Read by QxMD icon Read


Ayesha Fawad, Andreas Bergmann, Joachim Struck, Peter M Nilsson, Marju Orho-Melander, Olle Melander
Context: The gut hormone neurotensin promotes fat absorption, diet-induced weight gain and liver steatosis. Its stable precursor-hormone fragment "proneurotensin" predicts cardiometabolic disease in middle-aged populations, especially in women. Objective: To test if proneurotensin predicts cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes development in an elderly population and whether there are gender differences in this respect. Design, Setting and Participants: Fasting proneurotensin was measured in plasma from 4804 participants (mean age 69±6 years) of the Malmö Preventive Project (MPP) and subjects were followed up for development of CVD and diabetes during 5...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Vinit Baliyan, Hamed Kordbacheh, Bimal Parameswaran, Balaji Ganeshan, Dushyant Sahani, Avinash Kambadakone
PURPOSE: To study the impact of keV levels of virtual monoenergetic images generated from rapid kVp-switching dual-energy CT (rsDECT) on CT texture analysis (CTTA). METHODS: This study included 30 consecutive patients (59.3 ± 12 years; range 34-77 years; 17M:13F) who underwent portal venous phase abdominal CT on a rsDECT scanner. Axial 5-mm monoenergetic images at 5 energy levels (40/50/60/70/80 keV) were created and CTTA of liver was performed. CTTA comprised a filtration-histogram technique with different spatial scale filter (SSF) values (0-6)...
March 14, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
Maria Perez Carrion, Francesca Pischedda, Alice Biosa, Isabella Russo, Letizia Straniero, Laura Civiero, Marianna Guida, Christian J Gloeckner, Nicola Ticozzi, Cinzia Tiloca, Claudio Mariani, Gianni Pezzoli, Stefano Duga, Irene Pichler, Lifeng Pan, John E Landers, Elisa Greggio, Michael W Hess, Stefano Goldwurm, Giovanni Piccoli
Mutations in leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 gene ( LRRK2 ) are associated with familial and sporadic Parkinson's disease (PD). LRRK2 is a complex protein that consists of multiple domains, including 13 putative armadillo-type repeats at the N-terminus. In this study, we analyzed the functional and molecular consequences of a novel variant, E193K, identified in an Italian family. E193K substitution does not influence LRRK2 kinase activity. Instead it affects LRRK2 biochemical properties, such as phosphorylation at Ser935 and affinity for 14-3-3ε...
2018: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
Huiling Wang, Menglan Zhao, Jialong Chen, Yixian Ren, Guanghai Wang, Wenjun Li, Fei Zou
Parkinson's disease (PD) is one of the most debilitating neurodegenerative disorders. The etiology of sporadic PD remains unknown. One prominent hypothesis is that impaired mitochondrial function may underlie slow and progressive neurodegeneration. Mitochondrial calcium uniporter (MCU) is a crucial component that regulates the intramitochondrial Ca level. Ca uptake to the mitochondria by MCU, resulting in activation of mitochondrial dehydrogenases and stimulation of ATP synthesis, but excessive Ca uptake to the mitochondria resulting in cell apoptosis...
March 13, 2018: Neuroreport
Ann Kristin Frøyset, Amanda J Edson, Naouel Gharbi, Essa A Khan, Daniel Dondorp, Qing Bai, Ettore Tiraboschi, Maximiliano L Suster, Joanne B Connolly, Edward A Burton, Kari E Fladmark
DJ-1, a Parkinson's disease-associated protein, is strongly up-regulated in reactive astrocytes in Parkinson's disease. This is proposed to represent a neuronal protective response, although the mechanism has not yet been identified. We have generated a transgenic zebrafish line with increased astroglial DJ-1 expression driven by regulatory elements from the zebrafish GFAP gene. Larvae from this transgenic line are protected from oxidative stress-induced injuries as caused by MPP+ , a mitochondrial complex I inhibitor shown to induce dopaminergic cells death...
February 17, 2018: Redox Biology
Andrea Boente Juncal, Aida G Mendez, Carmen Vale, Mercedes R Vieytes, Luis M Botana
Spirolides are marine toxins, produced by dinoflagellates that act as potent antagonists of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. These compounds are not toxic for humans and since there are no reports of human intoxications caused by this group of toxins they are not yet currently regulated in Europe. Currently 13-desmethyl spirolide C, 13,19-didesmethyl spirolide C and 20-methyl spirolide G are commercially available as reference materials. Previous work in our laboratory has demonstrated that after 4 days of treatment of primary mice cortical neurons with 13-desmethyl spirolide C, the compound ameliorated the glutamate induced toxicity and increased acetylcholine levels and the expression of the acetylcholine synthesizing enzyme being useful both in vitro and in vivo to decrease the brain pathology associated with Alzheimer´s disease...
March 8, 2018: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
Qin Chen, Xiaoyan Huang, Renjie Li
Metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1), as a long chain non-coding RNA (lncRNA), has been reported to be upregulated in Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the mechanisms underlying this process remain unknown. Hence, to investigate the role of MALAT1 in PD, N-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+ ) was used to induce PD in vitro in the MN9D dopaminergic neuronal cell line and 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) was used to induce PD in vivo in C57BL/6 mice. Quantitative Real-Time PCR (qRT-PCR) and western blot assay showed that the expression levels of MALAT1 and leucine-rich repeat kinase (LRRK2) were increased, and that of miR-205-5p was decreased in the midbrains of mice in which PD was induced by MPTP...
2018: American Journal of Translational Research
Boris Rodenak-Kladniew, Agustina Castro, Peter Stärkel, Christine De Saeger, Margarita García de Bravo, Rosana Crespo
AIMS: Linalool is a plant-derived monoterpene with anticancer activity, however its mechanisms of action remain poorly understood. The aim of this work was to elucidate the anticancer mechanisms of action of linalool in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) HepG2 cells. MAIN METHODS: Cell viability and proliferation were determined by WST-1 assay and BrdU incorporation, respectively. Cell cycle analysis was assessed through flow cytometry (FC) and western blot (WB). Apoptosis was determined by caspase-3 activity, TUNEL assay and WB...
March 3, 2018: Life Sciences
Cheng Yang
An attempt is made to achieve acoustic attenuation using a microperforated panel (MPP) without the commonly used backing air cavity. The underlying mechanism is the generation of the air motion inside the micropores as a result of the acoustic pressure difference on the two sides of the MPP. The acoustic environment in which such a mechanism is viable is found in a curved duct where the axial wavenumber below the cut-off frequency of the first dispersive mode is radius dependent. A MPP inserted into this duct results in an acoustic pressure difference on its two sides associated with the two sub-curved duct domains and enables the vibration of the air inside the micropores...
February 2018: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Karolina Kowalska, Dominika Ewa Habrowska-Górczyńska, Kinga Anna Urbanek, Kamila Domińska, Agnieszka Wanda Piastowska-Ciesielska
Zearalenone (ZEA), a mycotoxin produced in the genus Fusarium , binds to estrogen receptors (ER) and is therefore regarded as an endocrine disruptor. ZEA has also been found to modulate the proliferation and apoptosis of prostate cancer cells in a dose-dependent manner. This study evaluates whether the effect of a low dose of ZEA (0.1 and 0.001 nM) on the invasion and migration of prostate cancer cell line PC3 is associated with ERs expression. The invasion and migration was evaluated by modified Boyden chamber assay, scratch assay, gelatin zymography, Real Time qPCR (RTqPCR) and Western blot...
February 28, 2018: Toxins
Lucas A Pereira, Sophia Nimphius, Ronaldo Kobal, Katia Kitamura, Luiz A L Turisco, Rita C Orsi, César Cs Cal Abad, Irineu Loturco
The aims of this study were to (1) assess the relationship between selected speed-power related abilities (determined by 20-m sprint, unloaded countermovement and squat jumps [CMJ and SJ] and loaded jump squat [JS]) and performance in two distinct change of direction (COD) protocols (Zigzag and T-Test), and (2) determine the magnitude of difference between female and male Brazilian National Olympic Team handball athletes. Fifteen male and twenty-three female elite handball athletes volunteered to perform the following assessments: SJ and CMJ; Zigzag and T-Test; 20-m sprint with 5-, 10-, and 20-m splits, and mean propulsive power (MPP) in JS...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
J G Cohen, E Reymond, M Medici, M Lederlin, S Lantuejoul, F Laurent, A C Toffart, A Moreau-Gaudry, A Jankowski, G R Ferretti
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of computed tomography-texture analysis (CTTA) in differentiating between in-situ and minimally-invasive from invasive adenocarcinomas in subsolid lung nodules (SSLNs). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two radiologists retrospectively reviewed 49 SSLNs in 44 patients. There were 27 men and 17 women with a mean age of 63±7 (SD) years (range: 47-78years). For each SSLN, type (pure ground-glass or part-solid) was assessed by consensus and CTTA was conducted independently by each observer using a filtration-histogram technique...
February 21, 2018: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
Jiahong Zhong, Hui Yu, Chang Huang, Qiuping Zhong, Yaping Chen, Jinfeng Xie, Zhongzhen Zhou, Jiangping Xu, Haitao Wang
Phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) is a promising target for the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the underlying mechanism has not yet been well elucidated. Additionally, most of current PDE4 inhibitors produce severe nausea and vomiting response in patients, which limit their clinical application. FCPR16 is a novel PDE4 inhibitor with little emetic potential. In the present study, the neuroprotective effect and underlying mechanism of FCPR16 against cellular apoptosis induced by 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+ ) were examined in SH-SY5Y cells...
February 14, 2018: Redox Biology
Sofia Enhörning, Anders Christensson, Olle Melander
Background: Plasma copeptin, a marker of vasopressin, is associated with renal function decline in the general population. Our aim was to study the links between elevated copeptin and future risk of kidney disease. Methods: Copeptin was measured in a sample of the Malmö Preventive Project (MPP) Reinvestigation (n = 5158) and in the Malmö Diet and Cancer Cardiovascular Cohort (MDC-CC) (n = 5162). According to national registers, 89 subjects in MPP and 180 in MDC-CC developed chronic kidney disease (CKD) during follow-up (8...
February 16, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Anand Rane, Subramanian Rajagopalan, Manuj Ahuja, Bobby Thomas, Shankar J Chinta, Julie K Andersen
The heat shock factor 90 (hsp90) complex has long been associated with neuropathological phenotypes linked to Parkinson's disease (PD) and its inhibition is neuroprotective in disease models. Hsp90 is conventionally believed to act by suppressing induction of hsp70. Here, we report a novel hsp70-independent mechanism by which Hsp90 may also contribute to PD-associated neuropathology. We previously reported that inhibition of the enzyme prolyl hydroxylase domain 2 (PHD2) in conjunction with increases in hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha (HIF1α) results in protection of vulnerable dopaminergic substantia nigra pars compacta (DAergic SNpc) neurons in in vitro and in vivo models of PD...
February 19, 2018: Neurotoxicology
Natalia Moreno-Galarza, Liliana Mendieta, Victoria Palafox-Sánchez, Mireia Herrando-Grabulosa, Carles Gil, Daniel I Limón, José Aguilera
Several studies have shown that intrastriatal application of 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+ ) produces similar biochemical changes in rat to those seen in Parkinson's disease (PD), such as dopaminergic terminal degeneration and consequent appearance of motor deficits, making the MPP+ lesion a widely used model of parkinsonism in rodents. Previous results from our group have shown a neuroprotective effect of the carboxyl-terminal domain of the heavy chain of tetanus toxin (Hc-TeTx) under different types of stress...
February 19, 2018: Neurotoxicity Research
Chanyang Kim, Seungjoon Park
Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 is a well-known anti-apoptotic pro-survival factor and phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway is linked to cell survival induced by IGF-1. It is also reported that Akt signaling is modulated by 3-phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1 (PDK1). In the current study, we investigated whether the anti-apoptotic effect of IGF-1 in SH-SY5Y cells exposed to 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+) is associated with the activity of PI3K/PDK1/Akt pathway. Treatment of cells with IGF-1 inhibited MPP+-induced apoptotic cell death...
February 19, 2018: Endocrine Connections
Refaat A Eid, Mahmoud A Alkhateeb, Mubarak Al-Shraim, Samy M Eleawa, Abdullah S Shatoor, Attalla Farag El-Kott, Mohamed Samir Ahmed Zaki, Khalid A Shatoor, Ismaeel Bin-Jaliah, Fahaid H Al-Hashem
CONTEXT: Mechanisms by which ghrelin affords its cardioprotection in mammals remained unclear. OBJECTIVE: To examine if ghrelin confers cardio-protection during cardiac remodelling post-MI by modulating the RAF-1-MEK1/2-ERK1/2 signalling pathway. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rats were divided into control, sham, sham + ghrelin, myocardial infarction (MI), and MI + ghrelin groups. Ghrelin (100 µg/kg) was administered for 21 days, starting one-day post-MI...
February 15, 2018: Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry
Woom-Yee Bae, Jae-Sun Choi, Joo-Won Jeong
Cinnamic aldehyde (CA), a key flavor compound in cinnamon essential oil, has been identified as an anti-oxidant, anti-angiogenic, and anti-inflammatory material. Recently, the neuroprotective effects of CA have been reported in various neurodegenerative disorders, including Parkinson's disease (PD). In neurons, autophagy is tightly regulated, and consequently, the dysregulation of autophagy may induce neurodegenerative disorders. In the present study, we found that the selective dopaminergic neuronal death in the substantia nigra of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) mouse models was prevented by CA...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Mingxia Bi, Qian Jiao, Xixun Du, Hong Jiang
Considerable evidence has shown that elevated plasma or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) urate levels correlated with a reduced risk of Parkinson's disease (PD). Based on its anti-oxidative properties, urate might serve as one of promising neuroprotective candidates for PD. However, how urate is transported through cell membranes to exert its effects inside the cells in PD is largely unknown. To elucidate this, we showed that increased intracellular urate exerted its neuroprotective effects against 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+ )-induced neurotoxicity in MES23...
2018: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"