keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sleepy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166462/effects-of-an-alternating-work-shift-on-air-traffic-controllers-and-the-relationship-with-excessive-daytime-sleepiness-and-stress
#1
Ângela M Freitas, Mirna Wetters Portuguez, Thaís Russomano, Marcos de Freitas, Silvio Luis da Silva Silvello, Jaderson Costa da Costa
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate symptoms of stress and excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) in air traffic control (ATC) officers in Brazil. METHODS: Fifty-two ATC officers participated, based at three air traffic control units, identified as A, B and C. Stress symptoms were assessed using the Lipp Inventory of Stress Symptoms for Adults, and EDS by the Epworth Sleepiness Scale. RESULTS: The sample mean age was 37 years, 76.9% of whom were male. Excessive daytime sleepiness was identified in 25% of the ATC officers, with 84...
October 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165696/which-sleep-health-characteristics-predict-all-cause-mortality-in-older-men-an-application-of-flexible-multivariable-approaches
#2
Meredith L Wallace, Katie Stone, Stephen F Smagula, Martica H Hall, Burcin Simsek, Deborah M Kado, Susan Redline, Tien N Vo, Daniel J Buysse
Objectives: Sleep is multidimensional, with domains including duration, timing, continuity, regularity, rhythmicity, quality, and sleepiness/alertness. Individual sleep characteristics representing these domains are known to predict health outcomes. However, most studies consider sleep characteristics in isolation, resulting in an incomplete understanding of which sleep characteristics are the strongest predictors of health outcomes. We applied three multivariable approaches to robustly determine which sleep characteristics increase mortality risk in the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men Sleep study...
November 20, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164796/the-effect-of-daylight-versus-darkness-on-driver-sleepiness-a-driving-simulator-study
#3
Christer Ahlström, Anna Anund, Carina Fors, Torbjörn Åkerstedt
Driver sleepiness studies are often carried out with alert drivers during daytime and sleep-deprived drivers during night-time. This design results in a mixture of different factors (e.g. circadian effects, homeostatic effects, light conditions) that may confound the results. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of light conditions on driver sleepiness. Thirty young male drivers (23.6 ± 1.7 years old) participated in a driving simulator experiment where they drove on a rural road. A 2 × 2 design was used with the conditions daylight versus darkness, and daytime (full sleep) versus night-time (sleep deprived)...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161673/reduced-resting-state-thalamostriatal-functional-connectivity-is-associated-with-excessive-daytime-sleepiness-in-persons-with-and-without-depressive-disorders
#4
David T Plante, Rasmus M Birn, Erin C Walsh, Roxanne M Hoks, M Daniela Cornejo, Heather C Abercrombie
BACKGROUND: Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) is a common and significant problem encountered in affective illness, however, the biological underpinnings of EDS in persons with psychiatric disorders are not clear. This study evaluated the associations between thalamic connectivity with cortical and subcortical brain regions with EDS in persons with and without depressive disorders (DD). METHODS: Resting-state functional connectivity magnetic resonance imaging scans from 67 unmedicated young to middle-aged women with current DD (n = 30), remitted DD (n = 13), and healthy controls (n = 24) were utilized to examine the associations between thalamic connectivity with cortical/subcortical structures and EDS...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160010/effects-of-a-short-midday-nap-on-habitual-nappers-alertness-mood-and-mental-performance-across-cognitive-domains
#5
Taotao Ru, Qingwei Chen, Jianing You, Guofu Zhou
This study examines whether the benefits of a short midday nap on habitual nappers' mental performance depend on the cognitive domain and the task difficulty. Eighteen healthy college students with the long-term habit of a midday nap (13:00-14:00 hours) participated in a nap-deprivation study. On two separate days with at least 3 days in between, participants either took a nap or remained awake, and were subsequently tested on a simple sustained attention task (Psychomotor Vigilance Test), two more complex attention tasks (Go/No-Go and Flanker task) and one working memory task (2-back)...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159907/the-ability-to-self-monitor-cognitive-performance-during-60%C3%A2-h-total-sleep-deprivation-and-following-2%C3%A2-nights-recovery-sleep
#6
Johanna M Boardman, Bei Bei, Alix Mellor, Clare Anderson, Tracey L Sletten, Sean P A Drummond
We aimed to investigate whether self-monitoring of performance is altered during 60 h of total sleep deprivation, following 2 nights of recovery sleep, and by task difficulty and/or subjective sleepiness. Forty adults (22 females, aged 19-39 years) underwent a 5-day protocol, with a well-rested day, 66 h total sleep deprivation (last test session at 60 h), and 2 nights of 8 h recovery sleep. An arithmetic task (MATH) with three difficulty levels assessed working memory. The Psychomotor Vigilance Task assessed sustained attention...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157640/early-to-bed-early-to-rise-sleep-perceptions-patterns-and-related-behaviors-in-ultra-orthodox-jewish-adolescents-in-israel
#7
Hila Vidal, Tamar Shochat
OBJECTIVES: Studies have described biological and environmental mechanisms underlying adolescent sleep, yet the role of culture has received little attention. Ultra-orthodox (Haredi) Judaism adheres to a traditional lifestyle. To examine how culture and lifestyle are associated with sleep, this study compared sleep perceptions, habits, and patterns and related daytime behaviors among ultra-orthodox and secular Jewish adolescents. METHODS: A sample of 178 healthy adolescents (116 ultra-orthodox, 77 males, ages 13-17) gathered via snowball sampling completed the School Sleep Habits Survey to assess sleep perceptions, habits, patterns (timing and duration), and related behaviors (sleepiness, mood, sleep-problem behaviors)...
December 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157637/a-quasi-experimental-study-of-the-impact-of-school-start-time-changes-on-adolescent-sleep
#8
Judith A Owens, Tracy Dearth-Wesley, Allison N Herman, J Michael Oakes, Robert C Whitaker
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether simultaneous school start time changes (delay for some schools; advance for others) impact adolescents' sleep. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental study using cross-sectional surveys before and after changes to school start times in September 2015. SETTING: Eight middle (grades 7-8), 3 secondary (grades 7-12), and 8 high (grades 9-12) schools in Fairfax County (Virginia) public schools. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 2017 (6% of ~34,900) students were surveyed before start time changes, and 1180 (3% of ~35,300) were surveyed after...
December 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157635/effects-of-school-start-time-on-students-sleep-duration-daytime-sleepiness-and-attendance-a-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Jennifer M Bowers, Anne Moyer
Research conducted over the past three decades finds that many children and adolescents do not meet recommended sleep guidelines. Lack of sleep is a predictor of a number of consequences, including issues at school such as sleepiness and tardiness. Considering the severity of this public health issue, it is essential to understand more about the factors that may compromise children's and adolescents' sleep. This meta-analysis examined the effects of school start time (SST) on sleep duration of students by aggregating the results of five longitudinal studies and 15 cross-sectional comparison group studies...
December 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157337/simulated-high-altitude-helium-oxygen-diving
#10
Lu Shi, Yan-Meng Zhang, Katsuura Tetsuo, Zhong-Yuan Shi, Yi-Qun Fang, Petar J Denoble, Yang-Yang Li
BACKGROUND: Experience with commercial heliox diving at high altitude is limited. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of acute high-altitude exposure on fitness to dive and the safety of decompression after heliox diving while using U.S. Navy heliox decompression tables with Cross correction. METHOD: Four professional male divers were consecutively decompressed in a hypo- and hyperbaric chamber to altitudes of 3000 m (9842.5 ft), 4000 m (13,123...
December 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157171/effect-of-changes-in-periodic-limb-movements-under-cpap-on-adherence-and-long-term-compliance-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#11
Gimbada B Mwenge, Ihsan Rougui, Daniel Rodenstein
Purpose of the study Periodic leg movements (PLMs) are found in 30% of patients suffering from OSA. Under CPAP, we observed that PLMs can increase, decrease, or remain unchanged. The predictors of these changes are not well established. Objective To determine the predictors of PLMs change under CPAP and its impact on long-term adherence. Materials and method The patients were referred to the sleep laboratory for snoring or sleepiness. A single PSG night has been performed before and after CPAP treatment. Data on medication used, comorbidities and ferritin level were collected...
November 20, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157006/chronotype-description-in-search-of-a-solid-subjective-amplitude-scale
#12
Halszka Oginska, Justyna Mojsa-Kaja, Olivier Mairesse
The term "subjective circadian amplitude" refers to the range or the distinctness of diurnal variations of arousal, that is, the awareness (or lack thereof) of difference between hyper- and hypo-activation phases, the ability to volitionally modulate one's own psychophysiological state, the strength of morning-evening preferences and flexibility of the rhythm or perceived stability of the circadian phase. The complexity of this construct is the source of difficulties in research and measurement. The psychometric features of distinctness subscales of the Chronotype Questionnaire and the Caen Chronotype Questionnaire are not satisfactory...
November 20, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156085/the-association-between-burning-mouth-syndrome-and-sleep-disturbance-a-case-control-multicentre-study
#13
D Adamo, A Sardella, E Varoni, C Lajolo, M Biasotto, G Ottaviani, P Vescovi, T Simonazzi, M Pentenero, M Ardore, F Spadari, G Bombeccari, L Montebugnoli, D B Gissi, G Campisi, V Panzarella, M Carbone, L Valpreda, M Giuliani, M Aria, L Lo Muzio, M D Mignogna
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the quality of sleep and the psychological profiles of a large cohort of Italian patients with burning mouth syndrome (BMS) and to clarify the relationships between these variables and pain. METHODS: In this case-control study, 200 patients with BMS versus an equal number of age and sex-matched healthy controls, recruited in 10 Universities, were enrolled. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D), Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety (HAM-A), Numeric Pain Intensity Scale (NRS) and Total Pain Rating Index (T-PRI) were administered...
November 20, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152745/impact-of-an-oral-appliance-on-obstructive-sleep-apnea-severity-quality-of-life-and-biomarkers
#14
Enrique Fernández-Julián, Tomás Pérez-Carbonell, Rocío Marco, Verónica Pellicer, Enrique Rodriguez-Borja, Jaime Marco
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: To investigate outcomes including efficacy, quality of life, and levels of inflammatory markers of a mandibular advancement device (MAD) for moderate-to-severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. METHODS: Patients with apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) ≥ 15/hr who only accepted MAD therapy (study group) or who refused any treatment (control group) were recruited. At baseline and at 6 months, polysomnography, Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire (FOSQ), C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin 1β, interleukin 6, and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) were assessed in both groups...
November 20, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152680/restless-legs-syndrome-and-sleep-quality-among-adult-sickle-cell-disease-patients
#15
Siraj Omar Wali, Ibrahim AlQassas, Roah Merdad, Rajaa Alsaggaf, Fatin Al-Sayes
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to determine and compare the prevalence of restless legs syndrome (RLS) between adult patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) and non-SCD anemia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted from December 2013 to July 2014. Patients with SCD and non-SCD anemia were recruited from a hematology clinic at a large university hospital. Patients with secondary RLS were excluded. Data were collected on demographic features, clinical evaluations, laboratory tests, sleep quality using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, RLS symptoms using the International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group Criteria, severity of RLS using the International Restless Leg Syndrome Rating Scale, and daytime sleepiness using the Epworth Sleepiness Scale...
November 19, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151431/characterizing-sleepiness-are-we-drawing-the-right-line-in-the-sand
#16
Lynn Marie Trotti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149785/association-study-of-hla-dqb1-0602-allele-in-iranian-patients-with-narcolepsy
#17
Demeke Geremew, Ania Rahimi-Golkhandan, Khosro Sadeghniiat-Haghighi, Yadollah Shakiba, Ahmad Khajeh-Mehrizi, Bita Ansaripour, Maryam Izad
Narcolepsy is a rare, disabling disorder characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness, cataplexy, hypnagogic hallucinations and sleep paralysis. Several studies demonstrated its association with HLA-DQB1*0602 in various ethnic groups. Our study aimed to determine the prevalence of HLA-DQB1*0602 allele in Iranian patients with narcolepsy and assess its predictive parameters for diagnosing narcolepsy. In addition, car accidents and job problems were assessed among narcoleptic patients. We studied 44 narcoleptic patients, 30 patients with other types of excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS)  and 50 healthy age and sex matched individuals in this case-control study...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148894/metabolic-profile-in-patients-with-mild-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#18
Luciana Oliveira E Silva, Thais M Guimarães, Gabriela P Luz, Glaury Coelho, Luciana Badke, Ildonete R Almeida, Aline Millani-Carneiro, Sergio Tufik, Lia Bittencourt, Sonia M Togeiro
BACKGROUND: Mild obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a highly prevalent disorder in adults. However, it is not clear whether mild OSA has significant metabolic complications. This study examined the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) in patients with mild OSA compared to control group. METHODS: Adults (18-65 years of age) of both genders with a body mass index (BMI) ≤35 kg/m(2) were included. The mild OSA group comprised of patients with an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) score of ≥5 but ≤15 events/hr of sleep, independent of other symptoms...
November 17, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148047/plasma-copeptin-levels-in-patients-with-restless-legs-syndrome
#19
S Topaloglu Tuac, S Ozben, M Koseoglu Bitnel, A Koksal, E Kucuksayan, A Hanikoğlu, T Ozben
OBJECTIVES: Copeptin, the C-terminal fragment of antidiuretic hormone, is a new biomarker that has been found to be elevated in several disorders and could be related with prognosis. This study aimed to compare plasma copeptin levels in patients with restless legs syndrome (RLS) with healthy individuals and to investigate whether plasma copeptin levels were associated with the severity of disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 41 patients with primary RLS, who were followed in Bakirkoy Psychiatry and Neurology Research and Training Hospital and 41 age- and sex-matched healthy individuals were included into the study...
November 17, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146723/nocturnal-serum-melatonin-levels-in-sulfur-mustard-exposed-patients-with-sleep-disorders
#20
Seyyedeh Soghra Mousavi, E Vahedi, M Shohrati, Y Panahi, S Parvin
BACKGROUND: Sulfur mustard (SM) exposure causes respiratory disorders, progressive deterioration in lung function and mortality in injured victims and poor sleep quality is one of the most common problems among SM-exposed patients. Since melatonin has a critical role in regulation of sleep and awareness, this study aimed to evaluate the serum melatonin levels in SM-injured subjects. METHODS: A total of 30 SM-exposed male patients and 10 controls was evaluated. Sleep quality was evaluated by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI); daytime sleepiness was measured by the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), and the risk of obstructive sleep apnoea was determined by the STOP-Bang questionnaire...
November 16, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
keyword
keyword
7846
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"