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Rattikarn Noitem, Chaowalit Yuajit, Sunhapas Soodvilai, Chatchai Muanprasat, Varanuj Chatsudthipong
Overexpression of aquaporin 2 (AQP2) was observed and suggested to be involved in fluid secretion leading to cyst enlargement in polycystic kidney disease (PKD). The cyst expansion deteriorates the renal function and, therefore, therapies targeting cyst enlargement are of clinical interest. Of note, inhibition of vasopressin function using vasopressin 2 receptor (V2R) antagonist which decreased cAMP production along with AQP2 production and function can slow cyst growth in ADPKD. This finding supports the role of AQP2 in cyst enlargement...
March 7, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Mingyu Ding, Jing Li, Xinyue Fan, Fang He, Xiaoyang Yu, Lei Chen, Shenshen Zou, Yuancun Liang, Jinfeng Yu
The Ascomycete fungus Fusarium graminearum, the causal agent of Fusarium head blight of wheat and barley, has become a predominant model organism for the study of fungal phytopathogens. Aquaporins (AQPs) have been implicated in the transport of water, glycerol, and a variety of other small molecules in yeast, plants and animals. However, the role of these proteins in phytopathogenic fungi is not well understood. Here, we identified and attempted to elucidate the function of the five aquaporin genes in F. graminearum...
March 3, 2018: Current Genetics
Fumiaki Ando, Shinichi Uchida
Congenital nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI) is characterized by defective urine concentrating ability. Symptomatic polyuria is present from birth, even with normal release of the antidiuretic hormone vasopressin by the pituitary. Over the last two decades, the aquaporin-2 (AQP2) gene has been cloned and the molecular mechanisms of urine concentration have been gradually elucidated. Vasopressin binds to the vasopressin type II receptor (V2R) in the renal collecting ducts and then activates AQP2 phosphorylation and trafficking to increase water reabsorption from urine...
February 24, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
Bhanu Prakash Kolla, Terry D Schneekloth, Joanna Biernacka, Vijay Shah, Konstantinos N Lazaridis, Jennifer Geske, Victor Karpyak
Aims: Prior studies have established variation at the PNPLA3gene to be associated with a risk of developing alcoholic liver disease (ALD). We attempt to replicate this finding and other potential genetic variations previously associated with ALD utilizing a case-control design in a cohort of subjects with alcohol use disorders. Short summary: This case-control study performed in a US clinical sample of heavy drinkers, replicates the previously reported association between ALD and rs738409 polymorphism in the PNPLA3gene in heavy drinkers...
February 21, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
Mandika Chetry, Saisai Li, Hailing Liu, Xiaoli Hu, Xueqiong Zhu
Background Aquaporins (AQPs), a family of transmembrane channel, are composed of 13 identified members (AQP0-12). Accumulating evidences reported that AQPs were correlated with various biological roles and represented a prognostic predictor in various cancer types. However, the prognostic value of AQPs expression in ovarian cancer remains unclear.  Methods Using 'Kaplan-Meier plotter' (KM plotter) online database, we explored the predictive prognostic value of individual AQPs members' mRNA expression to overall survival (OS) in different clinical data, such as histology, pathological grades, clinical stages, TP53 status, and applied chemotherapy in ovarian cancer patients...
February 22, 2018: Bioscience Reports
Katharina Rump, Michael Adamzik
Background: Sepsis is a common cause of death in intensive care units worldwide. Due to the high complexity of this immunological syndrome development of novel therapeutic strategies is urgent. Promising drug targets or biomarkers may depict aquaporins (AQPs) as they regulate crucial key mechanisms of sepsis. Main body: Here we report on base of the current literature that several AQPs are involved in different physiological processes of sepsis. In immune system mainly AQPs 3, 5 and 9 seem to be important, as they regulate the migration of different immune cells...
2018: Cell & Bioscience
Marc-Henri Asmar, Louis Gaboury, Issam Saliba
Objectives Endolymphatic sac (ELS) pathophysiology in Ménière's disease (MD) remains poorly understood. We identified from the literature a group of proteins expressed on the ELS and involved in endolymph volume regulation: aquaporin-2 (AQP2), vasopressin receptor V2R, sodium potassium chloride cotransporter 2 (NKCC2), and transient receptor potential cation channel V4 (TRPV4). Our objective was to determine whether their ELS expression was altered in MD, to better understand the pathophysiology of endolymphatic hydrops...
February 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Irfana Soomro, Ying Sun, Zhai Li, Lonnette Diggs, Georgia Hatzivassiliou, Ajit G Thomas, Rana Rais, Barbara S Slusher, Stefan Somlo, Edward Y Skolnik
Background: Metabolism of glutamine by glutaminase 1 (GLS1) plays a key role in tumor cell proliferation via the generation of ATP and intermediates required for macromolecular synthesis. We hypothesized that glutamine metabolism also plays a role in proliferation of autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) cells and that inhibiting GLS1 could slow cyst growth in animal models of ADPKD. Methods: Primary normal human kidney and ADPKD human cyst-lining epithelial cells were cultured in the presence or absence of two pharmacologic inhibitors of GLS1, bis-2-(5-phenylacetamido-1,2,4-thiadiazol-2-yl)ethyl sulfide 3 (BPTES) and CB-839, and the effect on proliferation, cyst growth in collagen and activation of downstream signaling pathways were assessed...
February 5, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Yuko Miyazawa, Saki Mikami, Keiko Yamamoto, Masaki Sakai, Tatsuya Saito, Tadashi Yamamoto, Kenichi Ishibashi, Sei Sasaki
BACKGROUND: AQP2 water channel is critical for urinary concentration in the kidney. Interestingly, AQP2 is abundantly excreted in the urine as extracellular vesicles (EVs), which is known to be a useful biomarker for water-balance disorders although the character of AQP2-enriched EVs is poorly understood including water channel function. METHODS: Human urine EVs were obtained by a differential centrifugation method. AQP2-bearing EVs were isolated by immunoprecipitation with an AQP2-specific antibody, and the proteins in the EVs were analyzed by LC-MS/MS proteomic analysis...
February 2, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
Katharina Schrade, Jessica Tröger, Adeeb Eldahshan, Kerstin Zühlke, Kamal R Abdul Azeez, Jonathan M Elkins, Martin Neuenschwander, Andreas Oder, Mohamed Elkewedi, Sarah Jaksch, Karsten Andrae, Jinliang Li, Joao Fernandes, Paul Markus Müller, Stephan Grunwald, Stephen F Marino, Tanja Vukićević, Jenny Eichhorst, Burkhard Wiesner, Marcus Weber, Michael Kapiloff, Oliver Rocks, Oliver Daumke, Thomas Wieland, Stefan Knapp, Jens Peter von Kries, Enno Klussmann
Stimulation of renal collecting duct principal cells with antidiuretic hormone (arginine-vasopressin, AVP) results in inhibition of the small GTPase RhoA and the enrichment of the water channel aquaporin-2 (AQP2) in the plasma membrane. The membrane insertion facilitates water reabsorption from primary urine and fine-tuning of body water homeostasis. Rho guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) interact with RhoA, catalyze the exchange of GDP for GTP and thereby activate the GTPase. However, GEFs involved in the control of AQP2 in renal principal cells are unknown...
2018: PloS One
Siree Asvapromtada, Hiroko Sonoda, Minami Kinouchi, Sayaka Oshikawa, Saki Takahashi, Yuya Hoshino, Thitaporn Sinlapadeelerdkul, Naoko Yokota-Ikeda, Toshiyuki Matsuzaki, Masahiro Ikeda
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is an important risk factor for the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and an alteration in renal water handling has been observed during the transition of AKI to CKD. Urinary exosomal release of aquaporin-1 (AQP1) and AQP2, important proteins for renal water handling, has recently been reported to predict their levels of renal expression. We therefore examined the patterns of urinary exosomal release of AQP1 and AQP2, and the exosomal marker proteins tumor susceptibility 101 protein (TSG101) and ALG-2 interacting protein X (Alix), in the acute and chronic phases following induction of AKI by renal bilateral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) in rats...
December 13, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Lihe Chen, Chao Gao, Long Zhang, Ye Zhang, Enuo Chen, Wenzheng Zhang
An ideal inducible system should be cell-specific and have absolute no background recombination without induction (i.e. no leakiness), a high recombination rate after induction, and complete fidelity in cell specificity (i.e. restricted recombination exclusively in cells where the driver gene is expressed). However, such an ideal mouse model remains unavailable for collecting duct research. Here, we report a mouse model that meets these criteria. In this model, a cassette expressing ERT2CreERT2 (ECE) is inserted at the ATG of the endogenous Aqp2 locus to disrupt Aqp2 function and to express ECE under the control of the Aqp2 promoter...
December 20, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Adrienne M Assmus, Morag K Mansley, Linda J Mullins, Audrey Peter, John J Mullins
The cortical collecting duct of the mammalian kidney plays a critical role in the regulation of body volume, sodium pH and osmolarity and is composed of two distinct cells types, principal cells and intercalated cells. Each cell type is detectable in the kidney by the localization of specific transport proteins such as Aqp2 and ENaC in principal cells and V-ATPase B1 and Cx30 in intercalated cells. mCCDcl1 cells have been widely used as a mouse principal cell line on the basis of their physiological characteristics...
December 20, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Mi Liu, Ying Sun, Man Xu, Xiaowen Yu, Yue Zhang, Songming Huang, Guixia Ding, Aihua Zhang, Zhanjun Jia
Downregulation of aquaporins (AQPs) in obstructive kidney disease has been well demonstrated with elusive mechanisms. Our previous study indicated that mitochondrial dysfunction played crucial role in this process. However, it is still uncertain that how mitochondrial dysfunction affected the AQPs in obstructive kidney disease. This study was to investigate the role of mitochondria-derived oxidative stress in mediating obstruction-induced downregulation of AQPs. After UUO for 7 days, renal SOD2 (mitochondria-specific SOD) was reduced by 85%...
December 20, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Stine Julie Tingskov, Shan Hu, Jorgen Frøkiær, Tae-Hwan Kwon, Weidong Wang, Rikke Norregaard
Lithium is widely used in treatment of bipolar affective disorders, but often causes nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI), a disorder characterized by severe urinary concentrating defects. Lithium-induced NDI is caused by lithium uptake by collecting duct principal cells and altered expression of aquaporin-2 (AQP2), which are essential for water reabsorption of tubular fluid in the collecting duct. Sex hormones have previously been shown to affect the regulation of AQP2, so we tested whether tamoxifen (TAM), a selective estrogen receptor modulator, would attenuate lithium-induced alterations on renal water homeostasis...
January 10, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Li-Yuan Jiang, Jiao-Jun He, Xi-Xi Chen, Xue-Jiao Sun, Xue-Zhong Wang, Shan Zhong, Hua-de Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on endolymphatic hydrops (EH) and the regulation of arginine vasopressin (AVP)-aquaporin-2 (AQP2) pathway in guinea pigs. METHODS: EH was induced in male guinea pigs by an intraperitoneal injection of AVP. For the treatment, EA was delivered to Baihui (GV 20) and Tinggong (SI 19) acupoints, once per day for 10 consecutive days. In histomorphological studies, cochlear hydrops degree was evaluated by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, and then the ratio of scala media (SM) area to SM + scala vestibuli (SV) area (R value) was calculated...
January 15, 2018: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
Alejandro Pizzoni, Macarena López González, Gisela Di Giusto, Valeria Rivarola, Claudia Capurro, Paula Ford
There is increasing evidence indicating that aquaporins (AQPs) exert an influence in cell signaling by the interplay with the TRPV4 Ca2+ channel. Ca2+ release from intracellular stores and plasma membrane hyperpolarization due to opening of Ca2+ -activated potassium channels (KCa) are events that have been proposed to take place downstream of TRPV4 activation. A major mechanism for Ca2+ entry, activated after depletion of intracellular Ca2+ stores and driven by electrochemical forces, is the store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE)...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Qi Wu, Hanne B Moeller, Donté A Stevens, Rebekah Sanchez-Hodge, Gabrielle Childers, Marleen L A Kortenoeven, Lei Cheng, Lena L Rosenbaek, Carrie Rubel, Cam Patterson, Trairak Pisitkun, Jonathan C Schisler, Robert A Fenton
The importance of the kidney distal convoluted tubule (DCT) and cortical collecting duct (CCD) is highlighted by various water and electrolyte disorders that arise when the unique transport properties of these segments are disturbed. Despite this critical role, little is known about which proteins have a regulatory role in these cells and how these cells can be regulated by individual physiologic stimuli. By combining proteomics, bioinformatics, and cell biology approaches, we found that the E3 ubiquitin ligase CHIP is highly expressed throughout the collecting duct; is modulated in abundance by vasopressin; interacts with aquaporin-2 (AQP2), Hsp70, and Hsc70; and can directly ubiquitylate the water channel AQP2 in vitro shRNA knockdown of CHIP in CCD cells increased AQP2 protein t1/2 and reduced AQP2 ubiquitylation, resulting in greater levels of AQP2 and phosphorylated AQP2...
December 14, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
Jinghua Xu, Mingyue Pan, Xiaoli Wang, Lishi Xu, Lanfang Li, Cheng Xu
Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor- γ (PPAR γ ) is a ligand-activated transcription factor of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily. The decreased phosphorylation of PPAR γ due to rosiglitazone (ROS) is the main reason for the increased insulin sensitivity caused by this antidiabetic drug. However, there is no clear evidence whether the nuclear translocation of p-PPAR γ stimulated by ROS is related to fluid retention. It is also unclear whether the translocation of p-PPAR γ is associated with the change of aquaporin-2 (AQP2) and epithelial sodium channel α subunit ( α ENaC) in membranes, cytoplasm, and nucleus...
2017: PPAR Research
Marianna Ranieri, Kamyar Zahedi, Grazia Tamma, Mariangela Centrone, Annarita Di Mise, Manoocher Soleimani, Giovanna Valenti
High concentrations of urinary calcium counteract vasopressin action via the activation of the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) that is expressed in the luminal membrane of collecting duct cells, which impairs the trafficking of aquaporin-2 (AQP2). Pendrin/NaCl cotransporter double-knockout (dKO) mice display significant calcium wasting and develop severe volume depletion, despite increased circulating vasopressin levels. We hypothesized that the CaSR-mediated impairment of AQP2 expression/trafficking underlies vasopressin resistance in dKO mice...
January 5, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
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