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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651096/predicting-actions-from-subtle-preparatory-movements
#1
Maryam Vaziri-Pashkam, Sarah Cormiea, Ken Nakayama
To study how people anticipate others' actions, we designed a competitive reaching task. Subjects faced each other separated by a Plexiglas screen and their finger movements in 3D space were recorded with sensors. The first subject (Attacker) was instructed to touch one of two horizontally arranged targets on the screen. The other subject (Blocker) touched the same target as quickly as possible. Average finger reaction times (fRTs) were fast, much faster than reactions to a dot moving on the screen in the same manner as the Attacker's finger...
June 23, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650959/peridomestic-aedes-malayensis-and-aedes-albopictus-are-capable-vectors-of-arboviruses-in-cities
#2
Ian H Mendenhall, Menchie Manuel, Mahesh Moorthy, Theodore T M Lee, Dolyce H W Low, Dorothée Missé, Duane J Gubler, Brett R Ellis, Eng Eong Ooi, Julien Pompon
BACKGROUND: Dengue and chikungunya are global re-emerging mosquito-borne diseases. In Singapore, sustained vector control coupled with household improvements reduced domestic mosquito populations for the past 45 years, particularly the primary vector Aedes aegypti. However, while disease incidence was low for the first 30 years following vector control implementation, outbreaks have re-emerged in the past 15 years. Epidemiological observations point to the importance of peridomestic infection in areas not targeted by control programs...
June 26, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650799/learning-the-personalized-intransitive-preferences-of-images
#3
Jun Chen, Chaokun Wang, Jianmin Wang, Xiang Ying, Xuecheng Wang
Most of the previous studies on the user preferences assume that there is a personal transitive preference ranking of the consumable media like images. For example, the transitivity of preferences is one of the most important assumptions in the recommender system research. However, the intransitive relations have also been widely observed, such as the win/loss relations in online video games, in sport matches, and even in rock-paper-scissors games. It is also found that different subjects demonstrate the personalized intransitive preferences in the pairwise comparisons between the applicants for college admission...
September 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649765/next-creating-an-interdisciplinary-alliance-to-diminish-informational-barriers-for-public-health-nursing
#4
Emily M Johnson, Krista Jones, Patricia Eathington, Carmen Howard, Rebecca Raszewski, Naomi M Twigg
BACKGROUND: Public health nurses (PHNs) are challenged in obtaining opportunities to learn evidence-based practice (EBP). An interdisciplinary alliance was created between health sciences librarians and nurse educators to create a continuing education (CE) opportunity. OBJECTIVE: To measure the effectiveness of CE training for PHNs on the knowledge gained about the EBP process and information resources. METHODS: Ten in-person CE workshops were offered to 69 attendees in rural and urban areas...
June 25, 2017: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649403/inter-personal-diversity-and-temporal-dynamics-of-dental-tongue-and-salivary-microbiota-in-the-healthy-oral-cavity
#5
Michael W Hall, Natasha Singh, Kester F Ng, David K Lam, Michael B Goldberg, Howard C Tenenbaum, Josh D Neufeld, Robert G Beiko, Dilani B Senadheera
Oral microbes form a complex and dynamic biofilm community, which is subjected to daily host and environmental challenges. Dysbiosis of the oral biofilm is correlated with local and distal infections and postulating a baseline for the healthy core oral microbiota provides an opportunity to examine such shifts during the onset and recurrence of disease. Here we quantified the daily, weekly, and monthly variability of the oral microbiome by sequencing the largest oral microbiota time-series to date, covering multiple oral sites in ten healthy individuals...
2017: NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648893/assessment-of-self-determination-in-adolescents-with-neonatal-brachial-plexus-palsy
#6
Donna Bergman, Lynnette Rasmussen, Kate Wan-Chu Chang, Lynda J-S Yang, Virginia S Nelson
BACKGROUND: The term self-determination refers to decision-making, goal setting, and perseverance to achieve those goals. Numerous studies have established the importance of self-determination to enhance learning and improve post-school outcomes. However, most studies evaluate students with learning disabilities, cognitive impairment, or behavioral disabilities. There is an absence of research on self-determination for adolescents with physical disabilities. OBJECTIVE: To assess self-determination of adolescents with neonatal brachial plexus palsy (NBPP) compared to their typically developing peers via self-reported measures of function...
June 22, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648240/eventual-sport-performance-level-what-about-the-role-of-type-of-sport-perception-of-critical-life-events-and-practice-quality
#7
Tynke Toering
The target article describes an interesting study, which provides some challenging findings regarding athletes' pathway to excellence. The suggested links between critical life events, need for success, personal characteristics, and eventual performance level make sense from a psychodynamic perspective. This commentary will discuss some critical points related to the application of the findings in talent identification and -development programs. These are (1) the possible effect of the selection of participants on the results (including the impact of dependence on others for team sport athletes and the opportunity for multiple medal attainment), (2) a lack of detail in the description of how the athletes approached the critical life events (the perception of an event may contribute more to development than the event itself), and (3) a lack of detail in the description of the practice process throughout development...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648135/peer-mentoring-supports-the-learning-needs-of-nurses-providing-palliative-care-in-a-rural-acute-care-setting
#8
Lyn Rabbetts
BACKGROUND: A specific set of assessment scales can underpin the management of distressing symptoms of patients requiring palliative care. A research assistant supported nurses working in a rural hospital setting during the introduction of these scales. AIM: A secondary analysis was conducted to further explore the qualitative data of a previously reported mixed-method study. In particular, the experiences of nurses working alongside a research assistant in the facilitation of using a new assessment form...
June 2, 2017: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646457/national-survey-among-radiation-oncology-residents-related-to-their-needs-in-geriatric-oncology
#9
Rachel Leifer, Bonnie Bristow, Martine Puts, Shabbir Alibhai, Xingshan Cao, Barbara-Ann Millar, Meredith Giuliani, Tina Hsu, Maureen Trudeau, Rajin Mehta, Ines Menjak, Mireille Norris, Barbara Liu, Francois Gallant, Ewa Szumacher
Currently, there is no formal curriculum addressing geriatric oncology within Canadian radiation oncology (RO) residency programs. Knowledge related to geriatric medicine may help radiation oncologists modify RT based on frailty status and geriatric considerations. Understanding specific learning needs allow program coordinators to align the current curriculum with residents' geriatric oncology learning needs. The purpose of this study is to determine the geriatric oncology educational needs of the Canadian RO residents and to inform Canadian RO residency training...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646241/never-forget-a-name-white-matter-connectivity-predicts-person-memory
#10
Athanasia Metoki, Kylie H Alm, Yin Wang, Chi T Ngo, Ingrid R Olson
Through learning and practice, we can acquire numerous skills, ranging from the simple (whistling) to the complex (memorizing operettas in a foreign language). It has been proposed that complex learning requires a network of brain regions that interact with one another via white matter pathways. One candidate white matter pathway, the uncinate fasciculus (UF), has exhibited mixed results for this hypothesis: some studies have shown UF involvement across a range of memory tasks, while other studies report null results...
June 23, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644378/an-energy-efficient-multi-tier-architecture-for-fall-detection-using-smartphones
#11
M Amac Guvensan, A Oguz Kansiz, N Cihan Camgoz, H Irem Turkmen, A Gokhan Yavuz, M Elif Karsligil
Automatic detection of fall events is vital to providing fast medical assistance to the causality, particularly when the injury causes loss of consciousness. Optimization of the energy consumption of mobile applications, especially those which run 24/7 in the background, is essential for longer use of smartphones. In order to improve energy-efficiency without compromising on the fall detection performance, we propose a novel 3-tier architecture that combines simple thresholding methods with machine learning algorithms...
June 23, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644300/breathlessness-in-the-primary-care-setting
#12
Noel Baxter
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Breathlessness is a high-volume problem with 10% of adults experiencing the symptom daily placing a heavy burden on the health and wider economy. As it worsens, they enter the specialist and hospital-based symptom services where costs quickly escalate and people may find themselves in a place not of their choosing. For many, their care will be delivered by a disease or organ specialist and can find themselves passing between physicians without coordination for symptom support...
July 20, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643377/randomized-feasibility-trial-to-improve-hydroxyurea-adherence-in-youth-ages-10-18-years-through-community-health-workers-the-habit-study
#13
Nancy S Green, Deepa Manwani, Sergio Matos, April Hicks, Luisa Soto, Yina Castillo, Karen Ireland, Yvonne Stennett, Sally Findley, Haomiao Jia, Arlene Smaldone
INTRODUCTION: The main therapeutic intervention for sickle cell disease (SCD) is hydroxyurea (HU). The effect of HU is largely through dose-dependent induction of fetal hemoglobin (HbF). Poor HU adherence is common among adolescents. METHODS: Our 6-month, two-site pilot intervention trial, "HABIT," was led by culturally aligned community health workers (CHWs). CHWs performed support primarily through home visits, augmented by tailored text message reminders. Dyads of youth with SCD ages 10-18 years and a parent were enrolled...
June 23, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642100/jcl-roundtable-future-of-the-lipid-laboratory-using-the-laboratory-to-manage-the-patient-part-2
#14
REVIEW
William Virgil Brown, Yehuda Handelsman, Seth S Martin, Pamela B Morris
The measurement of cholesterol and triglycerides as indicators of metabolic disorders and most particularly of vascular disease risk has been of growing importance to physicians and epidemiologists over the past century. This was refocused on the lipoproteins, the specific packages in blood that carry these lipids, by John Gofman, MD, PhD, and Don Fredrickson, MD, more than 50 years ago. We continue to learn about the metabolism of these large molecular structures and their relationship to arteriosclerosis as new genetic and interventional studies are published...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641809/re-emerging-infectious-diseases-from-the-past-hysteria-or-real-risk
#15
Charlier Philippe, Claverie Jean-Michel, Sansonetti Philippe, Coppens Yves, Augias Anaïs, Jacqueline Sophie, Rengot Fanny, Deo Saudamini
BACKGROUND: Work on human remains and old biological samples is a potential source of contamination by conventional or atypical infectious agents. Similarly, current and future environmental changes are a source of resurgence of ancient epidemic diseases. To what extent are anthropologists sorcerer apprentices (especially those working on ancient samples, i.e. paleo-anthropologists)? Are ancient skeletons, palaeosols and museum objects with a biological component at risk for current populations? Unless there are unfounded fears and undue risk… What can be learned from the recent scientific literature and the common sense of the researchers? METHODS: We have attempted to compile data from the literature and from our personal experience in the fields of anthropology, clinical medicine and epidemiology, in order to grasp the reality of the risk to the human population...
June 19, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639424/parental-attitudes-toward-pediatric-use-of-complementary-alternative-medicine-in-turkey
#16
Fadime Ustuner Top, Dilek Konuk Sener, Sengul Cangur
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to determine the pediatric usage of complementary/alternative medicine (CAM) by parents in Turkey, the incidence of using these methods, and the factors affecting their use. DESIGN AND METHODS: The sectional and relational design of the study included a sample of 497 parents who took children for treatment at the Maternity and Children's Hospital in Giresun, Turkey. Data for the study were collected via the Personal Information Form and the Evaluation Form for Complementary/Alternative Treatment Use...
June 21, 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638515/use-of-fellow-as-clinical-teacher-fact-curriculum-for-teaching-during-consultation-effect-on-subspecialty-fellow-teaching-skills
#17
Eli M Miloslavsky, Kathleen Degnan, Jenna McNeill, Jakob I McSparron
BACKGROUND: Subspecialty consultation in inpatient care is increasing. Teaching by subspecialty fellows in a consultation setting may be an important source of work-based learning for students and residents. However, teaching and evaluation of learners in this context may be challenging due to personal and systems-based barriers. OBJECTIVE: We developed and evaluated a framework designed to overcome barriers to teaching and to improve fellow teaching skills during inpatient consultation...
June 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637592/personalized-modeling-for-real-time-pressure-ulcer-prevention-in-sitting-posture
#18
Vincent Luboz, Mathieu Bailet, Christelle Boichon Grivot, Michel Rochette, Bruno Diot, Marek Bucki, Yohan Payan
Ischial pressure ulcer is an important risk for every paraplegic person and a major public health issue. Pressure ulcers appear following excessive compression of buttock's soft tissues by bony structures, and particularly in ischial and sacral bones. Current prevention techniques are mainly based on daily skin inspection to spot red patches or injuries. Nevertheless, most pressure ulcers occur internally and are difficult to detect early. Estimating internal strains within soft tissues could help to evaluate the risk of pressure ulcer...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636443/personal-protective-equipment-supply-chain-lessons-learned-from-recent-public-health-emergency-responses
#19
Anita Patel, Maryann M D'Alessandro, Karen J Ireland, W Greg Burel, Elaine B Wencil, Sonja A Rasmussen
Personal protective equipment (PPE) that protects healthcare workers from infection is a critical component of infection control strategies in healthcare settings. During a public health emergency response, protecting healthcare workers from infectious disease is essential, given that they provide clinical care to those who fall ill, have a high risk of exposure, and need to be assured of occupational safety. Like most goods in the United States, the PPE market supply is based on demand. The US PPE supply chain has minimal ability to rapidly surge production, resulting in challenges to meeting large unexpected increases in demand that might occur during a public health emergency...
May 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635570/quality-dementia-care-prerequisites-and-relational-ethics-among-multicultural-healthcare-providers
#20
Gerd Sylvi Sellevold, Veslemøy Egede-Nissen, Rita Jakobsen, Venke Sørlie
BACKGROUND: Many nursing homes appear as multicultural workplaces where the majority of healthcare providers have an ethnic minority background. This environment creates challenges linked to communication, interaction and cultural differences. Furthermore, the healthcare providers have varied experiences and understanding of what quality care of patients with dementia involves. PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to illuminate multi-ethnic healthcare providers' lived experiences of their own working relationship, and its importance to quality care for people with dementia...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
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