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Venous embolism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346964/lipoprotein-a-as-a-risk-factor-for-venous-thromboembolism-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-literature
#1
Francesco Dentali, Vera Gessi, Rossella Marcucci, Monica Gianni, Anna Maria Grandi, Massimo Franchini
Elevated plasma levels of lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)) are associated with increased cardiovascular risk in several clinical studies. However, there is a lack of data supporting a positive association between elevated Lp(a) levels and venous thromboembolism (VTE). Thus, we conducted a systematic review of the literature to better clarify its role as a risk factor for VTE. Medline and the Embase (up to May 2015) electronic databases were used to identify potentially eligible studies. Studies measuring Lp(a) values in adult patients with deep vein thrombosis and/or pulmonary embolism and in a population of patients without a VTE were selected...
March 27, 2017: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345064/pneumocephalus-in-a-patient-with-multiple-stab-wounds
#2
Yusuf Savran, Volkan Karacam, Basak Bayram, Erdem Yaka, Nuri Karabay
Pneumocephalus is a complication of trauma to the chest and many iatrogenic interventions. It may arise due to systemic air embolism or retrograde cerebral venous air embolism which is an extremely rare complication. We report a 26-years-old female patient who presented to the Emergency Department suffering of multiple stab wounds. She was in a state of shock and after first aid and evaluation she was operated successfully. In the early postoperative period generalized tonic clonic convulsions were observed following cardiopulmonary resuscitation due to sudden cardiovascular collapse...
March 2017: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344968/pulmonary-embolism-in-a-healthy-woman-using-the-oral-contraceptives-containing-desogestrel
#3
Min-Jeong Park, Gyun-Ho Jeon
Venous thromboembolism is well known as one of the rare but serious adverse effects of combined oral contraceptives (COCs). The COCs with third and fourth generation progestogens were found to have higher risk of venous thrombosis than those with second generation progestogens. We present a case of pulmonary embolism in a 23-year-old nulligravid woman who was using COCs containing the third generation progestogen (desogestrel). At the time of presentation of the adverse effect, she had been using the COCs for 4 months...
March 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344313/liver-injury-and-tumor-inhibiting-effect-of-sequential-transcatheter-arterial-chemoembolization-and-portal-venous-embolization-on-rabbit-vx2-liver-carcinoma
#4
Dongda Song, Minggen Hu, Weichang Guo
BACKGROUND The concepts of sequential transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) and portal venous embolization (PVE) were proposed to prevent the detrimental tumor growth-inducing effect of PVE and to facilitate growth of further future liver remnant (FLR). This study aimed to investigate the effect of sequential TACE and PVE on liver damage and the therapeutic effect in a rabbit VX2 liver tumor model. MATERIAL AND METHODS Rabbits bearing VX2 liver tumors were randomly divided into TACE+PVE, TACE, PVE, and Sham groups...
March 27, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341513/impact-of-inferior-vena-cava-filter-placement-on-short-term-outcomes-in-patients-with-acute-pulmonary-embolism
#5
Nathan L Liang, Elizabeth A Genovese, Efthymios D Avgerinos, Michael J Singh, Michel S Makaroun, Rabih A Chaer
BACKGROUND: Inferior vena cava filters (IVCF) have been associated with improved survival in patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE) in some studies. However, without randomization, those with early mortality who did not receive an IVCF may have died prior to treatment decision about filter placement, falsely contributing a survival advantage to those receiving IVCF and biasing the results of previous observational studies. The objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of IVCF on in-hospital mortality after adjusting for this survivor treatment selection...
March 21, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341499/renal-arteriovenous-malformations-a-rare-vascular-cause-of-back-pain
#6
Tazo Inui, David Frankel
OBJECTIVE: Renal arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a very rare phenomenon (fewer than 200 cases in the literature), most commonly (75%) presenting with hematuria in young women. Renal AVMs may be cirsoid (multi-branched) or cavernous, with cirsoid morphology predominating 3:1. The historical treatment is partial nephrectomy. Best endovascular therapy is divided among many options. We present 2 cases of large renal AVMs treated with single Amplatzer plugs. METHODS: During a 2-year period (2014-15), 2 patients presented for vascular evaluation of renal AVMs found incidentally on workup for non-specific abdominal and back pain...
March 21, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340061/venous-thrombo-embolism-thalidomide-leprosy
#7
Bharath A Chhabria, Ashok Kumar Pannu, Ashish Bhalla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 11, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336037/deep-vein-thrombosis-and-pulmonary-embolism-considerations-in-orthopedic-surgery
#8
REVIEW
Jasmine Saleh, Mouhanad M El-Othmani, Khaled J Saleh
Patients undergoing orthopedic surgery have an increased risk for deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). These complications are considered detrimental, as they cause major postoperative morbidity and mortality and lead to a substantial health care burden. Because of the high incidence and serious nature of these complications, it is essential for orthopedic surgeons to have a comprehensive knowledge of the risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment of acute DVT and PE. Perioperative management of orthopedic patients to prevent postoperative DVT and PE and optimize postoperative outcomes is also discussed in this review...
April 2017: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335179/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-and-the-irradiation-of-pelvic-venous-embolization
#9
Flore Tillie Pansini, Rémi Laurent, Nicolas Delhaye, Ambre Bohnert, Béatrice Sarraz-Bournet, Jacques Chevalier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334639/inferior-vena-cava-filters-in-patients-with-cancer-and-venous-thromboembolism-vte-does-not-improve-clinical-outcomes-a-population-based-study
#10
Ann Brunson, Gwendolyn Ho, Richard White, Ted Wun
BACKGROUND: There are few studies that have determined clinical outcomes following inferior vena cava filter (IVCF) insertion in cancer patients hospitalized for acute deep-vein-thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism (PE). METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed hospital discharge records of all patients with active cancer who were admitted to a California hospital specifically for acute DVT or PE between 2005 through 2009. Propensity and competing risk methodology were used to determine if IVCF-use lowered either 30-day mortality or the risk of recurrent PE, DVT, and major bleeding within 180days...
March 16, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332985/prostate-cancer-radiation-therapy-and-risk-of-thromboembolic-events
#11
Cecilia Bosco, Hans Garmo, Jan Adolfsson, Pär Stattin, Lars Holmberg, Per Nilsson, Adalsteinn Gunnlaugsson, Anders Widmark, Mieke Van Hemelrijck
PURPOSE: To investigate the risk of thromboembolic disease (TED) after radiation therapy (RT) with curative intent for prostate cancer (PCa). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We identified all men who received RT as curative treatment (n=9410) and grouped according to external beam RT (EBRT) or brachytherapy (BT). By comparing with an age- and county-matched comparison cohort of PCa-free men (n=46,826), we investigated risk of TED after RT using Cox proportional hazard regression models...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332097/novel-and-advanced-techniques-for-complex-ivc-filter-retrieval
#12
REVIEW
Dania Daye, T Gregory Walker
Inferior vena cava (IVC) filter placement is indicated for the treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients with a contraindication to or a failure of anticoagulation. With the advent of retrievable IVC filters and their ease of placement, an increasing number of such filters are being inserted for prophylaxis in patients at high risk for VTE. Available data show that only a small number of these filters are retrieved within the recommended period, if at all, prompting the FDA to issue a statement on the need for their timely removal...
April 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331932/pulmonary-embolism-and-in-situ-pulmonary-artery-thrombosis-in-paediatrics-a-systematic-review
#13
Madhvi Rajpurkar, Tina Biss, Ernest Amankwah, Denise Martinez, Suzan Williams, C Heleen Van Ommen, Neil A Goldenberg
Data on paediatric pulmonary embolism (PE) are scarce. We sought to systematically review the current literature on childhood PE and conducted a search on paediatric PE via PubMed (1946-2013) and Embase (1980-2013). There was significant heterogeneity in reported data. Two patterns were noted: classic thromboembolic PE (TE-PE) and in situ pulmonary artery thrombosis (ISPAT). Mean age of presentation for TE-PE was 14.86 years, and 51 % of cases were males. The commonest method for diagnosis of TE-PE was contrast CT with angiography (74 % of patients)...
March 23, 2017: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329897/maternal-labor-delivery-and-perinatal-outcomes-associated-with-placental-abruption-a-systematic-review
#14
Katheryne L Downes, Katherine L Grantz, Edmond D Shenassa
Objective Risk factors for placental abruption have changed, but there has not been an updated systematic review investigating outcomes. Methods We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, SCOPUS, and CINAHL for publications from January 1, 2005 through December 31, 2016. We reviewed English-language publications reporting estimated incidence and/or risk factors for maternal, labor, delivery, and perinatal outcomes associated with abruption. We excluded case studies, conference abstracts, and studies that lacked a referent/comparison group or did not clearly characterize placental abruption...
March 22, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328752/venous-air-embolism-the-severity-depends-on-many-factors
#15
Yafen Liang, Mark J Rice
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328612/complications-after-treatment-of-head-and-neck-venous-malformations-with-sodium-tetradecyl-sulfate-foam
#16
Giacomo Colletti, Alberto Deganello, Alessandro Bardazzi, Raul Mattassi, Pietro Dalmonte, Luca Gazzabin, Francesco Stillo
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate complications in patients with head and neck venous malformations (VMs) treated with foam sclerotherapy using sodium tetradecyl sulfate (STS). METHODS: The authors retrospectively evaluated the complications, pain. and degree of satisfaction in 69 consecutive patients affected by cervicofacial VM managed with STS using the Tessari method in a single institution. RESULTS: The average number of procedures for each patient was 2...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328590/air-embolism-during-posterior-spinal-fusion-in-a-10-year-old-girl-a-case-report
#17
Paul F Lee-Archer, Brett Chaseling
Venous air embolism is a rare but recognized complication of posterior spinal fusion surgery and epidural placement using a loss of resistance to air technique. We report a case of a probable venous air embolism causing cardiac arrest in a 10-year-old girl undergoing posterior spinal fusion in the prone position. The most likely source of the embolism was injection of air into the epidural space from a loss of resistance to air technique. This case also demonstrates the potential for paradoxical cerebral embolism in the absence of an intracardiac defect...
March 15, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323192/multimodality-management-of-spetzler-martin-grade-3-brain-arteriovenous-malformations-with-subgroup-analysis
#18
Isaac Josh Abecassis, John D Nerva, Abdullah Feroze, Jason Barber, Basavaraj V Ghodke, Louis J Kim, Laligam N Sekhar
INTRODUCTION: Spetzler-Martin grade 3 (SM3) lesions entail 4 distinct subtypes described based on size, eloquence, and deep venous drainage (DVD) (3A-3D). The ideal management of each is contentious, and the results of A Randomized Trial of Unruptured Brain AVMs (ARUBA) introduced additional controversy and attention towards management strategies of unruptured bAVMs. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 114 patients with treated SM3 bAVMs, including both ruptured and unruptured lesions...
March 18, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321062/the-presence-of-venous-gas-does-not-affect-the-prognosis-in-emphysematous-cystitis
#19
Yuki Yoshimatsu, Tomoko Takai, Yasuhisa Abe, Toshimasa Nakagawa
Objective Emphysematous cystitis (EC) has a high mortality rate compared with urinary tract infection without emphysema. However, its prognostic factors have yet to be determined. The presence of venous gas is suspected to be a rare, adverse prognostic factor of EC. However, all four previously reported cases improved. We hypothesized that venous gas is not an adverse prognostic factor of EC and aimed to assess the effect of venous gas on the EC prognosis. Methods Medical records were reviewed retrospectively...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320993/intractable-back-pain-after-coil-embolization-of-giant-veno-venous-collaterals-in-a-patient-with-fontan-circulation
#20
Seigo Okada, Masahiro Kamada, Naomi Nakagawa, Yukiko Ishiguchi, Yuji Moritoh, Mayuko Shohi, Kengo Okamoto, Shunji Hasegawa, Shouichi Ohga
Veno-venous collaterals are sometimes seen in patients after the Fontan procedure. A 28-year-old female with tricuspid atresia who underwent the Fontan procedure had oxygen desaturation due to a giant veno-venous collateral. Coil embolization was performed for the collateral. After the procedure, she complained of severe back pain. Anti-inflammatory analgesics and steroids were not effective, although carbamazepine promptly relieved the intractable pain. Treatment-related pain after coil embolization for veno-venous collaterals in patients with Fontan physiology is quite rare, although cardiologists must recognize a critical condition to be differentiated from vascular occlusion...
March 21, 2017: International Heart Journal
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