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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140655/the-%C3%A2-natural%C3%A2-vs-%C3%A2-natural-flavors%C3%A2-conflict-in-food-labeling-a-regulatory-viewpoint
#1
Matthew J Goodman
Food branded with a Natural label can be found in any grocery store across the United States. Consumers consider this label to be an important attribute when making a purchasing decision and billions of dollars are spent annually on these products. While many consumers believe Natural foods are healthier, heavy reliance on that assumption is misguided as “Natural” has no formal legal definition—it’s merely defined pursuant to an FDA approved informal policy. Another important health attribute in a consumer’s purchasing decision is the presence of natural flavors in food...
2017: Food and Drug Law Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140355/enhancing-the-resolution-of-a-near-eye-display-with-a-pancharatnam-berry-phase-deflector
#2
Yun-Han Lee, Tao Zhan, Shin-Tson Wu
We report an electro-optic image shifter to enhance the resolution of display devices with a Pancharatnam-Berry phase deflector (PBD). The switching time of our PBD is less than 1 ms. Through synchronizing and computational factorization, we are able to double the display resolution for reducing the screen door effect. Such a thin and lightweight PBD image shifter can be easily integrated into wearable display devices. Its potential application for virtual reality and augmented reality is emphasized.
November 15, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140161/relationship-between-physical-activity-and-clinical-outcomes-after-acl-reconstruction
#3
Christopher Kuenze, Lisa Cadmus-Bertram, Karin Pfieffer, Stephanie Trigsted, Dane Cook, Caroline Lisee, David Bell
CONTEXT: Reductions in objectively measured moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) have been reported among individuals with ACLR. Self-reported measures of physical activity are commonly utilized to assess participation in physical activity after ACLR despite the lack of evidence to support the validity of such measures within this population. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research was to determine the relationships between objectively measured MVPA, self-reported physical activity, and knee function among individuals with ACLR...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138328/reply-to-highly-efficacious-novel-vaccine-humoral-immunity-and-ocular-herpes-simplex-virus-1-reality-or-myth
#4
Derek J Royer, Daniel J J Carr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138214/sport-science-internships-for-learning-a-critical-view
#5
EDITORIAL
James J Malone
Sport science has gained vast popularity with students who have an interest in both physiology and the underpinning mechanisms of exercise concerning performance and health. The high numbers of graduates each year, coupled with the low number of graduate positions working in sports, has led to a high level of competition between students. To stand out from the crowd, sport science students may undertake an internship placement as part of their course, designed to enhance theoretical, practical, and soft skills in an applied setting...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137725/a-gait-retraining-system-using-augmented-reality-to-modify-footprint-parameters-effects-on-lower-limb-sagittal-plane-kinematics
#6
Sami Bennour, Baptiste Ulrich, Thomas Legrand, Brigitte M Jolles, Julien Favre
Improving lower-limb flexion/extension angles during walking is important for the treatment of numerous pathologies. Currently, these gait retraining procedures are mostly qualitative, often based on visual assessment and oral instructions. This study aimed to propose an alternative method combining motion capture and display of target footprints on the floor. The second objectives were to determine the error in footprint modifications and the effects of footprint modifications on lower-limb flexion/extension angles...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136558/autonomous-vehicles-disengagements-trends-triggers-and-regulatory-limitations
#7
Francesca Favarò, Sky Eurich, Nazanin Nader
Autonomous Vehicle (AV) technology is quickly becoming a reality on US roads. Testing on public roads is currently undergoing, with many AV makers located and testing in Silicon Valley, California. The California Department of Motor Vehicles (CA DMV) currently mandates that any vehicle tested on California public roads be retrofitted to account for a back-up human driver, and that data related to disengagements of the AV technology be publicly available. Disengagements data is analyzed in this work, given the safety-critical role of AV disengagements, which require the control of the vehicle to be handed back to the human driver in a safe and timely manner...
November 11, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135423/technology-and-occupation-past-present-and-the-next-100-years-of-theory-and-practice
#8
Roger O Smith
During the first 100 years of occupational therapy, the profession developed a remarkable practice and theory base. All along, technology was an active and core component of practice, but often technology was mentioned only as an adjunct component of therapy and as if it was a specialty. This lecture proposes a new foundational theory that places technology at the heart of occupational therapy as a fundamental part of human occupation and the human experience. Moreover, this new Metaphysical Physical-Emotive Theory of Occupation pushes the occupational therapy profession and the occupational science discipline to overtly consider occupation on the level of a metaphysical-level reality...
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135000/bioconjugated-fluorescent-organic-nanoparticles-targeting-egfr-overexpressing-cancer-cells
#9
Adrien Faucon, Houda Benhelli-Mokrani, Fabrice Fleury, Stéphanie Dutertre, Marc Tramier, Joanna Boucard, Lénaïc Lartigue, Steven Nedellec, Philippe Hulin, Eléna Ishow
The field of optical bioimaging has considerably flourished with the advent of sophisticated microscopy techniques and ultra-bright fluorescent tools. Fluorescent organic nanoparticles (FONs) have thus recently appeared as very attractive labels for their high payload, absence of cytotoxicity and eventual biodegradation. Nevertheless, their bioconjugation to target specific receptors with high imaging contrast is scarcely performed. Moreover, assessing the reality of bioconjugation represents high challenges given the sub-nanomolar concentrations resulting from the commonly adopted nanoprecipitation fabrication process...
November 14, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134841/the-googled-and-googling-analyst
#10
Nathan Kravis
Kierkegaard's concept of leveling is applied to the dynamics of envy, particularly as they come into play among psychoanalysts doing clinical analytic work. This is illustrated in two clinical vignettes. The technocultural surround of the digital age impinges on analytic identity in ways that can evoke fantasied retreats into sameness and erasure of distinction. The "digital reality principle" is introduced as a way of conceptualizing an aspect of the hatred of thinking and certain envious responses to distinction...
October 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134839/committed-to-a-single-model-and-open-to-reality
#11
Rachel B Blass
A view prevails that holding multiple models enhances analytic work, enriches our understanding of pathology, offers different methods of working to meet the needs of a range of patients, and reflects openness to other approaches and the complexity of reality. Against this view it is argued, based on an examination of the nature of analytic models, that because they present comprehensive, divergent conceptions of the person and of analysis, their integration in the context of clinical work, or any shifting between them, is impossible...
October 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134641/molecular-tumor-boards-realizing-precision-oncology-therapy
#12
Maulik Patel, Shumei M Kato, Razelle Kurzrock
Technological advances in high-throughput next-generation sequencing (NGS) along with advances in computational processes have brought about the dawn of the genomic medicine era. NGS has enabled molecular characterization of malignancies, and facilitated the development and approval of gene- and immune-targeted therapies, both of which impact the mutanome. Clinical implementation of this technology, approval of novel targeted agents, and establishment of molecular tumor boards has enabled precision oncology to become a reality...
November 14, 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133819/low-perceptual-sensitivity-to-altered-video-speed-in-viewing-a-soccer-match
#13
Claudio de'Sperati, Gabriel Baud Bovy
When watching videos, our sense of reality is continuously challenged. How much can a fundamental dimension of experience such as visual flow be modified before breaking the perception of real time? Here we found a remarkable indifference to speed manipulations applied to a popular video content, a soccer match. In a condition that mimicked real-life TV watching, none of 100 naïve observers spontaneously noticed speed alterations up/down to 12%, even when asked to report motion anomalies, and showed very low sensitivity to video speed changes (Just Noticeable Difference, JND = 18%)...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133481/-18-f-fluoride-imaging-and-other-plaque-seeking-diagnostic-strategies-understanding-the-reality-and-setting-the-ground-rules%C3%A2
#14
EDITORIAL
H William Strauss, Jagat Narula
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132946/an-interview-study-of-patient-and-caregiver-perspectives-on-advance-care-planning-in-esrd
#15
Marcus Sellars, Josephine M Clayton, Rachael L Morton, Tim Luckett, William Silvester, Lucy Spencer, Carol A Pollock, Rowan G Walker, Peter G Kerr, Allison Tong
BACKGROUND: Advance care planning (ACP) empowers patients to consider and communicate their current and future treatment goals. However, it can be an emotionally charged process for patients with kidney disease and their caregivers. This study aimed to describe the perspectives and attitudes of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and their caregivers toward ACP. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Patients with ESRD (n=24) and their caregivers (n=15) aged 36 to 91 years at various stages of ACP ("not commenced," "in progress," or "completed") from 3 renal services...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132753/multi-product-microalgae-biorefineries-from-concept-towards-reality
#16
REVIEW
G P 't Lam, M H Vermuë, M H M Eppink, R H Wijffels, C van den Berg
Although microalgae are a promising biobased feedstock, industrial scale production is still far off. To enhance the economic viability of large-scale microalgae processes, all biomass components need to be valorized, requiring a multi-product biorefinery. However, this concept is still too expensive. Typically, downstream processing of industrial biotechnological bulk products accounts for 20-40% of the total production costs, while for a microalgae multi-product biorefinery the costs are substantially higher (50-60%)...
November 10, 2017: Trends in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132663/-the-management-of-risks-related-to-deaths-in-geriatrics
#17
REVIEW
Christophe Béranger, Bouchaïb Moustache
Caregivers are inevitably exposed to the death of the people they care for as almost all deaths occur in a health or medical-social facility. This generates emotional situations which naturally impact on caregivers in their everyday work. The healthcare manager must take into account this reality in the management of risks related to the issue of death.
November 2017: Soins. Gérontologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132365/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-under-five-mortality-in-rural-bangladesh-evidence-from-seven-national-surveys-spreading-over-20%C3%A2-years
#18
Asiful Haidar Chowdhury, Syed Manzoor Ahmed Hanifi, Mohammad Nahid Mia, Abbas Bhuiya
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic inequality in health and mortality remains a disturbing reality across nations including Bangladesh. Inequality drew renewed attention globally. Bangladesh though made impressive progress in health, it makes an interesting case for learning. This paper examined the trends and changing pattern of socioeconomic inequalities in under-five mortality in rural Bangladesh. It also examined whether mother's education had any effect in reducing socioeconomic inequalities...
November 13, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132340/what-do-japanese-residents-learn-from-treating-dying-patients-the-implications-for-training-in-end-of-life-care
#19
Kazuko Arai, Takuya Saiki, Rintaro Imafuku, Chihiro Kawakami, Kazuhiko Fujisaki, Yasuyuki Suzuki
BACKGROUND: How medical residents' experiences with care for dying patients affect their emotional well-being, their learning outcomes, and the formation of their professional identities is not fully understood. We examine residents' emotional states and learning occurring during the provision of care to dying patients and specifically discuss the impact of providing end-of-life (EOL) care on professional identity formation. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 13 residents who had graduated in the last 3 to 5 years...
November 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132084/integrated-and-ecosystemic-approaches-for-bridging-the-gap-between-environmental-management-and-port-management
#20
Javier García-Onetti, Marinez E G Scherer, Juan Manuel Barragán
The rapid exploitation of coastal and marine ecosystemic capital is on course to reach a critical point. The difficulty of implementing Integrated and ecosystem based management models, taking into the account the great complexity of the marine socio-ecological systems, has resulted in a significant gap between theory and practice. The majority of authors emphasize difficulties in engaging and convincing private stakeholders and a number of economic sectors involved in these processes. This reticence is traditionally more pronounced in the port sector, despite their important role in the transformation of coastal and marine areas...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
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