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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102087/relationship-quality-of-persons-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-syndrome
#1
Francesco Tramonti, Michelangelo Maestri, Luca Carnicelli, Giulia Fava, Valentina Lombardi, Martina Rossi, Monica Fabbrini, Elisa Di Coscio, Elena Iacopini, Enrica Bonanni
In the field of sleep disorders, the quality of couple relationship is arousing increasing attention, given its implications for quality of life and treatment adherence. The aim of the present study was to evaluate relationship quality in a sample of treated or untreated patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Syndrome. Eighty-seven patients were recruited in a hospital-based Centre for Sleep Medicine. Subjects were administered the Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS) to evaluate relationship quality, and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS)...
January 19, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101479/excessive-daytime-sleepiness-and-sleep-disorders-in-a-population-of-patients-with-epilepsy-a-case-control-study
#2
Matilde Gammino, Leila Zummo, Anna Lo Bue, Lidia Urso, Valeria Terruso, Oreste Marrone, Brigida Fierro, Ornella Daniele
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There are several primary causes for excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and sleep disorders in patients with epilepsy. Up to now, studies in the literature report conflicting data in terms of both prevalence and aetiology. The aim of our study was therefore to evaluate the prevalence of EDS and some sleep disorders in a population of patients with epilepsy treated with no more than two antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). We also investigated the role of the depression of mood as a variable that can negatively affect EDS...
December 2016: Journal of Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100362/-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-with-dilated-cardiomyopathy-leading-to-pulmonary-hypertension-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
R K Chen, C Hong, Y M Zhou, A L Kuang, Y T Zhang, S M Qing, C L Liu, N F Zhang
Objective: To study the relationship between dilated cardiomyopathy and obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) and to evaluate the curative effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in OSAHS complicated with dilated cardiomyopathy. Methods: We reported one case with the symptom of exertional dyspnea for 1 year and aggravating for 1 month. The patient finally was diagnosed with severe OSAHS complicated with dilated cardiomyopathy leading to pulmonary hypertension. A systematic literature review was performed for similar published cases in Pubmed, Wanfang and CNKI database, using the keywords (obstructive sleep apnea) OR(OSA) OR(OSAHS) AND(dilated cardiomyopathy OR DCM)from January 1990 to May 2016...
January 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099139/quantitative-eeg-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-a-review-of-the-literature
#4
Szilvia Puskás, Norbert Kozák, Dóra Sulina, László Csiba, Mária Tünde Magyar
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is characterized by the recurrent cessation (apnea) or reduction (hypopnea) of airflow due to the partial or complete upper airway collapse during sleep. Respiratory disturbances causing sleep fragmentation and repetitive nocturnal hypoxia are responsible for a variety of nocturnal and daytime complaints of sleep apnea patients, such as snoring, daytime sleepiness, fatigue, or impaired cognitive functions. Different techniques, such as magnetic resonance imaging, magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and positron emission tomography, are used to evaluate the structural and functional changes in OSAS patients...
January 18, 2017: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098495/psychometric-characteristics-of-the-insomnia-severity-index-in-veterans-with-history-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#5
Christopher N Kaufmann, Henry J Orff, Raeanne C Moore, Lisa Delano-Wood, Colin A Depp, Dawn M Schiehser
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: The Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) is a widely used self-report measure of insomnia symptoms. However, to date this measure has not been validated or well-characterized in veterans who have experienced traumatic brain injury (TBI). This study assessed the psychometric properties and convergent, divergent, construct, and discriminate validity of the ISI in veterans with a history of TBI. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-three veterans with history of TBI were seen in the VA San Diego Healthcare System as part of a research protocol...
January 18, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097529/sleep-knowledge-and-behaviors-in-medical-students-results-of-a-single-center-survey
#6
Navid Ahmed, Mohammad Sadat, Daniel Cukor
OBJECTIVE: There is little known about the demands of medical school on students' sleep behavior. The study's main goal was to examine the interplay between medical students' sleep knowledge, personal attitudes towards sleep, and their sleep habits. METHODS: An anonymous online survey was created and emailed to all students enrolled at a large metropolitan medical school. Data on demographics, sleep perception, and habits in addition to self-reported measures of students' sleep knowledge, beliefs, and sleepiness were collected...
January 17, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095973/impact-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-its-treatments-on-partners-a-literature-review
#7
Faith S Luyster
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Many adults sleep with a significant other; thus, sleep disorder symptoms and treatments of one partner are likely to impact the other partner's health. A literature review was conducted to examine the impact of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and OSA treatments on partner-assessed sleep and daytime functioning and partner involvement in OSA treatment. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CINAHL searches yielded 38 pertinent quantitative and qualitative studies that described sleep and/or daytime functioning assessed in partners of patients with untreated OSA, sleep and/or daytime functioning assessed in partners who were referred for OSA treatment, including continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy, oral appliance (OA), or surgery, and/or associations between partner involvement and OSA treatment use...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095971/associations-of-undiagnosed-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-excessive-daytime-sleepiness-with-depression-an-australian-population-study
#8
Carol J Lang, Sarah L Appleton, Andrew Vakulin, R Doug McEvoy, Andrew D Vincent, Gary A Wittert, Sean A Martin, Janet F Grant, Anne W Taylor, Nicholas Antic, Peter G Catcheside, Robert J Adams
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine whether undiagnosed obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and/or excessive daytime sleepiness are associated with symptomatic depression in Australian men. METHODS: Participants were randomly selected, urban community dwelling men aged 40 to 88 y without a prior diagnosis of OSA. Clinically significant depressive symptoms were assessed using the Beck Depression Inventory-1A or Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (2007-2010)...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094430/comparison-of-sleep-quality-and-sleepiness-in-patients-operated-for-pituitary-adenoma-and-in-healthy-individuals
#9
Nail Caglar Temiz, Yunus Kacar, Royal Mehdiyev, Mehmet Can Ezgu, Omer Karakoc
AIM: To investigate whether sleep quality and sleepiness of patients who undergo surgery for pituitary adenomas differ from healthy individuals. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-four patients who were operated for pituitary adenomas and 44 healthy individuals, 88 people in total, were evaluated by a questionnaire. All questionnaires and scales were made by the same researcher without the name of the participant in order to maintain consistency. Statistical analyzes were done with SPSS for Windows 23...
December 14, 2016: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093033/the-functional-impact-of-sleep-disorders-in-children-with-adhd
#10
Stephanie G Craig, Margaret D Weiss, Kristen L Hudec, Christopher Gibbons
OBJECTIVE: Children with ADHD display higher rates of sleep problems, and both sleep disorders and ADHD have been shown to affect functioning in childhood. The current study examines the frequency and relationship between sleep problems and ADHD, and their impact on quality of life (QoL) and functional impairment. METHOD: Parents of 192 children with ADHD ( M = 10.23 years) completed measures regarding their child's ADHD symptoms (Swanson, Nolan and Pelham [SNAP]), sleep disorders (Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire [PSQ]), QoL (Child Health Illness Profile [CHIP-PE]), and functioning (Weiss Functional Impairment Rating Scale-Parent Report [WFIRS-P])...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093029/low-doses-of-mirtazapine-or-quetiapine-for-transient-insomnia-a-randomised-double-blind-cross-over-placebo-controlled-trial
#11
Julie Karsten, Loes A Hagenauw, Jeanine Kamphuis, Marike Lancel
Low doses of the antidepressant mirtazapine or the neuroleptic quetiapine are often prescribed off-label for insomnia. However, studies on the effects on sleep and hangover effects the following day are scarce. In this randomised, double-blind, cross-over, placebo-controlled trial, the influence of 7.5 mg mirtazapine and 50 mg quetiapine on both normal sleep and sleep disturbed by acoustic stress (traffic noise) as a model for transient insomnia was assessed. Additionally, hangover effects on next-day alertness and cognitive functioning were examined...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089981/sleep-disturbances-and-neurobehavioral-performance-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#12
Teresa M Ward, Dean W Beebe, Maida Lynn Chen, Carol A Landis, Sarah Ringold, Ken Pike, Carol A Wallace
OBJECTIVE: To examine the extent of polysomnographic (PSG) sleep disturbances [obstructive apnea hypopnea index (OAHI), number of wake bouts, arousals, periodic limb movements] and the effect of OAHI on neurobehavioral performance in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), JIA without OSA, and controls without OSA, adjusting for intelligence quotient (IQ), pain, medications, daytime sleepiness, and wake bouts. METHODS: Children 6-11 years, 68 with JIA and 67 controls, underwent 1 night of PSG and completed self-reported daytime sleepiness surveys, multiple sleep latency tests for physiological sleepiness, and neurobehavioral performance tests the next day...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087845/waking-eeg-cortical-markers-of-chronic-pain-and-sleepiness
#13
Danny Camfferman, G Lorimer Moseley, Kevin Gertz, Mark W Pettet, Mark P Jensen
OBJECTIVE: Spectral power analyses of EEG recordings are reported to distinguish the cortical activity of individuals with chronic pain from those of controls. Further study of these spectral patterns may provide a greater understanding of the processes associated with chronic pain, in addition to providing potential biometric markers of chronic pain for use in both clinical and research settings. However, sleep deprived groups have demonstrated similar characteristics in their spectral power characteristics, particularly in alpha bandwidth power activity...
January 13, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087546/association-between-insomnia-symptoms-job-strain-and-burnout-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-1300-financial-workers
#14
Arnaud Metlaine, Fabien Sauvet, Danielle Gomez-Merino, Maxime Elbaz, Jean Yves Delafosse, Damien Leger, Mounir Chennaoui
OBJECTIVES: Professional burnout is closely related to work stress but less frequently associated with disturbed sleep. This study determines whether job strain and sleep disturbances are associated risk factors of burnout among financial workers. DESIGN: Observational study. PARTICIPANTS: 1300 employees (725 female) of a financial company. PRIMARY MEASURES: Self-reported questionnaires (Maslach Burnout Inventory, Job Content Questionnaire, Sleep questionnaire based on ICSD-3 classification), the Epworth sleepiness scale and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079611/it-is-just-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder%C3%A2-or-is-it
#15
Dana C Won, Christian Guilleminault, Peter J Koltai, Stacey D Quo, Martin T Stein, Irene M Loe
Carly is a 5-year-old girl who presents for an interdisciplinary evaluation due to behaviors at school and home suggestive of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Parent report of preschool teacher concerns was consistent with ADHD. Psychological testing showed verbal, visual-spatial, and fluid reasoning IQ scores in the average range; processing speed and working memory were below average. Carly's behavior improved when her mother left the room, and she was attentive during testing with a psychologist...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077269/association-of-an-individual-s-ability-to-overcome-desire-to-fall-asleep-with-a-higher-anterior-posterior-gradient-in-electroencephalographic-indexes-of-sleep-pressure
#16
Arcady A Putilov, Olga G Donskaya
Individual differences in ability to overcome desire to fall asleep cannot be accurately predicted from subjective and objective measurements of sleepiness level. Previously, we showed that an exponential buildup of sleep pressure during prolonged wakefulness can be accurately traced with electroencephalographic (EEG) indexes, such as Spectral Sleep Pressure Component (SSPC) score and score on the 2nd principal component (2PC) of the EEG spectrum. The anterior-posterior gradients in SSPC and 2PC scores were calculated as the differences between frontal and occipital scores and examined as possible correlates of individual's ability to overcome desire of falling asleep...
January 7, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073822/obstructive-sleep-apnoea-and-quality-of-life-in-ehlers-danlos-syndrome-a-parallel-cohort-study
#17
Thomas Gaisl, Cecilia Giunta, Daniel J Bratton, Kate Sutherland, Christian Schlatzer, Noriane Sievi, Daniel Franzen, Peter A Cistulli, Marianne Rohrbach, Malcolm Kohler
BACKGROUND: Patients with the connective tissue disorder Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) often suffer from fatigue, excessive daytime sleepiness and impaired quality of life. Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) may be an underlying cause for these symptoms but its prevalence in this population is unclear. METHODS: In this prospective parallel-cohort study, we included 100 adult patients with EDS (46% hypermobile-type, 35% classical-type and 19% other), which were one-to-one matched to 100 healthy adult controls according to sex, age, weight and height...
January 10, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072702/hypersomnia-due-to-injury-of-the-ventral-ascending-reticular-activating-system-following-cerebellar-herniation-a-case-report
#18
Sung Ho Jang, Chul Hoon Chang, Young Jin Jung, Hyeok Gyu Kwon
RATIONALE: We report on a patient with hypersomnia who showed injury of the lower ascending reticular activating system (ARAS) following cerebellar herniation due to a cerebellar infarct, detected on diffusion tensor tractography (DTT). PATIENT CONCERNS: A 53-year-old male patient was diagnosed as a left cerebellar infarct, and underwent decompressive suboccipital craniectomy due to brain edema at 2 days after the onset of a cerebellar infarct. Three weeks after onset when the patient started rehabilitation, he showed hypersomnia without impairment of consciousness; he fell asleep most of daytime without external stimulation and showed an abnormal score on the Epworth Sleepiness Scale: 15 (full score: 24, cut off for hypersomnia: 10)...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070704/sleep-disturbances-in-patients-of-liver-cirrhosis-with-minimal-hepatic-encephalopathy-before-and-after-lactulose-therapy
#19
Jatinderpal Singh, Barjesh Chander Sharma, Vinod Puri, Sanjeev Sachdeva, Siddharth Srivastava
Sleep disturbances are common in patients of cirrhosis with minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) and affect health related quality of life (HRQOL). No study has evaluated effect of lactulose on sleep disturbances and correlation with HRQOL in patients with MHE. We assessed sleep disturbances in cirrhosis with MHE and effect of lactulose on sleep disturbances and HRQOL. One hundred patients of cirrhosis [MHE; (n = 50, age 45.3 ± 11.2 years, 45 males) no-MHE (n = 50, age 46.3 ± 10.4 years, 44 males)] were included...
January 9, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069528/personal-and-professional-well-being-of-surgical-residents-in-new-england
#20
Peter S Yoo, John J Tackett, Mark W Maxfield, Rosemarie Fisher, Stephen J Huot, Walter E Longo
BACKGROUND: Although there is increasing literature about burnout and attrition among surgeons, little is known about personal and professional well-being of surgical trainees. STUDY DESIGN: General surgery residents from the six New England states participated in a cross-sectional, qualitative, self-reported survey to assess the domains of personal health maintenance, personal finance, work environment, and fatigue management as they relate to surgical training...
January 6, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
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