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Binge Eating Disorder and treatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777967/rates-and-correlates-of-disordered-eating-among-women-veterans-in-primary-care
#1
Laura J Buchholz, Paul R King, Laura O Wray
Rates of disordered eating may be higher among women veterans than civilians, and are associated with co-occurring mental health (MH) conditions, such as depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and alcohol misuse. Although evidence suggests that these conditions are common in primary care settings, limited research has examined symptoms of disordered eating among women veterans in primary care. This study used a cross-sectional design to examine rates and MH correlates of disordered eating among women veterans treated in a primary care setting...
May 16, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756232/differences-in-emotion-regulation-difficulties-among-adults-and-adolescents-across-eating-disorder-diagnoses
#2
Leslie K Anderson, Kimberly Claudat, Anne Cusack, Tiffany A Brown, Julie Trim, Roxanne Rockwell, Tiffany Nakamura, Lauren Gomez, Walter H Kaye
OBJECTIVE: Although much empirical attention has been devoted to emotion regulation (ER) in individuals with eating disorders, little is known about ER across a wide age range and among different ED subtypes. The current study sought to examine ER in a sample of eating disorder patients. METHOD: A total of 364 adults and adolescents with anorexia nervosa restricting subtype (AN-R), anorexia nervosa binge/purge subtype (AN-BP), or bulimia nervosa (BN) were assessed with the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS)...
May 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751819/mindfulness-as-a-complementary-intervention-in-the-treatment-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-primary-health-care-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Vera Salvo, Jean Kristeller, Jesus Montero Marin, Adriana Sanudo, Bárbara Hatzlhoffer Lourenço, Mariana Cabral Schveitzer, Vania D'Almeida, Héctor Morillo, Suely Godoy Agostinho Gimeno, Javier Garcia-Campayo, Marcelo Demarzo
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness has been applied in the United States and Europe to improve physical and psychological health; however, little is known about its feasibility and efficacy in a Brazilian population. Mindfulness may also be relevant in tackling obesity and eating disorders by decreasing binge eating episodes-partly responsible for weight regain for a large number of people-and increasing awareness of emotional and other triggers for overeating. The aim of the present study protocol is to evaluate and compare the feasibility and efficacy of two mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) addressing overweight and obesity in primary care patients: a general programme called Mindfulness-Based Health Promotion and a targeted mindful eating protocol called Mindfulness-Based Eating Awareness Training...
May 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745445/prevalence-of-psychiatric-morbidity-in-united-states-military-spouses-the-millennium-cohort-family-study
#4
Maria M Steenkamp, Nida H Corry, Meng Qian, Meng Li, Hope Seib McMaster, John A Fairbank, Valerie A Stander, Laura Hollahan, Charles R Marmar
BACKGROUND: Approximately half of US service members are married, equating to 1.1 million military spouses, yet the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity among military spouses remains understudied. We assessed the prevalence and correlates of eight mental health conditions in spouses of service members with 2-5 years of service. METHOD: We employed baseline data from the Millennium Cohort Family Study, a 21-year longitudinal survey following 9,872 military-affiliated married couples representing all US service branches and active duty, Reserve, and National Guard components...
May 10, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737942/starvation-symptoms-in-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-a-longitudinal-study
#5
Simona Calugi, Elisa Chignola, Marwan El Ghoch, Riccardo Dalle Grave
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the change in starvation symptoms over time and their role as potential predictors of change in eating disorder and general psychopathology in patients with anorexia nervosa treated by means of intensive enhanced cognitive behavioral therapy (ICBT-E). METHOD: Ninety adult female patients with anorexia nervosa (63 restricting type and 27 binge-eating/purging type) were recruited. Body mass index (BMI), Eating Disorder Examination (EDE) interview, Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q), Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) and Starvation Symptoms Inventory (SSI) scores were recorded at admission, at the end of treatment, and at 6-month follow-up...
May 8, 2018: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723712/the-presence-of-your-absence-a-conditioning-theory-of-grief
#6
Yannick Boddez
I present a conditioning theory of grief. From conditioning research on appetitive disorders (e.g., addiction and binge eating), I borrow the concept cue-elicited craving. More precisely, the theory postulates that, throughout a life together, a variety of cues become associated with the presence of the loved one and that because of this these cues can trigger craving and (an action tendency for) searching for the deceased. Starting from this perspective, I additionally invoke extinction phenomena to explain the possible persistence of grief...
April 24, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720107/the-experience-of-women-with-an-eating-disorder-in-the-perinatal-period-a-meta-ethnographic-study
#7
Sarah Fogarty, Rakime Elmir, Phillipa Hay, Virginia Schmied
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is a time of enormous body transformation. For those with an eating disorder during pregnancy this time of transformation can be distressing and damaging to both the mother and the child. In this meta-ethnographic study, we aimed to examine the experiences of women with an Eating Disorder in the perinatal period; that is during pregnancy and two years following birth. METHOD: A meta-ethnographic framework was used in this review. After a systematic online search of the literature using the keywords such as pregnancy, eating disorders, anorexia, bulimia, binge eating disorder, perinatal, postnatal and post-partum, 11 papers, involving 94 women, were included in the review...
May 2, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717794/are-treatment-results-for-eating-disorders-affected-by-adhd-symptoms-a-one-year-follow-up-of-adult-females
#8
Nils Erik Svedlund, Claes Norring, Ylva Ginsberg, Yvonne von Hausswolff-Juhlin
OBJECTIVE: To explore the influence of self-reported Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms on recovery rate at 1-year follow-up in an unselected group of patients in a specialized eating disorder (ED) clinic. METHODS: Four hundred forty-three adult females with an ED were assessed with the ADHD Self-Report Scale for Adults (ASRS-screener), and for demographic variables and ED symptoms. Recovery was registered at 1-year follow-up. RESULTS: A high degree of ADHD symptoms at baseline was predictive for nonrecovery of ED at 1-year follow-up in patients with loss of control over eating, bingeing, or purging...
May 2, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695260/a-single-arm-pilot-study-of-guided-self-help-treatment-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-bulimia-nervosa-in-japanese-clinical-settings
#9
R Setsu, K Asano, N Numata, M Tanaka, H Ibuki, T Yamamoto, R Uragami, J Matsumoto, Y Hirano, M Iyo, E Shimizu, M Nakazato
OBJECTIVE: Guided self-help treatments based on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT-GSH) are regarded as a first-line effective treatment for bulimia nervosa (BN). With limited application for CBT-GSH in Japanese clinical settings, we conducted a single arm pilot study in order to confirm the acceptability and availability of CBT-GSH in Japan. RESULTS: 25 women with BN received 16-20 sessions of face-to-face CBT-GSH. Primary outcomes were the completion rate of intervention and abstinence rates from objective bingeing and purging as assessed by the Eating Disorder Examination...
April 25, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670751/comparing-physical-activity-in-individuals-with-overweight-obesity-with-and-without-binge-eating-disorder
#10
J A Barber, V Ivezaj, R D Barnes
Objective: Differential participation in physical activity (PA) may partially explain the health discrepancies between individuals with or without binge-eating disorder (BED). Yet, little is known about the PA habits of individuals with overweight/obesity and how those patterns may differ based on BED status. PA patterns and exercise self-efficacy were examined in individuals with overweight/obesity, with and without BED. Design: Ninety-seven participants with overweight/obesity self-reported their PA via the Godin Leisure-Time Questionnaire and the Paffenbarger PA Questionnaire...
April 2018: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670748/factors-associated-with-healthy-and-unhealthy-workplace-eating-behaviours-in-individuals-with-overweight-obesity-with-and-without-binge-eating-disorder
#11
S L Leung, J A Barber, A Burger, R D Barnes
Objective: Most Americans spend an average of 8 hours per day in the workplace. Current understanding of eating behaviours in the workplace and their association with overweight, obesity and binge eating disorder (BED) is limited. Workplace eating behaviours and weight-related self-efficacy were examined in a sample of 98 individuals with overweight or obesity, with or without BED. Design: Participants completed the Weight Efficacy Lifestyle Questionnaire, Work and Social Adjustment Scale, Worker's Perception of Environmental Factors, and a Workplace Questionnaire...
April 2018: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651258/associations-between-core-symptoms-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-both-binge-and-restrictive-eating
#12
Panagiota Kaisari, Colin T Dourish, Pia Rotshtein, Suzanne Higgs
Introduction: It is unclear whether core symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) relate to specific types of disordered eating and little is known about the mediating mechanisms. We investigated associations between core symptoms of ADHD and binge/disinhibited eating and restrictive eating behavior and assessed whether negative mood and/or deficits in awareness and reliance on internal hunger/satiety cues mediate these relationships. Methods: In two independent studies, we used a dimensional approach to study ADHD and disordered eating...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642775/-dis-solving-the-weight-problem-in-binge-eating-disorder-systemic-insights-from-three-treatment-contexts-with-weight-stability-weight-loss-and-weight-acceptance
#13
Lene Bomholt Meyer, Mette Waaddegaard, Marianne Engelbrecht Lau, Tine Tjørnhøj-Thomsen
Binge-eating disorder (BED) is a severe eating disorder strongly associated with obesity. Treatments struggle to provide safe and effective ways of addressing weight in a BED context. This study explored a two-phased treatment for BED developed at a major out-patient eating disorder service in Denmark. The study used interviews and participant observations to gain insight into experiences and processes related to weight and body issues in three treatment contexts that addressed weight stability, weight acceptance, and weight loss...
April 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627003/using-real-time-fmri-brain-computer-interfacing-to-treat-eating-disorders
#14
REVIEW
Moses O Sokunbi
Real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging based brain-computer interfacing (fMRI neurofeedback) has shown encouraging outcomes in the treatment of psychiatric and behavioural disorders. However, its use in the treatment of eating disorders is very limited. Here, we give a brief overview of how to design and implement fMRI neurofeedback intervention for the treatment of eating disorders, considering the basic and essential components. We also attempt to develop potential adaptations of fMRI neurofeedback intervention for the treatment of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder...
May 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626350/correlates-of-suicidal-ideation-in-college-women-with-eating-disorders
#15
Neha J Goel, Shiri Sadeh-Sharvit, Rachael E Flatt, Mickey Trockel, Katherine N Balantekin, Ellen E Fitzsimmons-Craft, Grace E Monterubio, Marie-Laure Firebaugh, Corinna Jacobi, Denise E Wilfley, C Barr Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To identify the correlates of suicidal ideation (SI) in a large sample of college women with eating disorders (EDs). METHOD: A total of 690 female college students from 28 US colleges who screened positive for an ED, with the exception of anorexia nervosa, were assessed for SI. Univariate logistic regression analyses were performed to determine independent correlates of SI. Measures included: ED psychopathology, ED behaviors (i.e., binge eating, vomiting, laxatives, compulsive exercise), current co-morbid psychopathology (i...
April 6, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620392/randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-culturally-adapted-program-for-latinas-with-binge-eating
#16
Fary M Cachelin, Virginia Gil-Rivas, Brooke Palmer, Alyssa Vela, Phoutdavone Phimphasone, Brisa Urquieta de Hernandez, Hazel Tapp
Binge eating disorder (BED) is the most prevalent eating disorder among Latinas. Furthermore, Latinas report more frequent binge eating and higher levels of associated mental health symptoms as compared with non-Latino White women. Research demonstrates that Latinas' eating problems largely go undetected and untreated and that they face numerous barriers to seeking professional help. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)-based guided self-help (CBTgsh) for binge eating is a more affordable and disseminable intervention than traditional CBT treatment...
April 5, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602325/a-register-based-case-control-study-of-health-care-utilization-and-costs-in-binge-eating-disorder
#17
Hunna J Watson, Andreas Jangmo, Tosha Smith, Laura M Thornton, Yvonne von Hausswolff-Juhlin, Manisha Madhoo, Claes Norring, Elisabeth Welch, Camilla Wiklund, Henrik Larsson, Cynthia M Bulik
OBJECTIVE: Capturing trends in healthcare utilization may help to improve efficiencies in the detection and diagnosis of illness, to plan service delivery, and to forecast future health expenditures. For binge-eating disorder (BED), issues include lengthy delays in detection and diagnosis, missed opportunities for recognition and treatment, and morbidity. The study objective was to compare healthcare utilization and expenditure in people with and without BED. METHODS: A case-control design and nationwide registers were used...
May 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593595/how-does-food-taste-in-anorexia-and-bulimia-nervosa-a-protocol-for-a-quasi-experimental-cross-sectional-design-to-investigate-taste-aversion-or-increased-hedonic-valence-of-food-in-eating-disorders
#18
David Garcia-Burgos, Sabine Maglieri, Claus Vögele, Simone Munsch
Background: Despite on-going efforts to better understand dysregulated eating, the olfactory-gustatory deficits and food preferences in eating disorders (ED), and the mechanisms underlying the perception of and responses to food properties in anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) remain largely unknown; both during the course of the illness and compared to healthy populations. It is, therefore, necessary to systematically investigate the gustatory perception and hedonics of taste in patients with AN and BN...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565629/-consensus-document-about-the-nutritional-evaluation-and-management-of-eating-disorders-bulimia-nervosa-binge-eating-disorder-and-others
#19
Carmen Gómez Candela, Samara Palma Milla, Alberto Miján-de-la-Torre, Pilar Rodríguez Ortega, Pilar Matía Martín, Viviana Loria Cohen, Rocío Campos Del Portillo, M ª Nuria Virgili Casas, Miguel Á Martínez Olmos, M ª Teresa Mories Álvarez, M ª José Castro Alija, Ángela Martín-Palmero
Bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder are unique nosological entities. Both show a large variability related to its presentation and severity which involves different therapeutic approaches and the need to individualize the treatment, thus it is indispensable a multidisciplinary approach. Patients with bulimia nervosa may suffer from malnutrition and deficiency states or even excess weight, while in binge eating disorders, it is common overweight or obesity, which determine other comorbidities. Many of the symptoms and complications are associated with compensatory behaviors...
March 7, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542211/efficacy-of-a-partial-hospital-programme-for-adults-with-eating-disorders
#20
Tiffany A Brown, Anne Cusack, Leslie K Anderson, Julie Trim, Tiffany Nakamura, Mary Ellen Trunko, Walter H Kaye
Partial hospital programmes (PHPs) have demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of eating disorders (EDs); however, few programmes have examined long-term outcomes across diagnoses, including subtypes of anorexia nervosa (AN). The present study examined the effectiveness of PHP for adult patients (n = 243) with AN-restricting subtype (n = 79), AN binge/purge subtype (n = 46), and bulimia nervosa (n = 118). These patients tended to have long-standing courses of illness (43%, illness duration >7 years) and high levels of psychiatric comorbidity (92...
March 14, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
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