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Percutaneous pulmonary valve

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515755/common-origin-of-all-three-coronary-arteries-from-the-right-sinus-of-valsalva-first-case-study-accompanied-by-mitral-valve-prolapse-and-vein-anomaly-second-case-study-followed-by-successful-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-of-right-coronary-artery-stenosis
#1
Brygida Przywara-Chowaniec, Agata Puzio, Łukasz Czarnecki, Damian Kawecki, Jan Głowacki, Ewa Nowalany-Kozielska, Aleksandra Czarnecka
Congenital anomalies of the coronary arteries can be divided into two broad categories: those that alter myocardial perfusion and those that do not. In coronary anomalies not altering myocardial perfusion, the coronary arteries originate from the aorta, but their origins are in unusual positions. Although myocardial perfusion is normal, the angiographer may have trouble locating them. Patients with an anomalous left main coronary artery arising from the right sinus of Valsalva are presented. The diagnosis was made by coronary angiography, transesophageal echocardiography and multislice computed tomography (MSCT)...
March 2017: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506330/edwards-valve-in-valve-implantation-in-tricuspid-position
#2
Maria Álvarez-Fuente, Nikolaus A Haas, Maria Jesus Del Cerro
We present two cases of percutaneous Sapien XT valve-in-valve implantation in the tricuspid position: a 20-year-old man with severe congenital pulmonary stenosis and percutaneous valvuloplasty, who required surgical implantation of two protheses, pulmonary and tricuspid, and a 12-year-old boy with CHD and a degenerated tricuspid prosthesis. We implanted three Sapien XT valve-in-valves, two in the tricuspid position and one in the pulmonic position. Sapien XT valve-in-valve implantation in the tricuspid position is feasible and can decrease the number of surgeries in CHD patients...
May 16, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471810/biventricular-heart-remodeling-after-percutaneous-or-surgical-pulmonary-valve-implantation-evaluation-by-cardiac-magnetic-resonance
#3
Francesco Secchi, Elda C Resta, Paola M Cannaò, Francesca Pluchinotta, Luciane Piazza, Gianfranco Butera, Mario Carminati, Francesco Sardanelli
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation (PPVI) and surgical pulmonary valve replacement (SPVR) on biventricular and pulmonary valve function using cardiac magnetic resonance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-five patients aged 20±8 years (mean±SD) underwent PPVI, whereas 16 patients aged 30±11 years underwent SPVR. Cardiac magnetic resonance examinations were performed before and after the procedures with an average follow-up interval of 10 months...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Thoracic Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471094/acute-invasive-hemodynamic-effects-of-percutaneous-mitral-paravalvular-leak-closure
#4
James W Lloyd, Charanjit S Rihal, Guy S Reeder, Rick A Nishimura, Mackram F Eleid
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to demonstrate the physiologic effects of percutaneous mitral paravalvular leak (PVL) closure through pre- and post-closure left and right heart catheterization. BACKGROUND: Mitral PVL represents a significant source of morbidity and mortality following mitral valve repair and replacement. Although percutaneous PVL closure is an effective treatment with improvements in symptoms and mortality, data regarding the acute hemodynamic effects of such closure are lacking...
May 4, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461798/transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-in-a-patient-with-unicuspid-aortic-valve
#5
Angelo Nascimbene, Pranav Loyalka, Igor D Gregoric, Ricardo Bellera, Maan Malahfji, Marija Petrovic, Biswajit Kar
Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in patients with bicuspid aortic valves has been successfully performed, but there is a lack of published experience in percutaneous treatment of patients with unicuspid valves and severe aortic stenosis. We describe a case of TAVR in such a patient. A 31-year-old woman with Turner syndrome-who had undergone coarctation repair via subclavian flap at age 7 days and an aortic valvotomy at age 6 weeks-presented with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis. She was deemed inoperable because of her severe pulmonary hypertension and numerous comorbidities; consequently, a 20-mm Edwards Sapien 3 Transcatheter Heart Valve was offered for compassionate use...
April 2017: Texas Heart Institute Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460765/percutaneous-balloon-valvuloplasty-with-inoue-balloon-catheter-technique-for-pulmonary-valve-stenosis-in-adolescents-and-adults
#6
Charan Lanjewar, Milind Phadke, Arvind Singh, Girish Sabnis, Mahesh Jare, Prafulla Kerkar
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty is the procedure of choice for uncomplicated severe or symptomatic pulmonary stenosis. The present study describes our experience in balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty using the Inoue balloon catheter in adolescent and adult patients. AIMS: To assess the immediate and mid-term outcomes of percutaneous balloon valvuloplasty with Inoue balloon catheter in adolescent and adult patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between June 2010 and July 2015, we performed percutaneous balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty with Inoue balloon catheter in 32 patients (59...
March 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427801/-multimodality-imaging-in-the-cardiac-catheterization-laboratory
#7
Karine Warin-Fresse, Sébastien Hascoet, Patrice Guérin
Cardiac catheterization has greatly contributed to the progress made in the management of congenital heart diseases (CHD). Initially used in diagnosis, it allowed the understanding of heart diseases, their anatomy and hemodynamics. Gradually, the development of interventional cardiology has played a major role in the management of these malformations (Patent ductus arteriosus [PDA] and atrial septal defect [ASD] closure, pulmonary dilatation, percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation…). The development of such technology was made possible through the concomitant development of imaging techniques: fluoroscopy, ultrasound, MRI and CT...
April 17, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416589/multimodality-imaging-of-the-tricuspid-valve-with-implication-for-percutaneous-repair-approaches
#8
REVIEW
Francesco Ancona, Stefano Stella, Maurizio Taramasso, Claudia Marini, Azeem Latib, Paolo Denti, Francesco Grigioni, Maurice Enriquez-Sarano, Ottavio Alfieri, Antonio Colombo, Francesco Maisano, Eustachio Agricola
Nowadays some percutaneous options for tricuspid valve (TV) repair are available: Tricinch (4Tech Cardio, Galway, Ireland) mimicking the Kay procedure, Trialign (Mitralign, Boston, MA, USA) aiming to bicuspidise TV, MitraClip (Abbott Vascular, Abbott Park, Illinois, USA) mimicking Alfieri's stitch, direct transcatheter annuloplasty with Cardioband (Valtech Cardio, Or Yehuda, Israel) and transcatheter Forma Repair (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, California, USA) providing a surface for leaflet coaptation. A multimodality imaging approach is fundamental for defining the pathophysiology of tricuspid regurgitation (TR), preprocedural planning and intraprocedural monitoring...
April 17, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385408/tricuspid-regurgitation-does-not-impact-right-ventricular-remodeling-after-percutaneous-pulmonary-valve%C3%A2-implantation
#9
Daniel Tanase, Peter Ewert, Stanimir Georgiev, Christian Meierhofer, Jelena Pabst von Ohain, Doff B McElhinney, Alfred Hager, Andreas Kühn, Andreas Eicken
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate the impact of tricuspid regurgitation (TR) on right ventricular function after percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation (PPVI). BACKGROUND: PPVI provides a less invasive alternative to surgery in patients with right ventricular-to-pulmonary artery (RV-PA) conduit dysfunction. Recovery of the right ventricle has been described after PPVI for patients with pulmonary stenosis and for those with pulmonary regurgitation. Additional TR enforces RV dysfunction by supplemental volume overload...
April 10, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378162/coronary-flow-reserve-in-mitral-stenosis-before-and-after-percutaneous-balloon-mitral-valvuloplasty
#10
Ragab A Mahfouz, Mohammad Gouda, Waleed Elawdy, Ashraf Dewedar
We aimed to evaluate the coronary flow reserve (CFR) before and after percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty (PBMV) in patients with mitral stenosis (MS) and its association to clinical events. A prospective study included 45 patients with mitral stenosis candidate for PBMV (age 38 ± 19 years, 27 were females) and 20 with matched age and sex, healthy controls were included in the study. Noninvasive CFR was measured using transthoracic echocardiography and utilizing adenosine stress echocardiography (0...
April 4, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344613/anp-and-bnp-plasma-levels-in-patients-with-rheumatic-mitral-stenosis-after-percutaneous-balloon-mitral-valvuloplasty
#11
Łukasz Mazurkiewicz, Witold Rużyłło, Zbigniew Chmielak, Ewa Opalińska-Ciszek, Jadwiga Janas, Piotr Hoffman, Tomasz Hryniewiecki, Jacek Grzybowski
INTRODUCTION: Atrial (ANP) and B-type (BNP) natriuretic peptides are hormones secreted by the heart as a response to volume expansion and pressure overload. AIM: To assess the changes of ANP and BNP after percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty (PBMV) and to investigate factors associated with endpoints. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 96 patients (90.7% females, age 51.6 ±12.2 years) with rheumatic mitral valve stenosis (mitral valve area (MVA) 1...
2017: Postępy W Kardiologii Interwencyjnej, Advances in Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344611/percutaneous-pulmonary-valve-implantation-state-of-the-art-and-polish-experience
#12
REVIEW
Elżbieta K Biernacka, Witold Rużyłło, Marcin Demkow
Percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation (PPVI) is a relatively new method of treating patients with right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) dysfunction after surgical repair of congenital heart disease. Since its introduction in 2000 by Bonhoeffer, more than ten thousand PPVI procedures have been performed worldwide. Indications for PPVI have been adapted from those accepted for surgical intervention. Two types of valves are being used: Melody Medtronic available in diameters 16 mm and 18 mm and the family of Edwards SAPIEN valves 23, 26 and 29...
2017: Postępy W Kardiologii Interwencyjnej, Advances in Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322179/usefulness-of-intracardiac-echocardiography-for-the-diagnosis-of-infective-endocarditis-following-percutaneous-pulmonary-valve-replacement
#13
Sara Bouajila, Aurélie Chalard, Claire Dauphin
Infective endocarditis is a serious complication occurring after percutaneous pulmonary valve replacement with a Melody valve; it is of uncertain incidence, and presents a challenging diagnosis. Vegetations may be difficult to visualise with transthoracic and transoesophageal echocardiography. We report the role of intracardiac echocardiography in this condition by confirming the prosthesis involvement.
March 21, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319472/infective-endocarditis-in-children-an-update
#14
Garth Dixon, Georgi Christov
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Infective endocarditis in children remains a clinical challenge. Here, we review the impact of the updated 2015 American Heart Association and European Society of Cardiology guidelines on management as well as the significance of the new predisposing factors, diagnostic and treatment options, and the impact of the 2007-2008 change in prophylaxis recommendations. RECENT FINDINGS: The new 2015 infective endocarditis guidelines introduced the endocarditis team, added the new imaging modalities of computer tomography and PET-computer tomography into the diagnostic criteria and endorsed the concept of safety of relatively early surgical treatment...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303658/anchor-balloon-buddy-wire-and-wire-and-sheath-techniques-to-deploy-percutaneous-pulmonary-valves-in-tetralogy-of-fallot-patients
#15
Ruchit R Shah, Paul Poommipanit, Mark A Law, Zahid Amin
Advances in surgical techniques in tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) patients have improved survival of these patients into adulthood. The procedure requires right ventricular outflow tract or trans-annular patch with resultant pulmonary stenosis and/or regurgitation. As such, adult patients seen with this condition may have increasing right ventricular hypertrophy and/or right ventricular dilation. Recently, the Sapien XT valve (Edwards Lifesciences, CA) was approved by the FDA for pulmonary implantation. In some cases, advancing the valve in right ventricular outflow tract is difficult...
March 17, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296032/right-ventricular-remodelling-after-transcatheter-pulmonary-valve-implantation
#16
Efstathios D Pagourelias, Ana M Daraban, Razvan O Mada, Jürgen Duchenne, Oana Mirea, Bjorn Cools, Ruth Heying, Derize Boshoff, Jan Bogaert, Werner Budts, Marc Gewillig, Jens-Uwe Voigt
OBJECTIVES: To define the optimal timing for percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation (PPVI) in patients with severe pulmonary regurgitation (PR) after Fallot's Tetralogy (ToF) correction. BACKGROUND: PPVI among the aforementioned patients is mainly driven by symptoms or by severe right ventricular (RV) dilatation/dysfunction. The optimal timing for PPVI is still disputed. METHODS: Twenty patients [age 13.9 ± 9.2 years, (range 4.3-44...
March 15, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290006/exercise-testing-and-stress-imaging-in-mitral-valve-disease
#17
REVIEW
Damien Voilliot, Patrizio Lancellotti
Mitral valve disease represented by mitral stenosis and mitral regurgitation is the second most frequent valvulopathy. Mitral stenosis leads to an increased left atrial pressure whereas mitral regurgitation leads to an increased left atrial pressure associated with a volume overload. Secondary to an upstream transmission of this overpressure, both mitral stenosis and regurgitation lead to pulmonary hypertension and right heart failure. In addition, mitral regurgitation also leads to left ventricular dilatation and dysfunction with left heart failure...
March 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283226/differential-impact-of-net-atrioventricular-compliance-on-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-with-mitral-stenosis-according-to-cardiac-rhythm
#18
In-Jeong Cho, Hyuk-Jae Chang, Soo Yeon Lee, Chi Young Shim, Geu-Ru Hong, Namsik Chung
BACKGROUND: Net atrioventricular compliance (Cn), a parameter for the net compliance of the left atrium and left ventricle, is known to be a useful predictor of outcomes in patients with mitral stenosis (MS). The present study aimed to evaluate whether the impact of Cn on symptom status and clinical outcomes, as well as its contribution toward systolic pulmonary artery pressure (SPAP), differed according to cardiac rhythm. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients (N = 308) with rheumatic pure MS...
March 7, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281414/reversal-of-severe-mitral-regurgitation-by-device-closure-of-a-large-patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-a-premature-infant
#19
Ahmed Kheiwa, Robert D Ross, Daisuke Kobayashi
We report a critically ill premature infant with severe mitral valve regurgitation associated with pulmonary hypertension and a severely dilated left atrium from a large patent ductus arteriosus. The mitral valve regurgitation improved significantly with normalisation of left atrial size 4 weeks after percutaneous closure of the patent ductus arteriosus. This case highlights the potential reversibility of severe mitral valve regurgitation with treatment of an underlying cardiac shunt.
January 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279319/infective-endocarditis-risk-after-percutaneous-pulmonary-valve-implantation-with-the-melody-and%C3%A2-sapien%C3%A2-valves
#20
Sebastien Hascoet, Lucia Mauri, Caroline Claude, Emmanuelle Fournier, Julie Lourtet, Jean-Yves Riou, Philippe Brenot, Jérôme Petit
OBJECTIVES: This study compared the risk of infective endocarditis (IE) after percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation (PPVI) with the Sapien and Melody valves. BACKGROUND: The incidence of IE after PPVI is estimated at 3% per year with the Melody valve. The Sapien valve is a more recently marketed valve used for PPVI. METHODS: We retrospectively included consecutive patients who underwent PPVI at a single center between 2008 and 2016. IE was diagnosed using the modified DUKE criteria...
March 13, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
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