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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449330/exploring-the-experience-of-nurse-practitioners-who-have-committed-medical-errors-a-phenomenological-approach
#1
Romuald Delacroix
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To explore the experience of committing medical error from the perspective of nurse practitioners (NPs). Overall, the purpose of the study is to discern NPs' behaviors, perceptions, and coping mechanisms in response to having made a medical error. METHODS: Qualitative research based on two face-to-face audio-recorded semistructured interviews with 10 NPs who had made medical errors in practice. The analysis was guided by concepts in phenomenology...
April 27, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448504/impaired-sense-of-agency-in-functional-movement-disorders-an-fmri-study
#2
Fatta B Nahab, Prantik Kundu, Carine Maurer, Qian Shen, Mark Hallett
The sense of agency (SA) is an established framework that refers to our ability to exert and perceive control over our own actions. Having an intact SA provides the basis for the human perception of voluntariness, while impairments in SA are hypothesized to lead to the perception of movements being involuntary that may be seen many neurological or psychiatric disorders. Individuals with functional movement disorders (FMD) experience a lack of control over their movements, yet these movements appear voluntary by physiology...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448451/time-aware-service-ranking-prediction-in-the-internet-of-things-environment
#3
Yuze Huang, Jiwei Huang, Bo Cheng, Shuqing He, Junliang Chen
With the rapid development of the Internet of things (IoT), building IoT systems with high quality of service (QoS) has become an urgent requirement in both academia and industry. During the procedures of building IoT systems, QoS-aware service selection is an important concern, which requires the ranking of a set of functionally similar services according to their QoS values. In reality, however, it is quite expensive and even impractical to evaluate all geographically-dispersed IoT services at a single client to obtain such a ranking...
April 27, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448316/regenerative-medicine-and-stem-cells-in-dermatology
#4
Eduardo K Moioli, Diana Bolotin, Murad Alam
BACKGROUND: Clinically relevant regenerative medicine is still in its early stages of development. Difficulties in regenerating large-scale and complex structures, the lack of safety data, and the paucity of clinical trials have slowed the process of technological advance. OBJECTIVE: To familiarize the clinician with techniques available in the laboratory and experimental approaches being tested clinically. In addition, a layout is discussed for how dermatologists can lead the way in bringing regenerative medicine to clinical reality...
April 12, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447704/influence-of-dopants-on-the-impermeability-of-graphene
#5
S S K Mallineni, D W Boukhvalov, I S Zhidkov, A I Kukharenko, A I Slesarev, A F Zatsepin, S O Cholakh, A M Rao, S M Serkiz, S Bhattacharya, E Z Kurmaev, R Podila
Graphene has attracted much attention as an impermeable membrane and a protective coating against oxidation. While many theoretical studies have shown that defect-free graphene is impermeable, in reality graphene inevitably has defects in the form of grain boundaries and vacancies. Here, we study the effects of N-dopants on the impermeability of few-layered graphene (FLG) grown on copper using chemical vapor deposition. The grain boundaries in FLG have minimal impact on their permeability to oxygen as they do not provide a continuous channel for gas transport due to high tortuosity...
April 27, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447296/addressing-the-needs-of-children-and-youth-in-the-context-of-war-and-terrorism-the-technological-frontier
#6
REVIEW
Leia Y Saltzman, Levi Solomyak, Ruth Pat-Horenczyk
This paper reviews recent literature on the mental health needs of youth in the context of war and terrorism. A human rights lens is used to explore issues of accessibility and sustainability in service utilization during times of crisis. The authors present the evolution of services over the last several decades, progressing through individual, school-based, and community-wide interventions by exploring models that focus on symptom reduction and building resilience. This paper highlights the benefits and limitations of traditional intervention methods and proposes a new frontier of intervention development and research...
June 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447061/rainfall-before-rainbow-an-illusion-or-reality
#7
EDITORIAL
Kohei Shitara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447015/data-sharing-a-viable-resource-for-future
#8
REVIEW
Kritarth Naman M Singh, Yashashri C Shetty
Clinical trials and research studies are being conducted worldwide at a rampant pace leading to generation of large amount of data. However, to reap the benefits of the data generated it is important that this data is shared with the general public without which it can be deemed useless. Despite its importance being known to us, data sharing does not come without its share of problems and it is not as easy to execute as it sounds on-paper. Over the past few years, multiple coveted organizations around the world involved in research activities have come up with their respective guidelines and initiatives to make sure the sharing of research data is smooth and ethical...
April 2017: Perspectives in Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446635/a-motif-and-amino-acid-bias-bioinformatics-pipeline-to-identify-hydroxyproline-rich-glycoproteins
#9
Kim L Johnson, Andrew M Cassin, Andrew Lonsdale, Antony Bacic, Monika Susanne Doblin, Carolyn J Schultz
Intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) are functional proteins that lack a well-defined three dimensional structure. The study of IDPs is a rapidly growing area as the crucial biological functions of more of these proteins are uncovered. In plants, IDPs are implicated in plant stress responses, signalling and regulatory processes. A superfamily of cell wall proteins, the hydroxyproline-rich glycoproteins (HRGPs), have characteristic features of IDPs. Their protein backbones are rich in the disordering amino acid proline, they contain repeated sequence motifs and extensive post-translational modifications (glycosylation) and have been implicated in many biological functions...
April 26, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446376/comparison-of-virtual-reality-exergaming-and-home-exercise-programs-in-patients-with-subacromial-impingement-syndrome-and-scapular-dyskinesis-short-term-effect
#10
Nihan Ozunlu Pekyavas, Nevin Ergun
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the short term effects of home exercise program and virtual reality exergaming in patients with subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS). METHODS: A total of 30 patients with SAIS were randomized into two groups which are Home Exercise Program (EX Group) (mean age: 40.6 ± 11.7 years) and Virtual Reality Exergaming Program (WII Group) (mean age: 40.33 ± 13.2 years). Subjects were assessed at the first session, at the end of the treatment (6 weeks) and at 1 month follow-up...
April 24, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446360/does-not-correspond-to-everyday-reality
#11
Robert Hector
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446067/the-chemical-disruption-of-human-metabolism
#12
Stephen J Genuis, Edmond Kyrillos
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence highlights the reality of unprecedented human exposure to toxic chemical agents found throughout our environment - in our food and water supply, in the air we breathe, in the products we apply to our skin, in the medical and dental materials placed into our bodies, and even within the confines of the womb. With biomonitoring confirming the widespread bioaccumulation of myriad toxicants among population groups, expanding research continues to explore the pathobiological impact of these agents on human metabolism...
April 26, 2017: Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445540/individuals-with-severely-impaired-vision-can-learn-useful-orientation-and-mobility-skills-in-virtual-streets-and-can-use-them-to-improve-real-street-safety
#13
Ellen Lambert Bowman, Lei Liu
Virtual reality has great potential in training road safety skills to individuals with low vision but the feasibility of such training has not been demonstrated. We tested the hypotheses that low vision individuals could learn useful skills in virtual streets and could apply them to improve real street safety. Twelve participants, whose vision was too poor to use the pedestrian signals were taught by a certified orientation and mobility specialist to determine the safest time to cross the street using the visual and auditory signals made by the start of previously stopped cars at a traffic-light controlled street intersection...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445190/cognitive-learning-and-its-future-in-urology-surgical-skills-teaching-and-assessment
#14
Somayeh B Shafiei, Ahmed A Hussein, Khurshid A Guru
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this study is to provide an overview of the current status of novel cognitive training approaches in surgery and to investigate the potential role of cognitive training in surgical education. RECENT FINDINGS: Kinematics of end-effector trajectories, as well as cognitive state features of surgeon trainees and mentors have recently been studied as modalities to objectively evaluate the expertise level of trainees and to shorten the learning process...
April 25, 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444821/has-the-autonomy-pendulum-swung-too-far
#15
Paul Walker
BACKGROUND: This paper aims to contribute to the discussion about patient-centred care in surgery. It is contended here that the paradigm shift towards patient-centred decision-making in health care does not mean that patient values alone (or those of their proxies) should, uncritically, be the lead decision makers in determining surgical care. METHODS: In support of that contention, three clarifications to our conception of autonomy will be offered. RESULTS: First, autonomy may not be best positioned as the lead principle guiding healthcare decision-making...
April 25, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444053/a-systematic-review-of-the-process-of-regionalization-of-brazil-s-unified-health-system-sus
#16
Guilherme Arantes Mello, Ana Paula Chancharulo de Morais Pereira, Liza Yurie Teruya Uchimura, Fabíola Lana Iozzi, Marcelo Marcos Piva Demarzo, Ana Luiza d'Ávila Viana
This review focuses only on specific studies into the SUS regionalization process, which were based on empirical results and published since 2006, when the SUS was already under the aegis of the Pact for Health framework. It was found that the regionalization process is now underway in all spheres of government, subject to a set of challenges common to the different realities of the country. These include, primarily, that committee-structured entities are valued as spaces for innovation, yet also strive to overcome the bureaucratic and clientelist political culture...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444016/frictionless-segmented-mechanics-for-controlled-space-closure
#17
Ildeu Andrade
Extraction spaces may be needed to achieve specific orthodontic goals of positioning the dentition in harmony with the craniofacial complex. However, the fundamental reality that determines the occlusion final position is the control exerted by the orthodontist while closing the extraction spaces. A specific treatment objective may require the posterior teeth to remain in a constant position anteroposteriorly as well as vertically, while the anterior teeth occupy the entire extraction site. Another treatment objective may require the opposite, or any number of intentional alternatives of extraction site closure...
February 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444008/from-guidelines-to-local-realities-evaluation-of-oral-rehydration-therapy-and-zinc-supplementation-in-guatemala
#18
Rachel Hall-Clifford, Roxanne Amerson
Objective: Diarrhea remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality for children in low- and middle-income countries throughout the Americas. The World Health Organization (WHO) has developed guidelines on incorporating zinc supplementation (ZS) with traditional oral rehydration therapy (ORT) in order to shorten the duration of diarrheal episodes and to reduce poor health outcomes. Guatemala adopted these guidelines in 2011, but they have not yet been fully implemented at the community level...
April 20, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442248/social-environments-and-interpersonal-distance-regulation-in-psychosis-a-virtual-reality-study
#19
Chris N W Geraets, Marije van Beilen, Roos Pot-Kolder, Jacqueline Counotte, Mark van der Gaag, Wim Veling
BACKGROUND: Experimentally studying the influence of social environments on mental health and behavior is challenging, as social context is difficult to standardize in laboratory settings. Virtual Reality (VR) enables studying social interaction in terms of interpersonal distance in a more ecologically valid manner. Regulation of interpersonal distance may be abnormal in patients with psychotic disorders and influenced by environmental stress, symptoms or distress. AIMS: To investigate interpersonal distance in people with a psychotic disorder and at ultrahigh risk for psychosis (UHR) compared to siblings and controls in virtual social environments, and explore the relationship between clinical characteristics and interpersonal distance...
April 22, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441399/ghgs-and-air-pollutants-embodied-in-china-s-international-trade-temporal-and-spatial-index-decomposition-analysis
#20
Zhengyan Liu, Xianqiang Mao, Peng Song
Temporal index decomposition analysis and spatial index decomposition analysis were applied to understand the driving forces of the emissions embodied in China's exports and net exports during 2002-2011, respectively. The accumulated emissions embodied in exports accounted for approximately 30% of the total emissions in China; although the contribution of the sectoral total emissions intensity (technique effect) declined, the scale effect was largely responsible for the mounting emissions associated with export, and the composition effect played a largely insignificant role...
2017: PloS One
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