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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166393/implicit-theories-concerning-the-intelligence-of-individuals-with-down-syndrome
#1
Claire Enea-Drapeau, Michèle Carlier, Pascal Huguet
Studies over the past three decades have shown that learning difficulties are not only determined by neurological disorders, but also by motivational and/or socio-cognitive factors Among these factors, implicit theories of intelligence (also referred to as conceptions, mindsets or beliefs about intelligence) are key elements. The belief that intelligence is fixed (entity theory), as opposed to malleable (incremental theory), is generally associated with negative teaching practices and poorer student outcomes, yet beliefs about the intelligence of individuals with intellectual disabilities have not received much attention...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165584/carers-as-system-navigators-exploring-sources-processes-and-outcomes-of-structural-burden
#2
Laura M Funk, Lisette Dansereau, Sheila Novek, Barbara J Bowers
Background and Objectives: Structural features of formal care systems influence the amount, difficulty, and complexity of what carers do as they interface with those systems. In this study, we explored how carers navigate health and social care systems, and their experiences of structural burden related to features such as complexity and fragmentation. Research Design and Methods: This qualitative descriptive inquiry drew on data from in-person interviews with 32 carers of older adults, which were analyzed first using inductive thematic analysis and then using structural burden as a conceptual lens...
November 19, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165564/social-networks-as-a-tool-for-science-communication-and-public-engagement-focus-on-twitter
#3
Ignacio López-Goñi, Manuel Sánchez-Angulo
Social networks have been used to teach and engage people about the importance of science. The integration of social networks in the daily routines of Faculty and Scientists is strongly recommended to increase their personal brand, improve their skills, enhance their visibility, share and communicate science to society, promote scientific culture, and even as a tool for teaching and learning. Here we review the use of Twitter in Science and comment our previous experience on using this social network as a platform for a Massive Online Open Course (MOOC) in Spain and Latin America...
November 20, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165287/quantitative-evaluation-of-head-and-neck-cancer-treatment-related-dysphagia-in-the-development-of-a-personalized-treatment-deintensification-paradigm
#4
Harry Quon, Xuan Hui, Zhi Cheng, Scott Robertson, Luke Peng, Michael Bowers, Joseph Moore, Amanda Choflet, Alex Thompson, Mariah Muse, Ana Kiess, Brandi Page, Carole Fakhry, Christine Gourin, Jolyne O'Hare, Peter Graham, Michal Szczesniak, Julia Maclean, Ian Cook, Todd McNutt
PURPOSE: To test the hypothesis that quantifying swallow function with multiple patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments is an important strategy to yield insights in the development of personalized deintensified therapies seeking to reduce the risk of head and neck cancer (HNC) treatment-related dysphagia (HNCTD). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Irradiated HNC subjects seen in follow-up care (April 2015 to December 2015) who prospectively completed the Sydney Swallow Questionnaire (SSQ) and the MD Anderson Dysphagia Inventory (MDADI) concurrently on the web interface to our Oncospace database were evaluated...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165038/-there-s-not-enough-knowledge-out-there-examining-older-adults-perceptions-of-digital-technology-use-and-digital-inclusion-classes
#5
Lucy R Betts, Rowena Hill, Sarah E Gardner
Older adults' definitions of digital technology, and experiences of digital inclusion sessions, were examined using qualitative approaches. Seventeen older adults (aged between 54 and 85 years) participated in two focus groups that each lasted approximately 90 min to explore how older adults understood technology within their lived experience. Interpretative phenomenological analysis yielded two main themes: thirst for knowledge and a wish list for digital technology sessions. A separate content analysis was performed to identify what technology older adults identified as digital technology...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164444/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-social-tools-and-rules-for-teens-start-program-an-immersive-socialization-intervention-for-adolescents-with-autism%C3%A2-spectrum%C3%A2-disorder
#6
Ty W Vernon, Amber R Miller, Jordan A Ko, Amy C Barrett, Elizabeth S McGarry
Adolescents with ASD face numerous personal and contextual barriers that impede the development of social motivation and core competencies, warranting the need for targeted intervention. A randomized controlled trial was conducted with 40 adolescents to evaluate the merits of a multi-component socialization intervention that places emphasis on experiential learning. This investigation evaluated the impact of the 20-week START program on the social functioning of adolescents with ASD. Significant Group × Time differences between START and waitlist control groups were found across multiple measures...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163726/beyond-equality-providing-equitable-care-for-persons-with-disabilities
#7
Scott Wakeham, Sally Heung, Janet Lee, Cheryl A Sadowski
Background: Almost 14% of Canadians have a disability, and older adults are most commonly affected. People living with disabilities have challenges accessing health care services, including medications and other services provided in pharmacies. Methods: A literature review was conducted regarding disability and pharmacy services. Resources regarding accessibility were also incorporated. Results: A number of organizations provide guidance on caring for those with disabilities...
July 2017: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163109/on-the-role-of-physical-interaction-on-performance-of-object-manipulation-by-dyads
#8
Keivan Mojtahedi, Qiushi Fu, Marco Santello
Human physical interactions can be intrapersonal, e.g., manipulating an object bimanually, or interpersonal, e.g., transporting an object with another person. In both cases, one or two agents are required to coordinate their limbs to attain the task goal. We investigated the physical coordination of two hands during an object-balancing task performed either bimanually by one agent or jointly by two agents. The task consisted of a series of static (holding) and dynamic (moving) phases, initiated by auditory cues...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163095/the-functional-architecture-of-the-brain-underlies-strategic-deception-in-impression-management
#9
Qiang Luo, Yina Ma, Meghana A Bhatt, P Read Montague, Jianfeng Feng
Impression management, as one of the most essential skills of social function, impacts one's survival and success in human societies. However, the neural architecture underpinning this social skill remains poorly understood. By employing a two-person bargaining game, we exposed three strategies involving distinct cognitive processes for social impression management with different levels of strategic deception. We utilized a novel adaptation of Granger causality accounting for signal-dependent noise (SDN), which captured the directional connectivity underlying the impression management during the bargaining game...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161845/spatially-implicit-modelling-of-disease-behaviour-interactions-in-the-context-of-non-pharmaceutical-interventions
#10
Notice Ringa, Chris T Bauch
Pair approximation models have been used to study the spread of infectious diseases in spatially distributed host populations, and to explore disease control strategies such as vaccination and case isolation. Here we introduce a pair approximation model of individual uptake of non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) for an acute self-limiting infection, where susceptible individuals can learn the NPIs either from other susceptible individuals who are already practicing NPIs ("social learning"), or their uptake of NPIs can be stimulated by being neighbours of an infectious person ("exposure learning")...
April 1, 2018: Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering: MBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161758/young-athletes-health-knowledge-system-qualitative-analysis-of-health-learning-processes-in-adolescent-sportspersons
#11
Laura I Rodríguez-Serrano, Toomas Timpka, Joakim Ekberg, Örjan Dahlström, Jenny Jacobsson
Recognized side effects on health associated with sports participation in youth include overtraining, doping, and exposure to harassment and violence. Many of these effects originate in contexts where young athletes are beginning to make decisions about their sports practices on their own. This study set out to explore knowledge and reasoning about health among adolescent athletes and to describe how health knowledge management structures are associated with different social systems. Qualitative data were collected from focus groups involving 65 young Swedish athletes aged 16 to 17 years...
November 21, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161681/revisiting-task-orientated-care-oral-histories-of-former-student-nurses-in-ireland-1960-2001
#12
Anne Fallon, Toni Uí Chiardha, Teresa Meaney, Deirdre van der Putten, Miriam Brennan, Jackie Uí Chionna, Stephen Bradley, Miriam McNicholas, Siobhan Smyth
The apprenticeship model of nurse training was in place in Ireland up to the end of the twentieth century. Task orientated care was a feature of this model. It is important to examine task allocation from the student's perspective, in light of current and on-going debates regarding student nurses' supernumerary status. Both approaches influence the status of the student; as a worker with task allocation and as a learner with supernumerary status. Oral history interviews were undertaken with twelve former student nurses (1960-2001) to explore their experiences of clinical learning and task allocation...
November 8, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160112/the-human-right-to-communicate-and-our-need-to-listen-learning-from-people-with-a-history-of-childhood-communication-disorder
#13
Jane McCormack, Elise Baker, Kathryn Crowe
PURPOSE: In 2013, the Australian Government Senate formed a committee for inquiry and report into the prevalence of speech, language, and communication disorders and speech pathology services in Australia. Submissions were sought from individuals and organisations. In this paper, submissions made by individuals with a history of childhood communication disorder were examined to explore their life experiences and the impact on their lives when the right to communicate could not be enacted...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159933/dyspraxia-in-clinical-education-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Eleanor Walker, Sebastian Ck Shaw, Jim Price, Malcolm Reed, John Anderson
BACKGROUND: The stereotype of the student with dyspraxia as 'clumsy and disorganised' may cause clinical teachers to be concerned about the student's performance in a clinical environment; however, if it is understood that dyspraxic students possess many strengths, as well as weaknesses, it may be that some stereotypical myths will be dispelled and more effective support offered to them. This review considers research surrounding the experiences of students and health professionals with dyspraxia within higher education (HE), alongside the personal experiences of EW, in order to inform the development of clinical teachers with respect to their support for learners with dyspraxia...
November 21, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158232/development-and-validation-of-qdiabetes-2018-risk-prediction-algorithm-to-estimate-future-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-cohort-study
#15
Julia Hippisley-Cox, Carol Coupland
Objectives To derive and validate updated QDiabetes-2018 prediction algorithms to estimate the 10 year risk of type 2 diabetes in men and women, taking account of potential new risk factors, and to compare their performance with current approaches.Design Prospective open cohort study.Setting Routinely collected data from 1457 general practices in England contributing to the QResearch database: 1094 were used to develop the scores and a separate set of 363 were used to validate the scores.Participants 11...
November 20, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157576/a-professionalism-and-safety-code-of-conduct-designed-for-undergraduate-nursing-students
#16
Nadia Ali Muhammad Ali Charania, Diane L Ferguson, Esther Bay, Barbara S Freeland, Kimberly Bradshaw, Karen Harden
Nationally, professionalism and safety are key concepts in nursing practice. Although they are traditionally viewed as individual concepts, we believe they are closely linked to and depend on one another. Herein, professionalism and safety are developed as a paired concept with specific indicators. The purpose of this paper is to describe the process used to develop and implement a professionalism and safety Code of Conduct for undergraduate nursing students and to share the end product of this process. Based on input from students, faculty, and health system partners in our academic-service partnership, the current definition and Code include six student behavioral domains: communication, self-awareness, self-care, professional image, responsible learning, and personal accountability...
November 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157442/a-deep-learning-based-multi-model-ensemble-method-for-cancer-prediction
#17
Yawen Xiao, Jun Wu, Zongli Lin, Xiaodong Zhao
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cancer is a complex worldwide health problem associated with high mortality. With the rapid development of the high-throughput sequencing technology and the application of various machine learning methods that have emerged in recent years, progress in cancer prediction has been increasingly made based on gene expression, providing insight into effective and accurate treatment decision making. Thus, developing machine learning methods, which can successfully distinguish cancer patients from healthy persons, is of great current interest...
January 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156792/liquid-biopsy-in-colon-cancer-comparison-of-different-circulating-dna-extraction-systems-following-absolute-quantification-of-kras-mutations-using-intplex-allele-specific-pcr
#18
Vera Kloten, Nadine Rüchel, Nadina Ortiz Brüchle, Janina Gasthaus, Nils Freudenmacher, Florian Steib, Jolein Mijnes, Julian Eschenbruch, Marcel Binnebösel, Ruth Knüchel, Edgar Dahl
Non-invasive molecular analysis of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) is a promising application in personalized cancer management, although there is still much to learn about the biological characteristics of ctDNA. The present study compared absolute amounts of KRAS mutated ctDNA and total circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients (n=50) from various stages and healthy controls (n=8) by Intplex allele-specific and digital droplet PCR. In addition, the impact of two prominent extraction techniques (silica-based membrane vs...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155371/what-s-happening-to-your-dna-data-genetic-testing-services-abound-but-consumers-opting-to-use-them-should-be-aware-of-the-pitfalls
#19
Kristina Grifantini
Over the last decade, technology advances in the field of genetics have led to cheaper and more accurate testing. Public interest in personal genetics has grown thanks to media coverage and high-profile stories, such as actress Angelina Jolie's decision to undergo a double mastectomy as a preventative measure against breast cancer when she learned she carries the BRCA1 mutation (relating to breast cancer type 1 susceptibility).
November 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155172/navigating-motherhood-and-maternal-transitional-infant-feeding-learnings-for-health-professionals
#20
Michelle Harrison, Julie Hepworth, Wendy Brodribb
Given the lifelong associations between infant diet and weight, understanding maternal transitional infant feeding decisions can assist efforts to establish healthy eating habits early in life. Feeding experiences were explored using semi-structured interviews with 15 first-time mothers who were selected based on their concerns about their infants' weight in an infant feeding survey. Thematic synthesis of the interview transcripts identified three main themes: Theme 1. Expectations of a "responsible mother", (2) Trusting oneself and trust in others, and (3) From stress to successful feeding...
November 16, 2017: Appetite
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