hayama, Juan G Juárez-Rojas, Aida X Medina-Urrutia, Guillermo C Cardoso-Saldaña, Gilberto Vargas-Alarcón, Esteban Jorge-Galarza
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of coronary artery calcification (CAC), a specific marker of atherosclerosis, is unknown in Mexico. Our aim was to investigate the prevalence and quantity of CAC and its associations with cardiovascular risk factors in Mexican population. METHODS: CAC was measured by multidetector computed tomography in asymptomatic subjects who participated in the Genetics of Atherosclerotic Disease study. Cardiovascular risk factors and medication were recorded...
January 25, 2017: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127640/ten-year-progression-of-coronary-artery-carotid-artery-and-aortic-calcification-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#15
Ju-Hua Liu, Ming-Yen Ng, Tommy Cheung, Ho-Yin Chung, Yan Chen, Zhe Zhen, Yuan Zou, Ka-Fung Mak, Pek-Lan Khong, Chak-Sing Lau, Hung-Fat Tse, Kai-Hang Yiu
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with increased vascular calcification, although the rate of progress of calcification is uncertain. The aim of the study was to evaluate the progression of and the predictors for calcification in different vascular beds over 10 years. The 10-year actual coronary calcium score (CS) and 10-year predicted coronary CS, based on the pattern of the general population, were compared. Calcification of the coronary and carotid artery and the aorta was assessed by multi-detector computed tomography...
January 26, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112768/dietary-quality-is-associated-with-abdominal-aortic-calcification-a-mean-of-18-year-longitudinal-study-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#16
X Shang, D Scott, A Hodge, B Khan, N Khan, D R English, G G Giles, P R Ebeling, K M Sanders
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the association between baseline and changes in dietary quality assessed by the Alternative Healthy Eating Index-2010 (AHEI-2010) and abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) among community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: Population-based longitudinal study. SETTING: A subset of the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study (MCCS). PARTICIPANTS: 262 community-dwelling adults (60% female) aged 53 ± 5 years at baseline...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073952/alcohol-and-coronary-artery-calcification-an-investigation-using-alcohol-flushing-as-an-instrumental-variable
#17
Kyung Eun Yun, Yoosoo Chang, Sung-Cheol Yun, George Davey Smith, Seungho Ryu, Sung-Il Cho, Eun Chul Chung, Hocheol Shin, Young-Ho Khang
BACKGROUND: We examined whether alcohol flushing could be used as an instrumental variable (IV) and investigated the effect of alcohol consumption on coronary calcification using alcohol flushing status as an IV. METHODS: We analysed cross-sectional data from 24 681 Korean adults (20 696 men and 3985 women) who had been administered a questionnaire assessing alcohol consumption and alcohol flushing, as well as a coronary artery calcium (CAC) measurement. The associations of alcohol flushing status with potential confounders and alcohol consumption were examined...
January 10, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998429/-effect-of-sodium-thiosulfate-on-coronary-artery-calcification-in-maintenance-hemodialysis-patients
#18
Y Yu, Z M Bi, Y Wang, Z Q Chen, S W Xu
Objective: To investigate the factors correlated to coronary artery calcification (CAC)in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients and observe the effect of sodium thiosulfate (STS) on the progression of vascular calcification and its safety. Methods: Thirty-eight subjects from Fuzhou Genernal Hospital who underwent coronary artery CT scan using Philip's spiral CT were enrolled and the calcification degree was evaluated by CAC scores from December 2013 to December 2014. The hemodialysis patients were divided into CAC group (CAC scores>10, 27 cases) and non-CAC group (CAC scores≤10, 11 cases)according to the CT scan results...
December 13, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989039/patho-histological-findings-of-annular-rupture-related-to-left-ventricular-outflow-tract-lvot-calcification-following-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-tavr
#19
Ankur Kalra, Wesley R Pedersen, Shannon M Mackey-Bojack, Emily R Duncanson, Kevin M Harris
Peri-aortic hematoma has been recently described as a potentially life-threatening complication following transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Patient- and procedure-related factors exist that predispose to peri-aortic hematoma formation, which can progress to myocardial rupture at the aortic root-myocardial junction. While conservative therapy with blood pressure control is the expectant management following peri-aortic hematoma formation, myocardial rupture can occur at the site of the aortic annulus...
May 2016: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951572/a-new-polysulfone-membrane-dialyzer-nv-with-low-fouling-and-antithrombotic-properties
#20
Wataru Oshihara, Yoshiyuki Ueno, Hiroaki Fujieda
BACKGROUND: The biggest problem in routine hemodialysis therapy is possibly the blood pressure fall experienced by patients during dialysis. In contrast, in medium- and long-term hemodialysis therapy, the main problem might be deterioration of arteriosclerosis because of medial calcification associated with dialysis vintage. Both problems are caused by an autonomic imbalance or structural change in the blood vessels. Inflammation due to extracorporeal blood circulation is another possible cause...
2017: Contributions to Nephrology
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