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Binge Eating Disorder and treatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341400/are-trans-diagnostic-models-of-eating-disorders-fit-for-purpose-a-consideration-of-the-evidence-for-food-addiction
#1
REVIEW
Janet Treasure, Monica Leslie, Rayane Chami, Fernando Fernández-Aranda
Explanatory models for eating disorders have changed over time to account for changing clinical presentations. The transdiagnostic model evolved from the maintenance model, which provided the framework for cognitive behavioural therapy for bulimia nervosa. However, for many individuals (especially those at the extreme ends of the weight spectrum), this account does not fully fit. New evidence generated from research framed within the food addiction hypothesis is synthesized here into a model that can explain recurrent binge eating behaviour...
January 17, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341203/food-specific-inhibitory-control-under-negative-mood-in-binge-eating-disorder-evidence-from-a-multimethod-approach
#2
Elisabeth J Leehr, Kathrin Schag, Thomas Dresler, Moritz Grosse-Wentrup, Martin Hautzinger, Andreas J Fallgatter, Stephan Zipfel, Katrin E Giel, Ann-Christine Ehlis
OBJECTIVE: Inhibitory control has been discussed as a developmental and maintenance factor in binge-eating disorder (BED). The current study is the first aimed at investigating inhibitory control in a negative mood condition on a psychophysiological and behavioral level in BED with a combination of electroencephalography (EEG) and eye tracking (ET). METHOD: We conducted a combined EEG and ET study with overweight individuals with BED (BED+, n = 24, mean age = 31, mean BMI = 35 kg/m2 ) and without BED (BED-, n = 23, mean age = 28, mean BMI = 35 kg/m2 ) and a normal-weight (NWC, n = 26, mean age 28, mean BMI = 22 kg/m2 ) control group...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331600/a-real-world-study-on-the-genetic-cognitive-and-psychopathological-differences-of-obese-patients-clustered-according-to-eating-behaviours
#3
Mariarita Caroleo, Amedeo Primerano, Marianna Rania, Matteo Aloi, Valentina Pugliese, Fabio Magliocco, Gilda Fazia, Andrea Filippo, Flora Sinopoli, Marco Ricchio, Franco Arturi, Susana Jimenez-Murcia, Fernando Fernandez-Aranda, Pasquale De Fazio, Cristina Segura-Garcia
BACKGROUND: Considering that specific genetic profiles, psychopathological conditions and neurobiological systems underlie human behaviours, the phenotypic differentiation of obese patients according to eating behaviours should be investigated. The aim of this study was to classify obese patients according to their eating behaviours and to compare these clusters in regard to psychopathology, personality traits, neurocognitive patterns and genetic profiles. METHODS: A total of 201 obese outpatients seeking weight reduction treatment underwent a dietetic visit, psychological and psychiatric assessment and genotyping for SCL6A2 polymorphisms...
December 14, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330176/therapists-experiences-with-a-new-treatment-combining-physical-exercise-and-dietary-therapy-the-ped-t-for-eating-disorders-an-interview-study-in-a-randomised-controlled-trial-at-the-norwegian-school-of-sport-sciences
#4
Maria Bakland, Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen, Rolf Wynn, Jan H Rosenvinge, Annett Victoria Stornæs, Gunn Pettersen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study is to explore how therapists running a guided physical exercise and dietary therapy programme (PED-t) experience their contribution to the treatment of patients with bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder. METHODS: Ten therapists running the PED-t were semistructurally interviewed and the transcribed interviews were analysed using a systematic text condensation approach. SETTING: The study was run within the context of a randomised controlled trial at the Norwegian School of Sport Sciences...
January 11, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329692/potential-psychological-neural-mechanisms-in-binge-eating-disorder-implications-for-treatment
#5
REVIEW
Hedy Kober, Rebecca G Boswell
Binge Eating Disorder (BED) is a newly-established eating disorder diagnosis in the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). Although systematic research on BED is in its infancy and many studies feature small samples, several observations emerge. First, we review diagnostic, developmental, and socio-demographic features of BED. Next, although BED and obesity are linked and frequently co-occur, we review data suggesting that BED is a distinct phenotype. Importantly, we take a mechanism-focused approach and propose four psychological processes with neurobiological bases that may uniquely differentiate BED from obesity: emotion reactivity, food-cue reactivity, food craving, and cognitive control...
December 23, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324652/food-addiction-and-binge-eating-lessons-learned-from-animal-models
#6
REVIEW
Marta G Novelle, Carlos Diéguez
The feeding process is required for basic life, influenced by environment cues and tightly regulated according to demands of the internal milieu by regulatory brain circuits. Although eating behaviour cannot be considered "addictive" under normal circumstances, people can become "addicted" to this behaviour, similarly to how some people are addicted to drugs. The symptoms, cravings and causes of "eating addiction" are remarkably similar to those experienced by drug addicts, and both drug-seeking behaviour as eating addiction share the same neural pathways...
January 11, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317417/patients-and-therapists-experiences-with-a-new-treatment-programme-for-eating-disorders-that-combines-physical-exercise-and-dietary-therapy-the-ped-t-trial-a-qualitative-study-protocol
#7
Gunn Pettersen, Jan H Rosenvinge, Maria Bakland, Rolf Wynn, Therese Fostervold Mathisen, Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen
INTRODUCTION: Women with bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder often suffer for many years before they seek professional help. Evidence-based treatments like cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) might be poorly accessible, and about 50% of those who receive CBT respond to it. Such outcome may reflect the heterogeneous nature of eating disorders, and addressing this heterogeneity calls for expanding the portfolio of treatment options. In particular, it is important to explore such options' acceptability, tolerability and affordability expressed through experiences with the treatment...
January 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278426/indicators-of-clinical-significance-among-women-in-the-community-with-binge-eating-disorder-symptoms-delineating-the-roles-of-binge-frequency-body-mass-index-and-overvaluation
#8
Deborah Mitchison, Elizabeth Rieger, Carmel Harrison, Stuart B Murray, Scott Griffiths, Jonathan Mond
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the relative contributions of binge eating, body image disturbance, and body mass index (BMI) to distress and disability in binge-eating disorder (BED). METHOD: A community sample of 174 women with BED-type symptomatology provided demographic, weight, and height information, and completed measures of overvaluation of weight/shape and binge eating, general psychological distress and impairment in role functioning. Correlation and regression analyses examined the associations between predictors (binge eating, overvaluation, BMI), and outcomes (distress, functional impairment)...
December 26, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275778/examining-motivational-interviewing-plus-nutrition-psychoeducation-for-weight-loss-in-primary-care
#9
Rachel D Barnes, Valentina Ivezaj, Steve Martino, Brian P Pittman, Manuel Paris, Carlos M Grilo
OBJECTIVE: Our previous randomized controlled trial found that nutrition psychoeducation (NP), an attention-control condition, produced statistically significantly more weight loss than usual care (UC), whereas motivational interviewing (MI) did not. NP, MI, and UC resulted in medium-large, medium, and negligible effects on weight loss, respectively. To examine whether weight loss could be further improved by combining MI and NP, the current study evaluated the scalable combination (MINP) with accessible web-based materials...
January 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259061/how-do-women-with-eating-disorders-experience-a-new-treatment-combining-guided-physical-exercise-and-dietary-therapy-an-interview-study-of-women-participating-in-a-randomised-controlled-trial-at-the-norwegian-school-of-sport-sciences
#10
Gunn Pettersen, Solveig Sørdal, Jan H Rosenvinge, Tone Skomakerstuen, Therese Fostervold Mathisen, Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate how women with bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED) experience participating in a new treatment programme for eating disorders, based on guided physical exercise and dietary therapy. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: Six women with BN and four with BED were semistructurally interviewed. Transcribed interviews were analysed using a text-condensing analytic approach. RESULTS: The analysis resulted in four main categories: (1) 'a renewed attitude towards physical activity', (2) 'a new perception of food', (3) 'mixed feelings of being in a heterogeneous treatment group' and (4) 'insight in one's own recovery process', each with 2-4 subcategories to express nuances...
December 19, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258368/lisdexamfetamine-chemistry-pharmacodynamics-pharmacokinetics-and-clinical-efficacy-safety-and-tolerability-in-the-treatment-of-binge-eating-disorder
#11
Kristen Ward, Leslie Citrome
The indications for lisdexamfetamine (LDX), a central nervous system stimulant, were recently expanded to include treatment of moderate to severe binge eating disorder (BED). Areas covered: This review aims to describe the chemistry and pharmacology of LDX, as well as the clinical trials investigating the efficacy and safety of this medication for the management of BED. Expert opinion: LDX is the first medication with United States Food and Drug Administration approval for the treatment of BED. It is an inactive prodrug of d-amphetamine that extends the half-life of d-amphetamine to allow for once daily dosing...
January 4, 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245042/is-the-diagnostic-threshold-for-bulimia-nervosa-clinically-meaningful
#12
Danielle A N Chapa, Brittany K Bohrer, Kelsie T Forbush
The DSM-5 differentiates full- and sub-threshold bulimia nervosa (BN) according to average weekly frequencies of binge eating and inappropriate compensatory behaviors. This study was the first to evaluate the modified frequency criterion for BN published in the DSM-5. The purpose of this study was to test whether community-recruited adults (N=125; 83.2% women) with current full-threshold (n=77) or sub-threshold BN (n=48) differed in comorbid psychopathology and eating disorder (ED) illness duration, symptom severity, and clinical impairment...
December 8, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228517/cost-effectiveness-of-internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-for-bulimia-nervosa-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Hunna J Watson, Nicole McLagan, Stephanie C Zerwas, Ross D Crosby, Michele D Levine, Cristin D Runfola, Christine M Peat, Markus Moessner, Benjamin Zimmer, Sara M Hofmeier, Robert M Hamer, Marsha D Marcus, Cynthia M Bulik, Scott J Crow
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of Internet-based cognitive-behavioral therapy for bulimia nervosa (CBT-BN) compared to face-to-face delivery of CBT-BN. METHODS: This study is a planned secondary analysis of data from a randomized clinical trial. Participants were 179 adults (98% female, mean age = 28 years) meeting DSM-IV criteria for bulimia nervosa who were randomized to group face-to-face or group Internet-based CBT-BN for 16 sessions during 20 weeks...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218761/naturalistic-outcome-of-family-based-inpatient-treatment-for-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa
#14
Inger Halvorsen, Deborah Lynn Reas, Jan-Vegard Nilsen, Øyvind Rø
BACKGROUND: Outpatient family-based treatment (FBT) is the best-documented treatment for adolescent anorexia nervosa (AN), but research is scarce on FBT adapted to inpatient settings. AIM: The naturalistic outcome of inpatient FBT for adolescent AN was investigated. METHODS: Thirty-seven (65%) of 57 patients who received inpatient FBT at a tertiary adolescent eating disorders (ED) unit participated in a follow-up interview (mean 4.5 ± 1...
December 8, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215743/driven-exercise-in-the-absence-of-binge-eating-implications-for-purging-disorder
#15
Janet A Lydecker, Megan Shea, Carlos M Grilo
OBJECTIVE: Purging disorder (PD) is characterized by recurrent purging without objectively large binge-eating episodes. PD has received relatively little attention, and questions remain about the clinical significance of "purging" by exercise that is driven or compulsive (i.e., as extreme compensatory or weight-control behavior). The little available research suggests that individuals who use exercise as a compensatory behavior might have less eating-disorder psychopathology than those who purge by vomiting or laxatives, but those studies have had smaller sample sizes, defined PD using low-frequency thresholds, and defined exercise without weight-compensatory or driven elements...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205410/eating-pathology-in-midlife-women-similar-or-different-to-younger-counterparts
#16
Paul E Jenkins, Tom Price
OBJECTIVE: This study examined potential similarities and differences between women with eating disorders (EDs) in midlife and their younger counterparts. METHOD: Seven hundred and three women assessed by a specialist eating disorder service were divided into three groups based on age (18-25, 25-40, and 40+) and compared on a number of clinical and demographic measures. Distribution of ED diagnoses was also examined between groups. RESULTS: Midlife women were less likely to receive a diagnosis of anorexia nervosa and more likely to receive a diagnosis of binge-eating disorder than their younger counterparts...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205115/the-overlap-between-binge-eating-behaviors-and-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-an-etiological-integrative-model
#17
Chiara Paganini, Gregory Peterson, Vasilis Stavropoulos, Isabel Krug
Studies indicate that Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) features (e.g. insulin instability, food cravings, overproduction of androgens and menstrual irregularities) associate with increased appetite, impaired impulse control and feelings of body dissatisfaction. Counter intuitively, binge eating behaviors have been shown to reinforce PCOS symptomatology, precipitating concurrently body dissatisfaction, weight gain, insulin instability and overproduction of androgens. The present systematic literature review aspires to investigate the relationship between binge eating, in the broader context of eating disorder behaviors, and Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS), taking into account shared characteristics between EDs (Eating Disorders) and PCOS...
December 4, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201364/the-association-between-interpersonal-problems-and-treatment-outcome-in-patients-with-eating-disorders
#18
Elise Meyn Ung, Cecilie Birkmose Erichsen, Stig Poulsen, Marianne Engelbrecht Lau, Sebastian Simonsen, Annika Helgadóttir Davidsen
Background: Interpersonal problems are thought to play an essential role in the development and maintenance of eating disorders. The aim of the current study was to investigate whether a specific interpersonal profile could be identified in a group of patients diagnosed with Bulimia Nervosa, Binge Eating Disorder, or Eating Disorders Not Otherwise Specified, and to explore if specific types of interpersonal problems were systematically related to treatment outcome in this group of patients...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185363/do-hispanic-girls-develop-eating-disorders-a-critical-review-of-the-literature
#19
Myanca Rodrigues
INTRODUCTION: Eating disorders have become increasingly prevalent in North America. Anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder were previously thought to solely affect Caucasian women. However, contemporary research has studied the occurrence of this phenomenon in ethnic minority women, such as Latinas. METHODS: This article presents a critical review of 12 quantitative, prospective psychological research studies from the past 17 years. RESULTS: The authors in the reviewed literature identified bodily dissatisfaction, environmental influences, and acculturation as significant risk factors in the development of eating disorders in Hispanic girls and women...
January 1, 2017: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182531/different-facets-of-body-image-disturbance-in-binge-eating-disorder-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Merle Lewer, Anika Bauer, Andrea S Hartmann, Silja Vocks
The goal of the present review is to give an overview of the current findings on various facets of body image disturbance in Binge Eating Disorder such as body dissatisfaction, overconcern with weight and shape, body-related checking and avoidance behavior, misperception of body size, and body-related cognitive bias. In addition, treatments for a disturbed body image in BED and evidence of body image disturbance in youth with binge eating are reviewed. The results show that a disturbed body image in BED is present in the form of overconcern with weight and shape...
November 28, 2017: Nutrients
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