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Irineu Loturco, Lucas A Pereira, Ciro Winckler, Jaime R Bragança, Roger A da Fonseca, Ronaldo Kobal, Cesar C Cal Abad, Katia Kitamura, Fabio Y Nakamura, Emerson Franchini
The aim of this study was to describe the variations in power performance of elite Paralympic judo athletes across three consecutive training cycles of preparation for the ParaPan American Games, the World Championship and the Paralympic Games. Eleven Paralympic judokas from the Brazilian National team participated in this study. They were repeatedly assessed using squat and countermovement jumps, mean propulsive power (MPP) in the jump-squat (JS), the bench press and prone bench pull at several moments of the preparation...
December 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
Valentin Gorboulev, Saba Rehman, Christoph Michael Albert, Ursula Roth, Marleen Julia Meyer, Mladen Vassielev Tzvetkov, Thomas Dieter Mueller, Hermann Koepsell
Effects of mutations in the modeled outward-open cleft of rat organic cation transporter 1 (rOCT1) on affinities of substrates and inhibitors were investigated. Human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells were stably transfected with rOCT1 or rOCT1 mutants, and uptake of the substrates 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium+ (MPP+) and tetraethylammonium+ (TEA+) or inhibition of MPP+ uptake by the non-transported inhibitors tetrabutylammonium+ (TBuA+), tetrapentylammonium+ (TPeA+) and corticosterone was measured. Uptake measurements were performed on confluent cell layers using 2 min-incubation or in dissociated cells using incubation times of 1, 5, or 10 s...
January 16, 2018: Molecular Pharmacology
Ta-Yu Liu, Wei-Ju Lee, Chih-Min Tsai, Kuang-Che Kuo, Chen-Hsiang Lee, Kai-Sheng Hsieh, Chin-Hao Chang, Yu-Tsun Su, Chen-Kuang Niu, Hong-Ren Yu
Although usually self-limiting, Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) may lead to clinical or radiological deterioration despite macrolide antibiotic therapy, resulting in the development of refractory MPP (RMPP). Corticosteroids have been used to treat RMPP with beneficial effects. Serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) is a suggested biomarker for the use of steroid therapy. Since serum LDH is a non-specific marker and elevated in many inflammatory processes, this study investigates the predicting level of LDH isoenzymes for RMPP...
December 26, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Mohamad Habous, Alaa Tealab, Mohammed Farag, Tarek Soliman, Ben Williamson, Saad Mahmoud, Amin Elserafy, Zenhom Mekawi, Abdallah Remeah, Mohammed Nassar, Osama Laban, Osama Abdelwahab, Saleh Binsaleh, Simone Giona, David Ralph, John Mulhall
BACKGROUND: The inflatable penile prosthesis (IPP) is typically the preferred implant for Peyronie's disease (PD) and malleable penile prostheses (MPPs) have been discouraged. AIMS: To evaluate the effectiveness and patient satisfaction of the MPP vs IPP in patients with PD. METHODS: Men with PD and erectile dysfunction who elected for penile implant surgery constituted the study population. Preoperatively, demographic and comorbidity parameters were recorded...
January 11, 2018: Sexual Medicine
Jiang-Jiang Xu, Lin-Hua Shu
OBJECTIVE: To provide a basis for early diagnosis and treatment of refractory Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (RMPP) in children by comparing the clinical characteristics of RMPP and general Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP). METHODS: Children with MPP hospitalized between October 2015 and December 2016 were selected as study subjects. According to the diagnostic criteria, children were divided into RMPP group (n=152) and MPP group (n=551). The differences between the two groups in the basic situation, clinical manifestations, infection parameters and myocardial enzymes were compared...
January 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Saulo Gil, Renato Barroso, Everton Crivoi do Carmo, Irineu Loturco, Ronaldo Kobal, Valmor Tricoli, Carlos Ugrinowitsch, Hamilton Roschel
Resisted sprint training consists of performing overloaded sprints, which may produce greater effects than traditional sprint training. We compared a resisted sprint training with overload control versus an unresisted sprint training program on performance in soccer players. Eighteen elite athletes were randomly assigned to resisted (RST) or unresisted sprint training protocol (UR). Before and after a 6-week training period, sprinting ability, change of direction speed (COD), vertical jumps (SJ and CMJ), mean power (MP) and mean propulsive power (MPP) at distinct loads were assessed...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
Hui Liu, Zhen-Long Wu, Xiao-Jun Huang, Yinghui Peng, Xiaojie Huang, Lei Shi, Ying Wang, Wen-Cai Ye
Two pairs of new diarylheptanoid-monoterpene adduct enantiomers, (±)-alpininoids A and B [(±)-1 and (±)-2], as well as three pairs of new diarylheptanoid-sesquiterpene adduct enantiomers, (±)-alpininoids C-E [(±)-3-(±)-5], together with four known diarylheptanoids (6-9) were isolated from the rhizomes of Alpinia officinarum. Their structures with absolute configurations were elucidated on the basis of comprehensive spectroscopic analyses and computational calculation methods. The skeletons of these cyclohexene-containing hybrid natural products were hypothesized to be generated via a crucial Diels-Alder cycloaddition between the diarylheptanoids (7 and 8) and terpenes, of which 1 represents a new carbon skeleton...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Natural Products
Shaoqing Xu, Xiaodong Yang, Yiwei Qian, Qin Xiao
Loss of function mutations of DJ-1 (PARK7) have been linked to the pathogenesis of Parkinson disease (PD). Antioxidative stress is one of the multi-protective functions of DJ-1, and oxidation of cysteine 106 (Cys106) has been proposed to regulate the protective activity of DJ-1. Uncoupling protein 4 (UCP4) is located in the inner membrane of mitochondria and functions to protect against oxidative stress. In this study, we used neuronal (SH-SY5Y) cells and DJ-1 knockout (KO) mice to elucidate whether DJ-1 regulated oxidative stress via modulating the expression of UCP4, and the underlying mechanism...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Neurochemistry
Arti Sharma Parpia, Marc B Goldstein, JoAnne Arcand, France Cho, Mary R L'Abbé, Pauline B Darling
BACKGROUND: Sodium-reduced packaged food products are increasingly available to consumers; however, it is not clear whether they are suitable for inclusion in a potassium-reduced diet. For individuals with impaired renal potassium excretion caused by chronic kidney disease and for those taking certain medications that interfere with the rennin-angiotensin aldosterone axis, the need to limit dietary potassium is important in view of the risk for development of hyperkalemia and fatal cardiac arrhythmias...
January 6, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Angelo Iannarelli, Beatrice Sacconi, Francesca Tomei, Marco Anile, Flavia Longo, Mario Bezzi, Alessandro Napoli, Luca Saba, Michele Anzidei, Giulia D'Ovidio, Roberto Scipione, Carlo Catalano
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate potential relationship between qualitative CT features, quantitative texture analysis (QTA), histology, WHO staging, Masaoka classification and myasthenic syndrome in patients with thymic tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixteen patients affected by histologically proven thymic tumors were retrospectively included in the study population. Clinical information, with special regard to myasthenic syndrome and serological positivity of anti-AchR antibodies, were recorded...
January 6, 2018: La Radiologia Medica
Benyue Zhang, Damilola Oyewole-Said, Jun Zou, Ifor R Willliams, Andrew T Gewirtz
Administration of the bacterial protein flagellin to mice activates innate immune signaling that protects against an array of challenges, including ionizing radiation. Herein, we define the underlying mechanism for this protection. We report that flagellin treatment induces proliferation and mobilization of bone marrow cells that aid survival following irradiation. Specifically, treatment of mice or bone marrow cells ex vivo with flagellin induced Toll-like receptor 5 (TLR5)-dependent and NOD-like receptor C4-independent proliferation of Lin-Sca-1+Kit+ (LSK) cells, which includes both hematopoietic stem cells that provide long-term repopulation (LTR) and multipotent progenitor cells (MPPs) that transiently proliferate and differentiate into a range of blood cell types...
September 26, 2017: Blood Advances
Qingqing Liu, Qi Qin, Hongxue Sun, Di Zhong, Ran An, Yushuang Tian, Hongping Chen, Jing Jin, Haining Wang, Guozhong Li
AIMS: The aim of the study is to evaluate the neuroprotective effects of olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) with the overexpression of nuclear receptor-related factor 1 (Nurr1) and neurogenin 2 (Ngn2) in experimental models of Parkinson's disease (PD) and to elucidate the potential mechanism underlying the neuroprotective effects of OECs-Nurr1-Ngn2. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vitro study, OECs-Nurr1-Ngn2 conditioned medium (CM) was added to MPP+-treated PC12 cells for 24h, and then the viability of PC12 cells, oxidative stress and apoptosis were detected...
December 29, 2017: Life Sciences
J Serrano-Lopez, K Nattamai, N A Pease, M S Shephard, A M Wellendorf, M Sertorio, E A Smith, H Geiger, S I Wells, J A Cancelas, L M Privette Vinnedge
Self-renewing hematopoietic stem cells and multipotent progenitor cells are responsible for maintaining hematopoiesis throughout an individual's lifetime. For overall health and survival, it is critically important that the genome stability of these cells is maintained and that the cell population is not exhausted. Previous reports have demonstrated that the DEK protein, a chromatin structural protein that functions in numerous nuclear processes, is required for DNA damage repair in vitro and long-term engraftment of hematopoietic stem cells in vivo...
December 27, 2017: Experimental Hematology
Wang Yan, Zhao-Ying Chen, Jia-Qi Chen, Hui-Min Chen
BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNA nuclear paraspeckle assembly transcript 1 (lncRNA NEAT1) was found to be closely related to the pathological changes in brain and nervous system. However, the role of NEAT1 and its potential mechanism in Parkinson's disease (PD) largely remain uncharacterized. METHODS: In this study, PD mouse model was established by intraperitoneal injection of MPTP. The numbers of TH + neurons, NEAT1 expression and the level of PINK1, LC3-II, LC3-I protein were assessed in PD mice...
December 26, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Renye Que, Yanting Shen, Jianlin Ren, Zhihui Tao, Xiaoyan Zhu, Yong Li
Saikosaponin-d (SSd) is one of the major triterpenoid saponins derived from Bupleurum falcatum L., which has been reported to possess antifibrotic activity. At present, there is little information regarding the potential target of SSd in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), which serve an important role in excessive extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition during the pathogenesis of hepatic fibrosis. Our recent study indicated that SSd may be considered a novel type of phytoestrogen with estrogen‑like actions. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the effects of SSd on the proliferation and activation of HSCs, and the underlying mechanisms associated with estrogen receptors...
December 22, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Lei Xia, Dianxuan Guo, Bing Chen
Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by a progressive degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta. Inflammation and neural degeneration are implicated in the pathogenesis of PD. Astragaloside IV (AS-IV) has been verified to attenuate inflammation. The current study aimed to investigate the role of AS-IV in PD and the possible molecular mechanisms. Pole, traction and swim tests were performed to examine the effects of AS-IV on 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1, 2, 3, 6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-generated behavioral deficiencies in vivo...
December 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Richard Wollhofen, Markus Axmann, Peter Freudenthaler, Christian Gabriel, Clemens Röhrl, Herbert Stangl, Thomas A Klar, Jaroslaw Jacak
Multiphoton polymerization (MPP) enables 3D fabrication of micro- and nanoscale devices with complex geometries. Using MPP, we create a 3D platform for protein assays. Elevating the protein binding sites above the substrate surface allows optically sectioned readout, minimizing the inevitable background signal from non-specific protein adsorption at the substrate surface. Two fluorescence linked immunosorbent assays (FLISA) are demonstrated, the first one relying on streptavidin-biotin recognition and the second one on antibody recognition of apolipoprotein A1, a major constituent of high-density lipoprotein particles...
December 27, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Kumiko Masuda, Hiroyasu Tsutsuki, Shingo Kasamatsu, Tomoaki Ida, Tsuyoshi Takata, Kikuya Sugiura, Motohiro Nishida, Yasuo Watanabe, Tomohiro Sawa, Takaaki Akaike, Hideshi Ihara
To investigate the role of nitric oxide (NO)/reactive oxygen species (ROS) redox signaling in Parkinson's disease-like neurotoxicity, we used 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+) treatment (a model of Parkinson's disease). We show that MPP+-induced neurotoxicity was dependent on ROS from neuronal NO synthase (nNOS) in nNOS-expressing PC12 cells (NPC12 cells) and rat cerebellar granule neurons (CGNs). Following MPP+ treatment, we found production of 8-nitroguanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (8-nitro-cGMP), a second messenger in the NO/ROS redox signaling pathway, in NPC12 cells and rat CGNs, that subsequently induced S-guanylation and activation of H-Ras...
December 16, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Yi-Nan Zhang, Yan-Fang Yang, Xiu-Wei Yang
The fruits of Euodia rutaecarpa (Euodiae Fructus, EF), the widely used traditional Chinese medicine, have various central nervous system effects. Alkaloids following as evodiamine (EDM), rutaecarpine (RCP) and dehydroevodiamine (DEDM) are the major substances in EF. The MDCK-pHaMDR cell monolayer model was utilized as a blood-brain barrier (BBB) surrogate model to study their BBB permeability. The transport samples were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography and the apparent permeability coefficients (Papp) were calculated...
December 12, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Roberto A Rodriguez, Liao Y Chen, Germán Plascencia-Villa, George Perry
Amyloid-β (Aβ) fibrils and plaques are one of the hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease. While the kinetics of fibrillar growth of Aβ have been extensively studied, several vital questions remain. In particular, the atomistic origins of the Arrhenius barrier observed in experiments have not been elucidated. Employing the familiar thermodynamic integration method, we have directly simulated the dissociation of an Aβ(15-40) (D23N mutant) peptide from the surface of a filament along its most probable path (MPP) using all-atom molecular dynamics...
December 14, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
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