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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938479/pulmonary-function-and-sleep-breathing-two-new-targets-for-type-2-diabetes-care
#1
Albert Lecube, Rafael Simó, Maria Pallayova, Naresh M Punjabi, Carolina López-Cano, Cecilia Turino, Cristina Hernández, Ferran Barbé
Population based studies showing the negative impact of type 2 diabetes (T2D) on lung function are overviewed. Among the well-recognized pathophysiological mechanisms, the metabolic pathways related to insulin resistance, low-grade chronic inflammation, leptin resistance, microvascular damage, and autonomic neuropathy are emphasized. Histopathological changes are exposed, and findings reported from experimental models are clearly differentiated from those described in humans. The accelerated decline in pulmonary function that appears in patients with cystic fibrosis with related abnormalities of glucose tolerance and diabetes is considered as an example to further investigate the relationship between T2D and the lung...
September 4, 2017: Endocrine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937071/insomnia-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-multicenter-study-from-morocco
#2
Mohamed Amine Hamzi, Kawtar Hassani, Mohamed Asseraji, Driss El Kabbaj
Previous studies have shown that insomnia is a common sleep disorder in patients with end-stage renal disease. This study aims to determine the prevalence and risk factors of insomnia in our chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients. This is a cross-sectional study conducted in three HD units in Morocco. To assess the prevalence of insomnia, we used a specific questionnaire. Patients complaining of difficulty in falling asleep and/or nocturnal awakenings occurring seven nights a week during the last month were included in the group "insomnia;" the other patients were used as controls...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935191/circadian-rhythm-and-autonomic-dysfunction-in-presymptomatic-and-early-huntington-s-disease
#3
Elena Bellosta Diago, Jesús Pérez Pérez, Sonia Santos Lasaosa, Alejandro Viloria Alebesque, Saül Martínez Horta, Jaime Kulisevsky, Javier López Del Val
INTRODUCTION: Sleep and circadian rhythm disturbances are common in patients with neurodegenerative diseases such as Huntington's disease (HD). The aim of this study was to evaluate variability in circadian blood pressure (BP) to determine the association between abnormal circadian BP and sleep quality in patients with HD. METHODS: Cross-sectional, multicenter study of 38 HD mutation carriers (23 premanifest and 15 early stage patients) who were compared to 38 age- and sex-matched controls...
September 15, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934719/exposure-to-road-railway-and-aircraft-noise-and-arterial-stiffness-in-the-sapaldia-study-annual-average-noise-levels-and-temporal-noise-characteristics
#4
Maria Foraster, Ikenna C Eze, Emmanuel Schaffner, Danielle Vienneau, Harris Héritier, Simon Endes, Franziska Rudzik, Laurie Thiesse, Reto Pieren, Christian Schindler, Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss, Mark Brink, Christian Cajochen, Jean Marc Wunderli, Martin Röösli, Nicole Probst-Hensch
BACKGROUND: The impact of different transportation noise sources and noise environments on arterial stiffness remains unknown. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the association between residential outdoor exposure to annual average road, railway, and aircraft noise levels, total noise intermittency (IR), and total number of noise events (NE) and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) following a cross-sectional design. METHODS: We measured baPWV (meters/second) in 2,775 participants (49-81 y old) at the second follow-up (2010-2011) of the Swiss Cohort Study on Air Pollution and Lung and Heart Diseases in Adults (SAPALDIA)...
September 7, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934531/feasibility-and-emotional-impact-of-experimentally-extending-sleep-in-short-sleeping-adolescents
#5
Tori R Van Dyk, Nanhua Zhang, Perry A Catlin, Kaylin Cornist, Shealan McAlister, Catharine Whitacre, Dean W Beebe
Study Objectives: Published experimental sleep manipulation protocols for adolescents have been limited to the summer, limiting causal conclusions about how short sleep affects them on school nights, when they are most likely to restrict their sleep. This study assesses the feasibility and emotional impact of a school-night sleep manipulation protocol to test the effects of lengthening sleep in habitually short-sleeping adolescents. Methods: High school students aged 14-18 years who habitually slept 5-7 hours on school nights participated in a 5-week experimental sleep manipulation protocol...
September 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934525/short-daytime-naps-briefly-attenuate-objectively-measured-sleepiness-under-chronic-sleep-restriction
#6
Jared M Saletin, Cassie J Hilditch, William C Dement, Mary A Carskadon
Study Objectives: Napping is a useful countermeasure to the negative effects of acute sleep loss on alertness. The efficacy of naps to recover from chronic sleep loss is less well understood. Methods: Following 2 baseline nights (10 hours' time-in-bed), participants were restricted to 7 nights of 5-hour sleep opportunity. Ten adults participated in the No-Nap condition, and a further 9 were assigned to a Nap condition with a daily 45-minute nap opportunity at 1300 h...
September 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934524/associations-of-sleep-duration-and-disturbances-with-hypertension-in-metropolitan-cities-of-delhi-chennai-and-karachi-in-south-asia-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-carrs-study
#7
Roopa Shivashankar, Dimple Kondal, Mohammed K Ali, Ruby Gupta, Rajendra Pradeepa, Viswanathan Mohan, Muhammad Masood Kadir, K M Venkat Narayan, Nikhil Tandon, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Anne Peasey
Objectives: Sleep duration and disturbances may be risk factors for hypertension. Despite the high burden of hypertension in South Asia, little is known about this relationship in this region. Methods: We analyzed population-level cross-sectional data from the Centre for Cardiometabolic Risk Reduction in South Asia (CARRS) study that recruited representative samples of adults ≥ 20 years from three cities-Delhi, Chennai (India), and Karachi (Pakistan) during 2010-2011...
September 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930088/comparison-of-pcr-methods-for-the-detection-of-genetic-variants-of-carp-edema-virus
#8
Mikolaj Adamek, Marek Matras, Verena Jung-Schroers, Felix Teitge, Max Heling, Sven M Bergmann, Michal Reichert, Keith Way, David M Stone, Dieter Steinhagen
The infection of common carp and its ornamental variety, koi, with the carp edema virus (CEV) is often associated with the occurrence of a clinical disease called 'koi sleepy disease'. The disease may lead to high mortality in both koi and common carp populations. To prevent further spread of the infection and the disease, a reliable detection method for this virus is required. However, the high genetic variability of the CEV p4a gene used for PCR-based diagnostics could be a serious obstacle for successful and reliable detection of virus infection in field samples...
September 20, 2017: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929538/person-directed-nonpharmacological-interventions-for-sleepiness-at-work-and-sleep-disturbances-caused-by-shift-work
#9
Danette Y Wall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929061/drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy-as-a-selection-tool-for-surgical-management-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-syndrome-our-personal-experience
#10
M B Bharathi, J Rajendra Prasad, K Satish
The role of Drug-induced sleep endoscopy as a selection tool for surgical management of obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome. SOURCE OF DATA: Polysomnography proved OSA patients, who are planned for surgery in dept. of ENT AND HEAD& NECK, JSS Hospital, Mysore. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective clinical study. METHOD: 30 Polysomnography proved OSA patients, age between 20 and 60 years have been selected for Drug Induced Sleep Endoscopy (DISE) after taking informed consent for proposed surgery...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928050/predictors-of-onset-of-psychosis-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-who-gets-it-early
#11
Abhishek Lenka, Lija George, Shyam Sundar Arumugham, Shantala Hegde, Venkateswara Reddy, Nitish Kamble, Ravi Yadav, Pramod Kumar Pal
INTRODUCTION: Psychosis is one of the common non-motor symptoms of PD, which substantially worsens the quality of life. Hence, it is important to identify factors that are associated with early onset of psychosis in PD. In order to identify those factors, the current study aims to compare various demographic and clinical features of PD patients with early and late onset psychosis. METHODOLOGY: In this prospective case-control study, 51 consecutive patients with PD having psychosis (PDP) were recruited...
September 14, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927491/effectiveness-of-intranasal-sodium-hyaluronate-in-mitigating-adverse-effects-of-nasal-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-therapy
#12
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in moderate-to-severe cases of obstructive sleep apnea cancause nasal discomfort and other undesirable problems. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to test the effects of sodium hyaluronate on nasal problems that patients experienced in their daily lives, sleepiness, nasal resistance to airflow, nasal mucociliary clearance, changes in inflammatory markers, and compliance to CPAP in three groups of patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome on CPAP therapy...
September 19, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926325/-epidemiology-of-internet-use-by-an-adolescent-population-and-its-relation-with-sleep-habits
#13
Carla Ferreira, Helena Ferreira, Maria João Vieira, Mónica Costeira, Liliana Branco, Ângela Dias, Liliana Macedo
INTRODUCTION: In the last decades, the great technological development increased Internet popularity, emerging the concern about its overuse. The objectives of this study were to assess and characterize Internet use in adolescence, determine Internet addiction and clarify its association with sleep disorders and excessive daytime sleepiness. MATERIAL AND METHODS: It was performed an observational, cross sectional and community-based study. The target were students attending 7th and 8th grades, to whom was applied an online self-report questionnaire to assess sociodemographic features, Internet use, Internet dependence, sleep characteristics and excessive daytime sleepiness...
August 31, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926205/prevalence-and-correlates-of-sleep-disturbance-among-older-women-in-vietnam
#14
Tiet-Hanh Dao-Tran, Charrlotte Seib
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore prevalence and correlates of sleep disturbance among women aged 60 and over in Vietnam. BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance can negatively influence human's health. Sleep disturbance is likely to increase with age, and women appear to be more likely to experience sleep disturbance than men. Knowledge about sleep disturbance in women aged 60 and over in Vietnam is under-researched. DESIGN: The study presents results from a cross-sectional survey of 440 women aged 60 and over from 16 rural and urban suburbs in Vietnam from 8/2014 to 1/2015...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926159/randomized-controlled-feasibility-trial-of-intranasal-ketamine-compared-to-intranasal-fentanyl-for-analgesia-in-children-with-suspected-extremity-fractures
#15
Stacy L Reynolds, Kathleen K Bryant, Jonathan R Studnek, Melanie Hogg, Connell Dunn, Megan A Templin, Charity G Moore, James R Young, Katherine Rivera Walker, Michael S Runyon
OBJECTIVE: We compared the tolerability and efficacy of intranasal sub-dissociative ketamine to intranasal fentanyl for analgesia of children with acute traumatic pain and investigated the feasibility of a larger non-inferiority trial that could investigate the potential opioid sparing effects of intranasal ketamine. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial compared intranasal ketamine 1 mg/kg to intranasal fentanyl 1.5 μg/kg in children 4-17 years old with acute pain from suspected, isolated extremity fractures presenting to an urban level II pediatric trauma center from December 2015 to November 2016...
September 19, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923780/effect-of-cpap-on-sleep-spindles-in-patients-with-osa
#16
Ozkan Yetkin, Deniz Aydoagn
OBJECTIVE: Consequences of OSAS include excessive daytime sleepiness, divided sleep architecture, impaired neurocognitive performance, and significant psychosocial disruption. In this study we aimed to evaluate sleep spindles changes before and after PAP treatment in patient with OSA. METHODS: Seventy-three consecutive patients (M/F:61/12) who applied to Sleep Disorders Center of Inonu University Hospital and met the inclusion criteria were enrolled to this study...
September 15, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923192/sickness-absenteeism-is-associated-with-sleep-problems-independent-of-sleep-disorders-results-of-the-2016-sleep-health-foundation-national-survey
#17
Amy C Reynolds, Sarah L Appleton, Tiffany K Gill, Anne W Taylor, R Douglas McEvoy, Sally A Ferguson, Robert J Adams
INTRODUCTION: Sleep disorders are associated with sickness absenteeism (SA), at significant economic cost. Correlates of absenteeism are less well described in nonclinical samples. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: We determined the relationship between markers of inadequate sleep and SA in a sample of 551 working adults aged ≥18 years across Australia. We considered diagnosed obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and insomnia symptoms, daytime symptoms, and sleepiness with respect to sickness absenteeism (missing ≥1 day of work in the past 28 days because of problems with physical or mental health)...
October 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923189/gender-differences-in-sleep-disorders-in-the-us-military
#18
Shannon N Foster, Shana L Hansen, Dale C Capener, Panagiotis Matsangas, Vincent Mysliwiec
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to compare sleep disorders between male and female military personnel. Comorbid behavioral health disorders and chronic pain were also studied in relation to sleep disorders. DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective review of military personnel who underwent a sleep medicine evaluation and an in-laboratory attended polysomnography. Initial sleep questionnaires, demographics, polysomnographic variables, and comorbid disorders of interest were reviewed and compared for each sex...
October 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923022/the-association-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-with-left-ventricular-remodeling-in-cad-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Audrius Alonderis, Nijole Raskauskiene, Vaidute Gelziniene, Narseta Mickuviene, Julija Brozaitiene
BACKGROUND: There is still insufficient knowledge on the potential effect of mild to moderate sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) that is widely prevalent, often asymptomatic, and largely undiagnosed in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). SDB affects 34% of men and 17% of women aged between 30 and 70. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between SDB and left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy as well as structural remodeling in stable CAD patients. METHODS: The study was based on a cross-sectional design...
September 18, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922019/sleep-problems-and-daytime-sleepiness-in-children-with-adhd-associations-with-social-emotional-and-behavioural-functioning-at-school-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Isabelle Lucas, Melissa Mulraney, Emma Sciberras
BACKGROUND: Sleep problems and daytime sleepiness are common in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and are associated with poor parent-reported functional outcomes. However, the potential impact of sleep problems and/or daytime sleepiness on the school functioning of children with ADHD remains unknown. We aimed to determine if sleep problems and daytime sleepiness were associated with the social, emotional and behavioural school-based functioning of children with ADHD and comorbid sleep problems...
September 18, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
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