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Copd eosinophilia

John Nixon, Paul Newbold, Tomas Mustelin, Gary P Anderson, Roland Kolbeck
Eosinophils have been linked with asthma for more than a century, but their role has been unclear. This review discusses the roles of eosinophils in asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and describes therapeutic antibodies that affect eosinophilia. The aims of pharmacologic treatments for pulmonary conditions are to reduce symptoms, slow decline or improve lung function, and reduce the frequency and severity of exacerbations. Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) are important in managing symptoms and exacerbations in asthma and COPD...
October 20, 2016: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Simon Couillard, Pierre Larivée, Josiane Courteau, Alain Vanasse
RATIONALE: A subset of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) demonstrates eosinophilic inflammation either in their sputum or blood. Previous studies regarding the association between increased blood eosinophils and poor readmission outcomes are conflicting. OBJECTIVE: Investigate outcomes following severe COPD exacerbations in patients with higher blood eosinophils. METHODS: With an observational study design, hospitalizations for severe COPD exacerbation were retrospectively gathered...
October 13, 2016: Chest
Lieuwe D Bos, Peter J Sterk, Stephen J Fowler
Exhaled breath contains thousands of volatile organic compounds that reflect the metabolic process occurring in the host both locally in the airways and systemically. They also arise from the environment and airway microbiome. Comprehensive analysis of breath volatile organic compounds (breathomics) provides opportunities for noninvasive biomarker discovery and novel mechanistic insights. Applications in patients with obstructive lung diseases, such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, include not only diagnostics (especially in children and other challenging diagnostic areas) but also identification of clinical treatable traits, such as airway eosinophilia and risk of infection/exacerbation, that are not specific to diagnostic labels...
October 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Paolo Montuschi, Mario Malerba, Giuseppe Macis, Nadia Mores, Giuseppe Santini
Combining individual drugs in a single inhaler is the most convenient way to deliver triple therapy. A long-acting muscarinic receptor antagonist (LAMA) added to an inhaled corticosteroid (ICS)/long-acting β2-adrenoceptor agonist (LABA) fixed-dose combination (FDC) can improve efficacy of pharmacological treatment of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). New inhaled ICS/LABA/LAMA FDCs, including fluticasone furoate/vilanterol/umeclidinium, budesonide/formoterol/glycopyrronium and beclometasone/formoterol/glycopyrronium, are in Phase III of clinical development for COPD...
July 21, 2016: Drug Discovery Today
Netsanet A Negewo, Vanessa M McDonald, Katherine J Baines, Peter Ab Wark, Jodie L Simpson, Paul W Jones, Peter G Gibson
INTRODUCTION: Sputum eosinophilia occurs in approximately one-third of stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients and can predict exacerbation risk and response to corticosteroid treatments. Sputum induction, however, requires expertise, may not always be successful, and does not provide point-of-care results. Easily applicable diagnostic markers that can predict sputum eosinophilia in stable COPD patients have the potential to progress COPD management. This study investigated the correlation and predictive relationship between peripheral blood and sputum eosinophils...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Vaibhav Shrirang Dhawale, Venkateswara Rao Amara, Pinakin Arun Karpe, Vajir Malek, Deep Patel, Kulbhushan Tikoo
Angiotensin-I converting enzyme (ACE) is positively correlated to asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and is highly expressed in lungs. ACE2, the counteracting enzyme of ACE, was proven to be protective in pulmonary, cardiovascular diseases. In the present study we checked the effect of ACE2 activation in animal model of asthma. Asthma was induced in male wistar rats by sensitization and challenge with ovalbumin and then treated with ACE2 activator, diminazene aceturate (DIZE) for 2weeks...
September 1, 2016: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Katsuyuki Takeda, Nobuaki Miyahara, Shigeki Matsubara, Christian Taube, Kenichi Kitamura, Astushi Hirano, Mitsune Tanimoto, Erwin W Gelfand
Ambroxol is used in COPD and asthma to increase mucociliary clearance and regulate surfactant levels, perhaps through anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. To determine the role and effect of ambroxol in an experimental model of asthma, BALB/c mice were sensitized to ovalbumin (OVA) followed by 3 days of challenge. Airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), lung cell composition and histology, and cytokine and protein carbonyl levels in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid were determined. Ambroxol was administered either before the first OVA challenge or was begun after the last allergen challenge...
June 2016: Immune Network
Masaru Suzuki, Hironi Makita, Satoshi Konno, Kaoruko Shimizu, Hiroki Kimura, Hirokazu Kimura, Masaharu Nishimura
RATIONALE: Some patients with COPD have asthma-like features, such as significant bronchodilator reversibility, blood eosinophilia, and/or atopy, even if they are not clinically diagnosed as having asthma. However, the clinical significance of asthma-like features overlapping with COPD remains unclear. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of asthma-like features on the clinical course of COPD patients who were adequately treated and followed-up over 10 years. METHODS: A total of 268 COPD patients who had been clinically considered as not having asthma by respiratory specialists were included in this study...
May 25, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
F T Malykhin, I V Kostornaya
The basis for airway remoldeling in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is tissue changes contributing to thickening of the walls of the airway and its obstruction. As the disease becomes severer, there are increases in mucosal metaplasia, submucosal hypertrophy, peribronchial fibrosis, and airway smooth muscle mass. Drug therapy for COPD does not virtually lead to regression of airway obstruction, except when eosinophilia is present.
January 2016: Arkhiv Patologii
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 2469 in vol. 10, PMID: 26648709.].
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Laura Serafino-Agrusa, Nicola Scichilone, Mario Spatafora, Salvatore Battaglia
BACKGROUND: In outpatients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), blood eosinophilia is considered as a biomarker of response to systemic corticosteroid therapy. However, little is known on whether blood eosinophilia is also predictive of positive clinical outcome in severe acute exacerbations of COPD requiring hospitalization. We hypothesized that blood eosinophil-positive severe acute exacerbations of COPD differ from eosinophil-negative ones in terms of response to therapy and clinical outcomes...
April 2016: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Gilda Varricchi, Diego Bagnasco, Francesco Borriello, Enrico Heffler, Giorgio W Canonica
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Human eosinophils were first identified and named by Paul Ehrlich in 1879 on the basis of the cell's granular uptake of eosin. Although eosinophils represent approximately 1% of peripheral blood leukocytes, they have the propensity to leave the blood stream and migrate into inflamed tissues. Eosinophils and their mediators are critical effectors to asthma and eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA). Eosinophils are equipped with a large number of cell-surface receptors and produce specific cytokines and chemokines...
April 2016: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Leena George, Christopher E Brightling
The chronic lung diseases, asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), are common affecting over 500 million people worldwide and causing substantial morbidity and mortality. Asthma is typically associated with Th2-mediated eosinophilic airway inflammation, in contrast to neutrophilic inflammation observed commonly in COPD. However, there is increasing evidence that the eosinophil might play an important role in 10-40% of patients with COPD. Consistently in both asthma and COPD a sputum eosinophilia is associated with a good response to corticosteroid therapy and tailored strategies aimed to normalize sputum eosinophils reduce exacerbation frequency and severity...
January 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Chronic Disease
Maximilian Stahl, Amir M Mohareb, Alfred I Lee, Daniel G Federman, Alexa J Siddon, Juliette Spelman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: American Journal of Hematology
Kohei Hasegawa, Carlos A Camargo
In this cohort of 3084 patients hospitalized for acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD), we found that 17% had blood eosinophilia (≥300 cells/μL); the use of an alternative cut-off level (≥2%) demonstrated that 40% had elevated eosinophil count. Patients with eosinophilia had higher frequency of readmission for AECOPD during 1-year follow-up period. This is the first study to investigate the prevalence of eosinophilia among inpatients with AECOPD--the population with the highest morbidity and health-care utilization...
May 2016: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
R Sehmi, S G Smith, M Kjarsgaard, K Radford, L-P Boulet, C Lemiere, C M Prazma, H Ortega, J G Martin, P Nair
BACKGROUND: In severe asthmatics with persistent airway eosinophilia, blockade of interleukin-5 has significant steroid-sparing effects and attenuates blood and sputum eosinophilia. The contribution of local maturational processes of progenitors within the airways relative to the recruitment of mature cells from the peripheral circulation to the development of airway eosinophilia is not known. We hypothesize that local eosinophilopoiesis may be the predominant process that drives persistent airway eosinophilia and corticosteroid requirement in severe asthmatics...
June 2016: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Dildar Duman, Emine Aksoy, Meltem Coban Agca, Nagihan Durmus Kocak, Ipek Ozmen, Ulku Aka Akturk, Sinem Gungor, Fatma Merve Tepetam, Selma Aydogan Eroglu, Selahattin Oztas, Zuhal Karakurt
BACKGROUND: COPD exacerbations requiring hospitalization increase morbidity and mortality. Although most COPD exacerbations are neutrophilic, approximately 10%-25% of exacerbations are eosinophilic. AIM: We aimed to evaluate mortality and outcomes of eosinophilic and non-eosinophilic COPD exacerbations and identify new biomarkers that predict survival. METHODS: A retrospective observational cohort study was carried out in a tertiary teaching hospital from January 1, 2014 to November 1, 2014...
2015: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Marjan Kerkhof, Daryl Freeman, Rupert Jones, Alison Chisholm, David B Price
PURPOSE: Acute COPD exacerbations account for much of the rising disability and costs associated with COPD, but data on predictive risk factors are limited. The goal of the current study was to develop a robust, clinically based model to predict frequent exacerbation risk. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients identified from the Optimum Patient Care Research Database (OPCRD) with a diagnostic code for COPD and a forced expiratory volume in 1 second/forced vital capacity ratio <0...
2015: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Cüneyt Saltürk, Zuhal Karakurt, Nalan Adiguzel, Feyza Kargin, Rabia Sari, M Emin Celik, Huriye Berk Takir, Eylem Tuncay, Ozlem Sogukpinar, Nezihe Ciftaslan, Ozlem Mocin, Gokay Gungor, Selahattin Oztas
BACKGROUND: COPD exacerbations requiring intensive care unit (ICU) admission have a major impact on morbidity and mortality. Only 10%-25% of COPD exacerbations are eosinophilic. AIM: To assess whether eosinophilic COPD exacerbations have better outcomes than non-eosinophilic COPD exacerbations in the ICU. METHODS: This retrospective observational cohort study was conducted in a thoracic, surgery-level III respiratory ICU of a tertiary teaching hospital for chest diseases from 2013 to 2014...
2015: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Miriam Barrecheguren, Miguel Román-Rodríguez, Marc Miravitlles
BACKGROUND: Some patients share characteristics of both COPD and asthma. As yet, there is no gold standard to identify patients with the so-called asthma-COPD overlap syndrome (ACOS). OBJECTIVE: To describe the differences between ACOS patients and the remaining COPD patients, and to compare the clinical characteristics of patients diagnosed with ACOS by two different criteria: previous diagnosis of asthma before the age of 40 years; and the diagnostic criteria of the Spanish guidelines of COPD...
2015: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
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