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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820618/college-women-s-responses-to-a-celebrity-health-disclosure
#1
Julia H Drizin, Vanessa L Malcarne, Melody K Schiaffino, Kristen J Wells
Celebrities can have a powerful influence on people's health-related attitudes and behaviors, often by publicly disclosing their own personal health decisions. In May 2013, Angelina Jolie, an internationally recognized actress, director, and author, wrote an op-ed for the New York Times disclosing her decision to undergo a prophylactic double mastectomy to reduce her risk of breast cancer after learning that she carried the BRCA1 gene mutation. This cross-sectional study examined whether exposure to Angelina Jolie and her mastectomy disclosure and parasocial involvement (PSI) with Angelina Jolie were related to female college students' perceived risk of breast cancer and breast cancer screening intentions...
August 18, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820510/implementation-and-use-of-a-patient-symptom-diary-during-chemotherapy-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-the-nurse-perspective
#2
Annemarie Coolbrandt, Erika Bruyninckx, Chris Verslype, Ester Steffens, Ellen Vanhove, Hans Wildiers, Koen Milisen
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To gain a deeper understanding of nurses' experience working with a patient diary for tracking and treating side effects during chemotherapy.
. DESIGN: A mixed-methods design was used to learn about oncology nurses' use and perceptions of a symptom diary. 
. SETTING: Six oncology wards and two outpatient clinics at the University Hospitals Leuven, Belgium.
. SAMPLE: 79 nurses completed a survey, and 14 nurses participated in focus group discussions...
September 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817732/enhanced-inflammation-in-new-zealand-white-rabbits-when-mers-cov-reinfection-occurs-in-the-absence-of-neutralizing-antibody
#3
Katherine V Houser, Andrew J Broadbent, Lisa Gretebeck, Leatrice Vogel, Elaine W Lamirande, Troy Sutton, Kevin W Bock, Mahnaz Minai, Marlene Orandle, Ian N Moore, Kanta Subbarao
The Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is a zoonotic betacoronavirus that was first detected in humans in 2012 as a cause of severe acute respiratory disease. As of July 28, 2017, there have been 2,040 confirmed cases with 712 reported deaths. While many infections have been fatal, there have also been a large number of mild or asymptomatic cases discovered through monitoring and contact tracing. New Zealand white rabbits are a possible model for asymptomatic infection with MERS-CoV. In order to discover more about non-lethal infections and to learn whether a single infection with MERS-CoV would protect against reinfection, we inoculated rabbits with MERS-CoV and monitored the antibody and inflammatory response...
August 17, 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817479/comparison-of-instructional-methods-for-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-for-substance-use-in-nursing-education
#4
Sarah Knopf-Amelung, Heather Gotham, Araba Kuofie, Pamela Young, Ronalda Manney Stinson, Jolene Lynn, Kendra Barker, Jessica Hildreth
Most nursing programs lack curriculum on substance use. This project evaluated 3 didactic instructional methods for teaching baccalaureate nursing students about screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment for substance use. In-person, asynchronous narrated slides and interactive online instructional methods were all effective in developing students' competency; however, active learning methods (in-person and interactive online course) were more effective in changing students' attitudes about their role in screening and intervening for drug use...
August 16, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817359/developing-the-storyline-for-an-advance-care-planning-video-for-surgery-patients-patient-centered-outcomes-research-engagement-from-stakeholder-summit-to-state-fair
#5
Rebecca A Aslakson, Anne L R Schuster, Thomas J Lynch, Matthew J Weiss, Lydia Gregg, Judith Miller, Sarina R Isenberg, Norah L Crossnohere, Alison M Conca-Cheng, Angelo E Volandes, Thomas J Smith, John F P Bridges
BACKGROUND: Patient-centered outcomes research (PCOR) methods and social learning theory (SLT) require intensive interaction between researchers and stakeholders. Advance care planning (ACP) is valuable before major surgery, but a systematic review found no extant perioperative ACP tools. Consequently, PCOR methods and SLT can inform the development of an ACP educational video for patients and families preparing for major surgery. OBJECTIVE: The objective is to develop and test acceptability of an ACP video storyline...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816668/fast-open-world-person-re-identification
#6
Xiatian Zhu, Botong Wu, Dongcheng Huang, Wei-Shi Zheng
Existing person re-identification (re-id) methods typically assume that (1) any probe person is guaranteed to appear in the gallery target population during deployment (i.e. closed-world), and (2) the probe set contains only a limited number of people (i.e. small search scale). Both assumptions are artificial and breached in real-world applications, since the probe population in target people search can be extremely vast in practice due to the ambiguity of probe search space boundary. Therefore, it is unrealistic that any probe person is assumed as one target people, and a large-scale search in person images is inherently demanded...
August 16, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816665/body-structure-aware-deep-crowd-counting
#7
Siyu Huang, Xi Li, Zhongfei Zhang, Fei Wu, Shenghua Gao, Rongrong Ji, Junwei Han
Crowd counting is a challenging task, mainly due to the severe occlusions among dense crowds. This work aims to take a broader view to address crowd counting from the perspective of semantic modelling. In essence, crowd counting is a task of pedestrian semantic analysis involving three key factors: pedestrians, heads, and their context structure. The information of different body parts is an important cue to help us judge whether there exists a person at a certain position. Existing methods usually perform crowd counting from the perspective of directly modelling the visual properties of either the whole body or the heads only, without explicitly capturing the composite body-part semantic structure information that is crucial for crowd counting...
August 14, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815515/assessing-communication-skills-in-real-medical-encounters-in-oncology-development-and-validation-of-the-comon-coaching-rating-scales
#8
Marcelo Niglio de Figueiredo, Lorena Krippeit, Johanna Freund, Gabriele Ihorst, Andreas Joos, Juergen Bengel, Alexander Wuensch
One of the challenges in research on teaching physician-patient communication is how to assess communication, necessary for evaluating training, the learning process, and for feedback. Few instruments have been validated for real physician-patient consultations. Real consultations involve unique contexts, different persons, and topics, and are difficult to compare. The aim of this study is to develop and validate a rating scale for assessment of such consultations. For the evaluation study of a communication skills training for physicians in oncology, real consultations were recorded in three assessment points...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815129/sdt-a-tree-method-for-detecting-patient-subgroups-with-personalized-risk-factors
#9
Xiangrui Li, Dongxiao Zhu, Ming Dong, Milad Zafar Nezhad, Alexander Janke, Phillip D Levy
Eradicating health disparity is a new focus for precision medicine research. Identifying patient subgroups is an effective approach to customized treatments for maximizing efficiency in precision medicine. Some features may be important risk factors for specific patient subgroups but not necessarily for others, resulting in a potential divergence in treatments designed for a given population. In this paper, we propose a tree-based method, called Subgroup Detection Tree (SDT), to detect patient subgroups with personalized risk factors...
2017: AMIA Summits on Translational Science Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814056/design-of-a-lightweight-tethered-torque-controlled-knee-exoskeleton
#10
Kirby Ann Witte, Andreas M Fatschel, Steven H Collins
Lower-limb exoskeletons show promise for improving gait rehabilitation for those with chronic gait abnormalities due to injury, stroke or other illness. We designed and built a tethered knee exoskeleton with a strong lightweight frame and comfortable, four-point contact with the leg. The device is structurally compliant in select directions, instrumented to measure joint angle and applied torque, and is lightweight (0.76 kg). The exoskeleton is actuated by two off-board motors. Closed loop torque control is achieved using classical proportional feedback control with damping injection in conjunction with iterative learning...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814025/learning-from-demonstration-teaching-a-myoelectric-prosthesis-with-an-intact-limb-via-reinforcement-learning
#11
Gautham Vasan, Patrick M Pilarski
Prosthetic arms should restore and extend the capabilities of someone with an amputation. They should move naturally and be able to perform elegant, coordinated movements that approximate those of a biological arm. Despite these objectives, the control of modern-day prostheses is often nonintuitive and taxing. Existing devices and control approaches do not yet give users the ability to effect highly synergistic movements during their daily-life control of a prosthetic device. As a step towards improving the control of prosthetic arms and hands, we introduce an intuitive approach to training a prosthetic control system that helps a user achieve hard-to-engineer control behaviours...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813797/improving-motor-skill-transfer-during-dyadic-robot-training-through-the-modulation-of-the-expert-role
#12
Elisa Galofaro, Pietro Morasso, Jacopo Zenzeri
In daily life it is necessary to learn skills that can be applied in different tasks and different contexts. Usually these skills are acquired by observation or by direct physical training with another expert person. The critical point is to know which is the best possible way to achieve this knowledge acquisition. In this work we have proposed a collaborative environment where subjects with different levels of expertise have to interact through the use of a robotic platform. A motor skill learning algorithm has been designed in order to allow the less skilled subjects-naïves-to explore the virtual environment and to exploit the advantages of working with a skilled partner...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813173/development-of-a-dermatology-diagnostic-techniques-teaching-session-a-nine-step-approach
#13
Robin M Farrell, Linda G Shell
Creating effective learning experiences for veterinary clinical skills and procedures can be a challenging task. Drawing from both medical and veterinary education literature and personal experiences as practicing veterinarians and educators, the authors share nine key steps that describe the development process of a pre-clinical veterinary clinical skills teaching session. Relevant research and pedagogical principles supporting the effectiveness of the proposed nine-step process were identified and discussed...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812274/oxytocin-and-anxiety-disorders
#14
Michael G Gottschalk, Katharina Domschke
In the present chapter, we review the literature focusing on oxytocin (OT)-centered research in anxiety spectrum conditions, comprising separation anxiety disorder, specific phobias, social anxiety disorder (SAD), panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and anxiety-related endophenotypes (e.g., trust behavior, behavioral inhibition, neuroticism, and state/trait anxiety). OT receptor gene (OXTR) polymorphisms have been implicated in gene-environment interactions with attachment style and childhood maltreatment and to influence clinical outcomes, including SAD intensity and limbic responsiveness...
August 16, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812013/intelligent-techniques-using-molecular-data-analysis-in-leukaemia-an-opportunity-for-personalized-medicine-support-system
#15
REVIEW
Haneen Banjar, David Adelson, Fred Brown, Naeem Chaudhri
The use of intelligent techniques in medicine has brought a ray of hope in terms of treating leukaemia patients. Personalized treatment uses patient's genetic profile to select a mode of treatment. This process makes use of molecular technology and machine learning, to determine the most suitable approach to treating a leukaemia patient. Until now, no reviews have been published from a computational perspective concerning the development of personalized medicine intelligent techniques for leukaemia patients using molecular data analysis...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809718/integration-of-semantic-and-episodic-memories
#16
Adrian Horzyk, Janusz A Starzyk, James Graham
This paper describes the integration of semantic and episodic memory (EM) models and the benefits of such integration. Semantic memory (SM) is used as a foundation of knowledge and concept learning, and is needed for the operation of any cognitive system. EM retains personal experiences stored based on their significance--it is supported by the SM, and in return, it supports SM operations. Integrated declarative memories are critical for cognitive system development, yet very little research has been done to develop their computational models...
August 11, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809588/applying-adult-development-theories-to-improvement-science
#17
Sofia Kjellström, Ann-Christine Andersson
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to address how adult development (AD) theories can contribute to quality improvement (QI). Design/methodology/approach A theoretical analysis and discussion on how personal development empirical findings can relate to QI and Deming's four improvement knowledge domains. Findings AD research shows that professionals have qualitatively diverse ways of meaning-making and ways to approach possibilities in improvement efforts. Therefore, professionals with more complex meaning-making capacities are needed to create successful transformational changes and learning, with the recognition that system knowledge is a developmental capacity...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807487/exploring-how-prison-based-drug-rehabilitation-programming-shapes-racial-disparities-in-substance-use-disorder-recovery
#18
Erin M Kerrison
Prison-based therapeutic community (TC) programming is derived from the perspective that drug addiction is primarily symptomatic of cognitive dysfunction, poor emotional management, and underdeveloped self-reliance skills, and can be addressed in a collaborative space where a strong ideological commitment to moral reform and personal responsibility is required of its members. In this space, evidence of rehabilitation is largely centered on the client's relationship to language and the public adoption of a "broken self" narrative...
August 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806490/challenges-and-resources-for-nurses-participating-in-a-hurricane-sandy-hospital-evacuation
#19
Nancy VanDevanter, Victoria H Raveis, Christine T Kovner, Meriel McCollum, Ronald Keller
PURPOSE: Weather-related disasters have increased dramatically in recent years. In 2012, severe flooding as a result of Hurricane Sandy necessitated the mid-storm patient evacuation of New York University Langone Medical Center. The purpose of this study was to explore, from the nurses' perspective, what the challenges and resources were to carrying out their responsibilities, and what the implications are for nursing education and preparation for disaster. DESIGN: This mixed-methods study included qualitative interviews with a purposive sample of nurses and an online survey of nurses who participated in the evacuation...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806233/enhancing-key-competencies-of-health-professionals-in-the-assessment-and-care-of-adults-at-risk-of-suicide-through-education-and-technology
#20
Kathryn Ryan, Claudia Tindall, Gillian Strudwick
PURPOSE: This article describes efforts undertaken to improve the clinical competencies of health professionals in the area of suicide risk assessment, documentation, and care planning. DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT: Best practices that fit the mental health and addictions setting were identified from the Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario Best Practice Guideline on Assessment and Care of Adults at Risk for Suicidal Ideation and Behaviour. A variety of methods were used to implement the guidelines at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health in Toronto, Ontario, Canada...
September 2017: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
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