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Binge Eating Disorder and adverse childhood experiences

William E Copeland, Cynthia M Bulik, Nancy Zucker, Dieter Wolke, Suzet Tanya Lereya, Elizabeth Jane Costello
OBJECTIVE: Bullying is a common childhood experience with enduring psychosocial consequences. The aim of this study was to test whether bullying increases risk for eating disorder symptoms. METHOD: Ten waves of data on 1,420 participants between ages 9 and 25 were used from the prospective population-based Great Smoky Mountains Study. Structured interviews were used to assess bullying involvement and symptoms of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa as well as associated features...
December 2015: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Kirsti Akkermann, Kadri Kaasik, Evelyn Kiive, Niklas Nordquist, Lars Oreland, Jaanus Harro
Adverse life events have been shown to predict weight fluctuations and dietary restraint, as well as eating disorders during adolescence or early adulthood. Since the s-allele carriers of the 5-HTT gene-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) are biologically more reactive to stress related stimuli, we aimed to explore whether the eating disturbances are predicted by environmental stressors and moderated by the 5-HTTLPR genotype. The sample was based on the younger cohort of the Estonian Children Personality, Behaviour and Health Study and included those participating in its second and third wave...
January 2012: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Corinna Jacobi, Chris Hayward, Martina de Zwaan, Helena C Kraemer, W Stewart Agras
The aims of the present review are to apply a recent risk factor approach (H. C. Kraemer et al., 1997) to putative risk factors for eating disorders, to order these along a timeline, and to deduce general taxonomic questions. Putative risk factors were classified according to risk factor type, outcome (anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge-eating disorder, full vs. partial syndromes), and additional factor characteristics (specificity, potency, need for replication). Few of the putative risk factors were reported to precede the onset of the disorder...
January 2004: Psychological Bulletin
C G Fairburn, H A Doll, S L Welch, P J Hay, B A Davies, M E O'Connor
BACKGROUND: Many risk factors have been implicated for eating disorders, although little is known about those for binge eating disorder. METHODS: A community-based, case-control design was used to compare 52 women with binge eating disorder, 104 without an eating disorder, 102 with other psychiatric disorders, and 102 with bulimia nervosa. RESULTS: The main risk factors identified from the comparison of subjects with binge eating disorder with healthy control subjects were certain adverse childhood experiences, parental depression, vulnerability to obesity, and repeated exposure to negative comments about shape, weight, and eating...
May 1998: Archives of General Psychiatry
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