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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160181/chick-embryo-model-homing-and-host-interactions-of-tissue-engineering-aimed-human-dental-stem-cells
#1
Jennifer Adriane Dos Santos, Monica Talarico Duailibi, Durvanei Augusto Maria, Sonia Elisabete Alves de Lima Will, Paulo Cesar Simoes Silva, Ligia Ferreira Gomes, Silvio Eduardo Duailibi
Human dental stem cells (hDSC) have a potential for regenerative therapies and could differentiate in vitro into many tissues such as dentin, nerve and vascular endothelium. Gallus gallus domesticus developing fertilized egg, or chick embryo is an experimental model absent of xenografts rejection, largely employed in replacement of mammal species in scientific research and pre-clinical studies to evaluate angiogenesis and vasculogenesis, tissue differentiation, and embryonic development. This multiscale research deals with the homing and cell signaling effects of a standardized hDSC towards the receptor tissues of Gallus gallus domesticus in ovo...
November 21, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157881/deformation-of-avian-middle-ear-structures-under-static-pressure-loads-and-potential-regulation-mechanisms
#2
Raf Claes, Pieter G G Muyshondt, Joris J J Dirckx, Peter Aerts
Static pressure changes can alter the configuration and mechanical behavior of the chain of ossicles, which may affect the acoustic transfer function. In mammals, the Eustachian tube plays an important role in restoring ambient middle ear pressure, hence restoring the acoustic transfer function and excluding barotrauma of the middle and inner ear. Ambient pressure fluctuations can be potentially extreme in birds and due to the simple structure of the avian middle ear (one ossicle, one muscle), regulation of the middle ear pressure via reflexive opening of the pharyngotympanic tube appears all the more important...
November 7, 2017: Zoology: Analysis of Complex Systems, ZACS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151485/evolution-of-vertebrate-ryanodine-receptors-family-in-relation-to-functional-divergence-and-conservation
#3
Zhiwen Ding, Juan Peng, Yanyan Liang, Chunjie Yang, Guoliang Jiang, Jun Ren, Yunzeng Zou
Ryanodine receptors (RyRs), the large homotetrameric protein complexes, regulate the release of calcium from intracellular stores into the cytosol and play vital roles in the excitation-contraction coupling of cells. However, the evolutionary relationship of RyRs in vertebrates has yet to be elucidated. We identified 22 RyRs from Homo sapiens, Mus musculus, Rattus norvegicus, Gallus gallus, Anolis carolinensis, Rana catesbeiana, and Danio rerio. The phylogenetic relationship, motifs analysis and reconstruction of ancestral RyRs showed that the members of RyR family in vertebrates were grouped into three clades: the RyR1 clade, the RyR2 clade, and the RyR3 clade...
November 17, 2017: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143989/nanos2-promotes-differentiation-of-chicken-gallus-gallus-embryonic-stem-cells-to-male-germ-cells
#4
Zhang Wenhui, Bi Yulin, Wang Yingjie, Li Dong, He Nana, Wang Man, Jin Jing, Zuo Qisheng, Zhang Yani, Li Bichun
Nanos2 is an evolutionarily conserved RNA-binding protein containing 2 CCHC-type zinc finger motives. Here, we report that Nanos2 is strongly expressed in the testis compared to other tissues in chicken (Gallus gallus). Overexpression and knockout plasmid vectors were constructed, and in-vitro Cas9/gRNA digestion and T7 endonuclease I (T7E1) assay indicated that Nanos2-g1 possessed the highest knockout activity. In vitro and in vivo, Nanos2 overexpression accelerated the production of embryoid bodies (EBs) and SSC-like cells and promoted cvh, c-kit and integrin α6 expression...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125788/internet-related-disorders-development-of-the-short-compulsive-internet-use-scale
#5
Bettina Besser, Hans-Jürgen Rumpf, Anja Bischof, Gert-Jan Meerkerk, Susumu Higuchi, Gallus Bischof
The addiction treatment system only reaches a small number of individuals suffering from Internet-related disorders. Therefore, it is important to improve case detection for preventive measures and brief interventions. Existing screening instruments are often time-consuming and rarely validated using clinical criteria. The aim of this study is to develop an optimized short screening for problematic Internet use and Internet addiction (IA). A regression analysis was conducted in random subsamples of a merged sample (N = 3,040; N = 1,209) to examine the item performance of the Compulsive Internet Use Scale (CIUS)...
November 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121537/permethrin-drastically-affects-the-developmental-cycle-of-the-non-target-slime-mould-dictyostelium-discoideum
#6
Andrea Amaroli, Lorenzo Gallus, Sara Ferrando
The use of pyrethroids has increased throughout the world over the past few decades, as organophosphate, carbamate and organochlorine insecticides are being phased out. Permethrin is widely used in the USA for crops treatment, at concentrations around 750 × 10(3) μg/L. In our study 3.6 μg/L permethrin decreases the fission-rate and the fruiting bodies formation of slime mould Dictyostelium discoideum. Whereas 3.6 × 10(4) μg/L kills the 100% of amoebae, showing a 24 h-LC50 = 96.6 μg/L. This concentration induces an increase in the pseudocholinesterase activity as well as in both butyrylcholinesterase and heat-shock-protein 70 presence...
October 26, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120510/in-vitro-characterization-of-gamma-oscillations-in-the-hippocampal-formation-of-the-domestic-chick
#7
Pradeep Dheerendra, Nicholas M Lynch, Joseph Crutwell, Mark O Cunningham, Tom V Smulders
Avian and mammalian brains have evolved independently from each other for about 300 million years. During that time, the hippocampal formation (HF) has diverged in morphology and cyto-architecture, but seems to have conserved much of its function. It is therefore an open question how seemingly different neural organizations can generate the same function. A prominent feature of the mammalian hippocampus is that it generates different neural oscillations, including the gamma rhythm, which plays an important role in memory processing...
November 9, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111013/genotype-phenotype-and-oct-correlations-in-autosomal-dominant-optic-atrophy-related-to-opa1-gene-mutations-report-of-13-italian-families
#8
E Pretegiani, F Rosini, A Rufa, G N Gallus, E Cardaioli, P Da Pozzo, S Bianchi, V Serchi, M Collura, R Franceschini, S Bianchi Marzoli, M T Dotti, A Federico
Mutations in OPA1 are responsible of 32-89% cases of Autosomal Dominant Optic Atrophy (ADOA). OPA1 ADOA usually presents in childhood with bilateral, progressive visual loss due to retinal ganglion cells neurodegeneration, but environmental factors are supposed to influence onset and phenotype. Sixty Italian OPA1 mutations carriers (fifty-two symptomatic), belonging to thirteen families, underwent neuro-ophthalmologic evaluation. Visual acuity (n=60) and Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) (n=12) were compared in missense mutations (OPA-M) versus haploinsufficiency-inducing mutations (OPA-H) and correlated with age...
November 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108650/biophysical-characterization-of-genetically-encoded-voltage-sensor-asap1-dynamic-range-improvement
#9
Elizabeth E L Lee, Francisco Bezanilla
Recent work has introduced a new fluorescent voltage sensor, ASAP1, which can monitor rapid trains of action potentials in cultured neurons. This indicator is based on the Gallus gallus voltage-sensitive phosphatase with the phosphatase domain removed and a circularly permuted GFP placed in the S3-S4 linker. However, many of the biophysical details of this indicator remain unknown. In this work, we study the biophysical properties of ASAP1. Using the cut-open voltage clamp technique, we have simultaneously recorded fluorescence signals and gating currents from Xenopus laevis oocytes expressing ASAP1...
November 21, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104410/human-aided-movement-of-viral-disease-and-the-archaeology-of-avian-osteopetrosis
#10
B Tyr Fothergill
The term avian osteopetrosis is used to describe alterations to the skeletal elements of several species of domestic bird, most typically the chicken, Gallus gallus domesticus (L. 1758). Such lesions are routinely identified in animal bones from archaeological sites due to their distinctive appearance, which is characterised by proliferative diaphyseal thickening. These lesions are relatively uncomplicated for specialists to differentially diagnose and are caused by a range of avian leucosis viruses in a series of subgroups...
September 2017: Int J Osteoarchaeol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100933/ethnopharmacological-implications-of-quantitative-and-network-analysis-for-traditional-knowledge-regarding-the-medicinal-use-of-animals-by-indigenous-people-in-wolchulsan-national-park-korea
#11
Geun Kim, Hyun Kim, Mi-Jang Song
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The purpose of this study was to record, analyze, and identify ethnopharmacological implications for oral traditional knowledge regarding the medicinal use of animals by indigenous people living in Wolchulsan National Park, Korea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected through interviews, informal meetings, open and group discussions, and observations guided by semi-structured questionnaires. Data were analyzed via quantitative analysis of informant consensus factor and fidelity level, and network analysis, including centrality and clustering analysis...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093191/silica-induced-fibrosis-an-ancient-response-from-the-early-metazoans
#12
Marina Pozzolini, Sonia Scarfì, Lorenzo Gallus, Sara Ferrando, Carlo Cerrano, Marco Giovine
Exposure to crystalline silica particles causes silicosis, an occupational disease leading to an overproduction of collagen in the lung. The first step of this pathology is characterized by the release of inflammatory mediators. Tumour necrosis factor (TNF) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine directly involved in silica-induced pulmonary fibrosis. The marine demosponge Chondrosia reniformis is able to incorporate silica grains and partially dissolve the crystalline forms apparently without toxic effects. In the present work, C...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092902/dose-response-relationship-between-cigarette-smoking-and-site-specific-cancer-risk-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-with-an-original-design-combining-umbrella-and-traditional-reviews
#13
Alessandra Lugo, Cristina Bosetti, Giulia Peveri, Matteo Rota, Vincenzo Bagnardi, Silvano Gallus
INTRODUCTION: Only a limited number of meta-analyses providing risk curve functions of dose-response relationships between various smoking-related variables and cancer-specific risk are available. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: To identify all relevant original publications on the issue, we will conduct a series of comprehensive systematic reviews based on three subsequent literature searches: (1) an umbrella review, to identify meta-analyses, pooled analyses and systematic reviews published before 28 April 2017 on the association between cigarette smoking and the risk of 28 (namely all) malignant neoplasms; (2) for each cancer site, an updated review of original publications on the association between cigarette smoking and cancer risk, starting from the last available comprehensive review identified through the umbrella review; and (3) a review of all original articles on the association between cigarette smoking and site-specific cancer risk included in the publications identified through the umbrella review and the updated reviews...
November 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089849/bioactivity-of-cod-and-chicken-protein-hydrolysates-%C3%A2-before-and-after-in-vitro-gastrointestinal-digestion
#14
Polona Jamnik, Katja Istenič, Tatjana Koštomaj, Tune Wulff, Margrét Geirsdóttir, Annette Almgren, Rósa Jónsdóttir, Hordur G Kristinsson, Ingrid Undeland
Bioactivity of cod (Gadus morhua) and chicken (Gallus domesticus) protein hydrolysates before and after in vitro gastrointestinal (GI) digestion was investigated using yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a model organism. Both hydrolysates were exposed to in vitro GI digestion prior to cellular exposure to simulate digestion conditions in the human body and therefore investigate the role of modulations in the GI tract on the cell response. The effect of digested and undigested hydrolysates on intracellular oxidation, cellular metabolic energy and proteome level was investigated...
September 2017: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081711/performance-of-the-atlas-track-reconstruction-algorithms-in-dense-environments-in-lhc-run-2
#15
M Aaboud, G Aad, B Abbott, J Abdallah, O Abdinov, B Abeloos, S H Abidi, O S AbouZeid, N L Abraham, H Abramowicz, H Abreu, R Abreu, Y Abulaiti, B S Acharya, S Adachi, L Adamczyk, J Adelman, M Adersberger, T Adye, A A Affolder, T Agatonovic-Jovin, C Agheorghiesei, J A Aguilar-Saavedra, S P Ahlen, F Ahmadov, G Aielli, S Akatsuka, H Akerstedt, T P A Åkesson, A V Akimov, G L Alberghi, J Albert, P Albicocco, M J Alconada Verzini, M Aleksa, I N Aleksandrov, C Alexa, G Alexander, T Alexopoulos, M Alhroob, B Ali, M Aliev, G Alimonti, J Alison, S P Alkire, B M M Allbrooke, B W Allen, P P Allport, A Aloisio, A Alonso, F Alonso, C Alpigiani, A A Alshehri, M Alstaty, B Alvarez Gonzalez, D Álvarez Piqueras, M G Alviggi, B T Amadio, Y Amaral Coutinho, C Amelung, D Amidei, S P Amor Dos Santos, A Amorim, S Amoroso, G Amundsen, C Anastopoulos, L S Ancu, N Andari, T Andeen, C F Anders, J K Anders, K J Anderson, A Andreazza, V Andrei, S Angelidakis, I Angelozzi, A Angerami, A V Anisenkov, N Anjos, A Annovi, C Antel, M Antonelli, A Antonov, D J Antrim, F Anulli, M Aoki, L Aperio Bella, G Arabidze, Y Arai, J P Araque, V Araujo Ferraz, A T H Arce, R E Ardell, F A Arduh, J-F Arguin, S Argyropoulos, M Arik, A J Armbruster, L J Armitage, O Arnaez, H Arnold, M Arratia, O Arslan, A Artamonov, G Artoni, S Artz, S Asai, N Asbah, A Ashkenazi, L Asquith, K Assamagan, R Astalos, M Atkinson, N B Atlay, K Augsten, G Avolio, B Axen, M K Ayoub, G Azuelos, A E Baas, M J Baca, H Bachacou, K Bachas, M Backes, M Backhaus, P Bagnaia, H Bahrasemani, J T Baines, M Bajic, O K Baker, E M Baldin, P Balek, F Balli, W K Balunas, E Banas, Sw Banerjee, A A E Bannoura, L Barak, E L Barberio, D Barberis, M Barbero, T Barillari, M-S Barisits, T Barklow, N Barlow, S L Barnes, B M Barnett, R M Barnett, Z Barnovska-Blenessy, A Baroncelli, G Barone, A J Barr, L Barranco Navarro, F Barreiro, J Barreiro Guimarães da Costa, R Bartoldus, A E Barton, P Bartos, A Basalaev, A Bassalat, R L Bates, S J Batista, J R Batley, M Battaglia, M Bauce, F Bauer, H S Bawa, J B Beacham, M D Beattie, T Beau, P H Beauchemin, P Bechtle, H P Beck, K Becker, M Becker, M Beckingham, C Becot, A J Beddall, A Beddall, V A Bednyakov, M Bedognetti, C P Bee, T A Beermann, M Begalli, M Begel, J K Behr, A S Bell, G Bella, L Bellagamba, A Bellerive, M Bellomo, K Belotskiy, O Beltramello, N L Belyaev, O Benary, D Benchekroun, M Bender, K Bendtz, N Benekos, Y Benhammou, E Benhar Noccioli, J Benitez, D P Benjamin, M Benoit, J R Bensinger, S Bentvelsen, L Beresford, M Beretta, D Berge, E Bergeaas Kuutmann, N Berger, J Beringer, S Berlendis, N R Bernard, G Bernardi, C Bernius, F U Bernlochner, T Berry, P Berta, C Bertella, G Bertoli, F Bertolucci, I A Bertram, C Bertsche, D Bertsche, G J Besjes, O Bessidskaia Bylund, M Bessner, N Besson, C Betancourt, A Bethani, S Bethke, A J Bevan, J Beyer, R M Bianchi, O Biebel, D Biedermann, R Bielski, N V Biesuz, M Biglietti, T R V Billoud, H Bilokon, M Bindi, A Bingul, C Bini, S Biondi, T Bisanz, C Bittrich, D M Bjergaard, C W Black, J E Black, K M Black, R E Blair, T Blazek, I Bloch, C Blocker, A Blue, W Blum, U Blumenschein, S Blunier, G J Bobbink, V S Bobrovnikov, S S Bocchetta, A Bocci, C Bock, M Boehler, D Boerner, D Bogavac, A G Bogdanchikov, C Bohm, V Boisvert, P Bokan, T Bold, A S Boldyrev, A E Bolz, M Bomben, M Bona, M Boonekamp, A Borisov, G Borissov, J Bortfeldt, D Bortoletto, V Bortolotto, D Boscherini, M Bosman, J D Bossio Sola, J Boudreau, J Bouffard, E V Bouhova-Thacker, D Boumediene, C Bourdarios, S K Boutle, A Boveia, J Boyd, I R Boyko, J Bracinik, A Brandt, G Brandt, O Brandt, U Bratzler, B Brau, J E Brau, W D Breaden Madden, K Brendlinger, A J Brennan, L Brenner, R Brenner, S Bressler, D L Briglin, T M Bristow, D Britton, D Britzger, F M Brochu, I Brock, R Brock, G Brooijmans, T Brooks, W K Brooks, J Brosamer, E Brost, J H Broughton, P A Bruckman de Renstrom, D Bruncko, A Bruni, G Bruni, L S Bruni, B H Brunt, M Bruschi, N Bruscino, P Bryant, L Bryngemark, T Buanes, Q Buat, P Buchholz, A G Buckley, I A Budagov, F Buehrer, M K Bugge, O Bulekov, D Bullock, T J Burch, H Burckhart, S Burdin, C D Burgard, A M Burger, B Burghgrave, K Burka, S Burke, I Burmeister, J T P Burr, E Busato, D Büscher, V Büscher, P Bussey, J M Butler, C M Buttar, J M Butterworth, P Butti, W Buttinger, A Buzatu, A R Buzykaev, S Cabrera Urbán, D Caforio, V M Cairo, O Cakir, N Calace, P Calafiura, A Calandri, G Calderini, P Calfayan, G Callea, L P Caloba, S Calvente Lopez, D Calvet, S Calvet, T P Calvet, R Camacho Toro, S Camarda, P Camarri, D Cameron, R Caminal Armadans, C Camincher, S Campana, M Campanelli, A Camplani, A Campoverde, V Canale, M Cano Bret, J Cantero, T Cao, M D M Capeans Garrido, I Caprini, M Caprini, M Capua, R M Carbone, R Cardarelli, F Cardillo, I Carli, T Carli, G Carlino, B T Carlson, L Carminati, R M D Carney, S Caron, E Carquin, S Carrá, G D Carrillo-Montoya, J Carvalho, D Casadei, M P Casado, M Casolino, D W Casper, R Castelijn, V Castillo Gimenez, N F Castro, A Catinaccio, J R Catmore, A Cattai, J Caudron, V Cavaliere, E Cavallaro, D Cavalli, M Cavalli-Sforza, V Cavasinni, E Celebi, F Ceradini, L Cerda Alberich, A S Cerqueira, A Cerri, L Cerrito, F Cerutti, A Cervelli, S A Cetin, A Chafaq, D Chakraborty, S K Chan, W S Chan, Y L Chan, P Chang, J D Chapman, D G Charlton, C C Chau, C A Chavez Barajas, S Che, S Cheatham, A Chegwidden, S Chekanov, S V Chekulaev, G A Chelkov, M A Chelstowska, C Chen, H Chen, S Chen, S Chen, X Chen, Y Chen, H C Cheng, H J Cheng, A Cheplakov, E Cheremushkina, R Cherkaoui El Moursli, V Chernyatin, E Cheu, L Chevalier, V Chiarella, G Chiarelli, G Chiodini, A S Chisholm, A Chitan, Y H Chiu, M V Chizhov, K Choi, A R Chomont, S Chouridou, V Christodoulou, D Chromek-Burckhart, M C Chu, J Chudoba, A J Chuinard, J J Chwastowski, L Chytka, A K Ciftci, D Cinca, V Cindro, I A Cioara, C Ciocca, A Ciocio, F Cirotto, Z H Citron, M Citterio, M Ciubancan, A Clark, B L Clark, M R Clark, P J Clark, R N Clarke, C Clement, Y Coadou, M Cobal, A Coccaro, J Cochran, L Colasurdo, B Cole, A P Colijn, J Collot, T Colombo, P Conde Muiño, E Coniavitis, S H Connell, I A Connelly, S Constantinescu, G Conti, F Conventi, M Cooke, A M Cooper-Sarkar, F Cormier, K J R Cormier, M Corradi, F Corriveau, A Cortes-Gonzalez, G Cortiana, G Costa, M J Costa, D Costanzo, G Cottin, G Cowan, B E Cox, K Cranmer, S J Crawley, R A Creager, G Cree, S Crépé-Renaudin, F Crescioli, W A Cribbs, M Cristinziani, V Croft, G Crosetti, A Cueto, T Cuhadar Donszelmann, A R Cukierman, J Cummings, M Curatolo, J Cúth, H Czirr, P Czodrowski, G D'amen, S D'Auria, L D'eramo, M D'Onofrio, M J Da Cunha Sargedas De Sousa, C Da Via, W Dabrowski, T Dado, T Dai, O Dale, F Dallaire, C Dallapiccola, M Dam, J R Dandoy, M F Daneri, N P Dang, A C Daniells, N S Dann, M Danninger, M Dano Hoffmann, V Dao, G Darbo, S Darmora, J Dassoulas, A Dattagupta, T Daubney, W Davey, C David, T Davidek, M Davies, D R Davis, P Davison, E Dawe, I Dawson, K De, R de Asmundis, A De Benedetti, S De Castro, S De Cecco, N De Groot, P de Jong, H De la Torre, F De Lorenzi, A De Maria, D De Pedis, A De Salvo, U De Sanctis, A De Santo, K De Vasconcelos Corga, J B De Vivie De Regie, W J Dearnaley, R Debbe, C Debenedetti, D V Dedovich, N Dehghanian, I Deigaard, M Del Gaudio, J Del Peso, T Del Prete, D Delgove, F Deliot, C M Delitzsch, A Dell'Acqua, L Dell'Asta, M Dell'Orso, M Della Pietra, D Della Volpe, M Delmastro, C Delporte, P A Delsart, D A DeMarco, S Demers, M Demichev, A Demilly, S P Denisov, D Denysiuk, D Derendarz, J E Derkaoui, F Derue, P Dervan, K Desch, C Deterre, K Dette, M R Devesa, P O Deviveiros, A Dewhurst, S Dhaliwal, F A Di Bello, A Di Ciaccio, L Di Ciaccio, W K Di Clemente, C Di Donato, A Di Girolamo, B Di Girolamo, B Di Micco, R Di Nardo, K F Di Petrillo, A Di Simone, R Di Sipio, D Di Valentino, C Diaconu, M Diamond, F A Dias, M A Diaz, E B Diehl, J Dietrich, S Díez Cornell, A Dimitrievska, J Dingfelder, P Dita, S Dita, F Dittus, F Djama, T Djobava, J I Djuvsland, M A B do Vale, D Dobos, M Dobre, C Doglioni, J Dolejsi, Z Dolezal, M Donadelli, S Donati, P Dondero, J Donini, J Dopke, A Doria, M T Dova, A T Doyle, E Drechsler, M Dris, Y Du, J Duarte-Campderros, A Dubreuil, E Duchovni, G Duckeck, A Ducourthial, O A Ducu, D Duda, A Dudarev, A Chr Dudder, E M Duffield, L Duflot, M Dührssen, M Dumancic, A E Dumitriu, A K Duncan, M Dunford, H Duran Yildiz, M Düren, A Durglishvili, D Duschinger, B Dutta, M Dyndal, C Eckardt, K M Ecker, R C Edgar, T Eifert, G Eigen, K Einsweiler, T Ekelof, M El Kacimi, R El Kosseifi, V Ellajosyula, M Ellert, S Elles, F Ellinghaus, A A Elliot, N Ellis, J Elmsheuser, M Elsing, D Emeliyanov, Y Enari, O C Endner, J S Ennis, J Erdmann, A Ereditato, G Ernis, M Ernst, S Errede, M Escalier, C Escobar, B Esposito, O Estrada Pastor, A I Etienvre, E Etzion, H Evans, A Ezhilov, M Ezzi, F Fabbri, L Fabbri, G Facini, R M Fakhrutdinov, S Falciano, R J Falla, J Faltova, Y Fang, M Fanti, A Farbin, A Farilla, C Farina, E M Farina, T Farooque, S Farrell, S M Farrington, P Farthouat, F Fassi, P Fassnacht, D Fassouliotis, M Faucci Giannelli, A Favareto, W J Fawcett, L Fayard, O L Fedin, W Fedorko, S Feigl, L Feligioni, C Feng, E J Feng, H Feng, M J Fenton, A B Fenyuk, L Feremenga, P Fernandez Martinez, S Fernandez Perez, J Ferrando, A Ferrari, P Ferrari, R Ferrari, D E Ferreira de Lima, A Ferrer, D Ferrere, C Ferretti, F Fiedler, A Filipčič, M Filipuzzi, F Filthaut, M Fincke-Keeler, K D Finelli, M C N Fiolhais, L Fiorini, A Fischer, C Fischer, J Fischer, W C Fisher, N Flaschel, I Fleck, P Fleischmann, R R M Fletcher, T Flick, B M Flierl, L R Flores Castillo, M J Flowerdew, G T Forcolin, A Formica, F A Förster, A Forti, A G Foster, D Fournier, H Fox, S Fracchia, P Francavilla, M Franchini, S Franchino, D Francis, L Franconi, M Franklin, M Frate, M Fraternali, D Freeborn, S M Fressard-Batraneanu, B Freund, D Froidevaux, J A Frost, C Fukunaga, T Fusayasu, J Fuster, C Gabaldon, O Gabizon, A Gabrielli, A Gabrielli, G P Gach, S Gadatsch, S Gadomski, G Gagliardi, L G Gagnon, C Galea, B Galhardo, E J Gallas, B J Gallop, P Gallus, G Galster, K K Gan, S Ganguly, Y Gao, Y S Gao, F M Garay Walls, C García, J E García Navarro, M Garcia-Sciveres, R W Gardner, N Garelli, V Garonne, A Gascon Bravo, K Gasnikova, C Gatti, A Gaudiello, G Gaudio, I L Gavrilenko, C Gay, G Gaycken, E N Gazis, C N P Gee, J Geisen, M Geisen, M P Geisler, K Gellerstedt, C Gemme, M H Genest, C Geng, S Gentile, C Gentsos, S George, D Gerbaudo, A Gershon, G Geßner, S Ghasemi, M Ghneimat, B Giacobbe, S Giagu, P Giannetti, S M Gibson, M Gignac, M Gilchriese, D Gillberg, G Gilles, D M Gingrich, N Giokaris, M P Giordani, F M Giorgi, P F Giraud, P Giromini, D Giugni, F Giuli, C Giuliani, M Giulini, B K Gjelsten, S Gkaitatzis, I Gkialas, E L Gkougkousis, P Gkountoumis, L K Gladilin, C Glasman, J Glatzer, P C F Glaysher, A Glazov, M Goblirsch-Kolb, J Godlewski, S Goldfarb, T Golling, D Golubkov, A Gomes, R Gonçalo, R 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Sforza, A Sfyrla, E Shabalina, N W Shaikh, L Y Shan, R Shang, J T Shank, M Shapiro, P B Shatalov, K Shaw, S M Shaw, A Shcherbakova, C Y Shehu, Y Shen, N Sherafati, P Sherwood, L Shi, S Shimizu, C O Shimmin, M Shimojima, I P J Shipsey, S Shirabe, M Shiyakova, J Shlomi, A Shmeleva, D Shoaleh Saadi, M J Shochet, S Shojaii, D R Shope, S Shrestha, E Shulga, M A Shupe, P Sicho, A M Sickles, P E Sidebo, E Sideras Haddad, O Sidiropoulou, A Sidoti, F Siegert, Dj Sijacki, J Silva, S B Silverstein, V Simak, Lj Simic, S Simion, E Simioni, B Simmons, M Simon, P Sinervo, N B Sinev, M Sioli, G Siragusa, I Siral, S Yu Sivoklokov, J Sjölin, M B Skinner, P Skubic, M Slater, T Slavicek, M Slawinska, K Sliwa, R Slovak, V Smakhtin, B H Smart, J Smiesko, N Smirnov, S Yu Smirnov, Y Smirnov, L N Smirnova, O Smirnova, J W Smith, M N K Smith, R W Smith, M Smizanska, K Smolek, A A Snesarev, I M Snyder, S Snyder, R Sobie, F Socher, A Soffer, A Søgaard, D A Soh, G Sokhrannyi, C A Solans Sanchez, M Solar, E Yu Soldatov, U Soldevila, A A Solodkov, A Soloshenko, O V Solovyanov, V Solovyev, P Sommer, H Son, A Sopczak, D Sosa, C L Sotiropoulou, R Soualah, A M Soukharev, D South, B C Sowden, S Spagnolo, M Spalla, M Spangenberg, F Spanò, D Sperlich, F Spettel, T M Spieker, R Spighi, G Spigo, L A Spiller, M Spousta, R D St Denis, A Stabile, R Stamen, S Stamm, E Stanecka, R W Stanek, C Stanescu, M M Stanitzki, B S Stapf, S Stapnes, E A Starchenko, G H Stark, J Stark, S H Stark, P Staroba, P Starovoitov, S Stärz, R Staszewski, P Steinberg, B Stelzer, H J Stelzer, O Stelzer-Chilton, H Stenzel, G A Stewart, M C Stockton, M Stoebe, G Stoicea, P Stolte, S Stonjek, A R Stradling, A Straessner, M E Stramaglia, J Strandberg, S Strandberg, M Strauss, P Strizenec, R Ströhmer, D M Strom, R Stroynowski, A Strubig, S A Stucci, B Stugu, N A Styles, D Su, J Su, S Suchek, Y Sugaya, M Suk, V V Sulin, Dms Sultan, S Sultansoy, T Sumida, S Sun, X Sun, K Suruliz, C J E Suster, M R Sutton, S Suzuki, M Svatos, M Swiatlowski, S P Swift, I Sykora, T Sykora, D Ta, K Tackmann, J Taenzer, A Taffard, R Tafirout, E Tahirovic, N Taiblum, H Takai, R Takashima, E H Takasugi, T Takeshita, Y Takubo, M Talby, A A Talyshev, J Tanaka, M Tanaka, R Tanaka, S Tanaka, R Tanioka, B B Tannenwald, S Tapia Araya, S Tapprogge, S Tarem, G F Tartarelli, P Tas, M Tasevsky, T Tashiro, E Tassi, A Tavares Delgado, Y Tayalati, A C Taylor, G N Taylor, P T E Taylor, W Taylor, P Teixeira-Dias, D Temple, H Ten Kate, P K Teng, J J Teoh, F Tepel, S Terada, K Terashi, J Terron, S Terzo, M Testa, R J Teuscher, T Theveneaux-Pelzer, J P Thomas, J Thomas-Wilsker, P D Thompson, A S Thompson, L A Thomsen, E Thomson, M J Tibbetts, R E Ticse Torres, V O Tikhomirov, Yu A Tikhonov, S Timoshenko, P Tipton, S Tisserant, K Todome, S Todorova-Nova, J Tojo, S Tokár, K Tokushuku, E Tolley, L Tomlinson, M Tomoto, L Tompkins, K Toms, B Tong, P Tornambe, E Torrence, H Torres, E Torró Pastor, J Toth, F Touchard, D R Tovey, C J Treado, T Trefzger, F Tresoldi, A Tricoli, I M Trigger, S Trincaz-Duvoid, M F Tripiana, W Trischuk, B Trocmé, A Trofymov, C Troncon, M Trottier-McDonald, M Trovatelli, L Truong, M Trzebinski, A Trzupek, K W Tsang, J C-L Tseng, P V Tsiareshka, G Tsipolitis, N Tsirintanis, S Tsiskaridze, V Tsiskaridze, E G Tskhadadze, K M Tsui, I I Tsukerman, V Tsulaia, S Tsuno, D Tsybychev, Y Tu, A Tudorache, V Tudorache, T T Tulbure, A N Tuna, S A Tupputi, S Turchikhin, D Turgeman, I Turk Cakir, R Turra, P M Tuts, G Ucchielli, I Ueda, M Ughetto, F Ukegawa, G Unal, A Undrus, G Unel, F C Ungaro, Y Unno, C Unverdorben, J Urban, P Urquijo, P Urrejola, G Usai, J Usui, L Vacavant, V Vacek, B Vachon, K O H Vadla, A Vaidya, C Valderanis, E Valdes Santurio, M Valente, S Valentinetti, A Valero, L Valéry, S Valkar, A Vallier, J A Valls Ferrer, W Van Den Wollenberg, H van der Graaf, P van Gemmeren, J Van Nieuwkoop, I van Vulpen, M C van Woerden, M Vanadia, W Vandelli, A Vaniachine, P Vankov, G Vardanyan, R Vari, E W Varnes, C Varni, T Varol, D Varouchas, A Vartapetian, K E Varvell, J G Vasquez, G A Vasquez, F Vazeille, T Vazquez Schroeder, J Veatch, V Veeraraghavan, L M Veloce, F Veloso, S Veneziano, A Ventura, M Venturi, N Venturi, A Venturini, V Vercesi, M Verducci, W Verkerke, A T Vermeulen, J C Vermeulen, M C Vetterli, N Viaux Maira, O Viazlo, I Vichou, T Vickey, O E Vickey Boeriu, G H A Viehhauser, S Viel, L Vigani, M Villa, M Villaplana Perez, E Vilucchi, M G Vincter, V B Vinogradov, A Vishwakarma, C Vittori, I Vivarelli, S Vlachos, M Vlasak, M Vogel, P Vokac, G Volpi, H von der Schmitt, E von Toerne, V Vorobel, K Vorobev, M Vos, R Voss, J H Vossebeld, N Vranjes, M Vranjes Milosavljevic, V Vrba, M Vreeswijk, R Vuillermet, I Vukotic, P Wagner, W Wagner, J Wagner-Kuhr, H Wahlberg, S Wahrmund, J Wakabayashi, J Walder, R Walker, W Walkowiak, V Wallangen, C Wang, C Wang, F Wang, H Wang, H Wang, J Wang, J Wang, Q Wang, R Wang, S M Wang, T Wang, W Wang, W Wang, Z Wang, C Wanotayaroj, A Warburton, C P Ward, D R Wardrope, A Washbrook, P M Watkins, A T Watson, M F Watson, G Watts, S Watts, B M Waugh, A F Webb, S Webb, M S Weber, S W Weber, S A Weber, J S Webster, A R Weidberg, B Weinert, J Weingarten, M Weirich, C Weiser, H Weits, P S Wells, T Wenaus, T Wengler, S Wenig, N Wermes, M D Werner, P Werner, M Wessels, T D Weston, K Whalen, N L Whallon, A M Wharton, A S White, A White, M J White, R White, D Whiteson, B W Whitmore, F J Wickens, W Wiedenmann, M Wielers, C Wiglesworth, L A M Wiik-Fuchs, A Wildauer, F Wilk, H G Wilkens, H H Williams, S Williams, C Willis, S Willocq, J A Wilson, I Wingerter-Seez, E Winkels, F Winklmeier, O J Winston, B T Winter, M Wittgen, M Wobisch, T M H Wolf, R Wolff, M W Wolter, H Wolters, V W S Wong, S D Worm, B K Wosiek, J Wotschack, K W Wozniak, M Wu, S L Wu, X Wu, Y Wu, T R Wyatt, B M Wynne, S Xella, Z Xi, L Xia, D Xu, L Xu, B Yabsley, S Yacoob, D Yamaguchi, Y Yamaguchi, A Yamamoto, S Yamamoto, T Yamanaka, M Yamatani, K Yamauchi, Y Yamazaki, Z Yan, H Yang, H Yang, Y Yang, Z Yang, W-M Yao, Y C Yap, Y Yasu, E Yatsenko, K H Yau Wong, J Ye, S Ye, I Yeletskikh, E Yigitbasi, E Yildirim, K Yorita, K Yoshihara, C Young, C J S Young, J Yu, J Yu, S P Y Yuen, I Yusuff, B Zabinski, G Zacharis, R Zaidan, A M Zaitsev, N Zakharchuk, J Zalieckas, A Zaman, S Zambito, D Zanzi, C Zeitnitz, G Zemaityte, A Zemla, J C Zeng, Q Zeng, O Zenin, T Ženiš, D Zerwas, D Zhang, F Zhang, G Zhang, H Zhang, J Zhang, L Zhang, L Zhang, M Zhang, P Zhang, R Zhang, R Zhang, X Zhang, Y Zhang, Z Zhang, X Zhao, Y Zhao, Z Zhao, A Zhemchugov, B Zhou, C Zhou, L Zhou, M Zhou, M Zhou, N Zhou, C G Zhu, H Zhu, J Zhu, Y Zhu, X Zhuang, K Zhukov, A Zibell, D Zieminska, N I Zimine, C Zimmermann, S Zimmermann, Z Zinonos, M Zinser, M Ziolkowski, L Živković, G Zobernig, A Zoccoli, R Zou, M Zur Nedden, L Zwalinski
With the increase in energy of the Large Hadron Collider to a centre-of-mass energy of 13 [Formula: see text] for Run 2, events with dense environments, such as in the cores of high-energy jets, became a focus for new physics searches as well as measurements of the Standard Model. These environments are characterized by charged-particle separations of the order of the tracking detectors sensor granularity. Basic track quantities are compared between 3.2 fb[Formula: see text] of data collected by the ATLAS experiment and simulation of proton-proton collisions producing high-transverse-momentum jets at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 [Formula: see text]...
2017: European Physical Journal. C, Particles and Fields
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066837/a-strategy-to-improve-arithmetical-performance-in-four-day-old-domestic-chicks-gallus-gallus
#16
Rosa Rugani, Maria Loconsole, Lucia Regolin
A large body of literature shows that non-human animals master numerical discriminations, but a limit has been reported in a variety of species in the comparison 3vs.4. Little is known regarding the possibility of using "cognitive strategies" to enable this discrimination. The aims of this study were to investigate: whether domestic chicks discriminated 3vs.4, and if changes in stimuli presentation could improve chicks' numerical performance. Newly hatched chicks were reared with seven identical objects. On day 4, they underwent 20 consecutive testing trials to assess their capability to discriminate 3vs...
October 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059502/effects-of-the-protonation-state-of-titratable-residues-and-the-presence-of-water-molecules-on-the-nocodazole-binding-to-%C3%AE-tubulin
#17
Dulce Consuelo Guzmán-Ocampo, Rodrigo Aguayo-Ortiz, Lucia Cano-González, Alicia Hernández-Campos, Rafael Castillo, Laura Dominguez
Regulation of microtubule assembly by antimitotic agents is a potential therapeutic strategy for the treatment of cancer, parasite infections, and neurodegenerative diseases. One of these agents is Nocodazole (NZ), which inhibits microtubule polymerization by binding to β-tubulin. NZ was recently co-crystallized in Gallus gallus tubulin, displaying novel information of the interaction features for ligand recognition and stability. In this work, we employed state of the art computational approaches to evaluate the protonation effects of titratable residues and the presence of water molecules in the binding of NZ...
October 23, 2017: ChemMedChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054807/ontogeny-of-skeletal-and-cardiac-muscle-mitochondria-oxygen-fluxes-in-two-breeds-of-chicken
#18
Sarah K G Sirsat, Edward M Dzialowski
From its earliest days of domestication, the domestic chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) has been selectively bred for specific traits. Decades of genetic selection have resulted in significant dissimilarities in metabolism and growth between breeds, in particular fast-growing broilers and highly productive layers. A chicken develops the capacity to elevate metabolism in response to decreases in ambient temperature upon hatching, including well-developed methods of regulating thermogenesis. However, a differential timing between incipient endothermic capacities of broiler and layer strains exists...
October 18, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054015/synergistic-effect-of-copper-and-arsenic-upon-oxidative-stress-inflammation-and-autophagy-alterations-in-brain-tissues-of-gallus-gallus
#19
Xiao Sun, Jinglun Li, Hongjing Zhao, Yu Wang, Juanjuan Liu, Yizhi Shao, Yuan Xue, Mingwei Xing
Arsenic or copper is one of the most highly toxic pollution that can cause dysfunction to brains, however, the exact mechanism remains unclear. The aim of the study is to investigate the mechanisms of arsenic or/and copper-induced oxidative stress, inflammation and autophagy in chicken brains and elucidate the interactions between arsenic and copper. A total of 72 1-day-old Hy-line chickens were divided into four groups (18 chickens per group) treated with 30mg/kg arsenic trioxide (As2O3) or/and 300mg/kg copper sulfate (CuSO4) for 12weeks...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053858/ectoparasitism-of-commercial-laying-hen-by-megninia-ginglymura-m%C3%A3-gnin-acari-population-dynamic-and-distribution-on-the-body-regions
#20
Tamara B Horn, Matheus S Rocha, Juliana Granich, Júlia H Körbes, Luis F A Alves, Noeli J Ferla
Ectoparasites are temporary or permanent skin dwellers. Megninia ginglymura (Mégnin) (Analgidae) causes economic damage in commercial poultry farms as a result of lower egg production or even death of the host. Little is known about Megninia ginglymura's life cycle and infestation. This study aimed to evaluate the preference of M. ginglymura for different body regions of the host Gallus gallus L. and its abundance and population dynamics in different laying hen houses. Samples were collected from August 2013 to August 2014 in three different commercial laying hen systems: automatic production systems (A1,2,3); semiautomatic systems (S1 (free of pesticides) and S2) and free-range system (FR)...
October 5, 2017: Poultry Science
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