keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

behavior, behavioral

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911485/effects-of-the-presence-of-grazing-experienced-heifers-on-the-development-of-foraging-behavior-at-the-feeding-station-scale-for-first-grazing-season-calves
#1
Yuko Shingu, Koichiro Ueda, Shingo Tada, Tomohiro Mitani, Seiji Kondo
In this study, effects of grazing-experienced heifer presence on foraging behavior development at the feeding station (FS) scale for first-grazing season calves were determined. A group of four calves grazing alone (C), and another comprising four calves (Wc) and three grazing-experienced heifers (Wh), were alternately stocked every day for 2 h on the same pasture for 26 days. The foraging time budget for Wc was significantly longer than that for C (P < 0.05) on day 7, and was similar to that for Wh on all days...
December 2, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911478/modulation-of-whistle-production-related-to-training-sessions-in-bottlenose-dolphins-tursiops-truncatus-under-human-care
#2
Juliana Lopez Marulanda, Olivier Adam, Fabienne Delfour
Bottlenose dolphins are highly social cetaceans with an extensive sound production including clicks, burst-pulsed sounds, and whistles. Some whistles, known as signature whistles, are individually specific. These acoustic signatures are commonly described as being emitted in contexts of stress during forced isolation and as group cohesion calls. Interactions between humans and captive dolphins is largely based on positive reinforcement conditioning within several training/feeding sessions per day. Vocal behavior of dolphins during these interactions might vary...
November 2016: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911409/measuring-progressive-neurological-disability-in-a-mouse-model-of-multiple-sclerosis
#3
Francesca Gilli, Darlene B Royce, Andrew R Pachner
After intracerebral infection with the Theiler's Murine Encephalomyelitis Virus (TMEV), susceptible SJL mice develop a chronic-progressive demyelinating disease, with clinical features similar to the progressive forms of multiple sclerosis (MS). The mice show progressive disability with loss of motor and sensory functions, which can be assessed with multiple apparatuses and protocols. Among them, the Rotarod performance test is a very common behavioral test, its advantage being that it provides objective measurements, but it is often used assuming that it is straightforward and simple...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911380/method-for-identifying-small-molecule-inhibitors-of-the-protein-protein-interaction-between-hcn1-and-trip8b
#4
Ye Han, Kyle A Lyman, Matt Clutter, Gary E Schiltz, Quratul-Ain Ismail, Xiangying Cheng, Chi-Hao Luan, Dane M Chetkovich
Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels are expressed ubiquitously throughout the brain, where they function to regulate the excitability of neurons. The subcellular distribution of these channels in pyramidal neurons of hippocampal area CA1 is regulated by tetratricopeptide repeat-containing Rab8b interacting protein (TRIP8b), an auxiliary subunit. Genetic knockout of HCN pore forming subunits or TRIP8b, both lead to an increase in antidepressant-like behavior, suggesting that limiting the function of HCN channels may be useful as a treatment for Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911352/medical-equipment-antiseptic-processes-using-the-atmospheric-plasma-sprayed-copper-coatings
#5
M Goudarzi, Sh Saviz, M Ghoranneviss, A Salar Elahi
Antibacterial surfaces such as copper coatings are able to reduce the growth of bacteria. In this study, copper coatings was deposited on the 316 stainless steel substrates by a handmade device operating as an atmospheric plasma spraying system. The chemical composition microstructure and morphology surface of the coatings are examined by x-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) and back scattering electron microscope (BSE). Micro hardness as one of the key properties of the coating is characterized based on cross-section...
November 30, 2016: Journal of X-ray Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911342/impulsive-and-compulsive-behaviors-in%C3%A2-parkinson-disease-the-norwegian-parkwest-study
#6
Aleksander H Erga, Guido Alves, Jan Petter Larsen, Ole Bj Rn Tysnes, Kenn Freddy Pedersen
BACKGROUND: Impulsive and compulsive behaviors (ICBs) are frequent in Parkinson's disease (PD), but data from population-based cohorts is lacking. OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency and associated demographic, clinical, neuropsychiatric and cognitive features of ICBs in a population-based PD cohort. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 125 patients with PD and 159 age- and gender-matched normal controls recruited from the Norwegian ParkWest study...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911317/alzheimer-s-disease-histological-and%C3%A2-behavioral-manifestations-in%C3%A2-transgenic-mice-correlate-with%C3%A2-specific%C3%A2-gut-microbiome-state
#7
Liang Shen, Lu Liu, Hong-Fang Ji
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative brain disease and is the most common form of dementia. In recent years, many studies indicated the association of gut microbiota changes with metabolic diseases. However, the gut microbiota of AD has not been investigated. The present study aims to compare the gut microbiota in APP/PS1 transgenic mice of AD and C57/Bl6 wild-type (WT) mice by pyrosequencing the V3 and V4 regions of the bacterial 16S ribosomal RNA genes. The 3-, 6-, and 8-month-old APP/PS1 and WT mice were used to explore the effects of age on the gut microbiota...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911316/risk-factors-for-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-german-primary-care-practices
#8
Louis Jacob, Jens Bohlken, Karel Kostev
BACKGROUND: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a common mental disorder affecting around 16% of elderly people without dementia. MCI is considered an intermediate state between normal cognition and dementia. OBJECTIVE: To analyze risk factors for the development of MCI in German primary care practices. METHODS: In total, 3,604 MCI patients and 3,604 controls without MCI were included between January 2010 and December 2015. Several disorders potentially associated with MCI were determined...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911311/risk-factors-and-pathological-substrates-associated-with-agitation-aggression-in-alzheimer-s-disease-a-preliminary-study-using-nacc-data
#9
Simrin Sennik, Tom A Schweizer, Corinne E Fischer, David G Munoz
BACKGROUND: Neuropsychiatric symptoms are common manifestations of Alzheimer's disease (AD). A number of studies have targeted psychosis, i.e., hallucinations and delusions in AD, but few have assessed agitation/aggression in AD. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk factors and pathological substrates associated with presence [A(+)] and absence [A(-)] of agitation/aggression (A) in autopsy-confirmed AD. METHODS: Data was collected from the UDS data as of 2015 on the NACC database...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911304/effects-of-short-term-exercise-interventions-on-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-in-patients-with-dementia-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#10
Tim Fleiner, Stefan Leucht, Hans Foerstl, Wiebren Zijlstra, Peter Haussermann
Observational and interventional studies indicate a direct link between the patients' physical activity and the extent of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). At present, there are no evidence-based recommendations for physical exercise in the acute dementia care settings. Hence, this systematic review investigates the effects of short-term exercise trials on BPSD. Trials with a length up to three months investigating the effects of structured exercise interventions on BPSD in acute dementia care settings were included...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911295/efficacy-and-safety-of-plasma-exchange-with-5-albumin-to-modify-cerebrospinal-fluid-and-plasma-amyloid-%C3%AE-concentrations-and-cognition-outcomes-in%C3%A2-alzheimer-s-disease-patients-a%C3%A2-multicenter-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#11
Mercè Boada, Fernando Anaya, Pilar Ortiz, Javier Olazarán, Joshua R Shua-Haim, Thomas O Obisesan, Isabel Hernández, Joan Muñoz, Mar Buendia, Montserrat Alegret, Asunción Lafuente, Lluís Tárraga, Laura Núñez, Mireia Torres, Joan Ramon Grifols, Isidre Ferrer, Oscar L Lopez, Antonio Páez
BACKGROUND: Studies conducted in animal models and humans suggest the presence of a dynamic equilibrium of amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide between cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and plasma compartments. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether plasma exchange (PE) with albumin replacement was able to modify Aβ concentrations in CSF and plasma as well as to improve cognition in patients with mild-moderate Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS: In a multicenter, randomized, patient- and rater-blind, controlled, parallel-group, phase II study, 42 AD patients were assigned (1 : 1) to PE treatment or control (sham) groups...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911261/targeted-deletion-of-akap7-in-dentate-granule-cells-impairs-spatial-discrimination
#12
Brian W Jones, Jennifer Deem, Thomas J Younts, Michael Weisenhaus, Christina A Sanford, Margaret C Slack, Jenesa Chin, Daniela Nachmanson, Alex McKennon, Pablo E Castillo, G Stanley McKnight
Protein Kinase A (PKA) mediates synaptic plasticity and is widely implicated in learning and memory. The hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) is thought to be responsible for processing and encoding distinct contextual associations in response to highly similar inputs. The mossy fiber (MF) axons of the dentate granule cells convey strong excitatory drive to CA3 pyramidal neurons and express presynaptic, PKA-dependent forms of plasticity. Here, we demonstrate an essential role for the PKA anchoring protein, AKAP7, in mouse MF axons and terminals...
December 2, 2016: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911240/an-improvement-program-as-a-way-to-intensify-inter-professional-collaboration-in-the-community-for-people-with-mental-disabilities-a-follow-up
#13
Ann-Christin Janlöv, Ingrid Ainalem, Ann-Christine Andersson, Agneta Berg
The aim of the study was to follow up inter-professional experiences of improvement work one year after a completed CII improvement program aiming at improve health care and social services for people with mental disabilities living in ordinary housing. This study was performed with a qualitative descriptive approach which employed six focus group interviews followed by a thematic analysis. The results revealed four themes; Self-awareness and insights; Behavior and actions in daily practice; Organizational cultures and subcultures; and Organizational practices, using Ken Wilbers' integral theory of four quadrants of realities as a holistic frame in the discussion...
December 2, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911092/sexual-well-being-in-older-women-the-relevance-of-sexual-excitation-and-sexual-inhibition
#14
Suzanne Bell, Elke D Reissing
The aim of this study was to use the dual control model of sexual response (DCM) to investigate variation in sexual well-being among women 50 years of age and older. Data from 185 women 50 years of age and older (M = 59.46, SD = 6.96) were used to examine the relationships between sexual excitation (SE) and sexual inhibition (SI) and their lower-order factors to indicators of sexual well-being (i.e., sexual functioning, satisfaction, distress, frequency of sexual activity, and breadth of sexual behavior)...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911091/who-adopts-queer-and-pansexual-sexual-identities
#15
James S Morandini, Alexander Blaszczynski, Ilan Dar-Nimrod
Some nonheterosexual individuals are eschewing lesbian/gay and bisexual identities for queer and pansexual identities. The present study aimed to examine the sexual and demographic characteristics of nonheterosexual individuals who adopt these labels. A convenience sample of 2,220 nonheterosexual (1,459 lesbian/gay, 413 bisexual, 168 queer, 146 pansexual, and 34 other "write-in") individuals were recruited for a cross-sectional online survey. In support of our hypotheses, those adopting pansexual identities were younger than those adopting lesbian, gay, and bisexual identities, and those adopting queer and pansexual identities were more likely to be noncisgender than cisgender, and more likely to be cisgender women than men...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911089/don-t-say-that-to-me-opposition-to-targeting-in-weight-centric-intervention-messages
#16
Becky Robinson, Samantha Coveleski
Obesity is a global health issue. Despite well-intentioned efforts by public institutions, traditional health promotion techniques often lead to offending those most in need of weight loss. For example, when Bryn Mawr College targeted overweight students to offer a free fitness and nutrition program, it was met with accusations of fat-shaming, indicating that weight-centric messages operate in a more complex sociocultural system than many public health concerns. To better understand reactions to weight-centric health messages, college-aged women evaluated the Bryn Mawr College e-mail...
December 2, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911088/african-american-women-s-perspectives-on-donating-healthy-breast-tissue-for-research-implications-for-recruitment
#17
Katherine E Ridley-Merriweather, Katharine J Head
African American women die of breast cancer at a higher rate than any other racial group. The Komen Tissue Bank (KTB) is an ongoing clinical trial that collects healthy breast tissue from women of all racial groups to use as controls in research and represents a critical tool in efforts to treat and prevent breast cancer; however, African Americans display reticence toward donating breast tissue to the KTB. Through the lens of the Integrated Behavioral Model, this study recruited African American women to share their perspectives on donating breast tissue for research purposes...
December 2, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911086/affective-and-autonomic-responses-to-erotic-images-evidence-of-disgust-based-mechanisms-in-female-sexual-interest-arousal-disorder
#18
Natasha S DePesa, Jeffrey E Cassisi
Disgust has recently been implicated in the development and maintenance of female sexual dysfunction, yet most empirical studies have been conducted with a sexually healthy sample. The current study contributes to the literature by expanding the application of a disgust model of sexual functioning to a clinically relevant sample of women with low sexual desire/arousal and accompanying sexual distress. Young women (mean age = 19.12 years) with psychometrically defined sexual dysfunction (i.e., female sexual interest/arousal disorder [FSIAD] group) and a healthy control group were compared in their affective (i...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911083/nonlinear-growth-models-as-measurement-models-a-second-order-growth-curve-model-for-measuring-potential
#19
Daniel McNeish, Denis Dumas
Recent methodological work has highlighted the promise of nonlinear growth models for addressing substantive questions in the behavioral sciences. In this article, we outline a second-order nonlinear growth model in order to measure a critical notion in development and education: potential. Here, potential is conceptualized as having three components-ability, capacity, and availability-where ability is the amount of skill a student is estimated to have at a given timepoint, capacity is the maximum amount of ability a student is predicted to be able to develop asymptotically, and availability is the difference between capacity and ability at any particular timepoint...
December 2, 2016: Multivariate Behavioral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911049/family-partners-in-lifestyle-support-pals-family-based-weight-loss-for-african-american-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#20
Carmen D Samuel-Hodge, Judith C Holder-Cooper, Ziya Gizlice, Gwendolyn Davis, Sonia P Steele, Thomas C Keyserling, Shiriki K Kumanyika, Phillip J Brantley, Laura P Svetkey
OBJECTIVE: To develop and test a family-centered behavioral weight loss intervention for African American adults with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: In this randomized trial, dyads consisting of an African American adult with overweight or obesity and type 2 diabetes (index participant) paired with a family partner with overweight or obesity but not diagnosed with diabetes were assigned in a 2:1 ratio to a 20-week special intervention (SI) or delayed intervention (DI) control group...
December 2, 2016: Obesity
keyword
keyword
78421
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"