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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776841/-medical-simulation-as-a-tool-in-the-training-of-perinatal-professionals
#1
B Tosello, J Blanc, C Kelway, V Pellegrin, E Quarello, F Comte, C Zakarian, C D'Ercole
Though technology plays an increasingly important role in modern health systems, human performance remains a major determinant of safety, effectiveness and efficiency of patient care. This is especially true in the delivery room. Thus, the training of professionals must aim not only for the acquisition of theory and practical skills on an individual basis, but also for the learning of teamwork systematically. Training health professionals with simulation enhances their theoretical knowledge and meets formal requirements in literacy, technical skills and communication...
May 15, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776434/choice-of-outcomes-and-measurement-instruments-in-randomised-trials-on-elearning-in-medical-education-a-systematic-mapping-review-protocol
#2
Gloria C Law, Christian Apfelbacher, Pawel P Posadzki, Sandra Kemp, Lorainne Tudor Car
BACKGROUND: There will be a lack of 18 million healthcare workers by 2030. Multiplying the number of well-trained healthcare workers through innovative ways such as eLearning is highly recommended in solving this shortage. However, high heterogeneity of learning outcomes in eLearning systematic reviews reveals a lack of consistency and agreement on core learning outcomes in eLearning for medical education. In addition, there seems to be a lack of validity evidence for measurement instruments used in these trials...
May 17, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775969/the-scale-on-community-care-perceptions-scope-for-nursing-students-a-development-and-psychometric-validation-study
#3
Margriet van Iersel, Rien de Vos, Corine Latour, Paul A Kirschner, Wilma Scholte Op Reimer
The aim of this study was to develop a valid instrument to measure student nurses' perceptions of community care (SCOPE). DeVellis' staged model for instrument development and validation was used. Scale construction of SCOPE was based on existing literature. Evaluation of its psychometric properties included exploratory factor analysis and reliability analysis. After pilot-testing, 1062 bachelor nursing students from six institutions in the Netherlands (response rate 81%) took part in the study. SCOPE is a 35-item scale containing: background variables, 11 measuring the affective component, 5 measuring community care perception as a placement, 17 as a future profession, and 2 on the reasons underlying student preference...
May 11, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775510/educational-intervention-on-delirium-assessment-using-confusion-assessment-method-icu-cam-icu-in-a-general-intensive-care-unit
#4
Vimala Ramoo, Harlinna Abu, Vineya Rai, Surindar Kaur Surat Singh, Ayuni Asma' Baharudin, Mahmoud Danaee, Raveena Rajalachimi R Thinagaran
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to assess intensive care unit nurses' knowledge of intensive care unit delirium and delirium assessment before and after an educational intervention. In addition, nurses' perception on the usefulness of a delirium assessment tool and barriers against delirium assessment were assessed as secondary objectives. BACKGROUND: Early identification of delirium in intensive care units is crucial for patient care. Hence, nurses require adequate knowledge to enable appropriate evaluation of delirium using standardised practice and assessment tools...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775171/competency-standards-for-newly-graduated-prosthetist-orthotists-in-sweden
#5
Nerrolyn Ramstrand, Simon Ramstrand
BACKGROUND: There are currently no national competency standards upon which to develop educational objectives for prosthetist/orthotists in Sweden. While standards have been developed in other countries, they cannot be applied without confirming their relevance in a Swedish context. OBJECTIVES: To describe and obtain consensus on core competencies required for newly graduated prosthetist/orthotists in Sweden. STUDY DESIGN: Modified Delphi process...
May 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774584/-i-can-see-fine-patient-knowledge-of-eye-care
#6
Elizabeth L Irving, Alisa M Sivak, Marlee M Spafford
PURPOSE: To learn more about the perceptions and attitudes toward eye care of members of the public - in particular, their knowledge of the purpose, components and providers of eye examinations, their ability to self-monitor ocular status and their awareness of major sight threatening eye conditions. METHODS: This study used the qualitative research strategy, grounded theory. Participants were recruited via poster and social media. Two researchers, one with optometric knowledge and one without, moderated seven 60- to 90-min, semi-structured focus group discussions, which were audiotaped and transcribed...
May 17, 2018: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774264/development-of-a-health-promotion-programme-to-improve-awareness-of-factors-that-affect-fertility-and-evaluation-of-its-reach-in-the-first-5-years
#7
Karin Hammarberg, Robert J Norman, Sarah Robertson, Robert McLachlan, Janet Michelmore, Louise Johnson
Awareness among people of reproductive age about the factors that influence fertility and reproductive outcomes, including medically assisted reproduction outcomes, is generally low. To improve awareness about the potentially modifiable factors that affect fertility and reproductive outcomes, 'Your Fertility', a fertility health promotion programme funded by the Australian Government, was established in 2011. This paper describes the development and evaluation of the reach of the Your Fertility programme from its inception in 2011 to June 2016...
June 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773528/a-digital-app-to-aid-detection-monitoring-and-management-of-dyslexia-in-young-children-dimmand-protocol-for-a-digital-health-and-education-solution
#8
Mariam R Sood, Annet Toornstra, Martin I Sereno, Mark Boland, Daniele Filaretti, Anuj Sood
BACKGROUND: Dyslexia, a specific learning difficulty and a disability as defined in the Equality Act 2010, is a lifelong condition that affects a child from the start of education. Dyslexia is characterized by difficulties in language processing (reading, spelling, and writing) which do not correspond with the child's general intellectual abilities. Although dyslexia cannot be cured, there is a consensus that interventions are more effective and have greater impact the earlier they are administered...
May 17, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771570/how-primary-health-care-staff-working-in-rural-and-remote-areas-access-skill-development-and-expertise-to-support-health-promotion-practice
#9
Kathryn A McFarlane, Jenni Judd, Hylda Wapau, Nina Nichols, Kerrianne Watt, Sue Devine
INTRODUCTION: Health promotion is a key component of comprehensive primary health care. Health promotion approaches complement healthcare management by enabling individuals to increase control over their health. Many primary healthcare staff have a role to play in health promotion practice, but their ability to integrate health promotion into practice is influenced by their previous training and experience. For primary healthcare staff working in rural and remote locations, access to professional development can be limited by what is locally available and prohibitive in terms of cost for travel and accommodation...
May 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771202/analysing-healthcare-coordination-using-translational-mobilization
#10
Davina Allen
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to introduce translational mobilization theory (TMT) and explore its application for healthcare quality improvement purposes. Design/methodology/approach TMT is a generic sociological theory that explains how projects of collective action are progressed in complex organizational contexts. This paper introduces TMT, outlines its ontological assumptions and core components, and explores its potential value for quality improvement using rescue trajectories as an illustrative case...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770551/implementing-community-participation-via-interdisciplinary-teams-in-primary-care-an-irish-case-study-in-practice
#11
Edel Tierney, Rachel McEvoy, Ailish Hannigan, Anne E MacFarlane
BACKGROUND: Community participation in primary care is enshrined in international and Irish health policy. However, there is a lack of evidence about how stakeholders work collectively to implement community participation within interdisciplinary teams; community perspectives are rarely captured, and a theoretical underpinning for implementation of community participation in primary care is absent. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a theoretically informed, multiperspectival empirical analysis of the implementation of community participation via primary care teams (PCTs) in Ireland...
May 16, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770101/resources-to-address-stigma-related-to-sexuality-substance-use-and-sexually-transmitted-and-blood-borne-infections
#12
R MacLean
Background: Stigma is widely recognized as a significant barrier to the prevention, management and treatment of sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections (STBBIs) in Canada. Despite major advances in STBBI prevention and treatment, and global efforts to reduce stigma, people living with or affected by STBBIs continue to experience stigma within health and social service settings in Canada. Objective: To describe the development, content and evaluation of knowledge translation resources and training workshops designed to equip health and social service professionals with the knowledge and skills needed to provide more respectful and inclusive sexual health, harm reduction and STBBI services...
February 1, 2018: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770085/a-guide-to-publishing-scientific-research-in-the-health-sciences
#13
P Huston, Bck Choi
Effective communication of scientific research is critical to advancing science and optimizing the impact of one's professional work. This article provides a guide on preparing scientific manuscripts for publication in the health sciences. It is geared to health professionals who are starting to report their findings in peer-reviewed journals or who would like to refresh their knowledge in this area. It identifies five key steps. First, adopt best practices in scientific publications, including collaborative writing and ethical reporting...
September 7, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769495/analyses-of-the-neuroanatomy-portion-of-the-anatomy-question-papers-for-written-summative-assessment-at-the-medical-undergraduate-level-in-bangladesh
#14
M Akter, K M Shamim, N F Amin
Neuroanatomy is a vital part of the undergraduate medical (MBBS) Anatomy curriculum of different universities of Bangladesh. The teaching-learning and assessment of Neuroanatomy have gone through significant changes in current times in various parts of the world. Neuroanatomy textbooks are supposed to be useful reflectors of these changes and of the present inclinations. The importance of an understanding approach towards Neuroanatomy is beyond doubt. Consequently, the contemporary Neuroanatomy books are inclined more towards an understanding approach in their presentation...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768931/how-intersectoral-health-promotion-changes-professional-practices-a-case-study-from-denmark
#15
Mads Christensen, Viola Burau, Loni Ledderer
Intersectoral health promotion (IHP) has pushed health professions to engage in new tasks and interprofessional ways of working. We studied how care assistants from a nursing home and school teachers implemented a cookery project targeted at children ("Cool Beans") as an example of an IHP project in Denmark. Our aim was to examine the impact of the IHP project on the practices of the professions involved. We used a qualitative case study to investigate joint care and teaching situations with the two professions and their users...
May 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767215/and-now-please-sign-on-the-dotted-line-teaching-residents-about-professional-life-after-residency
#16
Sherine Salib, Victoria Valencia, Alejandro Moreno
OBJECTIVES: Despite possible long-term repercussions, few training programs teach their residents about the business of medicine. In particular, certain contractual issues can adversely affect a young physician's career mobility. METHODS: We designed a business-of-medicine curriculum and used a survey to determine whether the curriculum satisfied attendees' perceived knowledge gaps about the topics covered in the course, which included four key contractual matters: physician employment contracts (including restrictive covenants), malpractice insurance, job search, and interviewing skills...
May 2018: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766550/what-advice-is-given-to-newly-qualified-doctors-on-twitter-an-analysis-of-tipsfornewdocs-tweets
#17
Mohammed Ahmed Rashid, Doug McKechnie, Deborah Gill
CONTEXT: Twitter is a social media platform on which users post very brief messages that can be rapidly communicated across wide geographical areas and audiences. Many doctors use Twitter for personal as well as professional communications and networking. The #TipsForNewDocs hashtag is used on Twitter to give advice to newly qualified doctors as they commence their careers. This study explores the nature and focus of such advice. METHODS: An analysis of Twitter activity containing the #TipsForNewDocs hashtag was performed using Symplur health care analytics software...
May 15, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765260/attitude-and-perception-of-undergraduate-medical-students-toward-the-problem-based-learning-in-chitwan-medical-college-nepal
#18
Ram Lochan Yadav, Rano Mal Piryani, Gopendra Prasad Deo, Dev Kumar Shah, Laxmi Kumari Yadav, Md Nazrul Islam
Background: Problem-based learning (PBL) was introduced into Basic Medical Sciences early in the 1980s at Tribhuvan University (TU), Nepal, followed by other universities where didactic lecture method was still followed as the main teaching strategy. Despite gaining its popularity worldwide as integrated teaching learning method, PBL is not given importance in Nepal. This study aimed to assess the attitude and perceptions of undergraduate medical students regarding learning outcomes of PBL and to know their views about role and qualities of effective tutors for its successful implementation...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764877/efficacy-of-practising-tai-chi-for-older-people-with-mild-dementia-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-study
#19
Jihui Lyu, Wenjie Li, Xiangjiang Rong, Lian Wei, Nayan Huang, Mei Champ, Qian Xiong, Xueli Chen, Mo Li, Fangling Li
INTRODUCTION: Many studies suggest that Tai Chi exercise is a safe and appropriate mind-body exercise for older people and effectively slows down age-related cognitive decline. A set of bespoke Tai Chi exercise named 'Cognition Protecting Tai Chi' (CPT) has been created for older people with cognitive impairments by the research team of geriatricians, neurologists, rehabilitation specialists, experts of sports medicine and experienced practitioners of traditional Chinese medicine. This trial is designed to evaluate its effects on cognitive function, behaviour/moods, risk of falls and activities of daily living of the participants with mild dementia...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764794/an-ehealth-capabilities-framework-for-graduates-and-health-professionals-mixed-methods-study
#20
Melissa Brunner, Deborah McGregor, Melanie Keep, Anna Janssen, Heiko Spallek, Deleana Quinn, Aaron Jones, Emma Tseris, Wilson Yeung, Leanne Togher, Annette Solman, Tim Shaw
BACKGROUND: The demand for an eHealth-ready and adaptable workforce is placing increasing pressure on universities to deliver eHealth education. At present, eHealth education is largely focused on components of eHealth rather than considering a curriculum-wide approach. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop a framework that could be used to guide health curriculum design based on current evidence, and stakeholder perceptions of eHealth capabilities expected of tertiary health graduates...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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