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Cardiopulmonary rehabilitation

Sarah Jones, William D-C Man, Wei Gao, Irene J Higginson, Andrew Wilcock, Matthew Maddocks
BACKGROUND: This review is an update of a previously published review in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews Issue 1, 2013 on Neuromuscular electrical stimulation for muscle weakness in adults with advanced disease.Patients with advanced progressive disease often experience muscle weakness, which can impact adversely on their ability to be independent and their quality of life. In those patients who are unable or unwilling to undertake whole-body exercise, neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) may be an alternative treatment to enhance lower limb muscle strength...
October 17, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Eun Young Han, Sang Hee Im, Bo Ryun Kim, Min Ji Seo, Myeong Ok Kim
OBJECTIVE: Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) evaluates arterial stiffness and also predicts early outcome in stroke patients. The objectives of this study were to investigate arterial stiffness of subacute nonfunctional ambulatory stroke patients and to compare the effects of robot-assisted gait therapy (RAGT) combined with rehabilitation therapy (RT) on arterial stiffness and functional recovery with those of RT alone. METHOD: The RAGT group (N = 30) received 30 minutes of robot-assisted gait therapy and 30 minutes of conventional RT, and the control group (N = 26) received 60 minutes of RT, 5 times a week for 4 weeks...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Francesco Carli, Enrico M Minnella
Functional capacity has been shown to be a major determinant of surgical outcome since it is related to postoperative complications, activity and daily function, level of independence and quality of life. Anesthesiologists as "perioperative physicians", can identify those scoring systems that assess functional capacity, whether from the basic physical history and walk test to the most complex such as cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET), and formulate intraoperative and postoperative interventions (rehabilitation) to minimize the impact of surgery on the recovery process...
October 6, 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
Fares Gouzi, Jonathan Maury, François Bughin, Marine Blaquière, Bronia Ayoub, Jacques Mercier, Antonia Perez-Martin, Pascal Pomiès, Maurice Hayot
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Targeting the early mechanisms in exercise-induced arterial hypertension (which precedes resting arterial hypertension in its natural history) may improve cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in COPD patients. Capillary rarefaction, an early event in COPD before vascular remodeling, is a potential mechanism of exercise-induced and resting arterial hypertension. Impaired training-induced capillarization was observed earlier in COPD patients; thus, this study compares the changes in blood pressure (BP) during exercise in COPD patients and matches control subjects (CSs) after a similar exercise training program, in relationship with muscle capillarization...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
P-M Leprêtre, M Ghannem, S Delanaud, T Porcher, A Barnabé, L Gaillard, N Jaunet, T Weissland
: Exercise prescription was generally based on the determination of ventilatory thresholds (VT1, VT2) during cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX). Changes in surface electromyographic activity (EMGth1, EMGth2) were also related to VT1 and VT2 in healthy subjects. OBJECTIVE: To observe the occurrence of EMGth1 and EMGth2 and whether these events accompany VT1 and VT2 during CPX in cardiac patients (CP). METHOD: Thirty-four CP (62.1±7.3years, 172...
September 30, 2016: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
Igor D Gregoric, Rajko Radovancevic, Mehmet H Akay, Mateja K Jezovnik, Sriram Nathan, Manish Patel, Jayeshkumar A Patel, Elena Nedelcu, Nghia D Nguyen, Pranav Loyalka, Biswajit Kar
Implantation of left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) while avoiding cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) may decrease bleeding and improve postoperative recovery. To understand the effectiveness of this approach, we reviewed the charts of 26 patients who underwent HeartWare left ventricular assist device (HVAD) implantation without use of CPB (off-CPB group) and 22 patients who had HVAD implanted with CPB (CPB group) with an emphasis on the 30-day postoperative period. Preoperatively, both groups had similar demographic, functional, and hemodynamic characteristics...
September 22, 2016: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
Thibaut Guiraud, Marc Labrunée, Florent Besnier, Jean-Michel Sénard, Fabien Pillard, Daniel Rivière, Lisa Richard, Davy Laroche, Frédéric Sanguignol, Atul Pathak, Mathieu Gayda, Vincent Gremeaux
BACKGROUND: Isometric strengthening has been rarely studied in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD), mainly because of possible potential side effects and lack of appropriate and reliable devices. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare 2 different modes of resistance training, an isometric mode with the Huber Motion Lab (HML) and traditional strength training (TST), in CHD patients undergoing a cardiac rehabilitation program. DESIGN: We randomly assigned 50 patients to HML or TST...
September 16, 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Po-Cheng Chen, Mei-Yun Liaw, Lin-Yi Wang, Yu-Chin Tsai, Yi-Jung Hsin, Yung-Che Chen, Shyh-Ming Chen, Meng-Chih Lin
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary function can be adversely affected after a cerebrovascular accident in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and feasibility of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) for stroke patients with CHF. METHODS: A prospective randomized single-blind controlled trial was conducted in a single tertiary medical center in southern Taiwan between May 2011 and July 2015. Forty-one patients were enrolled, of whom 21 completed the study (IMT group n = 11 and control group n = 10)...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Chul Kim, Hee Eun Choi, Young-Joon Lim
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect and safety of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) exercise in ischemic cardiomyopathy and to compare the results between patients with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and reduced LVEF. METHODS: Patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy with LVEF <50% were included as subjects. The patients were classified into the preserved LVEF (pLVEF; LVEF 41%-49%) group and the reduced LVEF (rLVEF; LVEF ≤40%) group. Patients underwent hourly aerobic exercise training sessions with an intensity of 60%-85% of heart rate reserve, three times a week for 6 weeks...
August 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Sanjay Kalra, Peter H Brubaker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Samuele Baldasseroni, Alessandra Pratesi, Sara Francini, Rachele Pallante, Riccardo Barucci, Francesco Orso, Costanza Burgisser, Niccolò Marchionni, Francesco Fattirolli
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) and identify predictors of changes in functional capacity with CR in a consecutive series of older adults with a recent cardiac event. DESIGN: Observational. SETTING: In-hospital CR unit. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 75 and older referred to an outpatient CR Unit after an acute coronary event (unstable angina pectoris, acute myocardial infarction) or cardiac surgery (coronary artery bypass grafting, heart valve replacement or repair) (N = 160, mean age 80 ± 4)...
August 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Paulino Alvarez, Bashar Hannawi, Ashrith Guha
Exercise limitation is the hallmark of heart failure, and an increasing degree of intolerance is associated with poor prognosis. Objective evaluation of functional class (e.g., cardiopulmonary exercise testing) is essential for adequate prognostication in patients with advanced heart failure and for implementing an appropriate exercise training program. A graded exercise program has been shown to be beneficial in patients with heart failure and has become an essential component of comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation in these patients...
April 2016: Methodist DeBakey Cardiovascular Journal
Seung-Kyu Lim, Doo Sun Sim, Jae-Young Han
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the prognostic factors of short-term sexual recovery in patients with acute myocardial infarction after phase II cardiac rehabilitation for six weeks. BACKGROUND: It is often observed that patients who have suffered acute myocardial infarction and have sufficient aerobic capacity for sexual activity do not recover sexual activity. Until now, few studies have investigated factors associated with recovery of sexual activity...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Emre Aslanger, Benjamin Assous, Nicolas Bihry, Florence Beauvais, Damien Logeart, Alain Cohen-Solal
OBJECTIVE: Subendocardial viability ratio (SEVR), defined as diastolic to systolic pressure-time integral ratio, is a useful tool reflecting the balance between coronary perfusion and arterial load. Suboptimal SEVR creating a supply-demand imbalance may limit favorable cardiac response to cardiac rehabilitation (CR). To explore this hypothesis, we designed a study to analyze the relationship between baseline SEVR and response to CR in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: In this prospectively study, after baseline arterial tonometry, echocardiography, and cardiopulmonary exercise tests (CPETs), patients undergone 20 sessions of CR...
June 29, 2016: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
Gunilla Haydon, Pamela van der Riet, Jane Maguire
BACKGROUND: The incidence of cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation continues to increase worldwide largely due to greater awareness of the symptoms of cardiac events and increased attention to cardiopulmonary resuscitation training in the community. Globally, predicted survival rates after cardiopulmonary resuscitation have remained at 10% for decades and although patient outcome remains unpredictable, there is a positive trend in life expectancy. For a resuscitation attempt to be classed as successful, not only survival but also quality of life has to be evaluated...
July 21, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Susan Marzolini, Cynthia Danells, Paul I Oh, David Jagroop, Dina Brooks
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cardiac rehabilitation programs (CRPs) are common for cardiac patients; however, most individuals post transient ischemic attack (TIA) receive no rehabilitation despite similar pathologies. The objective of this study is to determine effects of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) on cardiovascular fitness (peak oxygen uptake [VO2peak]) and 6-minute walk distance (6MWD) post TIA. Secondary outcomes included other clinical and process indicators. METHODS: Eighty-five people post TIA (mean age 67...
October 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Julie Depiazzi, Mark L Everard
Excessive exercise-induced shortness of breath is a common complaint. For some, exercise-induced bronchoconstriction is the primary cause and for a small minority there may be an alternative organic pathology. However for many, the cause will be simply reaching their physiological limit or be due to a functional form of dysfunctional breathing, neither of which require drug therapy.The physiological limit category includes deconditioned individuals, such as those who have been through intensive care and require rehabilitation, as well as the unfit and the fit competitive athlete who has reached their limit with both of these latter groups requiring explanation and advice...
June 2016: Breathe
Mauro Felippe Felix Mediano, Fernanda de Souza Nogueira Sardinha Mendes, Vivian Liane Mattos Pinto, Gilberto Marcelo Sperandio da Silva, Paula Simplício da Silva, Fernanda Martins Carneiro, Luiz Henrique Conde Sangenis, Roberto Magalhães Saraiva, Sergio Salles Xavier, Pedro Emmanuel Alvarenga Americano do Brasil, Alejandro Marcel Hasslocher-Moreno, Andrea Silvestre de Sousa
INTRODUCTION: The benefit of a cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program for patients with Chagas heart failure (CHF) remains unclear. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the effects of CR for CHF patients. METHODS: A single-arm pilot study, including 12 patients with CHF, was performed. Patients participated in an 8-month physical exercise intervention, comprising aerobic, strength, and stretching exercises (3 times per week, 60 minutes per session). Nutritional and pharmaceutical counseling were also performed...
May 2016: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
Pier Luigi Temporelli
The epidemiology of chronic heart failure (CHF) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are well known. Each of these conditions has an important impact on quality of life and functional status and on healthcare consumption. Through shared risk factors and pathophysiological mechanisms CHF and COPD coexist more frequently than expected from the respective populations observed by the pulmonologist or cardiologist. This has important prognostic and therapeutic implications. Several registry-based studies and post-hoc analyses of large randomized controlled trials evaluating COPD as a comorbidity in CHF outpatients have highlighted the negative prognostic impact of the comorbidity in terms of constraint in use of recommended treatments...
2016: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
Guillaume Cariou, Thierry Pelaccia
Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest occurs most often at home and often in the presence of family members of the patient who witness the event. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training of the next of kin of at-risk patients is thus potentially beneficial. The aim of our study was to document the prevalence of appropriate training among cardiac patients' cohabitants, as well as the motivations or obstacles to seeking training. 153 cohabitants of 127 patients who were hospitalized 1 year prior for confirmed coronary disease in a cardiology department (Paris, France) were interviewed using a structured questionnaire between October 2013 and March 2014...
June 27, 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
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