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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545162/the-almost-unbearable-lightness-of-personality
#1
Jüri Allik
Researchers seem to believe that accepting the reality of personality traits inevitably leads to a dogma about the incredible complexity of these traits and their judgment. This paper challenges this thesis and its assertion that the accuracy of personality judgment can only be achieved when a "good target" or a "good trait" is being judged using "good information," and when a "good judge" makes the judgment. It is argued that because trait dimensions are universally applicable to all persons there is no stable ranking of good targets...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545005/the-efficacy-of-trauma-management-therapy-a-controlled-pilot-investigation-of-a-three-week-intensive-outpatient-program-for-combat-related-ptsd
#2
Deborah C Beidel, B Christopher Frueh, Sandra M Neer, Carl W Lejuez
Despite the 8-18.5% of returning Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF), Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation New Dawn (OND) veterans who are suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), few receive empirically supported treatments. Among those that do, the dropout rate is high and more than 50% retain their diagnosis after treatment. This study evaluated the efficacy of Trauma Management Therapy (TMT), delivered in a 3-week intensive outpatient (IOP) format. TMT combines virtual-reality augmented individual exposure therapy with a group intervention to address social isolation, anger, and depression...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544499/preventing-progression-from-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-to-diabetes-a-thought-filled-review
#3
REVIEW
Michal Kasher-Meron, Martin M Grajower
Women with a history of gestational diabetes (GDM) are at high risk for developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In studies with long periods of follow up, diabetes incidence of up to 70% has been reported. The appropriate follow up of women following a pregnancy complicated by GDM has not been studied. Published guidelines recommend that obstetrician/gynecologists, who are often the de facto primary care physicians for these otherwise healthy young women, make glucose monitoring in the post-partum period part of their annual examinations...
May 19, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543705/empirical-and-pragmatic-adequacy-of-grounded-theory-advancing-nurse-empowerment-theory-for-nurses-practice
#4
Sonia A Udod, Louise Racine
AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: Drawing on the findings of a grounded theory study aimed at exploring how power is exercised in nurse-manager relationships in the hospital setting, this paper examines the empirical and pragmatic adequacy of grounded theory as a methodology to advance the concept of empowerment in the area of nursing leadership and management. BACKGROUND: The evidence on staff nurse empowerment has highlighted the magnitude of individual and organizational outcomes, but has not fully explicated the micro-level processes underlying how power is exercised, shared or created within the nurse-manager relationship...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543653/ripples-what-to-expect-when-you-serve-on-a-bioethics-commission
#5
Thomas H Murray
Cloning was the issue that put the National Bioethics Advisory Commission on the map, but the first clue that NBAC would address cloning was a terse fax from the White House to each of us who served on the Commission. The fax noted that with the birth of the sheep named Dolly, mammalian cloning was now a reality, and it tasked NBAC with providing advice on the ethics of human cloning and how the nation should respond to it. We were given ninety days to report our findings. That's a very tight deadline for a report written by a committee, but we met it, and along the way, I learned important lessons...
May 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543624/areas-for-quality-improvements-in-heart-failure-care-quality-of-care-from-the-family-members-perspective
#6
Karin Hellström Ängerud, Kurt Boman, Margareta Brännström
BACKGROUND: The complex needs of people with chronic heart failure (HF) place great demands on their family members, and it is important to ask family members about their perspectives on the quality of HF care. OBJECTIVE: To describe family members' perceptions of quality of HF care in an outpatient setting. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using a short form of the Quality from Patients' Perspective (QPP) questionnaire for data collection...
May 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543552/ethical-and-practical-realities-of-using-letters-for-recruitment-in-bereavement-research
#7
Ashleigh E Butler, Helen Hall, Beverley Copnell
Recruitment of participants into bereavement research may present many challenges for the research team. At present, there is little consensus for researchers and ethics committees on the most appropriate method of recruitment. There is some evidence that participants prefer to be contacted about research studies via letters. However, recruitment involving the use of a letter can occur in a number of ways, each with ethical and practical benefits and limitations. In a study of the experiences of bereaved parents, we used letters in three ways: direct mailing from the research team with an opt-out option; permission to mail letters obtained by social workers from a hospital-based follow-up program during routine contact; and letters mailed from the hospital's PICU research nurse at the hospital with instruction on how to opt in...
May 25, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542716/improving-needle-tip-identification-during-ultrasound-guided-procedures-in-anaesthetic-practice
#8
REVIEW
H J Scholten, A Pourtaherian, N Mihajlovic, H H M Korsten, R A Bouwman
Ultrasound guidance is becoming standard practice for needle-based interventions in anaesthetic practice, such as vascular access and peripheral nerve blocks. However, difficulties in aligning the needle and the transducer can lead to incorrect identification of the needle tip, possibly damaging structures not visible on the ultrasound screen. Additional techniques specifically developed to aid alignment of needle and probe or identification of the needle tip are now available. In this scoping review, advantages and limitations of the following categories of those solutions are presented: needle guides; alterations to needle or needle tip; three- and four-dimensional ultrasound; magnetism, electromagnetic or GPS systems; optical tracking; augmented (virtual) reality; robotic assistance; and automated (computerised) needle detection...
May 22, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542584/the-emergence-and-evolution-of-the-research-fronts-in-hiv-aids-research
#9
David Fajardo-Ortiz, Malaquias Lopez-Cervantes, Luis Duran, Michel Dumontier, Miguel Lara, Hector Ochoa, Victor M Castano
In this paper, we have identified and analyzed the emergence, structure and dynamics of the paradigmatic research fronts that established the fundamentals of the biomedical knowledge on HIV/AIDS. A search of papers with the identifiers "HIV/AIDS", "Human Immunodeficiency Virus", "HIV-1" and "Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome" in the Web of Science (Thomson Reuters), was carried out. A citation network of those papers was constructed. Then, a sub-network of the papers with the highest number of inter-citations (with a minimal in-degree of 28) was selected to perform a combination of network clustering and text mining to identify the paradigmatic research fronts and analyze their dynamics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541208/image-based-models-for-specularity-propagation-in-diminished-reality
#10
Souheil Hadj Said, Mohamed Tamaazousti, Adrien Bartoli
The aim of Diminished Reality (DR) is to remove a target object in a live video stream seamlessly. In our approach, the area of the target object is replaced with new texture that blends with the rest of the image. The result is then propagated to the next frames of the video. One of the important stages of this technique is to update the target region with respect to the illumination change. This is a complex and recurrent problem when the viewpoint changes. We show that the state-of-the-art in DR fails in solving this problem, even under simple scenarios...
May 18, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541101/examining-the-links-between-hydration-nutrition-and-mouth-health
#11
Katie Humphreys, Devika Vadher, Yasmin Allen, Nikki Patel, Sam Shah
Hydration, nutrition and mouth health have historically been overlooked and considered in isolation when, in reality, they are interlinked and interdependent. Not only do these health factors greatly influence each other, but also they have a significant effect on general health and wellbeing. By viewing each of these areas in isolation, health professionals risk missing opportunities to maximise patients' health and quality of life. Collaboration between health professions will also maximise benefits to patients...
May 25, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540594/recent-progress-in-virtual-reality-exposure-therapy-for-phobias-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Cristina Botella, Javier Fernández-Álvarez, Verónica Guillén, Azucena García-Palacios, Rosa Baños
This review is designed to systematically examine the available evidence about virtual reality exposure therapy's (VRET) efficacy for phobias, critically describe some of the most important challenges in the field and discuss possible directions. Evidence reveals that virtual reality (VR) is an effective treatment for phobias and useful for studying specific issues, such as pharmacological compounds and behavioral manipulations, that can enhance treatment outcomes. In addition, some variables, such as sense of presence in virtual environments, have a significant influence on outcomes, but further research is needed to better understand their role in therapeutic outcomes...
July 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540452/can-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-use-virtual-reality-driving-simulation-training-to-evaluate-and-improve-driving-performance-an-exploratory-study
#13
Daniel J Cox, Timothy Brown, Veerle Ross, Matthew Moncrief, Rose Schmitt, Gary Gaffney, Ron Reeve
Investigate how novice drivers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) differ from experienced drivers and whether virtual reality driving simulation training (VRDST) improves ASD driving performance. 51 novice ASD drivers (mean age 17.96 years, 78% male) were randomized to routine training (RT) or one of three types of VRDST (8-12 sessions). All participants followed DMV behind-the-wheel training guidelines for earning a driver's license. Participants were assessed pre- and post-training for driving-specific executive function (EF) abilities and tactical driving skills...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540223/asian-herbals-and-aphrodisiacs-used-for-managing-ed
#14
REVIEW
Peter H C Lim
In the East, many herbal tonics and preparations are used to assist the aging male improve his sexual drive or ability to perform penetrative sex by increasing sexual stimulation, erectile, ejaculatory, orgasmic and other responses for sexual function and satisfaction. The herbs and tonics act as or as "pick-me-ups" and energizing tonics which help the tired and fatigued male and those with sexual asthenia. The myths and realities concerning Tongkat Ali, sea horse, cobra meat and blood, animal penises and testicles amongst many other herbs and portions for oral intake or local application used by traditional "medical" practitioners and village doctors will be discussed...
April 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540125/project-heaven-preoperative-training-in-virtual-reality
#15
Kiratipath Iamsakul, Alexander V Pavlovcik, Jesus I Calderon, Lance M Sanderson
A cephalosomatic anastomosis (CSA; also called HEAVEN: head anastomosis venture) has been proposed as an option for patients with neurological impairments, such as spinal cord injury (SCI), and terminal medical illnesses, for which medicine is currently powerless. Protocols to prepare a patient for life after CSA do not currently exist. However, methods used in conventional neurorehabilitation can be used as a reference for developing preparatory training. Studies on virtual reality (VR) technologies have documented VR's ability to enhance rehabilitation and improve the quality of recovery in patients with neurological disabilities...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539139/relaxation-with-immersive-natural-scenes-presented-using-virtual-reality
#16
Allison P Anderson, Michael D Mayer, Abigail M Fellows, Devin R Cowan, Mark T Hegel, Jay C Buckey
INTRODUCTION: Virtual reality (VR) can provide exposure to nature for those living in isolated confined environments. We evaluated VR-presented natural settings for reducing stress and improving mood. METHODS: There were 18 participants (9 men, 9 women), ages 32 ± 12 yr, who viewed three 15-min 360° scenes (an indoor control, rural Ireland, and remote beaches). Subjects were mentally stressed with arithmetic before scenes. Electrodermal activity (EDA) and heart rate variability measured psycho-physiological arousal...
June 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538810/factors-associated-with-smoking-initiation-among-school-aged-adolescents
#17
Carolina de Castilhos Teixeira, Luciano Santos Pinto Guimarães, Isabel Cristina Echer
Objective: To identify factors associated with smoking initiation in adolescent secondary school students. Method: This is a cross-sectional study conducted in 2014 with 864 adolescents at a secondary school in southern Brazil. Data were collected using an instrument with sociodemographic questions, application of the Fagerström Nicotine Dependence Scale, and Beck Depression Inventory, and analysed using descriptive statistics, Fisher's Exact test, Chi-square test, Mann-Whitney's test, and the Poisson Regression test...
May 18, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537779/simulation-model-for-laparoscopic-foregut-surgery-the-university-of-north-carolina-foregut-model
#18
Francisco Schlottmann, Neal S Murty, Marco G Patti
BACKGROUND: A significant gap presently exists between box-lap and virtual-reality simulators and live surgery. Live animal and cadaver use has significant downsides. We have developed a high fidelity, real tissue simulator that allows training in laparoscopic foregut operations. METHODS: Our foregut surgery model is based on porcine tissue blocks that include lungs, heart, aorta, esophagus, diaphragm, stomach, duodenum, liver, and spleen. The tissue block is mounted in a human mannequin and perfused with artificial blood...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535847/perceptions-of-pain-injury-and-transition-retirement-the-experiences-of-professional-dancers
#19
Carly Harrison, Mandy Ruddock-Hudson
Dancers are often referred to as "athletes of the arts," and like other athletes they undergo years of hard physical training in pursuit of excellence. Previous research has indicated that dancers develop high pain thresholds and push past their pain barriers. This has potential implications for their health and wellbeing in both their professional careers and life after dance. Therefore, the purpose of this pilot study was to explore the perceptions and experiences of injury, pain, and retirement among professional dancers...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535130/home-manufacture-of-drugs-an-online-investigation-and-a-toxicological-reality-check-of-online-discussions-on-drug-chemistry
#20
Evelyn Hearne, Emanuele Amorim Alves, Marie Claire Van Hout, Jean-Paul C Grund
Emerging trends in market dynamics and the use of new psychoactive substances are both a public health concern and a complex regulatory issue. One novel area of investigation is the availability of homemade opioids, amphetamines and dissociatives, and the potential fueling of interest in clandestine home manufacture of drugs via the Internet. We illustrate here how online communal folk pharmacology of homemade drugs on drug website forums may actually inform home manufacture practices or contribute to the reduction of harms associated with this practice...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
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