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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805913/feeding-distillers-grains-soybean-hulls-or-a-mixture-of-both-to-cows-as-a-forage-replacement-effects-on-intake-digestibility-and-ruminal-fermentation-characteristics
#1
W B Smith, K P Coffey, R T Rhein, E B Kegley, D Philipp, J G Powell, J D Caldwell, A N Young
Coproduct feedstuffs offer a unique and potentially profitable avenue for cattle feeding strategies. However, research is lacking in the evaluation of varying coproducts on ruminal fermentation and digestive characteristics when included as the major component of the diet of cows. Our objective was to determine the effect of coproduct feedstuffs as a forage replacement on digestive and fermentative characteristics of cows. Eight ruminally fistulated cows (672 ± 32.0 kg initial BW and approximately 9 yr of age) were stratified by BW and randomly allocated to 1 of 4 diets (2 cows∙diet∙period) in a 2-period study: soybean hulls (SH), distillers' dried grains with solubles (DG), an isoenergetic mixture of soybean hulls and distillers' dried grains with solubles (MX), or ad libitum hay plus 0...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774043/-bi-sr-fe1-x-mx-o3-%C3%AE-m-co-ni-and-mn-cathode-materials-with-mixed-electro-ionic-conductivity
#2
Wen-Cheng J Wei, Der-Rong Huang, Dan Wang
(Bi,Sr)FeO3-δ (BSF) cathode materials doped with either Co, Ni or Mn are synthesized by an ethylene diamine tetra-acetic acid (EDTA)-citrate complexing method, and the effects of the doping level on the mixed electronic-ionic conductivity at various temperatures are studied up to 800 °C. The phase purity and solid solution limit are investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD). The ionic conductivity is measured by the four-probe direct current (DC) method, the valence state of Fe and Mn by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and the oxygen non-stoichiometry by differential thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA)...
November 14, 2016: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28773835/computational-search-for-two-dimensional-mx2-semiconductors-with-possible-high-electron-mobility-at-room-temperature
#3
Zhishuo Huang, Wenxu Zhang, Wanli Zhang
Neither of the two typical two-dimensional materials, graphene and single layer MoS 2 , are good enough for developing semiconductor logical devices. We calculated the electron mobility of 14 two-dimensional semiconductors with composition of MX 2 , where M (=Mo, W, Sn, Hf, Zr and Pt) are transition metals, and Xs are S, Se and Te. We approximated the electron phonon scattering matrix by deformation potentials, within which long wave longitudinal acoustical and optical phonon scatterings were included. Piezoelectric scattering in the compounds without inversion symmetry is also taken into account...
August 23, 2016: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28773126/biomechanical-loading-evaluation-of-unsintered-hydroxyapatite-poly-l-lactide-plate-system-in-bilateral-sagittal-split-ramus-osteotomy
#4
Shintaro Sukegawa, Takahiro Kanno, Yoshiki Manabe, Kenichi Matsumoto, Yuka Sukegawa-Takahashi, Masanori Masui, Yoshihiko Furuki
OSTEOTRANS MX(®) (Takiron Co., Ltd., Osaka, Japan) is a bioactive resorbable maxillofacial osteosynthetic material composed of an unsintered hydroxyapatite/poly-l-lactide composite, and its effective osteoconductive capacity has been previously documented. However, the mechanical strength of this plate system is unclear. Thus, the aim of this in vitro study was to assess its tensile and shear strength and evaluate the biomechanical intensity of different osteosynthesis plate designs after sagittal split ramus osteotomy by simulating masticatory forces in a clinical setting...
July 7, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767053/charge-transfer-effect-on-raman-and-surface-enhanced-raman-spectroscopy-of-furfural-molecules
#5
Fu Wan, Haiyang Shi, Weigen Chen, Zhaoliang Gu, Lingling Du, Pinyi Wang, Jianxin Wang, Yingzhou Huang
The detection of furfural in transformer oil through surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) is one of the most promising online monitoring techniques in the process of transformer aging. In this work, the Raman of individual furfural molecules and SERS of furfural-Mx (M = Ag, Au, Cu) complexes are investigated through density functional theory (DFT). In the Raman spectrum of individual furfural molecules, the vibration mode of each Raman peak is figured out, and the deviation from experimental data is analyzed by surface charge distribution...
August 2, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764542/mini-beam-modes-on-standard-mx-beamline-bl17u-at-ssrf
#6
Qisheng Wang, Feng Yu, Ying Cui, Kunhao Zhang, Qiangyan Pan, Changyou Zhong, Ke Liu, Huan Zhou, Bo Sun, Jianhua He
The macromolecular crystallography beamlines at third-generation synchrotron facilities play a central role in solving macromolecular crystal structures and also in understanding the biological function at molecular levels. The MX beamline BL17U at Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility is a typical standard MX beamline with a focused beam size (H × V) of FWHM around 80 μm × 45 μm. However the protein samples brought to the beamline are down to 5-10 m from the important and challenging science project now...
July 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756911/the-current-status-of-molecular-xenomonitoring-for-lymphatic-filariasis-and-onchocerciasis
#7
REVIEW
Nils Pilotte, Thomas R Unnasch, Steven A Williams
The capacity of vector insect surveillance to provide estimates of pathogen prevalence and transmission potential has long been recognized within the global communities tasked with eliminating lymphatic filariasis (LF), the underlying cause of elephantiasis and hydrocele, and onchocerciasis (river blindness). Initially restricted to the practice of dissection, the potential of vector monitoring has grown due to the advent of molecular methods capable of increasing the sensitivity and throughput of testing. However, despite such advancement, operational research gaps remain...
July 27, 2017: Trends in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750733/separation-and-identification-of-fatty-acid-esters-of-algal-carotenoid-metabolites-in-the-freshwater-mussel-dreissena-bugensis-by-liquid-chromatography-with-uv-visible-wavelength-and-mass-spectrometric-detectors-in-series
#8
Maxime C Bridoux, Monika Sobiechowska, Robert G Briggs, Alicia Pérez-Fuentetaja, Katherine T Alben
LC with photodiode array and APCI-ion trap mass spectrometry has made it possible to tentatively identify 76 carotenyl fatty acid esters (cFAEs) in solvent extracts from Dreissena bugensis, collected from Lake Erie: 16 mono- and 33 diFAEs of fucoxanthinol (FOH), and 27 diFAEs of mactraxanthin (MX). FOH and MX, previously identified in cFAE hydrolysates, were confirmed as parent carotenoids of the cFAEs, and as primary metabolites of fucoxanthin and violaxanthin, respectively, derived from diatoms and chlorophytes in the dreissenids' diet...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729212/the-influence-of-temperature-on-viral-replication-and-antiviral-related-genes-response-in-hirame-rhabdovirus-infected-flounder-paralichthys-olivaceus
#9
Jialin Zhang, Xiaoqian Tang, Xiuzhen Sheng, Jing Xing, Wenbin Zhan
Hirame rhabdovirus (HIRRV) is a rhabdovirus that causes severe disease in fish. The mortality due to HIRRV infection occurs at temperatures below 15 °C, but no mortality is observed over 20 °C. In this study, Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) was artificially infected with the HIRRV CNPo2015 strain at 10 °C or 20 °C. Absolute quantitative real-time PCR was employed to examine the viral replication in spleens after HIRRV infection. Expression profiles of four interferon-related genes (type I IFN, Mx, ISG15, MDA5) and two proinflammatory genes (TNF-α and IL-1β) were also investigated by quantitative real-time PCR...
July 17, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727799/atlantic-salmon-cardiac-primary-cultures-an-in-vitro-model-to-study-viral-host-pathogen-interactions-and-pathogenesis
#10
Patricia A Noguera, Bianka Grunow, Matthias Klinger, Katherine Lester, Bertrand Collet, Jorge Del-Pozo
Development of Salmon Cardiac Primary Cultures (SCPCs) from Atlantic salmon pre-hatch embryos and their application as in vitro model for cardiotropic viral infection research are described. Producing SCPCs requires plating of trypsin dissociated embryos with subsequent targeted harvest from 24h up to 3 weeks, of relevant tissues after visual identification. SCPCs are then transferred individually to chambered wells for culture in isolation, with incubation at 15-22°. SCPCs production efficiency was not influenced by embryo's origin (0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723607/production-of-recombinant-porin-from-y-pseudotuberculosis-in-a-water-soluble-form-for-pseudotuberculosis-diagnostics
#11
Vasily A Golotin, Olga Y Portnyagina, Natalia S Chopenko, Natalia Y Kim, Valery A Rasskazov, Olga D Novikova
OmpF porin from the outer membrane of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis was cloned into pET-40b(+) plasmid. Using E. coli Rosetta (DE3) strain, MX-medium, IPTG concentration of 0.2 mM and post-induction cultivation at 14 °C overnight allowed us to obtain a water-soluble form of the recombinant protein (rs-OmpF). Rs-OmpF was shown to have the ordered spatial structure at the levels of secondary and tertiary structure. Rs-OmpF was found to be effective as diagnostic antigen in ELISA for pseudotuberculosis diagnostics...
July 26, 2017: Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720888/bivalent-dna-vaccine-induces-significant-immune-responses-against-infectious-hematopoietic-necrosis-virus-and-infectious-pancreatic-necrosis-virus-in-rainbow-trout
#12
Liming Xu, Jingzhuang Zhao, Miao Liu, Guangming Ren, Feng Jian, Jiasheng Yin, Ji Feng, Hongbai Liu, Tongyan Lu
Infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNV) and infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV) are important pathogens of salmon and trout. An active bivalent DNA vaccine was constructed with the glycoprotein gene of Chinese IHNV isolate Sn1203 and VP2-VP3 gene of Chinese IPNV isolate ChRtm213. Rainbow trout (5 g) were vaccinated by intramuscular injection with 1.0 µg of the bivalent DNA vaccine and then challenged with an intraperitoneal injection of IHNV, IPNV, or both, at 30 and 60 days post-vaccination (d...
July 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713157/population-pharmacokinetics-of-moxifloxacin-and-its-concentration-qt-interval-relationship-modeling-in-chinese-healthy-volunteers
#13
Feng-Yan Xu, Ji-Han Huang, Ying-Chun He, Li-Yu Liang, Lu-Jin Li, Juan Yang, Fang Yin, Ling Xu, Qing-Shan Zheng, Kun Wang
Moxifloxacin (MX) is an 8-methoxyquinolone antimicrobial drug, which is often used as a positive control in thorough QT (TQT) studies. In the present study we established the population pharmacokinetics model of MX and the relationship of MX concentrations with the QT and various corrected QT (QTc) intervals, and compared the results with other ethnicities. The MX data used for modeling were obtained from a published TQT interval prolongation study of antofloxacin with MX as the positive control. In this four-period crossover study, 24 adult Chinese healthy volunteers received either 200 or 400 mg of oral antofloxacin once daily, 400 mg of MX, or a placebo...
July 17, 2017: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707524/applicability-of-cameriere-s-and-drusini-s-age-estimation-methods-to-a-sample-of-turkish-adults
#14
Hatice Boyacioglu Dogru, Nihal Avcu, Nursel Akkaya, Humeyra Ozge Yilanci, Dincer Goksuluk
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the applicability of Drusini's and Cameriere's methods to a sample of Turkish people. METHODS: Panoramic images of 200 individuals were allocated into two groups as study and test groups and examined by two observers. Tooth coronal indexes (TCI), which is the ratio between coronal pulp cavity height and crown height, were calculated in the mandibular first and second premolars and molars. Pulp/tooth area ratios (ARs) were calculated in the maxillary and mandibular canine teeth...
July 14, 2017: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694108/increased-blood-pressure-variability-upon-standing-up-improves-reproducibility-of-cerebral-autoregulation-indices
#15
Adam Mahdi, Dragana Nikolic, Anthony A Birch, Mette S Olufsen, Ronney B Panerai, David M Simpson, Stephen J Payne
Dynamic cerebral autoregulation, that is the transient response of cerebral blood flow to changes in arterial blood pressure, is currently assessed using a variety of different time series methods and data collection protocols. In the continuing absence of a gold standard for the study of cerebral autoregulation it is unclear to what extent does the assessment depend on the choice of a computational method and protocol. We use continuous measurements of blood pressure and cerebral blood flow velocity in the middle cerebral artery from the cohorts of 18 normotensive subjects performing sit-to-stand manoeuvre...
July 7, 2017: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686202/coinage-metal-complexes-of-the-carbenic-tautomer-of-a-conjugated-mesomeric-betaine-akin-to-nitron
#16
Charlotte Thie, Clemens Bruhn, Michael Leibold, Ulrich Siemeling
This study was motivated by our recent observation that the analytical reagent Nitron (2) is an "instant carbene", whose reaction with coinage metal salts MX afforded complexes of its carbenic tautomer 1,4-diphenyl-3-phenylamino-1,2,4-triazol-5-ylidene (2'). Our aim was to establish an alkyl homologue of 2 in order to achieve a carbenic tautomer of higher donicity. For this purpose 1-tert-butyl-4-methyl-1,2,4-triazol-4-ium-3-tert-butylaminide (6) was synthesized. Its reactions with MX afforded complexes of the carbenic tautomer 1-tert-butyl-3-tert-butylamino-4-methyl-1,2,4-triazol-5-ylidene (6')...
July 7, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684222/redox-biotransformation-of-arsenic-along-with-plant-growth-promotion-by-multi-metal-resistance-pseudomonas-sp-mx6
#17
Maria Shafique, Aqsa Jawaid, Yasir Rehman
Remediation of toxic metal-polluted sites by microorganisms is an environment-friendly remediation technique. Multi-metal-resistant bacteria were isolated from a wastewater treatment plant showing resistance against As(III), As(V), Cr, Co, Cu, Cd, Hg, Ni, Pb, Se and Zn. Maximum resistance against all metals was shown by the bacterial isolate MX-6 (As 20mM, Cd 30mM, Cr 5.0mM, Co 25mM, Cu 25mM, Ni 20mM, Zn 30mM, Pb 15mM, Se 20mM and Hg 2.5mM), which was identified as Pseudomonas sp. through 16S rDNA sequencing...
June 2017: Comptes Rendus Biologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683241/insulin-resistance-and-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-in-a-chinese-population
#18
Chen Chen, Gao Jing, Zhou Li, Shi Juan, Cui Bin, Hong Jie
OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to investigate glucose and lipid level as well as insulin resistance (IR) in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: In a case-control study, 426 patients with PCOS were diagnosed according to Rotterdam criteria, and they were conducted in the morning after a 10-h fast. Participants received standard 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Plasma glucose and insulin levels were obtained at 0, 30, 60, 120, and 180 min...
July 6, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678799/infection-experiments-with-novel-piscine-orthoreovirus-from-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-in-salmonids
#19
Helena Hauge, Niccolo Vendramin, Torunn Taksdal, Anne Berit Olsen, Øystein Wessel, Susie Sommer Mikkelsen, Anna Luiza Farias Alencar, Niels Jørgen Olesen, Maria Krudtaa Dahle
A new disease in farmed rainbow trout (Onchorhyncus mykiss) was described in Norway in 2013. The disease mainly affected the heart and resembled heart and skeletal muscle inflammation (HSMI) in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). HSMI is associated with Piscine orthoreovirus (PRV), and a search for a similar virus in the diseased rainbow trout led to detection of a sequence with 85% similarity to PRV. This finding called for a targeted effort to assess the risk the new PRV-variant pose on farmed rainbow trout and Atlantic salmon by studying infection and disease pathogenesis, aiming to provide more diagnostic knowledge...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675979/evaluation-of-consistency-for-multiple-experiments-of-a-single-combination-in-the-time-dependence-mixture-toxicity-assay
#20
D A Dawson, G Pöch
Test-to-test consistency was evaluated for a single binary combination of organic chemicals using an assay that examined toxicity over multiple exposure times. Six experiments were conducted. The toxicity of 3-chloro-2-butanone (3C2B), methyl crotonate (MC) and the mixture (MX) was evaluated in each experiment at 15, 30 and 45-min of exposure using the Microtox(®) system. Concentration-response (x/y) curves were generated via the five-parameter logistic minus one-parameter (5PL-1P) curve-fitting function and used to develop predicted x/y curves for the dose-addition (DA) and independence (I) models of combined effect...
July 4, 2017: Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
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