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Aged care nurse

Emily K Compton, Karen Gildemeyer, Tina M Mason, Susan R Hartranft, Steven K Sutton
BACKGROUND: Duffy's Quality-Caring Model guides nursing practice at the H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute in Tampa, FL. No published studies using this model in oncology were found. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this article is to determine patients' perceptions of nurse caring behaviors at the time of discharge after surgery. METHODS: A descriptive correlational design was used. Data were collected using Duffy's Caring Assessment Tool (CAT)...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
J Russell Hoverman, Marcus A Neubauer, Melissa Jameson, Jad E Hayes, Kathryn J Eagye, Mitra Abdullahpour, Wendy J Haydon, Maria Sipala, Amy Supraner, Michael A Kolodziej, Diana K Verrilli
PURPOSE: Reform of cancer care delivery seeks to control costs while improving quality. Texas Oncology collaborated with Aetna to conduct a payer-sponsored program that used evidence-based treatment pathways, a disease management call center, and an introduction to advance care planning to improve patient care and reduce total costs. METHODS: From June 1, 2013, to May 31, 2016, 746 Medicare Advantage patients with nine common cancer diagnoses were enrolled. Patients electing for patient support services were telephoned by oncology nurses who assessed symptoms and quality of life and introduced advance care planning...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Oncology Practice
Francisco Martín Rodríguez, Cristina Fernández Pérez, Miguel Castro Villamor, José Luis Martín Conty, Pedro Arnillas Gómez, Verónica Casado Vicente
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to determine the usefulness of level D personal protective equipment (PPE) in safeguarding health care staff who perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Quasi-experimental, uncontrolled trial in 96 volunteers chosen randomly and stratified by sex, level of training, and professional category. The subjects were selected from a convenience sample of 164 nurses, physicians, and students of nursing and medicine (40 men [41...
2018: Emergencias: Revista de la Sociedad Española de Medicina de Emergencias
Zhen Li, Xinmei Zhou, Jing Cao, Zheng Li, Xia Wan, Jiaqian Li, Jing Jiao, Ge Liu, Ying Liu, Fangfang Li, Baoyun Song, Jingfen Jin, Liu Yilan, Xianxiu Wen, Shouzhen Cheng, Xinjuan Wu
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To gain insight into nurses' knowledge and attitudes regarding major immobility complications (pressure ulcers, pneumonia, deep vein thrombosis and urinary tract infections) and explore the correlation of nurses' knowledge and attitudes with the incidence of these complications. BACKGROUND: Immobility complications have adverse consequences, and effective management requires appropriate knowledge, attitudes and skills. Evidence about nurses' knowledge and attitudes regarding immobility complications is lacking...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Tazeen H Jafar, Ngiap Chuan Tan, John C Allen, Eric A Finkelstein, Paul Goh, Peter Moey, Joanne Hui Min Quah, Siew Wai Hwang, Juliana Bahadin, Anandan Gerard Thiagarajah, Jason Chan, Gary Kang, Agnes Koong
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a serious public health problem in Singapore and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD) with considerable implications for health-care resources. The goal of the trial is to compare a multicomponent intervention (MCI) to usual care to evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the MCI for lowering blood pressure (BP) among adults with uncontrolled hypertension in Singapore primary-care clinics. METHODS/DESIGN: The study is a cluster randomized trial in eight polyclinics in Singapore: four deliver a structured MCI and four deliver usual care...
March 14, 2018: Trials
Markus Kneihsl, Christian Enzinger, Kurt Niederkorn, Gerit Wünsch, Lisa Müller, Valeriu Culea, Andreas Lueger, Franz Fazekas, Thomas Gattringer
BACKGROUND: Stroke has become a treatable condition with increasing evidence of treatment benefits in older people. However, stroke mimics in geriatric patients are especially prevalent, causing incorrect suspicion and consecutive burden to patients and emergency room resources. We therefore examined the dimension of this problem by investigating emergency room admissions from nursing homes for suspected stroke. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of all nursing home residents who were admitted to the neurological emergency room of our primary and tertiary care university hospital between 2013 and 2015...
March 14, 2018: Cerebrovascular Diseases
Gianfranco Sanson, Rosaria Alvaro, Antonello Cocchieri, Ercole Vellone, John Welton, Massimo Maurici, Maurizio Zega, Fabio D'Agostino
BACKGROUND: Oncological diseases affect the biopsychosocial aspects of a person's health, resulting in the need for complex multidisciplinary care. The quality and outcomes of healthcare cannot be adequately assessed without considering the contribution of nursing care, whose essential elements such as the nursing diagnoses (NDs), nursing interventions (NIs), and nursing activities (NAs) can be recorded in the Nursing Minimum Data Set (NMDS). There has been little research using the NMDS in oncology setting...
March 13, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Rikinkumar S Patel, Priya Patel, Kaushal Shah, Mandeep Kaur, Zeeshan Mansuri, Ramkrishna Makani
Objective To determine the impact of cannabis use disorder (CUD) on the inpatient outcomes of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adolescents Background Previous studies have evaluated the impact of CUD on the health-related quality of life in ADHD patients. Methods We used the nationwide inpatient sample (NIS) from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) from years 2010--2014. We identified ADHD and cannabis use (CU) as the primary and the other diagnosis, respectively, using validated International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, and Clinical Modification (ICD-9--CM) codes...
January 7, 2018: Curēus
Javier de Miguel-Diez, Ana Lopez-de-Andres, Valentin Herandez-Barrera, Isabel Jimenez-Trujillo, Luis Puente-Maestu, Alicia Cerezo-Lajas, Rodrigo Jimenez-Garcia
Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major cause of disability and death worldwide. Consequently, COPD patients are frequent users of health and social resources. Therefore, they are highly vulnerable to decreases in investment in healthcare services. We aimed to describe the utilization of health and home care services among Spanish COPD patients during the economic crisis to identify factors independently associated with changes in the utilization of these services and to study the time trends from 2009 to 2014...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Ellen M McCreedy, Robert L Kane, Sarah E Gollust, Nathan D Shippee, Kirby D Clark
BACKGROUND: Clinicians strive to deliver individualized, patient-centered care. However, these intentions are understudied. This research explores how patient characteristics associated with an high risk-to-benefit ratio with hypoglycemia medications affect decision making by primary care clinicians. METHODS: Using a vignette-based survey, we queried primary care clinicians on their intended management of geriatric patients with diabetes. The patients' ages, disease durations, and comorbidities were systematically varied...
March 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
Anne Dang, Stéphane Sanchez, Michèle Collart, Rachid Mahmoudi, David Laplanche
The care provided to elderly people aged over 75 must be specific and multidisciplinary. An emergency department, which is seeing increasing numbers of patients passing through its doors, notably with the provision of an ambulatory care service, would not appear to be a suitable place for this fragile population, often with multiple pathologies. A study is looking at the suitability of the emergency department for nursing home residents, who have regular access to medical care, unlike elderly people living at home...
March 2018: Soins. Gérontologie
Khadega A Abuelgasim, Yousef Alsharhan, Tariq Alenzi, Abdulaziz Alhazzani, Yosra Z Ali, Abdul Rahman Jazieh
BACKGROUND: A significant proportion of cancer patients use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) along with conventional therapies (CT), whereas a smaller proportion delay or defer CT in favor of CAM. Previous studies exploring CAM use among cancer patients in the Middle East region have shown discrepant results. This study investigates the prevalence and pattern of CAM use by Saudi cancer patients. It also discusses the possible benefits and harm related to CAM use by cancer patients, and it explores the beliefs patients hold and their transparency with health care providers regarding their CAM use...
March 12, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Manabu Akahane, Akie Maeyashiki, Yasuhito Tanaka, Tomoaki Imamura
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the impact of musculoskeletal diseases, depressive mental state, and hypertension on locomotive syndrome, a condition of reduced mobility requiring nursing care. Since locomotive syndrome is a major public health issue that needs attention, its relationship with functional inconvenience in performing daily activities was also investigated. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study using an Internet panel survey, comprising 747 persons aged 30-90 years...
March 12, 2018: Modern Rheumatology
Dea J Kent, Jody N Scardillo, Barbara Dale, Caitlin Pike
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to examine the evidence and provide recommendations for the use of clean or sterile dressing technique with dressing application to prevent wound infection. QUESTION: In all persons with acute or chronic wounds, does the use of clean or sterile dressing technique affect incidence of wound infection? SEARCH STRATEGY: A search of the literature was performed by a trained university librarian, which resulted in 473 articles that examined any age group that dealt with application of a wound dressing using either sterile or nonsterile technique...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
C-H Wu, C-H Chen, P-H Chen, J-J Yang, P-C Chang, T-C Huang, S Bagga, Y Sharma, R-M Lin, D-C Chan
Fracture liaison services (FLS) have been demonstrated to improve outcomes following osteoporotic fracture. The aim of this systematic literature review (SLR) was to determine the characteristics of an FLS that lead to improved patient outcomes. We conducted a SLR, including articles published between 2000 and February 2017, using global (Medline, EMBASE, PubMed and Cochrane Library) and local databases. Studies including patients aged ≥ 50 years with osteoporotic fractures enrolled in an FLS were assessed...
March 10, 2018: Osteoporosis International
Courtney A Polenick, Amanda N Leggett, Donovan T Maust, Helen C Kales
OBJECTIVE: Medical care tasks are commonly provided by spouses caring for persons living with dementia (PLWDs). These tasks reflect complex care demands that may interfere with sleep, yet their implications for caregivers' sleep outcomes are unknown. The authors evaluated the association between caregivers' medical/nursing tasks (keeping track of medications; managing tasks such as ostomy care, intravenous lines, or blood testing; giving shots/injections; and caring for skin wounds/sores) and care-related sleep disturbances...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Katsuhiko Maezawa, Masahiko Nozawa, Takahito Yuasa, Hironobu Sato, Motosi Gomi, Kazuo Kaneko
BACKGROUND: We think that it is necessary to evaluate whether the patient after total hip arthroplasty has achieved age-appropriate locomotor ability by improvement in hip joint function. The 25-question Geriatric Locomotive Function Scale (GLFS-25) have been determined age-specific standard values for the general population. The aim of this study was to compare postoperative hip muscle strength and functional performance at 3 months after THA with preoperative levels, and to compare the outcomes at 3 months after THA with the function of age-matched adults without hip disease...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Sheree W O'Neil, Mary Ann Friesen, Debra Stanger, Amber Williams Trickey
PURPOSE: Although pediatric patients report venipuncture as their most feared experience during hospitalization, blood sampling from peripheral intravenous accesses (PIVs) is not standard of care. Blood sampling from PIVs has long been considered by healthcare personnel to harm the access. In an effort to minimize painful procedures, pediatric nursing staff conducted a prospective, observational study to determine if blood sampling using existing PIVs resulted in the loss of the access...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Magnolia Cardona, Ebony T Lewis, Robin M Turner, Hatem Alkhouri, Stephen Asha, John Mackenzie, Margaret Perkins, Sam Suri, Anna Holdgate, Luis Winoto, Chan-Wei Chang, Blanca Gallego-Luxan, Sally McCarthy, Mette R Kristensen, Michael O'Sullivan, Helene Skjøt-Arkil, Anette A Ekmann, Hanne H Nygaard, Jonas J Jensen, Rune O Jensen, Jonas L Pedersen, Dorothy Breen, John A Petersen, Birgitte N Jensen, Christian Backer Mogensen, Ken Hillman, Mikkel Brabrand
BACKGROUND: Prognostic uncertainty inhibits clinicians from initiating timely end-of-life discussions and advance care planning. This study evaluates the efficacy of the CriSTAL (Criteria for Screening and Triaging to Appropriate aLternative care) checklist in emergency departments. METHODS: Prospective cohort study of patients aged ≥65 years with any diagnosis admitted via emergency departments in ten hospitals in Australia, Denmark and Ireland. Electronic and paper clinical records will be used to extract risk factors such as nursing home residency, physiological deterioration warranting a rapid response call, personal history of active chronic disease, history of hospitalisations or intensive care unit admission in the past year, evidence of proteinuria or ECG abnormalities, and evidence of frailty to be concurrently measured with Fried Score and Clinical Frailty Scale...
March 6, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Hugo Lopes, Céu Mateus, Nicoletta Rosati
OBJECTIVES: To identify the survival time, the mortality risk factors and the individuals' characteristics associated with cognitive and physical status at discharge, among the Portuguese long-term care (LTC) populations. SETTINGS: Home-and-Community-Based Services (HCBS) and three types of Nursing Homes (NH). PARTICIPANTS: 20,984 individuals admitted and discharged in 2015. MEASUREMENTS: The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and the Cox Proportional Hazards Models were used to study the mortality risk; the Wilcoxon signed-rank test to identify the number of individuals with cognitive and physical changes between admission and discharge; two cumulative odds ordinal logistic regressions to predict the cognitive and physical dependence levels at discharge RESULTS: The mortality rate at HCBS was 30%, and 17% at the NH, with a median survival time of 173 and 200 days, respectively...
February 20, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
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