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Binge Eating Disorder and treatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910177/development-and-validation-of-a-brief-measure-of-eating-compulsivity-mec
#1
Ria Schroder, John Douglas Sellman, Simon Adamson
Food addiction is increasingly being recognised as a contributory factor in overweight and obesity. Management of eating compulsivity, a key component of food addiction, may assist greatly in the successful treatment of obesity. Measurement of food addiction and its core characteristic of eating compulsivity is fundamental to increasing understandings of the concept of food addiction, its prevalence among people with and without obesity and its utility within a treatment context. The current study describes the development and initial validation of a brief measure of eating compulsivity that can be used within clinical and research settings to establish a person's level of eating compulsivity...
September 14, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901678/improving-inhibitory-control-abilities-impulse-a-promising-approach-to-treat-impulsive-eating
#2
Hanna Preuss, Marlies Pinnow, Katja Schnicker, Tanja Legenbauer
Although there is preliminary evidence that inhibitory control training improves impulsive eating, less is known about the effects on eating behaviour and weight loss in clinical samples. Sixty-nine treatment-seeking adults with obesity (binge-eating disorder 33.3%; other specific feeding and eating disorders 40.6%) were randomly blockwise allocated to ImpulsE, an intervention to improve inhibitory control and emotion regulation abilities or a guideline-appropriate cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)-based treatment as usual...
September 13, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895569/the-effects-of-the-monoamine-stabilizer-osu6162-on-binge-like-eating-and-cue-controlled-food-seeking-behavior-in-rats
#3
K Feltmann, C Giuliano, B J Everitt, P Steensland, J Alsiö
Binge eating disorder (BED) is characterized by recurring episodes of excessive consumption of palatable food and an increased sensitivity to food cues. Patients with BED display an addiction-like symptomatology and the dopamine system might be a potential treatment target. The clinically safe monoamine stabilizer (-)-OSU6162 (OSU6162) restores dopaminergic dysfunction in long-term alcohol drinking rats and shows promise as a novel treatment for alcohol use disorder. Here, the effects of OSU6162 on consummatory (binge-like eating) and appetitive (cue-controlled seeking) behavior motivated by chocolate-flavored sucrose pellets were evaluated in non-food-restricted male Lister Hooded rats...
September 12, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874196/eating-behavior-and-psychological-profile-associations-between-daughters-with-distinct-eating-disorders-and-their-mothers
#4
Verónica Vázquez-Velázquez, Martha Kaufer-Horwitz, Juan Pablo Méndez, Eduardo García-García, Lucy María Reidl-Martínez
BACKGROUND: Associations of eating behaviors and psychological profile between mothers and daughters with eating disorders exist, but it is important to dissect the influence of the mother in each specific disorder since all eating disorders must be seen or treated not as one entity. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association of eating behavior and psychological profile between mothers and daughters with different eating disorders and a control group. METHODS: The study group included young girls with anorexia nervosa (AN, n = 30), bulimia nervosa (BN, n = 30), binge eating disorder (BED, n = 19), and a control group of women (Non-ED, n = 54) together with their mothers...
September 6, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857236/the-impact-of-dsm-5-on-the-diagnosis-and-severity-indicator-of-eating-disorders-in-a-treatment-seeking-sample
#5
Yoshikatsu Nakai, Kazuko Nin, Shun'ichi Noma, Satoshi Teramukai, Kei Fujikawa, Stephen A Wonderlich
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of the DSM-5 on the diagnoses and severity indicators of eating disorders, we conducted a comparative study on the classification of eating disorders including subtypes of anorexia nervosa (AN) between the DSM-IV and DSM-5 criteria. In addition, we studied the association of the DSM-5 severity criteria and clinical variables. METHOD: Participants were 304 outpatients, aged 16-45 years, with eating disorders, diagnosed using semi-structured clinical interviews and the eating disorder examination questionnaire (EDE-Q)...
August 31, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846695/novel-and-ultra-rare-damaging-variants-in-neuropeptide-signaling-are-associated-with-disordered-eating-behaviors
#6
Michael Lutter, Ethan Bahl, Claire Hannah, Dabney Hofammann, Summer Acevedo, Huxing Cui, Carrie J McAdams, Jacob J Michaelson
OBJECTIVE: Eating disorders develop through a combination of genetic vulnerability and environmental stress, however the genetic basis of this risk is unknown. METHODS: To understand the genetic basis of this risk, we performed whole exome sequencing on 93 unrelated individuals with eating disorders (38 restricted-eating and 55 binge-eating) to identify novel damaging variants. Candidate genes with an excessive burden of predicted damaging variants were then prioritized based upon an unbiased, data-driven bioinformatic analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843136/correlates-of-weight-related-quality-of-life-among-individuals-with-binge-eating-disorder-before-and-after-cognitive-behavioral-therapy
#7
Tyler B Mason, Ross D Crosby, Ronette L Kolotkin, Carlos M Grilo, James E Mitchell, Stephen A Wonderlich, Scott J Crow, Carol B Peterson
Individuals with obesity and binge eating disorder (BED) report poorer weight-related quality of life (WRQOL) compared to individuals with obesity alone. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), the best available treatment for BED, does not consistently produce weight loss or improvements in weight QOL. The purpose of the current study was to examine baseline and longitudinal associations between eating-related and psychosocial variables and dimensions of weight QOL. We examined associations between predictor variables, including body mass index (BMI), eating disorder (ED) psychopathology, and psychosocial factors, in relation to three dimensions of WRQOL among 171 patients whom received CBT for BED...
August 18, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833350/hypothalamic-crf1-receptor-mechanisms-are-not-sufficient-to-account-for-binge-like-palatable-food-consumption-in-female-rats
#8
Maria Vittoria Micioni Di Bonaventura, Massimo Ubaldi, Maria Elena Giusepponi, Kenner C Rice, Maurizio Massi, Roberto Ciccocioppo, Carlo Cifani
OBJECTIVE: The present study evaluated the effect of systemic injection of the CRF1 receptor antagonist R121919, the corticosterone synthesis inhibitor metyrapone and central amygdala (CeA) injections of the nonselective CRF antagonist D-Phe-CRF(12-41) in rats in which binge eating was evoked by stress and cycles of food restriction. METHOD: Female rats were subjected or not to repeated cycles of regular chow food restriction/ad libitum feeding during which they were also given limited access (2 h) to palatable food...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833314/rapid-improvements-in-emotion-regulation-predict-intensive-treatment-outcome-for-patients-with-bulimia-nervosa-and-purging-disorder
#9
Danielle E MacDonald, Kathryn Trottier, Marion P Olmsted
OBJECTIVE: Rapid and substantial behavior change (RSBC) early in cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for eating disorders is the strongest known predictor of treatment outcome. Rapid change in other clinically relevant variables may also be important. This study examined whether rapid change in emotion regulation predicted treatment outcomes, beyond the effects of RSBC. METHOD: Participants were diagnosed with bulimia nervosa or purging disorder (N = 104) and completed ≥6 weeks of CBT-based intensive treatment...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831684/distinct-and-untamed-articulating-bulimic-identities
#10
Karin Eli
Bulimia nervosa and anorexia nervosa are inextricably linked, with substantial clinical and epidemiological overlaps. Yet, while anorexia has been analyzed extensively in medical anthropology, bulimia remains under-theorized. This is, perhaps, because, compared to self-starvation, binge eating presents a logic of practice that is difficult to reconcile with culturally reified notions of self-control, transcendence, and hard work. Thus, although anthropologists have analyzed anorexic subjectivities as imbued with a sense of cleanliness and purity, moral superiority, and heroics, similar analyses have not been extended to bulimic subjectivities; instead, bulimia has been subsumed, as a tangential disorder, into analyses of anorexia...
August 22, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830840/binge-eating-disorder-clinical-and-therapeutic-advances
#11
REVIEW
Peter H Hutson, Iris M Balodis, Marc N Potenza
Binge-eating disorder (BED) is the most prevalent eating disorder with estimates of 2-5% of the general adult population. Nonetheless, its pathophysiology is poorly understood. Furthermore, there exist few therapeutic options for its effective treatment. Here we review the current state of binge-eating neurobiology and pharmacology, drawing from clinical therapeutic, neuroimaging, cognitive, human genetic and animal model studies. These studies, which are still in their infancy, indicate that while there are many gaps in our knowledge, several key neural substrates appear to underpin binge-eating and may be conserved between human and animals...
August 19, 2017: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806268/pharmacotherapy-of-eating-disorders
#12
Haley Davis, Evelyn Attia
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Medications are commonly prescribed in the treatment of eating disorders. In this review, we discuss relevant medications used for the treatment of bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder (BED), and anorexia nervosa. We focus on recent research developments, where applicable, in addition to discussing important findings from older studies to provide a complete synopsis of the current evidence base for eating disorder treatment using pharmacologic agents. RECENT FINDINGS: Medications are generally useful for patients with bulimia nervosa and BED...
August 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804985/a-randomised-controlled-comparison-of-second-level-treatment-approaches-for-treatment-resistant-adults-with-bulimia-nervosa-and-binge-eating-disorder-assessing-the-benefits-of-virtual-reality-cue-exposure-therapy
#13
Marta Ferrer-García, José Gutiérrez-Maldonado, Joana Pla-Sanjuanelo, Ferran Vilalta-Abella, Giuseppe Riva, Massimo Clerici, Joan Ribas-Sabaté, Alexis Andreu-Gracia, Fernando Fernandez-Aranda, Laura Forcano, Nadine Riesco, Isabel Sánchez, Neli Escandón-Nagel, Osane Gomez-Tricio, Virginia Tena, Antonios Dakanalis
A question that arises from the literature on therapy is whether second-level treatment is effective for patients with recurrent binge eating who fail first-level treatment. It has been shown that subjects who do not stop binge eating after an initial structured cognitive-behavioural treatment (CBT) programme benefit from additional CBT (A-CBT) sessions; however, it has been suggested that these resistant patients would benefit even more from cue exposure therapy (CET) targeting features associated with poor response (e...
August 14, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778106/-treatment-of-eating-disorders-by-emotion-regulation
#14
Valerija Sipos, Ulrich Schweiger, Kamila Jauch-Chara, Eva Faßbinder
Patients with an eating disorder have difficulties perceiving emotions. They have skills deficits in the acceptance, modification and opposite action to emotion driven behavior. They use disturbed eating behavior (restrained eating, binge eating and purging), but also situational avoidance, dissociation and substance use as an instrument for emotional avoidance. This constitutes an innovative starting point for therapy.
August 4, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771758/group-psychotherapy-for-eating-disorders-a-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Renee Grenon, Dominique Schwartze, Nicole Hammond, Iryna Ivanova, Nancy Mcquaid, Genevieve Proulx, Giorgio A Tasca
OBJECTIVE: In the current meta-analysis, we review the effect of group psychotherapy compared to both wait-list controls and other active treatments for adults with eating disorders (EDs). METHOD: Twenty-seven randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that provide direct comparisons with a total of 1,853 participants were included. RESULTS: Group psychotherapy is significantly more effective than wait-list controls at achieving abstinence rates of binge eating and/or purging (RR = 5...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771285/assessment-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-binge-eating-disorder
#16
Janet A Ambrogne
Binge eating disorder (BED) is the most prevalent eating disorder in the United States, believed to affect an estimated 2.8 million adults. In the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, BED was recognized as a separate diagnosis. The purpose of the current article is to provide an overview of BED including assessment, diagnosis, and current pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatment options. Implications for nursing are also addressed. [Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 55(8), 32-38...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770423/perceived-social-support-for-exercise-and-weight-loss-in-adolescents-undergoing-sleeve-gastrectomy
#17
Eleanor Race Mackey, Alexandra Olson, Stephanie Merwin, Jichuan Wang, Evan P Nadler
OBJECTIVES: Bariatric surgery is an effective treatment for youth with severe obesity. However, outcomes are variable and there remains sparse understanding of predictors of weight loss following surgery. The current study examines the role of adolescent-reported pre-operative social support around exercise, binge eating, and exercise to predict excess body mass index (EBMI) loss from 3 to 12 months post-surgery. METHOD: Participants were 101 adolescents ages 12-21 (M age = 16...
August 2, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768334/effect-of-internet-based-guided-self-help-vs-individual-face-to-face-treatment-on-full-or-subsyndromal-binge-eating-disorder-in-overweight-or-obese-patients-the-interbed-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Martina de Zwaan, Stephan Herpertz, Stephan Zipfel, Jennifer Svaldi, Hans-Christoph Friederich, Frauke Schmidt, Andreas Mayr, Tony Lam, Carmen Schade-Brittinger, Anja Hilbert
Importance: Although cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) represents the criterion standard for treatment of binge eating disorder (BED), most individuals do not have access to this specialized treatment. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of internet-based guided self-help (GSH-I) compared with traditional, individual face-to-face CBT. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Internet and Binge Eating Disorder (INTERBED) study is a prospective, multicenter, randomized, noninferiority clinical trial (treatment duration, 4 months; follow-ups, 6 months and 1...
August 2, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767016/personality-disorders-and-psychological-functioning-among-latina-women-with-eating-disorders
#19
Alyssa M Minnick, Fary M Cachelin, Ramani S Durvasula
Little is known about personality disorders (PD) and comorbidities among Latinas with eating disorders (ED). The dysregulation and chronicity of PDs can complicate and augment the symptomatology of EDs. This set of analyses provides a preliminary examination of PD and psychopathology in a sample of Latina women with ED. Participants (N = 34) were administered the Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Eating Disorders Examination, and Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III to assess personality pathology, and questionnaires (Beck Depression Inventory-II and Brief Symptom Inventory) to assess psychological functioning...
July 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766762/is-laxative-misuse-associated-with-binge-eating-examination-of-laxative-misuse-among-individuals-seeking-treatment-for-eating-disorders
#20
Roni Elran-Barak, Andrea B Goldschmidt, Scott J Crow, Carol B Peterson, Laura Hill, Ross D Crosby, James E Mitchell, Daniel Le Grange
OBJECTIVE: Our research focuses on laxative misuse, which has been understudied in previous eating disorders (ED) research, to understand its prevalence and correlates among individuals seeking ED treatment. We also test the association between laxative misuse and binge eating to examine the assumption that laxative misuse is intended to compensate for binge eating. METHOD: Participants were 2,295 ED treatment-seeking adults (29.5 ± 10.5) who self-reported their disordered eating behaviors on the Eating Disorder Questionnaire...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
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