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Binge Eating Disorder and treatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434177/eating-disorders-and-food-addiction-in-men-with-heroin-use-disorder-a-controlled-study
#1
Fatih Canan, Servet Karaca, Suna Sogucak, Omer Gecici, Murat Kuloglu
PURPOSE: We aimed to determine the prevalence estimates of binge eating disorder, bulimia nervosa, anorexia nervosa, and food addiction in men with heroin use disorder and a matched sample of control participants. METHODS: A group of 100 men with heroin use disorder, consecutively admitted to a detoxification and therapy unit, were screened for DSM-5 eating disorders, along with a group of 100 male controls of similar age, education, and body mass index. The Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS), the Barratt Impulsivity Scale-version 11, and the Eating Attitudes Test were used for data collection...
April 22, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434108/emotional-eating-binge-eating-and-animal-models-of-binge-type-eating-disorders
#2
REVIEW
Robert Turton, Rayane Chami, Janet Treasure
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The objective of this paper is to review the role that hedonic factors, emotions and self-regulation systems have over eating behaviours from animal models to humans. RECENT FINDINGS: Evidence has been found to suggest that for some high-risk individuals, obesity/binge eating may develop as an impulsive reaction to negative emotions that over time becomes a compulsive habit. Animal models highlight the neural mechanisms that might underlie this process and suggest similarities with substance use disorders...
April 22, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425618/classifying-adults-with-binge-eating-disorder-based-on-severity-levels
#3
Antonios Dakanalis, Giuseppe Riva, Silvia Serino, Fabrizia Colmegna, Massimo Clerici
The clinical utility of the severity criterion for binge eating disorder (BED), introduced in the DSM-5 as a means of addressing heterogeneity and variability in the severity of this disorder, was evaluated in 189 treatment-seeking adults with (DSM-5) BED. Participants classified with mild, moderate, severe and extreme severity of BED, based on their weekly frequency of binge eating episodes, differed significantly from each other in body mass index (BMI), eating disorder features, putative factors involved in the maintenance process of the disorder, comorbid mood, anxiety and personality disorders, psychological distress, social maladjustment and illness-specific functional impairment (medium-to-large effect sizes)...
April 20, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402901/a-brief-screening-measure-for-binge-eating-in-primary-care
#4
Lindsey M Dorflinger, Christopher B Ruser, Robin M Masheb
OBJECTIVE: Binge eating disorder (BED) is associated with medical and psychiatric issues commonly seen and managed in primary care; however, the disorder typically goes undetected as there are no assessment tools feasible for use in primary care. The objective was to examine the validity of the VA Binge Eating Screener (VA-BES), a single-item screening measure for binge eating. METHOD: The sample consisted of 116 veterans referred to a primary care-based weight management program...
March 30, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402070/evaluation-of-the-dsm-5-severity-indicator-for-anorexia-nervosa
#5
Paulo P P Machado, Carlos M Grilo, Ross D Crosby
OBJECTIVE: This study tested the new DSM-5 severity criterion for anorexia nervosa (AN) based on proposed body mass index (BMI) cut-points. METHOD: Participants were a clinical sample of 201 treatment-seeking patients diagnosed with DSM-5 AN in Portugal. Participants were categorised based on DSM-5 severity levels and were compared on demographic and clinical variables assessed with the Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire. RESULTS: Based on DSM-5 severity definitions for AN, 73 (36...
May 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383364/a-phase-3-multicenter-open-label-12-month-extension-safety-and-tolerability-trial-of-lisdexamfetamine-dimesylate-in-adults-with-binge-eating-disorder
#6
Maria Gasior, James Hudson, Javier Quintero, M Celeste Ferreira-Cornwell, Jana Radewonuk, Susan L McElroy
BACKGROUND: A 12-month, open-label extension study assessed the long-term safety and tolerability of lisdexamfetamine dimesylate (LDX) in adults with binge eating disorder (BED). METHODS: Adults (aged 18-55 y) with BED who completed 1 of 3 antecedent studies were enrolled in a 52-week, open-label extension study (dose optimization, 4 weeks [initial titration dose, 30-mg LDX; target doses, 50- or 70-mg LDX]; dose maintenance, 48 weeks). Safety evaluations included the occurrence of treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs), vital sign and weight assessments, and Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale responses...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376679/dopamine-and-%C3%AE-opioid-receptor-dysregulation-in-the-brains-of-binge-eating-female-rats-possible-relevance-in-the-psychopathology-and-treatment-of-binge-eating-disorder
#7
David J Heal, Michelle Hallam, Michael Prow, Jane Gosden, Sharon Cheetham, Yong K Choi, Frank Tarazi, Peter Hutson
Adult, female rats given irregular, limited access to chocolate develop binge-eating behaviour with normal bodyweight and compulsive/perseverative and impulsive behaviours similar to those in binge-eating disorder. We investigated whether (a) dysregulated central nervous system dopaminergic and opioidergic systems are part of the psychopathology of binge-eating and (b) these neurotransmitter systems may mediate the actions of drugs ameliorating binge-eating disorder psychopathology. Binge-eating produced a 39% reduction of striatal D1 receptors with 22% and 23% reductions in medial and lateral caudate putamen and a 22% increase of striatal μ-opioid receptors...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370208/attitudes-toward-orthorexia-nervosa-relative-to-dsm-5-eating-disorders
#8
Courtney C Simpson, Suzanne E Mazzeo
OBJECTIVE: A pattern of disordered eating involving a pathological fixation with healthy food consumption, labeled orthorexia nervosa (ON), has recently generated attention; however, research has not yet investigated perceptions of ON-related behaviors. This study examined potential stigmatization of ON, compared with DSM-5 ED diagnoses. METHOD: Participants (N = 505) were randomly assigned to read a vignette depicting a woman with anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), binge-eating disorder (BED), or ON...
March 28, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361213/food-addiction-as-a-proxy-for-eating-disorder-and-obesity-severity-trauma-history-ptsd-symptoms-and-comorbidity
#9
REVIEW
Timothy D Brewerton
PURPOSE: Food addiction (FA) is a newly defined yet still controversial condition that has important etiological, developmental, treatment, prevention, and social policy implications. In this review, the case is made that FA (or high scores on the Yale Food Addiction Scale) may be used as a proxy measure for a matrix of interrelated clinical features, including greater eating disorder severity, greater obesity severity, more severe trauma histories, greater symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), greater psychiatric comorbidity, as well as greater medical morbidity and mortality...
March 30, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360240/meta-analysis-of-the-effectiveness-of-psychological-and-medical-treatments-for-binge-eating-disorder-metabed-study-protocol
#10
Anja Hilbert, David Petroff, Stephan Herpertz, Anette Kersting, Reinhard Pietrowsky, Brunna Tuschen-Caffier, Silja Vocks, Ricarda Schmidt
INTRODUCTION: Binge-eating disorder (BED) was included as its own diagnostic entity in the Fifth Edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). An increasing number of treatment studies have been published, but an up-to-date comprehensive meta-analysis on diverse treatment approaches for BED is lacking. In an updated and extension of a previous meta-analysis, the goals of this study are to assess the short-term and long-term effectiveness of psychological and medical treatments for BED...
March 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345215/temporal-discounting-and-the-tendency-to-delay-gratification-across-the-eating-disorder-spectrum
#11
Savani Bartholdy, Samantha Rennalls, Hollie Danby, Claire Jacques, Iain C Campbell, Ulrike Schmidt, Owen G O'Daly
Bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED) have been associated with poorer reward-related inhibitory control, reflected by a reduced tendency to delay gratification. The opposite has been reported in anorexia nervosa (AN), but differences have not been directly compared across eating disorders (EDs). This study investigated self-reported (Delaying Gratification Inventory) and task-based (temporal discounting) inhibitory control in 66 women with an ED and 28 healthy controls (HCs). Poorer task-based inhibitory control was observed in the BN compared with the AN group and poorer self-reported inhibitory control in the BN and in the BED groups compared with the AN and the HC groups, suggesting that reward-related inhibitory control varies across EDs...
March 27, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337025/prevalence-of-obesity-and-comorbid-eating-disorder-behaviors-in-south-australia-from-1995-to-2015
#12
F Q da Luz, A Sainsbury, H Mannan, S Touyz, D Mitchison, P Hay
BACKGROUND: Obesity and eating disorders are often studied and treated separately. While the increases in obesity prevalence are well known, examination of its co-occurrence with eating disorders, a problem also of public health concern, is important because eating disorder behaviors are known to contribute to obesity onset and maintenance, and vice versa. METHODS: Data from large cross-sectional representative statewide community samples of people in the years of 1995 (n=3001), 2005 (n=3047) and 2015 (n=3005) were analyzed...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335877/cognitive-behavioral-and-psychodynamic-therapy-in-female-adolescents-with-bulimia-nervosa-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Annette Stefini, Simone Salzer, Günter Reich, Hildegard Horn, Klaus Winkelmann, Hinrich Bents, Ursula Rutz, Ulrike Frost, Antje von Boetticher, Uwe Ruhl, Nicole Specht, Klaus-Thomas Kronmüller
OBJECTIVE: The authors compared cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and psychodynamic therapy (PDT) for the treatment of bulimia nervosa (BN) in female adolescents. METHOD: In this randomized controlled trial, 81 female adolescents with BN or partial BN according to the DSM-IV received a mean of 36.6 sessions of manualized disorder-oriented PDT or CBT. Trained psychologists blinded to treatment condition administered the outcome measures at baseline, during treatment, at the end of treatment, and 12 months after treatment...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333513/feedback-in-group-psychotherapy-for-eating-disorders-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Annika Helgadóttir Davidsen, Stig Poulsen, Jane Lindschou, Per Winkel, Marjun Frígerð Tróndarson, Mette Waaddegaard, Marianne Lau
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of client feedback in group psychotherapy on attendance and treatment outcome for patients with eating disorders. METHOD: We conducted a randomized clinical trial with central randomization stratified for diagnosis and treatment type according to a computer-generated allocation sequence concealed to the investigators. One-hundred and 59 adult participants, diagnosed with bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder, or eating disorder not otherwise specified according to DSM-IV, were included...
May 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324677/intermittent-explosive-disorder-and-eating-disorders-analysis-of-national-comorbidity-and-research-samples
#15
Karen M Jennings, Jennifer E Wildes, Emil F Coccaro
OBJECTIVE: Clinical studies suggest comorbidity between eating disorders and aggressive behaviors. This study examined the pattern of comorbidity between intermittent explosive disorder (IED) and eating disorders (ED). METHODS: Data were analyzed from both the adult and adolescent samples of the National Comorbidity Survey-Replication (n = 19,430) and a clinical research sample (n = 1,642). RESULTS: Lifetime prevalence of Any ED was elevated in IED vs...
May 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323350/characteristics-of-seeking-treatment-among-u-s-adolescents-with-eating-disorders
#16
Lauren N Forrest, April R Smith, Sonja A Swanson
OBJECTIVE: The majority of persons with eating disorders (EDs) do not seek ED treatment, yet little is known about treatment-seeking barriers or facilitators. The aim of the study is to describe the characteristics associated with seeking ED treatment among U.S. adolescents with EDs. METHOD: Data from a nationally representative cross-sectional study of U.S. adolescents ages 13-18 years were used for these analyses. Specifically, adolescents who met criteria for lifetime EDs (N = 281) were included...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304341/the-efficacy-of-psychological-therapies-in-reducing-weight-and-binge-eating-in-people-with-bulimia-nervosa-and-binge-eating-disorder-who-are-overweight-or-obese-a-critical-synthesis-and-meta-analyses
#17
REVIEW
Marly Amorim Palavras, Phillipa Hay, Celso Alves Dos Santos Filho, Angélica Claudino
Recurrent binge eating episodes, the core feature of Bulimia Nervosa (BN) and Binge Eating Disorder (BED), are frequently comorbid with obesity. Psychological interventions, notably Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), are effective for binge eating reduction in BED or BN but less so for weight loss. Behavioural Weight Loss Therapy (BWLT) shows effectiveness for binge eating reduction and weight loss but the latter appears poorly sustained over time. Our aim was to review evidence for efficacy of psychological therapies for BN/BED associated with overweight or obesity in reducing binge frequency and weight...
March 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301250/naltrexone-in-the-treatment-of-binge-eating-disorder-in-a-patient-with-severe-alcohol-use-disorder-a-case-report
#18
Arnaud Leroy, Louise Carton, Harry Gomajee, Regis Bordet, Olivier Cottencin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292531/stress-overeating-and-obesity-insights-from-human-studies-and-preclinical-models
#19
REVIEW
Maria Razzoli, Carolyn Pearson, Scott Crow, Alessandro Bartolomucci
Eating disorders and obesity have become predominant in human society. Their association to modern lifestyle, encompassing calorie-rich diets, psychological stress, and comorbidity with major diseases are well documented. Unfortunately the biological basis remains elusive and the pharmacological treatment inadequate, in part due to the limited availability of valid animal models. Human research on binge eating disorder (BED) proves a strong link between stress exposure and bingeing: state-levels of stress and negative affect are linked to binge eating in individuals with BED both in laboratory settings and the natural environment...
May 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288802/non-invasive-brain-stimulation-for-food-cravings-consumption-and-disorders-of-eating-a-review-of-methods-findings-and-controversies
#20
REVIEW
Peter A Hall, Corita M Vincent, Amer M Burhan
OBJECTIVE: To describe the state of the human research literature pertaining to the use of non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) procedures for modulating food cravings, food consumption, and treating disorders of eating (i.e., obesity, bulimia nervosa, and anorexia nervosa). METHODS: A narrative review of methods, empirical findings, and current areas of controversy. Both single-session experimental and multi-session therapeutic modalities are considered, separately for repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) technologies...
March 11, 2017: Appetite
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