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Binge Eating Disorder and treatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337025/prevalence-of-obesity-and-comorbid-eating-disorder-behaviors-in-south-australia-from-1995-to-2015
#1
F Q da Luz, A Sainsbury, H Mannan, S Touyz, D Mitchison, P Hay
BACKGROUND: Obesity and eating disorders are often studied and treated separately. Whilst the increases in obesity prevalence are well known, examination of its co-occurrence with eating disorders, a problem also of public health concern, is important because eating disorder behaviors are known to contribute to obesity onset and maintenance, and vice-versa. METHODS: Data from large cross-sectional representative statewide community samples of people in the years of 1995 (n=3001), 2005 (n=3047) and 2015 (n=3005) were analyzed...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335877/cognitive-behavioral-and-psychodynamic-therapy-in-female-adolescents-with-bulimia-nervosa-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Annette Stefini, Simone Salzer, Günter Reich, Hildegard Horn, Klaus Winkelmann, Hinrich Bents, Ursula Rutz, Ulrike Frost, Antje von Boetticher, Uwe Ruhl, Nicole Specht, Klaus-Thomas Kronmüller
OBJECTIVE: The authors compared cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and psychodynamic therapy (PDT) for the treatment of bulimia nervosa (BN) in female adolescents. METHOD: In this randomized controlled trial, 81 female adolescents with BN or partial BN according to the DSM-IV received a mean of 36.6 sessions of manualized disorder-oriented PDT or CBT. Trained psychologists blinded to treatment condition administered the outcome measures at baseline, during treatment, at the end of treatment, and 12 months after treatment...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333513/feedback-in-group-psychotherapy-for-eating-disorders-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
Annika Helgadóttir Davidsen, Stig Poulsen, Jane Lindschou, Per Winkel, Marjun Frígerð Tróndarson, Mette Waaddegaard, Marianne Lau
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of client feedback in group psychotherapy on attendance and treatment outcome for patients with eating disorders. METHOD: We conducted a randomized clinical trial with central randomization stratified for diagnosis and treatment type according to a computer-generated allocation sequence concealed to the investigators. One-hundred and 59 adult participants, diagnosed with bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder, or eating disorder not otherwise specified according to DSM-IV, were included...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324677/intermittent-explosive-disorder-and-eating-disorders-analysis-of-national-comorbidity-and-research-samples
#4
Karen M Jennings, Jennifer E Wildes, Emil F Coccaro
OBJECTIVE: Clinical studies suggest comorbidity between eating disorders and aggressive behaviors. This study examined the pattern of comorbidity between intermittent explosive disorder (IED) and eating disorders (ED). METHODS: Data were analyzed from both the adult and adolescent samples of the National Comorbidity Survey-Replication (n = 19,430) and a clinical research sample (n = 1,642). RESULTS: Lifetime prevalence of Any ED was elevated in IED vs...
March 2, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323350/characteristics-of-seeking-treatment-among-u-s-adolescents-with-eating-disorders
#5
Lauren N Forrest, April R Smith, Sonja A Swanson
OBJECTIVE: The majority of persons with eating disorders (EDs) do not seek ED treatment, yet little is known about treatment-seeking barriers or facilitators. The aim of the study is to describe the characteristics associated with seeking ED treatment among U.S. adolescents with EDs. METHOD: Data from a nationally representative cross-sectional study of U.S. adolescents ages 13-18 years were used for these analyses. Specifically, adolescents who met criteria for lifetime EDs (N = 281) were included...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304341/the-efficacy-of-psychological-therapies-in-reducing-weight-and-binge-eating-in-people-with-bulimia-nervosa-and-binge-eating-disorder-who-are-overweight-or-obese-a-critical-synthesis-and-meta-analyses
#6
REVIEW
Marly Amorim Palavras, Phillipa Hay, Celso Alves Dos Santos Filho, Angélica Claudino
Recurrent binge eating episodes, the core feature of Bulimia Nervosa (BN) and Binge Eating Disorder (BED), are frequently comorbid with obesity. Psychological interventions, notably Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), are effective for binge eating reduction in BED or BN but less so for weight loss. Behavioural Weight Loss Therapy (BWLT) shows effectiveness for binge eating reduction and weight loss but the latter appears poorly sustained over time. Our aim was to review evidence for efficacy of psychological therapies for BN/BED associated with overweight or obesity in reducing binge frequency and weight...
March 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301250/naltrexone-in-the-treatment-of-binge-eating-disorder-in-a-patient-with-severe-alcohol-use-disorder-a-case-report
#7
Arnaud Leroy, Louise Carton, Harry Gomajee, Regis Bordet, Olivier Cottencin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292531/stress-overeating-and-obesity-insights-from-human-studies-and-preclinical-models
#8
REVIEW
Maria Razzoli, Carolyn Pearson, Scott Crow, Alessandro Bartolomucci
Eating disorders and obesity have become predominant in human society. Their association to modern lifestyle, encompassing calorie-rich diets, psychological stress, and comorbidity with major diseases are well documented. Unfortunately the biological basis remains elusive and the pharmacological treatment inadequate, in part due to the limited availability of valid animal models. Human research on binge eating disorder (BED) proves a strong link between stress exposure and bingeing: state-levels of stress and negative affect are linked to binge eating in individuals with BED both in laboratory settings and the natural environment...
March 11, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288802/non-invasive-brain-stimulation-for-food-cravings-consumption-and-disorders-of-eating-a-review-of-methods-findings-and-controversies
#9
REVIEW
Peter A Hall, Corita M Vincent, Amer M Burhan
OBJECTIVE: To describe the state of the human research literature pertaining to the use of non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) procedures for modulating food cravings, food consumption, and treating disorders of eating (i.e., obesity, bulimia nervosa, and anorexia nervosa). METHODS: A narrative review of methods, empirical findings, and current areas of controversy. Both single-session experimental and multi-session therapeutic modalities are considered, separately for repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) technologies...
March 11, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277735/the-core-symptoms-of-bulimia-nervosa-anxiety-and-depression-a-network-analysis
#10
Cheri A Levinson, Stephanie Zerwas, Benjamin Calebs, Kelsie Forbush, Hans Kordy, Hunna Watson, Sara Hofmeier, Michele Levine, Ross D Crosby, Christine Peat, Cristin D Runfola, Benjamin Zimmer, Markus Moesner, Marsha D Marcus, Cynthia M Bulik
Bulimia nervosa (BN) is characterized by symptoms of binge eating and compensatory behavior, and overevaluation of weight and shape, which often co-occur with symptoms of anxiety and depression. However, there is little research identifying which specific BN symptoms maintain BN psychopathology and how they are associated with symptoms of depression and anxiety. Network analyses represent an emerging method in psychopathology research to examine how symptoms interact and may become self-reinforcing. In the current study of adults with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders-Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) diagnosis of BN (N = 196), we used network analysis to identify the central symptoms of BN, as well as symptoms that may bridge the association between BN symptoms and anxiety and depression symptoms...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276171/guided-self-help-for-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-metaregression
#11
REVIEW
Gemma D Traviss-Turner, Robert M West, Andrew J Hill
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based self-help is a recommended first stage of treatment for mild-moderate eating disorders. The provision of guidance enhances outcome. The literature evaluating exclusively 'guided' self-help (GSH) has not been systematically reviewed. METHODS: The aim was to establish the effectiveness of GSH for reducing global eating disorder psychopathology and abstinence from binge eating, compared with controls. Results were pooled using random effects meta-analysis and heterogeneity explored using metaregression...
March 9, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276114/reproductive-and-appetite-hormones-and-bulimic-symptoms-during-midlife
#12
Jessica H Baker, Claire M Peterson, Laura M Thornton, Kimberly A Brownley, Cynthia M Bulik, Susan S Girdler, Marsha D Marcus, Joyce T Bromberger
Eating disorders and related symptoms occur during midlife; however, little is known about their aetiology. It has been hypothesised that perimenopause represents a window of vulnerability for the development or exacerbation of eating disorder symptomatology because, like puberty, perimenopause is a period of reproductive hormone change. We compared symptoms of bulimia nervosa (bulimic symptomatology) assessed via mean scores on a self-report questionnaire in premenopausal and perimenopausal women. We also examined the association between hormone concentrations (reproductive/appetite) and bulimic symptomatology...
March 9, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271453/effects-of-a-food-specific-inhibition-training-in-individuals-with-binge-eating-disorder-findings-from-a-randomized-controlled-proof-of-concept-study
#13
Katrin Elisabeth Giel, Eva Speer, Kathrin Schag, Elisabeth Johanna Leehr, Stephan Zipfel
PURPOSE: Impulsivity might contribute to the development and maintenance of obesity and eating disorders. Patients suffering from binge eating disorder (BED) show an impulsive eating pattern characterized by regular binge eating episodes. Novel behavioral interventions increasing inhibitory control could improve eating behavior in BED. We piloted a novel food-specific inhibition training in individuals with BED. METHODS: N = 22 BED patients according to SCID-I were randomly assigned to three sessions of a training or control condition...
March 7, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261139/assessment-of-dysfunctional-cognitions-in-binge-eating-disorder-factor-structure-and-validity-of-the-mizes-anorectic-cognitions-questionnaire-revised-mac-r
#14
Isabelle Carrard, Stephane Rothen, Maaike Kruseman, Yasser Khazaal
Background: Dysfunctional cognitions regarding weight and shape and their implications for self-esteem are considered core features of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. However, they have also been associated with the severity of binge eating disorder (BED). Therefore, they should be screened with appropriate instruments to tailor treatment to individual patient needs. The Mizes Anorectic Cognitions-Revised (MAC-R) is a self-report questionnaire that lists dysfunctional cognitions related to three hypothesized core beliefs typical of the psychopathology of eating disorders: weight and eating as the basis of approval from others; the belief that rigid self-control is fundamental to self-worth; and the rigidity of weight- and eating-regulation efforts...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259721/neuroendocrinology-and-brain-imaging-of-reward-in-eating-disorders-a-possible-key-to-the-treatment-of-anorexia-nervosa-and-bulimia-nervosa
#15
REVIEW
Alessio Maria Monteleone, Giovanni Castellini, Umberto Volpe, Valdo Ricca, Lorenzo Lelli, Palmiero Monteleone, Mario Maj
Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are severe eating disorders whose etiopathogenesis is still unknown. Clinical features suggest that eating disorders may develop as reward-dependent syndromes, since eating less food is perceived as rewarding in anorexia nervosa while consumption of large amounts of food during binge episodes in bulimia nervosa aims at reducing the patient's negative emotional states. Therefore, brain reward mechanisms have been a major focus of research in the attempt to contribute to the comprehension of the pathophysiology of these disorders...
March 1, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245061/validity-and-utility-of-the-dsm-5-severity-specifier-for-binge-eating-disorder
#16
Antonios Dakanalis, Fabrizia Colmegna, Giuseppe Riva, Massimo Clerici
OBJECTIVE: To test both the concurrent and predictive significance of the new DSM-5 severity specifier for binge-eating disorder (BED) in adult outpatients. METHOD: Existing data from 195 adults with DSM-5 BED who received evidence-based treatment (manual-based cognitive-behavioral therapy) in an outpatient setting were re-analysed to examine whether these patients sub-grouped according to the DSM-5 severity levels, defined by the frequency of binge-eating (BE) episodes, would show meaningful differences in a range of variables of clinical interest assessed at pre-treatment and end-of treatment abstinence from BE...
February 28, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242313/eating-behaviour-among-nutrition-students-and-social-desirability-as-a-confounder
#17
Dóris Freitas, Bruno Mpm Oliveira, Flora Correia, Sílvia Pinhão, Rui Poínhos
INTRODUCTION: The study of eating behaviour should consider the presence of potential sources of bias, including social desirability. This is particularly relevant among students of Nutrition Sciences, since they have a higher risk of eating disorders. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the effect of social desirability in the assessment of eating behaviour dimensions among nutrition students. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we analysed data from 149 students of Nutrition Sciences...
February 27, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238701/deep-brain-stimulation-of-the-subcallosal-cingulate-for-treatment-refractory-anorexia-nervosa-1-year-follow-up-of-an-open-label-trial
#18
Nir Lipsman, Eileen Lam, Matthew Volpini, Kalam Sutandar, Richelle Twose, Peter Giacobbe, Devin J Sodums, Gwenn S Smith, D Blake Woodside, Andres M Lozano
BACKGROUND: Anorexia nervosa is a life-threatening illness. Brain circuits believed to drive anorexia nervosa symptoms can be accessed with surgical techniques such as deep brain stimulation (DBS). Initial results suggest that DBS of the subcallosal cingulate is safe and associated with improvements in mood and anxiety. Here, we investigated the safety, clinical, and neuroimaging outcomes of DBS of the subcallosal cingulate in a group of patients during 12 months of active stimulation...
February 23, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229895/impulse-control-disorders-and-levodopa-induced-dyskinesias-in-parkinson-s-disease-an-update
#19
REVIEW
Valerie Voon, T Celeste Napier, Michael J Frank, Veronique Sgambato-Faure, Anthony A Grace, Maria Rodriguez-Oroz, Jose Obeso, Erwan Bezard, Pierre-Olivier Fernagut
Dopaminergic medications used in the treatment of patients with Parkinson's disease are associated with motor and non-motor behavioural side-effects, such as dyskinesias and impulse control disorders also known as behavioural addictions. Levodopa-induced dyskinesias occur in up to 80% of patients with Parkinson's after a few years of chronic treatment. Impulse control disorders, including gambling disorder, binge eating disorder, compulsive sexual behaviour, and compulsive shopping occur in about 17% of patients with Parkinson's disease on dopamine agonists...
March 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226308/preliminary-examination-of-metabolic-syndrome-response-to-motivational-interviewing-for-weight-loss-as-compared-to-an-attentional-control-and-usual-care-in-primary-care-for-individuals-with-and-without-binge-eating-disorder
#20
Rachel D Barnes, Jessica A Barber
Motivational interviewing (MI) treatment for weight loss is being studied in primary care. The effect of such interventions on metabolic syndrome or binge eating disorder (BED), both highly related to excess weight, has not been examined in primary care. This study conducted secondary analyses from a randomized controlled trial to test the impact of MI for weight loss in primary care on metabolic syndrome. 74 adult participants with overweight/obesity recruited through primary care were randomized to 12weeks of either MI, an attentional control, or usual care...
February 14, 2017: Eating Behaviors
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