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MDS transfer

M Li, K J Hromowyk, S L Amacher, P D Currie
Skeletal muscle performs an essential function in human physiology with defects in genes encoding a variety of cellular components resulting in various types of inherited muscle disorders. Muscular dystrophies (MDs) are a severe and heterogeneous type of human muscle disease, manifested by progressive muscle wasting and degeneration. The disease pathogenesis and therapeutic options for MDs have been investigated for decades using rodent models, and considerable knowledge has been accumulated on the cause and pathogenetic mechanisms of this group of human disorders...
2017: Methods in Cell Biology
Jan Degerfält, Staffan Sjöstedt, Per Fransson, Elisabeth Kjellén, Mads U Werner
BACKGROUND: E-learning is an established concept in oncological education and training. However, there seems to be a scarcity of long-term assessments of E-learning programs in oncology vis-á-vis their structural management and didactic value. This study presents descriptive, nationwide data from 2005 to 2014. E-learning oncology programs in chemotherapy, general oncology, pain management, palliative care, psycho-social-oncology, and radiotherapy, were reviewed from our databases. Questionnaires of self-perceived didactic value of the programs were examined 2008-2014...
January 13, 2017: BMC Research Notes
Sudershan Kumar, Hemlata Vashisht, Lukman O Olasunkanmi, Indra Bahadur, Hemant Verma, Gurmeet Singh, Ime B Obot, Eno E Ebenso
Polyurethane based tri-block copolymers namely poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone)-b-polyurethane-b-poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone) (PNVP-PU) and poly(dimethylaminoethylmethacrylate)-b-polyurethane-b-poly(dimethylaminoethylmethacrylate) (PDMAEMA-PU) were synthesized through atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) mechanism. The synthesized polymers were characterized using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and gel permeation chromatography (GPC) methods. The corrosion inhibition performances of the compounds were investigated on mild steel (MS) in 0...
2016: Scientific Reports
Mary S Mouw, Eleanor A Wertman, Clare Barrington, Jo Anne L Earp
PURPOSE: Most adolescent and young adult (AYA)-aged childhood cancer survivors develop physical and/or psychosocial sequelae; however, many do not receive long-term follow-up (LTF) critical for screening, prevention, and treatment of late effects. To develop a health services research agenda to optimize care models, we conducted qualitative research with LTF providers examining existing models, and successes and challenges in maintaining survivors' connections to care across their transition to adulthood...
March 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Chengchen Shao, Mingxi Lin, Zhihan Zhou, Yueqin Zhou, Yiwen Shen, Aimin Xue, Huaigu Zhou, Qiqun Tang, Jianhui Xie
The mutation of short tandem repeat (STR) loci is affected by several factors, such as sex, age, and DNA architectures. Previous studies have shown a different profile of mutation rates at autosomal STR loci among populations. It is important to provide population data and reveal underlying factors influencing the evaluation of STR mutation rates. In this study, we performed a comprehensive analysis on the mutation of 19 autosomal STR loci through 124,773 parent-child allelic transfers from 5846 paternity testing cases...
November 2016: International Journal of Legal Medicine
Ting Zhou, Stephanie N Perez, Ziming Cheng, Marsha C Kinney, Madeleine E Lemieux, Linda M Scott, Vivienne I Rebel
Perturbations in CREB binding protein (CREBBP) are associated with hematopoietic malignancies, including myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Mice hemizygous for Crebbp develop myelodysplasia with proliferative features, reminiscent of human MDS/myeloproliferative neoplasm-unclassifiable (MDS/MPN-U), and a proportion goes on to develop acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We have also shown that the Crebbp+/- non-hematopoietic bone marrow microenvironment induces excessive myeloproliferation of wild-type cells. We now report that transplantation of unfractionated Crebbp+/- bone marrow into wild-type recipients resulted in either early-onset AML or late-onset MDS and MDS/MPN-U...
2016: PloS One
Tristan de Mooij, Brandon A McCutcheon, Alexey A Leontovich, Ian F Parney
INTRODUCTION: Glioblastoma (GBM) subverts the immune system toward immunosuppression through transfer of oncogenic components, including noncoding RNAs, via extracellular vesicles (EVs). GBM-derived EVs are detectable in blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and may 1 day serve as liquid biopsies. METHODS: EVs of 5 adult GBM cell lines generated at our institution from primary GBMs were harvested after serum-free culture and purified via sequential centrifugation...
August 2016: Neurosurgery
Malcolm B Doupe, Suzanne Day, Margaret J McGregor, Philip St John, Dan Chateau, Joe Puchniak, Natalia Dik, Joykrishna Sarkar
OBJECTIVES: Pressure ulcers (PUs) are reported more often among newly admitted nursing home (NH) residents who transfer from hospital versus community. We examine for whom this increased risk is greatest, further defining hospitalized patients most in need of better PU preventive care. RESEARCH DESIGN: Retrospective observational cohort study. SUBJECTS: All NH residents (N=5617) newly admitted between April 1, 2008 and March 31, 2012 in Winnipeg, MB, Canada...
June 2016: Medical Care
Mauricio A Escobar, Carolynn J Morris
BACKGROUND: The American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma (ACS-COT) view over- and undertriage rates based on trauma team activation (TTA) criteria as surrogate markers for quality trauma patient care. Undertriage occurs when classifying patients as not needing a TTA when they do. Over-triage occurs when a TTA is unnecessarily activated. ACS-COT recommends undertriage <5% and overtriage 25-35%. We sought to improve the under-triage and over-triage rates at our Level II Pediatric Trauma Center by updating our outdated trauma team activation criteria in an evidence-based fashion to better identify severely injured children and improving adherance to following established trauma team activation criteria...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Adriano Magesky, Ciro A Oliveiro Ribeiro, Émilien Pelletier
The widespread use of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) would likely result in their discharge into wastewater and inevitable release in densely populated coastal areas. It is known that AgNPs can cause harmful effects to marine fauna, but how they affect development stages is still an open question. In order to understand in details how polymer-coated AgNPs (PAAm-AgNPs) (from 0.19 to 4.64mM as Ag) can affect critical stages of marine invertebrate development, metamorphic larvae and juveniles of sea urchins were used as biological models...
May 2016: Aquatic Toxicology
Venkatraman Ravi Kumar, Chandra Verma, Siva Umapathy
Solvent plays a key role in diverse physico-chemical and biological processes. Therefore, understanding solute-solvent interactions at the molecular level of detail is of utmost importance. A comprehensive solvatochromic analysis of benzophenone (Bzp) was carried out in various solvents using Raman and electronic spectroscopy, in conjunction with Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations of supramolecular solute-solvent clusters generated using classical Molecular Dynamics Simulations (c-MDSs). The >C=O stretching frequency undergoes a bathochromic shift with solvent polarity...
February 14, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
Sandra Muntión, Teresa L Ramos, María Diez-Campelo, Beatriz Rosón, Luis Ignacio Sánchez-Abarca, Irena Misiewicz-Krzeminska, Silvia Preciado, María-Eugenia Sarasquete, Javier de Las Rivas, Marcos González, Fermín Sánchez-Guijo, María-Consuelo Del Cañizo
Exosomes/microvesicles (MVs) provide a mechanism of intercellular communication. Our hypothesis was that mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) from myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients could modify CD34+ cells properties by MVs. They were isolated from MSC from MDS patients and healthy donors (HD). MVs from 30 low-risk MDS patients and 27 HD were purified by ExoQuick-TC™ or ultracentrifugation and identified by transmission electron microscopy, flow cytometry (FC) and western blot for CD63. Incorporation of MVs into CD34+ cells was analyzed by FC, and confocal and fluorescence microscopy...
2016: PloS One
Karthikeyan Murthykumar, Deepak Nallaswamy Veeraiyan, Preetham Prasad
INTRODUCTION: Education, being a process of knowledge transfer always has advances which are generally on par with the discovery of newer technologies. Currently, most of the education process has shifted away from the conventional black board towards the usage of more student friendly technologies. This leads us to the aim of this study, which is to analyse the impact of video based learning on the performance of dental post graduate students in their biostatistics course. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A new video based discussion method was followed to teach biostatistics to MDS postgraduate students in 2013 (test group, n=44)...
December 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Zahra Hashemian, Taghi Khayamian, Mohammad Saraji, Marziyeh Poshteh Shirani
A new aptasensor was designed for the analysis of adenosine based on fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) between CdS quantum dot (QDs) as a donor and polypyrrole (Ppy) as an acceptor. The QDs were covalently bonded to anti-adenosine aptamer where its fluorescence was quenched by Ppy. When Ppy was replaced by adenosine, the fluorescence of QDs was restored and its intensity was proportional to the adenosine concentration. Under the optimized conditions, a linear range was found to be 23-146 nM with a detection limit of 9...
May 15, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Rosaely Casalegno-Garduño, Anita Schmitt, Alf Spitschak, Jochen Greiner, Lei Wang, Inken Hilgendorf, Carsten Hirt, Anthony D Ho, Mathias Freund, Michael Schmitt
Wilms' tumor gene 1 (WT1) is overexpressed in leukemia and WT1-derived CD8(+) T-cell epitopes for immunotherapies targeting WT1 have been defined. Here, we analyzed expression of WT1 in 226 peripheral blood and bone marrow samples from patients with acute myeloid leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome (AML/MDS) before and after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT). Transcripts were assessed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and WT1-specific CD8+ cytotoxic T cells (CTL) were monitored by tetramer staining and enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT) assays...
April 1, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Yuchi Young, John Kalamaras, Lindsay Kelly, David Hornick, Recai Yucel
OBJECTIVES: This study examines whether aging in place (community-based living before admission to a nursing home) delays nursing home admission among New York State home health care recipients. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study (January 2007-December 2012). SETTING: New York State. PARTICIPANTS: Adults age 65+ who received home health services for at least 2 months before permanent nursing home admission. MEASUREMENT AND ANALYSIS: Permanent transition is defined as home care patients who are discharged to and stay at a nursing home for more than 3 months...
October 1, 2015: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Yan Guo, Amma Bosompem, Sanjay Mohan, Begum Erdogan, Fei Ye, Kasey C Vickers, Quanhu Sheng, Shilin Zhao, Chung-I Li, Pei-Fang Su, Madan Jagasia, Stephen A Strickland, Elizabeth A Griffiths, Annette S Kim
BACKGROUND: Although advances in sequencing technologies have popularized the use of microRNA (miRNA) sequencing (miRNA-seq) for the quantification of miRNA expression, questions remain concerning the optimal methodologies for analysis and utilization of the data. The construction of a miRNA sequencing library selects RNA by length rather than type. However, as we have previously described, miRNAs represent only a subset of the species obtained by size selection. Consequently, the libraries obtained for miRNA sequencing also contain a variety of additional species of small RNAs...
September 24, 2015: BMC Genomics
Lei Wang, Xin Zhao, Arie Kaufman
We introduce a modified dendrogram (MD) (with sub-trees to represent the feature space clusters) and display it in continuous space for multi-dimensional transfer function (TF) design and modification. Such a TF for direct volume rendering often employs a multi-dimensional feature space. In an n-dimensional (nD) feature space, each voxel is described using n attributes and represented by a vector of n values. The MD reveals the hierarchical structure information of the high-dimensional feature space clusters...
January 2012: IEEE Conference on Visualization Proceedings
Katsuto Takenaka, Tetsuya Nishida, Yuki Asano-Mori, Kumi Oshima, Kazuteru Ohashi, Takehiko Mori, Heiwa Kanamori, Koichi Miyamura, Chiaki Kato, Naoki Kobayashi, Naoyuki Uchida, Hirohisa Nakamae, Tatsuo Ichinohe, Yasuo Morishima, Ritsuro Suzuki, Takuhiro Yamaguchi, Takahiro Fukuda
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is a major infectious complication after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Recently, it was reported that CMV reactivation is associated with a decreased risk of relapse in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of early CMV reactivation on the incidence of disease relapse after allo-HSCT in a large cohort of patients. The Japan Society for Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation's Transplantation-Related Complication Working Group retrospectively surveyed the database of the Transplant Registry Unified Management Program at the Japan Society for Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation...
November 2015: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Ying Wang, Fuxu Wang, Shupeng Wen, Yujie Guo, Xuan Liu, Xuejun Zhang, Ling Pan
The present study aimed to investigate whether artesunate (ART) could enhance the rate of apoptosis induced by decitabine (DAC) in the high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) SKM-1 cell line, and examine the potential underlying mechanisms. The cytotoxicity and effect upon the apoptosis of ART and DAC in the SKM-1 cells was detected using the cell counting kit-8 assay and flow cytometry, respectively. The SKM-1 protein expression levels of activated caspase-3, -9 and -8, cleaved poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase and apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) were measured by western blotting...
June 2015: Oncology Letters
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