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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433011/cling-film-plastic-wrap-an-innovation-for-dead-body-packaging-preservation-and-transportation-by-first-responders-as-a-replacement-for-cadaver-body-bag-in-large-scale-disasters
#1
Lay See Khoo, Poh Soon Lai, Mohd Hilmi Saidin, Zahari Noor, Mohd Shah Mahmood
Cadaver body bags are the conventional method to contain a human body or human remains, which includes the use for storage and transportation of the deceased at any crime scene or disaster scene. During disasters, most often than not, the first responders including the police will be equipped with cadaver body bags to do scene processing of human remains and collection of personal belongings at the disaster site. However, in an unanticipated large scale disasters involving hundreds and thousands of fatalities, cadaver body bags supplies may be scarce...
April 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402312/perceptions-and-experiences-of-community-first-responders-on-their-role-and-relationships-qualitative-interview-study
#2
Viet-Hai Phung, Ian Trueman, Fiona Togher, Roderick Ørner, Aloysius Niroshan Siriwardena
BACKGROUND: Community First Responders (CFRs) are lay volunteers who respond to medical emergencies. We aimed to explore perceptions and experiences of CFRs in one scheme about their role. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with a purposive sample of CFRs during June and July 2016 in a predominantly rural UK county. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed using the Framework method, supported by NVivo 10. RESULTS: We interviewed four female and 12 male adult CFRs aged 18-65+ years with different levels of expertise and tenures...
February 5, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315468/when-do-trauma-patients-lose-temperature-a-prospective-observational-study
#3
S C Eidstuen, O Uleberg, G Vangberg, E Skogvoll
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of hypothermia in trauma patients is high and rapid recognition is important to prevent further heat loss. Hypothermia is associated with poor patient outcomes and is an independent predictor of increased mortality. The aim of this study was to analyze the changes in core body temperature of trauma patients during different treatment phases in the pre-hospital and early in-hospital settings. METHODS: A prospective observational cohort study in severely injured patients...
March 2018: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239735/burns-centre-and-fire-services-what-information-can-be-exchanged-to-manage-the-burn-patient
#4
O Pujji, B Nizar, J Bechar, D North, S Jeffery
AIM: To describe the experience of using a "Burns Extrication Form" at a regional Burns Centre. Communication between the fire services and burns team previously has been regarded as poor. Significant information is collected by the fire services at the scene and this can aid the management of the patient. METHODS: The Burns Extrication Form was devised to provide a clear framework of communication between the two services. Information regarding time frames, exposure to heat & smoke, fire loading (potential severity of a fire in a given space by measuring amount of combustible material in confined space), building construction, chemicals involved is passed to the medical team through this form through a National Health Service mailbox...
November 24, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229657/adapting-the-emergency-first-aid-responder-course-for-zambia-through-curriculum-mapping-and-blueprinting
#5
Jennifer L Pigoga, Charmaine Cunningham, Muhumpu Kafwamfwa, Lee A Wallis
OBJECTIVES: Community members are often the first to witness and respond to medical and traumatic emergencies, making them an essential first link to emergency care systems. The Emergency First Aid Responder (EFAR) programme is short course originally developed to help South Africans manage emergencies at the community level, pending arrival of formal care providers. EFAR was implemented in two rural regions of Zambia in 2015, but no changes were originally made to tailor the course to the new setting...
December 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186550/an-objective-neural-signature-of-rapid-perspective-taking
#6
Alexy A Beck, Bruno Rossion, Dana Samson
The frequency-tagging approach has generally been confined to study low-level sensory processes and always found related activation over the occipital region. Here for the first time, we investigated with it, high-level socio-cognitive functions, i.e. the processing of what other people are looking at which is referred to as level 1 visual perspective taking (VPT). Sixteen participants were presented with visual scenes alternating at 2.5 Hz which were depicting a person and an object in a room, while recording electrophysiological brain activity...
January 1, 2018: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151121/impact-of-several-wearers-on-the-persistence-of-dna-on-clothes-a-study-with-experimental-scenarios
#7
Micaela Poetsch, Manuel Pfeifer, Helen Konrad, Thomas Bajanowski, Janine Helmus
The detection of DNA of a certain person on the inside of a piece of clothing involved in a crime scene is usually seen as confirmation that this person is the owner or bearer and therefore participated in this crime. However, besides the possibilities of secondary or even tertiary transfer of DNA, the accused often argues that he lent the garment to another person who by chance did not leave any DNA while committing the crime. Then, forensic genetic scientists have to answer the question how long DNA persists on an item used in daily routine and how long a piece of clothing must be worn to definitively leave detectable DNA behind...
January 2018: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958616/effect-of-subtypes-of-neglect-on-functional-outcome-in-stroke-patients
#8
Simona Spaccavento, Fara Cellamare, Rosanna Falcone, Anna Loverre, Roberto Nardulli
OBJECTIVE: Because of the loss of autonomy in daily-life activities, spatial neglect after stroke is one of the main causes of disability. According to the spatial domains, neglect can be divided into personal (body), peripersonal (reaching) and extrapersonal (far) space. We evaluated the effect of these subtypes of neglect on functional outcome of rehabilitation in stroke patients. METHODS: A total of 1350 stroke patients were consecutively admitted into our neurorehabilitation unit from 2002 to 2016...
November 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882750/grey-areas-new-zealand-ambulance-personnel-s-experiences-of-challenging-resuscitation-decision-making
#9
Natalie Elizabeth Anderson, Merryn Gott, Julia Slark
INTRODUCTION: When faced with a patient in cardiac arrest, ambulance personnel must rapidly make complex decisions with limited information. Much of the research examining decisions to commence, continue, withhold or terminate resuscitation has used retrospective audits of registry data and clinical documentation. This study offers a provider-perspective which characterises uncertainty and highlights clinical, cognitive, emotional and physical demands associated with decision-making in the cardiac arrest context...
September 4, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880175/hyper-lapse-from-multiple-spatially-overlapping-videos
#10
Miao Wang, Jun-Bang Liang, Song-Hai Zhang, Shao-Ping Lu, Ariel Shamir, Shi-Min Hu
Hyper-lapse video with high speed-up rate is an efficient way to overview long videos, such as a human activity in first-person view. Existing hyper-lapse video creation methods produce a fast-forward video effect using only one video source. In this paper, we present a novel hyper-lapse video creation approach based on multiple spatially-overlapping videos. We assume the videos share a common view or location, and find transition points where jumps from one video to another may occur. We represent the collection of videos using a hyper-lapse transition graph; the edges between nodes represent possible hyper-lapse frame transitions...
April 2018: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863557/identification-of-perceptually-relevant-methods-of-inter-aural-time-difference-estimation
#11
Areti Andreopoulou, Brian F G Katz
The inter-aural time difference (ITD) is a fundamental cue for human sound localization. Over the past decades several methods have been proposed for its estimation from measured head-related impulse response (HRIR) data. Nevertheless, inter-method variations in ITD calculation have been found to exceed the known just noticeable differences (JNDs), leading to possible perceptible artifacts in virtual binaural auditory scenes, when personalized HRIRs are being used. In the absence of an objective means for validating ITD estimations, this paper examines which methods lead to the most perceptually relevant results...
August 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852666/designing-a-model-of-patient-tracking-system-for-natural-disaster-in-iran
#12
Nahid Tavakoli, Mohammad H Yarmohammadian, Reza Safdari, Mahmoud Keyvanara
CONTEXT: Disaster patient tracking consists of identifying and registering patients, recording data on their medical conditions, settings priorities for evacuation of scene, locating the patients from scene to health care centers and then till completion of treatment and discharge. AIM: The aim of this study was to design a model of patient tracking system for natural disaster in Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This applied study was conducted in two steps in 2016...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816665/body-structure-aware-deep-crowd-counting
#13
Siyu Huang, Xi Li, Zhongfei Zhang, Fei Wu, Shenghua Gao, Rongrong Ji, Junwei Han
Crowd counting is a challenging task, mainly due to the severe occlusions among dense crowds. This paper aims to take a broader view to address crowd counting from the perspective of semantic modeling. In essence, crowd counting is a task of pedestrian semantic analysis involving three key factors: pedestrians, heads, and their context structure. The information of different body parts is an important cue to help us judge whether there exists a person at a certain position. Existing methods usually perform crowd counting from the perspective of directly modeling the visual properties of either the whole body or the heads only, without explicitly capturing the composite body-part semantic structure information that is crucial for crowd counting...
March 2018: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796177/headgear-accessories-classification-using-an-overhead-depth-sensor
#14
Carlos A Luna, Javier Macias-Guarasa, Cristina Losada-Gutierrez, Marta Marron-Romera, Manuel Mazo, Sara Luengo-Sanchez, Roberto Macho-Pedroso
In this paper, we address the generation of semantic labels describing the headgear accessories carried out by people in a scene under surveillance, only using depth information obtained from a Time-of-Flight (ToF) camera placed in an overhead position. We propose a new method for headgear accessories classification based on the design of a robust processing strategy that includes the estimation of a meaningful feature vector that provides the relevant information about the people's head and shoulder areas...
August 10, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711591/touching-the-void-first-and-third-person-perspectives-in-two-cases-of-autobiographical-amnesia-linked-to-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#15
Adam Zeman, Marcus Byruck, Peter Tallis, Keith Vossel, Daniel Tranel
Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) can be associated with a marked impairment of autobiographical memory. This is occasionally its presenting feature. We describe two individuals with severe epilepsy-associated autobiographical memory loss. Both MB and PT were reassured initially that their memory was intact on the basis of standard neuropsychological tests. Both have written detailed accounts of their symptoms. The key neuropsychological features of their cases are the relative normality of performance on standard memory tests, with preservation of semantic memory for impersonal information, in contrast to a profound amnesia for salient autobiographical episodes and an impoverishment of imaginative scene construction...
February 2018: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427890/attentive-pointing-in-natural-scenes-correlates-with-other-measures-of-attention
#16
Daniel M Jeck, Michael Qin, Howard Egeth, Ernst Niebur
Finger pointing is a natural human behavior frequently used to draw attention to specific parts of sensory input. Since this pointing behavior is likely preceded and/or accompanied by the deployment of attention by the pointing person, we hypothesize that pointing can be used as a natural means of providing self-reports of attention and, in the case of visual input, visual salience. We here introduce a new method for assessing attentional choice by asking subjects to point to and tap the first place they look at on an image appearing on an electronic tablet screen...
June 2017: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427721/infants-use-of-movement-synchrony-to-infer-social-affiliation-in-others
#17
Christine Fawcett, Bahar Tunçgenç
Infants socially engage with others and observe others' social interactions from early in life. One characteristic found to be important for signaling and establishing affiliative social relationships is physical coordination and synchronization of movements. This study investigated whether synchrony in others' movements signals affiliation to 12- and 15-month-old infants. The infants were shown a scene in which two characters moved either synchronously or non-synchronously with a third character in the center...
August 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365362/the-precuneus-and-hippocampus-contribute-to-individual-differences-in-the-unfolding-of-spatial-representations-during-episodic-autobiographical-memory
#18
Melissa Hebscher, Brian Levine, Asaf Gilboa
Spatial information is a central aspect of episodic autobiographical memory (EAM). Space-based theories of memory, including cognitive map and scene construction models, posit that spatial reinstatement is a required process during early event recall. Spatial information can be represented from both allocentric (third-person) and egocentric (first-person) perspectives during EAM, with egocentric perspectives being important for mental imagery and supported by the precuneus. Individuals differ in their tendency to rely on allocentric or egocentric information, and in general, the subjective experience of remembering in EAM differs greatly across individuals...
February 2018: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344913/indoor-localisation-through-object-detection-within-multiple-environments-utilising-a-single-wearable-camera
#19
Colin Shewell, Chris Nugent, Mark Donnelly, Haiying Wang, Macarena Espinilla
The recent growth in the wearable sensor market has stimulated new opportunities within the domain of Ambient Assisted Living, providing unique methods of collecting occupant information. This approach leverages contemporary wearable technology, Google Glass, to facilitate a unique first-person view of the occupants immediate environment. Machine vision techniques are employed to determine an occupant's location via environmental object detection. This method provides additional secondary benefits such as first person tracking within the environment and lack of required sensor interaction to determine occupant location...
2017: Health and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268186/lay-persons-alerted-by-mobile-application-system-initiate-earlier-cardio-pulmonary-resuscitation-a-comparison-with-sms-based-system-notification
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Maria Luce Caputo, Sandro Muschietti, Roman Burkart, Claudio Benvenuti, Giulio Conte, François Regoli, Romano Mauri, Catherine Klersy, Tiziano Moccetti, Angelo Auricchio
AIM: We compared the time to initiation of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) by lay responders and/or first responders alerted either via Short Message Service (SMS) or by using a mobile application-based alert system (APP). METHODS: The Ticino Registry of Cardiac Arrest collects all data about out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs) occurring in the Canton of Ticino. At the time of a bystander's call, the EMS dispatcher sends one ambulance and alerts the first-responders network made up of police officers or fire brigade equipped with an automatic external defibrillator, the so called "traditional" first responders, and - if the scene was considered safe - lay responders as well...
May 2017: Resuscitation
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